Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nano Lett ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348146

RESUMO

Because of the toxicity of lead, searching for a lead-free halide perovskite semiconducting material with comparable optical and electronic properties is of great interest. Rare-earth-based halide perovskite represents a promising class of materials for this purpose. In this work, we demonstrate the solution-phase synthesis of single-crystalline CsEuCl3 nanocrystals with a uniform size distribution centered around 15 nm. The CsEuCl3 nanocrystals have photoluminescence emission centered at 435 nm, with a full width at half-maximum of 19 nm. Furthermore, CsEuCl3 nanocrystals can be embedded in a polymer matrix that provides enhanced stability under continuous laser irradiation. Lead-free rare-earth cesium europium halide perovskite nanocrystals represent a promising candidate to replace lead halide perovskites.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(45): 42280-42287, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682096

RESUMO

Glass and glass-ceramic samples of metastable lithium thiophosphates with compositions of 70Li2S-30P2S5 and Li7P3S11 were controllably prepared by using a rapid assisted-microwave procedure in under 30 min. The rapid preparation times and weak coupling of the evacuated silica ampules with microwave radiation ensure minimal reactivity of the reactants and the container. The microwave-prepared samples display comparable conductivity values with more conventionally prepared (melt quenched) glass and glass-ceramic samples, on the order of 0.1 and 1 mS cm-1 at room temperature, respectively. Rietveld analysis of synchrotron X-ray diffraction data acquired with an internal standard quantitatively yields phase amounts of the glassy and amorphous components, establishing the tunable nature of the microwave preparation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy confirm the composition and the appropriate ratios of isolated and corner-sharing tetrahedra in these semicrystalline systems. Solid-state 7Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy resolves the seven crystallographic Li sites in the crystalline compound into three main environments. The diffusion behavior of these Li environments as obtained from pulsed-field gradient NMR methods can be separated into one slow and one fast component. The rapid and tunable approach to the preparation of high quality "Li7P3S11" samples presented here coupled with detailed structural and compositional analysis opens the door to new and promising metastable solid electrolytes.

3.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 5329-5334, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30011211

RESUMO

Reducing the diameter of silver nanowires has been proven to be an effective way to improve their optoelectronic performance by lessening light attenuation. The state-of-the-art silver nanowires are typically around 20 nm in diameter. Herein we report a modified polyol synthesis of silver nanowires with average diameters as thin as 13 nm and aspect ratios up to 3000. The success of this synthesis is based on the employment of benzoin-derived radicals in the polyol approach and does not require high-pressure conditions. The strong reducing power of radicals allows the reduction of silver precursors to occur at relatively low temperatures, wherein the lateral growth of silver nanowires is restrained because of efficient surface passivation. The optoelectronic performance of as-prepared 13 nm silver nanowires presents a sheet resistance of 28 Ω sq-1 at a transmittance of 95% with a haze factor of ∼1.2%, comparable to that of commercial indium tin oxide (ITO).

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(8): 7208-7213, 2018 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457889

RESUMO

Rapid preparation utilizing assisted microwave heating permits significantly shorter preparation times for magnetocaloric compounds in the (Mn,Fe)2(P,Si) family, specifically samples of (Mn,Fe)2-δP0.5Si0.5 with starting compositions of δ = 0, 0.06, and 0.12. To fully understand the effects of processing and composition changes on structure and properties, these materials are characterized using synchrotron powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and magnetic measurements. The diffraction analysis reveals that increasing δ results in decreasing amounts of the common Heusler (Mn,Fe)3Si secondary phase. EMPA shows (Mn,Fe)2(P,Si) in all three samples to be Mn and P rich, whereas XRF demonstrates that the bulk material is Mn rich yet P deficient. Increasing δ brings the Mn/Fe and P/Si ratios closer to their starting values. Measurements of magnetic properties show an increase in saturation magnetization and ordering temperature with increasing δ, consistent with the increase in Fe and Si contents. Increasing δ also results in a decrease in thermal hysteresis and an increase in magnetic entropy change, the latter reaching values close to what have been previously reported on samples that take much longer to prepare.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(21): 7348-7354, 2017 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28482149

RESUMO

Copper nanowire networks are considered a promising alternative to indium tin oxide as transparent conductors. The fast degradation of copper in ambient conditions, however, largely overshadows their practical applications. Here, we develop the synthesis of ultrathin Cu@Au core-shell nanowires using trioctylphosphine as a strong binding ligand to prevent galvanic replacement reactions. The epitaxial overgrowth of a gold shell with a few atomic layers on the surface of copper nanowires can greatly enhance their resistance to heat (80 °C), humidity (80%) and air for at least 700 h, while their optical and electrical performance remained similar to the original high-performance copper (e.g., sheet resistance 35 Ω sq-1 at transmittance of ∼89% with a haze factor <3%). The precise engineering of core-shell nanostructures demonstrated in this study offers huge potential to further explore the applications of copper nanowires in flexible and stretchable electronic and optoelectronic devices.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(16): 5672-5675, 2017 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28353348

RESUMO

Early-late intermetallic phases have garnered increased attention recently for their catalytic properties. To achieve the high surface areas needed for industrially relevant applications, these phases must be synthesized as nanoparticles in a scalable fashion. Herein, Pt3Y-targeted as a prototypical example of an early-late intermetallic-has been synthesized as nanoparticles approximately 5-20 nm in diameter via a solution process and characterized by XRD, TEM, EDS, and XPS. The key development is the use of a molten borohydride (MEt3BH, M = Na, K) as both the reducing agent and reaction medium. Readily available halide precursors of the two metals are used. Accordingly, no organic ligands are necessary, as the resulting halide salt byproduct prevents sintering, which further permits dispersion of the nanoscale intermetallic onto a support. The versatility of this approach was validated by the synthesis of other intermetallic phases such as Pt3Sc, Pt3Lu, Pt2Na, and Au2Y.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(8): 3027-3032, 2017 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28141927

RESUMO

In this work, we report a new, general synthetic approach that uses heat driven benzoin radicals to grow ultrathin copper nanowires with tunable diameters. This is the first time carbon organic radicals have been used as a reducing agent in metal nanowire synthesis. In-situ temperature dependent electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic studies show that the active reducing agent is the free radicals produced by benzoins under elevated temperature. Furthermore, the reducing power of benzoin can be readily tuned by symmetrically decorating functional groups on the two benzene rings. When the aromatic rings are modified with electron donating (withdrawing) groups, the reducing power is promoted (suppressed). The controllable reactivity gives the carbon organic radical great potential as a versatile reducing agent that can be generalized in other metallic nanowire syntheses.

8.
ACS Nano ; 10(2): 2600-6, 2016 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26820809

RESUMO

Copper nanowire (Cu NW) based transparent conductors are promising candidates to replace ITO (indium-tin-oxide) owing to the high electrical conductivity and low-cost of copper. However, the relatively low performance and poor stability of Cu NWs under ambient conditions limit the practical application of these devices. Here, we report a solution-based approach to wrap graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets on the surface of ultrathin copper nanowires. By mild thermal annealing, GO can be reduced and high quality Cu r-GO core-shell NWs can be obtained. High performance transparent conducting films were fabricated with these ultrathin core-shell nanowires and excellent optical and electric performance was achieved. The core-shell NW structure enables the production of highly stable conducting films (over 200 days stored in air), which have comparable performance to ITO and silver NW thin films (sheet resistance ∼28 Ω/sq, haze ∼2% at transmittance of ∼90%).

9.
Nano Lett ; 15(11): 7610-5, 2015 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26496181

RESUMO

Colloidal metal nanowire based transparent conductors are excellent candidates to replace indium-tin-oxide (ITO) owing to their outstanding balance between transparency and conductivity, flexibility, and solution-processability. Copper stands out as a promising material candidate due to its high intrinsic conductivity and earth abundance. Here, we report a new synthetic approach, using tris(trimethylsilyl)silane as a mild reducing reagent, for synthesizing high-quality, ultrathin, and monodispersed copper nanowires, with an average diameter of 17.5 nm and a mean length of 17 µm. A study of the growth mechanism using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals that the copper nanowires adopt a five-fold twinned structure and evolve from decahedral nanoseeds. Fabricated transparent conducting films exhibit excellent transparency and conductivity. An additional advantage of our nanowire transparent conductors is highlighted through reduced optical haze factors (forward light scattering) due to the small nanowire diameter.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA