Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Hum Reprod ; 34(10): 2071-2079, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621862

RESUMO

The use of high-throughput sequencing techniques has allowed the identification of numerous mutations in genes responsible for severe astheno-teratozoospermia due to multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF). However, more than half of the analysed cases remain unresolved suggesting that many yet uncharacterised gene defects account for this phenotype. Based on whole-exome sequencing data from a large cohort of 167 MMAF-affected subjects, we identified two unrelated affected individuals carrying a homozygous deleterious mutation in CFAP70, a gene not previously linked to the MMAF phenotype. One patient had a homozygous splice variant c.1723-1G>T, altering a consensus splice acceptor site of CFAP70 exon 16, and one had a likely deleterious missense variant in exon 3 (p.Phe60Ile). The CFAP70 gene encodes a regulator protein of the outer dynein arms (ODA) strongly expressed in the human testis. In the sperm cells from the patient carrying the splice variant, immunofluorescence (IF) experiments confirmed the absence of the protein in the sperm flagellum. Moreover, IF analysis showed the absence of markers for the ODAs and the central pair complex of the axoneme. Interestingly, whereas CFAP70 staining was present in sperm cells from patients with mutations in the three other MMAF-related genes ARMC2, FSIP2 and CFAP43, we observed an absence of staining in sperm cells from patients mutated in the WDR66 gene, suggesting a possible interaction between two different axonemal components. In conclusion, this work provides the first evidence that loss of CFAP70 function causes MMAF and that ODA-related proteins may be crucial for the assembly and/or stability of the flagellum axoneme in addition to its motility.

3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(4): 650-654, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737907

RESUMO

The AMME syndrome defined as the combination of Alport syndrome, intellectual disability, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis (AMME) is known to be a contiguous gene syndrome associated with microdeletions in the region Xq22.3q23. Recently, using exome sequencing, missense pathogenic variants in AMMECR1 have been associated with intellectual disability, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis. In these cases, AMMECR1 gene appears to be responsible for most of the clinical features of the AMME syndrome except for Alport syndrome. In this article, we present two unrelated male patients with short stature, mild intellectual disability or neurodevelopmental delay, sensorineural hearing loss, and elliptocytosis harboring small microdeletions identified by array-CGH involving TMEM164 and AMMECR1 genes and SNORD96B small nucleolar RNA for one patient, inherited from their mothers. These original cases further confirm that most specific AMME features are ascribed to AMMECR1 haploinsufficiency. These cases reporting the smallest microdeletions encompassing AMMECR1 gene provide new evidence for involvement of AMMECR1 in the AMME phenotype and permit to discuss a phenotype related to AMMECR1 haploinsufficiency: developmental delay/intellectual deficiency, midface hypoplasia, midline defect, deafness, and short stature.

4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(2): 331-340, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30686508

RESUMO

Male infertility is a major health concern. Among its different causes, multiple morphological abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF) induces asthenozoospermia and is one of the most severe forms of qualitative sperm defects. Sperm of affected men display short, coiled, absent, and/or irregular flagella. To date, six genes (DNAH1, CFAP43, CFAP44, CFAP69, FSIP2, and WDR66) have been found to be recurrently associated with MMAF, but more than half of the cases analyzed remain unresolved, suggesting that many yet-uncharacterized gene defects account for this phenotype. Here, whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on 168 infertile men who had a typical MMAF phenotype. Five unrelated affected individuals carried a homozygous deleterious mutation in ARMC2, a gene not previously linked to the MMAF phenotype. Using the CRISPR-Cas9 technique, we generated homozygous Armc2 mutant mice, which also presented an MMAF phenotype, thus confirming the involvement of ARMC2 in human MMAF. Immunostaining experiments in AMRC2-mutated individuals and mutant mice evidenced the absence of the axonemal central pair complex (CPC) proteins SPAG6 and SPEF2, whereas the other tested axonemal and peri-axonemal components were present, suggesting that ARMC2 is involved in CPC assembly and/or stability. Overall, we showed that bi-allelic mutations in ARMC2 cause male infertility in humans and mice by inducing a typical MMAF phenotype, indicating that this gene is necessary for sperm flagellum structure and assembly.

5.
Clin Genet ; 94(6): 575-580, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221343

RESUMO

We report findings from a male fetus of 26 weeks' gestational age with severe isolated intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) on amniotic fluid cells revealed a 1.06-Mb duplication in 19q13.42 inherited from the healthy father. This duplication contains 34 genes including ZNF331, a gene encoding a zinc-finger protein specifically imprinted (paternally expressed) in the placenta. Study of the ZNF331 promoter by methylation-specific-multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification showed that the duplicated allele was not methylated in the fetus unlike in the father's genome, suggesting both copies of the ZNF331 gene are expressed in the fetus. The anti-ZNF331 immunohistochemical analysis confirmed that ZNF331 was expressed at higher levels in renal and placental tissues from this fetus compared to controls. Interestingly, ZNF331 expression levels in the placenta have previously been reported to inversely correlate with fetal growth parameters. The original observation presented in this report showed that duplication of ZNF331 could be a novel genetic cause of isolated IUGR and underlines the usefulness of CMA to investigate the genetic causes of isolated severe IUGR.

6.
Hum Reprod ; 33(10): 1973-1984, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137358

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Can whole-exome sequencing (WES) of infertile patients identify new genes responsible for multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF)? SUMMARY ANSWER: WES analysis of 78 infertile men with a MMAF phenotype permitted the identification of four homozygous mutations in the fibrous sheath (FS) interacting protein 2 (FSIP2) gene in four unrelated individuals. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The use of high-throughput sequencing techniques revealed that mutations in the dynein axonemal heavy chain 1 (DNAH1) gene, and in the cilia and flagella associated protein 43 (CFAP43) and 44 (CFAP44) genes account for approximately one-third of MMAF cases thus indicating that other relevant genes await identification. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This was a retrospective genetics study of 78 patients presenting a MMAF phenotype who were recruited in three fertility clinics between 2008 and 2015. Control sperm samples were obtained from normospermic donors. Allelic frequency for control subjects was derived from large public databases. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: WES was performed for all 78 subjects. All identified variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Relative mRNA expression levels for the selected candidate gene (FSIP2) was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in a panel of normal human and mouse tissues. To characterize the structural and ultrastructural anomalies present in patients' sperm, immunofluorescence (IF) was performed on sperm samples from two subjects with a mutation and one control and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses was performed on sperm samples from one subject with a mutation and one control. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: We identified four unrelated patients (4/78, 5.1%) with homozygous loss of function mutations in the FSIP2 gene, which encodes a protein of the sperm FS and is specifically expressed in human and mouse testis. None of these mutations were reported in control sequence databases. TEM analyses showed a complete disorganization of the FS associated with axonemal defects. IF analyses confirmed that the central-pair microtubules and the inner and outer dynein arms of the axoneme were abnormal in all four patients carrying FSIP2 mutations. Importantly, and in contrast to what was observed in patients with MMAF and mutations in other MMAF-related genes (DNAH1, CFAP43 and CFAP44), mutations in FSIP2 led to the absence of A-kinase anchoring protein 4 (AKAP4). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The low number of biological samples and the absence of a reliable anti-FSIP2 antibody prevented the formal demonstration that the FSIP2 protein was absent in sperm from subjects with a FSIP2 mutation. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our findings indicate that FSIP2 is one of the main genes involved in MMAF syndrome. In humans, genes previously associated with a MMAF phenotype encoded axonemal-associated proteins (DNAH1, CFAP43 and CFAP44). We show here that FSIP2, a protein of the sperm FS, is also logically associated with MMAF syndrome as we showed that it is necessary for FS assembly and for the overall axonemal and flagellar biogenesis. As was suggested before in mouse and man, our results also suggest that defects in AKAP4, one of the main proteins interacting with FSIP2, would induce a MMAF phenotype. Finally, this work reinforces the demonstration that WES sequencing is a good strategy to reach a genetic diagnosis for patients with severe male infertility phenotypes. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the following grants: the 'MAS-Flagella' project financed by the French ANR and the DGOS for the program PRTS 2014 (14-CE15) and the 'Whole genome sequencing of patients with Flagellar Growth Defects (FGD)' project financed by the Fondation Maladies Rares for the program Séquençage à haut débit 2012. The authors have no conflict of interest.

7.
Basic Clin Androl ; 28: 5, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29760927

RESUMO

Background: Robertsonian translocations (RobT) are common structural chromosome rearrangements where carriers display a majority of chromosomally balanced spermatozoa from alternate segregation mode. According to some monotony observed in the rates of balanced segregation, is sperm FISH analysis obsolete for RobT carriers? Methods: Retrospective cohort research study on 23 patients analyzed in our center from 2003 to 2017 and compared to the data of 187 patients in literature from 1983 to 2017.Robertsonian translocation carriers were divided in six groups according to the chromosomes involved in the translocation: 9 patients from our center and 107 from literature carrying 45,XY,der(13;14) karyotype, 3 and 35 patients respectively with 45,XY,der(14;21), 5 and 11 patients respectively with 45,XY,der(13;15), 4 and 7 patients respectively with 45,XY,der(14;15), 1 and 4 patients respectively with 45,XY,der(13;22),and 1 and 10 patients respectively with 45,XY,der(14;22). Results: Alternate segregation mode is predominant in our group of Robertsonian translocation carriers with 73.45% ±8.05 of balanced spermatozoa (min 50.92%; max 89.99%). These results are compliant with the data from literature for all translocations types (p > 0.05) and are consistent among the different types of Robertsonian translocations (p > 0.05) except for der(13;15) that exhibit lower balanced spermatozoa rates (p < 0.05 versus der(13;14), der(14;21), (13;21) and der(15;22)). Normozoospermic patients also display a significantly (p < 0.01) higher rate of balanced sperm cells than patients with abnormal seminograms whatever the defect implied. Conclusions: According to the discrepancies observed between der(13;15) and all the other Rob T carriers, the differences observed among patients presenting normal and abnormal sperm parameters and the input in genetical counselling, sperm FISH does not seem obsolete for these patients. Moreover, it seems important to collect more data for rare RobT.

8.
Am J Hum Genet ; 102(4): 636-648, 2018 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29606301

RESUMO

The multiple morphological abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF) phenotype is among the most severe forms of sperm defects responsible for male infertility. The phenotype is characterized by the presence in the ejaculate of immotile spermatozoa with severe flagellar abnormalities including flagella being short, coiled, absent, and of irregular caliber. Recent studies have demonstrated that MMAF is genetically heterogeneous, and genes thus far associated with MMAF account for only one-third of cases. Here we report the identification of homozygous truncating mutations (one stop-gain and one splicing variant) in CFAP69 of two unrelated individuals by whole-exome sequencing of a cohort of 78 infertile men with MMAF. CFAP69 encodes an evolutionarily conserved protein found at high levels in the testis. Immunostaining experiments in sperm from fertile control individuals showed that CFAP69 localized to the midpiece of the flagellum, and the absence of CFAP69 was confirmed in both individuals carrying CFPA69 mutations. Additionally, we found that sperm from a Cfap69 knockout mouse model recapitulated the MMAF phenotype. Ultrastructural analysis of testicular sperm from the knockout mice showed severe disruption of flagellum structure, but histological analysis of testes from these mice revealed the presence of all stages of the seminiferous epithelium, indicating that the overall progression of spermatogenesis is preserved and that the sperm defects likely arise during spermiogenesis. Together, our data indicate that CFAP69 is necessary for flagellum assembly/stability and that in both humans and mice, biallelic truncating mutations in CFAP69 cause autosomal-recessive MMAF and primary male infertility.

9.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 686, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449551

RESUMO

Spermatogenesis defects concern millions of men worldwide, yet the vast majority remains undiagnosed. Here we report men with primary infertility due to multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella with severe disorganization of the sperm axoneme, a microtubule-based structure highly conserved throughout evolution. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 78 patients allowing the identification of 22 men with bi-allelic mutations in DNAH1 (n = 6), CFAP43 (n = 10), and CFAP44 (n = 6). CRISPR/Cas9 created homozygous CFAP43/44 male mice that were infertile and presented severe flagellar defects confirming the human genetic results. Immunoelectron and stimulated-emission-depletion microscopy performed on CFAP43 and CFAP44 orthologs in Trypanosoma brucei evidenced that both proteins are located between the doublet microtubules 5 and 6 and the paraflagellar rod. Overall, we demonstrate that CFAP43 and CFAP44 have a similar structure with a unique axonemal localization and are necessary to produce functional flagella in species ranging from Trypanosoma to human.


