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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5195-5202, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Population aging results in increasing numbers of elderly persons undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. We sought to identify objective preoperative indicators of outcomes, with a view toward development of safe, effective treatments for such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 99 patients aged 80 years or more, who were treated surgically for stage I- III colorectal cancer. Preoperative nutritional status was compared retrospectively between those who suffered postoperative complications (n=40) and those who did not (n=59). RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed low prealbumin (PreAlb) concentration (p=0.032) and low platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (p=0.116) as risk factors for postoperative complications. Multivariate analysis showed preoperative PreAlb concentration to be an independent risk factor (OR=0.884; 95% confidence interval=0.791-0.989; p=0.024) associated with postoperative length of hospital stay (coef.=-0.336, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: PreAlb, a rapid turnover protein, shows promise as a simple predictor of postoperative complications in elderly patients treated for colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Colorretal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of spray-type anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. PURPOSE: This study will assess whether or not spraying an anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy could reduce the surgeon's multifaceted workload in ileostomy closure. METHODS: Patients with laparoscopic or robotic surgery for rectal cancer scheduled for low anterior resection and diverting ileostomy will be enrolled in the ADOBARRIER study (multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial). The target sample size is set at 120 cases, which will be randomly divided into an anti-adhesion material-using group and a non-using group at a ratio of 1:1. The primary endpoint is the multifaceted workload of the surgeon of ileostomy closure using SURG-TLX between groups with and without usage of the anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy construction; the secondly endpoint is the operative time, amount of intraoperative blood loss, degree of adhesions, and extent of intra-abdominal adhesions when the ileostomy is closed. CONCLUSIONS: This RCT will evaluate the efficacy and safety of spray-type anti-adhesion material for diverting ileostomy construction. The results of this study are expected to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of anti-adhesion material. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCT) in October 2020 as jRCTs032200155.

4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
5.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2617-2623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952492

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the mid-term oncological results between patients with low rectal cancer who underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (MILS) and those who underwent open surgery (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 262 matched patients who underwent primary resection for low rectal cancer between 2000 and 2019 were divided into MILS (n=131; n=107, conventional laparoscopic surgery; n=24, robotic surgery) and OS (n=131) groups. The short- and mid-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Similar baseline characteristics were noted. The operative time was longer and blood loss was lesser in the MILS group; the conversion rate was 3.8%. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar. The 2-year cumulative incidence of local recurrence was noted to be much lower in the MILS group (1.9%) than in the OS group (8.4%). MILS had a significantly low hazard ratio (0.208, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: MILS has potential benefits in reducing local recurrence of low rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
6.
J Anus Rectum Colon ; 5(2): 167-172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937557

RESUMO

Objectives: Molecular profiling of marker mutations has become an essential aspect in the treatment planning for colorectal cancer (CRC). Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutations could be used as markers in CRC molecular profiling. However, the extremely low frequency of these mutations makes their confirmation in all patients inefficient. Thus, to determine whether ALK positivity could be indicated by morphological features, we have analyzed ALK positivity in CRC tissues with a signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) component. Methods: We screened cases of patients who underwent CRC surgical resection at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of the Kanagawa Cancer Center between January 2015 and December 2019. The selected samples were then assessed immunohistochemically using an antibody against p80 ALK. Results: In total, we were able to retrieve 29 cases of CRC with the SRCC component from the database; however, 5 cases were excluded owing to the absence of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections or the absence of the SRCC component when the tissues were observed. In the immunohistochemical analysis, two cases showed diffused positive immunoreactivity for ALK and were defined as ALK-positive CRC. Thus, the ALK positivity rate in CRC with SRCC was determined to be 8.3%. Conclusions: This present study sheds light on the morphological features of ALK-positive CRC. Our findings could contribute to the effective screening and improvement of front-line therapy for CRC.

