Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 33
Filtrar
2.
Neuro Oncol ; 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-risk medulloblastoma are defined by the presence of metastatic disease and/or incomplete resection and/or unfavorable histopathology and/or tumors with MYC amplification. We aimed to assess the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and define the molecular characteristics associated with PFS in patients aged 5 to 19 years with newly diagnosed high-risk medulloblastoma treated according to the phase 2 trial PNET HR+5. METHODS: All children received postoperative induction chemotherapy (etoposide and carboplatin), followed by 2 high-dose thiotepa courses (600 mg/m 2) with hematological stem cell support. At the latest 45 days after the last stem cell rescue, patients received risk-adapted craniospinal radiation therapy. Maintenance treatment with temozolomide was planned to start between 1-3 months after the end of radiotherapy. The primary endpoint was PFS. Outcome and safety analyses were per protocol (all patients who received at least one dose of induction chemotherapy). RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (median age, 8 years; range, 5-19) were enrolled. The median follow-up was 7.1 years (range: 3.4-9.0). The 3 and 5-year PFS with their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were 78% (65-88) and 76% (63-86), and the 3 and 5-year OS were 84% (72-92) and 76% (63-86), respectively. Medulloblastoma subtype was a statistically significant prognostic factor (p-value=0.039) with large-cell/anaplastic being of worse prognosis, as well as molecular subgroup (p-value=0.012) with SHH and group 3 being of worse prognosis than WNT and group 4. Therapy was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: This treatment based on high-dose chemotherapy and conventional radiotherapy resulted in a high survival rate in children with newly diagnosed high-risk medulloblastoma.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700439

RESUMO

The nucleoside analogue, 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2CDA), was reported to be an active treatment for childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) without risk organ (RO-) involvement. However, we lack data on long-term effects of 2CDA treatment, including the disease reactivation rate, permanent sequelae and long-term tolerance. This study included 44 children from the French LCH registry, treated for a RO- LCH with 2CDA monotherapy (median number of six courses). The median age at the beginning of 2CDA was 3·6 years (range, 0·3-19·7 years) and the median follow-up after was 5·4 years (range, 0·6-15·1 years). Objective response to 2CDA was observed in 25 patients (56·8%), while six patients (13·6%) had stable disease and 13 patients (29·5%) exhibited progressive disease. Among patients without progression, only two experienced disease reactivation after 2CDA discontinuation. The five-year cumulative incidence of disease progression or reactivation after 2CDA therapy initiation was 34·3%. The lymphopenia reported in all cases [72% below absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) of 0·5 G/l], was addressed with appropriate prophylactic measures. Other toxicities above grade 2 were uncommon, and no second malignant neoplasm or neuropathy was reported. The five-year overall survival was 97·7%. In conclusion, we could confirm that 2CDA monotherapy was a beneficial long-term therapy for treating patients with RO- LCH. Appropriate management of induced immune deficiency is mandatory.

5.
Bull Cancer ; 107(6): 629-632, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387061

RESUMO

Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, many recommendations have been made. However, the very nature of acute lymphoblastic leukemias and their treatment in children and adolescents led the Leukemia Committee of the French Society for the fight against cancers and leukemias in children and adolescents (SFCE) to propose more specific recommendations, even if data for this population are still scarce. They may have to evolve according to the rapid evolution of knowledge on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Risco , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação , Avaliação de Sintomas
6.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(3): 259-268, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028812

