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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615149

RESUMO

Many European countries have implemented pension reforms to increase the statutory retirement age with the aim of increasing labor supply. However, not all older workers may be able or want to work to a very high age. Using a nation-wide register data of labor market transitions, we investigated in this natural experiment the effect of an unexpected change in the Dutch pension system on labor market behaviors of older workers. Specifically, we analyzed transitions in labor market positions over a 5-year period in two nation-wide Dutch cohorts of employees aged 60 years until they reached the retirement age (n = 23,703). We compared transitions between the group that was still entitled to receive early retirement benefits to a group that was no longer entitled to receive early retirement benefits. Results showed that the pension reform was effective in prolonging work participation until the statutory retirement age (82% vs. 61% at age 64), but also to a larger proportion of unemployment benefits in the 1950 cohort (2.0%-4.2%) compared to the 1949 cohort (1.4%-3.2%). Thus, while ambitious pension reforms can benefit labor supply, the adverse effects should be considered, especially because other studies have shown a link between unemployment and poor health.

2.
Qual Life Res ; 28(8): 2233-2246, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to improve the measurement of participation. Research questions were as follows: (1) What constitutes participation according to adults? (2) Do they mention participation subdomains that are not covered in the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item bank "Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities"? METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 46 adults from the general population. Interviews were thematically analysed using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as conceptual framework. Thereafter, assigned codes were compared to PROMIS item bank. RESULTS: Participants mentioned a variety of participation subdomains that were meaningful to them, such as socializing and employment. All subdomains could be classified into the ICF. The following subdomains were not covered by the PROMIS item bank: acquisition of necessities, education life, economic life, community life, and religion and spirituality. Also a distinction between remunerative (i.e. paid) and non-remunerative (i.e. unpaid) employment, and domestic life was missing. Several ICF sub-codes were not mentioned, such as ceremonies. CONCLUSIONS: Many participation subdomains were mentioned to be meaningful. As several of these subdomains are not covered in the PROMIS item bank, it may benefit from extension with new (patient-)reported subdomains of participation.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Participação Social/psicologia , Adulto , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Emprego , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
3.
J Epidemiol Community Health ; 73(2): 136-141, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to provide insight into (1) the associations between having a chronic disease and participation in paid work, volunteer activities or informal care, (2) the associations between the onset of a chronic disease and these forms of societal participation, and (3) whether these associations differ across educational level and gender. METHODS: The study population consisted of n=21 875 respondents of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe aged between 50 years and the country-specific retirement age. The influence of having and the onset of a chronic disease on societal participation was analysed using a hybrid Poisson regression model, combining fixed and random effects, and presented by relative risks (RRs). RESULTS: Individuals with a chronic disease were less likely to participate in paid work (RR: 0.69; 95% CI 0.67 to 0.71) and volunteer activities (RR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.88 to 0.97), but more likely to give informal care (RR: 1.05; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.08). Onset of a chronic disease was associated with a higher likelihood to quit paid work (RR: 0.91; 95% CI 0.86 to 0.97) and to give informal care (RR: 1.08; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.16). Lower educated individuals with a chronic disease or with the onset of a chronic disease were less likely to have paid work than higher educated individuals. CONCLUSION: Individuals with a chronic disease were less likely to participate in paid work and volunteer activities, and more likely to provide informal care. Educational inequalities were present for paid work. More insight into which factors hinder societal participation among individuals with a chronic disease is needed.

