Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 695
Filtrar
1.
Intern Med ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814499

RESUMO

A 69-year-old woman presented with mild renal dysfunction, proteinuria, and sensorineural hearing loss. A renal biopsy showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis with thinning of the glomerular basement membrane. There was a positive family history of end-stage kidney disease and hearing loss. Although Alport syndrome was suspected from these features, a genetic test using next-generation sequencer identified a novel missense mutation in LMX1B, c.655C>G: p. (Pro219Ala). In silico analyses predicted the pathogenicity of the mutation. Thus, the present case was diagnosed as LMX1B-associated nephropathy presenting with Alport syndrome-like phenotype, expanding the disease spectrum of LMX1B nephropathy.

2.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 89, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have introduced the Senhance Digital Laparoscopy System and actively use for colorectal cancer surgery. Recently, we also try to perform surgery by reduce port as less invasive method. For the first time, we report a case of single-incision plus one-port transverse colectomy using Senhance system. CASE PRESENTATION: The case was a 57-year-old woman, diagnosed with transverse colon cancer referred to our department. The preoperative diagnosis was cT1bN0M0, Stage I. We performed single-incision plus one-port transverse colon resection using Senhance system without any problems. The operative time was 203 min and the blood loss was 35 ml. CONCLUSION: We report the first case of single-incision plus one-port transverse colectomy using Senhance system. We trust this approach will find increasing use, enabling a safer means of minimally invasive robotic surgery.

3.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We reported the clinical outcomes after open repair and endovascular aortic repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm and analyzed the risk factors for all-cause mortality and endoleak after endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm from January 2009 to March 2020 were included in this study. The treatment was according to a procedure selection algorithm based on the Society for Vascular Surgery comorbidity scores and instructions for use. All patients were divided into open repair and endovascular aortic repair groups, and the clinical results were compared between the groups. RESULTS: Of the 278 patients, 116 patients (41.9%) underwent open repair, and 161 patients (58.1%) underwent endovascular aortic repair. The cumulative survival rate with endovascular aortic repair was 78.6%. In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, hemodialysis (hazard ratio = 4.56; 95% confidence interval = 1.5-14.0) and the presence of type I or III endoleak (hazard ratio = 5.7; 95% confidence interval = 1.50-14.5) were independent risk factors for all-cause mortality. The Society for Vascular Surgery comorbidity score was not an independent risk factor (hazard ratio = 1.11; 95% confidence interval = 1.0-1.2). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify the risk factors for type I or III endoleak after endovascular aortic repair, anticoagulation drug therapy (odds ratio = 3.99; 95% confidence interval = 1.8-8.9), untreated thoracic aortic aneurysm (odds ratio = 4.8; 95% confidence interval = 1.8-17.3), and outside instruction for use for the proximal neck (odds ratio = 5.8; 95% confidence interval = 2.3-9.8) were independent risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: We analyzed the risk factors for all-cause mortality after treatment and endoleak after endovascular aortic repair. The results indicated that the instructions for use should be respected to reduce the frequency of endoleaks and that open repair should be chosen more often to improve late survival.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 283: 117086, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848898

RESUMO

Lead poisoning of wild birds by ingestion of lead ammunition occurs worldwide. Histopathological changes in organs of lead-intoxicated birds are widely known, and lead concentration of each organ is measurable using mass spectrometry. However, detailed lead localization at the suborgan level has remained elusive in lead-exposed birds. Here we investigated the detailed lead localization in organs of experimentally lead-exposed ducks and kites by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). In both the ducks and kites, lead accumulated diffusely in the liver, renal cortex, and brain. Lead accumulation was restricted to the red pulp in the spleen. With regard to species differences in lead distribution patterns, it is noteworthy that intensive lead accumulation was observed in the arterial walls only in the kites. In addition, the distribution of copper in the brain was altered in the lead-exposed ducks. Thus, the present study shows suborgan lead distribution in lead-exposed birds and its differences between avian species for the first time. These findings will provide fundamental information to understand the cellular processes of lead poisoning and the mechanisms of species differences in susceptibility to lead exposure.

5.
Heart Vessels ; 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Japanese high-bleeding-risk criteria (Japanese-HBR), modified criteria of the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) HBR, has been recently proposed. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of the ARC-HBR and the Japanese-HBR, and to assess their prognostic significance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We applied the ARC-HBR and the Japanese-HBR criteria to the OACIS prospective multicenter acute myocardial infarction registry (12,093 patients, 66 ± 12 years, 9,096 males). The primary endpoint was fatal bleeding (BARC-5). Median follow-up duration was 4.84 [inter-quartile range 1.35, 5.01] years. Prevalence of the ARC-HBR was 43.8%, while that of the Japanese-HBR was 61.8%. Cumulative incidence of fatal bleeding was higher in the ARC-HBR group than in the no ARC-HBR group at 1 year (1.3 vs. 0.6%) and at 5 years (2.0 vs. 0.7%). The Kaplan-Meier curves stratified by the Japanese-HBR criteria more prominently diverged (1.3 vs. 0.2% at 1 year; and 1.9 vs. 0.3% at 5 years). The Japanese-HBR criteria showed superior discriminative performance over the ARC-HBR criteria (C-statistics: 0.677 vs. 0.598, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the real-world Japanese AMI registry, nearly half of the patients fulfilled the criteria of ARC-HBR, and two-thirds met the Japanese-HBR. Our findings support the validity of both ARC- and Japanese-HBR criteria in AMI patients but encourage the future application of the Japanese-HBR criteria to the Japanese AMI cohort. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000004575.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754255

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bleeding from unresectable gastric cancer is a localized condition that adversely affects quality of life. Radiotherapy can be used to treat gastric cancer bleeding when surgery, endoscopic treatment, and intravascular embolization are ineffective. This study evaluated the utility of radiotherapy for unresectable hemorrhagic gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 33 patients with gastric cancer bleeding who underwent palliative radiotherapy in our hospital between April 2013 and May 2020. In this study, successful hemostasis was defined as > 1 month after starting radiotherapy with the patient alive and showing no need for blood transfusion, no drop in hemoglobin, and no evidence of melena or hematemesis. RESULTS: Patients comprised 26 men (79%) and 7 women (21%), with a median age of 71 years (range, 41-78 years). Hemostasis was achieved in 24 patients (73%). Thirty-two patients (94%) have been discharged home or transferred to the hospice. Patients with successful hemostasis from radiotherapy showed significantly longer overall survival than patients with unsuccessful hemostasis (p = 0.0026). No toxicities of grade 2 or more were encountered. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study found that palliative radiotherapy for gastric cancer bleeding was useful and safe and can improve remaining quality of life in patients with poor prognosis.

7.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 238-245, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731519

RESUMO

The effect of a history of cancer on the prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood.From the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study (OACIS) registry in Osaka, Japan, we enrolled the case data of a total of 3499 patients with AMI treated with PCI between 1998 and 2014, of whom 462 had a cancer history (cancer group, 13.2%) and 3037 did not (non-cancer group, 86.8%). All of the cases were followed for up to five years from discharge.The Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards models revealed that all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.43; P < 0.001). Deaths from cardiac, cancer, and other causes were treated as competing events, and competing analysis using the cumulative incidence function (CIF) and Fine-Gray model revealed that mortality due to cancer was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group, whereas cardiac mortality was similar between the two groups. The incidences of cardiovascular events, including stroke, recurrent infarction, and heart failure requiring readmission, were also similar between the two groups, although the Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox proportional hazards model revealed that the incidence of stroke was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group.A history of cancer increased all-cause and cancer mortality among patients with AMI treated with PCI, although it was not associated with cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0249240, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, but the evidence for a relationship between uric acid (UA) and clinical outcomes in CKD patients is limited and inconsistent. We hypothesized that UA has a different impact on clinical outcomes according to the underlying disease causing CKD. METHODS: This study prospectively investigated the associations between UA and renal and non-renal outcomes according to the underlying disease causing CKD in 2,797 Japanese patients under the care of nephrologists. The patients were categorized into four groups: primary renal disease (n = 1306), hypertensive nephropathy (n = 467), diabetic nephropathy (n = 275), and other nephropathy (n = 749). The renal outcome was defined as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and the non-renal outcome was defined as a composite endpoint of cardiovascular events (CVEs) and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a median 4.8-year follow-up, 359 (12.8%) patients reached the renal outcome, and 260 (9.3%) reached the non-renal outcome. In the all-patient analysis, hyperuricemia was not associated with the risks for renal and non-renal outcomes, but in primary renal disease (PRD) and hypertensive renal disease (HTN) patients, hyperuricemia was significantly associated with non-renal outcomes. Per 1 mg/dl higher UA level, multivariable adjusted hazard ratio was 1.248 (95% CI: 1.003 to 1.553) for PRD, and 1.250 (1.035 to 1.510) for HTN. Allopurinol did not reduce the risks for renal and non-renal outcomes, both in all patients and in the subgroup analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of hyperuricemia on clinical outcomes in CKD patients varies according to the underlying disease causing CKD. Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for non-renal outcomes in primary renal disease and hypertensive renal disease patients. Allopurinol did not decrease the risks for renal and non-renal outcomes.