RESUMO

Relapse of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) after first allogenic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a fatal complication. Sixty-five children transplanted for AML were included in a prospective national study from June 2005 to July 2008 to explore the feasibility of preemptive immune modulation based on the monitoring of blood chimerism. Relapse occurred in 23 patients (35%). The median time between the last complete chimerism and relapse was 13.5 days (2-138). Prompt discontinuation of cyclosporin and the administration of donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) based on chimerism monitoring failed as a preemptive tool, either for detecting relapse or certifying long-term remission.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunomodulação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Doadores de Tecidos , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue , Aloenxertos , Criança , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(31): 2857-2865, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Off-label use of vemurafenib (VMF) to treat BRAFV600E mutation-positive, refractory, childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients from 12 countries took VMF 20 mg/kg/d. They were classified according to risk organ involvement: liver, spleen, and/or blood cytopenia. The main evaluation criteria were adverse events (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [version 4.3]) and therapeutic responses according to Disease Activity Score. RESULTS: LCH extent was distributed as follows: 44 with positive and 10 with negative risk organ involvement. Median age at diagnosis was 0.9 years (range, 0.1 to 6.5 years). Median age at VMF initiation was 1.8 years (range, 0.18 to 14 years), with a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 4.3 to 57 months), whereas median treatment duration was 13.9 months (for 855 patient-months). At 8 weeks, 38 complete responses and 16 partial responses had been achieved, with the median Disease Activity Score decreasing from 7 at diagnosis to 0 (P < .001). Skin rash, the most frequent adverse event, affected 74% of patients. No secondary skin cancer was observed. Therapeutic plasma VMF concentrations (range, 10 to 20 mg/L) seemed to be safe and effective. VMF discontinuation for 30 patients led to 24 LCH reactivations. The blood BRAFV600E allele load, assessed as circulating cell-free DNA, decreased after starting VMF but remained positive (median, 3.6% at diagnosis, and 1.6% during VMF treatment; P < .001) and was associated with a higher risk of reactivation at VMF discontinuation. None of the various empirical therapies (hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, cladribine and cytarabine, anti-MEK agent, vinblastine, etc) used for maintenance could eradicate the BRAFV600E clone. CONCLUSION: VMF seemed safe and effective in children with refractory BRAFV600E-positive LCH. Additional studies are needed to find effective maintenance therapy approaches.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Vemurafenib/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resistência a Medicamentos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vemurafenib/efeitos adversos
8.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1786-1791, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082473

RESUMO

Gonadal impairment is an important late effect with a significant impact on quality of life of transplanted patients. The aim of this study was to compare gonadal function after busulfan (Bu) or treosulfan (Treo) conditioning regimens in pre- and postpubertal children. This retrospective, multicenter study included children transplanted in pediatric European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers between 1992 and 2012 who did not receive gonadotoxic chemoradiotherapy before the transplant. We evaluated 137 patients transplanted in 25 pediatric EBMT centers. Median age at transplant was 11.04 years (range, 5 to 18); 89 patients were boys and 48 girls. Eighty-nine patients were prepubertal at transplant and 48 postpubertal. One hundred eighteen children received Bu and 19 Treo. A higher proportion of girls treated with Treo in the prepubertal stage reached spontaneous puberty compared with those treated with Bu (P = .02). Spontaneous menarche was more frequent after Treo than after Bu (P < .001). Postpubertal boys and girls treated with Treo had significantly lower luteinizing hormone levels (P = .03 and P = .04, respectively) compared with the Bu group. Frequency of gonadal damage associated with Treo was significantly lower than that observed after Bu. These results need to be confirmed in a larger population.


Assuntos
Bussulfano/análogos & derivados , Gônadas/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Puberdade Precoce , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Gônadas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Puberdade Precoce/induzido quimicamente , Puberdade Precoce/metabolismo , Puberdade Precoce/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMJ Open ; 8(7): e022409, 2018 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049701

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe haemophilia is a rare disease characterised by spontaneous bleeding from early childhood, which may lead to various complications, especially in joints. It is nowadays possible to avoid these complications thanks to substitutive therapies for which the issue of adherence is major. The transition from adolescence to adulthood in young people with severe haemophilia is a critical period as it is associated with a high risk of lack of adherence to healthcare, which might have serious consequences on daily activities and on quality of life. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We present the protocol for a cross-sectional, observational, multicentric study to assess the differences between adolescents and young adults with severe haemophilia in France through the transition process, especially on adherence to healthcare. This study is based on a mixed methods design, with two complementary and consecutive phases, comparing data from a group of adolescents (aged 14-17 years) with those from a group of young adults (aged 20-29 years). The quantitative phase focuses on the determinants (medical, organisational, sociodemographic and social and psychosocial and behavioural factors) of adherence to healthcare (considered as a marker of the success of transition). The qualitative phase explores participants' views in more depth to explain and refine the results from the quantitative phase. Eligible patients are contacted by the various Haemophilia Treatment Centres participating in the French national registry FranceCoag. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the French Ethics Committee and by the French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (number: 2016-A01034-47). Study findings will be disseminated to the scientific and medical community in peer-reviewed journals and presented at scientific meetings. Results will be popularised to be communicated via the French association for people with haemophilia to participants and to the general public. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02866526; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/terapia , Transição para Assistência do Adulto , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Desempenho Acadêmico , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares , Feminino , França , Hemofilia A/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Fatores de Proteção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Classe Social , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 58(12): 1541-1549, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791011

