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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705746

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sclerostin inhibits bone formation and stimulates bone resorption. Previous studies found a positive association between bone density and serum sclerostin, but literature on sclerostin levels in osteoporotic fracture patients is scarce. The aim of the present study was to compare the serum sclerostin levels in osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic fracture patients and to assess the correlation of the sclerostin levels with bone mineral density and vitamin D status. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included patients over 50 years, with an extremity fracture after low-energy trauma treated between 2012 and 2018, with biobank samples and available bone density measurements by Dual X-ray Absorption. Osteoporosis was diagnosed according the World Health Organisation criteria. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D concentration < 30 nmol/L. After defrosting biobank samples, serum sclerostin was measured using the human SOST (sclerostin) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. We prespecified a subgroup analysis including only female patients. RESULTS: 179 patients were included of whom 139(78%) were female. In 46 patients (25.7%), osteoporosis was diagnosed. Bone mineral density was positively associated with sclerostin levels (r = 0.17, p = 0.026) and patients with osteoporosis had a significantly lower serum sclerostin compared to non-osteoporotic fracture patients (mean 41.9 pmol/L vs 48.1 pmol/L; p = 0.03). This difference remained significant after correction for potential confounders. Similar results were found in the subgroup of female patients. No association between serum sclerostin and vitamin D deficiency was found. CONCLUSION: Osteoporotic fracture patients had lower levels of sclerostin than non-osteoporotic fracture patients. Future research should focus on the use of sclerostin as biomarker for osteoporosis in fracture patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674808
5.
Blood Adv ; 2022 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609312

RESUMO

Lower-leg injury and knee arthroscopy are associated with increased venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk. It is unknown how these conditions affect coagulation. To study the effect of 1) lower-leg trauma and 2) knee arthroscopy on coagulation. Plasma samples of the POT-(K)CAST trials were used, which were collected shortly after lower-leg trauma (POT-CAST, clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01542762) and before/after (<4 hours) knee arthroscopy (POT-KAST, clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01542723). For aim 1, 1204 lower-leg injury patients were compared with preoperative samples of 1001 controls. Mean differences/ratios (if ln-retransformed due to skewedness) were adjusted for sex, age, body mass index, comorbidity, malignancy, oral contraceptives using linear regression. For aim 2, pre- and postoperative samples of 715 arthroscopy patients were compared resulting in paired mean changes. Plasma levels of fibrinogen, factor (F)VIII, IX, XI, von Willebrand Factor (VWF), D-dimer were measured in all individuals. Parameters of underlying mechanisms (including tissue factor, interleukin-6 [IL-6], myeloperoxidase-DNA, cell-free DNA) were measured in random subsets. In patients with lower-leg injury, plasma levels of coagulation parameters increased, especially FVIII, VWF and D-dimer, i.e., adjusted mean differences: FVIII 26.8% (95%CI 23.7;29.9), FIX 13.8% (95%CI 11.9;15.6), FXI 5.1% (95%CI 3.3;7.0), VWF 29.8% (95%CI 26.0;33.6), fibrinogen 32.5 mg/dL (95%CI 25.8;39.2), D-dimer [mean ratio] 3.3 (95%CI 3.1;3.6). Levels of remaining parameters were unchanged, except for (somewhat) increased IL-6 levels. After knee arthroscopy, plasma levels of all parameters decreased. Lower-leg trauma is associated with increased procoagulant factor levels, in contrast to knee arthroscopy. This finding suggests that in both situations, different pathways are involved in development of VTE.

