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2.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157397

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by myocardial fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) use has not been characterized in this population but is considered for symptomatic patients with severe LV dysfunction (SLVD) receiving guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT). We evaluated ICD utilization and efficacy in patients with DMD. Retrospective cohort study of DMD patients from 17 centers across North America between January 2, 2005 and December 31, 2015. ICD use and its effect on survival were evaluated in patients with SLVD defined as ejection fraction (EF) < 35% and/ or shortening fraction (SF) < 16% on final echocardiogram. SLVD was present in 57/436 (13.1%) patients, of which 12 (21.1%) died during the study period. Of these 12, (mean EF 20.9 ± 6.2% and SF 13.7 ± 7.2%), 8 received GDMT, 5 received steroids, and none received an ICD. ICDs were placed in 9/57 (15.8%) patients with SLVD (mean EF 31.2 ± 8.5% and SF 10.3 ± 4.9%) at a mean age of 20.4 ± 6.3 years; 8/9 received GDMT, 7 received steroids, and all were alive at study end; mean ICD duration was 36.1 ± 26.2 months. Nine ICDs were implanted at six different institutions, associated with two appropriate shocks for ventricular tachycardia in two patients, no inappropriate shocks, and one lead fracture. ICD use may be associated with improved survival and minimal complications in DMD cardiomyopathy with SLVD. However, inconsistent GDMT utilization may be a significant confounder. Future studies should define optimal indications for ICD implantation in patients with DMD cardiomyopathy.

3.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 41(4): 764-771, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016582

RESUMO

As survival and neuromuscular function in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have improved with glucocorticoid (GC) therapy and ventilatory support, cardiac deaths are increasing. Little is known about risk factors for cardiac and non-cardiac causes of death in DMD. A multi-center retrospective cohort study of 408 males with DMD, followed from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2015, was conducted to identify risk factors for death. Those dying of cardiac causes were compared to those dying of non-cardiac causes and to those alive at study end. There were 29 (7.1%) deaths at a median age of 19.5 (IQR: 16.9-24.6) years; 8 (27.6%) cardiac, and 21 non-cardiac. Those living were younger [14.9 (IQR: 11.0-19.1) years] than those dying of cardiac [18 (IQR 15.5-24) years, p = 0.03] and non-cardiac [19 (IQR: 16.5-23) years, p = 0.002] causes. GC use was lower for those dying of cardiac causes compared to those living [2/8 (25%) vs. 304/378 (80.4%), p = 0.001]. Last ejection fraction prior to death/study end was lower for those dying of cardiac causes compared to those living (37.5% ± 12.8 vs. 54.5% ± 10.8, p = 0.01) but not compared to those dying of non-cardiac causes (37.5% ± 12.8 vs. 41.2% ± 19.3, p = 0.58). In a large DMD cohort, approximately 30% of deaths were cardiac. Lack of GC use was associated with cardiac causes of death, while systolic dysfunction was associated with death from any cause. Further work is needed to ensure guideline adherence and to define optimal management of systolic dysfunction in males with DMD with hopes of extending survival.

4.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(2): e13589, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562687

RESUMO

Heart transplant providers often focus on post-transplant outcomes when making donor decisions, potentially at the expense of higher waitlist mortality. This study aimed to assess public opinion regarding the selection of donor hearts and the balance between pre- and post-transplant risk. The authors generated a survey to investigate public opinion regarding donor acceptance. The survey was shared freely online across social media platforms in April-May 2019. A total of 718 individuals responded to the survey, with an equal distribution between patients and family members. Respondents consistently favored post-transplant outcomes over waitlist outcomes. About 83.9% of respondents favored a hospital with longer waitlist times, worse waitlist outcomes, but excellent post-transplant survival over a hospital with short waitlist times, a high waitlist survival, and inferior post-transplant survival. This preference was no different between pediatric and adult populations (P = .7), patient and family members (P = .935), or those with a pre- vs post-transplant perspective (P = .985). Patients and their family members consistently favor improved post-transplant survival over waitlist survival when considering the risks of accepting a donor organ. These findings suggest that current practice patterns of donor selection align with the opinions of patients and family members with heart failure or who have undergone heart transplantation.

5.
Circulation ; 141(8): 641-651, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Fontan operation creates a total cavopulmonary connection, a circulation in which the importance of pulmonary vascular resistance is magnified. Over time, this circulation leads to deterioration of cardiovascular efficiency associated with a decline in exercise performance. Rigorous clinical trials aimed at improving physiology and guiding pharmacotherapy are lacking. METHODS: The FUEL trial (Fontan Udenafil Exercise Longitudinal) was a phase III clinical trial conducted at 30 centers. Participants were randomly assigned udenafil, 87.5 mg twice daily, or placebo in a 1:1 ratio. The primary outcome was the between-group difference in change in oxygen consumption at peak exercise. Secondary outcomes included between-group differences in changes in submaximal exercise at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold, the myocardial performance index, the natural log of the reactive hyperemia index, and serum brain-type natriuretic peptide. RESULTS: Between 2017 and 2019, 30 clinical sites in North America and the Republic of Korea randomly assigned 400 participants with Fontan physiology. The mean age at randomization was 15.5±2 years; 60% of participants were male, and 81% were white. All 400 participants were included in the primary analysis with imputation of the 26-week end point for 21 participants with missing data (11 randomly assigned to udenafil and 10 to placebo). Among randomly assigned participants, peak oxygen consumption increased by 44±245 mL/min (2.8%) in the udenafil group and declined by 3.7±228 mL/min (-0.2%) in the placebo group (P=0.071). Analysis at ventilatory anaerobic threshold demonstrated improvements in the udenafil group versus the placebo group in oxygen consumption (+33±185 [3.2%] versus -9±193 [-0.9%] mL/min, P=0.012), ventilatory equivalents of carbon dioxide (-0.8 versus -0.06, P=0.014), and work rate (+3.8 versus +0.34 W, P=0.021). There was no difference in change of myocardial performance index, the natural log of the reactive hyperemia index, or serum brain-type natriuretic peptide level. CONCLUSIONS: In the FUEL trial, treatment with udenafil (87.5 mg twice daily) was not associated with an improvement in oxygen consumption at peak exercise but was associated with improvements in multiple measures of exercise performance at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02741115.

6.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(1): e13647, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885147

RESUMO

Mental health concerns are associated with worse outcomes after adult heart transplant. Illness-specific anxiety is associated with worsened psychological well-being after other solid organ transplants but has never been characterized after pediatric heart transplant. This single-center cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate illness-specific and generalized anxiety after heart transplantation in adolescents. A novel 12-item PHTF, GAD-7, and the PedsQL were administered. Univariate associations of demographics, clinical features, and medication adherence as measured by immunosuppression standard deviation with the PHTF and GAD-7 scores were evaluated. Internal consistency and validity of the PHTF were examined. In total, 30 patients participated. The most common illness-specific fears were retransplantation, rejection, and more generally post-transplant complications. The PHTF had good internal consistency (Cronbach α = .88). Construct validity was demonstrated between PHTF and GAD-7 (r = .62) and PedsQL (r = -.54 to -.62). 23% endorsed moderate to severe generalized anxiety symptoms. More severe symptoms were associated with older age at survey (P = .03), older age at listing (P = .01) and having post-transplant complications (P = .004). Patients with moderate or severe symptoms were more likely to report late immunosuppression doses (P = .004). Illness-specific and generalized anxiety may be prevalent after pediatric heart transplant. Screening for anxiety in adolescents post-transplant may identify those at risk for adverse outcomes including non-adherence. The PHTF is a brief, valid, and reliable instrument identifying illness-specific anxiety in this population.

7.
Transl Pediatr ; 8(4): 290-301, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728322

RESUMO

Half a century has passed since the original Fontan palliation. In the interim, surgical and medical advancements have allowed more single ventricle patients to reach Fontan and long-term survival for Fontan patients to improve significantly. However, the risk for Fontan failure and need for heart transplantation remains. In this article we discuss mechanisms of Fontan failure, risk factors and special considerations for Fontan patients in both medical and surgical management around heart transplantation and provide an updated review of survival for Fontan patients after heart transplantation.

