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J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(13)2022 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35008084


It is unexpected that a spin-glass (SG) transition, which generally occurs only in systems with some form of disorder, was observed in the ThCr2Si2-type compound PrAu2Si2at a temperature of ∼3 K. This puzzling phenomenon was later explained based on a novel dynamic frustration model that does not involve static disorder. We present the results of re-verification of the reported SG behaviors by measuring the physical properties of three polycrystalline PrAu2Si2samples annealed under different conditions. Indeed, in the sample annealed at 827 °C for one week, a SG transition does occur at a temperature ofTf∼ 2.8 K as that reported previously in the literature. However, it is newly found that the SG effect is actually more pronounced in the as-cast sample, and almost completely disappears in the well-annealed (at 850 °C for four weeks) sample. The annealing effect observed in PrAu2Si2, that is, SG to paramagnetism transition is discussed by comparing with earlier results reported on the same system and other isomorphic compounds.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(49): 495804, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006326


A new ternary uranium germanide U2Rh3Ge5 has been successfully synthesized and investigated by means of magnetic susceptibility χ(T, H), isothermal magnetization M(T, H), electrical resistivity ρ(T), and specific heat C(T, H) measurements. This compound is found to crystallize in the U2Co3Si5-type orthorhombic structure. The low-field χ(T) shows a clear peak at T N = 41.5 K corresponding to an antiferromagnetic transition. The M(H) curve measured up to 70 kOe exhibits an H-linear behavior at 2 K with very small induced magnetic moments, while it shows upward curvature with increasing temperature, implying the possible presence of a metamagnetic transition in high-field region above 70 kOe. As the temperature decreases, ρ(T) increases slowly at T > T N and decreases rapidly at T < T N, which can be understood based on a semiconductor-like narrow band gap model (or the c-f hybridization effect) and an antiferromagnetic spin-wave model, respectively. No evidence of heavy-fermion behavior or superconductivity transition is observed at temperatures as low as 0.4 K. The obtained experimental results are discussed by comparing with those reported for the isomorphic compound U2Ir3Si5 and the quasi-isomorphic compound U2Rh3Si5.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(6): 065602, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509814


The superconducting properties of rhombohedral LaIr3 were examined using susceptibility, resistivity, heat capacity, and zero-field (ZF) and transverse-field (TF) muon spin relaxation and rotation ([Formula: see text]SR) measurements. The susceptibility and resistivity measurements confirm a superconducting transition below [Formula: see text] K. Two successive transitions are observed in the heat capacity data, one at [Formula: see text] K and a second at 1.2 K below [Formula: see text]. The heat capacity jump is [Formula: see text], which is lower than 1.43 expected for Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) weak-coupling limit. TF-[Formula: see text]SR measurements reveal a fully gapped s-wave superconductivity with [Formula: see text], which is small compared to the BCS value of 3.56, suggesting weak-coupling superconductivity. The magnetic penetration depth, [Formula: see text], estimated from TF-[Formula: see text]SR gives [Formula: see text] nm, a superconducting carrier density [Formula: see text] carriers m-3 and a carrier effective-mass enhancement factor [Formula: see text]. ZF-[Formula: see text]SR data show no evidence for any spontaneous magnetic fields below [Formula: see text], which demonstrates that time-reversal symmetry is preserved in the superconducting state of LaIr3.