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1.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; : 1-13, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689549

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Awareness of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is increasing worldwide and specialists are now familiar with most of its clinical manifestations and mimickers. IgG4-RD promptly responds to glucocorticoids and repeated courses are typically used to induce and maintain remission because the disease relapses in most patients. If left untreated, it can lead to organ dysfunction, organ failure and death. Advancement in our understanding of IgG4-RD pathogenesis is leading to the identification of novel therapeutic targets and emerging treatments are now setting the stage for personalized therapies for the future. AREAS COVERED: This review focuses on emerging treatment options for IgG4-RD based on our advancing understanding of disease pathophysiology. Research was performed in the English literature on Pubmed and clinicaltrials.gov databases. EXPERT OPINION: Glucocorticoids remain the first-line induction treatment for the multi-organ manifestations of IgG4-RD. Alternative immunosuppressive agents for maintaining remission are warranted in order to avoid long-term steroid toxicity, and to offer a more mechanistic and personalized therapeutic strategy. Targeting B and T-lymphocyte activation represents the most promising approach, but randomized controlled trials are eagerly awaited to confirm positive preliminary experiences reported in case series and small cohort studies.

2.
Haematologica ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626866

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) are associated with systemic inflammatory or autoimmune diseases in 10-20 % of cases. Among them, immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) has been reported but large studies assessing this association are missing. Whether such patients have a particular phenotype and require particular management is unclear. This study analyzes the clinical spectrum, outcome and therapeutic management of patients with ITP associated with MDS or CMML, in comparison (i) to patients with primary ITP without MDS/CMML and (ii) to patients with MDS/CMML without ITP. Forty-one MDS/CMML-associated ITP patients were included, with chronic ITP in 26 (63%) patients, low-risk myelodysplasia in 30 (73%) patients and CMML in 24 (59%) patients. An associated autoimmune disease was noted in 10 (24%) patients. In comparison to primary ITP patients, MDS/CMML-associated ITP patients had a higher occurrence of severe bleeding despite similar platelet counts at diagnosis. First-line treatment consisted of glucocorticoids (98%) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) (56%). Response achievement with IVIg was more frequent in primary ITP than in MDS/CMML-associated ITP patients. Response rates to second-line therapies were not statistically different between primary ITP and MDS/CMMLassociated ITP patients. Ten percent (n=4) of patients with MDS/CMML-associated ITP had multirefractory ITP versus none in primary ITP controls. After a median follow-up of 60 months, there was no difference in overall survival between MDS/CMML-associated ITP and primary ITP patients. Leukemia-free-survival was significantly better in MDS/CMMLassociated ITP patients than in MDS/CMML without ITP MDS/CMML-associated ITP have a particular outcome with more severe bleeding and multirefractory profile than primary ITP, similar response profile to primary ITP therapy except for IVIg, and less progression toward acute myeloid leukemia than MDS/CMML without ITP.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 192(5): 892-899, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471937

RESUMO

Acquired factor V inhibitor (AFVI) is an extremely rare disorder that may cause severe bleeding. To identify factors associated with bleeding risk in AFVI patients, a national, multicentre, retrospective study was made including all AFVI patients followed in 21 centres in France between 1988 and 2015. All patients had an isolated factor V (FV) deficiency <50% associated with inhibitor activity. Patients with constitutional FV deficiency and other causes of acquired coagulation FV deficiencies were excluded. The primary outcome was incident bleeding and factors associated with the primary outcome were identified. Thirty-eight (74 [36-100] years, 42·1% females) patients with AFVI were analysed. Bleeding was reported in 18 (47·4%) patients at diagnosis and in three (7·9%) during follow-up (7 [0·2-48.7] months). At diagnosis, FV was <10% in 31 (81·6%) patients. Bleeding at diagnosis was associated with a prolonged prothrombin time that strongly correlated with the AFVI level measured in plasma {r = 0·63, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0·36-0·80], P < 0·05}. Bleeding onset during follow-up was associated with a slow AFVI clearance (P < 0·001). The corresponding receiver operating characteristics curve showed that AFVI clearance was predictive of bleeding onset with an AFVI clearance of seven months with a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI: 29-100) and a specificity of 86% (95% CI: 57-98, P = 0·02). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that AFVI clearance >7 months increased the risk of bleeding by 8 (95% CI: [0·67-97], P = 0·075). Prothrombin time at diagnosis and time for clearance of FV inhibitor during follow-up are both associated with bleeding in patients with AFVI.

