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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 957-964, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To describe real clinical outcomes when using systemic therapy to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who have anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene mutation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review from April 2008 to March 2019 sourced from 16 medical institutes that cover a population of three million people. RESULTS: There were 129 ALK rearranged NSCLC patients. Among them, 103 patients including 40 recurrent disease cases received ALK-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and chemotherapy. Our treatment results were comparable to previously reported clinical trials and clinical practice studies. First-line alectinib, treatment sequence of ALK-TKI followed by another ALK-TKI, and pemetrexed-containing chemotherapy contributed to the outcome of treatment. CONCLUSION: By arrangement of treatment such as treatment sequence of ALK-TKI and chemotherapy regimen, it might be possible to obtain a treatment outcome almost equivalent to those of clinical trials even in real clinical practice.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 413-419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In patients with lung cancer, there has been no study that treated 'distant metastases' as 'metastatic patterns'. This study aimed to evaluate if specific 'metastatic patterns' exist in lung cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from lung cancer patients between 2009 and 2018. Metastatic patterns were analyzed using cluster analysis in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma, those with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and those with squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC). RESULTS: In 313 patients (127 patients with EGFR mutation, 87 patients with SCLC, and 99 patients with SqCLC), metastatic patterns existed in each of the three subset groups, and metastatic patterns of these groups were statistically different. CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the metastatic patterns might be useful for clinical practice in the foreseeable future, as it enables a more efficient detection of metastatic disease through imaging, and a more effective treatment at predicted metastatic sites.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise por Conglomerados , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Probabilidade
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 421-426, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Distant organ metastases do not occur at random in lung cancer. A retrospective study was conducted in order to evaluate 1) what kinds of metastatic patterns exist in three different types of lung cancer, and 2) whether metastatic patterns affected prognosis in the different types of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from all consecutive patients with diagnosed lung cancer between April 2009 and October 2018 in our hospitals. Cluster analysis was performed to classify patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards model were used. RESULTS: Epidermal growth factor-mutated adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer, and squamous cell lung cancer had different 'metastatic patterns', survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors, respectively. CONCLUSION: There might be different metastatic patterns, survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors in each pathological and genetic type of lung cancer. It is worthwhile carrying out diagnostic imaging and treatment considering information on metastatic patterns.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the longer-term trends in childhood obesity and hyperlipidemia among residents of Fukushima Prefecture 5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We evaluated the changes in height, weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI SD score, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-CHO), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-CHO), and triglyceride (TG) in residents aged 7 to 15 years who had lived in the evacuation zone between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: 1) The mean BMI SD score in all residents in 2011 was 0.113, and the mean BMI SD score in all residents gradually decreased from 2011 to 2015. 2) Serum LDL-CHO levels and TG levels in all residents with a BMI value≧+2SD in 2011 were higher than those in residents with a BMI value < +2SD. 3) The frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2012, 2013, 2014 did not decrease in comparison with that in 2011, whereas the frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2015 was lower than that in 2011. The frequency of residents with a TG level ≧120 mg/dl increased over the 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a number of pediatric residents suffered from obesity and hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, the long-term observation indicated an improvement in obesity, although the improvement in lipid abnormalities was delayed compared with that in obesity. Thus, it is necessary to continue with health checks for these residents with obesity and/or hyperlipidemia.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
7.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(1): 178-183, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653346

RESUMO

The emergence of bihormonal (BH) cells expressing insulin and glucagon has been reported under diabetic conditions in humans and mice. Whereas lineage tracing studies demonstrated that glucagon-producing α cells can be reprogrammed into BH cells, the underlying dynamics of the conversion process remain poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the identities of pancreatic endocrine cells by genetic lineage tracing under diabetic conditions. When ß-cell ablation was induced by alloxan (ALX), a time-dependent increase in BH cells was subsequently observed. Lineage tracing experiments demonstrated that BH cells originate from α cells, but not from ß cells, in ALX-induced diabetic mice. Notably, supplemental insulin administration into diabetic mice resulted in a significant increase in α-cell-derived insulin-producing cells that did not express glucagon. Furthermore, lineage tracing in Ins2Akita diabetic mice demonstrated a significant induction of α-to-ß conversion. Thus, adult α cells have plasticity, which enables them to be reprogrammed into insulin-producing cells under diabetic conditions, and this can be modulated by supplemental insulin administration.

8.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 389-392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are indicated for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck cancer, and combined treatment of immune checkpoint inhibitor and chemotherapy has recently been carried out in patients with NSCLC. However, there is no established standard therapy for synchronous locally advanced or metastatic cancers of lung and nasopharynx. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma successfully treated with chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor, paclitaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab and atezolizumab. The tumor proportion score of programmed death ligand 1 was 5-10% and 70-80% for metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma, respectively. Shrinkage of both carcinomas was confirmed, and the treatment effect was judged to be a partial response. CONCLUSION: This was the first patient who was treated with this combination treatment. Our clinical experience suggests that this treatment could be one of the options for patients with these advanced cancers and an overall good clinical condition.

9.
Adv Respir Med ; 87(5): 301-304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680231

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer is arare disease. Among them, asubset of patients exist who exhibit relatively slowly progressing symptoms and have oligo-metastases. In this article, we present two cases of ALK rearran-ged lung adenocarcinoma in patients who experienced postoperative oligo-recurrence. Both cases were treated with surgical resection and gamma knife irradiation for oligo-recurrence. After local therapy, the first patient remained disease free for over 23 months; the second for over 18 months. It appears that some patients with ALK rearranged NSCLC experience oligo-recurrence in their clinical course. For such patients, appropriate local therapy may be beneficial in improving both the quality of life and the prognosis.

12.
Tuberk Toraks ; 67(2): 142-145, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414646

RESUMO

The adrenal gland is a common site for metastasis from non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Adrenal metastases are usually solitary, asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during staging of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Huge but sole adrenal gland metastasis with rapid growth and local invasion is extremely rare and those occurring in the setting of NSCLC have not been reported previously. Herein we describe a 66 year old male patient with NSCLC who had huge but sole adrenal gland metastasis with rapid growth and local invasion and extension into stomach, pancreas and left kidney. Interestingly there was no increase in the primary lesion of NSCLC. These findings were confirmed by autopsy. Despite the occurrence of an adrenal gland metastasis with considerable size being rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis, even if there is no involvement of the other organ and the primary lesion is of a small size.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Idoso , Autopsia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Radiografia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Tuberk Toraks ; 67(2): 149-150, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414648
16.
Oncol Lett ; 18(1): 962-966, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289575

RESUMO

We report herein a rare case of massive pleural effusion caused by papillary thyroid cancer, which was accompanied by multiple pulmonary metastasis. A 91-year-old male patient presented with shortness of breath due to massive right pleural fluid. Cytological specimens, which were obtained from pleural fluid by thoracentesis, and was consistent with that observed in surgically resected thyroid cancer 6-year previously. Immunocytochemical staining of the cells was positive for cytokeratin (CK)-7, CK-19, and positive for thyroglobulin. Massive pleural fluid due to a metastatic from papillary thyroid cancer is very rare but may develop in long-term survivors with this disease as observed in this case.

17.
Diabetol Int ; 10(3): 153-179, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275782

RESUMO

To ensure that experiences and lessons learned from the unprecedented 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake are used to improve future disaster planning, the Japan Diabetes Society (JDS) launched the "Research and Survey Committee for Establishing Disaster Diabetes Care Systems Based on Relevant Findings from the Great East Japan Earthquake" under the supervision of the Chairman of the JDS. The Committee conducted a questionnaire survey among patients with diabetes, physicians, disaster medical assistance teams (DMATs), nurses, pharmacists, and nutritionists in disaster areas about the events they saw happening, the situations they found difficult to handle, and the needs that they felt required to be met during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. A total of 3,481 completed questionnaires were received. Based on these and other experiences and lessons reported following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu Earthquakes, the current "Manual for Disaster Diabetes Care" has been developed by the members of the Committee and other invited authors from relevant specialties. To our knowledge, the current Manual is the world's first to focus on emergency diabetes care, with this digest English version translated from the Japanese original. It is sincerely hoped that patients with diabetes and healthcare providers around the world will find this manual helpful in promoting disaster preparedness and implementing disaster relief.

19.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1369-1372, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify, using logistic analysis, the factors associated with distant metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer patients carrying mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis up to their death and during the period from April 2009 to March 2019, were included in this study. Clinical charts and imaging studies were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 64 patients during the research period. The factors associated with pleural metastasis were "female" and "no bone metastasis". The factor associated with brain metastasis was "lung metastasis". The factors associated with liver metastasis were "age under 70" and "Exon 19 deletion". CONCLUSION: Knowing the factors associated with distant metastasis will provide useful information to conduct targeted and efficient imaging studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8210, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160664

RESUMO

Although many studies that have examined the relationship of type and amount of food and the frequency of eating with new onset of diabetes, there are few reports on the relationship between how meals are eaten, such as skipping breakfast, snacking or food ingestion speed, and the onset of diabetes. We investigated the relationship between eating speed, as well as other eating habits such as snacking and skip breakfast, and new onset of diabetes in a nation-wide Japanese cohort. We obtained data from the nation-wide annual health check program in Japan. In 197,825 participants without diabetes in 2008, questionnaires recorded data on the diet habits (eating speed, snack after supper or before sleep, and skipping breakfast) and unadjusted and multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models were used to measure the odds ratio of new-onset diabetes mellitus in a 3-year follow up. The proportion of fast eaters, those who snack after supper, snack before sleep, and skip breakfast was higher in the new-onset diabetes group than in the group who did not develop diabetes mellitus. As compared with the non-fast eater group, fast eaters were generally younger, had higher BMI, had more weight gain from 20 years onwards, and experienced frequent weight fluctuations of ≥3 kg within 1 year. The risk of fast eaters developing diabetes mellitus remained even after correction for multiple factors including age, body weight, rate of weight change, blood pressure, smoking, and alcohol consumption. No other eating habits were independent predictors for onset of diabetes mellitus. Results show that fast eating is a sole predisposing factor among eating habits for new-onset diabetes. Future studies were warranted to evaluate whether avoidance of fast eating is beneficial for prevention of diabetes mellitus.

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