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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, is effective at relieving adult cancer pain, although there have been very few reports to date regarding its use in children and in adolescents and young adults (AYA). This study assessed the efficacy, safety and opioid-sparing effects of low doses of ketamine added to opioid analgesics to alleviate persistent cancer pain. METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, observational trial collected data regarding demographics, pain characteristics, pain score assessment within the first 48 hours of ketamine administration, tolerance and satisfaction from 38 patients aged 2-24 years prescribed with ketamine as an adjuvant antalgic for refractory cancer pain in 10 French paediatric oncology centres. RESULTS: The mean visual analogue scale pain score decreased from 6.7 to 4.3 out of 10 (n=39, p<0.001) from day 1 to day 3 and by at least 2 points in 56% of the patients (n=22) 48 hours after initiation of ketamine. Nine patients experienced poor tolerance (≥2 side effects), all with infusion rates lower than 0.05 mg/kg/hour. None had limiting toxicities. An opioid-sparing effect was highlighted in four patients. Fifty-four per cent of the prescribers and 47% of the patients found the addition of ketamine 'very helpful'. CONCLUSIONS: Low doses of ketamine as an adjuvant to opioids significantly reduced the intensity of pain in half of the study population. A tendency towards better pain control is shown, although a lack of statistical power somewhat limits our conclusions, especially in children. Nevertheless, ketamine may be a useful option for improving the treatment of refractory pain in children and AYA with cancer.

2.
Blood ; 131(7): 717-732, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146883

RESUMO

Bone marrow (BM) failure (BMF) in children and young adults is often suspected to be inherited, but in many cases diagnosis remains uncertain. We studied a cohort of 179 patients (from 173 families) with BMF of suspected inherited origin but unresolved diagnosis after medical evaluation and Fanconi anemia exclusion. All patients had cytopenias, and 12.0% presented ≥5% BM blast cells. Median age at genetic evaluation was 11 years; 20.7% of patients were aged ≤2 years and 36.9% were ≥18 years. We analyzed genomic DNA from skin fibroblasts using whole-exome sequencing, and were able to assign a causal or likely causal germ line mutation in 86 patients (48.0%), involving a total of 28 genes. These included genes in familial hematopoietic disorders (GATA2, RUNX1), telomeropathies (TERC, TERT, RTEL1), ribosome disorders (SBDS, DNAJC21, RPL5), and DNA repair deficiency (LIG4). Many patients had an atypical presentation, and the mutated gene was often not clinically suspected. We also found mutations in genes seldom reported in inherited BMF (IBMF), such as SAMD9 and SAMD9L (N = 16 of the 86 patients, 18.6%), MECOM/EVI1 (N = 6, 7.0%), and ERCC6L2 (N = 7, 8.1%), each of which was associated with a distinct natural history; SAMD9 and SAMD9L patients often experienced transient aplasia and monosomy 7, whereas MECOM patients presented early-onset severe aplastic anemia, and ERCC6L2 patients, mild pancytopenia with myelodysplasia. This study broadens the molecular and clinical portrait of IBMF syndromes and sheds light on newly recognized disease entities. Using a high-throughput sequencing screen to implement precision medicine at diagnosis can improve patient management and family counseling.

3.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 40(1): 43-47, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29189507

RESUMO

Central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not considered as an independent prognostic factor. This study describes the prognostic value of pediatric AML with CNS involvement at diagnosis. Pediatric patients were treated for de novo AML in the French multicenter trial ELAM02. Lumbar puncture was carried out in the first week, and the treatment was adapted to the CNS status. No patient received CNS radiotherapy. The patients were classified into 2 groups: CNS+ and CNS-. Of the 438 patients, 16% (n=70) had CNS involvement at diagnosis, and 29% showed clinical signs. The patients with CNS disease were younger (40% were below 2 y old), had a higher white blood cell count (median of 45 vs. 13 G/L), and had M4 and M5 morphologies. The complete remission rate was similar at 92.8% for CNS+ and 88.5% for CNS-. There was no significant difference between the CNS+ and the CNS- group in overall survival (76% and 71%, respectively) and event-free survival (57% and 52%, respectively). Regarding the occurrence of first relapse, the CNS+ group had a higher combined relapse rate of 26.1% compared with 10% for the CNS- group. The results indicate that CNS involvement at diagnosis of pediatric AML is not an independent prognostic factor. Triple intrathecal chemotherapy combined with high-dose intravenous cytarabine should be the first-line treatment for CNS disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , França , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Monocítica Aguda , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Aguda , Contagem de Leucócitos , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Eur J Cancer ; 88: 57-66, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In most countries, reference chemotherapy for osteosarcoma is MAP regimen (M = high-dose methotrexate, AP = doxorubicin-cisplatinum). In France, the standard preoperative chemotherapy for children/adolescents combines M and etoposide-ifosfamide (EI), based on the OS94-trial. We report the safety and efficacy results of patients ≤25 years treated with preoperative M-EI regimen enroled in the French OS2006-study, between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: Treatment comprised preoperative chemotherapy with the 7 M-courses and 2 EI-courses, then surgery and postoperative chemotherapy assigned by risk's groups: standard-risk (good histological response without metastases) received 12 M-courses, 3 EI-courses; high-risk (poor histologic response, initial metastases or unresectable primary) received 5 M-courses alternated with 5 AP-courses. 253 patients were randomised to receive (n = 128) or not (n = 125) zoledronate. RESULTS: 409/522 patients enroled in the OS2006 study who received preoperative M-EI were analysed. Median age was 14.3 years (4.7-24.5), with 55 patients aged 18-25 years. Primary tumour location was limb in 383 patients (94%) and 85 (21%) presented metastases. Median chemotherapy duration was 37.4 weeks. 381 (96%) patients underwent surgery, 258 patients (65%) had a good histologic response. 187/324 patients (58%) with localised disease did not receive doxorubicin nor cisplatinum. Toxicity was evaluated in the randomised study: most patients experienced ≥1 severe toxicity (grade IV haematological or grade III/IV extra-haematological). Median follow-up was 4.8 years, and 168 patients had events. Five-year event-free survival was 56% (95% CI, 51-62%) and overall survival 71% (66-76%). CONCLUSION: M-EI regimen/strategy was feasible for patient aged ≤25 years with survival rates are comparable to those obtained with MAP regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem , Ácido Zoledrônico
5.
Blood ; 131(3): 289-300, 2018 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29051182

RESUMO

Risk stratification in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is mainly based on minimal residual disease (MRD) quantification. Whether oncogenetic mutation profiles can improve the discrimination of MRD-defined risk categories was unknown. Two hundred and twenty FRALLE2000T-treated patients were tested retrospectively for NOTCH1/FBXW7/RAS and PTEN alterations. Patients with NOTCH1/FBXW7 (N/F) mutations and RAS/PTEN (R/P) germ line (GL) were classified as oncogenetic low risk (gLoR; n = 111), whereas those with N/F GL and R/P GL mutations or N/F and R/P mutations were classified as high risk (gHiR; n = 109). Day 35 MRD status was available for 191 patients. Five-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and disease-free survival were 36% and 60% for gHiR patients and 11% and 89% for gLoR patients, respectively. Importantly, among the 60% of patients with MRD <10-4, 5-year CIR was 29% for gHiR patients and 4% for gLoR patients. Based on multivariable Cox models and stepwise selection, the 3 most discriminating variables were the oncogenetic classifier, MRD, and white blood cell (WBC) count. Patients harboring a WBC count ≥200 × 109/L, gHiR classifier, and MRD ≥10-4 demonstrated a 5-year CIR of 46%, whereas the 58 patients (30%) with a WBC count <200 × 109/L, gLoR classifier, and MRD <10-4 had a very low risk of relapse, with a 5-year CIR of only 2%. In childhood T-ALL, the N/F/R/P mutation profile is an independent predictor of relapse. When combined with MRD and a WBC count ≥200 × 109/L, it identifies a significant subgroup of patients with a low risk of relapse.

6.
Br J Haematol ; 179(2): 284-293, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28771663

RESUMO

Nelarabine is an antineoplastic agent approved for the treatment of relapsed/refractory T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) or T-lineage acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). The purpose of this phase 4, multicentre, single-arm, observational, open-label trial was to provide additional data on the safety and efficacy of nelarabine under licensed conditions of use in children and young adults ≤21 years of age. Patients (N = 28) had a mean ± standard deviation age of 11·5 ± 4·6 years; 71% were male and 61% had a diagnosis of T-ALL. Adverse events (AEs) and treatment-related AEs were experienced by 46% and 21%, respectively, and included few haematological AEs and no haematological serious AEs. Neurological AEs from one of four predefined categories (peripheral and central nervous systems, mental status change and uncategorized) were reported in four patients. There were no AE-related treatment discontinuations/withdrawals. The overall response rate was 39.3%: complete response (CR), 35.7%; CR without full haematological recovery (CR*), 3.6%. Post-treatment stem cell transplantation was performed for 46% of the cohort. Median overall survival (OS) was 3·35 months for non-responders and not reached for responders (CR + CR*). The response rate, median OS, and safety profile of nelarabine in this disease setting and population were consistent with those reported previously.


Assuntos
Arabinonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Arabinonucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Br J Haematol ; 177(1): 106-115, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28220934

RESUMO

Advanced stage nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (nLPHL) is extremely rare in children and as a consequence, optimal treatment for this group of patients has not been established. Here we retrospectively evaluated the treatments and treatment outcomes of 41 of our patients from the UK and France with advanced stage nLPHL. Most patients received chemotherapy, some with the addition of the anti CD20 antibody rituximab or radiotherapy. Chemotherapy regimens were diverse and followed either classical Hodgkin lymphoma or B non-Hodgkin lymphoma protocols. All 41 patients achieved a complete remission with first line treatment and 40 patients are alive and well in remission. Eight patients subsequently relapsed and 1 patient died of secondary cancer (9 progression-free survival events). The median time to progression for those who progressed was 21 months (5·9-73·8). The median time since last diagnosis is 87·3 months (8·44-179·20). Thirty-six (90%), 30 (75%) and 27 (68%) patients have been in remission for more than 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Overall, the use of rituximab combined with multi-agent chemotherapy as first line treatment seems to be a reasonable therapeutic option.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Adolescente , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Recidiva , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 63(2): 270-5, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26376115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current outcome of very early relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children remains poor. As a single agent, clofarabine provided a response rate of 26% in childhood ALL second relapse and, in combination with cyclophosphamide and etoposide, a 44% complete remission and complete remission without platelet recovery (CR+CRp) rate. Further multi-drug combinations need to be investigated. We used the VANDA regimen as a template, cytarabine being replaced by clofarabine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A phase I study combining escalating doses of clofarabine (25% increments from 20 to 40 mg/m(2)/d) with fixed doses of mitoxantrone, etoposide, asparaginase, and dexamethasone was undertaken in children presenting with very early or second or post-transplant ALL relapse. RESULTS: Twenty patients were enrolled, 19 were evaluable. Four patients had previously been allografted. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) appeared at dose level 3 (32 mg/m(2)), one out of six patients experienced a liver DLT. At dose level 4 (40 mg/m(2)), four DLT occurred (two fungal infection and two liver DLT). The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of clofarabine was thus determined to be 32 mg/m(2). There was no toxic death. Eleven (57.9%) patients achieved a CR. Six patients proceeded to allogeneic stem cell transplantation. CONCLUSION: Clofarabine MTD was 32 mg/m(2)/d in this combination which appeared feasible and effective in this population.


Assuntos
Nucleotídeos de Adenina/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Arabinonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Nucleotídeos de Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Arabinonucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Clofarabina , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Mitoxantrona/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Blood ; 124(15): 2408-10, 2014 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25170123

RESUMO

Studies in adults have shown that an early molecular response to imatinib predicts clinical outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We investigated the impact of the BCR-ABL1 transcript level measured 3 months after starting imatinib in a cohort of 40 children with CML. Children with a BCR-ABL1/ABL ratio higher than 10% at 3 months after the start of imatinib had a larger spleen size and a higher white blood cell count compared with those with BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10%. Children with BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10% 3 months after starting imatinib had higher rates of complete cytogenetic response and major molecular response at 12 months compared with those with BCR-ABL1/ABL >10%. With a median follow-up of 71 months (range, 22-96 months), BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10% correlated with better progression-free survival. Thus, early molecular response at 3 months predicts outcome in children treated with imatinib for CML. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00845221.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Adolescente , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Citogenética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , França , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Lactente , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico
11.
Sarcoma ; 2014: 475067, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24672280

RESUMO

Introduction. Osteosarcoma relapse has a poor prognosis, with less than 25% survival at 5 years. We describe the experience of the French Society of Paediatric Oncology (SFCE) with high dose (HD) thiotepa and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in 45 children with relapsed osteosarcoma. Patients and Methods. Between 1992 and 2004, 53 patients received HD thiotepa (900 mg/m(2)) followed by ASCT in 6 centres. Eight patients were excluded from analysis, and we retrospectively reviewed the clinical radiological and anatomopathological patterns of the 45 remaining patients. Results. Sixteen girls and 29 boys (median age, 15.9 years) received HD thiotepa after initial progression of metastatic disease (2), first relapse (26), and second or third relapse (17). We report 12 radiological partial responses and 9 of 31 histological complete responses. Thirty-two patients experienced further relapses, and 13 continued in complete remission after surgical resection of the residual disease. Three-year overall survival was 40%, and 3-year progression-free survival was 24%. Delay of relapse (+/- 2 years from diagnosis) was a prognostic factor (P = 0.011). No acute toxic serious adverse event occurred. Conclusion. The use of HD thiotepa and ASCT is feasible in patients with relapsed osteosarcoma. A randomized study for recurrent osteosarcoma between standard salvage chemotherapy and high dose thiotepa with stem cell rescue is ongoing.

12.
Br J Haematol ; 165(3): 392-401, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24479958

RESUMO

Minimal residual disease (MRD) is a major predictive factor of the cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Haematopoietic cell transplantation is a treatment option for patients at high risk of relapse. Between 2005 and 2008, we conducted a prospective study evaluating the feasibility and efficacy of the reduction of immunosuppressive medication shortly after a non-ex vivo T depleted myeloablative transplantation. Immunoglobulin (Ig)H/T-cell receptor MRD 30 d before transplant could be obtained in 122 of the 133 cases of high-risk paediatric ALL enrolled. There were no significant demographic differences except remission status (first or second complete remission) between the 95 children with MRD <10(-3) and the 27 with MRD ≥10(-3) . Multivariate analysis identified sex match and MRD as being significantly associated with 5-year survival. MRD ≥10(-3) compromised the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (43·6 vs. 16·7%). Complete remission status and stem cell source did not modify the relationship between MRD and prognosis. Thus, pre-transplant MRD is still a major predictor of outcome for ALL. The MRD-guided strategy resulted in survival for 72·3% of patients with MRD<10(-3) and 40·4% of those with MRD ≥10(-3).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/imunologia , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 1(1): 39, 2012 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23227903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clofarabine alone or in combination with cyclophosphamide and etoposide has shown a good efficacy and a tolerable toxicity profile in previous studies of children with relapsed or refractory leukaemia. This report describes a retrospective study of 38 French patients who received clofarabine as a monotherapy or in combination for relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) outside of clinical trials after marketing authorization. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data for 38 patients, up to 21 years old, attending 17 French centres. Thirty patients received clofarabine alone or in combination for a bone marrow relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) or refractory disease and eight patients for a high level of minimal residual disease (MRD). Survival and response durations were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: For the 30 patients who received clofarabine for a bone marrow relapse of ALL (number of relapse, 1-3; median, 1), the overall remission rate (ORR) was 37%: eight complete remission (CR) and three complete remission without platelet recovery (CRp). Ten of the 11 responding patients subsequently underwent haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).Only four of the eight patients who received clofarabine while in remission for a high level of MRD, showed a moderate improvement of MRD. Seven of these eight patients received HSCT and six of them were alive at the end of the study. One other patient was alive without receiving HSCT.However, clofarabine treatment was associated with a high risk of infection and hepatotoxicity. Febrile neutropenia grade ≥ 3 was reported in 79% of patients and documented infections grade ≥ 3 occurred in nine patients (24%). Hepatotoxicity grade 3 was reported in nine patients (24%). We observed four deaths related to treatment. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the efficacy of clofarabine is poorer than previously reported. Its toxicity is high and can be life threatening. Prospective studies on clofarabine used during earlier phases of the disease may help to define how best this new drug can be exploited for childhood and adolescent ALL.

14.
Br J Haematol ; 158(5): 649-56, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22757721

RESUMO

There is little data available regarding children and adolescents with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who relapse after combined-modality treatment, even though they have a substantial chance of cure. The purpose of this national retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with recurrent/refractory HL and determine adverse prognostic factors. From 1990 to 2006, 70 patients (median age 13·9 years) with refractory (n = 31) or first relapse (n = 39) HL were identified. Median time from end of treatment to relapse was 6 months (3-56). Relapses occurred in irradiated areas in 43/70 patients. Salvage therapy consisted of chemotherapy and 50 patients received high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation. Radiotherapy was performed in 29 cases, tandem autologous transplantation in five and allograft in three. With a median follow-up of 40 months (2-140), significant prognostic factors were time to progression/relapse and response to therapy before autograft. Event-free survival and overall survival in patients with refractory disease, early relapse and late relapse were 35 ± 9%, 67 ± 11%, 76 ± 10% and 48 ± 11%, 89 ± 7% and 80 ± 10%, respectively. As progression <3 months was a major adverse prognostic factor, novel therapeutic approaches are needed for this group of patients. By contrast, patients have substantial chance of long term second remission in case of relapse >3 months.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Haematologica ; 97(11): 1743-50, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22580999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with relapses of ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia remains to be evaluated, particularly with regards to the frequency of late relapses. We performed a long-term, follow-up retrospective study to address the outcome of patients with ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemia relapses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Among the 713 children tested for ETV6/RUNX1 enrolled into the FRALLE 93 protocol, 43 ETV6/RUNX1-positive patients relapsed (19.4%). Most were initially stratified in the low or intermediate risk groups. The median follow-up after relapse was 54.2 months. All but three received second-line salvage therapy and 16 underwent allogeneic transplantation. RESULTS: ETV6/RUNX1 had a strong effect on overall survival after relapse (3-year survival= 64.7% for positive cases versus 46.5% for negative cases) (P=0.007). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 19.4% and testes were more frequently involved in ETV6/RUNX1-positive relapses (P=0.04). In 81.4% of cases the relapses were late, early combined or isolated extramedullary relapses. The 5-year survival rate of patients with ETV6-RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses reached 80.8% when the relapse occurred after 36 months (versus 31.2% when the relapse occurred earlier). In univariate analysis, female gender was associated with a poor survival, whereas site of relapse, age at diagnosis, leukocytosis and consolidation strategy had no effect. In multivariate analysis, only the duration of first remission remained associated with outcome. CONCLUSIONS: We found an excellent outcome for patients with ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemia relapses that occurred more than 36 months after diagnosis. The duration of first complete remission may, therefore, be a guide to define the treatment strategy for patients with relapsed ETV6/RUNX1- positive leukemia.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cortisona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
16.
J Clin Oncol ; 30(16): 1966-73, 2012 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22547598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pediatric T-cell lymphoblastic lymphomas (T-LBL) are commonly treated on T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) -derived protocols. Therapeutic stratification based on response to the prephase treatment and on minimal residual disease assessment is well established in T-ALL but is not easy to extrapolate to T-LBL. The identification of molecular prognostic markers at diagnosis in T-LBL could provide an alternative for early therapeutic stratification. Our study determines the frequency and prognostic value of NOTCH1/FBXW7 mutations (N/F(mut)), FLASH deletion at chromosome 6q, and TCR rearrangements in a prospective cohort of pediatric T-LBL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pathologic samples were obtained at diagnosis for 54 patients treated according to the EuroLB02 protocol in France. N/F(mut) were identified by direct sequencing and allelic dosage was used to detect FLASH and TCRγ deletions, which were interpreted in conjunction with TCRγ, TCRß, and TCRδ rearrangements. RESULTS: N/F(mut) were found in 55% of T-LBL patients, in whom they were associated with improved event-free survival (P < .01) and overall survival (P < .01). FLASH monoallelic deletions were observed in 18% of patients; they were predominantly N/F wild-type (six of nine) and tended to be of inferior prognosis (P = .09). Absence of biallelic TCRγ deletion (ABD) was seen in 7%, all of which were N/F(mut) and identified a poor prognosis group (P = .02). On multivariate analysis of N/F(mut), TCRγ ABD, and FLASH deletion, only N/F(mut) was an independent factor for good prognosis. CONCLUSION: Mutational status of NOTCH1/FBXW7 represents a promising marker for early therapeutic stratification in pediatric T-LBL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas F-Box/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteína 7 com Repetições F-Box-WD , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Receptor Notch1/genética , Deleção de Sequência
17.
Eur J Cancer ; 48(15): 2409-16, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22633624

RESUMO

AIM: This phase II study evaluated efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) profile of combination intravenous vinorelbine (VNL) and continuous low doses oral cyclophosphamide (CPM) combination in children and young adults with a recurrent or refractory solid tumour. METHODS: A total of 117 patients (median age, 12 years) within six disease strata received intravenous VNL 25mg/m(2) on days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle combined with continuous daily oral CPM 25mg/m(2). Tumour response was assessed every two cycles according to WHO (World Health Organisation) criteria. PK of VNL was investigated in a subset of 18 patients aged 4-15 years. RESULTS: In rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) (n=50), the best overall response rate (ORR) was 36% with four complete (8%) and 14 partial responses (28%). The best ORR was 13% in Ewing's sarcoma (n=15), 6% in non-RMS soft tissue sarcoma (n=16) and 6% in neuroblastoma (n=16). No response was observed in osteosarcoma (n=10) and medulloblastoma (n=7). The main grade 3/4 toxicity was neutropenia (38%). Other severe toxicities were limited with 3% of peripheral neuropathy and no haemorrhagic cystitis. The PK analysis revealed equivalent blood exposure to VNL between children >4 years and adult series when the VNL dose was based on the body surface area-based dosing. CONCLUDING STATEMENT: In heavily pre-treated children, VNL combined with CPM showed an interesting response rate in RMS and an acceptable toxicity profile supporting further evaluation of these agents in phase III trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Rabdomiossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Recidiva , Rabdomiossarcoma/metabolismo , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Vimblastina/farmacocinética , Vinorelbina , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Cancer ; 48(9): 1376-85, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22516209

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether a risk factor adapted chemotherapy would improve the outcome of non-metastatic bone Ewing's sarcoma. METHODS: Standard risk tumours (SR, good histological response to chemotherapy or small unresected tumours) received the previous EW88 chemotherapy. Ifosfamide/etoposide (IE) were introduced after 3 courses of cyclophosphamide/doxorubicine when tumour regression was <50% or during consolidation therapy for the intermediate risk tumours (IR, intermediate histological response 5-30% residual cells or large unresected tumours >100ml). High risk tumours (HR, histological poor response >30% residual cells or clinical poor response <50% for unresectable tumours), received IE prior high dose busulfan/melphalan with stem cell rescue. RESULTS: From 1993 to 1999, 214 patients were enrolled. 5 y-EFS and OS were 60% (95% confidence interval (CI), 53-66) and 69% (95% CI, 63-75), respectively. 116 (54%), 46 (21%), 48 (22%) patients were considered as SR, IR and HR of relapse, respectively. No advantage to IE was observed in the IR group. As compared to previous study, tumour with poor histological response to induction chemotherapy seemed to benefit from the consolidation strategy including busulfan/melphalan: EFS were 45% (95% CI, 30-60) and 20% (95% CI, 7-43) for EW93 and EW88, respectively. Despite a risk-adapted strategy, histological response to chemotherapy remains the main prognostic factor in resected tumours, while initial tumour volume is the main prognostic factor for unresected tumours. CONCLUSION: These results showing a potential benefit of a consolidation strategy including busulfan/melphalan as compared to conventional chemotherapy needed confirmation by a randomised trial and were one of the bases of the ongoing EuroEwing99.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma de Ewing/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Esquema de Medicação , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMC Cancer ; 11: 407, 2011 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21942935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy in childhood and adolescence. However, it is very rare in children under 5 years of age. Although studies in young children are limited in number, they all underline the high rate of amputation in this population, with conflicting results being recently reported regarding their prognosis. METHODS: To enhance knowledge on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of osteosarcoma in young children, we reviewed the medical records and histology of all children diagnosed with osteosarcoma before the age of five years and treated in SFCE (Société Française des Cancers et leucémies de l'Enfant) centers between 1980 and 2007. RESULTS: Fifteen patients from 7 centers were studied. Long bones were involved in 14 cases. Metastases were present at diagnosis in 40% of cases. The histologic type was osteoblastic in 74% of cases. Two patients had a relevant history. One child developed a second malignancy 13 years after osteosarcoma diagnosis.Thirteen children received preoperative chemotherapy including high-dose methotrexate, but only 36% had a good histologic response. Chemotherapy was well tolerated, apart from a case of severe late convulsive encephalopathy in a one-year-old infant. Limb salvage surgery was performed in six cases, with frequent mechanical and infectious complications and variable functional outcomes.Complete remission was obtained in 12 children, six of whom relapsed. With a median follow-up of 5 years, six patients were alive in remission, seven died of their disease (45%), in a broad range of 2 months to 8 years after diagnosis, two were lost to follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Osteosarcoma seems to be more aggressive in children under five years of age, and surgical management remains a challange.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Amputação , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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