6.
Arch Osteoporos ; 17(1): 73, 2022 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476158

RESUMO

To compare hospitals' hip fracture patient mortality in a quality of care registry, correction for patient characteristics is needed. This study evaluates in 39,374 patients which characteristics are associated with 30 and 90-day mortality, and showed how using these characteristics in a case mix-model changes hospital comparisons within the Netherlands. PURPOSE: Mortality rates after hip fracture surgery are considerable and may be influenced by patient characteristics. This study aims to evaluate hospital variation regarding patient demographics and disease burden, to develop a case-mix adjustment model to analyse differences in hip fracture patients' mortality to calculate case-mix adjusted hospital-specific mortality rates. METHODS: Data were derived from 64 hospitals participating in the Dutch Hip Fracture Audit (DHFA). Adult hip fracture patients registered in 2017-2019 were included. Variation of case-mix factors between hospitals was analysed, and the association between case-mix factors and mortality at 30 and 90 days was determined through regression models. RESULTS: There were 39,374 patients included. Significant variation in case-mix factors amongst hospitals was found for age ≥ 80 (range 25.8-72.1% p < 0.001), male gender (12.0-52.9% p < 0.001), nursing home residents (42.0-57.9% p < 0.001), pre-fracture mobility aid use (9.9-86.7% p < 0,001), daily living dependency (27.5-96.5% p < 0,001), ASA-class ≥ 3 (25.8-83.3% p < 0.001), dementia (3.6-28.6% p < 0.001), osteoporosis (0.0-57.1% p < 0.001), risk of malnutrition (0.0-29.2% p < 0.001) and fracture types (all p < 0.001). All factors were associated with 30- and 90-day mortality. Eight hospitals showed higher and six showed lower 30-day mortality than expected based on their case-mix. Six hospitals showed higher and seven lower 90-day mortality than expected. The specific outlier hospitals changed when correcting for case-mix factors. CONCLUSIONS: Dutch hospitals show significant case-mix variation regarding hip fracture patients. Case-mix adjustment is a prerequisite when comparing hospitals' 30-day and 90-day hip fracture patients' mortality. Adjusted mortality may serve as a starting point for improving hip fracture care.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Risco Ajustado , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures (pSCHFs) may be challenging injuries to treat because of the potential residual deformity. There is debate regarding the technical aspects of adequate closed reduction and crossed Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation. PURPOSE: Do surgeons have an agreement on the aspects of the fixation of pSCHFs? METHODS: Radiographs of 20 patients from a cohort of 154 patients with pSCHFs treated with closed reduction and crossed K-wire fixation were selected. Forty-four surgeons viewed the postoperative radiographs and diagnosed the presence or absence of technical flaws and made a recommendation for or against reoperation. An expert panel of three orthopedic and trauma surgeons provided a reference standard for technical factors. Furthermore, final outcome 2 years after trauma was assessed. RESULTS: There was limited agreement on potential technical flaws (ICC 0.15-0.28), radiographic measures of alignment (ICC for anterior humeral line and Baumann angle of 0.37 and 0.23 respectively), the quality of postoperative reduction, position of the elbow in cast, and recommendation for repeat surgery (ICCs between 0.23 and 0.40). Sensitivity and specificity for these questions ranged from 0.59 to 0.90. There was no correlation between the voted quality of postoperative reduction and loss of reduction or final function. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons have limited agreement on the quality of postoperative results in pSCHFs and the indication for reoperation. Reviewing postoperative radiographs may present a good learning opportunity and could help improve skills, but it is not a validated method for quality control and has to be seen in light of clinical outcome.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445813

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Berlin poly-trauma definition (BPD) has proven to be a valuable way of identifying patients with at least a 20% risk of mortality, by combining anatomical injury characteristics with the presence of physiological risk factors (PRFs). Severe isolated injuries (SII) are excluded from the BPD. This study describes the characteristics, resource use and outcomes of patients with SII according to their injured body region, and compares them with those included in the BPD. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Dutch National Trauma Registry between 2015 and 2019. SII patients were defined as those with an injury with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score ≥ 4 in one body region, with at most minor additional injuries (AIS ≤ 2). We performed an SII subgroup analysis per AIS region of injury. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for SII subgroup patient outcomes, and resource needs. RESULTS: A total of 10.344 SII patients were included; 47.8% were ICU admitted, and the overall mortality was 19.5%. The adjusted risk of death was highest for external (2.5, CI 1.9-3.2) and for head SII (2.0, CI 1.7-2.2). Patients with SII to the abdomen (2.3, CI 1.9-2.8) and thorax (1.8, CI 1.6-2.0) had a significantly higher risk of ICU admission. The highest adjusted risk of disability was recorded for spine injuries (10.3, CI 8.3-12.8). The presence of ≥ 1 PRFs was associated with higher mortality rates compared to their poly-trauma counterparts, displaying rates of at least 15% for thoracic, 17% for spine, 22% for head and 49% for external SII. CONCLUSION: A severe isolated injury is a high-risk entity and should be recognized and treated as such. The addition of PRFs to the isolated anatomical injury criteria contributes to the identification of patients with SII at risk of worse outcomes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267051