Assuntos
Flagelos/fisiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Proteínas dos Microtúbulos/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Trypanosoma/fisiologia , Adulto , Animais , Axonema , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Estudos de Coortes , Fertilidade , Flagelos/metabolismo , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
10.
NPJ Genom Med ; 2: 32, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263841

RESUMO

Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a variety of clinical symptoms with heterogeneous degrees of severity, including intellectual disability (ID), absent or delayed speech, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It results from a deletion of the distal part of chromosome 22q13 that in most cases includes the SHANK3 gene. SHANK3 is considered a major gene for PMS, but the factors that modulate the severity of the syndrome remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated 85 patients with different 22q13 rearrangements (78 deletions and 7 duplications). We first explored the clinical features associated with PMS, and provide evidence for frequent corpus callosum abnormalities in 28% of 35 patients with brain imaging data. We then mapped several candidate genomic regions at the 22q13 region associated with high risk of clinical features, and suggest a second locus at 22q13 associated with absence of speech. Finally, in some cases, we identified additional clinically relevant copy-number variants (CNVs) at loci associated with ASD, such as 16p11.2 and 15q11q13, which could modulate the severity of the syndrome. We also report an inherited SHANK3 deletion transmitted to five affected daughters by a mother without ID nor ASD, suggesting that some individuals could compensate for such mutations. In summary, we shed light on the genotype-phenotype relationship of patients with PMS, a step towards the identification of compensatory mechanisms for a better prognosis and possibly treatments of patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.

11.
EMBO Mol Med ; 9(8): 1132-1149, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28554943

RESUMO

Azoospermia, characterized by the absence of spermatozoa in the ejaculate, is a common cause of male infertility with a poorly characterized etiology. Exome sequencing analysis of two azoospermic brothers allowed the identification of a homozygous splice mutation in SPINK2, encoding a serine protease inhibitor believed to target acrosin, the main sperm acrosomal protease. In accord with these findings, we observed that homozygous Spink2 KO male mice had azoospermia. Moreover, despite normal fertility, heterozygous male mice had a high rate of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa and a reduced sperm motility. Further analysis demonstrated that in the absence of Spink2, protease-induced stress initiates Golgi fragmentation and prevents acrosome biogenesis leading to spermatid differentiation arrest. We also observed a deleterious effect of acrosin overexpression in HEK cells, effect that was alleviated by SPINK2 coexpression confirming its role as acrosin inhibitor. These results demonstrate that SPINK2 is necessary to neutralize proteases during their cellular transit toward the acrosome and that its deficiency induces a pathological continuum ranging from oligoasthenoteratozoospermia in heterozygotes to azoospermia in homozygotes.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia/genética , Astenozoospermia/fisiopatologia , Azoospermia/genética , Azoospermia/fisiopatologia , Glicoproteínas/deficiência , Inibidores de Serinopeptidase do Tipo Kazal/deficiência , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
12.
J Med Genet ; 54(7): 502-510, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28270404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) represent a significant healthcare burden since it is the primary cause of chronic kidney in children. CNVs represent a recurrent molecular cause of CAKUT but the culprit gene remains often elusive. Our study aimed to define the gene responsible for CAKUT in patients with an 1q23.3q24.1 microdeletion. METHODS: We describe eight patients presenting with CAKUT carrying an 1q23.3q24.1 microdeletion as identified by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). Clinical features were collected, especially the renal and urinary tract phenotype, and extrarenal features. We characterised PBX1 expression and localisation in fetal and adult kidneys using quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: We defined a 276-kb minimal common region (MCR) that only overlaps with the PBX1 gene. All eight patients presented with syndromic CAKUT. CAKUT were mostly bilateral renal hypoplasia (75%). The most frequent extrarenal symptoms were developmental delay and ear malformations. We demonstrate that PBX1 is strongly expressed in fetal kidneys and brain and expression levels decreased in adult samples. In control fetal kidneys, PBX1 was localised in nuclei of medullary, interstitial and mesenchymal cells, whereas it was present in endothelial cells in adult kidneys. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that PBX1 haploinsufficiency leads to syndromic CAKUT as supported by the Pbx1-null mice model. Correct PBX1 dosage appears to be critical for normal nephrogenesis and seems important for brain development in humans. CMA should be recommended in cases of fetal renal anomalies to improve genetic counselling and pregnancy management.


