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1.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834543

RESUMO

Postoperative new cranial nerve deficits comprise severe concomitant morbidity in skull base meningioma surgery. Therefore, long-term cranial nerve integrity represents an important outcome measure. In the current study, we analyzed our institutional database in order to identify risk factors for postoperative new cranial nerve morbidity in the course of frontobasal meningioma surgery. Between 2009 and 2017, 195 patients were surgically treated for frontobasal meningioma at the authors' institution. Postoperative cranial nerve function was assessed immediately after surgery as well as 12 months postoperatively. A univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors influencing favorable postoperative cranial nerve outcome. Tumors with histological Mib-1-labeling indices > 5% were associated with a significantly higher percentage of new cranial nerve deficits immediately after surgery compared with those with Mib-1-labeling indices ≤ 5% (39% versus 20%, p = 0.029). Elevated Mib-1-labeling indices could be correlated with high CD68-positive macrophage staining (54% for Mib-1 index > 5% versus 19% for Mib-1 index ≤ 5%, p = 0.001). Elevated Mib-1-labeling index correlates with initial new cranial nerve dysfunction after resection of frontal skull base meningioma. With regard to elevated CD68-positive macrophage staining in high Mib-1-positive meningiomas, initial postoperative new cranial nerve morbidity might partly reflect macrophage-based inflammatory immune responses.

2.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 13: 1889-1894, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806937

RESUMO

Purpose: Since the launch of belimumab in 2011, the BLyS antibody has been increasingly used in the therapy of systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE). Comparative studies showed that the intravenous (i.v.) and subcutaneous (s.c.) administration forms do not differ in their efficacy. Since the approval of the s.c. therapy, many patients have been switched from i.v. to s.c. administration. The clinical course of these patients and their satisfaction regarding the drug have not yet been investigated. Methods: A total of 9 patients with SLE were switched from i.v. to s.c. belimumab between 12/2017 and 03/2018. We assessed a self-developed questionnaire on drug satisfaction, disease activity (SLEDAI-2k), serological activity (leukocytes, DNA antibodies, complement), disease damage (SLICC/ACR damage index) and functional status (health-assessment questionnaire) at switching (T0) and after 6 months (T1). Association of the questionnaires with the form of administration (i.v. vs s.c.) was analyzed for each variable separately by linear regression analyses, adjusted for age, gender and disease duration. Results: At switching, disease activity of all patients was well controlled (median SLEDAI-2k = 2 [Interquartile range 0-4]) and the patients were mainly satisfied with their therapy. No evidence for any difference in disease activity, disease damage or patient satisfaction 6 months after switching was found. In tendency, patients were more satisfied with the s.c. administration. Conclusion: The switch from i.v. to s.c. belimumab was successful in all cases and had no effect on disease activity or patient satisfaction. Despite the small sample size, s.c. belimumab seems to offer a good alternative to i.v. application.

3.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is still controversial whether autoantibody (AAb) serum levels have a value for response monitoring in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Therefore, we retrospectively investigated a real-life outpatient RA cohort to determine which factors are associated with change in serum AAb levels and RA disease activity. The primary goal of the study was to determine predictors for changes in DAS28 and autoantibodies over time and identify traits of non-rituximab treated patients, which would define strong association of disease activity with changes in AAb-levels. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with seropositive RA were monitored for DAS28, CRP, ESR, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCP), anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV), and rheumatoid factor (RF). Using linear mixed regression modelling, factors influencing DAS28 and serum AAb were determined. Patients showing above (good correlators) and below (bad correlators) average correlation of serum AAb with DAS28 were further characterised. RESULTS: In non-rituximab treated patients (88.5%), associations of changes in AAb and DAS28 were strengthened with more morning stiffness (p=0.002), DMARD use (p=0.02), tender joints (p=0.01), swollen joints (p<0.01), higher ESR (p<0.01) and VAS (p<0.001) at baseline. Decrease of anti-CCP was also predicted by longer disease duration (-4.4 U/ml per year disease duration, p=0.048) and/or no erosions (-2.0 U/ml/month, p<0.01) at baseline, whereas erosive disease predicted an increase (+1.4 U/ml/month, p=0.015) in anti-CCP. Conversely, patients with erosive disease showed a trend to decrease RF (-1.9 U/ml/month, p=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: In non-rituximab treated RA patients, the association between disease activity and change in autoantibody levels is not static, but strengthens with increase in signs of inflammation (ESR, VAS, swollen joints, tender joints, morning stiffness) at baseline. Therefore, studies of changes in AAb need to consider baseline inflammation as confounder.

4.
Epilepsy Res ; 159: 106236, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743818

RESUMO

Brivaracetam (BRV) was recently introduced for the treatment of patients with focal epilepsy. BRV undergoes relatively few interactions, but one of them leads to the elevation of carbamazepine (CBZ)-10,11-CBZ-epoxide (CBZ-E) if BRV is co-administered with CBZ. This interaction has been considered to be clinically negligible. We present a case series of nine patients. In eight of them, levetiracetam (LEV) was switched to BRV. In the remaining case, oxcarbazepine was replaced by CBZ and added to a stable BRV dose. A marked increase of CBZ-E occurred in every case and was associated with clinically relevant symptoms including blurred vision, diplopia, dizziness, or fatigue in three of them. However, in the remaining six, the elevated CBZ-E levels were not associated with any tolerability problems. The importance of CBZ-E for adverse events under CBZ may have been overemphasized in the past and is not clinically impairing in most cases treated with the combination of BRV and CBZ.

5.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-7, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Both pre- and postoperative seizures comprise common side effects that negatively impact patient quality of life in those suffering from intracranial meningioma. Therefore, seizure freedom represents an important outcome measure in meningioma surgery. In the current study the authors analyzed their institutional database to identify risk factors for postoperative seizure occurrence after surgical meningioma therapy in patients with preoperative symptomatic epilepsy. METHODS: Between February 2009 and April 2017, 187 patients with preoperative seizures underwent resection of supratentorial meningioma at the authors' institution. Seizure outcome was assessed retrospectively 12 months after tumor resection according to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification and stratified into favorable (ILAE class I) versus unfavorable (ILAE classes II-VI). A univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors influencing seizure outcome. RESULTS: Overall 169 (90%) of 187 patients with preoperative seizures achieved favorable outcome in terms of seizure freedom after meningioma resection. Multivariate analysis revealed peritumoral edema > 1 cm in maximal diameter and WHO grade II and III tumors, as well as a low extent of resection (Simpson grades III-V) as independent predictors for postoperative unfavorable seizure outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is highly effective in the treatment of seizures as common side effects of supratentorial meningioma. Furthermore, the present study identified several significant and independent risk factors for postoperative seizure occurrence, enabling one to select for high-risk patients that require special attention in clinical and surgical management.

6.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am ; 45(4): 537-548, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564295

RESUMO

The treat-to-target principle of controlling inflammatory disease activity by means of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or immunosuppressive drugs also pertains to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, in SLE, intensifying immunosuppression with higher-dose glucocorticoids may worsen outcomes. Therefore, all current recommendations favor better disease control while limiting daily glucocorticoid doses to a maximum of 5 or 7.5 mg of prednisolone daily. Hydroxychloroquine and other prophylactic measures are added, and antiphospholipid syndrome is treated with anticoagulation and not with immunosuppression, which makes the approach of treat to target slightly more complex, mirroring the complexity of the disease.

7.
J Neurooncol ; 145(1): 143-150, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Supra-total glioblastoma resection has gained growing attention with regard to superior long-term disease control. However, aggressive onco-surgical approaches-geared beyond conventional gross total resections (GTR)-are limited by the impairment of adjacent eloquent areas at risk that may entail severe postoperative functional morbidity. Against this backdrop we analyzed our institutional database with regard to potential survival benefits of anterior temporal lobectomy as a paradigm for supra-total resection in patients with precisely temporal-located, non-eloquent glioblastoma. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2017, 38 patients with isolated temporal glioblastoma underwent GTR or temporal lobectomy at the authors' institution. Both groups of differing resection modalities were compared with regard to postoperative Karnofsky performance score (KPS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Patients with temporal lobectomy exhibited significantly superior median KPS at the 12 months follow-up compared to the GTR group (median KPS of 80 vs. 60, p = 0.04). Temporal lobectomy was associated with significantly prolonged PFS (p = 0.005) and OS (p = 0.002) coming up to 15 months (95% CI 9.7-22.1) and 23 months (95% CI 14.8-34.5) compared to 7 months (95% CI 3.3-8.3) and 11 months (95% CI 9.2-17.9) for the GTR group. Multivariate analysis revealed temporal lobectomy as the only predictor for both superior PFS (p = 0.037, OR 7.3, 95% CI 1.1-47.4) and OS (p = 0.04, OR 7.8, 95% CI 1.1-55.2). CONCLUSIONS: These results strongly suggest temporal lobectomy as an aggressive supra-total resection policy to constitute the surgical modality of choice for isolated temporal-located glioblastoma.

8.
J Vet Intern Med ; 33(6): 2559-2571, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in cats, but there is limited evidence of the benefit of any medication. HYPOTHESIS: The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril would delay the time to treatment failure in cats with heart disease of various etiologies. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-one client-owned cats. METHODS: Cats with heart disease, confirmed by echocardiography, with or without clinical signs of congestive heart failure, were recruited between 2002 and 2005 and randomized to benazepril or placebo in a prospective, multicenter, parallel-group, blinded clinical trial. Benazepril (0.5-1.0 mg/kg) or placebo was administered PO once daily for up to 2 years. The primary endpoint was treatment failure. Analyses were conducted separately for all-cause treatment failure (main analysis) and heart disease-related treatment failure (supportive analysis). RESULTS: No benefit of benazepril versus placebo was detected for time to all-cause treatment failure (P = .42) or time to treatment failure related to heart disease (P = .21). Hazard ratios (95% confidence interval [CI]) from multivariate analysis for benazepril compared with placebo were 1.00 (0.57-1.74) for all-cause failure, and 0.99 (0.50-1.94) for forward selection and 0.93 (0.48-1.81) for bidirectional selection models for heart disease-related failure. There were no significant differences between groups over time after administration of the test articles in left atrium diameter, left ventricle wall thickness, quality of life scores, adverse events, or plasma biochemistry or hematology variables. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Benazepril was tolerated well in cats with heart disease, but no evidence of benefit was detected.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(9): 1151-1159, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. (1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort and a patient survey. (2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. (3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. (4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in seven clinical (constitutional, haematological, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and three immunological (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered and weighted criteria reflect current thinking about SLE and provide an improved foundation for SLE research.

10.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(9): 1400-1412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. 1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort, and a patient survey. 2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. 3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. 4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1,001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1,270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in 7 clinical (constitutional, hematologic, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and 3 immunologic (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered, and weighted criteria reflects current thinking about SLE and provides an improved foundation for SLE research.

11.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(5): 33, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312919

RESUMO

Leukocyte-mediated inflammation is central in atherothrombosis and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been shown to enhance atherothrombosis and stimulate fibroblast function. We analyzed the effects of NETs on cardiac remodeling after STEMI. We measured double-stranded (ds)DNA and citrullinated histone H3 (citH3) as NET surrogate markers in human culprit site and femoral blood collected during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 50). Fibrocytes were characterized in whole blood by flow cytometry, and in culprit site thrombi and myocardium by immunofluorescence. To investigate mechanisms of fibrocyte activation, isolated NETs were used to induce fibrocyte responses in vitro. Enzymatic infarct size was assessed using creatine-phosphokinase isoform MB area under the curve. Left ventricular function was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. NET surrogate markers were increased at the culprit site compared to the femoral site and were positively correlated with infarct size and left ventricular dysfunction at follow-up. In vitro, NETs promoted fibrocyte differentiation from monocytes and induced fibrocyte activation. Highly activated fibrocytes accumulated at the culprit site and in the infarct transition zone. Our data suggest that NETs might be important mediators of fibrotic remodeling after STEMI, possibly by stimulating fibrocytes.

13.
J Clin Med ; 8(7)2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various biomarkers have been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of serum levels of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) in CAD patients and controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: CAD patients were divided into three groups according to their EF as measured by the biplane Simpson method (53-84%, 31-52%, ≤30%). Overall, 361 subjects were analyzed. In total, 155 CAD patients had an EF of 53-84%, 71 patients had an EF of 31-52%, and 23 patients had an EF of ≤30% as compared to 112 healthy controls (age 51.3 ± 9.0 years, 44.6% female). Mean ages according to EF were 62.1 ± 10.9, 65.2 ± 10.1, and 66.6 ± 8.2 years, respectively, with females representing 29.0, 29.6, and 13.0%. suPAR, GDF-15, H-FABP, and sST2 values were significantly higher in CAD patients and showed an exponential increase with decreasing EF. In a multiple logistic regression model, GDF-15 (p = 0.009), and NT-brain natriuretic peptide (p = 0.003) were independently associated with EF. CONCLUSION: Biomarkers such as suPAR, GDF-15, H-FABP, and sST2 are increased in CAD patients, especially in highly impaired EF. Besides NT-proBNP as a well-known marker for risk prediction, GDF-15 may be an additional tool for diagnosis and clinical follow-up.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(6)2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226836

RESUMO

Gap junctions have recently been shown to interconnect glioblastoma cells to a multicellular syncytial network, thereby allowing intercellular communication over long distances as well as enabling glioblastoma cells to form routes for brain microinvasion. Against this backdrop gap junction-targeted therapies might provide for an essential contribution to isolate cancer cells within the brain, thus increasing the tumor cells' vulnerability to the standard chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide. By utilizing INI-0602-a novel gap junction inhibitor optimized for crossing the blood brain barrier-in an oncological setting, the present study was aimed at evaluating the potential of gap junction-targeted therapy on primary human glioblastoma cell populations. Pharmacological inhibition of gap junctions profoundly sensitized primary glioblastoma cells to temozolomide-mediated cell death. On the molecular level, gap junction inhibition was associated with elevated activity of the JNK signaling pathway. With the use of a novel gap junction inhibitor capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier-thus constituting an auspicious drug for clinical applicability-these results may constitute a promising new therapeutic strategy in the field of current translational glioblastoma research.

15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(11): 2001-2008, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236759

RESUMO

The complex anatomy and physiology of the right ventricle (RV) is a major limitation of visual echocardiographic gradation of RV systolic function (RVF). The aim of this study was to compare visual assessment ("eyeballing") of RVF with gold standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF). Medical professionals from a range of clinical settings and with varying degrees of echocardiography experience were recruited via an online ultrasound teaching platform. In an anonymized web-based test, participants graded RVF in 10 patients with varying degrees of RVF via "eyeballing" of an RV-focused four-chamber view. Two skills were evaluated: (1) ability to differentiate between normal and reduced RVF; and (2) ability to determine the correct degree of RV systolic dysfunction. A total of 868 participants from 99 countries were included. For detection of reduced RVF (MRI-RVEF < 50%), sensitivity was 97.1%, 96,8%, 96.5%, and 95.8% and specificity was 55.7%, 52.8%, 54.6%, and 42.5% for the expert, advanced, intermediate, and beginner groups, respectively. For determination of the correct degree of RV dysfunction, even experienced examiners assigned a diagnosis that was discordant with MRI in > 40% of cases. In the present cohort, "eyeballing" was associated with excellent sensitivity but poor specificity in terms of differentiation between normal and abnormal RVF. Even among experts, classification of the degree of RV dysfunction was imprecise. In accordance with current guidelines, the present data suggest that "eyeballing" should be combined with evaluation of other echocardiographic parameters of RVF.

16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2541, 2019 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186414

RESUMO

Reactive astrocytes evolve after brain injury, inflammatory and degenerative diseases, whereby they undergo transcriptomic re-programming. In malignant brain tumors, their function and crosstalk to other components of the environment is poorly understood. Here we report a distinct transcriptional phenotype of reactive astrocytes from glioblastoma linked to JAK/STAT pathway activation. Subsequently, we investigate the origin of astrocytic transformation by a microglia loss-of-function model in a human organotypic slice model with injected tumor cells. RNA-seq based gene expression analysis of astrocytes reveals a distinct astrocytic phenotype caused by the coexistence of microglia and astrocytes in the tumor environment, which leads to a large release of anti-inflammatory cytokines such as TGFß, IL10 and G-CSF. Inhibition of the JAK/STAT pathway shifts the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines towards a pro-inflammatory environment. The complex interaction of astrocytes and microglia cells promotes an immunosuppressive environment, suggesting that tumor-associated astrocytes contribute to anti-inflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Astrócitos/citologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Microglia/citologia , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
17.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 404(5): 633-645, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Perioperative management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) is a constant challenge in interventional and surgical procedures. When deciding to discontinue OAC, the risk of thromboembolic events must be balanced against the risk of bleeding during and after the planned procedure. These risks differ across patients and must be considered individually. METHODS: POPACTApp, an application for the perioperative or peri-interventional management of oral anticoagulants, was developed using a human-centered design process (ISO 9241-210:2010). The treatment concept developed here can be adapted to a patient's individual risk profile. POPACTApp provides recommendations based on guidelines, consensus statements, and study data. After entering patient-specific risk factors, the attending physician using POPACTApp receives a clear and direct presentation of a periprocedural treatment concept, which should enable the efficient use of the program in everyday clinical practice. The perioperative treatment concept is presented via a timeline, including (1) the decision on whether to interrupt OAC, (2) the timing of the last preoperative administration of OAC in cases of interruption, (3) the decision on whether and how to bridge with heparins, and (4) the decision about when to reinitiate anticoagulation. RESULTS: A task-based survey to evaluate POPACTApp's usability conducted with 20 surgeons showed that all clinicians correctly interpreted the recommendations provided by the app. Further, a questionnaire using a 7-point Likert scale from - 3 (negative) to + 3 (positive) revealed the following results to three specific questions: (1) satisfaction with the current standard procedure in the respective unit of the participant (0.15; SD = 1.57), (2) individual satisfaction with the POPACTApp application (2.7; SD = 0.47), and (3) estimation of the usefulness of POPACTApp for clinical practice (2.7; SD = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: POPACTApp provides clinicians with an individual risk-optimized treatment concept for the perioperative or peri-interventional management of OAC based on current guidelines, consensus statements, and study data, enabling the standardized perioperative handling of OAC in daily clinical practice.

18.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234593

RESUMO

Background: Reduced left ventricular function (LVF) is a predictor for stent-thrombosis. In advanced heart failure (characterized by high NT-proBNP) with an activated coagulation system, coronary events clinically perceived as sudden death or death from heart failure may be more common in patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than in patients treated by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Our study analyses (1) if patients with reduced LVF who require coronary revascularization will have a better survival benefit with CABG or PCI, and (2) if the survival benefit is predicted by NT-proBNP. Methods: This observational retrospective study included patients from the coronary catheter laboratory database of the Medical University of Vienna (CCLD-MUW). Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to test the hypothesis that there is an interaction in the risk of death between those with lower or elevated NT-proBNP levels and the revascularization procedure (PCI or CABG). The relative risk of PCI compared to CABG as reference was calculated for patients with low and elevated NT-proBNP levels. Results: In the entire study population with 398 patients (340 PCI and 58 CABG) the revascularization procedure had no predictive value. When the revascularization procedure*NTproBNP interaction was forced into the Cox regression model, this term was an independent predictor of death. The relative risk of PCI compared to CABG was similar in patients with lower NT-proBNP-1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.45-2.24), but was significantly increased in patients with elevated NT-proBNP-1.58 (95% CI, 1.07-2.33). Conclusion: Death is associated to the revascularization procedure, but only in those patients with elevated NT-proBNP levels. NT-proBNP is a predicting factor for the revascularization procedure: elevated levels showed an increased risk of death after PCI compared to CABG, whereas lower levels were associated with a similar risk after both revascularization procedures.

19.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217475, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141555

RESUMO

In recent years, the role of sympathetic nervous fibers in chronic inflammation has become increasingly evident. At the onset of inflammation, sympathetic activity is increased in the affected tissue. However, sympathetic fibers are largely absent from chronically inflamed tissue. Apparently, there is a very dynamic relationship between sympathetic innervation and the immune system in areas of inflammation, and hence a rapid and easy method for quantification of nerve fiber density of target organs is of great value to answer potential research questions. Currently, nervous fiber densities are either determined by tedious manual counting, which is not suitable for high throughput approaches, or by expensive automated processes relying on specialized software and high-end microscopy equipment. Usually, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is used as the marker for sympathetic fibers. In order to overcome the current quantification bottleneck with a cost-efficient alternative, an automated process was established and compared to the classic manual approach of counting TH-positive sympathetic fibers. Since TH is not exclusively expressed on sympathetic fibers, but also in a number of catecholamine-producing cells, a prerequisite for automated determination of fiber densities is to reliably distinct between cells and fibers. Therefore, an additional staining using peripherin exclusively expressed in nervous fibers as a secondary marker was established. Using this novel approach, we studied the spleens from a syndecan-3 knockout (SDC3KO) mouse line, and demonstrated equal results on SNS fiber density for both manual and automated counts (Manual counts: wildtype: 22.57 +/- 11.72 fibers per mm2; ko: 31.95 +/- 18.85 fibers per mm2; p = 0.05; Automated counts: wildtype: 31.6 +/- 18.98 fibers per mm2; ko: 45.49 +/- 19.65 fibers per mm2; p = 0.02). In conclusion, this new and simple method can be used as a high-throughput approach to reliably and quickly estimate SNS nerve fiber density in target tissues.

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