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that polymorphisms of genes coding for transporters or enzymes may partially explain the large between subject variability reported for methotrexate (MTX) pharmacokinetics (PK). This prospective study aimed to develop a population PK-pharmacogenetic model to evaluate the part of between-subject variability due to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in transporters and enzyme genes implicated in MTX distribution and elimination. MTX concentrations and 54 SNPs (located in ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC2, ABCC3, ABCC4, ABCG2, SLC19A1, SLCO1B1, and UGT1A1 genes) were analyzed in patients treated with MTX included in the OS2006/sarcoma-09 trial (a multicenter, open-label, phase III trial, ClinicalTrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00470223). PK data were analyzed using the nonlinear mixed-effect modeling software program Monolix. The influence of each SNP was evaluated using a stepwise procedure under additive, recessive, or dominant genetic model. The likelihood ratio test was used to test the effect of each SNP on PK parameters. Overall, 187 patients with 7898 MTX blood concentrations were included in the PK-pharmacogenetic analysis. A 2-compartment model adequately described the data. Although high-dose MTX dosing recommendations in pediatric patients are currently based on body surface area, body weight was more predictive of clearance between-subject variability than body surface area. The most significant polymorphism associated with MTX clearance was rs13120400 (on the ABCG2 gene) under the recessive genetic model (P < .0001). GG genotype carriers for rs13120400 appeared to have a moderate decrease in MTX exposure compared to AA or GA carriers.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Metotrexato/farmacocinética , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/sangue , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Criança , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/sangue , Metotrexato/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 25(10): 1170-1172, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28722703

RESUMO

About one third of patients with rhabdoid tumors (RT) harbor a heterozygous germline variant in SMARCB1. Molecular diagnosis therefore keeps a crucial place in the diagnosis of RT, and genetic counseling should be systematically recommended. However, immunohistochemistry has progressively replaced molecular tools to assess the status of SMARCB1 in tumors; the necessity of analyzing SMARCB1 status in the tumor may thus be less considered by neuropathologists and pediatric neuro-oncologists. In the present manuscript as aforementioned, we report on two patients with bifocal RT in the first month of life and in whom no germline variant was initially found in the SMARCB1 coding sequence. Careful analysis of SMARCB1 status in the tumors revealed that only one of the two inactivating hits was found in the coding sequence. By sequencing the tumor cells RNA, we were able to detect an insertion with an abnormal sequence, due to the same intronic variant of SMARCB1, which led to the exonisation of the first intron. This cryptic variant was absent in the germline DNA of both patients. Of note, we previously reported one patient with the same deep intronic variant in the germline in a soft tissue RT. To our mind, this additional report on two patients clearly demonstrates that this intronic variant is a new hotspot that should now be systematically added to the germline screening of SMARCB1. We therefore recommend searching for and cautiously interpreting germline analysis if SMARCB1 has not been extensively studied in the tumor.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Íntrons , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Proteína SMARCB1/genética , Teratoma/genética , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Proteína SMARCB1/metabolismo , Teratoma/diagnóstico
13.
Ann Hematol ; 94(8): 1401-6, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25862234

RESUMO

While the vast majority of pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is curable, the prognosis of early relapses and refractory diseases remains poor. Recently, the combination of gemcitabine, vinorelbine, and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (GVD) displayed encouraging results on adults with relapsed/refractory diseases. Here, we retrospectively report the results of the GVD salvage regimen on four pediatric patients of our ward with a heavily pretreated relapsed/refractory HL. Three of them had nodular sclerosis subtype. They achieved a complete remission after two, three, or four courses of GVD and received high-dose chemotherapy followed by a stem-cell transplantation (auto-auto, auto-allo, and auto). They have been in sustained remission respectively for almost 2, 4, and 5 years. The fourth patient had a lymphocyte-depleted subtype which was initially diagnosed as anaplastic large cell lymphoma. After four courses of GVD, his disease stabilized then progressed again. In total, 15 cycles of GVD were applied to the patients. The toxicity of each course of GVD was mainly hematologic. No cardiotoxicity occurred despite a prior exposure to anthracyclines and radiotherapy. Thus, the GVD combination seems to be an effective pre-transplant rescue treatment for pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Criança , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Vinorelbina
14.
Ann Hematol ; 94(2): 187-93, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25193356

RESUMO

The dicentric chromosome (9;20) (dic(9;20)) is described in 2 % of childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the most reliable method to identify dic(9;20) when compared with conventional cytogenetics. To define the prognostic importance of dic(9;20), we evaluated treatment response and patient survival. This was a retrospective study in three French university centres. Patients' clinical and laboratory characteristics and treatment response are described. Nine children with dic(9;20) have been identified since 1995. All patients had at least one poor prognostic feature either among the clinical features, the initial laboratory results or in the initial treatment response: central nervous system involvement (2/9), high median leucocyte count (≥50 G/L) (8/9) and poor response to prednisone (2/9). All patients were in complete cytological remission after induction therapy but only three had a good molecular response with minimal residual disease (MRD) <10(-3). Five out of nine patients relapsed and two died, 4 and 12 months after diagnosis, respectively. The event-free survival rate in this population was 44 % (95 % confidence interval (CI) = 0.09-0.79) and overall survival 78 % (95 % CI = 0.51-1.05). In this population, dic(9;20) is associated with a relatively poor prognosis. Patients showing dic(9;20), whether this cytogenetic abnormality is associated with other poor prognostic factors or not, should be identified at the outset in order to be offered a more intensive treatment protocol.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 20/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lactente , Cariótipo , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Br J Haematol ; 169(2): 249-61, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25522886

RESUMO

Relapse after transplantation is a major cause of treatment failure in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Here, we report the findings of a prospective national study designed to investigate the feasibility of immune intervention in children in first or subsequent remission following myeloablative conditioning. This study included 133 children who received a transplant for ALL between 2005 and 2008. Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) based on T cell receptor/immunoglobulin gene rearrangements was measured on days -30, 30, 90 and 150 post-transplantation. Ciclosporin treatment was rapidly discontinued and donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) were programmed for patients with a pre- or post-transplant MRD status ≥10(-3) . Only nine patients received DLI. Pre- and post-transplant MRD status, and the duration of ciclosporin were independently associated with 5-year overall survival (OS), which was 62·07% for the whole cohort. OS was substantially higher in patients cleared of MRD than in those with persistent MRD (52·3% vs. 14·3%, respectively). Only pre-transplant MRD status (Hazard Ratio 2·57, P = 0·04) and duration of ciclosporin treatment (P < 0·001) were independently associated with relapse. The kinetics of chimerism were not useful for predicting relapse, whereas MRD monitoring up to 90 d post-transplantation was a valuable prognostic tool to guide therapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Quimeras de Transplante , Transferência Adotiva , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Proteomics ; 11(1): 31, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25136288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, the major prognostic factors for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), age, white blood cell count and chromosomal alterations are initially taken into account for the risk stratification of patients. In the light of protein marker studies to classify subtypes of Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia efficiently, we have compared the lymphoblastes proteome in Childhood ALL in accordance with the presence of t(12;21), indicator of good prognosis, usually. METHODS: Protein expression in pre-B2 lymphoblastic cells, collected from residual bone marrow cells after diagnostic procedures, was analyzed using two dimensional gel electrophoresis protocol. Protein spots whose average normalized volumes were statistically different in the two patients groups (n = 13; student t test p < 0.01), were excised. Tryptic peptides were then analyzed using a nano-LC1200 system coupled to a 6340 Ion Trap mass spectrometer equipped with a HPLC-chip cube interface. The tandem mass spectrometry peak lists extracted using the DataAnalysis program, were compared with the protein database Mascot Daemon. RESULTS: We focused on twelve spots corresponding to sixteen identified candidate proteins among the 26 found differentially expressed (p ≤ 0.05) regarding the presence of t(12;21). Among over expressed proteins, two proteins were implicated in cellular growth arrest (i.e. calponine 2, p ≤ 0.001 and phosphatidylinositol transfer protein beta, p ≤ 0.001) in accordance with good prognosis, while two other proteins favored cell cycle proliferation (i.e. methionine adenosyl transferase 2ß, p ≤ 0.005 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleo-proteins A2 p ≤ 0.01) and could therefore be good marker candidates of aggressiveness. Level of expression of proteasome subunit beta type-2 (p ≤ 0.01) and protein casein kinase 2α (p ≤ 0.01) which both favored apoptosis, deubiquitinating enzyme OTUB1 (p ≤ 0.05) and MLL septin-like fusion protein MSF-B, septin 9 i4 (p ≤ 0.01) were in accord with a good prognosis related to t(12;21) lymphoblasts. CONCLUSION: By drawing up the protein map of leukemic cells, these new data identified marker candidates of leukemic aggressiveness and new t(12;21) patients subgroups. These preliminary results will be in the near future confirmed by using a larger sample of pre-B2 childhood ALLs from national lymphoblastic cell collections.

17.
Br J Haematol ; 165(3): 392-401, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24479958

RESUMO

Minimal residual disease (MRD) is a major predictive factor of the cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Haematopoietic cell transplantation is a treatment option for patients at high risk of relapse. Between 2005 and 2008, we conducted a prospective study evaluating the feasibility and efficacy of the reduction of immunosuppressive medication shortly after a non-ex vivo T depleted myeloablative transplantation. Immunoglobulin (Ig)H/T-cell receptor MRD 30 d before transplant could be obtained in 122 of the 133 cases of high-risk paediatric ALL enrolled. There were no significant demographic differences except remission status (first or second complete remission) between the 95 children with MRD <10(-3) and the 27 with MRD ≥10(-3) . Multivariate analysis identified sex match and MRD as being significantly associated with 5-year survival. MRD ≥10(-3) compromised the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (43·6 vs. 16·7%). Complete remission status and stem cell source did not modify the relationship between MRD and prognosis. Thus, pre-transplant MRD is still a major predictor of outcome for ALL. The MRD-guided strategy resulted in survival for 72·3% of patients with MRD<10(-3) and 40·4% of those with MRD ≥10(-3).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/imunologia , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Bull Acad Natl Med ; 197(4-5): 877-86; discussion 886, 2013.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25518156

RESUMO

The toxicity of cancer therapies can affect all organs and tissues. Some treatments damage spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), with a risk of infertility. Storage and reimplantation of frozen testicular tissue is a recent approach tofertilitypreservationfor young boys. However, thawed frozen prepubertal testicular tissue must undergo a maturation process to restore sperm production. This process, currently being studied in animal models, can be achieved by in vivo transplantation of SSCs into seminiferous tubules or by testicular grafting, possibly following in vitro maturation.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Reimplante , Testículo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Animais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Criopreservação/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias/terapia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Túbulos Seminíferos , Espermatogônias , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos da radiação , Transplante Autólogo , Transplante Heterotópico
19.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 19(1): 62-8, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22892550

RESUMO

Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers curative potential for beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM), it is associated with a variable but significant incidence of graft rejection. We studied the French national experience for improvement over time and the potential benefit of antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Between December 1985 and December 2007, 108 patients with beta-TM underwent HSCT in 21 different French transplantation centers. The majority of patients received a matched sibling transplant (n = 96) and a busulfan- and cyclophosphamide-based conditioning regimen (n = 95), also with ATG in 57 cases. Ninety-five of the 108 patients survived, with a median follow-up of 12 years. Probabilities of 15-year survival and thalassemia-free survival after first HSCT were 86.8% and 69.4%, respectively. Graft failure occurred in 24 patients, 11 of whom underwent a second HSCT. The use of ATG was associated with a decrease in rejection rate from 35% to 10%. Thalassemia-free survival improved significantly with time, reaching 83% in the 54 patients undergoing HSCT after 1994 (median time of HSCT). In view of the increased risk of graft rejection after matched sibling HSCT, current French national guidelines recommend, for all children at risk for beta-TM, the systematic addition of ATG to the myeloablative conditioning regimen and special attention to optimize transfusion and chelation therapy in the pretransplantation period.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Talassemia beta/mortalidade , Talassemia beta/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Agonistas Mieloablativos/administração & dosagem , Irmãos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20122012 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22707696

RESUMO

The report describes the case of a young male with a malignant teratoma which was followed by an acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia sharing similar chromosomal abnormalities. In leukemic cells, the authors have obtained cytogenetic evidence by fluorescent in situ hybridisation technique suggesting that this leukaemia arose directly from the germ cell tumour (GCT). The patient received allogenic bone marrow transplantation, which unfortunately, did not prevent the patient to relapse with an undifferentiated sarcoma containing rhabdomyosarcoma components, as well as reappearance of a residual teratoma with metastasis. The treatment strategy for malignant transformation of a GCT seems to be unpredictable and should be dictated by the malignant tissue counterpart. Except for acute leukaemia, unresectable or metastatic settings will generally require multi-modal therapy including chemotherapy, in addition to loco regional approaches. Additionally, long or even a life time follow-up is necessary in patients with poor prognostic characteristics.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Leucemia Mieloide/terapia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/terapia , Teratoma/terapia , Adolescente , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide/genética , Masculino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/complicações , Neoplasias do Mediastino/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/terapia , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA