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1.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1151-1159, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024886

RESUMO

The purpose of this multicenter clinical study was to compare the mid-term clinical effectiveness of direct resin composite restorations using one-step or two-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs or 2-SEAs). In total, 352 restorations of class I-V cavities and non-carious cervical lesions in vital teeth (1-SEAs; 52 cases, 2-SEAs; 300 cases) were placed at nine university hospitals and evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. The recall rates were 86.6% (1 year), 80.1% (2 years), and 62.2% (3 years). Two restorations failed due to fracture during the follow-up, and there was no significant difference in survival rates between 1-SEAs (97.6%) and 2-SEAs (99.4%). However, 2-SEAs exhibited significantly lower occurrences of discoloration, marginal discoloration, fracture, and plaque retention. Moreover, the subjects reported a significantly lower postoperative hypersensitivity and higher overall satisfaction at all evaluation periods if 2-SEAs were used.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Oral Sci ; 62(2): 197-201, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224572

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to observe growth of the mandibular condyle, mandibular fossa, and articular disc as a single unit. Changes in each component's relative position and size were observed using 7-tesla MRI. Mandibular condyle chondrocytes' growth was evaluated with immunohistochemistry, using the expression of zinc transporter ZIP13. Three-dimensional T1-weighted (T1w) MRI was used to obtain images of the TMJ of Sprague Dawley rats at 4-78 days old (P4-78) with a voxel resolution of 65 µm. Two-dimensional T1w MR images were acquired after a subcutaneous injection of the contrast reagent gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA). The T1w MR images showed that the mandibular condyle was located posterior to the mandibular fossa until P20; however, it then moved to a location underneath the mandibular fossa. In the Gd-DTPA enhanced images, the articular disc was identified as a region with lower signal intensity from P20. The number of ZIP13-positive chondrocytes at P6 was larger than the number at P24. In conclusion, the mandibular condyle with cartilage and disc grows on the posterior side of the mandibular fossa until P20, which was the weaning age. Then, the condyle fit into the mandibular fossa and completed the functional unit.


Assuntos
Côndilo Mandibular , Articulação Temporomandibular , Animais , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Desmame
3.
J Infect Chemother ; 26(5): 451-458, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870586

RESUMO

Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common bacteria causing community-acquired pneumonia and meningitis. The use of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) has reduced the incidence of pneumococcal disease while changing pneumococcal population through herd immunity and non-vaccine pneumococci replacement. This study investigated molecular epidemiologic characteristics of pneumococcal strains in the Kinki region of Japan from 2008 to 2013. A total of 159 invasive pneumococcal isolates were characterized by serotyping, antibiotic susceptibility testing, PCR analysis of penicillin-binding protein genes, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). In adult populations, pediatric PCV7 introduction decreased isolates expressing PCV7 serotypes via herd immunity and increased isolates expressing non-PCV7 serotypes. The rate of penicillin resistance and isolates with alterations in all three pbp genes was higher in PCV7 type isolates than in non-PCV7 type isolates. In MLST analysis, all of serotype 19F isolates were of the same sequence type, ST236, which is the antimicrobial-resistant clone Taiwan19F-14, and the majority of serotypes 23F and 19A isolates were of ST1437 and ST3111 respectively, which are the predominant clones of antimicrobial-resistant pneumococci in Japan. In PFGE profiles, serotype 6B-ST2224, serotype 19F-ST236, serotype 19A-ST3111, and serotype 23F-ST1437 formed six separate clusters composed of genetically identical strains, and genetically identical serotype 22F-ST433 formed two different clusters between the pre- and post-PCV7 period. The results of molecular analysis suggest the spread and persistence of these identical antimicrobial resistant clones in the Kinki region and genetic changes of epidemic clone serotype 22F-ST433 before and after pediatric PCV7 introduction.


Assuntos
Vacina Pneumocócica Conjugada Heptavalente/uso terapêutico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae/classificação , Streptococcus pneumoniae/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/genética , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/microbiologia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/prevenção & controle , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Japão/epidemiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Epidemiologia Molecular , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Resistência às Penicilinas , Proteínas de Ligação às Penicilinas/genética , Infecções Pneumocócicas/genética , Infecções Pneumocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Sorogrupo , Sorotipagem , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Vacinas Conjugadas/uso terapêutico
4.
J Infect Chemother ; 24(3): 171-176, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29361416

RESUMO

The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced among children in Japan in 2010. There are no long-term multicenter surveillance studies of antimicrobial resistance in S. pneumoniae before and after the introduction of PCV7. Therefore, we examined chronological trends in antimicrobial resistance among 4534 strains of S. pneumoniae isolated from both children and adults in the Kinki region of Japan during 2001-2015. High-level penicillin and third-generation cephalosporin resistance in S. pneumoniae increased among both children and adults during the period before the introduction of PCV7 (2001-2010). Besides penicillin and cephalosporin, pneumococcal carbapenem and macrolide resistance increased among children. The rate of resistance to these antibiotics was higher among children than among adults. The introduction of PCV7 decreased the rate of non-susceptibility to ß-lactam antibiotics and the rate of multidrug resistant S. pneumoniae among children, but not among adults.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Vacina Pneumocócica Conjugada Heptavalente/administração & dosagem , Infecções Pneumocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Carbapenêmicos/uso terapêutico , Cefalosporinas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Penicilinas/uso terapêutico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Streptococcus pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus pneumoniae/imunologia
5.
J Infect Chemother ; 24(4): 262-266, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29248418

RESUMO

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are increasing worldwide. Rapid and accurate detection of CPE is necessary for appropriate antimicrobial treatment and hospital infection control. However, CPE contains some strains that are difficult to detect depending on genotype and MIC value of carbapenem, and a detection method has not been established. The recently reported modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) has been developed in CLSI M100-S27 as a phenotypic technique for detecting carbapenemase activity. In the present study, we examined mCIM as a new CPE detection method using 207 Enterobacteriaceae isolates in comparison with the three existing screening methods of modified Hodge test, Carba NP test and carbapenem inactivation method and evaluated its performance. Consequently, both the sensitivity and specificity of mCIM were 100%, indicating better results than the conventional screening methods. The mCIM is a useful tool for microbiology laboratories due to its simplicity, clear criteria, cost-effectiveness and availability at any laboratory.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/métodos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/isolamento & purificação , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/economia , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/classificação , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/enzimologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Ensaios Enzimáticos/economia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
J Infect Chemother ; 23(1): 40-44, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27769645

RESUMO

Six Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates resistant to various cephalosporins and cephamycins were identified in a Japanese general hospital, a tertiary care hospital, between November 2009 and April 2010. All K. pneumoniae isolates carried blaGES-4 and blaSHV-1, while 2 K. pneumoniae isolates also harbored blaCTX-M-15. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns revealed that these 6 K. pneumoniae isolates were almost identical, suggesting their clonal relatedness. Plasmid profiles and conjugation assays revealed that these blaGES-4 genes were located on similar conjugative plasmids. These data indicate that nosocomial spread caused by K. pneumoniae isolates producing blaGES-4 carbapenemase occurred at a Japanese general hospital. K. pneumoniae isolate harboring blaGES-4 is rarely reported in Japan, and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the second report of K. pneumoniae isolates harboring blaGES-4 that occurred nosocomial spread in Japan.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolismo , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cefalosporinas/metabolismo , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado/métodos , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasmídeos/metabolismo
7.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 26(11): 930-933, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27726524

RESUMO

AIM: Scoliosis, which is often associated with neurological impairment in children, sometimes makes it difficult to perform laparoscopic procedures. This study assessed the impact of scoliosis on performing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. METHODS: Medical records and radiographic examinations of patients who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication at a single institution from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients' data on age at surgery, height, weight, duration of pneumoperitoneum, and amount of bleeding were collected. The Cobb angle was measured using X-rays, and the direction (right or left) of the scoliotic curve was recorded. The chest compression ratio was calculated using computed tomography axial images. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were included and analyzed in this study, of which 89% were neurologically impaired. Median age, height, and weight were 120 months, 110 cm, and 17 kg, respectively. A positive correlation between age and the Cobb angle (ρ = 0.64) and a negative correlation between age and the chest compression ratio (ρ = -0.56) were observed. The right-curved scoliotic group showed significantly more bleeding than the nonscoliotic (<10°) group (P = .01; nonscoliotic, 0 mL; right curved, 7.5 mL; left curved, 0 mL). The severe scoliotic group (≥45°) showed more bleeding than the nonscoliotic group (P = .02). Neither the direction of the scoliotic curve nor scoliotic severity showed a significant difference in the duration of pneumoperitoneum. CONCLUSIONS: The older the patient, the more severe their scoliosis and chest compression were. Right-curved or severe scoliosis could be risk factors for intraoperative bleeding in laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.


Assuntos
Fundoplicatura/métodos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Pneumoperitônio Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Jpn J Antibiot ; 69(2): 101-10, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27544978

RESUMO

A study was conducted of the 1,225 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains that were isolated at 20 medical institutions in the Kinki district between 2011 and 2013 to determine their antimicrobial susceptibility and to characterize the strains of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP) and the metallo-ß-lactamase (MBL) -producing strains. The MIC50/MIC90 values (µg/mL) of the various antimicrobial agents were as follows: imipenem, 2/>8; meropenem, 1/>8; doripenem, 0.5/8; biapenem, 1/>8; tazobactam/piperacillin, 8/>64; piperacillin, 8/>64; sulbactam/cefoperazone, 8/64; cefepime, 4/16; cefozopran, 2/>16; aztreonam, 8/>16; amikacin, 4/16; levofloxacin, 1/>4; and ciprofloxacin, 0.25/>2. From the viewpoint of the annual changes in the susceptibility rates (according to the CLSI guidelines [M100-S22]), the susceptibility to tazobactam/piperacillin, piperacillin, cefepime, cefozopran and aztreonam decreased in 2013. On the other hand, two antimicrobial agents showed high susceptibility rates each year; amikacin (94.0-95.6%) showed the highest rate, followed by doripenem (80.3-82.6%). With the exception of amikacin, there were substantial inter-institutional differences in antimicrobial susceptibility. In comparison to the previous CLSI guidelines (M100-S21), the new CLSI guidelines (M100-S22) on the use of carbapenems and penicillins show that the MIC80 has been affected. The MDRP detection rates in 2011, 2012 and 2013 were 1.8% (8 strains), 1.8% (8 strains), and 2.8% (10 strains), respectively. The MBL detection rates were as follows: bla(VIM-2), 0.2% (1 strain) in 2011; bla(IMP-1), 0.9% (4 strains) in 2012, and 1.7% (6 strains, including bla(IMP-1) [3 strains], bla(IMP-2) [2 strains] and bla(VIM-2) [1 strain]) in 2013.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolamento & purificação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Humanos , Japão , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Magn Reson Med Sci ; 14(2): 115-22, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25500776

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We analyzed the anatomical structure of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and molecular weight dependency of synovial membrane permeability in mice using 7-tesla magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: We obtained 3-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted gradient echo (3D-T1W) and 3D T2-weighted rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (3D-T2W RARE) MR images of the TMJ of male C57BL6 mice with voxel resolution of 65 µm. Two-dimensional (2D) T1w images were measured every 45 s before and after bolus intravenous (IV) injection of contrast reagents: gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA; 0.5 kDa); oligomer-based contrast agent (CH3-DTPA-Gd; 2.1 kDa); gadolinium-labeled polylysine (Gd-polylysine; 10 kDa); and gadolinium-labeled albumin (Gd-albumin; 74 kDa). RESULTS: T1W images depicted the temporal bone and mandibular condyle as regions with lower signal intensity and the disc as a region of intermediate intensity. In the Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1W and T2W images, the articular disc could be identified as a region with lower signal intensity than that of the upper and lower joint cavities. After IV injection of Gd-DTPA or CH3-DTPA-Gd, the signal intensity of the joint cavities increased within 10 min, but this increase was not shown with Gd-polylysine and Gd-albumin. CONCLUSION: The structural findings obtained by MR imaging agreed with those obtained by hematoxylin-eosin staining under light microscopy. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging suggested that smaller (<2.1 kDa) but not larger (>10 kDa) molecules can permeate the synovial membrane. Our results suggest the utility of MR imaging for analyzing the structure of the TMJ as well as permeability of the synovial membrane.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Membrana Sinovial/anatomia & histologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/anatomia & histologia , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Albuminas/farmacocinética , Animais , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Meios de Contraste/farmacocinética , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Gadolínio DTPA/farmacocinética , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Côndilo Mandibular/anatomia & histologia , Côndilo Mandibular/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Peso Molecular , Permeabilidade , Polilisina/administração & dosagem , Polilisina/análogos & derivados , Polilisina/farmacocinética , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia , Osso Temporal/metabolismo , Articulação Temporomandibular/metabolismo , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/anatomia & histologia , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/metabolismo
10.
J Infect Chemother ; 20(1): 48-51, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24462425

RESUMO

With the increase in extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in the community, cases are often seen in which treatment of infectious diseases with oral antimicrobial agents is difficult. Therefore, we measured the antimicrobial activities of 14 currently available oral antimicrobial agents against ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Based on the standard of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), E. coli showed high susceptibility rates of 99.4% to faropenem (FRPM). In terms of fluoroquinolones, the susceptibility rate of E. coli to levofloxacin (LVFX) was low at 32.2%, whereas it showed a good susceptibility rate of 93.1% to sitafloxacin (STFX). With respect to other antimicrobial agents, susceptibility rates to fosfomycin (FOM) and colistin (CL) were more than 90% each, whereas rates of the two antimicrobial agents expected as therapeutic agents, minocycline (MINO) and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (ST), were low at 62.4% and 44.3%, respectively. Based on the CLSI standard, K. pneumoniae showed high susceptibility rates to ceftibuten (CETB) (91.89%), LVFX (86.49%), and STFX (94.6%), indicating that K. pneumoniae showed higher rates than those of E. coli, particularly to fluoroquinolones. Comparison of susceptibility rates according to E. coli genotype showed that many antimicrobial agents existed to which the CTX-M-9 group showed high susceptibility rates. However, there were many agents to which the CTX-M-1 group showed low susceptibility rates, particularly to CETB (51.1%) and LVFX (17.0%). Although there was no significant difference by genotype between FRPM, STFX, and FOM, a significant difference was observed between LVFX, MINO, and ST. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria with highly pathogenic strains have spread in the community, appropriate use of oral antimicrobial agents is required.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos
11.
Rinsho Byori ; 61(2): 127-34, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23672090

RESUMO

In team medicine, highly specialized pharmacists have recently been in demand. As one of the specialties, there is therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). It is important for the optimal dosing of a wide range of drugs. In our hospital, a TDM service was started in 1987 at the clinical laboratory. A clinical laboratory technologist with the license of a pharmacist has performed administration plans for anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) drugs, vancomycin, teicoplanin, and arbekacin. In particular, the pharmacist in charge of TDM services, a TDM-specialized pharmacist, plays a central role in administration plans for anti MRSA drugs. Furthermore, we examined the active use of the TDM service to expand pharmaceutical care. Therefore, at first, we have worked in partnership with the clinical laboratory, as it is called the "Cooperation Support System", since September 2010. As a result, after the introduction of this system, from August 2011 to July 2012, the rate that the doctor referred to the administration plan was markedly improved by approximately 90%. We have been able to enhance TDM in practical training for pharmacology as an extension of this system. We thought that drug therapy can be performed more appropriately by increasing the number of executions of TDM in the future. For drug therapy to be done more appropriately, efforts made through cooperation with the clinical laboratory are essential for an effective TDM system. Naturally, an effective TDM process requires a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach with input from doctors, nurses, and clinical pharmacists.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Laboratórios Hospitalares , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacêuticos , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Hospitais , Humanos , Assistência Farmacêutica
12.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 137(4): 620-6, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22431539

RESUMO

In the present study, nonduplicate, clinical isolates of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Proteus mirabilis were collected during a 10-year period from 2000 to 2009 at several hospitals in the Kinki region, Japan. The detection rate of E coli markedly increased from 0.24% to 7.25%. The detection rate of Klebsiella pneumoniae increased from 0% to 2.44% and that of P mirabilis from 6.97% to 12.85%. The most frequently detected genotypes were the CTX-M9 group for E coli, the CTX-M2 group for K pneumoniae, and the CTX-M2 group for P mirabilis. E coli clone O25:H4-ST131 producing CTX-M-15, which is spreading worldwide, was first detected in 2007. The most common replicon type of E coli was the IncF type, particularly FIB, detected in 466 strains (69.7%). Of the K pneumoniae strains, 47 (55.3%) were of the IncN type; 77 P mirabilis strains (96.3%) were of the IncT type. In the future, the surveillance of various resistant bacteria, mainly ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, should be expanded to prevent their spread.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Infecções por Klebsiella/epidemiologia , Klebsiella/genética , Infecções por Proteus/epidemiologia , Proteus mirabilis/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Escherichia coli/genética , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Klebsiella/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Klebsiella/genética , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Epidemiologia Molecular , Infecções por Proteus/genética , Infecções por Proteus/microbiologia , Proteus mirabilis/isolamento & purificação
13.
Arch Oral Biol ; 56(11): 1382-9, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21549351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: High magnetic field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was applied to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the rat. The purpose of this study was the depiction of the internal structure of the TMJ, including the articular disc, articular cartilage, and the upper and lower joint cavities. We also proposed MRI settings and slices suitable for imaging the TMJ in the rat. METHODS: Temporomandibular joints from one female and eight male Sprague Dawley rats (5-8 weeks old) and four male Wistar-Hamamatsu rats (7-8 weeks old) were used. Using scout images, the horizontal plane was defined as being parallel to the body of the basisphenoid bone underneath the base of the brain. The coronal plane was defined as a slice vertical to the horizontal plane and vertical to the longitudinal fissure of the cerebrum. The sagittal plane was defined as a slice vertical to the horizontal plane and parallel to the longitudinal fissure of the cerebrum. RESULTS: T(1)-weighted MR images with a spatial resolution of 75 µm were obtained for 5 min. The temporal bone and mandibular condyle were depicted as lower signal intensity images and the articular disc was depicted as an intermediate signal intensity image. In accordance with Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR or T(2)-weighted MR images, the articular disc, articular cartilage, and the upper and lower joint cavities could be assigned clearly. CONCLUSION: These MRI findings closely agreed with those observed with haematoxylin-eosin staining under light microscopy, suggesting that MRI is a useful method for analyzing the complex structure of the TMJ in the rat.


Assuntos
Articulação Temporomandibular/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/anatomia & histologia , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Côndilo Mandibular/anatomia & histologia , Microscopia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/anatomia & histologia
14.
Jpn J Antibiot ; 64(6): 367-81, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22686007

RESUMO

The antimicrobial activity of 18 antimicrobial agents were measured for the 500 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains that had been isolated from various clinical specimens in 17 medical institutions in the Kinki district from April to July of 2008. The antimicrobial activity was excellent in the order of tobramycin (TOB), arbekacin (ABK), doripenem (DRPM), gentamicin (GM) and amikacin (AMK). Susceptible rate that was interpreted by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) was high in the order of AMK, TOB, tazobactam/piperacillin (TAZ/PIPC), DRPM, ABK. Also, the difference in susceptible rate was observed between departments, materials and institutions. Multidrug resistant strains were only 12 (2.4%) but strains that had resistance to 2 agents were 48 (9.6%), therefore, implementation of further surveillance should be continued.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolamento & purificação , Sangue/microbiologia , Sistema Digestório/microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Pacientes Internados , Japão , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Sistema Respiratório/microbiologia , Sistema Urinário/microbiologia
16.
J Clin Microbiol ; 48(9): 3267-73, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20610688

RESUMO

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases (PABLs), and plasmid-mediated metallo-beta-lactamases confer resistance to many beta-lactams. In Japan, although several reports exist on the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and metallo-beta-lactamases, the prevalence and characteristics of PABLs remain unknown. To investigate the production of PABLs, a total of 22,869 strains of 4 enterobacterial species, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Proteus mirabilis, were collected during six 6-month periods from 17 clinical laboratories in the Kinki region of Japan. PABLs were detected in 29 (0.13%) of 22,869 isolates by the 3-dimensional test, PCR analysis, and DNA sequencing analysis. PABL-positive isolates were detected among isolates from 13 laboratories. Seventeen of 13,995 (0.12%) E. coli isolates, 8 of 5,970 (0.13%) K. pneumoniae isolates, 3 of 1,722 (0.17%) K. oxytoca isolates, and 1 of 1,182 (0.08%) P. mirabilis isolates were positive for PABLs. Of these 29 PABL-positive strains, 20 (69.0%), 6 (20.7%), 2 (6.9%), and 1 (3.4%) carried the genes for CMY-2, DHA-1, CMY-8, and MOX-1 PABLs, respectively. Pattern analysis of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA and pulsed-field gel electrophoretic analysis revealed that the prevalence of CMY-2-producing E. coli strains was not due to epidemic strains and that 3 DHA-1-producing K. pneumoniae strains were identical, suggesting their clonal relatedness. In conclusion, the DHA-1 PABLs were predominantly present in K. pneumoniae strains, but CMY-2 PABLs were predominantly present in E. coli strains. The present findings will provide significant information to assist in preventing the emergence and further spread of PABL-producing bacteria.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Klebsiella/enzimologia , Plasmídeos/análise , Proteus mirabilis/enzimologia , beta-Lactamases/biossíntese , beta-Lactamases/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Impressões Digitais de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Japão , Klebsiella/efeitos dos fármacos , Klebsiella/genética , Klebsiella/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Epidemiologia Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteus mirabilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteus mirabilis/genética , Proteus mirabilis/isolamento & purificação , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Análise de Sequência de DNA , beta-Lactamas/farmacologia
17.
J Pediatr Surg ; 45(5): e11-4, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20438907

RESUMO

Choledochal cyst causes liver fibrosis, the extent of which varies with each case. Liver damage seldom progresses to cirrhosis, but when it does, it is generally irreversible. We report an infantile case of liver cirrhosis associated with choledochal cyst in which complete clinical resolution was achieved by surgery. Pancytopenia caused by splenomegaly, massive ascites, hypoalbuminemia, and coagulation abnormality that were observed during the early postoperative period had disappeared within 4 months after surgery. Needle liver biopsy performed at 1 year after surgery revealed marked improvement in liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Cisto do Colédoco/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cisto do Colédoco/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/patologia
18.
J Pediatr Surg ; 44(8): E13-6, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19635285

RESUMO

We report 2 cases of growth spurt-related recurrence after Nuss procedure. Each of the 2 cases underwent bar insertion at the age of 6 and 11 years, respectively. The support bar was removed 2 years later followed by severe redepression during the growth spurt. One patient underwent redo Nuss procedure elsewhere. The other patient was diagnosed as idiopathic precocious puberty and is in treatment. The possibility of growth spurt-related recurrence must be explained to those who undergo early correction before surgery, and follow-up is mandatory at least until patients' puberty is over.


Assuntos
Tórax em Funil/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Criança , Tórax em Funil/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Reoperação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
J Infect Chemother ; 15(1): 13-7, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19280294

RESUMO

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria are known to be resistant to penicillins, cephalosporins, and monobactams because of their substrate specificity, and these bacteria are sensitive only to a narrow range of antimicrobial agents. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of carbapenems and the new quinolones against ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, using a Monte Carlo simulation based on the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) theory. The time above MIC (TAM, %) served as the PK/PD parameter for carbapenems, with the target level set at 40%. The AUC/MIC served as the PK/PD parameter for the new quinolones, with the target level set at more than 125. In the analysis of drug sensitivity, the MIC50 of all carbapenems other than imipenem was low (0.03 microg/ml), while the MIC50 of the new quinolones was higher (1-2 microg/ml). The probability of achieving the PK/PD target with carba penems after two doses at the usual dose level, as determined by the Monte Carlo simulation, was high for each of the carbapenems tested (99.0% for biapenem, 99.60% for meropenem, and 95.03% for doripenem), except for imipenem. Among the new quinolones, the highest probability of achieving the PK/PD target was obtained with pazufloxacin (42.90%). Thus, the results of the present study have revealed that carbapenems are effective at the regular dose and can be used as the first-choice antibiotics for ESBL-producing E. coli because the resistance ratios for carbapenems are low compared to those of the new quinolones.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Método de Monte Carlo , Quinolonas/farmacologia , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Carbapenêmicos/farmacocinética , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Modelos Biológicos , Quinolonas/farmacocinética , Resistência beta-Lactâmica
20.
Kansenshogaku Zasshi ; 80(3): 231-7, 2006 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16780129

RESUMO

We studied 247 strains of Proteus mirabilis collected during the 6 months from November 2003 to April 2004 from 12 clinical laboratories in the Kinki region of Japan for the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). Eighteen strains (7.3%) showed MICs for cefpodoxime of > or = 2 microg/mL and 13 strains (5.2%) were positive for the double-disk synergy test. Susceptibility depended on genotype. MICs for cefepime, cefozopran, and cefpirome were high (> or = 8 microg/mL), and that for ceftazidime was low (0.12-0.5 microg/mL). Meropenem showed the lowest MIC (< or = 0.03-0.25 microg/mL) of the calbapenems, while other calbapenems showed somewhat higher values (0.5-2 microg/mL). The MIC of tazobactam/piperacillin was also relatively low (< or = 0.25-1 microg/mL). Analysis of the ESBL genotype by the polymerase chain reaction showed that 12 of 13 strains were CTX-M2 types. CTX-M9 was detected in a single laboratory. The clinical background showed 5 strains in urine samples. Twelve of 13 strains were detected in patients with minimal devices use. No symptoms were found in most cases of established syndrome. Analysis of PCR fingerprint profiles of random amplified polymorphic DNA patterns showed that 6 of 7 strains from hospital 1 showed the same pattern, and 5 of 5 strains from hospital 13 showed the same pattern, suggesting the nosocomial spread of P. mirabilis in each hospital.


Assuntos
Proteus mirabilis/enzimologia , Proteus mirabilis/isolamento & purificação , beta-Lactamases/biossíntese , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Infecções por Proteus/epidemiologia , Proteus mirabilis/efeitos dos fármacos
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