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emergency physicians and trauma surgeons are increasingly confronted with pre-injury direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). The objective of this study was to assess if pre-injury DOACs, compared to vitamin K antagonists (VKA), or no oral anticoagulants is independently associated with differences in treatment, mortality and inpatient rehabilitation requirement. METHODS: We performed a review of the prospectively maintained institutional trauma registry at an urban academic level 1 trauma center. We included all geriatric patients (aged ≥ 65 years) with tICH after a fall, admitted between January 2011 and December 2018. Multivariable logistic regression analysis controlling for demographics, comorbidities, vital signs, and tICH types were performed to identify the association between pre-injury anticoagulants and reversal agent use, neurosurgical interventions, inhospital mortality, 3-day mortality, and discharge to inpatient rehabilitation. RESULTS: A total of 1453 tICH patients were included (52 DOAC, 376 VKA, 1025 control). DOAC use was independently associated with lower odds of receiving specific reversal agents [odds ratio (OR) 0.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.15-0.54] than VKA patients. DOAC use was independently associated with requiring neurosurgical intervention (OR 3.14, 95% CI 1.36-7.28). VKA use, but not DOAC use, was independently associated with inhospital mortality, or discharge to hospice care (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.15-2.27) compared to controls. VKA use was independently associated with higher odds of discharge to inpatient rehabilitation (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.06-1.87) compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Despite the higher neurosurgical intervention rates, patients with pre-injury DOAC use were associated with comparable rates of mortality and discharge to inpatient rehabilitation as patients without anticoagulation exposure. Future research should focus on risk assessment and stratification of DOAC-exposed trauma patients.

10.
Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg ; 48(2): 697-698, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320371
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35137249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic severely disrupted society and the health care system. In addition to epidemiological changes, little is known about the pandemic's effects on the trauma care chain. Therefore, in addition to epidemiology and aetiology, this study aims to describe the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on prehospital times, resource use and outcome. METHODS: A multicentre observational cohort study based on the Dutch Nationwide Trauma Registry was performed. Characteristics, resource usage, and outcomes of trauma patients treated at all trauma-receiving hospitals during the first (W1, March 12 through May 11) and second waves (W2, May 12 through September 23), as well as the interbellum period in between (INT, September 23 through December 31), were compared with those treated from the same periods in 2018 and 2019. RESULTS: The trauma caseload was reduced by 20% during the W1 period and 11% during the W2 period. The median length of stay was significantly shortened for hip fracture and major trauma patients (ISS ≥ 16). A 33% and 66% increase in the prevalence of minor self-harm-related injuries was recorded during the W1 and W2 periods, respectively, and a 36% increase in violence-related injuries was recorded during the INT. Mortality was significantly higher in the W1 (2.9% vs. 2.2%) and W2 (3.2% vs. 2.7%) periods. CONCLUSION: The imposed restrictions in response to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic led to diminished numbers of acute trauma admissions in the Netherlands. The long-lasting pressing demand for resources, including ICU services, has negatively affected trauma care. Further caution is warranted regarding the increased incidence of injuries related to violence and self-harm.

