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1.
Foot Ankle Int ; : 1071100719868712, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractures of the posterior process of the talus are frequently overlooked, possibly leading to nonunion, arthritis, and chronic pain. Given the rare occurrence, previous case series have been small and without functional outcome scores. Therefore, we aimed to provide evidence on outcomes after nonoperative and operative management of posterior process fractures of the talus. METHODS: All patients treated at a level 1 trauma center between 2012 and 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Patient, fracture, and treatment characteristics were collected, and functional outcome as well as quality of life were assessed. Twenty-nine patients with posterior process fractures of the talus were identified in our database. RESULTS: The most frequently seen mechanism of trauma was fall from height in 13 patients (44.8%). Twenty-two patients underwent primary arthrodesis or operative reduction and fixation of the fracture (75.9%). Eighty-two percent of the patients returned the questionnaires with a mean follow-up of 6 years. The 2 patients with primary arthrodesis were excluded from outcome analysis. The mean Foot Function Index score was 1.8 (range 0.0-10). The mean American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was 78.7 points (range 0-100). The mean quality of life EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) index score was 0.78 (range -0.26 to 1). The mean visual analog scale (VAS) on overall patient satisfaction was 8.2 (range 1-10). CONCLUSION: Operative management of extended posterior talar fractures was found to provide good functional outcome, quality of life, and patient satisfaction. Although the patients treated nonoperatively were found to have less severe injuries, they demonstrated worse overall outcome, which is supportive of surgical management. Nonoperative treatment is therefore only justified in selected patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, retrospective case series.

2.
J Surg Res ; 245: 516-522, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI) is a rare but severe infection with a high mortality rate of 12%-20%. Diagnosing is challenging and often delayed. Treatment consists of surgical debridement of all necrotic tissue and administration of antibiotics. Despite adequate treatment, survivors are often left with extensive wounds, resulting in mutilating scars and functional deficits. Both the disease and the subsequent scars can negatively influence the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The present study was performed to contribute to the knowledge about HRQoL in patients after NSTI. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients treated for NSTI in a tertiary center in the Netherlands. Patient and treatment characteristics were collected and patients were asked to fill in a Short Form 36 questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-six patients with a diagnosis of NSTI were identified. Twenty-eight (61%) were male and mean age was 57 y. Thirty-nine patients (80%) survived. Thirty-one (84%) of the survivors returned the questionnaire after a median follow-up of 4.1 y (interquartile range [IQR], 2.4-5.9 y). Statistically significantly decreased scores when compared to the Dutch reference values were observed for the Short Form 36 domains, physical functioning, role-physical functioning, general health, and the combined Physical Component Score. No differences were observed for the other five domains or for the Mental Component Score. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that NSTI negatively affects HRQoL as reported by the patient, especially on the physical domains. To learn more about HRQoL in patients after NSTI, studies in larger groups with a more disease-specific questionnaire should be performed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3, prognostic and epidemiological.

3.
Acta ortop. bras ; 27(4): 223-229, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1010972

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Complex trauma of the foot and ankle is characterized by fractures with severe soft tissue damage associated with neurovascular injury and joint involvement. These injuries are frequently present in the polytraumatized patient and are a predictor of unfavorable clinical outcome. In the initial approach to a patient with complex foot and ankle trauma, the decision between amputation and reconstruction is crucial. The various existing classification systems are of limited effectiveness and should serve as tools to assist and support a clinical decision rather than as determinants of conduct. In the emergency department, one of two treatment options must be adopted: early complete treatment or staged treatment. The former consists of definitive fixation and immediate skin coverage, using either primary closure (suturing) or flaps, and is usually reserved for less complex cases. Staged treatment is divided into initial and definitive. The objectives in the first phase are: prevention of the progression of ischemia, necrosis and infection. The principles of definitive treatment are: proximal-to-distal bone reconstruction, anatomic foot alignment, fusions in severe cartilage lesions or gross instabilities, stable internal fixation and adequate skin coverage. Level of evidence III, Systematic review of level III studies.


RESUMO O trauma complexo do pé e tornozelo, caracterizado por fraturas com dano grave aos tecidos moles, associado a lesões vasculares e nervosas e com acometimento articular, está presente com frequência no paciente politraumatizado e é preditor de desfecho clínico desfavorável. Na abordagem inicial de um paciente com trauma complexo do pé e tornozelo, a decisão entre amputação ou preservação do membro é crucial. Os diversos sistemas de classificação existentes são de eficácia limitada e devem servir como ferramentas que auxiliam e fortalecem uma decisão clínica, e não como determinantes de uma conduta. No atendimento de emergência, uma das duas opções de tratamento deve ser adotada: tratamento total precoce ou tratamento estagiado. O primeiro consiste na fixação definitiva e na cobertura cutânea imediata, seja por sutura primária ou por meio de retalhos, sendo geralmente reservado a casos menos complexos. O tratamento estagiado é dividido em inicial e definitivo, e o objetivo, na primeira fase, é a prevenção da progressão da isquemia, da necrose e da infecção. Os princípios do tratamento definitivo são: reconstrução óssea de proximal para distal, alinhamento anatômico do pé, fusões nas lesões graves da cartilagem ou nas instabilidades grosseiras, fixação interna estável e cobertura cutânea adequada. Nível de evidência III, Revisão sistemática de estudos de nível III.

4.
J Orthop Trauma ; 33(8): 404-410, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To correlate Q3DCT measurements of residual step-off, gap, and 3D multidirectional displacement of postoperative posterior malleolar fracture fragment reduction in patients with rotational type ankle fractures, with patients' clinical outcome using standardized patient- and physician-based outcome measures. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Level-I Trauma Center. PATIENTS: Thirty-one patients with ankle fractures including a posterior malleolar fracture (OTA/AO type 44) were included. INTERVENTION: All patients underwent open reduction internal fixation of their ankle fracture, of which 18 patients (58%) had direct fixation of the posterior malleolar fragment. Decision of (direct) fixation of the posterior malleolar fragment was not standardized and guided by surgeons' preference. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Quality of postoperative reduction was quantified using Q3DCT: posterior fragment size (% of joint surface), residual step-off (mm), postoperative gaps (mm), and overall multidirectional displacement were quantified. Foot and Ankle Outcome Score pain and symptoms subscales and quality of life (Short Form-36) at 1 year postoperatively were included as the main outcome measures. RESULTS: Step-off (mean 0.6 mm, range 0.0-2.7, SD 0.8) showed a significant correlation with worse Foot and Ankle Outcome Score pain and symptoms subscales. Residual fracture gap (mean 12.6 mm, range 0.0-68.8, SD 19.5) and 3D multidirectional displacement (mean 0.96 mm, range 0.0-2.8, SD 0.8) showed no correlation. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with rotational type ankle fractures involving a posterior malleolar fracture, contemporary Q3DCT measurements of posterior fragment size and residual intra-articular step-off-but not gap-show significant correlation with patient-reported pain and symptoms. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

5.
Foot Ankle Int ; 40(7): 797-802, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no consensus regarding which postoperative imaging technique should be used after open reduction and internal fixation of an intra-articular calcaneal fracture. The aim of this study was to clarify whether Brodén's view is sufficient as postoperative radiologic examination to assess step-offs and gaps of the posterior facet. METHODS: Six observers estimated the size of step-offs and gaps on Brodén's view in 42 surgically treated intra-articular calcaneal fractures. These findings were compared to postoperative CT scans (gold standard). Inter- and intraobserver reliability were calculated and compared using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). RESULTS: An accuracy of approximately 75% for both step-offs and gaps was found in foot and ankle experts. Less experienced observers correctly identified step-offs and gaps in approximately 62% of cases on fluoroscopy and in 48% on radiographs. Interobserver reliability for intraoperative fluoroscopy as well as postoperative radiographs was fair for step-offs, whereas interobserver reliability for gaps was excellent. Intraobserver reliability showed a low level of agreement for intraoperative fluoroscopy, in contrast to postoperative radiographs with excellent agreement for step-offs and good agreement for gaps. CONCLUSION: Our results show that especially for more experienced foot and ankle surgeons, in the majority of fractures, Brodén's view accurately showed step-offs and gaps following open reduction and internal fixation. Interobserver reliability showed a fair level of agreement for step-offs and excellent agreement for gaps. Intraobserver reliability was only enough for radiographs, not for fluoroscopy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series.

6.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 139(6): 787-793, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about the optimal treatment of anterior inferior ligament avulsion fractures of the ankle. The aim of this study is to provide insights regarding the incidence of anterior inferior ligament avulsion fractures, the association with fracture type, and correlation with treatment. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis in a level-1 trauma center of adult patients with an ankle fracture operated between the dates 01-01-2009 and 01-09-2017 who had a pre- and postoperative CT-scan. Within the study population, the incidence of AITFL avulsion fracture was defined. Primary outcome was the type of avulsion fracture and related treatment. Secondary outcome was additional surgery in relation to the initial treatment. RESULTS: In total, 65 of 252 (25.8%) patients were diagnosed with an anterior inferior ligament avulsion fracture. Zero patients had a Wagstaffe type 1 fracture, 28 (43.1%) had a type 2, 32 (49.2%) had a type 3, and 5 (7.7%) had a type 4. There was a correlation between Wagstaffe type 2 and Weber B fractures, p < 0.0001, and Wagstaffe type 3 avulsions were correlated with a Weber C fracture, p < 0.0001. Thirty-five of the avulsed fragments (53.8%) were smaller than 5 mm. In 13 (20%) of patients with anterior inferior ligament avulsion fracture, the avulsed fragments were directly fixated during initial surgery. Size and direct fixation of the fragment were significantly correlated (p < 0.0001). Within the anterior inferior ligament avulsion fracture group, only a total of four patients (6.2%) underwent a revision. CONCLUSION: In the current study, an incidence of 25.8% of anterior inferior ligament avulsion fracture in surgically treated ankle fractures is reported. A correlation between the type of Wagstaffe injury and Weber classification was showed. Most fragments smaller than 5 mm were not fixated; however, not all injuries needed syndesmotic screws due to syndesmotic instability. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo , Fratura Avulsão , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fratura Avulsão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fratura Avulsão/epidemiologia , Fratura Avulsão/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 36(2): 211-224, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784532

RESUMO

Treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures has changed numerous times in the last decades. Currently, less invasive surgery has reemerged and is increasingly used. The sinus tarsi approach is most commonly used. It combines the open approach to the subtalar joint with percutaneous reduction of the overall shape of the calcaneus. The results in the literature show overall similar functional outcome compared with the extended lateral approach, however with a significant reduction in wound complications. This article deals with the sinus tarsi approach in which the reduction is fixated using screws only. Indications, surgical technique, and possible pitfalls are discussed.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Calcâneo/lesões , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Calcanhar , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Acta Orthop ; 90(2): 97-104, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739547

RESUMO

Background and purpose - The incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) in trauma/orthopedic surgery varies between different body parts. Antibiotic prophylaxis (e.g., with cefazolin) lowers infection rates in closed fracture surgery and in primary arthroplasty. For prophylactic antibiotics to prevent infections, sufficient concentrations at the target site (location of surgery) are required. However, dosage recommendations and the corresponding efficacy are unclear. This review assesses target site cefazolin concentrations and the effect of variation in dose and location of target site during orthopedic extremity surgery. Methods - For this meta-analysis and systematic review, the literature was searched using the following keywords: "cephalosporins," "orthopedic," "extremity," "surgical procedures," and "pharmacokinetics". Trials measuring target site antibiotic concentrations (bone, soft tissue, synovia) during orthopedic surgery after a single dose of cefazolin were included. Results - The search identified 14 studies reporting on concentrations in the shoulder (n = 1), hip (n = 8), knee (n = 8), or foot (n = 1). A large variation was seen between studies, but the pooled results of 4 studies showed higher concentrations in hip than in knee (mean difference: 4 ug/g, 95% CI 0.8-7). Articles comparing different doses of cefazolin reported higher bone concentrations after 2 g than before, but pooling results did not lead to a statistically significant difference. Interpretation - Although not all results could be pooled, this study shows that cefazolin concentrations are higher in the hip than in the knee. These findings suggest that the dose of prophylactic cefazolin might not be sufficient in distal parts of the extremity. Further research should investigate whether a higher dose of cefazolin can lead to higher concentrations and fewer SSIs.

9.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 58(1): 144-150, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583776

RESUMO

There is no universal method with cutoff values for the assessment of distal tibiofibular joint reduction in acute syndesmotic injuries. It is important to detect malreductions because they may lead to impaired functional outcome and may demand reoperations. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to evaluate the appropriateness of different image techniques in determining syndesmotic malalignment. A literature search was conducted in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to search for articles assessing syndesmotic reduction. Excluded were articles where no criteria and/or measurements for syndesmotic reduction were provided, only normative values were provided and reviews. In total, 2157 articles were found, of which 1421 studies were screened for title and abstract after exclusion of duplicates. One hundred ten studies were eligible for full-text analysis. Of these, 61 were excluded. Three studies where added after screening the included references. Fifty-two studies were included, of which 32 were original publications and 20 were publications referring to the original publications. From the original publications, 14 used plains radiographs, 19 computed tomographic (CT) scans, and 5 used 3-dimensional CT scans (some authors used >1 modality in their study). For each modality, a large number of parameters and different cutoff values were reported. CT scanning is superior to plain radiography in the assessment of the quality of joint reduction. Parameters used the most were fibular position in the incisura and fibular rotation. The criteria for adequate reduction should at least include the position of the fibula in the incisura and rotation of the fibula, while ensuring adequate fibular length, all equaling or at least approaching the values of the uninjured contralateral side.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura , Humanos , Radiografia
11.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467055

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Open fractures of the calcaneus are rare. They are mostly caused by high-energy trauma. There are several treatment options for calcaneal fractures. However, treatment of open calcaneal fractures might need a different approach, as open calcaneal fractures are associated with high rates of complications. The purpose of this study was to provide a literature overview on the management of open calcaneal fractures, and deduct a more standardized treatment algorithm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature review was conducted in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for articles describing the management of open calcaneal fractures. Excluded were studies with less than 10 patients, studies describing combat injuries and reviews. Only articles published from 1998 to 2017 were included and there were no language restrictions. RESULTS: A total of 18 articles were included with 616 open calcaneal fractures in 598 patients. Most wounds were Gustilo grade III and most fractures were Sanders type III. Definitive surgery was performed after a mean of 9.8days and in most cases in the form of ORIF via ELA. The complication rate was 21% and the mean AOFAS score was 73.7 points. CONCLUSION: The complication rates of open calcaneal fractures are high and increase with the severity of the wound. A treatment algorithm is suggested. However, to produce a more evidence-based protocol and achieve consensus for treatment, additional research should be done, preferably in the form of a prospective multicenter database.

12.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical approach for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) is subject of debate. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess wound-healing complications following the sinus tarsi approach (STA) compared to the extended lateral approach (ELA). Secondary aims were to assess time to surgery, operative time, calcaneal anatomy restoration, functional outcome, implant removal and injury to the peroneal tendons and sural nerve. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for clinical studies comparing the STA and the ELA (until September 2017). RESULTS: Nine studies were included (two randomized controlled trials; seven comparative studies). 326 patients (331 fractures) were treated by the STA and 383 patients (390 fractures) by ELA. Ninety-nine per cent were Sanders type II/III fractures. Wound healing complications in the STA and ELA occurred in 11/331 and 82/390 fractures, respectively. Weighted means were 4.9% and 24.9%, respectively. Meta-analysis showed significantly less wound healing complications in the STA compared to ELA (risk ratio 0.20; 95% CI 0.11-0.36; P<0.00001; I2=0%). In general, time to surgery and operative time were shorter in the STA. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneity between studies. No differences were found in remaining secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The STA is associated with significantly less wound healing complications. With similar functional outcome and calcaneal anatomy restoration, the STA may be the preferred approach in the operative treatment of Sanders type II/III DIACF.

13.
Injury ; 49(11): 2024-2031, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220636

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on how pelvic X-rays should be ordered selectively in blunt trauma patients which may save time, reduce radiation exposure and costs. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the need for routine pelvic X-rays in awake, respiratory and hemodynamically (HD) stable blunt trauma patients without signs of pelvic fracture. Criteria to identify patients who could safely forgo pelvic X-ray were evaluated. METHODS: A literature search was performed for prospective comparative cohort studies. Inclusion criteria were: blunt force trauma, hemodynamically and respiratory stable and awake patients, physical examination (PE) for pelvic fractures was adequately described, and the reliability of negative PE findings could be evaluated. Primary outcome was the negative predictive value (NPV) of PE for all and for clinically relevant pelvic fractures. Additionally sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated. RESULTS: Ten studies were included; yielding a total of 11,423 patients. The NPV of PE for all pelvic fractures ranged from 0.96 to 1.00 with a median of 0.996. Combining studies, total NPV was 0.991. For clinically relevant fractures, the NPV of PE ranged from 0.996 to 1.00 with a median of 1.00. In patients with negative findings during PE, 0.9% had fractures, and 0.1% had clinically relevant fractures, none requiring surgical management. CONCLUSIONS: In awake, hemodynamically and respiratory stable blunt trauma patients, PE could identify those patients who could safely forgo pelvic X-ray. Selective ordering of pelvic X-ray may lead to a decrease in patient work-up time, lower radiation exposure, and reduce costs. A decision making flow chart is proposed..

14.
Int Orthop ; 42(10): 2497, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30073564

RESUMO

The published online version contains a mistake in the author list for the name of the author "J. Carel Goslings" was incorrectly presented in the HTML version.

15.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 57(6): 1253-1255, 2018 Nov - Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146338

RESUMO

Epidermal inclusion cysts are common epithelial cysts of the skin. The latter classically originate from progressive cystic ectasia of the infundibular portion of hair follicle. Therefore, these cysts are usually found in hairy regions and rarely in glabrous skin such as the palms and soles. The etiology of glabrous epidermal inclusion cysts appear to be different from that of those located in hairy regions. It has been suggested that implantation of epithelial cells into subcutaneous tissue, such as during trauma, is most likely the pathophysiologic basis. Epidermal inclusion cysts on the palms and soles are often misdiagnosed, leading to improper treatment. Therefore, we report a rare case of an epidermal inclusion cyst of the heel after minimally invasive surgery of a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture.

16.
Int Orthop ; 42(9): 2287, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30014211

RESUMO

The published online version contain mistake in the author list for the name of the author "J. Carel Goslings" was incorrectly presented in the HTML version.

17.
Foot Ankle Spec ; : 1938640018788431, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral fractures of the talus are uncommon. Almost all the literature regarding talar fractures consists of central intra-articular fractures, whereas studies about peripheral talar fractures are lacking. The aim of this study is to increase awareness in diagnosing an unusual peripheral extra-articular medial impression fracture of the talus. METHODS: This study includes a retrospective case series of patients with an extra-articular medial impression fracture of the talus. Patient characteristics, trauma mechanism, diagnostics, fracture characteristics, and treatment were reported. RESULTS: Eight consecutive patients with an extra-articular medial impression fracture of the talus were identified. In 80%, the trauma mechanism was a supination or inversion injury of the ankle and foot. An X-ray was obtained in all patients; in 7 (88%) patients, a computed tomography scan was done, and an additional magnetic resonance imaging was done in 3 (38%) patients. In 4 patients (50%), the correct diagnosis was missed at first presentation. The delay between injury and diagnosis was 0 to 180 days (of 36 days on average). CONCLUSION: This is the first case series to describe patients with a peripheral extra-articular medial impression fracture of the talus. Good clinical examination and judicious use of diagnostic imaging are a necessity to find the talar impression fractures in a timely manner, and treatment can be started immediately. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level V.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of a footbath in alcohol prior to preoperative disinfection on bacterial flora of the foot and ankle. METHODS: Twenty-two volunteers underwent skin preparation mimicking pre-surgical disinfection. One foot was submerged in a bag filled with 70% ethanol containing 10% IPA for 5 min after which it was painted with regular 0.5% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol. The other foot was only painted with 0.5% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol. Swabs were taken at four locations: (1) under the nailfold of the first toe, (2) first webspace, (3) sinus tarsi and (4) pre-tibial. A quantitative and qualitative analysis of the cultures was performed. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference between the number of positive cultures between the two methods was observed. The number of colony forming units was statistically significantly lower on two locations in the footbath group (i.e., subungual and the first webspace) (median 1 versus median 92 p =0.03 and median 0 versus median 1 p =0.03, respectively). The number of cultures with heavy growth was lower in the footbath group under the nailfold of the first toe (5 versus 13 p =0.008). Thirty-eight different microorganisms were cultured. CONCLUSION: A footbath in alcohol prior to regular preoperative skin antisepsis significantly reduces the amount of bacteria under the nailfold and in the first webspace. The number of cultures with heavy growth is lower after a footbath in alcohol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982979

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of changes in treatment plan due to standardized postoperative radiographs. A secondary aim was to compare our results with a national benchmark. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective case series of 167 consecutive patients, operated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for distal radius or ankle fractures in 2014. Changes in the treatment protocol were defined as additional CT-imaging, reoperation or other changes as stated in the postoperative instructions. In addition, a national survey was conducted assessing differences between surgeons in different hospitals concerning revision rates. RESULTS: In 7.2% (12/167) of the patients, a change in the treatment plan was recorded after the standardized postoperative radiographs. 10 patients (6%) were reoperated (three without additional imaging, seven after additional imaging with CT). The results from our survey showed a good assessment concerning the quality of intraoperative imaging (7.85 on a scale from 0 to 10). Concerning the revision rate, there was a trend to lower revision rate of 8.1% in the six observers. CONCLUSIONS: Standard postoperative radiographs could improve quality of care. Intraoperative standardized radiographic documentation is needed and the perception and acceptance of quality may vary between hospitals.

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