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1.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604940

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the characteristics of patients with mild aneurysmal and non-aneurysmal perimesencephalic and non-perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH, pmSAH, npmSAH) with emphasis on admission biomarkers, clinical course, and outcome. A prospective cohort of 115 patients with aSAH (Hunt and Hess 1-3) and of 35 patients without aneurysms (16 pmSAH and 19 npmSAH) admitted between January 2014 and January 2020 was included. Demographic data, blood samples on admission, complications (hydrocephalus, shunt dependency, delayed cerebral ischemia DCI, DCI-related infarction, and mortality), and outcome after 6 months were analyzed. Demographic data was comparable between all groups except for age (aSAH 55 [48-65] vs. npmSAH 60 [56-68] vs. pmSAH 52 [42-60], p = 0.032) and loss of consciousness (33% vs. 0% vs. 0%, p = 0.0004). Admission biomarkers showed poorer renal function and highest glucose levels for npmSAH patients. Complication rate in npmSAH was high and comparable to that of aSAH patients (hydrocephalus, shunt dependency, DCI, DCI-related infarction, mortality), but nearly absent in patients with pmSAH. Favorable outcome after 6 months was seen in 92.9% of pmSAH, 83.3% of npmSAH, and 62.7% of aSAH (p = 0.0264). In this prospective cohort of SAH patients, npmSAH was associated with a complicated clinical course, comparable to that of patients with aSAH. In contrast, such complications were nearly absent in pmSAH patients, suggesting fundamental differences in the pathophysiology of patients with different types of non-aneurysmal hemorrhage. Our findings underline the importance for a precise terminology according the hemorrhage etiology as a basis for more vigilant management of npmSAH patients. NCT02142166, 05/20/2014, retrospectively registered.

2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A small aortic annulus is associated with increased risk of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Whether specific transcatheter heart valve (THV) designs yield superior hemodynamic performance in these small anatomies remains unclear. METHODS: Data from 8411 consecutive patients treated with TAVI from May 2012 to April 2019 at four German centers were retrospectively evaluated. A small aortic annulus was defined as multidetector computed tomography-derived annulus area < 400 mm2. TAVI was performed with a balloon-expanding intra-annular (Sapien-3, n = 288), self-expanding intra-annular (Portico, n = 110), self-expanding supra-annular (Evolut, n = 179 and Acurate-Neo, n = 428) and mechanically expanding infra-annular (Lotus, n = 64) THV according to local practice. PPM was defined as indexed effective orifice area ≤ 0.85cm2/m2. RESULTS: A small annulus was found in 1069 (12.7%) patients. PPM was detected in 38.3% overall with a higher prevalence after implantation of a balloon-expanding intra-annular or mechanically expanding infra-annular THV compared to self-expanding intra- and supra-annular THV. Multivariable analysis linked self-expanding THV (Evolut: Odds ratio [OR] 0.341, Acurate-Neo: OR 0.436, Portico: OR 0.291), postdilatation (OR 0.648) and age (OR 0.968) to lower rates of PPM, while aortic valve calcification was associated with an increased risk (OR 1.001). Paravalvular regurgitation > mild was more frequent after TAVI with self-expanding THV (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: In this large contemporary multicenter patient population, a substantial number of patients with a small aortic anatomy were left with PPM after TAVI. Self-expanding supra- and intra-annular THV demonstrated superior hemodynamics in these patients at risk, however at the cost of higher rates of residual paravalvular regurgitation.

3.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(8): 95, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196796

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) has been developed to address the need for an alternative therapeutic option to surgery in patients suffering from severe mitral regurgitation who are at high surgical risk. The present review illustrated the state-of-the-art of catheter-based mitral valve replacement evaluating technical characteristics and early clinical experience of different devices to outline prospects and challenges of TMVR. RECENT FINDINGS: Several devices are currently under clinical assessment. Early experience has demonstrated high procedural success of TMVR. However, TMVR faces several possible hurdles such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) after prosthesis deployment, access site complications, and thrombotic risk requiring anticoagulatory therapy. Future studies should assess long-term prosthesis stability, optimal anticoagulation regime, and occurrence of paravalvular leakage. The development of smaller TMVR prostheses suitable for transseptal implantation could overcome bleeding complications. In perspective, TMVR may emerge to a clinically relevant therapeutic approach for patients with severe MR at high surgical risk.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Cateteres , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3346, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099720

RESUMO

Characterizing the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) bound ligandome by mass spectrometry (MS) holds great promise for developing vaccines and drugs for immune-oncology. Still, the identification of non-tryptic peptides presents substantial computational challenges. To address these, we synthesized and analyzed >300,000 peptides by multi-modal LC-MS/MS within the ProteomeTools project representing HLA class I & II ligands and products of the proteases AspN and LysN. The resulting data enabled training of a single model using the deep learning framework Prosit, allowing the accurate prediction of fragment ion spectra for tryptic and non-tryptic peptides. Applying Prosit demonstrates that the identification of HLA peptides can be improved up to 7-fold, that 87% of the proposed proteasomally spliced HLA peptides may be incorrect and that dozens of additional immunogenic neo-epitopes can be identified from patient tumors in published data. Together, the provided peptides, spectra and computational tools substantially expand the analytical depth of immunopeptidomics workflows.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Peptídeos/imunologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Linhagem Celular , Epitopos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Molecular , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteômica
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain (CNP) is a common health problem in western industrialized nations. In recent years, the fascial tissue has attracted the attention of therapists, and a treatment of the fasciae promises to be a meaningful approach in the therapy of patients with CNP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a fascial treatment (FT) compared to manual therapy (MT) and to no intervention (control group, CG) in patients with CNP. METHODS: Sixty participants with CNP were randomized into three groups. Primary outcome parameters were pain intensity as measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS), and severity of illness as measured by the Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD). Secondary outcome parameter was the range of motion (ROM) of the cervical spine. RESULTS: Repeated measures t-tests demonstrated significant decreases with medium to large effect sizes for the FT (VAS: dR⁢M= 1.14; NPAD: dR⁢M= 0.51) and for the MT (VAS: dR⁢M= 1.15; NPAD: dR⁢M= 0.72). CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed the effectiveness of MT on pain and severity of illness in the treatment of patients suffering from CNP. Furthermore, the results demonstrated the effectiveness and clinical relevance of FT for this population.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 151: e961-e971, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The urea-creatinine ratio (UCR) has been proposed as potential biomarker for critical illness-associated catabolism. Its role in the context of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) remains to be elucidated, which was the aim of the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 66 patients with aSAH with normal renal function and 36 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery as a control group for the effects of surgery. In patients with aSAH, the predictive or diagnostic value of early (day 0-2) and critical (day 5-7) UCRs was assessed with regard to delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), DCI-related infarction, and clinical outcome after 12 months. RESULTS: Preoperatively, UCR was similar both groups. Within 2 days postoperatively, UCRs increased significantly in patients in the elective cardiac surgery group (P < 0.001) but decreased back to baseline on day 5-7 (P = 0.245), whereas UCRs in patients with aSAH increased to significantly greater levels on day 5-7 (P = 0.028). Greater early or critical UCRs were associated with poor clinical outcomes (P = 0.015) or DCI (P = 0.011), DCI-related infarction (P = 0.006), and poor clinical outcomes (P < 0.001) respectively. In multivariate analysis, there was an independent association between greater early UCRs and poor clinical outcomes (P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: In this exploratory study of UCR in the context of aSAH, greater early values were predictive for a poor clinical outcome after 12 months, whereas greater critical values were associated with DCI, DCI-related infarctions, and poor clinical outcomes. The clinical implications as well as the pathophysiologic relevance of protein catabolism should be explored further in the context of aSAH.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/sangue , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Ureia/sangue , Infarto Encefálico/sangue , Infarto Encefálico/epidemiologia , Infarto Encefálico/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
J Proteome Res ; 20(6): 3388-3394, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970638

RESUMO

Here, we present the Universal Spectrum Explorer (USE), a web-based tool based on IPSA for cross-resource (peptide) spectrum visualization and comparison (https://www.proteomicsdb.org/use/). Mass spectra under investigation can be either provided manually by the user (table format) or automatically retrieved from online repositories supporting access to spectral data via the universal spectrum identifier (USI), or requested from other resources and services implementing a newly designed REST interface. As a proof of principle, we implemented such an interface in ProteomicsDB thereby allowing the retrieval of spectra acquired within the ProteomeTools project or real-time prediction of tandem mass spectra from the deep learning framework Prosit. Annotated mirror spectrum plots can be exported from the USE as editable scalable high-quality vector graphics. The USE was designed and implemented with minimal external dependencies allowing local usage and integration into other web sites (https://github.com/kusterlab/universal_spectrum_explorer).


Assuntos
Software , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Internet , Peptídeos
8.
Cells ; 10(4)2021 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921430

RESUMO

Ca2+ ions function as second messengers regulating many intracellular events, including neurotransmitter release, exocytosis, muscle contraction, metabolism and gene transcription. Cells of a multicellular organism express a variety of cell-surface receptors and channels that trigger an increase of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration upon stimulation. The elevated Ca2+ concentration is not uniformly distributed within the cytoplasm but is organized in subcellular microdomains with high and low concentrations of Ca2+ at different locations in the cell. Ca2+ ions are stored and released by intracellular organelles that change the concentration and distribution of Ca2+ ions. A major function of the rise in intracellular Ca2+ is the change of the genetic expression pattern of the cell via the activation of Ca2+-responsive transcription factors. It has been proposed that Ca2+-responsive transcription factors are differently affected by a rise in cytoplasmic versus nuclear Ca2+. Moreover, it has been suggested that the mode of entry determines whether an influx of Ca2+ leads to the stimulation of gene transcription. A rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ induces an intracellular signaling cascade, involving the activation of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin and various protein kinases (protein kinase C, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases). In this review article, we discuss the concept of gene regulation via elevated Ca2+ concentration in the cytoplasm and the nucleus, the role of Ca2+ entry and the role of enzymes as signal transducers. We give particular emphasis to the regulation of gene transcription by calcineurin, linking protein dephosphorylation with Ca2+ signaling and gene expression.

9.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 109, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophils are the most prevalent immune cells in the synovial fluid in inflamed joints of children with oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Despite this, little is known about neutrophil function at the site of inflammation in JIA and how local neutrophils contribute to disease pathogenesis. This study aimed to characterize the phenotype and function of synovial fluid neutrophils in oligoarticular JIA. METHODS: Neutrophils obtained from paired blood and synovial fluid from patients with active oligoarticular JIA were investigated phenotypically (n = 17) and functionally (phagocytosis and oxidative burst, n = 13) by flow cytometry. In a subset of patients (n = 6), blood samples were also obtained during inactive disease at a follow-up visit. The presence of CD206-expressing neutrophils was investigated in synovial biopsies from four patients by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Neutrophils in synovial fluid had an activated phenotype, characterized by increased CD66b and CD11b levels, and most neutrophils had a CD16hi CD62Llowaged phenotype. A large proportion of the synovial fluid neutrophils expressed CD206, a mannose receptor not commonly expressed by neutrophils but by monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. CD206-expressing neutrophils were also found in synovial tissue biopsies. The synovial fluid neutrophil phenotype was not dependent on transmigration alone. Functionally, synovial fluid neutrophils had reduced phagocytic capacity and a trend towards impaired oxidative burst compared to blood neutrophils. In addition, the effector functions of the synovial fluid neutrophils correlated negatively with the proportion of CD206+ neutrophils. CONCLUSIONS: Neutrophils in the inflamed joint in oligoarticular JIA were altered, both regarding phenotype and function. Neutrophils in the synovial fluid were activated, had an aged phenotype, had gained monocyte-like features, and had impaired phagocytic capacity. The impairment in phagocytosis and oxidative burst was associated with the phenotype shift. We speculate that these neutrophil alterations might play a role in the sustained joint inflammation seen in JIA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Líquido Sinovial , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Fenótipo , Membrana Sinovial
10.
Notf Rett Med ; : 1-6, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903799

RESUMO

Background: As a response to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, extensive contact restrictions were imposed by law in Germany as in other European countries. The present study intends to clarify the effect of these restrictions on emergency medical service (EMS) operations. Materials and methods: Retrospective chart review of EMS operation protocols over the first 6 months of 2020 (n = 6668 rescue missions) in four rescue stations in eastern Lower Saxony (Germany). Description and statistical comparison of operations 6 weeks before the restrictions with an equally long period after the order of the restrictions ("lockdown"). Results: During the 6 weeks after the lockdown the frequency of rescue operations decreased by 17.7%. In particular, there was a 40.6% (n = 91) decrease of emergency cases with respiratory diseases, mainly due to a decline of pneumonia and exacerbated chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). At the same time, patients' mean age increased with fewer patients under 65 years. There were no changes in the frequency of psychiatric disorders, deceased or injured patients, or refusal of treatment and transport. A total of 67 patients with suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV­2 infection (1.0%) were observed during this period. Discussion: EMS experienced a reduction of operations as a result of contact restrictions, although not as pronounced as was recently described for emergency rooms. This supports the hypothesis that the reduction is particularly evident in less severe cases and in younger patients. The reduction in pneumonia and COPD cases is striking. On the one hand, this could indicate that contact restrictions reduce the incidence of other respiratory infections and their impact on chronic respiratory disorders, but it could also mean that patients try to avoid hospital treatment.

12.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 69(5): 420-427, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have emerged as increasingly used alternatives to conventional aortic valve replacement to treat patients at higher surgical risk. Therefore, in this single-center study, we retrospectively compared clinical outcomes and hemodynamic performance of two self-expanding biological prostheses, the sutureless and rapid deployment valve (RDV) Perceval-S (PER) and the transcatheter heart valve (THV) ACURATE neo/TF (NEO) in a 1:1 propensity-score-matching (PSM) patient cohort. METHODS: A total of 332 consecutive patients with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis underwent either singular RDAVR with PER (119) or TAVI with NEO (213) at our institutions between 2012 and 2017. To compare the unequal patient groups, a 1:1 PSM for preoperative data and comorbidities was conducted. Afterward, 59 patient pairs were compared with regard to relevant hemodynamic parameter, relevant paravalvular leak (PVL), permanent postoperative pacemaker (PPM) implantation rate, and clinical postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: Postoperative clinical short-term outcomes presented with slightly higher rates for 30-day all-cause mortality (PER = 5.1% vs. NEO = 1.7%, p = 0.619) and major adverse cardiocerebral event in PER due to cerebrovascular events (transient ischemic attack [TIA]-PER = 3.4% vs. TIA-NEO = 1.7%, p = 0.496 and Stroke-PER = 1.7% vs. Stroke-NEO = 0.0%, p = 1). Moreover, we show comparable PPM rates (PER = 10.2% vs. NEO = 8.5%, p = 0.752). However, higher numbers of PVL (mild-PER = 0.0% vs. NEO = 55.9%, p = 0.001; moderate or higher-PER = 0.0% vs. NEO = 6.8%, p = 0.119) after TAVI with NEO were observed. CONCLUSION: Both self-expanding bioprostheses, the RDV-PER and THV-NEO provide a feasible option in elderly and patients with elevated perioperative risk. However, the discussed PER collective showed more postoperative short-term complications with regard to 30-day all-cause mortality and cerebrovascular events, whereas the NEO showed higher rates of PVL.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(6): e019512, 2021 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682426

RESUMO

Background During the past decade, the use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was extended beyond treatment-naïve patients and implemented for treatment of degenerated surgical bioprosthetic valves. Selection criteria for either valve-in-valve (viv) TAVR or redo surgical aortic valve replacement are not well established, and decision making on the operative approach still remains challenging for the interdisciplinary heart team. Methods and Results This review was intended to analyze all studies on viv-TAVR focusing on short- and mid-term stroke and mortality rates compared with redo surgical aortic valve replacement or native TAVR procedures. A structured literature search and review process led to 1667 potentially relevant studies on July 1, 2020. Finally, 23 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria for qualitative analysis. All references were case series either with or without propensity score matching and registry analyses. Quantitative synthesis of data from 8509 patients revealed that viv-TAVR is associated with mean 30-day stroke and mortality rates of 2.2% and 4.2%, respectively. Pooled data analysis showed no significant differences in 30-day stroke rate, 30-day mortality, and 1-year mortality between viv-TAVR and comparator treatment (native TAVR [n=11 804 patients] or redo surgical aortic valve replacement [n=498 patients]). Conclusions This review is the first one comparing the risk for stroke and mortality rates in viv-TAVR procedures with native TAVR approach and contributes substantial data for the clinical routine. Moreover, this systematic review is the most comprehensive analysis on ischemic cerebrovascular events and early mortality in patients undergoing viv-TAVR. In this era with increasing numbers of bioprosthetic valves used in younger patients, viv-TAVR is a suitable option for the treatment of degenerated bioprostheses.

14.
Neuroimage Clin ; 30: 102624, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773163

RESUMO

This study investigated supra- and infratentorial structural gray and white matter (GM, WM) alterations in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) as an indicator of secondary harm due to chronic cervical cord compression and micro trauma. With MRI-based anatomical assessment and subsequent voxel-based morphometry analyses, pre- and postoperative volume alterations in the primary motor cortex (MI), the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), the supplementary motor area (SMA), and the cerebellum were analyzed in 43 DCM patients and 20 controls. We assessed disease-related symptom severity by the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association scale (mJOA). The study also explored symptom severity-based brain volume alterations as well as their association with clinical status. Patients had lower mJOA scores (p = .000) and lower GM volume than controls in SI (p = .016) and cerebellar regions (p = .001). Symptom severity-based subgroup analyses revealed volume reductions in almost all investigated GM ROIs (MI: p = .001; CB: p = .040; SMA: p = .007) in patients with severe clinical symptoms as well as atrophy already present in patients with moderate symptom severity. Clinical symptoms in DCM were associated with cortical and cerebellar volume reduction. GM volume alterations may serve as an indicator of both disease severity and ongoing disease progression in DCM, and should be considered in further patient care and treatment monitoring.


Assuntos
Compressão da Medula Espinal , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Substância Branca , Cerebelo , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and heart failure with severely reduced ejection fraction, prediction of postprocedural left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improvement is challenging. Decision-making and timing for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) treatment are difficult and benefit is still unclear in this patient population. OBJECTIVE: Aims of the study were to analyse long-term overall mortality in TAVI-patients with a preprocedural LVEF ≤ 35% regarding LVEF improvement and effect of ICD therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective analysis of a high-risk TAVI-population suffering from severe AS and heart failure with a LVEF ≤ 35%. Out of 1485 TAVI-patients treated at this center between January 2013 and April 2018, 120 patients revealed a preprocedural LVEF ≤ 35% and had sufficient follow-up. 36.7% (44/120) of the patients suffered from persistent reduced LVEF without a postprocedural increase above 35% within 1 year after TAVI or before death, respectively. Overall mortality was neither significantly reduced by LVEF recovery above 35% (p = 0.31) nor by additional ICD treatment in patients with persistent LVEF ≤ 35% (p = 0.33). CONCLUSION: In high-risk TAVI-patients suffering from heart failure with LVEF ≤ 35%, LVEF improvement to more than 35% did not reduce overall mortality. Patients with postprocedural persistent LVEF reduction did not seem to benefit from ICD treatment. Effects of LVEF improvement and ICD treatment on mortality are masked by the competing risk of death from relevant comorbidities.

17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(5): 699-710, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent studies, a 5-stage cardiac damage classification in severe aortic stenosis (AS) based on echocardiographic parameters has shown to provide predictive value regarding clinical outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of a cardiac damage classification based on invasive hemodynamics in patients with AS undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: A total of 1400 patients with symptomatic AS and full invasive hemodynamic assessment before TAVR were included. Patients were categorized according to their cardiac damage stage into five groups that are defined as: stage 0, no cardiac damage; stage 1, left ventricular damage; stage 2, left atrial and/or mitral valve damage; stage 3, pulmonary vasculature and/or tricuspid valve damage; stage 4, right ventricular damage. RESULTS: 9.9% patients were classified as stage 0, 23.6% as stage 1, the majority of patients as stage 2 (33.5%), 23.1% as stage 3 and 10% as stage 4. One- and 4-year mortality were 10.1%/29.5% in stage 0, 16.1%/60.6% in stage 1, 17.3%/39.4% in stage 2, 22%/54.6% in stage 3, 27.1%/62.2% in stage 4 (p = 0.001/p < 0.001). The extent of cardiac damage was independently associated with increased mortality after TAVR (HR 1.16 per each increment in stage, 95% confidence interval 1.03-1.18; p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac damage staging in severe AS patients based on invasive hemodynamics appears to show strong association between the extent of cardiac damage and post-TAVR mortality. This staging classification provides predictive value and may improve risk stratification, therapy management and decision-making in patients with AS. Invasive Staging Classification of Cardiac Damage in Severe Symptomatic Aortic Stenosis has an Impact on Outcome after TAVR. (Top) Invasive staging criteria for cardiac damage in five stages using left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) for stage 1 (red), post-capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) for stage 2 (green), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) for stage 3 (purple) and right atrial pressure (RAP) for stage 4 (yellow). The cake chart shows the distribution of the different stage in the whole cohort. (Bottom) Survival Analyses According to Stage of Cardiac Damage after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement using Invasive Criteria. Kaplan-Meier plots comparing overall (left) and cardiovascular (right) 4-year survival showing with the more advancing stage a higher mortality rate.

18.
World Neurosurg ; 149: e378-e385, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative computed tomography (iCT) navigated dorsal instrumentation has been successfully introduced as a new clinical standard. The proximity of vital anatomic structures makes cervical spine instrumentation an especially delicate task. Therefore, navigated approaches might prove to be beneficial. In this study, the accuracy of conventional instrumentation was compared with iCT navigated dorsal cervical spine instrumentation with focus on cervical pedicle screws (CPSs) versus lateral mass screws (LMSs) and pathologies. METHODS: We analyzed a prospective consecutive series of patients undergoing cervical dorsal instrumentation with iCT and spinal navigation and retrospectively analyzed a cohort that received conventional cervical instrumentation with C-arm fluoroscopy (control group). Accuracy was assessed with a modified Gertzbein-Robbins classification. Underlying pathologies were taken into account regarding accuracy in different entities. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients were treated using iCT (357 screws: 238 CPSs, 119 LMSs), and 98 patients underwent conventional instrumentation (632 screws: 69 CPSs, 563 LMSs). We achieved an initial accuracy of 93.28% (n = 220 screws) in the iCT group and 80.9% (n = 511 screws) in the control group (P < 0.001). Significant differences were found regarding the accuracy of CPS placement in cases of degenerative disorders (iCT vs. control; 94% vs. 63%; P < 0.001) and trauma (iCT vs. control; 88% vs. 72%; P < 0.05). iCT yielded favorable precision rates in regard to LMS placement (iCT vs. control; 94.2% vs. 82%; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Accuracy of iCT navigated instrumentation was significantly higher than conventional instrumentation. An overall tendency toward the use of CPSs with iCT navigation is evident, increasing the mechanical properties of the construct. iCT appears to be especially beneficial in elective surgery cases of degenerative spinal disorders.


Assuntos
Neuronavegação/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação
19.
J Leukoc Biol ; 109(1): 115-120, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794348

RESUMO

The disease COVID-19 has developed into a worldwide pandemic. Hyperinflammation and high levels of several cytokines, for example, IL-6, are observed in severe COVID-19 cases. However, little is known about the cellular origin of these cytokines. Here, we investigated whether circulating leukocytes from patients with COVID-19 had spontaneous cytokine production. Patients with hyperinflammatory COVID-19 (n = 6) and sepsis (n = 3) were included at Skåne University Hospital, Sweden. Healthy controls were also recruited (n = 5). Cytokines were measured in COVID-19 and sepsis patients using an Immulite immunoassay system. PBMCs were cultured with brefeldin A to allow cytokine accumulation. In parallel, LPS was used as an activator. Cells were analyzed for cytokines and surface markers by flow cytometry. High levels of IL-6 and measurable levels of IL-8 and TNF, but not IL-1ß, were observed in COVID-19 patients. Monocytes from COVID-19 patients had spontaneous production of IL-1ß and IL-8 (P = 0.0043), but not of TNF and IL-6, compared to controls. No spontaneous cytokine production was seen in lymphocytes from either patients or controls. Activation with LPS resulted in massive cytokine production by monocytes from COVID-19 patients and healthy controls, but not from sepsis patients. Finally, monocytes from COVID-19 patients produced more IL-1ß than from healthy controls (P = 0.0087) when activated. In conclusion, monocytes contribute partly to the ongoing hyperinflammation by production of IL-1ß and IL-8. Additionally, they are responsive to further activation. This data supports the notion of IL-1ß blockade in treatment of COVID-19. However, the source of the high levels of IL-6 remains to be determined.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/patologia
20.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 108(3): 288-301, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191482

RESUMO

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inborn error of metabolism due to a decreased activity of tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). As the onset and severity of HPP are heterogenous, it can be challenging to determine the pathogenicity of detected rare ALPL variants in symptomatic patients. We aimed to characterize patients with rare ALPL variants to propose which patients can be diagnosed with adult HPP. We included 72 patients with (1) clinical symptoms of adult HPP or positive family history and (2) low TNSALP activity and/or high pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) levels, who underwent ALPL gene sequencing. The patients were analyzed and divided into three groups depending on ALPL variant pathogenicity according to the classification of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). Reported pathogenic (n = 34 patients), rare (n = 17) and common (n = 21) ALPL variants only were found. Muscular complaints were the most frequent symptoms (> 80%), followed by bone affection (> 50%). Tooth involvement was significantly more common in patients with pathogenic or rare ALPL variants. Seven rare variants could be classified as likely pathogenic (ACMG class 4) of which five have not yet been described. Inconclusive genetic findings and less specific symptoms make diagnosis difficult in cases where adult HPP is not obvious. As not every pathogenic or rare ALPL variant leads to a manifestation of HPP, only patients with bone complications and at least one additional complication concerning teeth, muscle, central nervous and mental system, repeated low TNSALP activity and high PLP levels should be diagnosed as adult HPP if rare ALPL gene variants of ACMG class 4 or higher support the diagnosis.

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