12.
Ann Surg ; 275(2): 252-258, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the outcome of major trauma patients in the Netherlands. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Major trauma patients highly rely on immediate access to specialized services, including ICUs, shortages caused by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may influence their outcome. METHODS: A multi-center observational cohort study, based on the Dutch National Trauma Registry was performed. Characteristics, resource usage, and outcome of major trauma patients (injury severity score ≥16) treated at all trauma-receiving hospitals during the first COVID-19 peak (March 23 through May 10) were compared with those treated from the same period in 2018 and 2019 (reference period). RESULTS: During the peak period, 520 major trauma patients were admitted, versus 570 on average in the pre-COVID-19 years. Significantly fewer patients were admitted to ICU facilities during the peak than during the reference period (49.6% vs 55.8%; P=0.016). Patients with less severe traumatic brain injuries in particular were less often admitted to the ICU during the peak (40.5% vs 52.5%; P=0.005). Moreover, this subgroup showed an increased mortality compared to the reference period (13.5% vs 7.7%; P=0.044). These results were confirmed using multivariable logistic regression analyses. In addition, a significant increase in observed versus predicted mortality was recorded for patients who had a priori predicted mortality of 50% to 75% (P=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 peak had an adverse effect on trauma care as major trauma patients were less often admitted to ICU and specifically those with minor through moderate brain injury had higher mortality rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Triagem
13.
Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg ; 48(2): 1035-1043, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, an inclusive trauma system was implemented in the Netherlands. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of structured trauma care on the concentration of severely injured patients over time. METHODS: All severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥ 16) documented in the Dutch Trauma Registry (DTR) in the calendar period 2008-2018 were included for analysis. We compared severely injured patients, with and without severe neurotrauma, directly brought to trauma centers (TC) and non-trauma centers (NTC). The proportion of patients being directly transported to a trauma center was determined, as was the total Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS), and ISS. RESULTS: The documented number of severely injured patients increased from 2350 in 2008 to 4694 in 2018. During this period, on average, 70% of these patients were directly admitted to a TC (range 63-74%). Patients without severe neurotrauma had a lower chance of being brought to a TC compared to those with severe neurotrauma. Patients directly presented to a TC were more severely injured, reflected by a higher total AIS and ISS, than those directly transported to a NTC. CONCLUSION: Since the introduction of a well-organized trauma system in the Netherlands, trauma care has become progressively centralized, with more severely injured patients being directly presented to a TC. However, still 30% of these patients is initially brought to a NTC. Future research should focus on improving pre-hospital triage to facilitate swift transfer of the right patient to the right hospital.


Assuntos
Centros de Traumatologia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triagem , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
14.
Injury ; 53(3): 1122-1130, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Two medical specialties, general surgery and orthopaedic surgery, with different training programs but matching trauma certification requirements, provide hip fracture surgery in the Netherlands. This study analyses treatment preferences and guideline adherence of Dutch surgeons with different surgical backgrounds. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All hip fracture patients registered in the Dutch Hip Fracture Audit in 2018 and 2019 were included in this retrospective study. Four types of surgeons were distinguished: trauma-certified general surgeons (ST+), non-trauma certified general surgeons (ST-), trauma-certified orthopaedic surgeons (OT+) and non-trauma certified orthopaedic surgeons (OT-). Differences in patient characteristics, and practice variation in treatment choices and guideline adherence per fracture type were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: 28,656 patients were included; 16,367 (57.1%) treated by ST+, 1,371 (4.8%) by ST-, 4,692 (16.4%) by OT+ and 6,226 (21.7%) by OT-. Few clinically relevant differences in patient characteristics and hospital processes were found between all surgeon groups. Displaced FNF were the most commonly treated fracture type for all types of surgeons. Both OT+ and OT- operated mostly (displaced) FNFs, while the fracture types treated by ST+ and ST- were more heterogeneous. For all fracture types, the orthopaedic surgeons performed THA and HA more often than general surgeons, while general surgeons more often placed SHS and IMN for specific fracture types. Guideline adherence was on average 68.4% and differed significantly per surgeon type (68.7% by ST+, 65.2% by ST-, 74.4% by OT+ and 63.6% by OT- (p<0.01)), as well as per fracture type: >90% treatment according to the guideline for trochanteric AO-31A2 and A3 fractures, 18.8% for AO-31A1 fractures and 51.7% guideline adherence for undisplaced FNF. Guideline adherence for displaced FNF varied depending on patient characteristics. DISCUSSION: In the Netherlands, different surgical specialists treat different types of hip fractures and have different preferences concerning implants for hip fracture surgery in comparable patients. Guideline adherence of trauma- and non-trauma certified orthopaedics and general surgeons differs significantly. Reduction of practice variation should be strived for in order to improve hip fracture care.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Fraturas do Quadril , Cirurgiões , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Injury ; 53(3): 1169-1176, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with hip fractures (HF) have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). In elective orthopedic surgery direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have proven to be similarly or more effective compared to low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), but DOACs are not yet approved for thromboprophylaxis in trauma patients with HF. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature comparing the effectiveness of DOACs and LMWH for thromboprophylaxis in trauma patients with surgically treated HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase. The primary outcome was the incidence of VTE (symptomatic and asymptomatic combined). Secondary outcomes were symptomatic VTE; a symptomatic VTE, symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT); symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE); major, clinically relevant non-major (CRNM), and minor bleeding. Meta-analysis was performed to compare the odds of VTE and secondary outcomes between DOACs and LMWH. RESULTS: The search resulted in 738 titles. Five studies matched inclusion criteria. In total, 4748 hip fracture patients were analyzed (DOACs: 2276 patients, LMWH: 2472 patients). The pooled odds ratio for the risk of VTE for DOAC use was 0.52 (95% confidence interval 0.25-1.11, p = 0.09) compared to LMWH. No statistically significant differences between DOAC and LMWH were found for asymptomatic VTE, symptomatic DVT, PE, major or CRNM bleeding, and minor bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Meta-analysis of the literature suggests that DOACs are associated with equivalent effectiveness and safety compared to LMWH.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Embolia Pulmonar , Tromboembolia Venosa , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196727

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology, treatment and costs of hand and wrist injuries presenting to the Dutch ED. With increasing medical costs and crowding of emergency departments (ED), a more detailed description of emergency department attendance of hand and wrist injuries and their treatment may help to facilitate more adequate allocation of health care services. METHODS: The Dutch Injury Surveillance System obtained a total of 160,250 hand and wrist injuries. Patient characteristics, incidence rates, type of injury, treatment, and costs were described. RESULTS: The incidence of hand and wrist injuries in the Netherlands in 2016 was 11 per 1000 in males and 8 per 1000 in females. This is about 25% of all injuries presented at the ED. Of all hand injuries, only 3% was directly admitted to the hospital or received emergency surgery. Thirty percent did not need further treatment in the hospital. CONCLUSION: The current data suggest that a substantial proportion of the hand and wrist injuries needed no subsequent specialized treatment. Although the severity of the injury could not be deduced from our data, the data suggest a ground for a more extensive role of primary health care (general) practitioners in the primary triage and treatment of hand and wrist injuries. This may reduce health care cost and help decongest the ED departments. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these preliminary conclusions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

17.
Crit Care Med ; 49(10): e1025-e1036, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33967205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To combine evidence on andexanet alfa and prothrombin complex concentrates for factor Xa inhibitor-associated bleeding to guide clinicians on reversal strategies. DATA SOURCES: Embase, Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Observational studies and randomized clinical trials studying hemostatic effectiveness of andexanet alfa or prothrombin complex concentrate for acute reversal of factor Xa inhibitor-associated hemorrhage. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent reviewers extracted the data from the studies. Visualization and comparison of hemostatic effectiveness using Sarode et al or International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis Scientific and Standardization Committee criteria at 12 and 24 hours, (venous) thrombotic event rates, and inhospital mortality were performed by constructing Forest plots. Exploratory analysis using a logistic mixed model analysis was performed to identify factors associated with effectiveness and venous thromboembolic event. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 21 studies were included (andexanet: 438 patients; prothrombin complex concentrate: 1,278 patients). The (weighted) mean effectiveness for andexanet alfa was 82% at 12 hours and 71% at 24 hours. The (weighted) mean effectiveness for prothrombin complex concentrate was 88% at 12 hours and 76% at 24 hours. The mean 30-day symptomatic venous thromboembolic event rates were 5.0% for andexanet alfa and 1.9% for prothrombin complex concentrate. The mean 30-day total thrombotic event rates for andexanet alfa and prothrombin complex concentrate were 10.7% and 3.1%, respectively. Mean inhospital mortality was 23.3% for andexanet versus 15.8% for prothrombin complex concentrate. Exploratory analysis controlling for potential confounders did not demonstrate significant differences between both reversal agents. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, available evidence does not unequivocally support the clinical effectiveness of andexanet alfa or prothrombin complex concentrate to reverse factor Xa inhibitor-associated acute major bleeding, nor does it permit conventional meta-analysis of potential superiority. Neither reversal agent was significantly associated with increased effectiveness or a higher rate of venous thromboembolic event. These results underscore the importance of randomized controlled trials comparing the two reversal agents and may provide guidance in designing institutional guidelines.