4.
Eur Respir J ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a rare disease of unknown cause with wide heterogeneity in clinical features and outcomes. We aimed to explore sarcoidosis phenotypes and their clinical relevance with particular attention to extrapulmonary subgroups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The EpiSarc (Epidemiology of Sarcoidosis) study is a French retrospective multicenter study. Sarcoidosis patients were identified through national hospitalisation records using appropriate codes from 11 hospital centers between 2013 and 2016 according to a standardised protocol. Medical charts were reviewed. The phenotypes of sarcoidosis were defined using a hierarchical cluster analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1237 patients were included (562 men and 675 women). The mean age at sarcoidosis diagnosis was 43.5±13 years. Hierarchical cluster analysis identified five distinct phenotypes according to organ involvement and disease type and symptoms: 1) (n=180) erythema nodosum, joint involvement and hilar lymph nodes; 2) (n=137) eye, neurological, digestive and kidney involvement; 3) (n=630) pulmonary involvement with fibrosis and heart involvement; 4) (n=41) lupus pernio and a high percentage of severe involvement; and 5) (n=249) hepatosplenic, peripheral lymph node and bone involvement. Phenotype 1 was associated with being European and female and with nonmanual work; phenotype 2 with being European; and phenotypes 3 and 5 with being non-European. The labor worker proportion was significantly lower in phenotype 5 than in the other phenotypes. ANSWER TO THE QUESTION: This multicenter study confirms the existence of distinct phenotypes of sarcoidosis, with a nonrandom distribution of organ involvement. These phenotypes differ according to gender, geographical origin and socioprofessional categories.

5.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955629

RESUMO

Acute severe hepatitis is a rare complication of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). This condition is poorly characterized. We performed a review of the medical literature to describe clinical, biological, pathological, and treatment characteristics from AOSD patients with acute severe hepatitis. Their characteristics were compared with AOSD patients without severe hepatitis. Twenty-one cases were collected including a new case reported here. Patients with severe hepatitis were mostly young adults with a median age of 28 years (range: 20 to 55 years). Overall, patients with severe hepatitis had less arthritis, macular rash, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, or splenomegaly than patients without severe hepatitis. Cytopenia was more frequent in case of severe hepatitis. Most patients were treated with steroids, and the use of biotherapies has increased over the last decade. Despite treatment, 49% of patients required liver transplantation and 24% died. Key Points • Acute severe hepatitis in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is associated with liver transplantation and/or death in, respectively, 43% and 24% of cases. • Severe hepatitis is the inaugural manifestation of AOSD in half of cases. Diagnosis is difficult when extra-hepatic clinical manifestations are lacking. • The mechanism of hepatic necrosis in AOSD with severe hepatitis is unknown. Liver biopsy is not specific and should not delay treatment initiation.

6.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(5): 879-884, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896704

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate characteristics, treatment and outcome of vasculitis associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and chronic myelomonicytic leukemia (CMML) PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis of MDS/CMML-related vasculitis and comparison with MDS/CMML patients without dysimmune features. RESULTS: Seventy patients with vasculitis and MDS/CMML were included, with median age of 71.5 [21-90] years and male/female ratio of 2.3. Vasculitis was diagnosed prior to MDS/CMML in 31 patients (44%), and after in 20 patients. In comparison with MDS/CMML without autoimmune/inflammatory features, vasculitis with MDS/MPN showed no difference in MDS/CMML subtypes distribution nor International Prognostic Scoring System and CMML-specific prognostic (IPSS/CPSS) scores. Vasculitis subtypes included Giant cell arteritis in 24 patients (34%), Behçet's-like syndrome in 11 patients (20%) and polyarteritis nodosa in 6 patients (9%). Glucocorticoids (GCs) were used as first-line therapy for MDS/CMML vasculitis in 64/70 patients (91%) and 41 (59%) received combined immunosuppressive therapies during the follow-up. After a median follow-up of 33.2 months [1-162], 31 patients (44%) achieved sustained remission. At least one relapse occurred in 43 patients (61%). Relapse rates were higher in patients treated with conventional Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug (DMARDs) (odds ratio 4.86 [95% CI 1.38 - 17.10]), but did not differ for biologics (odds ratio 0.59 [95% CI 0.11-3.20]) and azacytidine (odds ratio 1.44 [95% CI 0.21-9.76]) than under glucocorticoids. Overall survival in MDS/CMML vasculitis was not significantly different from MDS/CMML patients without autoimmune/inflammatory features (p = 0.5), but acute leukemia progression rates were decreased (log rank <0.05). CONCLUSION: This study shows no correlation of vasculitis diagnoses with subtypes and severity of MDS/CMML, and no significant impact of vasculitis on overall survival. Whereas conventional DMARDs seem to be less effective, biologics or azacytidine therapy could be considered for even low-risk MDS/CMML vasculitis.

8.
Nature ; 588(7836): 146-150, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726800

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has resulted in a pandemic1. The C5a complement factor and its receptor C5aR1 (also known as CD88) have a key role in the initiation and maintenance of several inflammatory responses by recruiting and activating neutrophils and monocytes1. Here we provide a longitudinal analysis of immune responses, including phenotypic analyses of immune cells and assessments of the soluble factors that are present in the blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients at various stages of COVID-19 severity, including those who were paucisymptomatic or had pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome. The levels of soluble C5a were increased in proportion to the severity of COVID-19 and high expression levels of C5aR1 receptors were found in blood and pulmonary myeloid cells, which supports a role for the C5a-C5aR1 axis in the pathophysiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Anti-C5aR1 therapeutic monoclonal antibodies prevented the C5a-mediated recruitment and activation of human myeloid cells, and inhibited acute lung injury in human C5aR1 knock-in mice. These results suggest that blockade of the C5a-C5aR1 axis could be used to limit the infiltration of myeloid cells in damaged organs and prevent the excessive lung inflammation and endothelialitis that are associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with COVID-19.

9.
Presse Med ; 49(1): 104029, 2020 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615396
10.
United European Gastroenterol J ; 8(6): 637-666, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552502

RESUMO

The overall objective of these guidelines is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related digestive disease in adults and children. IgG4-related digestive disease can be diagnosed only with a comprehensive work-up that includes histology, organ morphology at imaging, serology, search for other organ involvement, and response to glucocorticoid treatment. Indications for treatment are symptomatic patients with obstructive jaundice, abdominal pain, posterior pancreatic pain, and involvement of extra-pancreatic digestive organs, including IgG4-related cholangitis. Treatment with glucocorticoids should be weight-based and initiated at a dose of 0.6-0.8 mg/kg body weight/day orally (typical starting dose 30-40 mg/day prednisone equivalent) for 1 month to induce remission and then be tapered within two additional months. Response to initial treatment should be assessed at week 2-4 with clinical, biochemical and morphological markers. Maintenance treatment with glucocorticoids should be considered in multi-organ disease or history of relapse. If there is no change in disease activity and burden within 3 months, the diagnosis should be reconsidered. If the disease relapsed during the 3 months of treatment, immunosuppressive drugs should be added.

12.
Presse Med ; 49(1): 104013, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234383

RESUMO

IgG4-related disease is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by clinical, biological and pathological unifying findings. Because these criteria are not always all together available in patients and because biological and pathological markers are not totally specific, the diagnosis should be retained after exclusion of mimickers. Since the individualization of IgG4-RD, several studies have allowed to better characterize immunological abnormalities associated with this particular condition. B and T cell oligoclonal activation is associated with T helper 2 cytokine production leading to IgG4 production and profibrotic cytokine release. A central role for T follicular helper 2 cells is suggested from recent findings. We summarize here recent advances in understanding of immune abnormalities in IgG4-related disease.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/imunologia , Pancreatite/imunologia , Sialadenite/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Autoanticorpos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/genética , Pancreatite/genética , Sialadenite/genética , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
14.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(2): 102446, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838164

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) can be associated with giant cell arteritis (GCA). In this nationwide study by the "French Network of dysimmune disorders associated with hemopathies" (MINHEMON) the objective was to evaluate characteristics, treatment and outcome of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients that presented a MDS or MDS/MPN associated with GCA. Treatment efficiency, relapse-free and overall survival of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN were compared to GCA alone. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients with GCA MDS-MDS/MPN were included with median age 76 [42-92], M/F ratio 2.5, 8 MDS with multilineage dysplasia (38%), 4 chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (19%), at low or intermediate risk according to IPPS and IPSS-R. The prevalence of headaches, jaw claudication and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy was significantly lower in patients with GCA MDS-MDS/MPN compared to idiopathic GCA (14.3%, 0% and 0% versus 30%, 25%, and 25%, respectively; p < .05). Other clinical and histology findings were similar. All GCA patients received steroid therapy as first-line treatment. Complete or partial response was observed in 14 GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (66.7%), of whom 6 (28.6%) received combined immunosuppressive therapies (versus 10% of idiopathic GCA; p = .07). Relapse incidence was similar in the two groups. Steroid dependence was more frequent among GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (12 (57%) versus 18 (22.5%); p < .05). Relapse-free and steroid-free survivals were significantly decreased in GCA MDS-MDS/MPN patients (log rank 0.002 and 0.049 respectively), but not overall survival. CONCLUSION: Characteristics of GCA MDS-MDS/MPN seem different than idiopathic GCA, with a distinct clinical phenotype and poorer outcome with a higher risk of steroid dependence and relapse.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Doenças Mieloproliferativas-Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Doenças Mieloproliferativas-Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Mieloproliferativas-Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(1): 7-19, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) can cause fibroinflammatory lesions in nearly any organ. Correlation among clinical, serologic, radiologic, and pathologic data is required for diagnosis. This work was undertaken to develop and validate an international set of classification criteria for IgG4-RD. METHODS: An international multispecialty group of 86 physicians was assembled by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). Investigators used consensus exercises, existing literature, derivation and validation cohorts of 1,879 subjects (1,086 cases, 793 mimickers), and multicriterion decision analysis to identify, weight, and test potential classification criteria. Two independent validation cohorts were included. RESULTS: A 3-step classification process was developed. First, it must be demonstrated that a potential IgG4-RD case has involvement of at least 1 of 11 possible organs in a manner consistent with IgG4-RD. Second, exclusion criteria consisting of a total of 32 clinical, serologic, radiologic, and pathologic items must be applied; the presence of any of these criteria eliminates the patient from IgG4-RD classification. Third, 8 weighted inclusion criteria domains, addressing clinical findings, serologic results, radiology assessments, and pathology interpretations, are applied. In the first validation cohort, a threshold of 20 points had a specificity of 99.2% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 97.2-99.8%) and a sensitivity of 85.5% (95% CI 81.9-88.5%). In the second, the specificity was 97.8% (95% CI 93.7-99.2%) and the sensitivity was 82.0% (95% CI 77.0-86.1%). The criteria were shown to have robust test characteristics over a wide range of thresholds. CONCLUSION: ACR/EULAR classification criteria for IgG4-RD have been developed and validated in a large cohort of patients. These criteria demonstrate excellent test performance and should contribute substantially to future clinical, epidemiologic, and basic science investigations.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Consenso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/classificação , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/imunologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reumatologia , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 8(4): 1329-1340.e3, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The absence of asthma may rule out a diagnosis of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis in patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and features of vasculitis. OBJECTIVE: To describe eosinophilic vasculitis (EoV) as a possible manifestation of HES in asthma-free patients. METHODS: We screened our hospital database and the literature for patients with HES who met the following 4 criteria: (1) histopathological or clinical features of EoV (biopsy-proven vasculitis with predominant eosinophilic infiltration of the vessel wall and/or features of vasculitis with tissue and/or blood hypereosinophilia [absolute eosinophil count >1.5 G/L]); (2) no other obvious causes of reactive eosinophilia, organ damage, and vasculitis; (3) the absence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies; and (4) the absence of current asthma. RESULTS: Ten of our 83 (12%) asthma-free patients with HES and 107 additional cases in the literature met the criteria for EoV. After a critical analysis of the patients' clinical and laboratory characteristics and outcomes, we identified 41 cases of single-organ EoV (coronary arteritis, n = 29; temporal arteritis, n = 8; cerebral vasculitis, n = 4). Of the remaining 76 patients with EoV, the most frequent manifestations (>10%) were cutaneous vasculitis (56%), peripheral neuropathy (24%), thromboangiitis obliterans-like disease (16%), fever (13%), central nervous system involvement (13%), deep venous thrombosis (12%), and nonasthma lung manifestations (12%). Blood hypereosinophilia more than 1.5 G/L was observed in 79% of patients, and necrotizing vasculitis was observed in 44%. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that idiopathic EoV (HES-associated vasculitis) can be classified as an eosinophilic-rich, necrotizing, systemic form of vasculitis that affects vessels of various sizes in asthma-free patients.

18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(1): 77-87, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796497

RESUMO

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) can cause fibroinflammatory lesions in nearly any organ. Correlation among clinical, serological, radiological and pathological data is required for diagnosis. This work was undertaken to develop and validate an international set of classification criteria for IgG4-RD. An international multispecialty group of 86 physicians was assembled by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). Investigators used consensus exercises; existing literature; derivation and validation cohorts of 1879 subjects (1086 cases, 793 mimickers); and multicriterion decision analysis to identify, weight and test potential classification criteria. Two independent validation cohorts were included. A three-step classification process was developed. First, it must be demonstrated that a potential IgG4-RD case has involvement of at least one of 11 possible organs in a manner consistent with IgG4-RD. Second, exclusion criteria consisting of a total of 32 clinical, serological, radiological and pathological items must be applied; the presence of any of these criteria eliminates the patient from IgG4-RD classification. Third, eight weighted inclusion criteria domains, addressing clinical findings, serological results, radiological assessments and pathological interpretations, are applied. In the first validation cohort, a threshold of 20 points had a specificity of 99.2% (95% CI 97.2% to 99.8%) and a sensitivity of 85.5% (95% CI 81.9% to 88.5%). In the second, the specificity was 97.8% (95% CI 93.7% to 99.2%) and the sensitivity was 82.0% (95% CI 77.0% to 86.1%). The criteria were shown to have robust test characteristics over a wide range of thresholds. ACR/EULAR classification criteria for IgG4-RD have been developed and validated in a large cohort of patients. These criteria demonstrate excellent test performance and should contribute substantially to future clinical, epidemiological and basic science investigations.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Hemoglobin ; 43(4-5): 296-299, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724442

RESUMO

Patients with sickle cell disease have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and with a mortality 2-fold higher. The anticoagulation of VTE in a young population is an important question. Indeed, hemorrhagic complications of anticoagulation may occur more frequently than in the general population. The use of a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) is not recommended for VTE in patients with sickle cell disease because those patients were not included in the clinical studies. We aimed to study the safety of using DOACs in a prospective cohort of patients with sickle cell disease and VTE. We prospectively followed the cohort of all sickle cell disease patients undergoing recent DOAC treatment for VTE at a sickle cell disease reference center. Twelve patients received rivaroxaban for VTE (eight women and four men). The median age was 27 years (20-45). The sickle cell disease variants included homozygous Hb SS (HBB: c.20A>T) in eight patients, Hb S-ß+-thalassemia (Hb S-ß+-thal) in two, Hb S-ß0-thal in one and Hb S-Hb C (HBB: c.19G>A) in one. The cumulative duration of follow-up was 3134 days under rivaroxaban treatment. There were two thrombotic events, including a patient with a double positivity of antiphospholipid antibodies. No major bleeding was observed, and 6/12 patients presented minor bleeding (epistaxis: n = 4; anal fissure bleeding: n = 1; menorrhagia n = 4). Of these, 3/6 required their treatment to be switched to apixaban, which stopped the bleeding. Direct oral anticoagulants may be an alternative treatment for VTE in patients with sickle cell disease, except for an associated antiphospholipid syndrome.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
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