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Public Health ; 189: 48-53, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157459


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate geographic access to free weekly outdoor physical activity events ('parkrun') in England, with a particular focus on deprived communities, and to identify optimal locations for future events to further maximise access. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional ecological analysis of the socio-economic disparities in geographic access to parkrun events in England in late 2018. METHODS: We combined geolocation data on all English Lower Layer Super Output Areas and parkrun events to calculate geodesic distances to the nearest event for more than 32,000 communities in England. We use this measure of geographic access to summarise the relationship between access and socio-economic deprivation, measured using the index of multiple deprivation. We then used geographic coordinates of public green spaces in England to conduct a simple location-allocation analysis to identify 200 locations for future event locations that would maximise access. RESULTS: In England, 69% of the population live within 5 km of one of the 465 parkrun events. There is a small negative correlation between distance and deprivation, indicating that access is slightly better in more socio-economically deprived areas. Setting up an additional 200 events in optimal locations would improve access: the average distance to the nearest parkrun event would improve by 1.22 km, from 4.65 km to 3.43 km, and approximately 82% of the English population would live within 5 km of a parkrun event. CONCLUSION: Over two-thirds of the English population live within 5 km of a parkrun event, and contrary to our expectation, we find that geographic access is slightly better for those living in more deprived communities. Creating additional events may improve geographic access, but effective strategies will still be needed to increase engagement in new and existing events by those living in socio-economically deprived areas.

Exercício Físico , Parques Recreativos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pobreza , Características de Residência
Rev Sci Instrum ; 87(2): 02B937, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26932109


The transport of intense ion beams is affected by the collective behavior of this kind of multi-particle and multi-species system. The space charge expressed by the generalized perveance dominates the dynamical process of thermalisation, which leads to emittance growth. To prevent changes of intrinsic beam properties and to reduce the intensity dependent focusing forces, space charge compensation seems to be an adequate solution. In the case of positively charged ion beams, electrons produced by residual gas ionization and secondary electrons provide the space charge compensation. The influence of the compensation particles on the beam transport and the local degree of space charge compensation is given by different beam properties as well as the ion beam optics. Especially for highly charged ion beams, space charge compensation in combination with poor vacuum conditions leads to recombination processes and therefore increased beam losses. Strategies for providing a compensation-electron reservoir at very low residual gas pressures will be discussed.

Minerva Stomatol ; 60(1-2): 83-6, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21252852


Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a malignant tumor which occurs frequently in hard palate associated with minor salivary glands. The lesion generally presents as a painful slow growing mass and it is characterized by recurrences and distant metastasis resulting in a poor prognosis for the patient. This paper reports an atypical adenoid cystic carcinoma with palatal perforation which occurred in a young woman. Initial diagnostic hypothesis were necrotizing sialometaplasia and lues. Although adenoid cystic carcinoma is common in hard palate, cases with palatal perforation are uncommon and may lead to delay in diagnosis and therapy.

Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Palato Duro/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândulas Salivares Menores/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Radiografia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico por imagem , Sialometaplasia Necrosante/diagnóstico , Sífilis/diagnóstico