7.
J Clin Neurosci ; 86: 202-210, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775329

RESUMO

1,3-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU, or Carmustine) wafers are intraoperatively implantable wafers used to achieve local tumor control. There is scarce data about the behavior of wafers in the long-term follow-up of implanted cases. We reviewed the data of 64 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma treated by surgery, BCNU wafers, radiation therapy, and temozolomide administration. This cohort included 55 patients who presented first recurrence, and 49 of them showed tumor progression to death. The MR imaging of each patient at the terminal stage and an autopsy case were used to elucidate the tumor progression pattern after the wafer implantation. We subdivided the first recurrence pattern into local, distant, and multifocal based on MR imaging or into infield, outfield, and marginal based on the radiation field. The first recurrence pattern was 33 patients (60%) with local, 13 (24%) with distant, and nine (16%) with multifocal recurrence, or 38 patients (69%) with infield, 13 (24%) with outfield, and four (7%) with marginal. The median and mean time intervals between MR imaging at the terminal stage and death were 2.0 and 2.3 months, respectively. Of note, 13 patients with first distant recurrence had no obvious radiological local tumor progression even at the terminal stage. Long-term follow-up after BCNU wafer implantation revealed that patients with first distant recurrence had long-lasting local tumor control until the terminal stage.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(5): 1269-1278, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative motor deficits are among the worst morbidities of glioma surgery. We aim to investigate factors associated with postoperative motor deficits in patients with frontoparietal opercular gliomas. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with frontoparietal opercular gliomas were retrospectively investigated. We examined the postoperative ischemic changes and locations obtained from MRI. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (62%) presented postoperative ischemic changes. Postoperative MRI was featured with ischemic changes, all located at the subcortical area of the resection cavity. Six patients had postoperative motor deficits, whereas 28 patients did not. Compared to those without motor deficits, those with motor deficits were associated with old age, pre- and postcentral gyri resection, and postcentral gyrus resection (P = 0.023, 0,024, and 0.0060, respectively). A merged image of the resected cavity and T1-weighted brain atlas of the Montreal Neurological Institute showed that a critical area for postoperative motor deficits is the origin of the long insular arteries (LIAs) and the postcentral gyrus. Detail anatomical architecture created by the Human Connectome Project database and T2-weighted images showed that the subcortical area of the operculum of the postcentral gyrus is where the medullary arteries supply, and the motor pathways originated from the precentral gyrus run. CONCLUSIONS: We verified that the origin of the LIAs could damage the descending motor pathways during the resection of frontoparietal opercular gliomas. Also, we identified that motor pathways run the subcortical area of the operculum of the postcentral gyrus, indicating that the postcentral gyrus is an unrecognized area of damaging the descending motor pathways.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Vias Eferentes/irrigação sanguínea , Vias Eferentes/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/cirurgia , Córtex Somatossensorial/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Mapeamento Encefálico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Vias Eferentes/patologia , Feminino , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Período Pós-Operatório , Tratos Piramidais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Córtex Somatossensorial/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
9.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 405(8): 1139-1145, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Guidelines advocate minimal ileal resection when right hemicolectomy is performed for right-sided colon cancer. The practice, thought to prevent malabsorption syndrome, does not appear to foster local recurrence. Little evidence based on rigorous study exists, however. To understand the pattern of lymphatic spread of right-sided colon cancer toward the small bowel and thus determine the appropriate margin size, we prospectively investigated anatomical distribution of lymph nodes (LNs) in the small bowel mesentery and of metastasis to these nodes in patients with right-sided colon cancer treated by such surgery. METHODS: In each case, the mesenteric specimen, which had been dissected along the ileocolic vessels and included intermediate LNs, was divided into 2 areas: that 0-3 cm from the vessel pedicle (area 1) and that 3-5 cm from the pedicle (area 2). The peri-intestinal mesentery was cut into 9 segments. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included in the study. Overall, 3366 LNs were dissected. Four hundred fifty-three of these LNs were located in area 1 (90 cases), and 15 (3.3%) were metastatic. Only 63 LNs were located in area 2 (34 cases; average of 0.69 per patient); none was metastatic. Overall, 269 LNs were found in the small bowel mesentery (in 56 of the 91 patients). Only 4 were positive (3 cases), and all were within 5 cm of the ileocecal valve. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that a surgical margin 3 cm from the ileocecal pedicle and a short (5 cm) ileal margin are oncologically reasonable for effective right hemicolectomy.

10.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 849-856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Tumor microenvironments consist of many types of immune cells, in which regulatory T-cells (Tregs) are supposed to play important roles to suppress anti-tumor immunity. Regional lymph nodes are essential for antitumor immunity in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the diversity of phenotypes of T-cells in normal tissue and regional lymph nodes in order to determine the immunosuppressive mechanism of lymph node metastasis of CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study, and paired samples (tumor tissue, normal tissue, and three regional lymph node samples and as well as non-regional lymph node samples) were obtained from each patient. In each paired-sample set, the proportions of different immune cell types and T-cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules were compared using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Higher proportions of Tregs [7.58% (4.94%-13.87%) vs. 1.79% (0.03%-5.36%), p<0.001] and lower proportions of INFγ-producing CD4-positive T (iCD4+) cells [21.49% (12.08%-27.35%) vs. 26.55% (15.65%-37.63%), p<0.001] were observed in tumor tissue than in normal mucosa. Parts of regional lymph nodes nearest the tumor had a greater proportion of Tregs [5.86% (4.18%-7.69%)] and lower proportions of iCD4+ [5.94% (3.51%-9.04%)] and INFγ-producing CD8-positive T (iCD8+) cells [21.93% (14.92%-35.90%)] than distant parts of regional lymph nodes and non-regional lymph nodes. Both immune-suppressing molecules (CTLA-4 and PD-1) and immune-promoting molecules (OX-40 and ICOS) tended to be highly expressed in tumor tissue and local lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: In patients with CRC, regional lymph nodes, especially the parts nearest the tumor, had a higher proportion of Tregs and other suppressive immunophenotypes of T-cells than those located more distantly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Metástase Linfática , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
World Neurosurg ; 134: 635-640.e1, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neuraxis (CAPNON) is a rare clinical entity. We report an unusual case of intraparenchymal bifrontal CAPNON coexisting with interhemispheric lipoma and agenesis of the corpus callosum. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old woman presented with slight weakness of her left leg. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed massive nodular intraparenchymal calcifications at both sides of the interhemispheric lipoma associated with partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. Enhancement was observed at the periphery and within the calcification. Massive perifocal edema was also demonstrated. The enhanced lesion with calcification was partially resected. Histologic analysis of the resected specimen disclosed nodular calcification with fibro-osseous components and histiocytic reaction, consistent with CAPNON. A high ratio of M2 macrophages was observed among the infiltrating macrophages. 11C-methionine positron emission tomography demonstrated high uptake of the tracer at the lesion corresponding to the calcified lesion on computed tomography. Postoperatively, massive perifocal edema was decreased and maintained without progression for a year. CONCLUSIONS: The high M2 macrophage activity verified by histopathologic analysis suggests that CAPNON is not a silent but a more active, tumefactive disease involving the immune response. This hypothesis may be supported by the high uptake of 11C-methionine positron emission tomography.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/cirurgia , Corpo Caloso/cirurgia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Macrófagos/patologia , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Corpo Caloso/patologia , Humanos , Lipoma/complicações , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Anus Rectum Colon ; 3(2): 84-90, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Raman spectroscopy yields precise information, not only regarding the secondary structure of proteins but also regarding the discrimination between normal and malignant tissues. There is, however, no standard measurement method. We evaluated the use of a miniaturized, handheld, all-in-one Raman spectrometer with a 1064-nm laser excitation source for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer. The ultimate goal is real-time, in vivo diagnosis. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 20 patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. The samples were irradiated with the portable Progeny™ Raman spectrometer, with which the Raman spectra were also obtained. We searched for characteristic Raman shifts and examined whether these shifts could distinguish the cancer tissues. To improve accuracy, we divided the spectra into 100 cm-1 bands and applied principal component analysis (PCA) to each range. We evaluated the contribution of each range for cancer discrimination. RESULTS: Intensities at 1261 and 1427 cm-1 differed significantly between the normal tissues and cancer tissues, but these did not efficiently discriminate the cancer tissues. However, we were able to identify the characteristic spectral range in fingerprint regions; accuracy was 85.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Use of the all-in-one type Raman spectrometer can efficiently discriminate colorectal cancer, not on the basis of the intensities at 1261 and 1427 cm-1 but rather on the basis of PCA. Thus, Raman spectroscopy performed using a handheld device has potential to become a clinically powerful tool for producing high-quality data, obtaining highly reproducible measurements, and thus accurately diagnosing colorectal cancer.

13.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1301-1306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the impact of Beppu's nomogram on colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 43 patients who underwent primary hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastasis at the Kanagawa Cancer Center from June 2006 to March 2011. The patients were classified as having a Beppu's nomogram score ≤9 (low-risk group) or ≥10 (high-risk group). The risk factors for the disease-free survival (DFS) were identified. RESULTS: The respective DFS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery were 72.0%, 43.3%, and 17.3% in the low-risk group and 27.8%, 16.7%, and 8.3% in the high-risk group, the difference being significant (p=0.009). The multivariate analysis showed that Beppu's nomogram score ≥10 was a significant independent risk factor for the DFS. CONCLUSION: Beppu's nomogram score was an independent prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. Thus, Beppu's nomogram might be a useful tool for predicting the risk of recurrence after hepatectomy, even in the era of newly-developed chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Assistência Perioperatória , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e213-e221, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Maximal safe resection prolongs the survival of patients with glioblastoma (GB). However, whether total resection of the enhanced lesion is pursued or abandoned depends on preoperative judgments based on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Anatomically, medial temporal tumor tends to invade toward the temporal stem, insula, and basal ganglia, representing tumor with high surgical risk. In the present study, we describe the key radiologic features of medial temporal GB to achieve extent of resection. METHODS: We reviewed all GB cases located in the temporal lobe (tGB) treated between April 2013 and March 2018 at Kitasato University Hospital. On the basis of MRI, tGB was simply classified into 3 groups: medial tGB and nonmedial tGB, and medial tGB was further subdivided into invading type and mimicking type. We focused on the resectability of medial tGB. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with tGB were identified. Twenty were included in the nonmedial tGB, and 7 were in the medial tGB. All medial tGB seemed to invade into the basal ganglia and/or the lenticulostriate arteries, but detailed examination revealed 2 types of tumor, invading type (3 cases) and mimicking type (4 cases). The invading type had true involvement of the basal ganglia and/or lenticulostriate arteries, whereas the mimicking type had no involvement of these structures. This new classification is highly effective, as the former is unresectable, but the latter is totally resectable. CONCLUSIONS: Medial tGB is a challenging tumor for maximal safe resection, so our classification will help to identify cases of removable medial tGB.


Assuntos
Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/classificação , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/classificação , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Gânglios da Base/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lobo Temporal/cirurgia
15.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 10(2): 188-193, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032084

RESUMO

Background: With low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer, the oncologic outcomes are recently good. A diverting ileostomy is often created to protect the newly constructed anastomosis; seldom is a permanent stoma needed. Predicting postoperative anorectal function remains difficult, however. We speculated that the endoscopic appearance of the anastomosis before ileostomy closure is predictive of the post-operative anorectal function and tested our hypothesis retrospectively. Methods: Included in the study were 80 patients who, between September 2014 and August 2017, underwent LAR at Kanagawa Cancer Center. A diverting stoma had been created during the primary surgery, and ileostomy closure was performed about 6 months later. The anastomosis was examined endoscopically just before ileostomy closure, and the features were scored by two well-trained endoscopists. Daily defecation frequency and incontinence (Kirwan Score) were assessed after closure through physician-patient interview, and correlation between endoscopic feature scores and these measures of anorectal function was tested. Results: Documented endoscopic features included erythema in 79% of patients, erosion (45%), ulceration (5%), granulomatous change (41.3%), granular protrusions (17.5%); hemorrhagic (20.0%) or white-coated (30.0%) mucosa. Anastomosis stricture <9 mm was 17.5%. Median daily defecation frequency after ileostomy closure was 4 (range, 0-20). Moderate positive correlation was found between endoscopic scores and postoperative anorectal function (r=0.60, P<0.001). Conclusions: In recording and analyzing endoscopic features of the anastomosis before ileostomy closure in a large number of patients treated by LAR, we found that the features might indeed be clinically useful in predicting post-LAR anorectal function.

16.
World Neurosurg ; 123: 464-468.e1, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30496930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) is a rare neurological condition of trans-synaptic degeneration caused by disruption of the dentatorubro-olivary pathway. We present new radiologic findings of HOD in 2 cases of brainstem lymphoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35-year-old woman (Case 1) and a 69-year-old man (Case 2) presented with remarkably similar clinical courses. The primary lesion was located at the dorsal pons extending to the midbrain. Pathologic diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was obtained after surgical resection. Complete remission of the primary lesion was achieved by treatment with 3 courses of high-dose methotrexate and radiotherapy. Arterial spin-labeling and T2-weighted imagings showed high signal intensity in the inferior olive (IO) at some time after the operation. Slight contrast enhancement in the IO was also found in Case 1. These radiologic findings nearly misled us into a diagnosis of recurrence of lymphoma. Signal intensity in the IO on arterial spin-labeling imaging changed with time. Normalized regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the IO was defined as a percentage of rCBF to the global cerebral blood flow calculated using automated software. Chronologic change in normalized rCBF in the IO revealed a large peak in Case 1, but only a mild increase in Case 2. Neurological findings demonstrated severe oculopalatal tremor in Case 1 and mild palatal tremor in Case 2. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperperfusion and contrast enhancement in the IO were found in 2 patients with HOD. These findings may be confused with recurrence of malignant tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/complicações , Linfoma/complicações , Núcleo Olivar/patologia , Atrofias Olivopontocerebelares/diagnóstico por imagem , Atrofias Olivopontocerebelares/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Marcadores de Spin
17.
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg ; 96(4): 244-248, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most serious complications of stereotactic biopsy is postoperative symptomatic hemorrhage due to injury to the basal perforating arteries such as the lenticulostriate arteries neighboring the basal ganglia lesions. OBJECTIVES: A new target-planning method was proposed to reduce hemorrhagic complications by avoiding injury to the perforating arteries. METHODS: Three-dimensional 3-T time-of-flight (3D 3-T TOF) imaging was applied to delineate the basal perforating arteries such as the lenticulostriate arteries. The incidence of postoperative hemorrhage in basal ganglia cases was compared between a new method using 3D 3-T TOF and a conventional target-planning method based on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance images obtained by 1.5-T scanning. RESULTS: 3D 3-T TOF imaging could delineate the basal perforating arteries sufficiently in target planning. No postoperative hemorrhage occurred with the new method (n = 10), while 6 postoperative hemorrhages occurred with the conventional method (n = 14). The new method significantly reduced the occurrence of postoperative hemorrhages (p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: 3D 3-T TOF MR imaging with contrast medium administration provides useful information about the perforating arteries and allows safe stereotactic biopsy of basal ganglia lesions.


Assuntos
Artérias/lesões , Gânglios da Base/patologia , Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/prevenção & controle , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Neurooncol ; 137(2): 417-427, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29468445

RESUMO

Biomaterials to treat cancers hold therapeutic potential; however, their translation to bedside treatment requires further study. The carmustine (1,3-bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea; BCNU) wafer, a biodegradable polymer, currently is the only drug that is able to be placed at the surgical site to treat malignant tumors. However, how this wafer affects the surrounding tumor microenvironment is not well understood to date. We retrospectively reviewed all patients with glioblastoma treated with and without BCNU wafers who underwent repeat resection at tumor recurrence. We investigated radiological imaging; the interval between the two surgeries; and immunohistochemistry of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, FOXP3, and PD1. We implanted BCNU wafers in 41 newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients after approval of the wafer in Japan. Of them, 14 underwent surgery at recurrence and tissue was obtained from around the wafers. The interval between the first and second surgeries ranged from 63 to 421 days. The wafer could be observed on magnetic resonance imaging at up to 226 days, whereas intraoperatively the biodegraded material of the wafer could be found at up to 421 days after the initial surgery. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that CD8+ and CD68+ cells were significantly increased, but FOXP3+ cells did not increase, after wafer implantation compared to tissue from cases without wafer implantation. MRI data and immune cells, as well as interval between surgeries and immune cells, demonstrated positive correlation. These results helped us to understand the bioactivity of bioengineered materials and to establish a new approach for immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Implantes Absorvíveis , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/imunologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Vet Med Sci ; 80(4): 648-652, 2018 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29445072

RESUMO

To treat dental disorders and estimate age, it is important that veterinarians understand teeth eruption sequence for the animal in question. Few dental images of the eastern grey kangaroo have been published. In the present study, radiographic imagings of 29 kangaroos, ranging in age from 12 months to 10 years 9 months, was used to surveil the replacement of premolars and the eruption of molars. These images revealed eruption patterns in five stages, while the second and third deciduous premolars were shed non-systematically. Furthermore, the third premolars and fourth molars erupted in the mandible earlier than in the maxilla, which may contribute to the frequency of mandibular dental disorders.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Macropodidae/fisiologia , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
20.
Zoo Biol ; 37(2): 115-118, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29450906

RESUMO

Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity. The haematological and serum biochemical analyses showed decreases in glucose, total cholesterol, calcium, and triglyceride levels at approximately 10 months of age. Joeys emerge from their mother's pouch at 8 months of age and permanently leave it at approximately 10 months of age. Subsequently, the joeys are exposed to the external environment and infectious agents. Although the joeys continue suckling until 13-19 months of age, the joeys start to eat the similar feed to the adult and their nutritional status may change at approximately 10 months of age. Seasonal influences, species behavior, and shifts in dietary composition are proposed to be contributory to the increased occurrence of enteritis between 10 and 12 months of age.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/veterinária , Enterite/veterinária , Macropodidae , Fatores Etários , Animais , Animais de Zoológico , Coccidiose/mortalidade , Dieta/veterinária , Enterite/mortalidade , Comportamento Alimentar , Umidade , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
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