4.
Eur J Public Health ; 29(1): 93-98, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020455

RESUMO

Background: It is unknown whether an increase in societal participation is important for individuals with a chronic disease. This study explores whether having paid work, volunteer activities or informal care giving differs for individuals with a chronic disease and those without. Methods: Respondents (n = 1779) aged 55-64 years who participated in the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam in 2002/2003 or 2012/2013 were included. We tested differences in (combinations of) performing paid work, volunteer activities or informal care giving between participants with and without a chronic disease by regression analyses, while taking into account sociodemographic confounders and effect modification by year. Results: Having a chronic disease was associated with having paid work in 2002/2003 (OR: 0.5; 95% CI: 04-0.7), but not in 2012/2013 (OR: 0.7; 95% CI: 0.4-1.1). Work participation of participants with (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0-2.2) and without a chronic disease (OR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.3-3.9) increased in 2012/2013. Participants with a chronic disease are more likely to participate in volunteer activities than paid work. No statistically significant associations were found between having a chronic disease and informal care giving. Conclusion: Participation in paid work differs between individuals aged 55-64 years with a chronic disease and those without, but participation in informal care giving did not. Individuals with a chronic disease are more likely to participate in volunteer activities than paid work. Future research should focus on differences in societal participation within heterogeneous group of individuals with a chronic disease, since differences may be present in subgroups with specific chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Participação Social/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1083, 2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, determinants of retirement timing have been studied separately within various disciplines, such as occupational health and economics. This narrative literature review explores the determinants of retirement timing in countries, and relevant domains among older workers from both an economic and occupational health perspective. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using 11 databases. Longitudinal studies on determinants of retirement timing were included. Study inclusion criteria were as follows: full-text article written in English or Dutch, conducted in humans, main outcome was time until retirement (i.e. retirement date or retirement age), and longitudinal design. Next, the included articles were screened for hypotheses on retirement timing and these articles with hypotheses were subjected to a quality assessment. Determinants for retirement timing were classified into multiple domains by three researchers. RESULTS: The literature search identified 20 articles. The determinants of retirement timing were classified into eight domains: demographic factors, health factors, social factors, social participation, work characteristics, financial factors, retirement preferences, and macro effects. In total, we identified 49 determinants, ranging from one (social, and retirement preferences) to 21 determinants (work characteristics) per domain. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that there is a wide range of determinants that influence retirement timing in modern industrialized countries and that these determinants differ between countries. We recommend that researchers include determinants from various domains when studying retirement timing, while taking into account a country's context.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Países Desenvolvidos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Tempo
6.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 265, 2018 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29454334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of retirees continue to work beyond retirement despite being eligible to retire. As the prevalence of chronic disease increases with age, working beyond retirement may go along with having a chronic disease. Working beyond retirement may be different for retirees with and without chronic disease. We aim to investigate whether demographic, socioeconomic and work characteristics, health and social factors predict working beyond retirement, in workers with and without a chronic disease. METHODS: Employees aged 56-64 years were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (N = 1125). Questionnaire data on demographic and work characteristics, health, social factors, and working beyond retirement were linked to registry data from Statistics Netherlands on socioeconomic characteristics. Separate prediction models were built for retirees with and without chronic disease using multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Workers without chronic disease were more likely to work beyond retirement compared to workers with chronic disease (27% vs 23%). In retirees with chronic disease, work and health factors predicted working beyond retirement, while in retirees without a chronic disease, work, health and social factors predicted working beyond retirement. In the final model for workers with chronic disease, healthcare work, better physical health, higher body height, lower physical load and no permanent contract were positively predictive of working beyond retirement. In the final model for workers without chronic disease, feeling full of life and being intensively physically active for > = 2 days per week were positively predictive of working beyond retirement; while manual labor, better recovery, and a partner who did not support working until the statutory retirement age, were negatively predictive of working beyond retirement. CONCLUSIONS: Work and health factors independently predicted working beyond retirement in workers with and without chronic disease, whereas social factors only did so among workers without chronic disease. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics did not independently contribute to prediction of working beyond retirement in any group. As prediction of working beyond retirement was more difficult among workers with a chronic disease, future research is needed in this group.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
J Occup Rehabil ; 28(2): 289-297, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28660365

RESUMO

Purpose In our ageing workforce, the increasing numbers of employees with chronic diseases are encouraged to prolong their working lives. It is important to prevent health deterioration in this vulnerable group. This study aims to investigate whether work characteristics predict health deterioration over a 3-year period among employees with (1) chronic diseases, and, more specifically, (2) musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Methods The study population consisted of 5600 employees aged 45-64 years with a chronic disease, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM). Information on work characteristics was derived from the baseline questionnaire. Health deterioration was defined as a decrease in general health (SF-12) between baseline and follow-up (1-3 years). Crude and adjusted logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate prediction of health deterioration by work characteristics. Subgroup analyses were performed for employees with musculoskeletal and psychological disorders. Results At follow-up, 19.2% of the employees reported health deterioration (N = 1075). Higher social support of colleagues or supervisor predicted health deterioration in the crude analyses in the total group, and the groups with either musculoskeletal or psychological disorders (ORs 1.11-1.42). This effect was not found anymore in the adjusted analyses. The other work characteristics did not predict health deterioration in any group. Conclusions This study did not support our hypothesis that work characteristics predict health deterioration among employees with chronic diseases. As our study population succeeded continuing employment to 45 years and beyond, it was probably a relatively healthy selection of employees.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Scand J Work Environ Health ; 43(4): 326-336, 2017 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28560378

RESUMO

Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands. A prediction model was built consisting of the following blocks: socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and the social environment. First, univariate analyses were performed (P0<.15), followed by correlations and logistic multivariate regression analyses with backward selection per block (P0<.15). All remaining factors were combined into one final model (P0<.05). Results In the final model, only factors from the blocks health, work and social environmental characteristics remained. Better physical health, being intensively physically active for >2 days/week, higher body height, and working in healthcare predicted working beyond retirement. If respondents had a permanent contract or worked in handcraft, or had a partner that did not like them to work until the official retirement age, they were less likely to work beyond retirement. Conclusion Health, work characteristics and social environment predicted working beyond retirement, but register-based socioeconomic and demographic characteristics did not independently predict working beyond retirement. This study shows that working beyond retirement is multifactorial.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Motivação , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Ocupações em Saúde/economia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Aposentadoria/economia , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Meio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 19(5)2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28599091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of early- (E-CMV) and late onset (L-CMV) cytomegalovirus disease on the probability of graft rejection, graft failure, mortality, and healthcare resource use, following solid organ transplantation (SOT) in France. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the French 'Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information' database (2007-2011) was conducted to identify SOT recipients who developed CMV disease in an inpatient setting. Recipients were stratified by time to CMV disease onset: E-CMV (≤3 months), L-CMV-3M (>3-24 months), and L-CMV-6M (>6-24 months). Data were analyzed by comparing recipients with CMV disease or without (controls) in a 1:2 ratio, matched according to age, gender, target organ, and previous/simultaneous occurrence of graft rejection. Graft failure, graft rejection, all-cause in-hospital mortality, and resource utilization (including hospitalization costs) were assessed over 12 months following CMV disease diagnosis. RESULTS: Among 20 473 SOT recipients, 2430 (11.86%) were reported to have CMV disease within 24 months after transplantation. CMV disease was significantly associated with an increased risk of graft rejection and mortality, as indicated by logistic regression analysis. Odd ratios (ORs) for the risk of graft rejection were E-CMV=1.43, L-CMV-3M=1.50, and L-CMV-6M=1.61 (all P<.05), while ORs for mortality were E-CMV=2.85, L-CMV-3M=4.22, and L-CMV-6M=4.77 (all P<.0001). Only L-CMV was significantly correlated with a higher risk of graft failure: E-CMV=1.18 (P=.1906), L-CMV-3M=1.77 (P=.0013), and L-CMV-6M=3.12 (P<.0001). Hospitalization costs increased by €7078 (range €6270-€22 111), €6523 (range €5328-€10 295), and €6311 (range €5295-€9184) in recipients with E-CMV, L-CMV-3M, and L-CMV-6-M, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study, based on French national data, demonstrates the considerable burden of CMV disease in SOT recipients and highlights the importance of developing new strategies to prevent and manage CMV disease and improve clinical outcomes for SOT patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/etiologia , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Transplantados , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , França , Rejeição de Enxerto , Humanos , Incidência , Pacientes Internados , Razão de Chances , Transplante de Órgãos/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
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