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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(7): 965-969, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045260


BACKGROUND: Boston Scientific (Marlborough, MA, USA) implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-Ds) manufactured between 2008 and 2014 are potentially subject to premature battery depletion through a low-voltage capacitor malfunction occurring as a result of hydrogen buildup within the device. Although some of these devices are currently under advisory, other devices manufactured during this timeframe carry a lower risk of the same malfunction. These same devices are known to have superior longevity in general, and the overall mean lifespan of the devices remains long. METHODS: All patients implanted or followed at our two centers who experienced premature battery depletion and had a Boston Scientific ICD or CRT-D potentially at risk for low-voltage capacitor malfunction were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Nineteen out of 838 patients (2.3%) with devices potentially at risk have had premature battery depletion: 5.7% of those under advisory and 1.1% of those not under advisory. None of our patients had compromised therapy, and all had >27 days of projected battery longevity remaining. CONCLUSIONS: Undetected premature battery depletion in this population of ICDs has the potential to expose a patient to an interval of time where the device is unable to provide therapy. However, with enrollment in remote monitoring, regular follow-up, and attention to audible alerts, the risk of therapy loss due to low-voltage state can be effectively mitigated. For these reasons, prophylactic generator replacement is not recommended.

J Nutr Elder ; 25(3-4): 3-22, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18032213


This paper examines recruitment and retention efforts utilized by a community-based health promotion intervention with older adults (N = 1,277). Recruitment strategies were classified as either involving or not involving personal interaction with project staff. There was no difference by recruitment method in demographic characteristics, but a greater proportion of participants recruited using strategies without personal interaction were in the earlier stage of change (SOC) for fruit and vegetable consumption compared with those recruited using strategies involving personal contact. Conversely, a greater proportion recruited without interaction with project staff was in action/maintenance SOC for exercise. Attrition was greater among individuals in the earlier SOC for exercise and among those who perceived their health to be fair/poor. As most participants were recruited using strategies involving interaction with project staffs, it may be best to emphasize techniques involving personal contact when recruiting older adults to participate in research studies.

Dieta/métodos , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Relações Interpessoais , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/fisiologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Idoso , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Dieta/psicologia , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/psicologia , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Rhode Island
J Aging Health ; 17(6): 753-78, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16377771


Presented are the basic design, methods, and baseline data analyses for the Study of Exercise and Nutrition in Older Rhode Islanders (SENIOR Project) an experimental study to investigate the relative effectiveness of a 12-month, stage of readiness to change-based multiple-behavior intervention (exercise and nutrition) compared to single-behavior interventions in a community-dwelling population of 1,277 older adults. Relationships between stage of readiness to change in the two target behaviors, as well as the relationship between stage of readiness and self-reported exercise levels and fruit and vegetable consumption, were examined using a combination of Pearson chi-squares, analyses of variance (ANOVA), and Spearman's rank order correlations. Stage of change (SOC) for fruit and vegetable consumption was significantly associated with the dietary measure, and SOC for exercise was associated with both the three physical activity measures and servings of fruits and vegetables per day. Overall, individual older adult's readiness to change seems largely to be behavior-specific.

Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição , Frutas , Humanos , Rhode Island , Verduras
Ann Behav Med ; 29 Suppl: 55-65, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15921490


Failing to retain an adequate number of study participants in behavioral intervention trials poses a threat to interpretation of study results and its external validity. This qualitative investigation describes the retention strategies promoted by the recruitment and retention committee of the Behavior Change Consortium, a group of 15 university-based sites funded by the National Institutes of Health to implement studies targeted toward disease prevention through behavior change. During biannual meetings, focus groups were conducted with all sites to determine barriers encountered in retaining study participants and strategies employed to address these barriers. All of the retention strategies reported were combined into 8 thematic retention categories. Those categories perceived to be most effective for retaining study participants were summarized and consistencies noted among site populations across the life course (e.g., older adults, adults, children, and adolescents). Further, possible discrepancies between site populations of varying health statuses are discussed, and an ecological framework is proposed for use in future investigations on retention.

Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Retenção Psicológica , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , Estados Unidos
Fam Community Health ; 26(3): 194-202, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12829941


This article discusses the process of developing collaborative relationships for a community-based health promotion project. A partnership was established among the university, the city where the intervention took place, and the community senior center. A community advisory board was created to identify the strengths, diversity, and needs of each partner. The community advisory board guided the partnership to recruit 1,277 older adults to participate in the intervention study. A sample was deemed representative after comparison with Census 2000 data, with gender and educational attainment being similar.

Planejamento em Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Participação da Comunidade , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pacientes , Rhode Island
Health Educ Res ; 17(5): 552-61, 2002 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12408200


Innovative and effective health promotion interventions targeted on older adults within a public health framework will be increasingly important as the US population ages dramatically. The benefits of healthier lifestyles for older adults include increased functional ability and improved quality of life. The Study of Exercise and Nutrition in Older Rhode Islanders (SENIOR) Project is a multibehavioral health promotion intervention for community-dwelling older adults focusing on increasing exercise and fruit and vegetable consumption. Intervention materials are stage-tailored for each individual, and include manuals, newsletters, expert system assessments and reports, and telephone coaching. The primary purpose of the SENIOR Project is to investigate the relative effectiveness of a multiple-behavior intervention-based on a single theoretical framework-compared to single-behavior interventions. The secondary purposes are to investigate the intervention's effects on both functional ability and general health outcomes, and how older adults move along a continuum of changing health behaviors. The Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change, the conceptual framework for the SENIOR Project, was chosen for the following reasons: performance potential with older adults, individual tailoring on a stage basis, technological features, and interdisciplinary research base and community partnership.

Dieta , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde , Modelos Teóricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Idoso , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Rhode Island