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1.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0187580, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no effective treatments or validated clinical response markers in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We assessed imaging biomarkers and performed gene expression profiling in a single-arm open-label clinical trial of tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib in patients with SSc-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). METHODS: Primary objectives were safety and pharmacokinetics. Secondary outcomes included clinical assessments, quantitative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest, serum biomarker assays and skin biopsy-based gene expression subset assignments. Clinical response was defined as decrease of >5 or >20% from baseline in the modified Rodnan Skin Score (MRSS). Pulmonary function was assessed at baseline and day 169. RESULTS: Dasatinib was well-tolerated in 31 patients receiving drug for a median of nine months. No significant changes in clinical assessments or serum biomarkers were seen at six months. By quantitative HRCT, 65% of patients showed no progression of lung fibrosis, and 39% showed no progression of total ILD. Among 12 subjects with available baseline and post-treatment skin biopsies, three were improvers and nine were non-improvers. Improvers mapped to the fibroproliferative or normal-like subsets, while seven out of nine non-improvers were in the inflammatory subset (p = 0.0455). Improvers showed stability in forced vital capacity (FVC) and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), while both measures showed a decline in non-improvers (p = 0.1289 and p = 0.0195, respectively). Inflammatory gene expression subset was associated with higher baseline HRCT score (p = 0.0556). Non-improvers showed significant increase in lung fibrosis (p = 0.0313). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SSc-ILD dasatinib treatment was associated with acceptable safety profile but no significant clinical efficacy. Patients in the inflammatory gene expression subset showed increase in skin fibrosis, decreasing pulmonary function and worsening lung fibrosis during the study. These findings suggest that target tissue-specific gene expression analyses can help match patients and therapeutic interventions in heterogeneous diseases such as SSc, and quantitative HRCT is useful for assessing clinical outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00764309.


Assuntos
Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Pele , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/dietoterapia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Pele/metabolismo
2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(14): 3101-3106, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28539220

RESUMO

A series of potent dual JAK1/3 inhibitors have been developed from a moderately selective JAK3 inhibitor. Substitution at the C6 position of the pyrrolopyridazine core with aryl groups provided exceptional biochemical potency against JAK1 and JAK3 while maintaining good selectivity against JAK2 and Tyk2. Translation to in vivo efficacy was observed in a murine model of chronic inflammation. X-ray co-crystal structure determination confirmed the presumed inhibitor binding orientation in JAK3. Efforts to reduce hERG channel inhibition will be described.


Assuntos
Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Piridazinas/síntese química , Piridazinas/farmacocinética , Pirróis/síntese química , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , TYK2 Quinase/metabolismo
3.
J Med Chem ; 58(19): 7775-84, 2015 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26359680

RESUMO

In search for prodrugs to address the issue of pH-dependent solubility and exposure associated with 1 (BMS-582949), a previously disclosed phase II clinical p38α MAP kinase inhibitor, a structurally novel clinical prodrug, 2 (BMS-751324), featuring a carbamoylmethylene linked promoiety containing hydroxyphenyl acetic acid (HPA) derived ester and phosphate functionalities, was identified. Prodrug 2 was not only stable but also water-soluble under both acidic and neutral conditions. It was effectively bioconverted into parent drug 1 in vivo by alkaline phosphatase and esterase in a stepwise manner, providing higher exposure of 1 compared to its direct administration, especially within higher dose ranges. In a rat LPS-induced TNFα pharmacodynamic model and a rat adjuvant arthritis model, 2 demonstrated similar efficacy to 1. Most importantly, it was shown in clinical studies that prodrug 2 was indeed effective in addressing the pH-dependent absorption issue associated with 1.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos/farmacologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfatos/química , Fenilacetatos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(24): 5721-5726, 2014 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25453808

RESUMO

A new class of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors was discovered using a rationally designed pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazine-3-carboxamide scaffold. Preliminary studies identified (R)-(2,2-dimethylcyclopentyl)amine as a preferred C4 substituent on the pyrrolopyridazine core (3b). Incorporation of amino group to 3-position of the cyclopentane ring resulted in a series of JAK3 inhibitors (4g-4j) that potently inhibited IFNγ production in an IL2-induced whole blood assay and displayed high functional selectivity for JAK3-JAK1 pathway relative to JAK2. Further modifications led to the discovery of an orally bioavailable (2-fluoro-2-methylcyclopentyl)amino analogue 5g which is a nanomolar inhibitor of both JAK3 and TYK2, functionally selective for the JAK3-JAK1 pathway versus JAK2, and active in a human whole blood assay.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(14): 4120-6, 2013 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23746475

RESUMO

A novel series of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors with high selectivity for the p38α isoform over the other family members including the highly homologous p38ß isoform has been identified. X-ray co-crystallographic studies have revealed an unprecedented kinase binding mode in p38α for representative analogs, 5c and 9d, in which a Leu108/Met109 peptide flip occurs within the p38α hinge region. Based on these findings, a general strategy for the rational design of additional promising p38α isoform selective inhibitors by targeting this novel binding mode is proposed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(10): 3028-33, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23578688

RESUMO

A series of carbamoylmethylene linked prodrugs of 1 (BMS-582949), a clinical p38α inhibitor, were synthesized and evaluated. Though the phosphoryloxymethylene carbamates (3, 4, and 5) and α-aminoacyloxymethylene carbamates (22, 23, and 26) were found unstable at neutral pH values, fumaric acid derived acyloxymethylene carbamates (2, 28, and 31) were highly stable under both acidic and neutral conditions. Prodrugs 2 and 31 were also highly soluble at both acidic and neutral pH values. At a solution dose of 14.2mpk (equivalent to 10mpk of 1), 2 gave essentially the same exposure of 1 compared to dosing 10mpk of 1 itself. At a suspension dose of 142mpk (equivalent to 100mpk of 1), 2 demonstrated that it could overcome the solubility issue associated with 1 and provide a much higher exposure of 1. To our knowledge, the unique type of prodrugs like 2, 28, and 31 was not reported in the past and could represent a novel prodrug approach for secondary amides, a class of molecules frequently identified as drug candidates.


Assuntos
Dacarbazina/análogos & derivados , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Triazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dacarbazina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/síntese química , Ratos , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura Ambiente , Triazinas/administração & dosagem , Triazinas/síntese química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(15): 4633-7, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21705217
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(23): 6886-9, 2010 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21035336

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38α MAP kinase inhibitors based on a 5-amino-pyrazole scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2j as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFα production. Compound 2j was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFα production in an acute murine model of TNFα production. X-ray co-crystallography of a 5-amino-pyrazole analog 2f bound to unphosphorylated p38α is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
9.
J Med Chem ; 53(18): 6629-39, 2010 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20804198

RESUMO

The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike alkyl and other cycloalkyls, the sp(2) character of the cyclopropyl group can confer improved H-bonding characteristics to the directly substituted amide NH. Inhibitor 7k is slightly less active than 1a in the p38α enzymatic assay but displays a superior pharmacokinetic profile and, as such, was more effective in both the acute murine model of inflammation and pseudoestablished rat AA model. The binding mode of 7k with p38α was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(19): 5864-8, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20732813

RESUMO

The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of 2-aminothiazol-5-yl-pyrimidines as novel p38α MAP kinase inhibitors are described. These efforts led to the identification of 41 as a potent p38α inhibitor that utilizes a unique nitrogen-sulfur intramolecular nonbonding interaction to stabilize the conformation required for binding to the p38α active site. X-ray crystallographic studies that confirm the proposed binding mode of this class of inhibitors in p38 α and provide evidence for the proposed intramolecular nitrogen-sulfur interaction are discussed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrogênio/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Enxofre/química , Tiazóis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia
11.
J Biol Chem ; 285(21): 16116-24, 2010 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20332089

RESUMO

Glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the formation of the cellular antioxidant glutathione (GSH). The GCL holoenzyme consists of two separately coded proteins, a catalytic subunit (GCLC) and a modifier subunit (GCLM). Both GCLC and GLCM are controlled transcriptionally by a variety of cellular stimuli, including oxidative stress. This study addresses post-translational control of GCL activity, which increased rapidly in human lymphocytes following oxidative stress. Activation of GCL occurred within minutes of treatment and without any change in GCL protein levels and coincided with an increase in the proportion of GCLC in the holoenzyme form. Likewise, GCLM shifted from the monomeric form to holoenzyme and higher molecular weight species. Normal rat tissues also showed a distribution of monomeric and higher molecular weight forms. Neither GCL activation, nor the formation of holoenzyme, required a covalent intermolecular disulfide bridge between GCLC and GCLM. However, in immunoprecipitation studies, a neutralizing epitope associated with enzymatic activity was protected following cellular oxidative stress. Thus, the N-terminal portion of GCLC may undergo a change that stabilizes the GCL holoenzyme. Our results suggest that a dynamic equilibrium exists between low and high activity forms of GCL and is altered by transient oxidative stress. This provides a mechanism for the rapid post-translational activation of GCL and maintenance of cellular GSH homeostasis.


Assuntos
Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Homeostase/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Transcrição Genética/fisiologia , Animais , Dissulfetos/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/fisiologia , Holoenzimas/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Linfócitos/enzimologia , Camundongos , Especificidade de Órgãos/fisiologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Ratos
12.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 9(11): 1038-48, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19747121

RESUMO

The p38 kinase plays a central role in inflammation, and it has been the subject of extensive efforts in both basic research and drug discovery. This review summarizes the biology of the p38 kinase with a focus on its role in inflammation. The p38 kinase regulates the production of key inflammatory mediators by cells of the innate immune system, including TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and COX-2. In addition, p38 also acts downstream of cytokines such as TNFalpha, mediating some of their effects. Recently p38 has also been found to play a role in responses of T cells, including Th17 and regulatory T cells. Consistent with its important role in inflammation, recent evidence suggests cells may utilize a variety of feedback mechanisms to regulate and maintain p38 signal transduction. The biological processes regulated by p38 kinase suggest both a wide variety of potential indications for inhibitors and a level of complexity that has proven challenging to drug discovery efforts around this target.


Assuntos
Inflamação/enzimologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Ativação Enzimática , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2739-44, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18364256

RESUMO

A novel series of compounds based on the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine ring system have been identified as potent p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors. The synthesis, structure-activity relationships (SAR), and in vivo activity of selected analogs from this class of inhibitors are reported. Additional studies based on X-ray co-crystallography have revealed that one of the potent inhibitors from this series binds to the DFG-out conformation of the p38 alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/síntese química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Amidas/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2652-7, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18359226

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors based on a pyrazolo-pyrimidine scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2x as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38 alpha MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFalpha production. Compound 2x was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFalpha production in an acute murine model of TNFalpha production. X-ray co-crystallography of a pyrazolo-pyrimidine analog 2b bound to unphosphorylated p38 alpha is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/química
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1762-7, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18313298
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1874-9, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18296051

RESUMO

Rational design, synthesis, and SAR studies of a novel class of benzothiazole based inhibitors of p38alpha MAP kinase are described. The issue of metabolic instability associated with vicinal phenyl, benzo[d]thiazol-6-yl oxazoles/imidazoles was addressed by the replacement of the central oxazole or imidazole ring with an aminopyrazole system. The proposed binding mode of this new class of p38alpha inhibitors was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies of a representative inhibitor (6a) bound to the p38alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis/química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/enzimologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Microssomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
Blood ; 111(3): 1366-77, 2008 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17962511

RESUMO

Dasatinib is an oral small molecule inhibitor of Abl and Src family tyrosine kinases (SFK), including p56(Lck) (Lck). Given the central importance of Lck in transmitting signals from the T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling complex and the potent ability of dasatinib to inhibit Lck activity, we hypothesized this agent could provide a novel route of immunomodulation via targeted inhibition of antigen-induced signaling. Herein, we show that dasatinib inhibits TCR-mediated signal transduction, cellular proliferation, cytokine production, and in vivo T-cell responses. However, dasatinib-mediated inhibition does not induce apoptosis because the effect is reversible or may be overcome by signals bypassing the TCR, such as phorbol ester. Signal transduction and proliferative responses via IL-2 remain essentially unperturbed, suggesting that dasatinib displays specificity for TCR signaling. In addition, dasatinib combined with cyclosporine A or rapamycin led to a much more potent inhibition of T-cell activation, suggesting that targeted inhibition of Lck could be a useful adjunct for enhanced immunomodulation. In combination with currently available immunomodulatory agents, SFK inhibition could potentially increase immunomodulatory efficacy while minimizing toxicity of individual agents.


Assuntos
Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Antígenos CD28/imunologia , Complexo CD3/imunologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ciclosporina/farmacologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Dasatinibe , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Linfócitos T/enzimologia
18.
J Med Chem ; 51(1): 4-16, 2008 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18072718

RESUMO

A novel structural class of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors consisting of substituted 4-(phenylamino)-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazines has been discovered. An initial subdeck screen revealed that the oxindole-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine lead 2a displayed potent enzyme inhibition (IC 50 60 nM) and was active in a cell-based TNFalpha biosynthesis inhibition assay (IC 50 210 nM). Replacement of the C4 oxindole with 2-methyl-5- N-methoxybenzamide aniline 9 gave a compound with superior p38 kinase inhibition (IC 50 10 nM) and moderately improved functional inhibition in THP-1 cells. Further replacement of the C6 ester of the pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine with amides afforded compounds with increased potency, excellent oral bioavailability, and robust efficacy in a murine model of acute inflammation (murine LPS-TNFalpha). In rodent disease models of chronic inflammation, multiple compounds demonstrated significant inhibition of disease progression leading to the advancement of 2 compounds 11b and 11j into further preclinical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
19.
20.
J Med Chem ; 49(23): 6819-32, 2006 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17154512

RESUMO

2-aminothiazole (1) was discovered as a novel Src family kinase inhibitor template through screening of our internal compound collection. Optimization through successive structure-activity relationship iterations identified analogs 2 (Dasatinib, BMS-354825) and 12m as pan-Src inhibitors with nanomolar to subnanomolar potencies in biochemical and cellular assays. Molecular modeling was used to construct a putative binding model for Lck inhibition by this class of compounds. The framework of key hydrogen-bond interactions proposed by this model was in agreement with the subsequent, published crystal structure of 2 bound to structurally similar Abl kinase. The oral efficacy of this class of inhibitors was demonstrated with 12m in inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-2 ex vivo in mice (ED50 approximately 5 mg/kg) and in reducing TNF levels in an acute murine model of inflammation (90% inhibition in LPS-induced TNFalpha production when dosed orally at 60 mg/kg, 2 h prior to LPS administration). The oral efficacy of 12m was further demonstrated in a chronic model of adjuvant arthritis in rats with established disease when administered orally at 0.3 and 3 mg/kg twice daily. Dasatinib (2) is currently in clinical trials for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Tiazóis/síntese química , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Dasatinibe , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiazóis/química , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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