9.
Biocontrol Sci ; 26(1): 49-53, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33716249

RESUMO

We previously identified a new Bacillus sporothermodurans strain, TM-I-3, which produces volatile compounds that show potent inhibitory activity against certain types of fungi, including Aspergillus fumigatus and Cladosporium cladosporioides. Non-contact antifungals derived from this bacterium may provide multidirectional inhibition and may be useful in disease prevention. This study is aimed at identifying the stage of fungal growth that is inhibited by TM-I-3 to elucidate the mechanism of its contact-independent antifungal activity. We evaluated mycelial growth and the gross fungal colony areas after 7 days in each experimental group varying the time in the proximity of TM-I-3 for 24 hours each. The fungal growth inhibition assay showed that TM-I-3 inhibited spore germination: the lag phase in the sigmoid growth curve. The present study demonstrated that TM-I-3 might be an effective fungistatic agent against pathogenic and allergenic fungi.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668763

RESUMO

A subpopulation of mesenchymal stem cells, developmentally derived from multipotent neural crest cells that form multiple facial tissues, resides within the dental pulp of human teeth. These stem cells show high proliferative capacity in vitro and are multipotent, including adipogenic, myogenic, osteogenic, chondrogenic, and neurogenic potential. Teeth containing viable cells are harvested via minimally invasive procedures, based on various clinical diagnoses, but then usually discarded as medical waste, indicating the relatively low ethical considerations to reuse these cells for medical applications. Previous studies have demonstrated that stem cells derived from healthy subjects are an excellent source for cell-based medicine, tissue regeneration, and bioengineering. Furthermore, stem cells donated by patients affected by genetic disorders can serve as in vitro models of disease-specific genetic variants, indicating additional applications of these stem cells with high plasticity. This review discusses the benefits, limitations, and perspectives of patient-derived dental pulp stem cells as alternatives that may complement other excellent, yet incomplete stem cell models, such as induced pluripotent stem cells, together with our recent data.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/citologia , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Modelos Biológicos , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos
11.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 182: 107578, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753097

RESUMO

We reported a new microsporidium Janacekia tainanus n. sp. from the adipose tissue of the midge Kiefferulus tainanus Kieffer, 1912 collected from a eutrophic pond in Daye city, Hubei Province, China. Infected chironomid larvae with hypertrophied adipose tissue exhibited porcelain-white. All developmental stages possessed large nuclei. The earliest stages observed were diplokaryotic meronts which were in direct contact with the host adipocyte cytoplasm. Diplokaryotic meronts developed into sporonts with the deposition of electron-dense coagulum on their surface. Multinucleate sporogonial plasmodia developed into uninucleate sporoblasts by the rosette-like division. Mature spores were oval and monokaryotic, measuring 6.14 ± 0.27 (5.65-6.67) µm long and 3.71 ± 0.12 (3.43-3.98) µm wide. Bipartite polaroplast consisted of a narrow anterior lamella and a wide posterior lamella. Isofilar polar filaments coiled 13-17 turns and arranged in one row. The exospore was thin and of no stratification, but remarkably covered with tubular secretions. The electron-lucent endospore was thick and measured 145-352 nm wide. Phylogenetic analysis based on the obtained SSU rDNA sequence indicated that the present species clustered closely with Jirovecia sinensis, a species with rod-shaped mature spores isolated from the coelomocytes of Branchiura sowerbyi. Consistent with the previous result, the monophyletic clade of Jirovecia-Bacillidium-Janacekia was sister to Pseudonosema clade and then collectively nested within Clade V of Class Aquasporidia sensu Vossbrinck and Debrunner-Vossbrinck (2005). The novel species did not form an independent monophyletic lineage with the congener, Janacekia debaisieuxi. Based on the morphological characters and ultrastructural features, as well as SSU rDNA-inferred phylogenetic relationships, a new species in the genus Janacekia, Janacekia tainanus n. sp. was designated. This is the first report of aquatic arthropod-infecting microsporidia in China.

