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1.
PLoS Genet ; 16(5): e1008818, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469866

RESUMO

The Hippo signalling pathway and its central effector YAP regulate proliferation of cardiomyocytes and growth of the heart. Using genetic models in mice we show that the increased proliferation of embryonal and postnatal cardiomyocytes due to loss of the Hippo-signaling component SAV1 depends on the Myb-MuvB (MMB) complex. Similarly, proliferation of postnatal cardiomyocytes induced by constitutive active YAP requires MMB. Genome studies revealed that YAP and MMB regulate an overlapping set of cell cycle genes in cardiomyocytes. Protein-protein interaction studies in cell lines and with recombinant proteins showed that YAP binds directly to B-MYB, a subunit of MMB, in a manner dependent on the YAP WW domains and a PPXY motif in B-MYB. Disruption of the interaction by overexpression of the YAP binding domain of B-MYB strongly inhibits the proliferation of cardiomyocytes. Our results point to MMB as a critical downstream effector of YAP in the control of cardiomyocyte proliferation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/química , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Transativadores/química , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Sítios de Ligação , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/química , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Complexos Multiproteicos/genética , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/química , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ratos
2.
Mol Pharm ; 17(6): 1835-1847, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315193

RESUMO

Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase of the family of statins have been suggested as therapeutic options in various tumors. Atorvastatin is a statin with the potential to cross the blood-brain barrier; however, the concentrations necessary for a cytotoxic effect against cancer cells exceed the concentrations achievable via oral administration, which made the development of a novel atorvastatin formulation necessary. We characterized the drug loading and basic physicochemical characteristics of micellar atorvastatin formulations and tested their cytotoxicity against a panel of different glioblastoma cell lines. In addition, activity against tumor spheroids formed from mouse glioma and mouse cancer stem cells, respectively, was evaluated. Our results show good activity of atorvastatin against all tested cell lines. Interestingly, in the three-dimensional (3D) models, growth inhibition was more pronounced for the micellar formulation compared to free atorvastatin. Finally, atorvastatin penetration across a blood-brain barrier model obtained from human induced-pluripotent stem cells was evaluated. Our results suggest that the presented micelles may enable much higher serum concentrations than possible by oral administration; however, if transport across the blood-brain barrier is sufficient to reach the therapeutic atorvastatin concentration for the treatment of glioblastoma via intravenous administration remains unclear.

3.
Oncol Res Treat ; 39(7-8): 424-31, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27486873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The non-interventional study CONIFER was designed to assess the safety and clinical practicability of deferasirox for the treatment of transfusional iron overload in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. METHODS: Patients included in the study were diagnosed with MDS and received at least 1 treatment with deferasirox. The observation period covered the time from the initial visit until the last follow-up. RESULTS: The data of 99 patients with MDS scored mainly as International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) low and intermediate 1 were evaluated. The mean age of the participants was 75 years and 58% of the patients were male. Iron overload was assessed by serum ferritin level (mean baseline serum ferritin 2,080 ± 1,244 µg/l). Patients were treated for a mean duration of 16 months (mean daily dose at baseline 11.8 ± 7.0 mg/kg). Stratification of serum ferritin levels by deferasirox dose showed a reduction at the higher but no reduction at the lower dose (< 15 mg/kg vs. ≥ 15 mg/kg and < 20 mg/kg vs. ≥ 20 mg/kg). The majority of patients (81%) were affected by at least 1 adverse event, with decreased renal creatinine clearance being the most frequent. CONCLUSION: Higher doses (≥ 15 mg/kg) of deferasirox effectively and safely reduced serum ferritin levels in MDS patients with transfusional iron overload.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Benzoatos/administração & dosagem , Gastroenteropatias/induzido quimicamente , Sobrecarga de Ferro/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Reação Transfusional , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benzoatos/efeitos adversos , Deferasirox , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Quelantes de Ferro/administração & dosagem , Quelantes de Ferro/efeitos adversos , Sobrecarga de Ferro/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Triazóis/efeitos adversos
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