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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transperineal abdominoperineal excision (TpAPE) is an emerging approach for low rectal cancers but is technically challenging. Based on an anatomical study we conducted previously, we have standardized the TpAPE procedure. Here, we aimed to validate the feasibility of the standardized TpAPE by investigating the short-term outcomes. METHODS: From January 2018 to November 2020, a total of 405 patients underwent laparoscopic or robotic rectal resection for rectal cancer in our institution. For the current study, we analyzed data for the 31 patients who underwent TpAPE. The abdominal phase was performed synchronously with the perineal phase using either a laparoscopic or robotic approach. Short-term outcomes included operative and pathological results. RESULTS: Of the 31 cases, we identified anterior quadrant tumor invasion in 21. Most of the cases were advanced, with 6 staged as cT3 and 20 as T4. Of the 27 cases not involving distant metastasis, neoadjuvant therapy was performed in 19. No inadvertent rectal perforation or urethral injury was found intraoperatively. The median procedural duration to specimen removal was 250 min (interquartile range, 204-287), and the median intraoperative blood loss was 10 ml (interquartile range, 5-40). Regarding postoperative complications, perineal wound infection developed in 11 cases. A positive circumferential resection margin was found in 3, corresponding to the positive rate of 9.7%. These three cases were among the first 12 cases involving standardized TpAPE. CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicate that TpAPE can be performed safely and might represent a useful option for low rectal cancer resection.

3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(11): 1145-1165, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503684

RESUMO

Medial arterial calcification (MAC) is a chronic systemic vascular disorder distinct from atherosclerosis that is frequently but not always associated with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and aging. MAC is also a part of more complex phenotypes in numerous less common diseases. The hallmarks of MAC include disseminated and progressive precipitation of calcium phosphate within the medial layer, a prolonged and clinically silent course, and compromise of hemodynamics associated with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. MAC increases the risk of complications during vascular interventions and mitigates their outcomes. With the exception of rare monogenetic defects affecting adenosine triphosphate metabolism, MAC pathogenesis remains unknown, and causal therapy is not available. Implementation of genetics and omics-based approaches in research recognizing the critical importance of calcium phosphate thermodynamics holds promise to unravel MAC molecular pathogenesis and to provide guidance for therapy. The current state of knowledge concerning MAC is reviewed, and future perspectives are outlined.

4.
Future Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521223

RESUMO

Major advances have been made in coronary artery stent technology over the last decades. Drug-eluting stents reduced in-stent restenosis and have shown better outcomes compared with bare metal stents, yet some limitations still exist to their use. Because they delay healing of the vessel wall, longer dual antiplatelet therapy is mandatory to mitigate against stent thrombosis and this limitation is most concerning in subjects at high risk for bleeding. The COBRA PzF nanocoated coronary stent has been associated with accelerated endothelialization relative to drug-eluting stents, reduced inflammation and thromboresistance in preclinical studies, suggesting more flexible dual antiplatelet therapy requirement with potential benefits especially in those at high bleeding risk. Here, we discuss the significance of COBRA PzF in light of recent experimental and clinical studies.

5.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 56: 107384, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534669

RESUMO

We report an autopsy case of an 80-year-old woman who underwent left atrial appendage closure with a WATCHMAN (Boston Scientific, St. Paul, MN, USA) device. This is the first report of histologic assessment following left atrial appendage closure with a WATCHMAN device at 3 months. Gross and histopathological examinations revealed neoendocardial coverage of the WATCHMAN device. Partial endothelialization was verified by CD34 staining; however, it remains unclear when complete endothelialization is likely to occur.

6.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406326

RESUMO

Importance: The density of atherosclerotic plaque forms the basis for categorizing calcified and noncalcified morphology of plaques. Objective: To assess whether alterations in plaque across a range of density measurements provide a more detailed understanding of atherosclerotic disease progression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study enrolled 857 patients who underwent serial coronary computed tomography angiography 2 or more years apart and had quantitative measurements of coronary plaques throughout the entire coronary artery tree. The study was conducted from 2013 to 2016 at 13 sites in 7 countries. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was progression of plaque composition of individual coronary plaques. Six plaque composition types were defined on a voxel-level basis according to the plaque attenuation (expressed in Hounsfield units [HU]): low attenuation (-30 to 75 HU), fibro-fatty (76-130 HU), fibrous (131-350 HU), low-density calcium (351-700 HU), high-density calcium (701-1000 HU), and 1K (>1000 HU). The progression rates of these 6 compositional plaque types were evaluated according to the interaction between statin use and baseline plaque volume, adjusted for risk factors and time interval between scans. Plaque progression was also examined based on baseline calcium density. Analysis was performed among lesions matched at baseline and follow-up. Data analyses were conducted from August 2019 through March 2020. Results: In total, 2458 coronary lesions in 857 patients (mean [SD] age, 62.1 [8.7] years; 540 [63.0%] men; 548 [63.9%] received statin therapy) were included. Untreated coronary lesions increased in volume over time for all 6 compositional types. Statin therapy was associated with volume decreases in low-attenuation plaque (ß, -0.02; 95% CI, -0.03 to -0.01; P = .001) and fibro-fatty plaque (ß, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.04 to -0.02; P < .001) and greater progression of high-density calcium plaque (ß, 0.02; 95% CI, 0.01-0.03; P < .001) and 1K plaque (ß, 0.02; 95% CI, 0.01-0.03; P < .001). When analyses were restricted to lesions without low-attenuation plaque or fibro-fatty plaque at baseline, statin therapy was not associated with a change in overall calcified plaque volume (ß, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.08 to 0.02; P = .24) but was associated with a transformation toward more dense calcium. Interaction analysis between baseline plaque volume and calcium density showed that more dense coronary calcium was associated with less plaque progression. Conclusions and Relevance: The results suggest an association of statin use with greater rates of transformation of coronary atherosclerosis toward high-density calcium. A pattern of slower overall plaque progression was observed with increasing density. All findings support the concept of reduced atherosclerotic risk with increased densification of calcium.

7.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373159

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging has been used for blood flow assessment in anastomoses in the field of colorectal cancer surgery. However, whether ICG fluorescence is related to the presence of cancer cells in the lymph nodes is unclear. We explored the utilization of ICG fluorescence in colorectal cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ICG was injected into the submucosa around the tumor before radical resection in colorectal cancer patients. Intraoperatively, near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence was used for lymphatic flow visualization. After specimen removal, harvested lymph nodes were classified as positive or negative based on the detection of fluorescence, followed by pathological examination. ICG distribution on a section of each lymph node was examined by fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Overall, 155 patients underwent real-time NIR fluorescence imaging-guided surgery. Altogether, 1,017 lymph nodes were retrieved from these patients. Metastatic lymph nodes were present in 36 (5.8%) of 622 fluorescence-negative lymph nodes, which was significantly higher than 11 (2.8%) of 395 fluorescence-positive lymph nodes (odds ratio: 2.15, P = 0.03). Fluorescence microscopy of metastatic lymph nodes showed that ICG fluorescence was present in the normal structural region but not in the cancerous region of the lymph nodes. Furthermore, ICG fluorescence was observed in all metastatic lymph nodes, except those with cancer cells occupying >90% of the total area. CONCLUSIONS: ICG fluorescence detected only the normal parts of the lymph node draining from the peritumoral area and not the cancer tissues. This finding is important for developing appropriate strategies for navigation surgery using NIR fluorescence.

8.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 179, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few cases have been reported of colorectal cancer with inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) branching abnormalities; therefore, the lymphatic flow in such cases remains unknown. We report the first case of locally advanced rectal cancer in which the IMA arose from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in which we achieved to visualize the lymphatic flow. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman complaining of bloody stools was investigated in our hospital and suspected with rectal cancer. Colonoscopy and abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a circumscribed, localized ulcerative tumor in the rectum. 3-Dimensional contrast-enhanced computed tomography (3D-CT) showed that the IMA arose from the SMA. The patient was diagnosed with rectal cancer (cT3N0M0, cStage IIa) and laparoscopic low anterior resection was performed. The sigmoid colon was resected using the medial approach. Only the plexus of the colic branch of the lumbar splanchnic nerve was observed at the site where the root of the IMA usually exists and showed interruption of the indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-illuminated lymphatics. The root of the IMA was ligated, and Japanese D3 lymphadenectomy was performed, preserving the accessory middle colic artery. All fluorescent lymph nodes were resected. The pathological diagnosis was pT4aN1aM0 stage IIIb. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered, and the patient was recurrence-free at 1.5 years after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to perform safe and appropriate surgery oncologically, despite abnormal vascular anatomy, due to preoperative identification using 3D-CT and intraoperative navigation using ICG administration.

9.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(8): 725-737, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263701

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular events are one of the most serious consequences after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). More than half of the cerebrovascular events following TAVR are due to procedure-related emboli. Embolic protection devices (EPDs) have the potential to decrease cerebrovascular events during TAVR procedure. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have not conclusively determined if EPDs are effective, likely because of small number of patients enrolled. However, meta-analyses and propensity-matched analyses from large registries have shown efficacy and suggest the importance of EPDs in prevention of stroke during TAVR and perhaps other structural heart procedures. AREAS COVERED: This review will focus on clinical and histopathologic studies examining the efficacy, safety, and histopathologic device capture findings in the presence and absence of EPDs during TAVR procedures. EXPERT OPINION: Clinical studies have not conclusively determined the efficacy of EPDs. Current ongoing large-scale RCT (PROTECTED TAVR [NCT04149535]) has the potential to prove their efficacy. Histopathological evaluation of debris captured by EPDs contributes to our understanding of the mechanisms of TAVR procedure-related embolic events and suggests the importance of preventing cerebral embolization of debris released during this and other structural heart procedures.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Extremophiles ; 25(4): 393-402, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196829

RESUMO

Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) and threonine aldolase are classified as fold type I pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes and engaged in glycine biosynthesis from serine and threonine, respectively. The acidothermophilic archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum possesses two distinct SHMT genes, while there is no gene encoding threonine aldolase in its genome. In the present study, the two SHMT genes (Ta0811 and Ta1509) were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and Thermococcus kodakarensis, respectively, and biochemical properties of their products were investigated. Ta1509 protein exhibited dual activities to catalyze tetrahydrofolate (THF)-dependent serine cleavage and THF-independent threonine cleavage, similar to other SHMTs reported to date. In contrast, the Ta0811 protein lacks amino acid residues involved in the THF-binding motif and catalyzes only the THF-independent cleavage of threonine. Kinetic analysis revealed that the threonine-cleavage activity of the Ta0811 protein was 3.5 times higher than the serine-cleavage activity of Ta1509 protein. In addition, mRNA expression of Ta0811 gene in T. acidophilum was approximately 20 times more abundant than that of Ta1509. These observations suggest that retroaldol cleavage of threonine, mediated by the Ta0811 protein, has a major role in glycine biosynthesis in T. acidophilum.


Assuntos
Glicina Hidroximetiltransferase , Thermoplasma , Expressão Gênica , Glicina Hidroximetiltransferase/genética , Glicina Hidroximetiltransferase/metabolismo , Cinética , Serina , Thermoplasma/metabolismo
11.
Intern Med ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275984

RESUMO

Pollen-food allergy syndrome (PFAS) consists of type I allergy to pollen and multiple food items that are cross-reactive to the pollen. PFAS typically occurs in the oral cavity and can co-occur with eosinophilic esophagitis. However, it is infrequently reported to present with symptoms of eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE), such as abdominal pain and eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract. We herein report a patient with a condition initially suspected of being EGE based on symptoms and pathological findings that was later diagnosed as PFAS associated with birch pollen. PFAS should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with EGE-like symptoms.

13.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 42-49, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent clinical studies have suggested the feasibility of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for patients receiving drug-eluting stent (DES). Although our previous ex-vivo swine arteriovenous (AV) shunt studies under low dose heparin treatment suggested superior thromboresistance of fluoropolymer-coated everolimus-eluting stent (FP-EES) when compared to other polymer-based DESs, the relative thromboresistance of different DESs under single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) has never been examined. This study aimed to evaluate platelet adhesion under SAPT in competitive DESs in the in vitro flow loop model and ex vivo swine AV shunt model. METHODS: The thrombogenicity of FP-EES, BioLinx polymer zotarolimus-eluting stent (BL-ZES), and biodegradable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (BP-EES) was assessed acutely using the swine AV shunt model under aspirin or clopidogrel SAPT. Stents were immunostained using antibodies against platelets and inflammatory markers and evaluated by confocal microscopy. Also, the adhesion of platelet and albumin on the three DESs was assessed by an in-vitro flow loop model using human platelets under aspirin SAPT and fluorescent albumin, respectively. RESULTS: In the shunt model, FP-EES showed significantly less platelet and inflammatory cell adhesion than BL-ZES and BP-EES. In the flow loop model, FP-EES showed significantly less platelet coverage and more albumin adsorption than BL-ZES and BP-EES. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest FP-EES may have particular advantage for short-term DAPT compared to other DESs.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Animais , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Everolimo , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253719, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161392

RESUMO

Low-birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) babies are at a higher risk of poor educational achievement, disability, and metabolic diseases than normal-birthweight babies in the future. However, reliable data on factors that contribute to LBW have not been considered previously. Therefore, we aimed to examine the distribution of the causes for LBW. A retrospective review of cases involving 4,224 babies whose mothers underwent perinatal care at Keio University Hospital between 2013 and 2019 was conducted. The LBW incidence was 24% (1,028 babies). Of the 1,028 LBW babies, 231 babies were from multiple pregnancies. Of the 797 singleton LBW babies, 518 (65%) were born preterm. Obstetric complications in women with preterm LBW babies included premature rupture of membrane or labor onset (31%), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP, 64%), fetal growth restriction (24%), non-reassuring fetal status (14%), and placental previa/vasa previa (8%). Of the 279 term LBW babies, 109 (39%) were small for gestational age. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed the following factors as LBW risk factors in term neonates: low pre-pregnancy maternal weight, inadequate gestational weight gain, birth at 37 gestational weeks, HDP, anemia during pregnancy, female sex, and neonatal congenital anomalies. HDP was an LBW risk factor not only in preterm births but also in term births. Our results suggest that both modifiable and non-modifiable factors are causes for LBW. It may be appropriate to consider a heterogeneous rather than a simple classification of LBW and to evaluate future health risks based on contributing factors.

15.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(9): 1013-1022, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076677

RESUMO

Importance: Unexplained sudden cardiac death (SCD) describes SCD with no cause identified. Genetic testing helps to diagnose inherited cardiac diseases in unexplained SCD; however, the associations between pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of inherited cardiomyopathies (CMs) and arrhythmia syndromes and the risk of unexplained SCD in both White and African American adults living the United States has never been systematically examined. Objective: To investigate cases of unexplained SCD to determine the frequency of P/LP genetic variants of inherited CMs and arrhythmia syndromes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This genetic association study included 683 African American and White adults who died of unexplained SCD and were included in an autopsy registry. Overall, 413 individuals had DNA of acceptable quality for genetic sequencing. Data were collected from January 1995 to December 2015. A total of 30 CM genes and 38 arrhythmia genes were sequenced, and variants in these genes, curated as P/LP, were examined to study their frequency. Data analysis was performed from June 2018 to March 2021. Main Outcomes and Measures: The frequency of P/LP variants for CM or arrhythmia in individuals with unexplained SCD. Results: The median (interquartile range) age at death of the 413 included individuals was 41 (29-48) years, 259 (62.7%) were men, and 208 (50.4%) were African American adults. A total of 76 patients (18.4%) with unexplained SCD carried variants considered P/LP for CM and arrhythmia genes. In total, 52 patients (12.6%) had 49 P/LP variants for CM, 22 (5.3%) carried 23 P/LP variants for arrhythmia, and 2 (0.5%) had P/LP variants for both CM and arrhythmia. Overall, 41 P/LP variants for hypertrophic CM were found in 45 patients (10.9%), 9 P/LP variants for dilated CM were found in 11 patients (2.7%), and 10 P/LP variants for long QT syndrome were found in 11 patients (2.7%). No significant difference was found in clinical and heart characteristics between individuals with or without P/LP variants. African American and White patients were equally likely to harbor P/LP variants. Conclusions and Relevance: In this large genetic association study of community cases of unexplained SCD, nearly 20% of patients carried P/LP variants, suggesting that genetics may contribute to a significant number of cases of unexplained SCD. Our findings regarding both the association of unexplained SCD with CM genes and race-specific genetic variants suggest new avenues of study for this poorly understood entity.

16.
Endocr J ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108310

RESUMO

Interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), diagnosed in early pregnancy, have been a topic of controversy. This study aimed to elucidate factors that predict patients with GDM diagnosed before 24 gestational weeks (early GDM: E-GDM) who require insulin therapy later during pregnancy. Furthermore, we identified patients whose impaired glucose tolerance should be strictly controlled from early gestation onward. Women diagnosed with GDM were categorized based on the gestational age at diagnosis into E-GDM (n = 388) or late GDM (L-GDM, diagnosed after 24 weeks, n = 340) groups. Clinical features were compared between the groups, and the predictors for insulin therapy was evaluated in the E-GDM group. There were no significant between-group differences in terms of perinatal outcomes (e.g., gestational weeks at delivery, fetal growth, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy), with the exception of the Apgar score at 5 min. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the frequency of insulin therapy during pregnancy between the two groups. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2, a family history of diabetes, and higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 1 h-plasma glucose (PG), and 2 h-PG values increased insulin therapy risk during pregnancy in the E-GDM group. Furthermore, since E-GDM patients with abnormal levels of FPG, as well as 1 h-PG or 2 h-PG, and those with pre-pregnancy BMI ≥25 kg/m2 and a family history of diabetes had a higher risk of later insulin therapy during pregnancy, they may require more careful follow-up in the perinatal period.

17.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 61(7): 393-396, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024879

RESUMO

The effectiveness of adenosine-induced flow arrest in surgical clipping for the cerebral aneurysms with difficulties in temporary clip placement to the proximal main trunk has been reported. This is the first clinical trial to evaluate the safety and feasibility of adenosine-assisted clipping surgery for unruptured cerebral aneurysms (UCAs) in Japan. The inclusion criteria are as follows: patients over 20 years old, patients who agree to be enrolled in this study after providing informed consent, patients who undergo clipping surgery for UCA in our institute, and patients in whom the surgeons (T.H. or I.D.) judge that decompression of the aneurysm is effective. The primary endpoint is a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score 30 days after surgery. We plan to enroll 10 patients in this study. The original protocol of adenosine administration was established in this trial. Herein, we present the study protocol.

18.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 41(7): 2201-2214, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039022
19.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 132(2): 120-124, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023220

RESUMO

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system is a valuable genome editing tool for microorganisms. However, the commonly used Cas9 nuclease derived from Streptococcus pyogenes (SpCas9) is not applicable to many industrially relevant bacteria, due to its cytotoxicity and large size (1368 amino acids [aa]). We developed an alternative genome editing system using a miniature Cas12f1 nuclease (529 aa) derived from an uncultured archaeon, Un1Cas12f1. When editing four dispensable genes in Escherichia coli MG1655 and BW25113, the CRISPR/Un1Cas12f1 system showed higher efficiency (63%-100%) than the CRISPR/SpCas9 system (50%-79%). The CRISPR/Un1Cas12f1 genome editing system is expected to be applied to the genome editing of a wide variety of bacteria.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Streptococcus pyogenes/genética
20.
Transplant Proc ; 53(6): 2046-2051, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few reports have provided the ages of pancreas transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to determine whether recipient age affects survival of pancreatic grafts after transplantation. METHODS: We analyzed 73 patients who had undergone pancreas transplantation at our institution from August 2001 to March 2020 and assessed the effects of recipient age on pancreas graft survival within 5 years after pancreas transplantation. RESULTS: The cutoff value for recipient age established by receiver operating characteristic curve was 35 years. The pancreas graft survival rate of recipients aged 35 years or younger (1, 3, and 5 years: 72.9%, 41.7%, and 41.7%, respectively) was significantly lower than that of recipients aged over 35 years (1, 3, and 5 years: 93.2%, 88.4%, and 88.4%, respectively). Multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis showed that recipient age 35 years or younger (hazard ratio = 3.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-12.50; P = .044) and solitary pancreas transplantation (hazard ratio = 10.72; 95% confidence interval, 2.72-42.28; P < .001) were significant risk factors for pancreas graft loss within 5 years. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that younger recipient age is a risk factor for pancreas graft loss after transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pâncreas , Adulto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Transplante de Pâncreas/efeitos adversos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplantados , Resultado do Tratamento
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