Assuntos
Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Fator Xa/farmacologia , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Protrombina/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Coagulantes/administração & dosagem , Coagulantes/farmacologia , Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Humanos , Protrombina/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem
18.
Injury ; 52(7): 1688-1696, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of trauma systems is to match patient care needs to the capabilities of the receiving centre. Severely injured patients have shown better outcomes if treated in a major trauma centre (MTC). We aimed to evaluate patient distribution in the Dutch trauma system. Furthermore, we sought to identify factors associated with the undertriage and transport of severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) >15) to the MTC by emergency medical services (EMS). METHODS: Data on all acute trauma admissions in the Netherlands (2015-2016) were extracted from the Dutch national trauma registry. An ambulance driving time model was applied to calculate MTC transport times and transport times of ISS >15 patients to the closest MTC and non-MTC. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with ISS >15 patients' EMS undertriage to an MTC. RESULTS: Of the annual average of 78,123 acute trauma admissions, 4.9% had an ISS >15. The nonseverely injured patients were predominantly treated at non-MTCs (79.2%), and 65.4% of patients with an ISS >15 received primary MTC care. This rate varied across the eleven Dutch trauma networks (36.8%-88.4%) and was correlated with the transport times to an MTC (Pearson correlation -0.753, p=0.007). The trauma networks also differed in the rates of secondary transfers of ISS >15 patients to MTC hospitals (7.8% - 59.3%) and definitive MTC care (43.6% - 93.2%). Factors associated with EMS undertriage of ISS >15 patients to the MTC were female sex, older age, severe thoracic and abdominal injury, and longer additional EMS transport times. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-third of all severely injured patients in the Netherlands are not initially treated at an MTC. Special attention needs to be directed to identifying patient groups with a high risk of undertriage. Furthermore, resources to overcome longer transport times to an MTC, including the availability of ambulance and helicopter services, may improve direct MTC care and result in a decrease in the variation of the undertriage of severely injured patients to MTCs among the Dutch trauma networks. Furthermore, attention needs to be directed to improving primary triage guidelines and instituting uniform interfacility transfer agreements.


Assuntos
Centros de Traumatologia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triagem , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
20.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 63, 2021 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829364

RESUMO

Individual process indicators often do not enable the benchmarking of hospitals and often lack an association with outcomes of care. The composite hip fracture process indicator, textbook process, might be a tool to detect hospital variation and is associated with better outcomes during hospital stay. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine hospital variation in quality of hip fracture care using a composite process indicator (textbook process) and to evaluate at patient level whether fulfilment of the textbook process indicator was associated with better outcomes during hospital stay. METHODS: Hip fracture patients aged 70 and older operated in five hospitals between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2018 were included. Textbook process for hip fracture care was defined as follows: (1) assessment of malnutrition (2) surgery within 24 h, (3) orthogeriatric management during admission and (4) operation by an orthopaedic trauma certified surgeon. Hospital variation analysis was done by computing an observed/expected ratio (O/E ratio) for textbook process at hospital level. The expected ratios were derived from a multivariable logistic regression analysis including all relevant case-mix variables. The association between textbook process compliance and in-hospital complications and prolonged hospital stay was determined at patient level in a multivariable logistic regression model, with correction for patient, treatment and hospital characteristics. In-hospital complications were anaemia, delirium, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, in-hospital fall, heart failure, renal insufficiency, pulmonary embolism, wound infection and pressure ulcer. RESULTS: Of the 1371 included patients, 753 (55%) received care according to textbook process. At hospital level, the textbook compliance rates ranged from 38 to 76%. At patient level, textbook process compliance was significantly associated with fewer complications (38% versus 46%) (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.84), but not with hospital stay (median length of hospital stay was 5 days in both groups) (OR 1.01, 95% CI 0.78-1.30). CONCLUSION: The textbook process indicator for hip fracture care might be a tool to detect hospital variation. At patient level, this quality indicator is associated with fewer complications during hospital stay.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanos , Tempo de Internação
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