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1.
Pathol Res Pract ; 221: 153451, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932720

RESUMO

Few studies have focused on COVID-19 patients' hepatic histopathological features. Many of the described morphological landscapes are non-specific and possibly due to other comorbidities or to Sars-CoV-2-related therapies. We describe the hepatic histopathological findings of 3 liver biopsies obtained from living COVID-19 patients in which active SARS-CoV-2 infection was molecularly confirmed and biopsied because of significant alterations of liver function tests and 25 livers analyzed during COVID-19-related autopsies. Main histopathological findings were (i) the absence of significant biliary tree or vascular damages, (ii) mild/absent lymphocytic hepatitis; (iii) activation of (pigmented) Kupffer cells, (iv) hepatocellular regenerative changes, (v) the presence of steatosis, (vi) sinusoidal ectasia, micro-thrombosis and acinar atrophy in autopsy specimens No viral particle actively infecting the hepatic or endothelial cells was detected at in situ hybridization. The morphological features observed within the hepatic parenchyma are not specific and should be considered as the result of an indirect insult resulting from the viral infection or the adopted therapeutic protocols.

2.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830333

RESUMO

Incidental lymphomas (ILs) are rare and challenging lesions with poorly characterized clinical-epidemiological and histological features. The present study addressed the open issues concerning these tumors, by assessing the clinical-pathological features of 28 consecutive ILs, diagnosed over a 10-year period at a tertiary center for surgical pathology. ILs were more frequently documented in elderly males (mean age at surgery 70.8 years; M/F ratio 3.3), with sharp prevalence of gastrointestinal and urinary tract involvement (22/28 [78.6%] cases). Low-grade B-cell lymphomas outnumbered all other entities, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) was the most common subtype (18/28 [64.3%] cases). Compared to other ILs, CLL/SLL occurred at older age and was the sole lymphoid neoplasm affecting the urinary tract. In conclusion, ILs are rare lesions, mostly affecting the gastrointestinal and urinary tract of elderly males. The diagnosis of IL is based on a high degree of suspicion and on careful morphological/phenotypic characterization.

3.
Cells ; 10(4)2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924120

RESUMO

Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare malignant neoplasia with a variable clinical course, with complete remission often difficult to achieve. Genetic alterations lead to fundamental changes not only in hereditary MTC but also in the sporadic form, with close correlations between mutational status and prognosis. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have become highly relevant as crucial players in MTC etiology. Current research has focused on their roles in disease carcinogenesis and development, but recent studies have expounded their potential as biomarkers and response predictors to novel biological drugs for advanced MTC. One such element which requires greater investigation is their mechanism of action and the molecular pathways involved in the regulation of gene expression. A more thorough understanding of these mechanisms will help realize the promising potential of miRNAs for MTC therapy and management.

4.
Cancer ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among sarcomas, which are rare cancers, many types are exceedingly rare; however, a definition of ultra-rare cancers has not been established. The problem of ultra-rare sarcomas is particularly relevant because they represent unique diseases, and their rarity poses major challenges for diagnosis, understanding disease biology, generating clinical evidence to support new drug development, and achieving formal authorization for novel therapies. METHODS: The Connective Tissue Oncology Society promoted a consensus effort in November 2019 to establish how to define ultra-rare sarcomas through expert consensus and epidemiologic data and to work out a comprehensive list of these diseases. The list of ultra-rare sarcomas was based on the 2020 World Health Organization classification, The incidence rates were estimated using the Information Network on Rare Cancers (RARECARENet) database and NETSARC (the French Sarcoma Network's clinical-pathologic registry). Incidence rates were further validated in collaboration with the Asian cancer registries of Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. RESULTS: It was agreed that the best criterion for a definition of ultra-rare sarcomas would be incidence. Ultra-rare sarcomas were defined as those with an incidence of approximately ≤1 per 1,000,000, to include those entities whose rarity renders them extremely difficult to conduct well powered, prospective clinical studies. On the basis of this threshold, a list of ultra-rare sarcomas was defined, which comprised 56 soft tissue sarcoma types and 21 bone sarcoma types. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, the incidence of ultra-rare sarcomas accounts for roughly 20% of all soft tissue and bone sarcomas. This confirms that the challenges inherent in ultra-rare sarcomas affect large numbers of patients.

5.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785282

RESUMO

The inflammatory spectrum of gastric diseases includes different clinico-pathological entities, the etiology of which was recently established in the international Kyoto classification. A diagnosis of gastritis combines the information resulting form the gross examination (endoscopy) and histology (microscopy). It is important to consider the anatomical/functional heterogeneity of the gastric mucosa when obtaining representative mucosal biopsy samples. Gastritis includes self-limiting and non-self-limiting (long-standing) inflammatory diseases, and the latter are epidemiologically, biologically and clinically linked to the onset of gastric cancer (i.e. "inflammation-associated cancer"). Different biological models of inflammation-associated gastric oncogenesis have been proposed. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) gastritis is the most prevalent worldwide, and H. pylori is classified as a first-class carcinogen. On these bases, eradicating H. pylori is mandatory for the primary prevention of gastric cancer. Non-self-limiting gastritis may also be triggered by the immune-mediated destruction of gastric parietal cells, resulting in autoimmune gastritis. In both H. pylori-related and autoimmune gastritis, the non-self-limiting inflammation results in atrophy of the gastric mucosa, which is the main factor promoting gastric cancer. Long-term follow-up studies consistently demonstrate the prognostic impact of the histological staging of gastritis in gastric cancer secondary prevention strategies.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712927

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Non-neuroendocrine neoplasms of the appendix are a phenotypically heterogeneous group of lesions; a comprehensive molecular characterization of these tumors is still lacking. METHODS: A total of 52 samples taken from 49 patients was evaluated: 18 sessile serrated lesions (SSL; 3 with dysplasia), 2 high-grade tubular adenomas, 1 tubulo-villous adenoma,1 hyperplastic polyp, 18 low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMN), 3 high-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (HAMN) and 9 mucinous adenocarcinomas. Hotspot mutational profiling of the RNF43, SMAD4, KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA genes was performed. Expression of p53, MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: KRAS was the most frequently mutated gene (53.9% of cases), followed by RNF43 (15.4%), and BRAF (13.5%). In particular: KRAS was mutated in 44.4% of adenocarcinomas, 66.7% of HAMNs, 61.1% of LAMNs, 53.3% of SSL without dysplasia and in 66.7% of SSL with dysplasia; RNF43 was mutated in 33.3% of adenocarcinomas, 66.7% of HAMNs, 11.1% of LAMNs and in 6.7% of SSL without dysplasia; BRAF was mutated in 11.1% of adenocarcinomas, 26.7% of SSL without dysplasia and in 5.6% of LAMNs. Only a case of high-grade tubular adenoma showed mismatch repair deficiency, while immunohistochemical expression of p53 was altered in 21.1% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: The histological phenotypic similarities between appendicular mucinous lesions and serrated colon lesions do not reflect a similar genetic landscape. Mismatch repair deficiency is a rare event during appendiceal mucinous carcinogenesis.

7.
Pathol Res Pract ; 219: 153346, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In some HNSCC patients, a metachronous ESCC may develop. No information is available on the HNSCC-associated ESCCs microenvironment and etiology. METHODS: Among 134 ESCCs surgically treated between 2009 and 2015, a series of 6 HNSCC-associated ESCCs was collected. A series of 12 sex-, age- and stage-matched ESCCs with no previous oncological medical history was selected for comparison. Histologic assessment of intratumoral inflammatory infiltration and immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, CD80, PD1, PD-L1 and p53 were performed. HPV detection/genotyping was assessed by PCR single step and reverse line blot. RESULTS: HPV DNA was negative in all the HNSCC-associated ESCCs. In comparison to non-HNSCC-associated carcinomas, the 6 cases presented a lower lymphomonocytic infiltration, which also corresponded to a lower prevalence of CD4 + T cell infiltration and, 5/6 cases presented a PD-L1 CPS ≥ 1. All the HNSCC-associated ESCCs resulted positive for p53 immunostaining in ≥50 % of cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that HPV infection is not an etiological factor associated to ESCC after HNSCC. On the other hand, p53 overexpression is a common finding. Moreover, our data suggest that an altered immune microenvironment, conditioned by a dysregulation in lymphomonocytic infiltration, may be a crucial factor allowing the occurrence of a metachronous ESCC.

8.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622576

RESUMO

AIM: The aim is to evaluate which of the existing scoring systems of histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy best stratifies the clinical outcome of patients with localized Ewing sarcoma of bone. METHODS: 474 patients with diagnosis of localized Ewing sarcoma of bone were included. The median follow-up was 13.5 years. RESULTS: The overall survival and the disease-free survival (DFS) were 70.8% and 63.9% at 5 years. The percentage of histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy ranged between 5% and 100% (mean 83%). The agreement between Bologna System and the different percentual cut-offs of histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was high, with kappa statistics of 0.83 for a cut-off of ≥90%; 0.86 for a cut-off of ≥95%; 0.79 for a cut-off of ≥96% and 0.61 for a cut-off of 100%. Statistically higher DFS rates for good responders compared to poor responders were found when using each given system. Model performance indicators showed that Bologna system had a lower AIC score and a higher c-statistics to predict DFS. When the patients classified as good responders using the different percentual cut-offs of histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, were instead re-classified using the Bologna system, statistical differences were noted in DFS within each specific group. CONCLUSIONS: All scoring tools to evaluate histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy offer good predictive value for DFS in localized Ewing's sarcoma of bone. The Bologna system better stratifies those patients with histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 90 and 99%, representing a more reliable scoring tool in this subset.

10.
Histopathology ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428796

RESUMO

AIMS: To present our experience on spinal sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) and review the existing literature pertaining to SEF of the spine. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six cases of spinal SEF were reviewed, and a literature search of all primary SEFs of the spine was performed. All tumours occurred in adults (median age, 41 years) and were located all along the spine, the lumbar vertebrae being the most commonly involved. All patients presented with pain that they had experienced for months. The mean tumour size at diagnosis was 52 mm. Five tumours showed a spectrum of microscopic features consistent with pure SEF, and one showed a hybrid morphology with areas of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma. All were diffusely and strongly positive for mucin 4. Two cases were initially misdiagnosed as epithelioid haemangioendothelioma and aggressive chondroblastoma. Fluorescence in-situ hybridisation showed rearrangements of either FUS or EWSR1 in four cases. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed the presence of FUS-CREB3L1 and EWSR1-CREB3L1 fusion transcripts in two cases and one case, respectively. Of five patients with follow-up data available, two developed one or more local recurrences and three patients had metastatic disease. Distant metastases were mainly to other osseous locations, followed by lungs and lymph nodes. At last follow-up, three patients had died of disease and one was alive with multiple metastases. CONCLUSIONS: SEF is an aggressive sarcoma that can involve the spine. It is important to recognise the spine as the primary location of SEF, in order to avoid misdiagnosis as more common primary spinal neoplasms, which can impact on therapeutic approaches.

11.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511430

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of beta-catenin immunohistochemical expression in the differential diagnosis of osteoid-producing primary tumors of bone. Seventy cases of osteoid-producing tumors of bone (24 conventional osteosarcomas, 18 osteoblastomas, 13 osteoblastoma-like osteosarcomas, 10 chondroblastomas, and 5 chondroblastoma-like osteosarcomas) diagnosed at Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli were reviewed and evaluated for the intensity, extension, and subcellular distribution of immunohistochemical expression of beta-catenin. A majority of cases (73%, 51 cases) exhibited cytoplasmic and/or membranous positivity in varied degrees of intensity and proportion of positive cells, in the absence of nuclear staining. Fifteen cases (21%) were completely negative, including two osteoblastomas, five chondroblastomas, three conventional osteosarcomas, four osteoblastoma-like osteosarcomas, and one chondroblastoma-like osteosarcoma. A minority of cases (6%) including three osteoblastoma-like osteosarcomas and one osteoblastoma showed focal nuclear beta-catenin positivity with or without concomitant cytoplasmic staining. In the current series, beta-catenin showed not to be useful in the differential diagnosis of osteoid-producing primary bone tumors.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478107

RESUMO

A complete understanding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) physiopathology and related histopathologic lesions is necessary to improve treatment and outcome of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Many studies have focused on autopsy findings in COVID-19-related deaths to try and define any possible specific pattern. Histopathologic alterations are principally found within lungs and blood vessels, and these abnormalities also seem to have the highest clinical impact. Nevertheless, many of the morphological data collected so far are non-specific, fickle, and possibly associated with other co-existing factors. The aim of this minireview is to describe the main histopathological features related to COVID-19 and the mechanism known as "cytokine storm".


Assuntos
/imunologia , Lesão Pulmonar/imunologia , Lesão Pulmonar/virologia , /metabolismo , Autopsia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Citocinas/sangue , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , /isolamento & purificação
13.
J Clin Pathol ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293353

RESUMO

This manuscript concerns the ethical aspects of the clinical autopsy procedure. Much of the literature on this topic addresses some of the multifaceted issues potentially involved: religious beliefs and/or cultural traditions coming to bear on the management of autopsies, relations between families and healthcare personnel (physicians and technicians) involved in conducting an autopsy, ethical implications of regulations to follow and procedures for obtaining biological samples for further diagnostics or research. All these issues have ethical implications, particularly in today's globalised cultural domain. To preserve for future generations the teaching and scientific value of the clinical autopsy, scientific societies and academic institutions should endorse educational efforts to promote the ethical management of autopsy procedures.

14.
Eur J Haematol ; 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired disorder, characterized by immune-mediated platelet destruction. The spleen plays a key pathogenic role in ITP and splenectomy is a valuable second-line therapy for this disease. Little is known on ITP spleen histology and response to splenectomy is unpredictable. This study aims to characterize ITP spleen histology and assess possible predictors of splenectomy outcome. METHODS: A series of 23 ITP spleens were retrospectively assessed for the following histological parameters: density of lymphoid follicles (LFs), marginal zones (MZs), T helper and cytotoxic T cells; presence of reactive germinal centers (GCs); width of perivascular T cell sheaths; and red pulp features. Clinical and histological data were matched with postsplenectomy platelet counts to assess their prognostic relevance. RESULTS: Three histological patterns were documented: a hyperplastic white pulp pattern, a non-activated white pulp pattern (lacking GCs), and a white pulp-depleted pattern. Poor surgical responses were associated with presplenectomy high-dose steroid administration, autoimmune comorbidities and low T follicular helper cell density. The combination of such parameters stratified patients into different splenectomy response groups. The removal of accessory spleens was also associated with better outcome. CONCLUSION: ITP spleens are histologically heterogeneous and clinical-pathological parameters may help predict the splenectomy outcome.

15.
Pathologica ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179613

RESUMO

Objective: To report the exceptional occurrence of ossifying fibromyxoid tumour (OFMT) as a primary bone lesion. OFMT is a rare soft tissue tumour of uncertain differentiation and variable malignant potential, that occurs in adults with a slight male predominance. It is typically located in the subcutis or in the skeletal muscles of the extremities, followed by trunk or head and neck. Methods: Two cases of OFMT proven to arise from bone are presented. The first is a 65-year old female with a history of rib "osteosarcoma", presenting with an inferior lobe left lung mass. The second is a man with a lytic lesion of the 5th cervical vertebra that recurred shortly after resection. Following H&E and immunohistochemical examination, tumour samples were analysed by NGS and by break-apart FISH to detect rearrangement of the PHF1 and TFE3 genes. Results: PHF1 gene-rearrangement was identified by FISH on both the primary and the metastatic lesion of first patient. NGS identified a PHF1(intron1) and EPC1 (exon 10) fusion transcript later confirmed by positive PHF1 rearrangement on FISH in the second case. Conclusions: The demonstration of PHF1 gene rearrangements represents a fundamental ancillary diagnostic test when presented with challenging examples of OFMT.

16.
Pathologica ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179614

RESUMO

Mesenchymal tumours represent one of the most challenging field of diagnostic pathology and refinement of classification schemes plays a key role in improving the quality of pathologic diagnosis and, as a consequence, of therapeutic options. The recent publication of the new WHO classification of Soft Tissue Tumours and Bone represents a major step toward improved standardization of diagnosis. Importantly, the 2020 WHO classification has been opened to expert clinicians that have further contributed to underline the key value of pathologic diagnosis as a rationale for proper treatment. Several relevant advances have been introduced. In the attempt to improve the prediction of clinical behaviour of solitary fibrous tumour, a risk assessment scheme has been implemented. NTRK-rearranged soft tissue tumours are now listed as an "emerging entity" also in consideration of the recent therapeutic developments in terms of NTRK inhibition. This decision has been source of a passionate debate regarding the definition of "tumour entity" as well as the consequences of a "pathology agnostic" approach to precision oncology. In consideration of their distinct clinicopathologic features, undifferentiated round cell sarcomas are now kept separate from Ewing sarcoma and subclassified, according to the underlying gene rearrangements, into three main subgroups (CIC, BCLR and not ETS fused sarcomas) Importantly, In order to avoid potential confusion, tumour entities such as gastrointestinal stroma tumours are addressed homogenously across the different WHO fascicles. Pathologic diagnosis represents the integration of morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics and is a key element of clinical decision making. The WHO classification is as a key instrument to promote multidisciplinarity, stimulating pathologists, geneticists and clinicians to join efforts aimed to translate novel pathologic findings into more effective treatments.

17.
Virchows Arch ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005982

RESUMO

Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (M-GNET) and clear cell sarcoma (CCS) of soft tissue represent closely related, extremely rare, malignant mesenchymal neoplasm of uncertain differentiation. Both entities are characterized genetically by the same molecular alterations represented by the presence of EWSR1-ATF1 and, more rarely, EWSR1-CREB1 fusion genes. The latter translocation seems to be more represented in M-GNET that, despite significant morphologic overlap with CCS, tends to lack overt features of melanocytic differentiation. Most M-GNET occur in the lower gastrointestinal tract, whereas occurrence in the upper tract has been reported only exceptionally. The differential diagnosis represents a major challenge, and accurate diagnosis impact significantly on therapeutic planning. We herein report the clinicopathologic features of a molecularly confirmed M-GNET that arose at the base of the tongue and review the pertinent literature.

18.
JCI Insight ; 5(22)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048845

RESUMO

Intratumoral immune infiltrate was recently reported in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). However, the tumor-intrinsic factors that dictate GIST immunogenicity are still largely undefined. To shed light on this issue, a large cohort (82 samples) of primary untreated GISTs, representative of major clinicopathological variables, was investigated by an integrated immunohistochemical, transcriptomic, and computational approach. Our results indicate that tumor genotype, location, and malignant potential concur to shape the immunogenicity of primary naive GISTs. Immune infiltration was greater in overt GISTs compared with that in lesions with limited malignant potential (miniGISTs), in KIT/PDGFRA-mutated tumors compared with that in KIT/PDGFRA WT tumors, and in PDGFRA-mutated compared with KIT-mutated GISTs. Within the KIT-mutated subset, a higher degree of immune colonization was detected in the intestine. Immune hot tumors showed expression patterns compatible with a potentially proficient but curbed antigen-specific immunity, hinting at sensitivity to immunomodulatory treatments. Poorly infiltrated GISTs, primarily KIT/PDGFRA WT intestinal tumors, showed activation of Hedgehog and WNT/ß-catenin immune excluding pathways. This finding discloses a potential therapeutic vulnerability, as the targeting of these pathways might prove effective by both inhibiting pro-oncogenic signals and fostering antitumor immune responses. Finally, an intriguing anticorrelation between immune infiltration and ANO1/DOG1 expression was observed, suggesting an immunomodulatory activity for anoctamin-1.

19.
Cancer ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to report on a retrospective series of patients with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) who received treatment with sirolimus within the Italian Rare Cancer Network. METHODS: From January 2005, 38 adult patients with advanced EHE received continuous-dosing sirolimus, 5 mg daily, until they developed either toxicity or disease progression. Disease progression in the 6 months before the start of treatment was required. Each pathologic diagnosis was reviewed. The daily dose of sirolimus was adjusted based on plasma levels. Response was retrospectively assessed by local investigators using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 (RECIST). Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: All 38 patients (WW Domain Containing Transcription Regulator 1 [WWTR1]-positive, n = 37; transcription factor E3 [TFE3]-positive, n = 1) had disease progression before starting sirolimus (at baseline, 13 of 38 patients had the presence of serosal effusions and systemic symptoms). Thirty-seven patients were evaluable for response (there was 1 early interruption). The best RECIST responses were a partial response in 4 patients (10.8%), stable disease in 28 patients (75.7%), and disease progression in 5 patients (13.5%). At a 41.5-month median follow-up (interquartile range [IQR], 23.9-56.8 months), the median PFS was 13 months (95% CI, 3.7 months to not estimated [NE]), and the median OS was 18.8 months (95% CI, 10.6 months to NE). In patients who had serosal effusions at baseline, the median PFS was 4.8 months (IQR, 3.5-11.7 months), and the median OS was 10.6 months (IQR, 5.1-13.0 months), compared with 47.8 months (IQR, 11.4 months to NE) and 47.8 months (IQR, 15.7 months to NE), respectively, in patients without serosal effusions. Overall, sirolimus was fairly well tolerated, with 10 patients reporting irregular menstruation/ovary disfunction. CONCLUSIONS: The current results confirm that sirolimus is active in EHE, leading to prolonged stabilization in most patients who present without serosal effusions. Serosal effusions are confirmed as an unfavorable prognostic sign associated with short survival, and sirolimus displays limited activity in this subgroup.

20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(27): 3865-3888, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774063

RESUMO

The landscape of neoplastic pathology of the oesophagus is dominated by malignancies of epithelial origin, in particular by oesophageal adenocarcinoma and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, several other histopathological variants can be distinguished, some associated with peculiar histopathological profiles and prognostic behaviours and frequently underrecognized in clinical practice. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive characterization of the main morphological and clinical features of these rare variants of oesophageal neoplastic lesions.

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