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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2002812, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614510

RESUMO

2D hybrid halide perovskites with the formula (A')2 (A)n -1 Pbn I3 n +1 have remarkable stability and promising efficiency in photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices, yet fundamental understanding of film formation, key to optimizing these devices, is lacking. Here, in situ grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) is used to monitor film formation during spin-coating. This elucidates the general film formation mechanism of 2D halide perovskites during one-step spin-coating. There are three stages of film formation: sol-gel, oriented 3D, and 2D. Three precursor phases form during the sol-gel stage and transform to perovskite, first giving a highly oriented 3D-like phase at the air/liquid interface followed by subsequent nucleations forming slightly less oriented 2D perovskite. Furthermore, heating before crystallization leads to fewer nucleations and faster removal of the precursors, improving orientation. This outlines the primary causes of phase distribution and perpendicular orientation in 2D perovskite films and paves the way for rationally designed film fabrication techniques.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492336

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskites are promising semiconductors with tailorable optical and electronic properties. The choice of A-site cation to support a three-dimensional (3D) perovskite structure AMX3 (where M is a metal and X is a halide) is limited by the geometric Goldschmidt tolerance factor. However, this geometric constraint can be relaxed in two-dimensional (2D) perovskites, providing us an opportunity to understand how various A-site cations modulate the structural properties and thereby the optoelectronic properties. Here, we report the synthesis and structures of single-crystal (BA)2(A)Pb2I7 where BA = butylammonium and A = methylammonium (MA), formamidinium (FA), dimethylammonium (DMA), or guanidinium (GA), with a series of A-site cations varying in size. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction reveals that the MA, FA, and GA structures crystallize in the same Cmcm space group, while the DMA imposes the Ccmb space group. We observe that as the A-site cation becomes larger, the Pb-I bond continuously elongates, expanding the volume of the perovskite cage, equivalent to exerting "negative pressure" on the perovskite structures. Optical studies and DFT calculations show that the Pb-I bond length elongation reduces the overlap of the Pb s- and I p-orbitals and increases the optical bandgap, while Pb-I-Pb tilting angles play a secondary role. Raman spectra show lattice softening with increasing size of the A-site cation. These structural changes with enlarged A cations result in significant decreases in photoluminescence intensity and lifetime, consistent with a more pronounced nonradiative decay. Transient absorption microscopy results suggest that the PL drop may derive from a higher concentration of traps or phonon-assisted nonradiative recombination. The results highlight that extending the range of Goldschmidt tolerance factors for 2D perovskites is achievable, enabling further tuning of the structure-property relationships in 2D perovskites.

3.
Molecules ; 25(10)2020 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456192

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that molecular aggregation structures in precursor solutions of organic photovoltaic (OPV) polymers have substantial influence on polymer film morphology, exciton and charge carrier transport dynamics, and hence, the resultant device performance. To distinguish photophysical impacts due to increasing π-conjugation from chain lengthening and π-π stacking from single/multi chain aggregation in solution and film, we used oligomers of a well-studied charge transfer polymer PTB7 with different lengths as models to reveal intrinsic photophysical properties of a conjugated segment in the absence of inter-segment aggregation. In comparison with previously studied photophysical properties in polymeric PTB7, we found that oligomer dynamics are dominated by a process of planarization of the conjugated backbone into a quinoidal structure that resembles the self-folded polymer and that, when its emission is isolated, this quinoidal excited state resembling the planar polymer chain exhibits substantial charge transfer character via solvent-dependent emission shifts. Furthermore, the oligomers distinctly lack the long-lived charge separated species characteristic of PTB7, suggesting that the progression from charge transfer character in isolated chains to exciton splitting in neat polymer solution is modulated by the interchain interactions enabled by self-folding.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279505

RESUMO

Hybrid layered halide perovskites have achieved impressive performance in optoelectronics. New structural types in the two-dimensional (2D) halide system such as the Dion-Jacobson phases have attracted wide research attention due to the short interlayer distance and unique layer orientation that facilitate better charge-transport and higher stability in optoelectronic devices. Here, we report the first solid solution series incorporating both A and A' cations in the 2D Dion-Jacobson family, with the general formula (A')(A)Pb2Br7 ((A' = 3-(aminomethyl)piperidinium (3AMP) and 4-(aminomethyl)piperidinium) (4AMP); A = methylammonium (MA) and formamidinium (FA)). Mixing the spacing A' cations and perovskitizer A cations generates the new (3AMP)a(4AMP)1-a(FA)b(MA)1-bPb2Br7 perovskites. The crystallographically refined crystal structures using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data reveal that the distortion of the inorganic framework is heavily influenced by the degree of A' and A alloying. A rising fraction of 4AMP in the structure, decreases the Pb-Br-Pb angles, making the framework more distorted. On the contrary, higher FA fractions increase the Pb-Br-Pb angles. This structural evolution fine-tunes the optical properties where the larger the Pb-Br-Pb angle, the narrower the band gap. The photoluminescence emission energy mirrors this trend. Raman spectroscopy reveals a highly dynamical lattice similar to MAPbBr3 and consistent with the local distortion environment of the [Pb2Br7] framework. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the electronic structures reveal the same trend as the experimental results where (3AMP)(FA)Pb2Br7 has the smallest band gap while (4AMP)(MA)Pb2Br7 has the largest band gap. The structural effects from solely the organic cations in the 2D system highlight the importance of understanding the high sensitivity of the optoelectronic properties on the structural tuning in this broad class of materials.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283025

RESUMO

The optical and light emission properties of tin and lead halide perovskites are remarkable because of the robust room-temperature (RT) performance, broad wavelength tunability, high efficiency, and good quenching resistance to defects. These highly desirable attributes promise to transform current light-emitting devices, phosphors, and lasers. One disadvantage in most of these materials is the sensitivity to moisture. Here, we report a new air-stable one-dimensional (1D) hybrid lead-free halide material (DAO)Sn2I6 (DAO, 1,8-octyldiammonium) that is resistant to water for more than 15 h. The material exhibits a sharp optical absorption edge at 2.70 eV and a strong broad orange light emission centered at 634 nm, with a full width at half-maximum (fwhm) of 142 nm (0.44 eV). The emission has a long photoluminescence (PL) lifetime of 582 ns, while the intensity is constant over a very broad temperature range (145-415 K) with a photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of at least 20.3% at RT. Above 415 K the material undergoes a structural phase transition from monoclinic (C2/c) to orthorhombic (Ibam) accompanied by a red shift in the band gap and a quench in the photoluminescence emission. Density functional theory calculations support the trend in the optical properties and the 1D electronic nature of the structure, where the calculated carrier effective masses along the inorganic chain are significantly lower than those perpendicular to the chain. Thin films of the compound readily fabricated from solutions exhibit the same optical properties, but with improved PLQY of 36%, for a 60 nm thick film, among the highest reported for lead-free low-dimensional 2D and 1D perovskites and metal halides.

6.
Nanoscale ; 12(17): 9661-9668, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319509

RESUMO

Colloidal CdSe nanoplatelets, with the electronic structure of quantum wells, self-assemble into lamellar stacks due to large co-facial van der Waals attractions. These lamellar stacks are shown to display coherent acoustic phonons that are detected from oscillatory changes in the absorption spectrum observed in infrared pump, electronic probe measurements. Rather than direct electronic excitation of the nanocrystals using a femtosecond laser, impulsive transfer of heat from the organic ligand shell, excited at C-H stretching vibrational resonances, to the inorganic core of individual nanoplatelets occurs on a time-scale of <100 ps. This heat transfer drives in-phase longitudinal acoustic phonons of the nanoplatelet lamellae, which are accompanied by subtle deformations along the nanoplatelet short axes. The frequencies of the oscillations vary from 0.7 to 2 GHz (3-8 µeV and 0.5-1 ns oscillation period) depending on the thickness of the nanoplatelets-but not their lateral areas-and the temperature of the sample. Temperature-dependence of the acoustic phonon frequency conveys a substantial stiffening of the organic ligand bonds between nanoplatelets with reduced temperature. These results demonstrate a potential for acoustic modulation of the excitonic structure of nanocrystal assemblies in self-assembled anisotropic semiconductor systems at temperatures at or above 300 K.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176495

RESUMO

Large organic A cations cannot stabilize the 3D perovskite AMX3 structure because they cannot be accommodated in the cubo-octhedral cage (do not follow the Goldschmidt tolerance factor rule), and they generally template low-dimensional structures. Here we report that the large dication aminomethylpyridinium (AMPY) can template novel 3D structures which resemble conventional perovskites. They have the formula (xAMPY)M2I6 (x = 3 or 4, M = Sn2+ or Pb2+) which is double of the AMX3 formula. However, because of the steric requirement of the Goldschmidt tolerance factor rule, it is impossible for (xAMPY)M2I6 to form proper perovskite structures. Instead, a combination of corner-sharing and edge-sharing connectivity is adopted in these compounds leading to the new 3D structures. DFT calculations reveal that the compounds are indirect band gap semiconductors with direct band gaps presenting at slightly higher energies and dispersive electronic bands. The indirect band gaps of the Sn and Pb compounds are ∼1.7 and 2.0 eV, respectively, which is slightly higher than the corresponding AMI3 3D perovskites. The Raman spectra for the compounds are diffuse, with a broad rising central peak at very low frequencies around 0 cm-1, a feature that is characteristic of dynamical lattices, high anharmonicity, and dissipative vibrations very similar to the 3D AMX3 perovskites. Devices of (3AMPY)Pb2I6 crystals exhibit clear photoresponse under ambient light without applied bias, reflecting a high carrier mobility (µ) and long carrier lifetime (τ). The devices also exhibit sizable X-ray generated photocurrent with a high µτ product of ∼1.2 × 10-4 cm2 /V and an X-ray sensitivity of 207 µC·Gy-1·cm-2.

8.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150383

RESUMO

Silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) with bright bandgap photoluminescence (PL) are of current interest for a range of potential applications, from solar windows to biomedical contrast agents. Here, we use the liquid precursor cyclohexasilane (Si6H12) for the plasma synthesis of colloidal SiNCs with exemplary core emission. Through size separation executed in an oxygen-shielded environment, we achieve PL quantum yields (QYs) approaching 70% while exposing intrinsic constraints on efficient core emission from smaller SiNCs. Time-resolved PL spectra of these fractions in response to femtosecond pulsed excitation reveal a zero-phonon radiative channel that anticorrelates with QY, which we model using advanced computational methods applied to a 2 nm SiNC. Our results offer additional insight into the photophysical interplay of the nanocrystal surface, quasi-direct recombination, and efficient SiNC core PL.

9.
Nano Lett ; 20(2): 1468-1474, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004007

RESUMO

We report how the direction of quantum dot (QD) lasing can be engineered by exploiting high-symmetry points in plasmonic nanoparticle (NP) lattices. The nanolaser architecture consists of CdSe-CdS core-shell QD layers conformally coated on two-dimensional square arrays of Ag NPs. Using waveguide-surface lattice resonances (W-SLRs) near the Δ point in the Brillouin zone as optical feedback, we achieved lasing from the gain in CdS shells at off-normal emission angles. Changing the periodicity of the plasmonic lattices enables other high-symmetry points (Γ or M) of the lattice to overlap with the QD shell emission, which facilitates tuning of the lasing direction. We also increased the thickness of the QD layer to introduce higher-order W-SLR modes with additional avoided crossings in the band structure, which expands the selection of cavity modes for any desired lasing emission angle.

10.
J Chem Phys ; 152(4): 044711, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007060

RESUMO

Rational design of heterojunctions using nanostructured materials is a useful strategy for achieving efficient interfacial charge separation in photovoltaics. Heterojunctions can be constructed between the organic ligands and the inorganic layers in two-dimensional perovskites, taking advantage of their highly programmable structures. Here, we investigate charge transfer and recombination at the interface between the thiophene-based semiconducting ligands and the lead halide inorganic sublattices using time-resolved photoluminescence and transient reflection spectroscopy in single two-dimensional perovskite crystals. These measurements demonstrate the charge transfer time around 10 ps and long-lived charge-separated state over the nanosecond time scale in two-dimensional ligand-perovskite heterostructures. The efficient charge transfer processes coupled with slow charge recombination suggest the potential for improving exciton dissociation and charge transport in two-dimensional perovskite solar cells.

11.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049478

RESUMO

The tailored spatial polarization of coherent light beams is important for applications ranging from microscopy to biophysics to quantum optics. Miniaturized light sources are needed for integrated, on-chip photonic devices with desired vector beams; however, this issue is unresolved because most lasers rely on bulky optical elements to achieve such polarization control. Here, we report on quantum dot-plasmon lasers with engineered polarization patterns controllable by near-field coupling of colloidal quantum dots to metal nanoparticles. Conformal coating of CdSe-CdS core-shell quantum dot films on Ag nanoparticle lattices enables the formation of hybrid waveguide-surface lattice resonance (W-SLR) modes. The sidebands of these hybrid modes at nonzero wavevectors facilitate directional lasing emission with either radial or azimuthal polarization depending on the thickness of the quantum dot film.

12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 151, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919343

RESUMO

State-of-the-art halide perovskite solar cells have bandgaps larger than 1.45 eV, which restricts their potential for realizing the Shockley-Queisser limit. Previous search for low-bandgap (1.2 to 1.4 eV) halide perovskites has resulted in several candidates, but all are hybrid organic-inorganic compositions, raising potential concern regarding device stability. Here we show the promise of an inorganic low-bandgap (1.38 eV) CsPb0.6Sn0.4I3 perovskite stabilized via interface functionalization. Device efficiency up to 13.37% is demonstrated. The device shows high operational stability under one-sun-intensity illumination, with T80 and T70 lifetimes of 653 h and 1045 h, respectively (T80 and T70 represent efficiency decays to 80% and 70% of the initial value, respectively), and long-term shelf stability under nitrogen atmosphere. Controlled exposure of the device to ambient atmosphere during a long-term (1000 h) test does not degrade the efficiency. These findings point to a promising direction for achieving low-bandgap perovskite solar cells with high stability.

13.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(51): 10980-10989, 2019 12 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729229

RESUMO

We report a self-assembled triad for artificial photosynthesis composed of a chromophore, carbon-dioxide reduction catalyst, and hydrogen-oxidation complex, which is designed to operate without conventional sacrificial redox equivalents. Excitation of the zinc-porphyrin chromophore of the triad results in ultrafast charge transfer between a tungsten-alkylidyne donor and a rhenium diimine tricarbonyl acceptor, producing a charge-separated state that persists on the time scale of tens of nanoseconds and is thermodynamically capable of the primary dihydrogen and carbon dioxide binding steps for initiating the reverse water-gas shift reaction. The charge-transfer behavior of this system was probed using transient absorption spectroscopy in the visible, near-infrared, and mid-infrared spectral regions. The behavior of the triad was compared with that of the zinc-porphyrin-rhenium-diimide dyad; the triad was found to have a significantly longer charge-separated lifetime than other previously reported porphyrin-rhenium diimine compounds.

14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4946, 2019 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666508

RESUMO

Due to their exceptional high energy density, lithium-ion batteries are of central importance in many modern electrical devices. A serious limitation, however, is the slow charging rate used to obtain the full capacity. Thus far, there have been no ways to increase the charging rate without losses in energy density and electrochemical performance. Here we show that the charging rate of a cathode can be dramatically increased via interaction with white light. We find that a direct exposure of light to an operating LiMn2O4 cathode during charging leads to a remarkable lowering of the battery charging time by a factor of two or more. This enhancement is enabled by the induction of a microsecond long-lived charge separated state, consisting of Mn4+ (hole) plus electron. This results in more oxidized metal centers and ejected lithium ions are created under light and with voltage bias. We anticipate that this discovery could pave the way to the development of new fast recharging battery technologies.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(50): 19728-19735, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743009

RESUMO

The synthesis of periodic two-dimensional (2D) polymers and characterization of their optoelectronic behaviors are challenges at the forefront of polymer chemistry and materials science. Recently, we showed that layered 2D polymers known as 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) can be synthesized as single crystals by preparing COF particles as colloidal suspensions. Here we expand this approach from the condensation of boronic acids and catechols to the dehydrative trimerization of polyboronic acids. The resulting boroxine-linked colloids are the next class of 2D COFs to be obtained as single-crystalline particles, as demonstrated here for four 2D COFs and one 3D COF. Colloidal stabilization enables detailed structural analysis by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Solution fluorescence spectroscopy revealed that the COF crystallites are highly emissive compared to their respective monomer solutions. Excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy indicated that the origin of this enhanced emission can be attributed to through-space communication of chromophores between COF sheets. These observations will motivate the development of colloidal COF systems as a platform to organize functional aromatic systems into precise and predictable assemblies with emergent properties.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(21): 6525-6535, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596102

RESUMO

To go beyond the PC60 surfactant structure, the double-layer micelle morphology in water motivates exploration of altered protocols to produce new morphologies. Furthermore, the low photoluminescence quantum yield of aqueous fullerene-based particles encourages high fluorescence to create a light-emitting display. With this in mind, we established new hybrid n-type nanospheres with carbon quantum dot (CQD)-embedded PC60-PC61BM particles, processed using two different protocols. The homogenizer-assisted PC60-CQD-PC61BM resulted in a watermelon-shaped spherical particle, whereas a circular morphology with randomly embedded CQDs was observed in the microwave-treated hybrids. More surprisingly, the watermelon-shaped colloid induced efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the CQD and C60 molecules of PC61BM, and the FRET-mediated emission signature diminished gradually as the stripe patterns collapsed. This phenomenon allowed different fluorescent colors in the colloidal printing film. We thereby provided the new carrier dynamics of the particle photonic activities of the developed aqueous PC60-based colloids with the possibility of ecological utilization.

17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4511, 2019 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586067

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum wells are two-dimensional materials grown with atomically-precise thickness that dictates their electronic structure. Although intersubband absorption in epitaxial quantum wells is well-known, analogous observations in non-epitaxial two-dimensional materials are sparse. Here we show that CdSe nanoplatelet quantum wells have narrow (30-200 meV), polarized intersubband absorption features when photoexcited or under applied bias, which can be tuned by thickness across the near-infrared (NIR) spectral window (900-1600 nm) inclusive of important telecommunications wavelengths. By examination of the optical absorption and polarization-resolved measurements, the NIR absorptions are assigned to electron intersubband transitions. Under photoexcitation, the intersubband features display hot carrier and Auger recombination effects similar to excitonic absorptions. Sequenced two-color photoexcitation permits the sub-picosecond modulation of the carrier temperature in such colloidal quantum wells. This work suggests that colloidal quantum wells may be promising building blocks for NIR technologies.

18.
Nano Lett ; 19(11): 8155-8160, 2019 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603685

RESUMO

Thermal transport across interfaces depends on the matching of vibrational structure at the interface. This work examines the transfer of thermal excitation from an organic ligand coating to either all-inorganic cesium lead tribromide (CsPbBr3) nanocrystals or hybrid organic-inorganic formamidinium lead tribromide (FAPbBr3) nanocrystals using selective infrared optical excitation. These two semiconductors are directly compared because they (or similar semiconductors) are currently envisioned as strong candidates in many optoelectronic technologies and they differ due to the presence of an organic or inorganic cation, which introduces substantial differences in the phonon density of states in otherwise quite similar semiconductors. Infrared excitation of C-H vibrations of surface-bound ligands generates a temperature gradient between the organic ligand shell and nanocrystal core, which results in heat flow, measured by probing changes of the semiconductor band gap. Heat transfer to both perovskite compositions of comparable sizes is similar (25-30 ps), due to fast intramolecular vibrational relaxation and similar matching of low-energy phonons with the organic ligand, but FAPbBr3 samples show a slow bleaching kinetic on the order of 1 ns. This slow, heat-induced change in the semiconductor band gap is attributed not to interfacial heat transfer but instead to thermal equilibration between the organic and inorganic sublattices of FAPbBr3. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations support the hypothesis that low-energy inorganic sublattice phonon modes are populated initially in the heat transfer process, with a slow thermal population of the higher-energy phonon modes associated primarily with the organic cation. Slow thermal equilibration of FAPbBr3 is likely to substantially impact the time-dependent response of optoelectronic devices that heat the semiconductor active layer and provide further evidence that the poor bulk thermal transport of hybrid perovskite materials extends to microscopic thermal processes.

19.
Nano Lett ; 19(9): 6435-6441, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390214

RESUMO

This paper reports hierarchical hybridization as a mode-mixing scheme to account for the unique optical properties of non-Bravais lattices of plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs). The formation of surface lattice resonances (SLRs) mediated by localized surface plasmons (LSPs) of different multipolar orders (dipole and quadrupole) can result in asymmetric electric near-field distributions surrounding the NPs. This asymmetry is because of LSP hybridization at the individual NP level from LSPs of different multipole order and at the unit cell level (NP dimer) from LSPs of the same multipole order. Fabricated honeycomb lattices of silver NPs exhibit ultrasharp SLRs at the Γ point that can also facilitate nanolasing. Modeling of the stimulated emission process revealed that the multipolar component of the lattice plasmon mode was responsible for feedback for lasing. By leveraging multipolar LSP responses in Al NP lattices, we achieved two distinct Γ point band-edge modes from a single honeycomb lattice. This work highlights how multipolar LSP coupling in plasmonic lattices with a non-Bravais symmetry has important implications for the design of SLRs and their associated plasmonic near-field distributions. These relatively unexplored degrees of freedom can decrease both ohmic and radiative losses in nanoscale systems and enable SLRs to build unanticipated connections among photonics and nanochemistry.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(32): 12880-12890, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313919

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) halide perovskites have extraordinary optoelectronic properties and structural tunability. Among them, the Dion-Jacobson phases with the inorganic layers stacking exactly on top of each other are less explored. Herein, we present the new series of 2D Dion-Jacobson halide perovskites, which adopt the general formula of A'An-1PbnI3n+1 (A' = 4-(aminomethyl)pyridinium (4AMPY), A = methylammonium (MA), n = 1-4). By modifying the position of the CH2NH3+ group from 4AMPY to 3AMPY (3AMPY = 3-(aminomethyl)pyridinium), the stacking of the inorganic layers changes from exactly eclipsed to slightly offset. The perovskite octahedra tilts are also different between the two series, with the 3AMPY series exhibiting smaller bandgaps than the 4AMPY series. Compared to the aliphatic cation of the same size (AMP = (aminomethyl)piperidinium), the aromatic spacers increase the rigidity of the cation, reduce the interlayer spacing, and decrease the dielectric mismatch between inorganic layer and the organic spacer, showing the indirect but powerful influence of the organic cations on the structure and consequently on the optical properties of the perovskite materials. All A'An-1PbnI3n+1 compounds exhibit strong photoluminescence (PL) at room temperature. Preliminary solar cell devices based on the n = 4 perovskites as absorbers of both series exhibit promising performances, with a champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.20% for (3AMPY)(MA)3Pb4I13-based devices, which is higher than the (4AMPY)(MA)3Pb4I13 and the corresponding aliphatic analogue (3AMP)(MA)3Pb4I13-based ones.

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