12.
J Parasitol ; 107(1): 98-107, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567092

RESUMO

Falcaustra vietnamensis n. sp. is described from the small intestine of Physignathus cocincinus from north-central Vietnam. The new species is characterized by the large male worms (20.2-28.8 mm in length and 557-724 µm in width) relative to known members of the genus, 2 sharply pointed alate spicules of equal length (1,128-1,256 µm in length), gubernaculum including 2 separate pieces, 1 ventral with a pointed distal end and 1 dorsal with a blunt distal end (164-192 µm and 155-172 µm in length, respectively), and 12 pairs of caudal papillae. Female worms are larger than male worms (24.2-34.1 mm in length and 532-735 µm in width), with the vulva situated in the posterior half of body, and elliptical eggs, 60-70 µm long by 42-47 µm wide. Falcaustra vietnamensis n. sp. represents the 38th species assigned to the genus and the third species recorded from a lizard host in the Oriental biogeographical region. Partial sequences of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA), internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS), and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) are provided for the new species. The molecular phylogenetic position of the genus Falcaustra is briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Lagartos/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Spirurina/classificação , Spirurina/genética , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , DNA de Helmintos/química , DNA de Helmintos/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Intestino Delgado/parasitologia , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/veterinária , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia , Spirurina/ultraestrutura , Vietnã
13.
Parasitol Res ; 120(4): 1341-1350, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554278

RESUMO

Understanding the population structure of Fasciola flukes in domestic and wild animals is important for determining the extent of cross-infection between them. Although the parthenogenetic Fasciola flukes in Japan have been shown to comprise five genetic types based on the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) regions, these genetic regions are not suitable for analyzing their population structure. In the present study, the genetic diversity and population structure of the parthenogenetic Fasciola flukes in Japan were studied using microsatellite DNA, ITS1, and nad1 regions. A total of 144 parthenogenetic Fasciola flukes, obtained from cattle and sika deer in 16 localities, were individually analyzed using PCR-RFLP for ITS1, PCR-direct sequence analysis for nad1, and post-labeling PCR and capillary electrophoresis for microsatellite DNA regions. The flukes showed higher genetic diversity in the microsatellite DNA regions than ITS1 and nad1. The population structures of parthenogenetic Fasciola flukes were unclear, however, it was suggested that the flukes are more diverse populations. We hypothesized that their distribution throughout Japan is closely related to livestock movement dependent on human activity. Moreover, it is considered that cross-infection of the flukes between cattle and sika deer possibly has occurred in the past.

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We created an estimation model for hypothermic circulatory arrest time and analyzed the risk factors for major adverse outcomes in total arch replacement. METHODS: This study involved 272 patients who underwent total arch replacement. The estimation model for hypothermic circulatory arrest time was established using multiple linear regression analysis, and the predicted hypothermic circulatory arrest time from this model was analyzed to detect risk factors. RESULTS: Atrial fibrillation, rupture, malperfusion, saccular aneurysm, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and hypothermic circulatory arrest time were identified as independent risk factors associated with major adverse outcomes. The estimation model for hypothermic circulatory arrest time was established as follows: hypothermic circulatory arrest time = 99.3 - 0.19 × age + 0.65 × body mass index + 6.19 × previous cardiac operation + 11.7 × acute dissection + 8.9 × rupture + 0.19 × aortic angulation + 0.15 × length to the distal anastomosis site - 6.17 × total arch replacement surgeon case volume - 3.06 × surgery year. The predicted hypothermic circulatory arrest time calculated by this estimation model was evaluated using multivariate logistic analysis, which identified atrial fibrillation, rupture, malperfusion, saccular aneurysm, and predicted hypothermic circulatory arrest time as risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: As with the actual hypothermic circulatory arrest time, the predicted hypothermic circulatory arrest time using our model detected significant factors associated with major adverse outcomes. These results indicated that this prediction model for hypothermic circulatory arrest time may be effective.

15.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590962

RESUMO

Various innovative robotic systems have been developed to improve surgery precision. The Senhance Surgical System (SSS) is a digital laparoscopic system offering eye tracking and haptic feedback. Several reports have described application of the SSS to general surgeries, including cholecystectomy and colectomy. However, use of the SSS for gastric tumor has not been reported. We experienced a case of laparoscopic local gastrectomy (LLG) for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with the SSS. A 74-year-old man diagnosed with GIST underwent LLG with the SSS. Operation, docking, and console times were 117, 11, and 59 minutes, respectively. No perioperative complications were encountered. This study is the first to report LLG for GIST with the SSS. LLG with the SSS was safe and feasible. The SSS can use reusable forceps and contribute to reducing medical costs. The development of instruments is also progressing, and various kinds of surgery are likely to be indicated.

16.
CEN Case Rep ; 10(2): 301-307, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398783

RESUMO

Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) cases achieving spontaneous remission without external factors are rarely reported. We report a case of MCNS that achieved spontaneous remission without external factors that triggered its onset. An 82-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital for close examination of nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy was performed and MCNS was diagnosed. Owing to the patient's age and history of foot and microvascular arteriovenous thrombosis, we did not start immunosuppressive drugs, including steroids, and opted for conservative management. After conservative treatment, proteinuria gradually decreased, and the patient achieved complete remission. Given that the patient had a history of urinary protein and thrombosis, recurrence of MCNS was considered again this time. In addition, the involvement of external factors that trigger the onset of MCNS was not found. In conclusion, in elderly-onset MCNS, clinicians generally hesitate to initiate treatment with an immunosuppressive drug, containing steroids, because of its many complications. Thus, our data provide valuable insight into MCNS.

17.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2602, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510182

RESUMO

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a serious condition leading to kidney failure. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of FSGS and its differences compared with minimal change disease (MCD) using cross-sectional data from the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry. In Analysis 1, primary FSGS (n = 996) were stratified by age into three groups: pediatric (< 18 years), adult (18-64 years), and elderly (≥ 65 years), and clinical characteristics were compared. Clinical diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome (NS) was given to 73.5% (97/132) of the pediatric, 41.2% (256/622) of the adult, and 65.7% (159/242) of the elderly group. In Analysis 2, primary FSGS (n = 306) and MCD (n = 1303) whose clinical diagnosis was nephrotic syndrome (NS) and laboratory data were consistent with NS, were enrolled. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to elucidate the variables which can distinguish FSGS from MCD. On multivariable analysis, higher systolic blood pressure, higher serum albumin, lower eGFR, and presence of hematuria associated with FSGS. In Japanese nationwide registry, primary FSGS patients aged 18-64 years showed lower rate of NS than those in other ages. Among primary nephrotic cases, FSGS showed distinct clinical features from MCD.

18.
Parasitol Res ; 120(3): 861-876, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511471

RESUMO

Commercial marine fishes caught locally in East Java, Indonesia, were examined for multivalvulid myxosporeans (Cnidaria: Myxozoa: Myxosporea). Plasmodia of Unicapsula pyramidata were detected in the trunk muscle of two fork-tailed threadfin breams (Nemipterus furcosus). Genetic comparisons of this sample to those collected in the Australian Coral Sea and South China Sea showed few nucleotide substitutions in the small subunit and large subunit ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) with the species isolated in the Australian Coral Sea and South China Sea. Pseudocysts of two new Kudoa spp. with four shell valves and polar capsules were found in the trunk muscle of two shrimp scads Alepes djedaba and two flathead grey mullets Mugil cephalus. Kudoa javaensis n. sp. myxospores isolated from the shrimp scad were 5.1-7.2 (mean 6.2) µm thick, 6.2-7.9 (7.3) µm wide, and 4.6-6.3 (5.4) µm long, with polar capsules 1.9-2.5 (2.2) µm long and 1.1-1.4 (1.3) µm wide (n = 15). Kudoa surabayaensis n. sp. myxospores isolated from the flathead grey mullet were 5.8-6.7 (6.3) µm thick, 6.4-7.6 (6.9) µm wide, and 4.6-5.0 (4.7) µm long, with polar capsules 1.8-2.4 (2.1) µm long and 0.9-1.3 (1.1) µm wide (n = 25). These two Kudoa spp. showed critical differences in spore shapes (semiquadrate with unequal shell valves vs. equal shell valves), and absence vs. presence of uplifted shell valve termini. Nucleotide sequencing of rDNA supported the morphological differentiation of these two species. Furthermore, these two isolates were morphologically and phylogenetically distinct from any recorded Kudoa spp.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Myxozoa/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Animais , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Peixes/parasitologia , Indonésia , Músculo Esquelético/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Myxozoa/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Anal Sci ; 37(1): 159-165, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342926

RESUMO

In this review, we summarize the methods of sample introduction into a gas chromatograph. For volatile organic compounds, headspace measurements and purge-trap methods have been used traditionally. Recently, the trapped headspace method has been used in water quality testing. In addition, various solid-state adsorption methods have been developed, including a method in which the adsorbent is placed inside a needle, while new adsorbents and their applications have also been introduced.

20.
Syst Parasitol ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201415

RESUMO

A synopsis of the species of Zschokkella Auerbach, 1910 (Myxozoa: Bivalvulida: Myxidiidae) is presented, including 94 nominal species from piscine hosts and 3 additional nominal species from amphibian or reptilian hosts. The most relevant morphological and morphometric features of both myxospores and trophozoite stages (when available) are presented for each species in tabulated format.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...