8.
Palliat Med ; : 269216319874689, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults undergoing heart transplantation experience risks of morbidity and mortality both pre- and post-transplant. To improve end-of-life care for this population, it is necessary to understand their medical and end-of-life decision-making preferences. AIM: (1) To examine adolescent/young adult decision-making involvement specific to heart transplant listing, and (2) to characterize their preferences specific to medical and end-of-life decision making. DESIGN: This cross-sectional research study utilized survey methods. Data were collected from October 2016 to March 2018. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Twelve adolescent and young adult patients listed for heart transplant (ages = 12-19 years) and one parent for each were enrolled at a single-center, US children's hospital. RESULTS: Consistent with their preferences, the majority of adolescent/young adult participants (82%) perceived a high level of involvement in the decision to be listed for transplant. Patient involvement in this decision was primarily by way of seeking advice or information from their parents and being asked to express their opinion from parents. Despite a preference among patients to discuss their prognosis and be involved in end-of-life decision making if seriously ill, only 42% of patients had discussed their end-of-life wishes with anyone. Few parents recounted having such discussions. Preferences regarding the timing and nature of end-of-life decision-making discussions varied. CONCLUSIONS: Although young people are involved in the decision to pursue heart transplantation, little attention is paid to involving them in discussions regarding end-of-life decision making in a manner that is consistent with individual preferences.

9.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(8): 1633-1637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468061

RESUMO

We sought to assess acute hemodynamic changes after implementation of negative extrathoracic pressure (NEP) in spontaneously breathing ambulatory Fontan patients with symptomatic heart failure. We hypothesized that application of NEP would result in an acute decrease in pulmonary artery pressure. Ten patients with clinical evidence of Fontan failure underwent baseline hemodynamic catheterization while breathing spontaneously. Hemodynamic measurements were then repeated after 30 min of continuous NEP. After 30 min of continuous NEP, 4/10 patients had a decrease in their Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg and one patient had a decrease by 1 mmHg. There were three patients that had an increase in Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg. In 7/10 patients, indexed pulmonary vascular resistance decreased by an average of 31%. In symptomatic Fontan patients with a favorable hemodynamic response to NEP during catheterization, potential benefit of longer-term NEP to improve clinical status should be explored.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Respiradores de Pressão Negativa , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
10.
Circulation ; : CIR0000000000000696, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256636

RESUMO

It has been 50 years since Francis Fontan pioneered the operation that today bears his name. Initially designed for patients with tricuspid atresia, this procedure is now offered for a vast array of congenital cardiac lesions when a circulation with 2 ventricles cannot be achieved. As a result of technical advances and improvements in patient selection and perioperative management, survival has steadily increased, and it is estimated that patients operated on today may hope for a 30-year survival of >80%. Up to 70 000 patients may be alive worldwide today with Fontan circulation, and this population is expected to double in the next 20 years. In the absence of a subpulmonary ventricle, Fontan circulation is characterized by chronically elevated systemic venous pressures and decreased cardiac output. The addition of this acquired abnormal circulation to innate abnormalities associated with single-ventricle congenital heart disease exposes these patients to a variety of complications. Circulatory failure, ventricular dysfunction, atrioventricular valve regurgitation, arrhythmia, protein-losing enteropathy, and plastic bronchitis are potential complications of the Fontan circulation. Abnormalities in body composition, bone structure, and growth have been detected. Liver fibrosis and renal dysfunction are common and may progress over time. Cognitive, neuropsychological, and behavioral deficits are highly prevalent. As a testimony to the success of the current strategy of care, the proportion of adults with Fontan circulation is increasing. Healthcare providers are ill-prepared to tackle these challenges, as well as specific needs such as contraception and pregnancy in female patients. The role of therapies such as cardiovascular drugs to prevent and treat complications, heart transplantation, and mechanical circulatory support remains undetermined. There is a clear need for consensus on how best to follow up patients with Fontan circulation and to treat their complications. This American Heart Association statement summarizes the current state of knowledge on the Fontan circulation and its consequences. A proposed surveillance testing toolkit provides recommendations for a range of acceptable approaches to follow-up care for the patient with Fontan circulation. Gaps in knowledge and areas for future focus of investigation are highlighted, with the objective of laying the groundwork for creating a normal quality and duration of life for these unique individuals.

12.
Prog Pediatr Cardiol ; 53: 11-14, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31360053

RESUMO

Background: As survival and neuromuscular function in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) improve with glucocorticoid therapy and respiratory advances, the proportion of cardiac deaths is increasing. Little is known about the use and outcomes of advanced heart failure (HF) therapies in this population. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 436 males with DMD was performed, from January 1, 2005-January 1, 2018, with the primary outcome being use of advanced HF therapies including: implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), left ventricular assist device (LVAD), and heart transplantation (HTX). Results: Nine subjects had an ICD placed, 2 of whom (22.2%) had appropriate shocks for ventricular tachycardia; 1 and 968 days after implant, and all of whom were alive at last follow-up; median 18 (IQR: 12.5-25.5) months from implant. Four subjects had a LVAD implanted with post-LVAD survival of 75% at 1 year; 2 remaining on support and 1 undergoing HTX. One subject was bridged to HTX with ICD and LVAD and was alive at last follow-up, 53 months after HTX. Conclusion: Advanced HF therapies may be used effectively in select subjects with DMD. Further studies are needed to better understand risk stratification for ICD use and optimal candidacy for LVAD implantation and HTX, with hopes of improving cardiac outcomes.

13.
Pediatr Transplant ; 23(3): e13373, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advancements in treatment and survival, pediatric organ failure and transplant populations continue to face significant risks of morbidity and mortality. Little scientific attention has been given to addressing the end-of-life care needs of this growing population of young people. This study characterized current practices, beliefs, and challenges specific to the disclosure of prognosis and end-of-life care topics among providers caring for pediatric organ failure and transplant populations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 144 healthcare providers actively caring for children, adolescents, and young adults with organ failure or solid organ transplant history. Participants completed an electronic survey measuring frequency and comfort in discussing the following topics with patients and parents: prognosis/survival statistics, re-transplantation, advance care planning (ACP), and death/dying. Descriptive statistics, two-sample t tests, and analysis of variance were used. RESULTS: Fewer than half of respondents regularly discuss prognosis/survival statistics and potential need for re-transplantation with their pediatric and young adult patients. Less than 20% of providers engage their pediatric patients in ACP discussions, and approximately 30% facilitate such discussions with young adult patients. Pediatric organ failure and transplant providers endorse a number of barriers specific to discussing these topics. CONCLUSION: Pediatric organ failure and transplant providers do not regularly discuss prognosis or end-of-life care topics with this patient population. Communication-focused intervention research is needed to improve honest and compassionate discussion of these topics that is aligned with both patients' and parents' needs and preferences.

14.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(4): 744-752, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710164

RESUMO

Prolonged pleural drainage is a common complication in patients after Fontan palliation and is associated with short- and long- term morbidities. Among many potential etiologies, prolonged drainage has an inflammatory component, but there are no descriptions of cytokines in Fontan pleural drainage to date. This study aimed to examine the inflammatory make-up of Fontan pleural drainage. This prospective age-range-matched cohort study recruited 25 patients undergoing Fontan procedure and 15 bi-ventricular patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Chest tube samples were taken on postoperative day (POD) 1-4, 7, and 10. Cytokines were measured using Bio-Plex Assays. Univariate comparisons were made in patient characteristics and cytokine levels. Median age was 3.7 y (IQR 2.8-3.9) for controls and 2.5 y (IQR 2.1-2.9) in Fontan patients (p = 0.02). Median drainage duration and daily volume was higher in Fontan patients (both p < 0.001). Inflammatory cytokines (IL-17A, IFN-y, MIP-1ß, and TNF-α) were higher in Fontan patients than controls (all p < 0.02). There was an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-8, MIP-1ß, and TNF-α) from POD1 to the last chest tube day (LCD) in Fontan patients (all p < 0.0001) and a decrease in the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (p = 0.001). There was no difference in cytokine concentration from POD1 to LCD among controls. There was a significant association with the cytokine concentration of TNF-α on POD1 and duration of chest tube drainage (p < 0.05). Inflammatory cytokine levels in the pleural fluid of Fontan patients are higher compared to bi-ventricular controls and rise over time where controls do not. This suggests ongoing localized inflammation that is not a result of CPB alone and may be an important contributor to pleural drainage in patients after the Fontan procedure.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Interleucinas/análise , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/metabolismo , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CCL3/análise , Tubos Torácicos , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Proteínas Quimioatraentes de Monócitos/análise , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
15.
ASAIO J ; 65(5): e47-e49, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507847

RESUMO

The utility of hemodynamic ramp studies in single ventricle patients supported by continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) is largely unknown. We report the novel use of the hemodynamic ramp test to optimize a 26 year-old Fontan-palliated single-ventricle patient supported with a continuous-flow ventricular assist device (Heartware HVAD). Modest improvements in Fontan hemodynamics resulted in significant and persistent clinical improvement and symptomatic relief.

16.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 38(1): 17-25, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of Fontan-associated protein-losing enteropathy's (PLE) severity, duration, and treatment on heart transplant (HTx) outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that long-standing PLE and PLE requiring more intensive therapy are associated with increased post-HTx mortality. METHODS: This 12-center, retrospective cohort study of post-Fontan patients with PLE referred for HTx from 2003 to 2015 involved collection of demographic, medical, surgical, and catheterization data, as well as PLE-specific data, including duration of disease, intensity/details of treatment, hospitalizations, and complications. Factors associated with waitlist and post-HTx outcomes and PLE resolution were sought. RESULTS: Eighty patients (median of 5 per center) were referred for HTx evaluation. Of 68 patients listed for HTx, 8 were removed due to deterioration, 4 died waiting, and 4 remain listed. In 52 patients undergoing HTx, post-HTx 1-month survival was 92% and 1-year survival was 83%. PLE-specific factors, including duration of PLE pre-HTx, pre-HTx hospitalizations, need for/frequency of albumin replacement, PLE therapies, and growth parameters had no association with post-HTx mortality. Immunosuppressant regimen was associated with mortality; standard mycophenolate mofetil immunotherapy was used in 95% of survivors compared with only 44% of non-survivors (p = 0.03). Rejection (53%) and infection (42%) post-HTx were common, but not associated with PLE-specific factors. PLE resolved completely in all but 1 HTx survivor at a median of 1 month (interquartile range 1 to 3 months); resolution was not affected by PLE-specific factors. CONCLUSIONS: PLE severity, duration, and treatment do not influence post-HTx outcome, but immunosuppressive regimen may have an impact on survival. PLE resolves in nearly all survivors.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(2): 357-365, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30343331

RESUMO

There are limited published data addressing the costs associated with pediatric heart transplantation and no studies evaluating the variation in costs across centers. We aimed to describe center variation in pediatric heart transplant costs and assess the association of transplant hospitalization costs with patient outcomes. Using a linkage between the Pediatric Health Information System and Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients databases, hospital costs were assessed for patients (< 18 years of age) undergoing heart transplantation (2007-2016). Severity-adjusted patient costs were calculated using generalized linear mixed-effects models with a random hospital intercept. Center variation in hospital cost was described after adjusting for the predicted risk of in-hospital mortality. Post-transplant survival was compared between low- and high-cost centers using Cox proportional hazard models. A total of 2156 patients were included from 24 centers. There was 3.7-fold variation in transplant hospitalization costs across centers, ranging from $329,477 to $1,226,507. Patients transplanted at high-cost centers have a higher predicted risk of in-hospital mortality (8.1% vs. 6.1%, p < 0.001). Both early (p = 0.008) and long-term (p = 0.003) post-transplant survival were better in patients transplanted at low-cost centers. Transplant at low-cost centers was associated with improved post-transplant survival, independent of patient-specific risk (adjusted hazard ratio 0.72; 95%CI 0.57-0.92, p = 0.008). There is wide variation in cost for pediatric heart transplant inpatient care among U.S. centers with low-cost centers demonstrating the best patient survival. Differences in patient populations likely contribute to these findings, but cannot account for all the variation seen. This suggests that variability in the delivery of care across centers may influence post-transplant survival.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração/economia , Custos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos
18.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(1): 110-115, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30159585

RESUMO

More children with single ventricle heart disease are surviving after Fontan surgery. This circulation has pervasive effects on multiple organ systems and has unique modes of failure. Many centers have created multidisciplinary programs to care for these patients. Our aim was to survey such programs to better understand current approaches to care. We hypothesized that significant variability in surveillance testing strategy would be present. Eleven academic institutions with established Fontan care programs performing a combined estimated 300 Fontan surgeries per year, with a total population of 1500-2000 Fontan patients, were surveyed using a REDCap survey regarding surveillance testing and basic practice philosophies. Fontan care programs were structured both as consultative services (64%) and as the primary clinical team (9%). Electrocardiograms (73%) and echocardiograms (64%) were most commonly obtained annually. Serum studies, including complete blood count (73%), complete metabolic panel (73%), and Brain-type natriuretic peptide (54%), were most commonly obtained annually. Hepatic testing consisted of liver ultrasound in most centers, obtained biennially (45%) or > every 2 years (45%). Liver biopsy was not routinely recommended (54%). Neurodevelopmental outcomes were assessed at most institutions (54%), with a median frequency of every 3-4 years. There is considerable variability in the surveillance testing regimen and management strategy after a Fontan procedure at surveyed programs. There is an urgent need for surveillance guidelines to reduce variability, define quality metrics, streamline collaborative practice, and prospective research to better understand the complex adaptations of the body to Fontan physiology.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 9(5): 575-581, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157743

RESUMO

In October 2017, a pediatric heart transplant summit was held in Seattle-the first of its kind internationally-which focused solely upon controversies in pediatric end-stage heart failure management and pediatric heart transplantation. We selected five of the most popular and contentious topics and asked the speakers to provide a position paper. Worldwide, the vast majority of programs perform only a handful of pediatric heart transplants a year. Because of this, these "orphan" areas of investigation provide an opportunity for us as a community to aggregate our collective knowledge, which may represent the only viable way that we might sort through these complex and controversial issues in the field. We hope this represents the first of many such conferences and that this initial selection of papers encourages us to begin this collaborative process.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Estados Unidos
20.
Am Heart J ; 201: 1-8, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29910047

RESUMO

The Fontan operation creates a circulation characterized by elevated central venous pressure and low cardiac output. Over time, these characteristics result in a predictable and persistent decline in exercise performance that is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality. A medical therapy that targets the abnormalities of the Fontan circulation might, therefore, be associated with improved outcomes. Udenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, has undergone phase I/II testing in adolescents who have had the Fontan operation and has been shown to be safe and well tolerated in the short term. However, there are no data regarding the long-term efficacy of udenafil in this population. The Fontan Udenafil Exercise Longitudinal (FUEL) Trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III clinical trial being conducted by the Pediatric Heart Network in collaboration with Mezzion Pharma Co, Ltd. This trial is designed to test the hypothesis that treatment with udenafil will lead to an improvement in exercise capacity in adolescents who have undergone the Fontan operation. A safety extension trial, the FUEL Open-Label Extension Trial (FUEL OLE), offers the opportunity for all FUEL subjects to obtain open-label udenafil for an additional 12 months following completion of FUEL, and evaluates the long-term safety and tolerability of this medication. This manuscript describes the rationale and study design for FUEL and FUEL OLE. Together, these trials provide an opportunity to better understand the role of medical management in the care of those who have undergone the Fontan operation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico
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