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J Cell Sci ; 133(6)2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034082


Mutations in CLN3 are a cause of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL), also known as Batten disease. Clinical manifestations include cognitive regression, progressive loss of vision and motor function, epileptic seizures and a significantly reduced lifespan. CLN3 localizes to endosomes and lysosomes, and has been implicated in intracellular trafficking and autophagy. However, the precise molecular function of CLN3 remains to be elucidated. Previous studies showed an interaction between CLN3 and Rab7A, a small GTPase that regulates several functions at late endosomes. We confirmed this interaction in live cells and found that CLN3 is required for the efficient endosome-to-TGN trafficking of the lysosomal sorting receptors because it regulates the Rab7A interaction with retromer. In cells lacking CLN3 or expressing CLN3 harbouring a disease-causing mutation, the lysosomal sorting receptors were degraded. We also demonstrated that CLN3 is required for the Rab7A-PLEKHM1 interaction, which is required for fusion of autophagosomes to lysosomes. Overall, our data provide a molecular explanation behind phenotypes observed in JNCL and give an indication of the pathogenic mechanism behind Batten disease.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Sci Rep ; 7(1): 7148, 2017 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28769048


AP-1 is a clathrin adaptor recruited to the trans-Golgi Network where it can interact with specific signals found in the cytosolic tail of cargo proteins to incorporate them into clathrin-coated vesicles for trafficking. The small G protein Arf1 regulates the spatiotemporal recruitment of AP-1 and also drives a conformational change favoring an interaction with cargo proteins. A recent crystal structure and in vitro experiments highlighted potential residues mediating the AP-1/Arf1 interaction and the unlocking of the complex. We have used bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) to study the Arf1/AP-1 interaction and AP-1 conformational changes in vivo. We identified novel residues required for this interaction in addition to those predicted in the crystal structure. We also studied the conformational changes in AP-1 driven by Arf1 in live cells and found that opening of the complex is prerequisite for oligomerization. Using Arf1 knockout cells generated by CRISPR/Cas9, we demonstrated that residue 172 in Arf1 is necessary for AP-1 activation and is required for the efficient sorting of the lysosomal protein prosaposin. We have used BRET to study the in vivo activation of AP-1. The advantages of BRET include expressing full-length proteins in their native environment that have been fully post-translationally modified.

Fator 1 de Ribosilação do ADP/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Ribosilação do ADP/química , Fator 1 de Ribosilação do ADP/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Energia por Ressonância de Bioluminescência , Linhagem Celular , Vesículas Revestidas por Clatrina/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Mutação , Ligação Proteica , Multimerização Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/química , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética , Rede trans-Golgi/metabolismo
J Cell Sci ; 130(15): 2579-2590, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28600323


Retromer is a multimeric protein complex that mediates endosome-to-trans-Golgi network (TGN) and endosome-to-plasma membrane trafficking of integral membrane proteins. Dysfunction of this complex has been linked to Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. The recruitment of retromer to endosomes is regulated by Rab7 (also known as RAB7A) to coordinate endosome-to-TGN trafficking of cargo receptor complexes. Rab7 is also required for the degradation of internalized integral membrane proteins, such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). We found that Rab7 is palmitoylated and that this modification is not required for membrane anchoring. Palmitoylated Rab7 colocalizes efficiently with and has a higher propensity to interact with retromer than nonpalmitoylatable Rab7. Rescue of Rab7 knockout cells by expressing wild-type Rab7 restores efficient endosome-to-TGN trafficking, while rescue with nonpalmitoylatable Rab7 does not. Interestingly, Rab7 palmitoylation does not appear to be required for the degradation of EGFR or for its interaction with its effector, Rab-interacting lysosomal protein (RILP). Overall, our results indicate that Rab7 palmitoylation is required for the spatiotemporal recruitment of retromer and efficient endosome-to-TGN trafficking of the lysosomal sorting receptors.

Endossomos/metabolismo , Lipoilação , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Rede trans-Golgi/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Endossomos/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Transporte Proteico , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Rede trans-Golgi/genética
Exp Cell Res ; 357(1): 40-50, 2017 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28442266


The Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a group of recessive disorders of childhood with overlapping symptoms including vision loss, ataxia, cognitive regression and premature death. 14 different genes have been linked to NCLs (CLN1-CLN14), but the functions of the proteins encoded by the majority of these genes have not been fully elucidated. Mutations in the CLN5 gene are responsible for the Finnish variant late-infantile form of NCL (Finnish vLINCL). CLN5 is translated as a 407 amino acid transmembrane domain containing protein that is heavily glycosylated, and subsequently cleaved into a mature soluble protein. Functionally, CLN5 is implicated in the recruitment of the retromer complex to endosomes, which is required to sort the lysosomal sorting receptors from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network. The mechanism that processes CLN5 into a mature soluble protein is currently not known. Herein, we demonstrate that CLN5 is initially translated as a type II transmembrane protein and subsequently cleaved by SPPL3, a member of the SPP/SPPL intramembrane protease family, into a mature soluble protein consisting of residues 93-407. The remaining N-terminal fragment is then cleaved by SPPL3 and SPPL2b and degraded in the proteasome. This work further characterizes the biology of CLN5 in the hopes of identifying a novel therapeutic strategy for affected children.

Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Lipofuscinoses Ceroides Neuronais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico , Solubilidade , Rede trans-Golgi/metabolismo
Traffic ; 15(4): 383-400, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24405750


The molecular mechanisms regulating G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) trafficking from their site of synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to their site of function (the cell surface) remain poorly characterized. Using a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer-based proteomic screen, we identified a novel GPCR-interacting protein; the human cornichon homologue 4 (CNIH4). This previously uncharacterized protein is localized in the early secretory pathway where it interacts with members of the 3 family of GPCRs. Both overexpression and knockdown expression of CNIH4 caused the intracellular retention of GPCRs, indicating that this ER-resident protein plays an important role in GPCR export. Overexpression of CNIH4 at low levels rescued the maturation and cell surface expression of an intracellularly retained mutant form of the ß2-adrenergic receptor, further demonstrating a positive role of CNIH4 in GPCR trafficking. Taken with the co-immunoprecipitation of CNIH4 with Sec23 and Sec24, components of the COPII coat complex responsible for ER export, these data suggest that CNIH4 acts as a cargo-sorting receptor, recruiting GPCRs into COPII vesicles.

Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Animais , Células COS , Chlorocebus aethiops , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética
Biophys J ; 99(12): 4037-46, 2010 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21156147


Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) is increasingly being used to monitor protein-protein interactions and cellular events in cells. However, the ability to monitor multiple events simultaneously is limited by the spectral properties of the existing BRET partners. Taking advantage of newly developed Renilla luciferases and blue-shifted fluorescent proteins (FPs), we explored the possibility of creating novel BRET configurations using a single luciferase substrate and distinct FPs. Three new (to our knowledge) BRET assays leading to distinct color bioluminescence emission were generated and validated. The spectral properties of two of the FPs used (enhanced blue (EB) FP2 and mAmetrine) and the selection of appropriate detection filters permitted the concomitant detection of two independent BRET signals, without cross-interference, in the same cells after addition of a unique substrate for Renilla luciferase-II, coelentrazine-400a. Using individual BRET-based biosensors to monitor the interaction between G-protein-coupled receptors and G-protein subunits or activation of different G-proteins along with the production of a second messenger, we established the proof of principle that two new BRET configurations can be multiplexed to simultaneously monitor two dependent or independent cellular events. The development of this new multiplexed BRET configuration opens the way for concomitant monitoring of various independent biological processes in living cells.

Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Cor , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Subunidades alfa Gi-Go de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Subunidades alfa Gq-G11 de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo