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1.
Hautarzt ; 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The internet is one of the most important sources for health-related information for the general population. Therefore, the analysis of internet search engines can help to capture the social interests and needs regarding diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the search queries related to atopic dermatitis (AD) regarding frequency, focus of interest and temporal occurrence in the German federal states in order to identify possible regional differences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the Google Ads Keyword Planner, AD relevant keywords including the monthly search volume between January 2017 and December 2020 were identified, which were then assigned to different categories. RESULTS: Overall, 1419 keywords were found that had a search volume of 14,817,610 queries. The category 'general' had the highest search volume (n = 5,970,840), but most keywords were assigned to the category 'location' (n = 348). About 60% of the keywords assigned to 'location' were related to AD on the face. On a national level, Bremen and Hamburg had the highest search volume per 100,000 inhabitants. With more than 70%, an enormous increase in search volume could be observed, which was especially high in 2020. DISCUSSION: With this internet search analysis, it was possible to clarify which aspects of AD were of particular importance for the German population, which can help to adapt information campaigns to the target population. In addition, the study underlines the increasing relevance of the internet as a source of information regarding health-related topics.

2.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 102: adv00641, 2022 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904689

RESUMO

People with visible skin diseases often experience stigmatisation. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a new intervention for medical students to counter the stigmatisation of people with skin diseases. The intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled design. Effectiveness was assessed at 3 time points. Data from 127 participants were analysed. Regarding the outcome "social distance", a significant difference between the measurement points was observed for the intervention group (χ2(2) = 54.32, p < 0.001), which also showed a significant effect on agreement with negative stereotypes (F(1.67, 118.67) = 23.83, p < 0.001, partial η2 = 0.25). Regarding the outcome "agreement with disease-related misconceptions", a significant difference between the measurement time points was observed for the intervention group (χ2(2) = 46.33, p < 0.001); similar results were found for the outcome "stigmatising behaviour" (F(1.86, 131.89) = 6.16, p = 0.003, partial η2 = 0.08). The results should encourage medical faculties to invest in such courses in order to prevent stigmatisation of people with skin diseases.


Assuntos
Dermatopatias , Estudantes de Medicina , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/terapia , Estereotipagem
3.
Eur J Dermatol ; 31(6): 722-729, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726161

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease with a high mental burden. Well-known comorbidities include depression, anxiety, as well as alcohol and tobacco addiction, however, there is barely any evidence on other addictions. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the six most common addictions among psoriasis patients in Germany and to determine associated clinical factors. Dermatologists working in four dermatological clinics and 32 practices across Germany recruited patients between September 2018 and November 2019. This cross-sectional study contained questionnaires on six addictions, depression, anxiety, and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). In addition, scores for the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) were obtained by physicians. Overall, 502 patients (43.4% women; mean age: 49.7 ± 14.6 years) were included. Positive addictions were found in 30.3% for daily smoking, 8.6% for alcohol, 1.2% for gambling, 3.8% for internet use, 3.6% for food, and 6.0% for drugs. Younger age was associated with a higher probability of addiction except for alcohol dependency. The PASI was only significantly associated with smoking. Addictions seem to be common among psoriasis patients. Further research should include comprehensive data and control groups, furthermore, standardised screenings and early referrals could represent first steps to improve people-centred healthcare for patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/psicologia , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Dependência de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Jogo de Azar/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fumar/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
4.
Qual Life Res ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532835

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prior research on the psychological consequences of skin diseases has focused on assessing mental comorbidities. The aim of this study was to investigate subjective well-being in a large sample of individuals affected by psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, and to explore the associations with depression and disease-related parameters such as disease severity. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted from March to June 2019. The link to the questionnaire was shared on websites and Facebook pages of psoriasis patient organizations and campaigns. Participants filled in validated scales measuring subjective well-being-operationalized as positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA) and satisfaction with life (SWL); and depression. RESULTS: The data of 722 participants were analyzed. Exploratory factor analysis supported the differentiation of PA, NA, SWL, and depression as four different constructs. The respondents reported lower levels of PA than healthy individuals and judged themselves to be less happy and were less satisfied with their lives than the general population (except age group 65 + years). 40.3% of respondents were screened positive for depression. More severe psoriasis was associated with lower affective well-being and a higher risk for depression. CONCLUSION: The results of this study empirically supported the differentiation of subjective well-being and depression as different constructs in individuals with psoriasis, and underline the large mental burden of the disease which goes beyond a higher risk for depression. Measures of well-being should thus be incorporated in both research and clinical practice in patients with psoriasis in order to achieve a more comprehensive picture of the mental burden of this disease.

5.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 101(9): adv00560, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427313

RESUMO

The globally increasing prevalence of chronic inflammatory skin diseases has substantial costs. Biologicals have become available as therapeutic options, but are encumbered with barriers to prescription. The aim of this study was to evaluate the barriers to prescription of biologicals in the treatment of chronic dermatological diseases. Dermatologists working in private practices in the German federal states of Bavaria and Lower Saxony participated in a cross-sectional study. Economic and legal aspects, including "high therapy costs", "low reimbursements", and "fear of regress claims", were identified as the most prevalent barriers. Significant differences between dermatologists from Bavaria and Lower Saxony were found only regarding the treatment of atopic dermatitis. This study demonstrates the prevalence of barriers to the prescription of biologicals in the treatment of chronic dermatological diseases. Overcoming these barriers could improve the usage of modern therapies and thereby expand patient-centred care for chronic skin diseases.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Dermatite Atópica , Dermatopatias , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Dermatite Atópica/diagnóstico , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prescrições , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
6.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 19(7): 1003-1012, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288484

RESUMO

HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Durch die Entwicklung neuer anti-psoriatischer Medikamente und verbesserte Strukturen zu deren flächendeckender Einführung hat sich die medizinische Versorgung von Psoriasis-Patienten deutlich verbessert. In dieser Studie haben wir die tatsächliche Inanspruchnahme des Gesundheitswesens untersucht und Gründe für die Unzufriedenheit der Betroffenen ermittelt. PATIENTEN UND METHODIK: Diese nicht-interventionelle Querschnittsstudie wurde als anonyme Online-Befragung von 12/2018 bis 01/2019 in Deutschland durchgeführt. Teilnehmer mit einer selbstberichteten, von einem Arzt gestellten Psoriasis-Diagnose und Symptomen beantworteten Fragen zu ihrer Erkrankung, deren Einfluss auf das tägliche Leben und ihrer medizinischen Versorgung. ERGEBNISSE: 649 Teilnehmer mit einem mittleren Alter von 42,5 ± 13,7 Jahren und ausgewogener Geschlechterverteilung (männlich: 50,2 %) wurden ausgewertet. 54,1 % waren zum Zeitpunkt der Studie in ärztlicher Behandlung, 45,9 % nicht. Von den Teilnehmern mit medizinischer Versorgung waren 59,3 % nur mäßig oder weniger zufrieden mit ihrer Behandlung. Gründe für die Unzufriedenheit mit der Medikation waren unter anderem mangelnde Wirksamkeit und Nebenwirkungen. Von den nicht in ärztlicher Behandlung befindlichen Teilnehmern wurde "Zeitmangel des Arztes" als Hauptgrund für die Nichtinanspruchnahme ärztlicher Hilfe angegeben. SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN: Trotz der Verfügbarkeit effizienter Therapieoptionen in Deutschland sind viele Betroffene mit Psoriasis unzufrieden. Diese unterbehandelte Gruppe wurde als neue Zielgruppe identifiziert.

7.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) ; 11(3): 1027-1039, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945120

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU) is an unpredictable disease, with high disease burden and a significant negative impact on quality of life, especially in patients of working age. Many patients are undertreated, and there is poor awareness of strategies to manage patients with CU in the real-world setting. The current study aimed to gain a better understanding of CU from the patients' perspective, including the body areas most affected by wheals and angioedema, the disease burden and current use of the healthcare system. METHODS: A nationwide online survey was performed in Germany involving individuals who reported a diagnosis of CU and experienced symptoms within 3 months prior to inclusion. RESULTS: This self-report survey included 1037 participants (89.2% female), with a mean ± standard deviation (SD) age of 33.4 ± 11.0 years and a mean ± SD disease duration of 10.0 ± 9.4 years. On average, participants suffered from urticaria symptoms for 3.0 ± 4.3 years before diagnosis. In 73% of participants, symptoms worsened due to external factors, with the majority specifying stress in their personal life or work-related stress as eliciting factors. Within the previous 3 months, 87.4 and 44.1% of participants experienced wheals and angioedema, respectively, at multiple body areas, and most (79.6%) participants had uncontrolled symptoms as measured with the Urticaria Control Test. Despite the high burden of disease, 60.3% of participants stated that they were not currently receiving treatment. The most commonly used therapies to treat CU were oral (72.8%) and non-prescription (43.3%) and prescription (47.3%) topical drugs, with 18.0% of the participants receiving injectable/infused drugs. CONCLUSION: The majority of the participants responding to the survey reported that CU is not sufficiently controlled, thereby severely influencing a highly productive time in their life. The body areas most affected by wheals and angioedema are specified, based on data provided by a large group of affected participants. A greater awareness of disease burden and available treatment options is needed.

8.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 19(7): 1003-1011, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the development of new anti-psoriatic drugs in combination with improved structures for implementation throughout Germany, the medical care of psoriasis patients has markedly improved. In this study we investigated the real-life utilization of the health care system and identified reasons for dissatisfaction in affected individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This non-interventional cross-sectional study was conducted as an anonymous online survey from 12/2018 to 01/2019 in Germany. Participants with a self-reported physician-confirmed diagnosis of psoriasis and symptoms answered questions about their disease, its influence on daily life and their medical care. RESULTS: 649 participants with a mean age of 42.5 ± 13.7 years and equal gender distribution (male: 50.2 %) were evaluated. 54.1 % received medical treatment at the time of the study, 45.9 % did not. Among the participants with medical care, 59.3 % were only moderately or less satisfied with their treatment. Reasons for dissatisfaction with the medication included lack of efficacy and side effects. Participants without medical treatment specified a physician's lack of time as a main reason for not seeking medical help. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the availability of efficient therapeutic options in Germany, many individuals with psoriasis are not satisfied. This under-treated group was identified as a new target population.


Assuntos
Médicos , Psoríase , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Gesundheitswesen ; 83(5): e9-e14, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862647

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: During pandemics, the whole population is simultaneously confronted with the same health threat, resulting in enormous public interest. The current COVID-19 pandemic has left the world in a unique state of crisis. The aim of this analysis was to explore whether Google searches can be used to retrospectively retrace the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany and to detect local outbreaks by reflecting public interest in the virus. METHODS: Google Trends was used to explore the relative search volume (RSV) related to "coronavirus" from January 2020 to July 2020 in Germany. The RSV ranging between 0-100 was compared to new SARS-CoV-2 infections per day on a national level and to the cumulative infection numbers on a state level, as well as to important infectiological and political events. RESULTS: The most striking search peaks occurred after the first reported SARS-CoV-2 infection in Germany (January 27), during a major local outbreak in Heinsberg (February 25), after school closings (March 13) and the largest peak after nationwide contact restrictions (March 22) were announced. On a state level, peaks in RSV were observed after the first reported infection in each respective state. In addition, a higher RSV was recorded in states with higher numbers of infections (r=0,6, p=0,014) such as in Bavaria (RSV=96, 391 infections/100,000 inhabitants) and Baden-Württemberg (RSV=98, 340 infections/100,000 inhabitants). The lowest RSV (n=83) and lowest number of infections (50 infections/100,000 inhabitants) was observed in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Since the end of May, SARS-CoV-2 related RSV remained at low level even when numbers of infections were temporarily rising due to local outbreaks such as the outbreak in Gütersloh, North Rhine-Westphalia. CONCLUSION: RSV related to "coronavirus" precisely reflected public interest during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. As public interest has strongly declined, information distribution regarding the newest developments over the entire course of the pandemic will be a major public health challenge. ZIEL DER STUDIE: Während Pandemien ist die gesamte Gesellschaft zur gleichen Zeit mit derselben Erkrankung konfrontiert, was zu großem öffentlichen Interesse führt. Die aktuelle COVID-19 Pandemie hat die ganze Welt in einen einmaligen Ausnahmezustand versetzt. Ziel dieser Studie war es zu untersuchen ob das Pandemiegeschehen in Deutschland anhand von Google Suchanfragen retrospektiv rekonstruiert werden kann und ob lokale Ausbrüche mithilfe von Google Daten detektiert werden können. METHODIK: Das relative Google Suchvolumen (RSV) zum Thema "Coronavirus" wurde für den Zeitraum von Januar bis Juli 2020 mit Google Trends analysiert. Das RSV, das zwischen 0 und 100 betragen kann, wurde auf Bundesebene mit den täglich neu gemeldeten SARS-CoV-2 Infektionszahlen und auf Länderebene mit den kumulativen Infektionszahlen pro Bundesland sowie wichtigen infektiologischen und politischen Ereignissen verglichen. ERGEBNISSE: Höchstwerte im Google Suchvolumen nach der ersten gemeldeten SARS-CoV-2-Infektion in Deutschland (27. Januar), während des lokalen Ausbruchs in Heinsberg (25. Februar), nach den Schulschließungen (13. März) sowie, der absolute Höchstwert, nach Verkündung der bundesweiten Kontaktbeschränkungen (22. März) verzeichnet worden. Auf Bundesländerebene wurde immer dann ein Anstieg im Suchvolumen beobachtet, wenn die erste SARS-CoV-2 Infektion im jeweiligen Bundesland gemeldet wurde. Zudem wurde ein höheres RSV in Bundesländern mit mehr gemeldeten SARS-CoV-2-Infektionen registriert (r=0,6, p=0,014), wie z. B. in Bayern (RSV=96, 391 Infektionen/100 000 Einwohner) und Baden-Württemberg (RSV=98, 340 Infektionen/100 000 Einwohner). Das niedrigste RSV (n=83) und die niedrigste Anzahl an Infektionen (50 Infektionen/100 000 Einwohner) wurde in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern beobachtet. Seit Ende Mai ist das RSV bezüglich SARS-CoV-2 konstant gering, obwohl die Zahl an Neuinfektionen zwischenzeitlich aufgrund lokaler Ausbrüche gestiegen war wie z. B. der lokale Ausbruch in Gütersloh, Nordrhein-Westfalen. SCHLUßFOLGERUNG: Das RSV zum Thema "Coronavirus" bildeten das öffentliche Interesse während der ersten Monate der COVID-19 Pandemie präzise ab. Da das öffentliche Interesse jedoch stark nachgelassen hat, könnte es eine zentrale Herausforderung im weiteren Verlauf der Pandemie darstellen, die Bevölkerung weiterhin über neueste Entwicklungen und Maßnahmen informiert zu halten.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) and actinic keratosis (AK) as well as the number of dermatologists differ across the Bavarian counties in Germany. OBJECTIVES: To determine regions with low utilization rates of dermatological care and a high medical need due to AK and KC burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 2,483 people was carried out during the Munich Oktoberfest in September 2016. Participants from urban, semi-urban and rural areas completed a questionnaire and received a medical examination on site by dermatologists. RESULTS: The rate of previous skin cancer screening and previous treatment by dermatologists ranged from 18.8% to 58.6% and from 34.3% to 75.4% for all regions, respectively. Over 60% of people living in the environs or rural areas would consult a dermatologist first if they found a visible skin condition. Thus, people living in urban areas were twice as likely as people living in rural areas to consult a dermatologist first (odds ratio = 2.16; 95% CI: 1.38-3.39). Comparing the three different locations, dermatologists detected the highest AK burden among people living in rural areas (27.3% of the participants) and the highest KC burden among people living in urban areas (3.4% of the participants). CONCLUSION: In rural areas, a high AK burden coupled with a low utilization rate of dermatological care was observed. To effectively address these problems, a broader implementation of alternative medical resources, such as teledermatology, might improve access to health care.

11.
Phytother Res ; 34(9): 2170-2179, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189392

RESUMO

The purpose of this review is to examine epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) regarding its stability in different conditions (pH-value, concentration, temperature), its interactions with common cosmetic ingredients, and its application in the dermatological field. The literature research considered published journal articles (clinical trials and scientific reviews). Studies were identified by searching electronic databases (MEDLINE and PubMed) and reference lists of respective articles. Higher concentrations of EGCG were reported to correlate with better stability and the same can be said for low temperatures and pH values. The interaction between EGCG and hyaluronic acid strengthens its antioxidant activities. Titanium dioxide coated with EGCG proved a suitable ingredient in sunscreens. The polyphenol possesses antioxidant properties, which proved effective in the prevention of UV-induced skin damage and to alleviate the symptoms of Imiquimod-induced psoriasis. The three endpoints of this review not only showed interesting results but also highlighted some limitations of EGCG. Studies show that the molecule is unstable, which may hinder its dermatological and cosmetic applications. The reported interactions with cosmetic ingredients were limited. As the health aspects of EGCG are well-reported, ECGC has become a focus of interest for health professionals trying to treat common dermatological diseases.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Dermatologia/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Chá/química , Administração Tópica , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Catequina/administração & dosagem , Catequina/química , Catequina/isolamento & purificação , Cosméticos , Dermatologia/tendências , Humanos , Imiquimode/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Hautarzt ; 71(6): 455-462, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32206841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The disease burden of actinic keratoses and keratinocyte carcinoma can be reduced by primary and secondary prevention. However, these measures are often poorly received, especially among the high-risk group of outdoor workers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this follow-up study was to investigate whether an improvement in sun protection and awareness of skin changes could be observed among the study population, especially outdoor workers, one year after a prevention campaign focusing on this topic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2017, all participants who initially participated in a study at the Bavarian Central Agricultural Festival 2016 and agreed to participate in the follow-up study were contacted by mail and received the same questionnaire and evaluation questions regarding possible behavioral changes. RESULTS: A total of 400 people took part in the follow-up study (response rate 52.8%). Of the 240 outdoor workers, 45.0% said they were more conscious of protecting themselves from the sun and 68.8% said they were more aware of skin changes. About 85.0% of outdoor workers indicated that they would consult a dermatologist earlier and 65.8% desired further prevention campaigns regarding skin cancer and sun protection. CONCLUSION: Overall, the majority of participants reported that they had improved sun protection behavior and awareness of skin changes after the intervention. Based on the participants' self-disclosure, especially outdoor workers tended to use sun protection measure more frequently. These findings underline the importance of target group-oriented awareness and prevention campaigns to reduce the burden of skin cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Queratinócitos , Ceratose Actínica/prevenção & controle , Roupa de Proteção , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 99(9): 797-804, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073622

RESUMO

Skin cancer is a major public health issue, which could be reduced through prevention programmes. How-ever, prevention utilization is not very prevalent. It is therefore important to understand individuals' interest in skin cancer. Google AdWords Keyword Planner was used to identify the search volume of terms relating to skin cancer in 9 German cities between July 2014 and June 2018. From a total of 1,203 identified keywords, 1,047 search terms were related to skin cancer, which had a search volume of 3,460,980 queries for the study period. Most terms referred to "identifying skin cancer". For melanoma, the number of Google searches per 100,000 inhabitants correlated with the cancer registry data for melanoma incidence rates (men: r = 0.810, women: r = 0.569). Assessment of this data for the different cities further enabled identification of regional variations, which could help to identify areas with a high need for targeted prevention campaigns.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Ferramenta de Busca , Neoplasias Cutâneas , População Urbana , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle
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