Assuntos
Haploinsuficiência/genética , Fator de Transcrição 1 de Leucemia de Células Pré-B/genética , Anormalidades Urogenitais/genética , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Feto/metabolismo , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Lactente , Rim/anormalidades , Rim/embriologia , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Síndrome
13.
Genet Med ; 19(6): 701-710, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27906199

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether duplication of the ARID1A gene is responsible for a new recognizable syndrome. METHODS: We describe four patients with a 1p36.11 microduplication involving ARID1A as identified by array-comparative genomic hybridization . We performed comparative transcriptomic analysis of patient-derived fibroblasts using RNA sequencing and evaluated the impact of ARID1A duplication on the cell cycle using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Functional relationships between differentially expressed genes were investigated with ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Combining the genomic data, we defined a small (122 kb), minimally critical region that overlaps the full ARID1A gene. The four patients shared a strikingly similar phenotype that included intellectual disability and microcephaly. Transcriptomic analysis revealed the deregulated expression of several genes previously linked to microcephaly and developmental disorders as well as the involvement of signaling pathways relevant to microcephaly, among which the polo-like kinase (PLK) pathway was especially notable. Cell-cycle analysis of patient-derived fibroblasts showed a significant increase in the proportion of cells in G1 phase at the expense of G2-M cells. CONCLUSION: Our study reports a new microduplication syndrome involving the ARID1A gene. This work is the first step in clarifying the pathophysiological mechanism that links changes in the gene dosage of ARID1A with intellectual disability and microcephaly.Genet Med advance online publication 01 December 2016.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Duplicação Gênica , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
14.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170(11): 2847-2859, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27605097

RESUMO

KBG syndrome, due to ANKRD11 alteration is characterized by developmental delay, short stature, dysmorphic facial features, and skeletal anomalies. We report a clinical and molecular study of 39 patients affected by KBG syndrome. Among them, 19 were diagnosed after the detection of a 16q24.3 deletion encompassing the ANKRD11 gene by array CGH. In the 20 remaining patients, the clinical suspicion was confirmed by the identification of an ANKRD11 mutation by direct sequencing. We present arguments to modulate the previously reported diagnostic criteria. Macrodontia should no longer be considered a mandatory feature. KBG syndrome is compatible with autonomous life in adulthood. Autism is less frequent than previously reported. We also describe new clinical findings with a potential impact on the follow-up of patients, such as precocious puberty and a case of malignancy. Most deletions remove the 5'end or the entire coding region but never extend toward 16q telomere suggesting that distal 16q deletion could be lethal. Although ANKRD11 appears to be a major gene associated with intellectual disability, KBG syndrome remains under-diagnosed. NGS-based approaches for sequencing will improve the detection of point mutations in this gene. Broad knowledge of the clinical phenotype is essential for a correct interpretation of the molecular results. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Dentárias/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16 , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Facies , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Hum Reprod ; 31(6): 1164-72, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27094479

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Does DNAH1 status influence intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes for patients with multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Despite a highly abnormal morphology, sperm from MMAF patients with DNAH1 mutations have a low aneuploidy rate and good nuclear quality, leading to good embryonic development following ICSI and a high pregnancy rate. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Teratozoospermia represents a heterogeneous group including a wide range of phenotypes. Among all these qualitative defects, a flagellar phenotype called MMAF is characterized by a mosaic of morphological abnormalities of the flagellum, including coiled, bent, irregular, short or/and absent flagella, mainly due to the absence of the axonemal central pair microtubules. We previously demonstrated that homozygous mutations in the DNAH1 gene, encoding an inner arm heavy chain dynein, are frequently found in patients with MMAF (28% of the patients from the initial cohort). Numerous studies have reported an increased rate of aneuploidy and a poor sperm nuclear quality related to sperm flagellar abnormalities, which could impede ICSI outcome. Moreover, success rates after ICSI may be influenced by the type of ultrastructural flagellar defects and/or by the gene defects carried by the patients. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This retrospective cohort study included 6 infertile males with MMAF due to deleterious homozygous DNAH1 mutations and their respective spouses, who underwent 9 ISCI cycles, with 16 embryos being transferred. ICSI results were compared with two control populations of 13 MMAF men without DNAH1 mutations and an aged-matched control group of 1431 non-MMAF couples. All ICSI attempts took place between 2000 and 2012. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Clinical and biological data were collected from patients treated for infertility at the CPSR les Jasmins in Tunis (Tunisia). We compared the ICSI outcomes obtained with couples including DNAH1 mutated and nonmutated patients and non-MMAF couples. For the analysis of the chromosomal status, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses were performed on sperm cells from 3 DNAH1-mutated patients and from 29 fertile control subjects. Sperm chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation were evaluated using aniline blue staining and TUNEL assays, respectively, on sperm cells from 3 DNAH1-mutated men and 6 fertile controls. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: There was a significantly increased proportion of disomy XY and 18 in sperm from DNAH1 mutated patients compared with fertile controls (1.52 versus 0.28%, P = 0.0001 and 0.64 versus 0.09%, P = 0.0001). However, there were no statistically significant differences among sperm from the two groups in their frequencies of either 13, 21, XX or YY disomy or diploidy. Measures of DNA compaction and fragmentation demonstrated a good nuclear sperm quality among DNAH1 mutated men. The overall fertilization, pregnancy and delivery rates of couples including DNAH1 mutated men were of 70.8, 50.0 and 37.5%, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in any of these parameters compared with the two control groups (P > 0.05). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: A limitation of this study is the small number of DNAH1-mutated patients available and the low number of genes identified in MMAF. Further genetic studies are warranted to identify other MMAF-inducing genes to better characterize the genetic etiology of the MMAF phenotype and to improve the management of patients diagnosed with flagellar defects. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: MMAF patients with DNAH1 mutations have low aneuploidy rates and good nuclear sperm quality, explaining the high pregnancy rate obtained with these patients. Good ICSI results were obtained for both MMAF groups (DNAH1 mutated and nonmutated), suggesting that patients presenting with asthenozoospermia due to flagellar defects have a good ICSI prognosis irrespective of their genotype. The majority of MMAF cases currently remain idiopathic with no genetic cause yet identified. In depth genetic analysis of these patients using next generation sequencing should reveal new causal genes. Subsequent genotype phenotype analyses could improve advice and care provided to MMAF patients. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS: None of the authors have any competing interest. This work is part of the project 'Identification and Characterization of Genes Involved in Infertility (ICG2I)', funded by the program GENOPAT 2009 from the French Research Agency (ANR) and the MAS-Flagella project, financed by the French ANR and the Direction Générale de l'Offre de Soins (DGOS).


Assuntos
Axonema/genética , Dineínas/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Mutação , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Espermatozoides/anormalidades , Adulto , Axonema/ultraestrutura , Fragmentação do DNA , Feminino , Flagelos/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Masculino , Recuperação de Oócitos , Indução da Ovulação , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170A(2): 498-503, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26545049

RESUMO

Several studies have recently reported that 22q12.1 deletions encompassing the MN1 gene are associated with craniofacial anomalies. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that MN1 haploinsufficiency may be solely responsible for craniofacial anomalies and/or cleft palate. We report here the case of a 4-year-old boy presenting with global developmental delay and craniofacial anomalies including severe maxillary protrusion and retromicrognathia. Array-CGH detected a 2.4 Mb de novo deletion of chromosome 22q12.1 which did not encompass the MN1 gene thought to be the main pathological candidate in 22q12.1 deletions. This observation, combined with data from other patients from the Database of Chromosomal Imbalance and Phenotype in Humans Using Ensemble Resources (DECIPHER), suggests that other gene(s) in the 22q12.1 region are likely involved in craniofacial anomalies and/or may contribute to the phenotypic variability observed in patients with MN1 deletion.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo
17.
Eur J Med Genet ; 58(10): 526-30, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26365529

RESUMO

We report on a female fetus with macrocephaly and macroglossia harbouring 13q31.1 microdeletion encompassing three genes: SPRY2, NDFIP2 and RBM26. NDFIP2 protein is involved in ubiquitination and in Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. SPRY2 protein is part of Sprout protein family and inhibits the Ras/MAPK pathways. Ras/MAPK pathway plays important role in complex cellular programs including cell differentiation and proliferation. Germline mutations in genes encoding protein involved in the MAPK cascade is responsible for a wide family of developmental disorders known as RASopathies. Some RASopathies, such as Costello syndrome, present a phenotype with (relative) macrocephaly as perinatal features. However, prenatal-onset macroglossia are generally absent in this syndrome but rather suggestive of the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome for which molecular testing were negative. Phenotype-genotype correlation with patients from DECIPHER defines NDFIP2 and SPRY2 as a possible candidate genes for a RASopathy potentially responsible for the clinical features in the fetus. Finally, this original case of 13q31.1 microdeletion underlines the importance of array-CGH in prenatal diagnosis with sonographic signs such as macroglossia and/or macrocephaly. In this case, genetic investigation should be not limited to the search of well-known genetic causes and other genomic microdeletions should be considered as alternative diagnoses for macroglossia.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 13/genética , Deleção de Genes , Macroglossia/genética , Megalencefalia/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Feto/patologia , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Macroglossia/diagnóstico , Megalencefalia/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Gravidez , Síndrome
18.
Eur J Pediatr ; 174(1): 75-83, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24985125

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by limitation in intellectual function and adaptive behavior, with onset in childhood. Frequent identifiable causes of ID originate from chromosomal imbalances. During the last years, array-CGH has successfully contributed to improve the diagnostic detection rate of genetic abnormalities in patients with ID. Most array-CGH studies focused on patients with moderate or severe intellectual disability. Studies on genetic etiology in children with mild intellectual disability (ID) are very rare. We performed array-CGH analysis in 66 children with mild intellectual disability assessed in a population-based study and for whom no genetic etiology was identified. We found one or more copy number variations (CNVs) in 20 out of 66 (~30 %) patients with a mild ID. In eight of them (~12 %), the CNVs were certainly responsible for the phenotype and in six they were potentially pathogenic for ID. Altogether, array-CGH helped to determine the etiology of ID in 14 patients (~21 %). CONCLUSION: Our results underscore the clinical relevance of array-CGH to investigate the etiology of isolated idiopathic mild ID in patients or associated with even subtle dysmorphic features or congenital malformations.


Assuntos
Hibridização Genômica Comparativa/métodos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Adolescente , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/etiologia , Masculino , Análise Serial de Proteínas/métodos
19.
Biores Open Access ; 3(6): 311-26, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25469316

RESUMO

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited orphan disorder caused by mutations in one of the five genes encoding reduced nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-phosphate oxidase subunits, which subsequently lead to impairment in the production of microbicidal reactive oxygen species (ROS). In order to offer several cell line models of CGD and therefore support research on pathophysiology and new therapeutic approaches, we optimized protocols to differentiate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from wild-type, X(0)-, AR22(0)- and AR47(0)-CGD patient's fibroblasts into neutrophils and into macrophages. Aberrant genetic clones were discarded after chromosome karyotyping and array-comparative genomic hybridization analysis. All remaining iPSC lines showed human embryonic stem cell-like morphology, expressed all tested pluripotency markers and formed embryoid bodies that contained cells originating from all three primary germ layers. Furthermore, each CGD patient-specific iPSC line retained the gp91 (phox) , p47 (phox) , and p22 (phox) mutations found in the corresponding patient's neutrophils. The average production of CD34(+) progenitors was of 1.5×10(6) cells after 10 days of differentiation of 10×10(6) iPSCs. They were terminally differentiated into about 3×10(5) neutrophils or into 3×10(7) macrophages. Based on morphological, phenotypical, and functional criteria both phagocyte types were mature and indistinguishable from the native human neutrophils and macrophages. However, neutrophils and macrophages derived from X(0)-, AR22(0)-, and AR47(0)-CGD patient-specific iPSC lines lacked ROS production and the corresponding mutated proteins. To simplify the phagocytes' production upon request, progenitors can be cryopreserved. In conclusion, we describe a reproducible, simple, and efficient way to generate neutrophils and macrophages from iPSCs and provide a new cellular model for the AR22(0)-CGD genetic form that has not been described before.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA