Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 222
Filtrar
1.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(10): 531-539, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622818

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Athletes are vulnerable to sexual violence. Perpetrators of sexual violence may be a trusted coach, a member of the health care team, or a peer. The consequences of sexual violence are wide ranging, resulting in immediate and long-term physical and mental health outcomes that require recognition and comprehensive, multidisciplinary care. Sports medicine providers need to have specific knowledge and skill to care for athletes who experience sexual violence. Several sports organizations (e.g., International Olympic Committee, United States Olympic and Paralympic Committee, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and the National Athletic Trainers' Association) have developed policies and procedures to prevent sexual violence and help sports medicine specialists provide care and services for athletes affected by sexual violence. Nevertheless, there remains a need for clinical guidelines, screening tools, and education, as well as clinical best practices to address sexual violence in sports medicine.

2.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-4, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615429

RESUMO

Chronically elevated levels of inflammatory biomarkers may contribute to the development of cancer and diet may be an important factor in the interplay between inflammation and cancer. We examined associations between glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), and adapted dietary inflammatory index (ADII) and markers of inflammation and adipokines in 135 premenopausal women at high genetic risk for breast cancer (NCT00892515). We assessed body mass index (BMI), 3-day food records, and blood biomarkers TNF-α, IL-12, CCL2, IL-10, leptin, and adiponectin. Regression models assessed associations between dietary variables and biomarkers, adjusted for caloric intake and BMI. Participants were on average 34.2 years old with mean BMI of 26.8 kg/m2. Significantly higher levels of IL-10 and leptin were observed in participants with higher GI. Leptin and adiponectin were significantly associated with ADII. Leptin remained associated with ADII after adjustment for caloric intake and BMI. There were no associations between inflammatory biomarkers of interest and GL, GI, and ADII, after adjusting for caloric intake and BMI. Elevated leptin levels were observed with higher ADII independent of caloric intake and BMI. The relationship between carbohydrate quality and inflammatory potential of the diet and markers of inflammation may be modulated by leptin.

3.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578984

RESUMO

Obesity-associated breast cancer recurrence is mechanistically linked with elevated insulin levels and insulin resistance. Exercise and weight loss are associated with decreased breast cancer recurrence, which may be mediated through reduced insulin levels and improved insulin sensitivity. This is a secondary analysis of the WISER Survivor clinical trial examining the relative effect of exercise, weight loss and combined exercise and weight loss interventions on insulin and insulin resistance. The weight loss and combined intervention groups showed significant reductions in levels of: insulin, C-peptide, homeostatic model assessment 2 (HOMA2) insulin resistance (IR), and HOMA2 beta-cell function (ß) compared to the control group. Independent of intervention group, weight loss of ≥10% was associated with decreased levels of insulin, C-peptide, and HOMA2-IR compared to 0-5% weight loss. Further, the combination of exercise and weight loss was particularly important for breast cancer survivors with clinically abnormal levels of C-peptide.

4.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533284

RESUMO

To manage acute, long-term, and late effects of cancer, current guidelines recommend moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic and resistance exercise. Unfortunately, not all cancer survivors are able or willing to perform higher intensity exercise during difficult cancer treatments or because of other existing health conditions. Tai Chi is an equipment-free, multicomponent mind-body exercise performed at light-to-moderate intensity that may provide a more feasible alternative to traditional exercise programs for some cancer survivors. This systematic review evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of Tai Chi across the cancer care continuum. We searched MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, SCOPUS, and CINAHL databases for interventional studies from inception to 18 September 2020. Controlled trials of the effects of Tai Chi training on patient-reported and objectively measured outcomes in cancer survivors were included. Study quality was determined by the RoB 2 tool, and effect estimates were evaluated using the Best Evidence Synthesis approach. Twenty-six reports from 14 trials (one non-randomized controlled trial) conducted during (n = 5) and after treatment (after surgery: n = 2; after other treatments: n = 7) were included. Low-level evidence emerged to support the benefits of 40-60 min of thrice-weekly supervised Tai Chi for 8-12 weeks to improve fatigue and sleep quality in cancer survivors. These findings need to be confirmed in larger trials and tested for scaling-up potential. Insufficient evidence was available to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on other cancer-related outcomes. Future research should examine whether Tai Chi training can improve a broader range of cancer outcomes including during the pre-treatment and end of life phases.

6.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(8): 389-394, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357884

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Ten percent of all premature deaths and 117 billion dollars in annual health care costs are attributable to physical inactivity in America. The positive impact exercise can have on overall health is irrefutable. While it is the responsibility of health care providers to assess and counsel for exercise, there are logistical, structural, and educational barriers preventing this counseling. A physical activity consultation clinic led by primary care sports medicine physicians would allow for focused exercise counseling by appropriately trained providers to motivated patients. While previously there have been many institutional and logistical barriers to establishing such a clinic, the COVID-19 pandemic has created a window of opportunity for doing so within a large academic medical center. This article reviews the importance of exercise on overall health, outlines the barriers for establishing a clinical experience dedicated to counseling for physical activity, and details how overcoming those barriers was facilitated by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Aconselhamento , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Pandemias , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1497, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity and dysregulated metabolism are associated with increased cancer risk. Triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, and VO2 max are robust clinical-metabolic biomarkers of overall health. AIMS: Aerobic exercise may improve clinical-metabolic biomarkers and decrease cancer risk. This secondary analysis of the WISER Sister randomized controlled trial investigated dose-dependent effects of aerobic exercise on clinical biomarker levels in women at high genetic risk for breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred thirty-nine participants were randomized to: control (<75 min/week), low-dose (150 min/week), and high-dose (300 min/week) aerobic exercise intervention groups. Intervention adherence was assessed via heart monitor. Fasting blood draws, cardio-pulmonary tests, and demographical surveys were taken at baseline and 5 months. Triglyceride, cholesterol, glucose, insulin, and VO2 max changes were assessed for 80 of the 122 study completers. Ninety-six percent of assayed-completers adhered to >80% of their exercise dose. A significant dose-dependent increase in VO2 max was observed for the low-dose and high-dose groups compared to control. No intervention effects were observed for plasma biomarkers. Overweight women (BMI > 25) showed a significant decrease in insulin levels and a trend for decreased triglycerides following exercise intervention. Significant increases in VO2 max were independent of BMI stratification. CONCLUSION: Women at high genetic risk for breast cancer should maintain healthy weights and aerobic capacities through aerobic exercise to achieve measurable benefits on overall health. For overweight women, exercise appears to improve subclinical metabolic dysregulation. However, normal weight women were unaffected by aerobic exercise as their biomarker levels may be below the threshold for improvement. VO2 max increases solely quantified the benefits of exercise in already healthy women at high-risk for breast cancer.

8.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1490, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence supporting the efficacy of exercise oncology programs to improve physical and psychosocial outcomes during active treatment. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the effect of exercise on healthcare utilization and cost analyzes of exercise oncology programs. AIMS: Our objective was to assess the effects of a pragmatic exercise oncology program (ENACT) during active chemotherapy treatment on healthcare utilization and associated costs. METHODS: We conducted post-hoc analyzes on 160 ENACT participants and 75 comparison participants matched on cancer site, stage, age range, and gender. We obtained complete healthcare utilization histories for each patient (specific to emergency department [ED] visits and hospital admissions) coinciding with their participation in ENACT. A sub-analysis was conducted for advanced stage breast, gastrointestinal, and pancreatic cancer patients. RESULTS: Healthcare costs for patients who participated in the ENACT exercise oncology intervention were numerically lower than healthcare costs for the comparison group, even after accounting for the cost of the intervention. However, the differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that an exercise oncology program during active chemotherapy treatment are at least cost neutral for all cancer patients, including advanced stage cancers. Additional research is warranted to evaluate the potential for exercise oncology programs to reduce healthcare utilization, particularly in advanced cancer patients.

9.
Cancer ; 127(20): 3856-3864, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic, relapsing, and progressive disease; it is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in survivors of breast cancer. METHODS: In this 2 × 2 factorial trial, 351 survivors of breast cancer with overweight or obesity were randomized to 1 of 4 treatment groups for 52 weeks: control, exercise alone, diet alone, or exercise plus diet. HRQOL end points were measured at baseline and at week 52 using the 36-Item Medical Outcomes Survey-Short Form (SF-36). Repeated measures analysis of covariance quantified the estimated treatment difference (ETD). RESULTS: At baseline, participants had a mean (SD) age of 59.4 years (8.7), body mass index of 34.0 kg/m2 (5.9), and 71 participants (20.2%) self-reported fair or poor general health. After 52 weeks, compared with control, the exercise plus diet improved the physical health summary score (ETD: 5.39; 95% CI, 0.55-10.22); exercise alone (ETD: -1.91; 95% CI, -6.60 to 2.79) and diet alone (ETD: 3.16; 95% CI, -1.52 to 7.83) did not change the physical health summary score. Compared with control, exercise alone (ETD: -0.27; 95% CI, -6.60 to 2.79), diet alone (ETD: 3.25; 95% CI, -1.41 to 7.91), and the exercise plus diet (ETD: 1.75; 95% CI, -2.90 to 6.39) did not change the mental health summary score. Exercise alone did not impact any HRQOL subscale; diet alone improved the vitality subscale; exercise plus diet improved the physical functioning, role-physical and vitality subscales. CONCLUSION: In survivors of breast cancer with overweight or obesity, exercise plus diet improved select HRQOL end points at week 52.

10.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 189(1): 145-154, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089422

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obesity increases the risk of cancer recurrence and death in survivors of breast cancer. This study tested the hypothesis that exercise alone, diet alone, and the combination of exercise plus diet reduce body weight and improve body composition in survivors of breast cancer. METHODS: In this 2 × 2 factorial trial, 351 survivors of breast cancer with overweight or obesity were randomized to one of four treatment groups for 52 weeks: control, exercise alone, diet alone, or exercise plus diet. Endpoints included body weight and body composition measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: After 52 weeks, compared with control, diet alone [- 5.39 kg (95% CI - 7.24, - 3.55);- 6.0% (95% CI - 8.0, - 3.9)] and exercise plus diet [- 6.68 kg (95% CI - 8.46, - 4.90);- 7.4% (95% CI - 9.4, - 5.4)] reduced body weight; exercise alone did not change body weight. Compared with control, diet alone [- 3.59 kg (95% CI - 5.00, - 2.17)] and exercise plus diet [- 4.28 kg (95% CI - 5.71, - 2.84)] reduced fat mass; exercise alone did not change fat mass. Compared with control, diet alone [- 0.82 kg (95% CI - 1.50, - 0.15)] and exercise plus diet [- 1.24 kg (95% CI - 1.92, - 0.56)] reduced lean mass; exercise alone did not change lean mass. Compared with control, exercise alone, diet alone, and exercise plus diet did not change bone mineral density. CONCLUSION: In survivors of breast cancer with overweight or obesity, diet alone or diet plus exercise produced clinically meaningful weight loss at week 52. The majority of weight loss was fat mass.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/terapia , Sobreviventes
11.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 163: 103371, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting has a negative effect on treatment toxicity and cancer prognosis. Resistance training appears to be a promising approach to counteract the loss of muscle mass. METHODS: Pubmed, Cochrane Library, SportDiscus and CINAHL. Randomized controlled resistance training trials with cancer survivros where eligible if lean body mass (LBM) or muscle mass were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 34 trials were included into the primary analysis. Compared to the control individuals, the intervention groups show a superiority in LBM of 0.85 kg (95 % CI = 0.26-1.43, p = .004). Isolated, the participants in the intervention groups show an increase in LBM of 0.51 kg (95 % CI = -0.05-1.06, p = .072); the control groups displayed a decrease of -0.59 kg (95 % CI= -1.04 to 0.06, p = .078). Supervision displayed an mediating role. CONCLUSIONS: Resistance training can counteract the loss of muscle mass in cancer patients. Especially in a supervised setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Treinamento de Força , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Músculos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Sobreviventes
12.
Cancer Med ; 10(13): 4195-4205, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110101

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of prehabilitation exercise intervention with respect to (1) acceptability, feasibility, and safety; and (2) physical function, measured by 6-minute-walk test (6MWT). DATA SOURCES: PRISMA guidelines were used to systematically search PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL databases evaluating prehabilitation exercise interventions. STUDY SELECTION: The inclusion criteria were studies investigating patients who underwent surgery for their cancer and underwent prehabilitation exercise. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Guidelines were applied by independent extraction by multiple observers. Data were pooled using a random-effects model. MAIN OUTCOME(S) AND MEASURE(S): Acceptability, feasibility, and safety rates were calculated. 6MWT (maximum distance a person can walk at their own pace on a hard, flat surface, measured in meters, with longer distance indicative of better performance status) was compared using two arms using the DerSimonian and Laird method. RESULTS: Objective 1. Across 21 studies included in this review, 1564 patients were enrolled, 1371 (87.7%) accepted the trial; of 1371, 1230 (89.7% feasibility) completed the intervention. There was no grade 3+ toxicities. Objective 2. Meta-analysis of five studies demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in 6MWT distance postoperatively in the control group (mean difference = +27.9 m; 95% confidence interval (CI): 9.3; 46.6) and a significant improvement postoperatively in the prehabilitation group (mean difference = -24.1 m; 95% CI: -45.7; -2.6). Meta-analysis demonstrated improvements in 6MWT distance 4-8 weeks postoperatively in the prehabilitation group compared to the control group (mean difference = -58.0 m, 95% CI: -92.8; -23.3). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Prehabilitation exercise for cancer patients undergoing surgery was found to be safe, acceptable, and feasible with a statistically significant improvement in the 6MWT, indicating that prehabilitation can improve postoperative functional capacity.

13.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 12(7): 1146-1153, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs) are recommended for survival in post-menopausal breast cancer survivors (BCS) with hormone-sensitive disease. AI Adherence is suboptimal, especially in older BCS. Joint pain is a common AI-related symptom that is associated with low AI adherence. The Using Exercise to Relieve Joint Pain in Older Breast Cancer Survivors (REJOIN) Trial will evaluate the efficacy of a self-management intervention (exercise + education) to increase knowledge/self-efficacy for symptom management, reduce joint pain and potentially increase AI adherence in older BCS planning to take AIs. METHODS: This randomized controlled pilot trial will include sedentary BCS, 65 years and older, diagnosed with stage I-III hormone-sensitive breast cancer, who have completed primary cancer treatment and are planning to initiate AIs. We will adapt an evidence-based physical activity program for older adults that includes bi-weekly, supervised exercise sessions plus 30 min of education. The 16-week intervention program includes: 8-weeks of supervised sessions plus 8-weeks of self-guided home sessions with periodic phone coaching. We will conduct geriatric assessments plus measurements of exercise, joint pain, and AI adherence (baseline, 4, 6 and 12 months). DISCUSSION: REJOIN is one of the first trials to exclusively target older BCS using a self-management intervention, informed by geriatric assessment and exercise physiology, to improve health outcomes in survivorship. The REJOIN trial could lay the foundation for transdisciplinary research that bridges the gap between clinical and public health perspectives in healthy aging, with the opportunity to translate clinical interventions into non-pharmacological tools for a growing, yet underserved population of older survivors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03955627.

14.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(5): 271-276, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908915

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In the spring of 2020, we faced a global pandemic that resulted in social distancing limitations not previously experienced, forcing practitioners to adapt exercise programming to a virtual model. The purpose of this investigation was to measure the effectiveness of a virtual exercise oncology program in 491 participants undergoing antineoplastic therapy between March and June 2020. Each session was completed virtually with a certified exercise oncology trainer. Fitness and psychological parameters were measured preexercise and postexercise intervention. Overall, participants completed 4949 of 5892 prescribed exercise sessions. Patients saw increases in cardiovascular endurance (15.2%, P < 0.05), muscular endurance (18.2%, P < 0.05), flexibility (31.9%, P < 0.05), feelings of support (58.7%, P < 0.05), and quality of life (32.2%, P < 0.05), as well as decreases in loneliness (54%, P < 0.05) and fatigue (48.7%, P < 0.05). In light of our findings, we assert that virtual exercise training is a viable option in circumstances where in-person, individualized exercise training is not possible.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Lista de Checagem , Terapia por Exercício/psicologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Apoio Social , Avaliação de Sintomas , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Cancer Surviv ; 15(3): 410-413, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although metastatic breast cancer (MBC) survival is improving, symptoms remain a significant burden. Returning to a cancer center for symptom management can be challenging. Technology-enabled supportive care platforms are worth exploration. METHODS: Seventeen patients with MBC were randomized to immediate or delayed start for a 3-month intervention that included daily tablet-based guideline-concordant self-care for pain, distress, fatigue, and sleep disturbance, as well as weekly calls with a patient navigator. The primary outcome was patient acceptability. We also assessed feasibility, patient satisfaction, and cost and compared between group differences for symptoms. RM-ANOVA examined between group differences over time. Hedges' d effect sizes quantified magnitude of differences in change between immediate and delayed start. RESULTS: Sixty-eight percent of patients approached accepted the tablet-based intervention. Patients interacted with the tablet 48% of possible days. Patient satisfaction ranged from 83 for walking to 49% for the psychological interventions. The cost of delivering Nurse AMIE for 3 months was $570.23. Small nonsignificant improvements were found for fatigue (d=0.24). Nonsignificant, but potentially clinically meaningful, moderate reductions were found for sleep (d=0.65) and distress (d=0.74). DISCUSSION: A tablet-based supportive care platform that offers guideline-concordant self-care for pain, fatigue, sleep, and distress was observed to be highly acceptable and feasible for patients with metastatic breast cancer. Patient satisfaction scores and initial evaluation of efficacy are promising, and the platform warrants further investigation. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Technology-based self-care is a promising option to address symptoms in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

16.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 30(6): 1048-1062, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, leptin, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are implicated in breast cancer risk and recurrence. Weight loss, via the dynamic interplay of energy balance through exercise and/or caloric restriction, decreases risk of breast cancer recurrence. METHODS: We investigated the effects of lifestyle modifications (exercise only, or combined caloric restriction and exercise) on adipokines, IL2, IL6, IL8, IL10, C-reactive protein (CRP), and TNFα biomarkers in breast cancer survivors. Searches were completed in June and July of 2019 to identify randomized controlled trials that met inclusion criteria. Weighted mean difference was calculated using random- or fixed-effects models based on the heterogeneity of the studies. RESULTS: 2501 records were identified, with 30 ultimately meeting inclusion criteria of the systematic review; 21 studies provided data suitable for meta-analysis. We observed leptin levels were significantly reduced in the exercise-only group compared with sedentary control [WMD -5.66; 95% confidence interval (CI), -11.0 to -0.33; P = 0.04]. CONCLUSIONS: Leptin may be a primary mediator of exercise-induced improvements in breast cancer recurrence. IMPACT: This is the first review and meta-analysis to examine combined exercise and caloric restriction programs in breast cancer survivors. Future studies should further examine combined programs and their efficacy for altering leptin.

17.
Cancer ; 127(11): 1836-1846, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Behavioral intervention studies in older breast cancer survivors, particularly older African American (AA) and socioeconomic status-disadvantaged breast cancer survivors, are lacking. To inform future studies, the authors examined recruitment strategies in older breast cancer survivors who participated in an exercise intervention study. METHODS: IMPROVE is a randomized trial designed to evaluate a group-based exercise intervention versus a support group (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02763228). Participants were aged ≥65 years who had survived stage I through III breast cancer and were within 5 years of treatment completion. Participants were recruited through multiple approaches, including peripheral, linguistic, and constituent-involving strategies that incorporated the identification of potentially eligible patients from 3 local hospitals and from State of Ohio registries and through direct clinician and community organization referrals. RESULTS: Between October 2016 and November 2019, 7487 patients were screened, 4790 were potentially eligible, and 213 were randomized into the study. The eligible:randomization rates were 4.4% overall and 84%, 8%, and 2% for recruitment using direct referrals, hospital registries, and state registries, respectively. The median age of the randomized cohort was 70 years (range, 65-88 years) and included 44% AA and 44% socioeconomic status-disadvantaged breast cancer survivors. Compared with all registry-eligible patients, directly referred-eligible patients were more likely to be AA versus Non-Hispanic White (41% vs 19%; P = .006), to be contacted successfully (100% vs 33%; P < .0001), and to accept study participation (88% vs 16%; P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Direct referrals appeared to be the most efficient strategy for recruiting AA survivors. Behavioral intervention studies seeking to target older AA and socioeconomic status-disadvantaged breast cancer survivors should include strategies that foster direct referrals to study participation.

18.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 110(4): 973-983, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220396

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Exercise therapy (ET) is shown to improve toxicity and surrogates of survival for patients receiving chemotherapy. Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines lack recommendations for concurrent radiation therapy (RT) and ET. The main objective was to determine the impact of concurrent ET + RT with respect to (1) acceptability, feasibility, safety; and (2) to demonstrate how incorporating ET in cancer treatment can enhance patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and physical function-defined as strength or exercise capacity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A PICOS/PRISMA selection protocol was used to search PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Cochrane Review for prospective randomized controlled trials evaluating concurrent ET + RT, including >10 patients and with 1 or more study arms. Acceptability, feasibility, and safety rates were calculated. PROs were assessed with study-specific metrics. Physical function was defined as improvements in strength or range of motion. Statistically significant improvement was defined by P <.05. RESULTS: Twenty-six of 693 screened studies including 1563 patients (831 receiving exercise, 732 controls) with localized breast cancer (67.1% of patients), prostate cancer (27.4%), head and neck cancers (2.8%), and spinal metastases (2.8%) were assessed. Objective 1: Among 3385 patients approached for ET, 1864 (55.1%) accepted the treatment; of those, 1563 patients (83.9%) completed the trials. Objective 2: Statistical improvements were noted in these PROs: quality of life (14 of 15 studies), fatigue (12 of 16 studies), mood/depression (9 of 13), and anxiety (6 of 7). Physical function improved statically in 16 of 16 studies. CONCLUSIONS: Combination ET + RT is safe and well-tolerated with improvements in PROs and physical function. Additional studies are needed in patients with metastatic cancers to assess survival and to compare effectiveness of different exercise regimens.

19.
Cancer ; 127(3): 476-484, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090477

RESUMO

LAY SUMMARY: International evidence-based guidelines support the prescription of exercise for all individuals living with and beyond cancer. This article describes the agenda of the newly formed Moving Through Cancer initiative, which has a primary objective of making exercise standard practice in oncology by 2029.

20.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 101: 106242, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301991

RESUMO

Low muscle is associated with an increased risk of chemotherapy-related dose limiting toxicities (DLT) in cancer patients. Resistance training (RT) improves muscle mass; however, the effects of RT on preventing DLTs and dose reductions in colon cancer patients has not been investigated. FOcus on Reducing dose-limiting toxicities in Colon cancer with resistance Exercise (FORCE) is a multicenter, randomized clinical trial examining the effects of RT on relative dose intensity (RDI; primary outcome) and moderate and severe chemotoxicities (primary outcome) in non-metastatic colon cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients (N = 180) will be recruited from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Penn State Cancer Institute. This paper describes recruitment strategies and design considerations. Patients will be randomized in equal numbers to RT intervention or control. Patients have baseline and post completion of chemotherapy visits where information on anthropometry, physical function, body composition, quality of life, physical activity and dietary behaviors, and inflammatory blood markers will be collected. Patient-reported outcomes of chemotherapy side effects will be collected around the time of chemotherapy throughout the duration of the trial. Intervention participants will be prescribed a progressive RT program consisting of 4-6 visits with a certified exercise trainer, delivered either in-person or remotely by video conference, and will be asked to engage twice weekly in-home training sessions. Control patients at the end of the study receive a consult with a FORCE exercise trainer, an online exercise RT training program and a set of resistance bands. Results of this trial will provide information on the benefit of resistance exercise as a treatment to increase RDI.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...