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1.
J Prim Prev ; 37(3): 247-61, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26821548

RESUMO

Teenagers face significant risks when using increasingly popular social network sites. Prevention and intervention efforts to raise awareness about these risks and to change risky behavior (so-called "e-safety" interventions) are essential for the wellbeing of these minors. However, several studies have revealed that while school interventions often affect awareness, they have only a limited impact on pupils' unsafe behavior. Utilizing the Theory of Planned Behavior and theories about parental involvement, we hypothesized that involving parents in an e-safety intervention would positively influence pupils' intentions and behavior. In a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-test measures involving 207 pupils in secondary education, we compared the impact of an intervention without parental involvement with one that included active parental involvement by means of a homework task. We found that whereas parental involvement was not necessary to improve the intervention's impact on risk awareness, it did change intentions to engage in certain unsafe behavior, such as posting personal and sexual information on the profile page of a social network site, and in reducing existing problematic behavior. This beneficial impact was particularly evident for boys. These findings suggest that developing prevention campaigns with active parental involvement is well worth the effort. Researchers and developers should therefore focus on other efficient strategies to involve parents.


Assuntos
Assunção de Riscos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais
2.
PLoS One ; 10(12): e0144008, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26641454

RESUMO

This paper investigates teachers' and students' perceptions concerning the impact of using tablet devices for teaching and learning purposes. An explorative focus group study was conducted with teachers (n = 18) and students (n = 39) in a secondary school that has implemented tablet devices since 2012. The general finding of this study shows that the use of tablet devices in the classroom setting has an impact on both teaching and learning practices. The results suggest that teachers can be divided into two categories: the innovative teachers and the instrumental teachers. Innovative teachers attempt to shift from a teacher-centered to a learning-centered approach. They have changed their teaching style by transforming lessons in accordance with the advantages tablet computers can offer. Instrumental teachers seem to use the device as a 'book behind glass'. The distinction between the two groups has consequences for both the way courses are given and how students experience them. In general, the introduction of tablet devices entails a shift in the way students learn, as the devices provide interactive, media-rich, and exciting new environments. The results of this study indicate that policy makers should consider introducing technical and pedagogical support in order to facilitate both teachers' and students' understanding of the full potential of this kind of technology in education.


Assuntos
Computadores de Mão , Aprendizagem , Aplicativos Móveis , Ensino/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
PLoS One ; 9(8): e104036, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25162234

RESUMO

The substantial use of social network sites by teenagers has raised concerns about privacy and security. Previous research about behavior on social network sites was mostly based on surveys and interviews. Observational research overcomes problems inherent to this research method, for example social desirability. However, existing observational research mostly focuses on public profiles of young adults. Therefore, the current observation-study includes 1050 public and non-public Facebook-profiles of teenagers (13-18) to investigate (1) what kind of information teenagers post on their profile, (2) to what extent they protect this information using privacy-settings and (3) how much risky information they have on their profile. It was found that young people mostly post pictures, interests and some basic personal information on their profile. Some of them manage their privacy-settings as such that this information is reserved for friends' eyes only, but a lot of information is accessible on the friends-of-friends' pages. Although general risk scores are rather low, more detailed analyses show that teenagers nevertheless post a significant amount of risky information. Moreover, older teenagers and girls post more (risky) information while there are no differences in applying privacy settings. We found no differences in the Facebook behavior of teenagers enrolled in different education forms. Implications of these results are discussed.


Assuntos
Confidencialidade/ética , Assunção de Riscos , Mídias Sociais/ética , Adolescente , Confidencialidade/psicologia , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Amigos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Desejabilidade Social
4.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 11(n.esp): 83-92, dez. 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-484735

RESUMO

The present study focuses on the use of two different types of scripts as possible ways to structure university students' discourse in asynchronous discussion groups and consequently promote their learning. More specifically, the aim of the study is to determine how requiring students to label their contributions by means of De Bono's Thinking Hats (script 1) and Weinberger's script for the construction of argumentation sequences (script 2) affects the ongoing critical thinking processes reflected in the discussion. The results suggest that both scripts successfully facilitated critical thinking. The results showed that the labeling condition (script 1) surpasses the argumentation script (script 2) with regard to the overall depth of critical thinking in the discussion, and the critical thinking processes during the stages of problem identification and problem integration in particular. Further, it can be argued that students in the labeling condition are engaged in more focused, more critical, and more practically-oriented discussions.


O objetivo desse estudo é enfatizar o uso de dois diferentes roteiros como possibilidades para estruturar o discurso de estudantes universitários em grupos de discussão assíncrona e, conseqüentemente, promover o aprendizados dos mesmos. Mais especificadamente, esse estudo têm o objetivo de ensinar alunos a dar suas contribuições por meio do roteiro de De Bono's Thinking Hats (roteiro 1) e pelo roteiro Weinberger para a construção de seqüências argumentativas (roteiro 2) que afetam o curso do processo de pensamento presente numa discussão. Os resultados revelaram que rotulação (roteiro 1) supera o roteiro argumentativo (roteiro 2) em relação a profundidade do pensamento crítico global e do pensamento crítico durante o estágio de identificação de problemas e, em particular, na etapa relativa à integração de problemas. Além disso, pode ser considerado que alunos competentes em rotulação são mais engajados, críticos e orientados para a prática nas discussões.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Pensamento
5.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 11(n.esp): 83-92, dez.2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: psi-36604

RESUMO

The present study focuses on the use of two different types of scripts as possible ways to structure university students' discourse in asynchronous discussion groups and consequently promote their learning. More specifically, the aim of the study is to determine how requiring students to label their contributions by means of De Bono's Thinking Hats (script 1) and Weinberger's script for the construction of argumentation sequences (script 2) affects the ongoing critical thinking processes reflected in the discussion. The results suggest that both scripts successfully facilitated critical thinking. The results showed that the labeling condition (script 1) surpasses the argumentation script (script 2) with regard to the overall depth of critical thinking in the discussion, and the critical thinking processes during the stages of problem identification and problem integration in particular. Further, it can be argued that students in the labeling condition are engaged in more focused, more critical, and more practically-oriented discussions.(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é enfatizar o uso de dois diferentes roteiros como possibilidades para estruturar o discurso de estudantes universitários em grupos de discussão assíncrona e, conseqüentemente, promover o aprendizados dos mesmos. Mais especificadamente, esse estudo têm o objetivo de ensinar alunos a dar suas contribuições por meio do roteiro de De Bono's Thinking Hats (roteiro 1) e pelo roteiro Weinberger para a construção de seqüências argumentativas (roteiro 2) que afetam o curso do processo de pensamento presente numa discussão. Os resultados revelaram que rotulação (roteiro 1) supera o roteiro argumentativo (roteiro 2) em relação a profundidade do pensamento crítico global e do pensamento crítico durante o estágio de identificação de problemas e, em particular, na etapa relativa à integração de problemas. Além disso, pode ser considerado que alunos competentes em rotulação são mais engajados, críticos e orientados para a prática nas discussões.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Estudantes , Pensamento , Aprendizagem
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