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1.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682330

RESUMO

Plasminogen deficiency is characterized by fibrin-rich pseudomembrane formation on all mucosal surfaces, particularly the conjunctiva. Respiratory system involvement is common; fibrin often obstructs the upper or lower respiratory tract, causing death. Although many treatments have been applied, no definitive treatment (especially of the respiratory involvement) yet exists. Although excision of tracheobronchial tree membranes affords temporary improvement, this should be performed only for patients in severe respiratory distress; the procedure triggers fibrin redeposition. Here, we share our experience with an 8-year-old plasminogen-deficient female with severe lung involvement; we successfully delivered local tissue plasminogen activator followed by nebulized fresh frozen plasma.

2.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 17(9): 959-973, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538732

RESUMO

The present guidelines are aimed at residents and board-certified physicians in the fields of dermatology, pediatrics, pediatric dermatology and pediatric rheumatology as well as policymakers and insurance funds. They were developed by dermatologists and pediatric dermatologists in collaboration with pediatric rheumatologists using a formal consensus process (S2k). The guidelines highlight topics such as disease severity, quality of life, treatment goals as well as problems associated with off-label drug therapy in children. Trigger factors and diagnostic aspects are discussed. The primary focus is on the various topical, systemic and UV-based treatment options available and includes recommendations for use and treatment algorithms. Other aspects addressed herein include vaccinations in children and adolescents with psoriasis as well as various disease subtypes such as guttate psoriasis, diaper psoriasis, pustular psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Finally, we also provide recommendations for imaging studies and the diagnostic workup to rule out tuberculosis prior to initiating systemic treatment. Note: This article constitutes part 2 of the Sk2 guidelines for the treatment of psoriasis in children and adolescents. Part 1 was published in last month's issue. It contained introductory remarks and addressed aspects of diagnosis and topical treatment.

4.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 116(31-32): 544, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554542
5.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 17(8): 856-870, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437363

RESUMO

The present guidelines are aimed at residents and board-certified physicians in the fields of dermatology, pediatrics, pediatric dermatology and pediatric rheumatology as well as policymakers and insurance funds. They were developed by dermatologists and pediatric dermatologists in collaboration with pediatric rheumatologists using a formal consensus process (S2k). The guidelines highlight topics such as disease severity, quality of life, treatment goals as well as problems associated with off-label drug therapy in children. Trigger factors and diagnostic aspects are discussed. The primary focus is on the various topical, systemic and UV-based treatment options available and includes recommendations for use and treatment algorithms. Other aspects addressed herein include vaccinations in children and adolescents with psoriasis as well as various disease subtypes such as guttate psoriasis, diaper psoriasis, pustular psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Finally, we also provide recommendations for imaging studies and the diagnostic workup to rule out tuberculosis prior to initiating systemic treatment. Note: This article constitutes part 1 of the Sk2 guidelines for the treatment of psoriasis in children and adolescents. Part 2 will be published in the next issue. It contains chapters on UV therapy, systemic treatment, tonsillectomy and antibiotics, vaccinations, guttate psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, complementary medicine, as well as imaging studies and diagnostic workup to rule out tuberculosis prior to systemic treatment.

8.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(2)2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28876531

RESUMO

Congenital plasminogen (Plg) deficiency leads to the development of ligneous membranes on mucosal surfaces. Here, we report our experience with local and intravenous fresh frozen plasma (FFP). We retrospectively reviewed medical files of 17 patients and their eight first-degree relatives. Conjunctivitis was the main complaint. Thirteen patients were treated both with intravenous and conjunctival FFP. Venous thrombosis did not develop in any. Genetic evaluation revealed heterogeneous mutations as well as polymorphisms. Diagnosis and treatment of Plg deficiency is challenging; topical and intravenous FFP may be an alternative treatment.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos , Conjuntivite/terapia , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/terapia , Plasma , Plasminogênio/deficiência , Pré-Escolar , Conjuntivite/diagnóstico , Conjuntivite/genética , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Polimorfismo Genético
9.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0183027, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28837586

RESUMO

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) is an inflammatory adipocytokine shown to interact in immune modulation in chronic inflammatory diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, cancer and obesity in adulthood. It is, however, not clear whether this association reflects a chronic elevation or acute inflammatory response. We analyzed NAMPT concentrations in distinct states of inflammation in 102 children and found consistently significantly increased NAMPT levels in subjects with acute infections. NAMPT concentrations in children with stable chronic inflammatory diseases were not significantly different, whereas in patients with acute relapse of chronic disease NAMPT was significantly higher than in children in remission or healthy controls. In states of low-grade inflammation (children with atopic disease or obesity) we did not detect alterations in NAMPT serum levels. NAMPT correlated positively with inflammatory markers such as CRP. The most predictive factor for NAMPT serum concentrations was leucocyte count and therein the neutrophil count. Furthermore, systemic circulating NAMPT levels were closely associated with NAMPT release from corresponding cultured PBMCs. In conclusion, NAMPT is selectively increased in states of acute but not chronic inflammation in children. The close relationship between systemic circulating NAMPT with leucocyte counts and release indicate that leucocytes most probably are the source of inflammation related NAMPT levels.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/enzimologia , Citocinas/sangue , Inflamação/enzimologia , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças Transmissíveis/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Masculino , Recidiva
10.
JCI Insight ; 2(15)2017 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28768900

RESUMO

Using genetic and biochemical approaches, we investigated proteins that regulate macrophage cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) and ABCA1-specific CEC (ABCA1 CEC), 2 functional assays that predict cardiovascular disease (CVD). Macrophage CEC and the concentration of HDL particles were markedly reduced in mice deficient in apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1) or apolipoprotein E (APOE) but not apolipoprotein A-IV (APOA4). ABCA1 CEC was markedly reduced in APOA1-deficient mice but was barely affected in mice deficient in APOE or APOA4. High-resolution size-exclusion chromatography of plasma produced 2 major peaks of ABCA1 CEC activity. The early-eluting peak, which coeluted with HDL, was markedly reduced in APOA1- or APOE-deficient mice. The late-eluting peak was modestly reduced in APOA1-deficient mice but little affected in APOE- or APOA4-deficient mice. Ion-exchange chromatography and shotgun proteomics suggested that plasminogen (PLG) accounted for a substantial fraction of the ABCA1 CEC activity in the peak not associated with HDL. Human PLG promoted cholesterol efflux by the ABCA1 pathway, and PLG-dependent efflux was inhibited by lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]. Our observations identify APOA1, APOE, and PLG as key determinants of CEC. Because PLG and Lp(a) associate with human CVD risk, interplay among the proteins might affect atherosclerosis by regulating cholesterol efflux from macrophages.

11.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 9(4): 360-365, 2017 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28515031

RESUMO

Acrodysostosis is a very rare congenital multisystem condition characterized by skeletal dysplasia with severe brachydactyly, midfacial hypoplasia, and short stature, varying degrees of intellectual disability, and possible resistance to multiple G protein-coupled receptor signalling hormones. Two distinct subtypes are differentiated: acrodysostosis type 1 resulting from defects in protein kinase type 1-α regulatory subunit and acrodysostosis type 2 caused by mutations in phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D). Most cases are sporadic. We report on a rare multigenerational familial case of acrodysostosis type 2 due to a novel autosomal dominantly inherited PDE4D mutation. A 3.5-year-old boy presented with short stature, midfacial hypoplasia, severe brachydactyly, developmental delay, and behavioural problems. Laboratory investigations revealed mild thyrotropin resistance. His mother shared some characteristic features, such as midfacial hypoplasia and severe brachydactyly, but did not show short stature, intellectual disability or hormonal resistance. Genetic analysis identified the identical, novel heterozygous missense mutation of the PDE4D gene c.569C>T (p.Ser190Phe) in both patients. This case illustrates the significant phenotypic variability of acrodysostosis even within one family with identical mutations. Hence, a specific clinical diagnosis of acrodysostosis remains challenging because of great interindividual variability and a substantial overlap of the two subtypes as well as with other related Gsα-cAMP-signalling-linked disorders.


Assuntos
Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 4/genética , Disostoses/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Adulto , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Núcleo Familiar , Fenótipo , Fosforilação , Serina/genética
12.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 142(8): e42-e50, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28431439

RESUMO

Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig. 90.6 % submitted their check-up booklets which were subsequently scanned, the data was digitalized and transmitted to a computerized form. Furthermore, data on social status (so-called Winkler-Index) were collected for each family using a structured questionnaire. The study population consisted of the families' oldest child for whom both data sets were available. Results The transmission of data from the check-up booklets was time-consuming and cost-intensive due to large datasets, uncoded diagnoses as well as the necessity of trained employees for transferring often illegible handwriting. Early diagnostic tests for children enjoy a high level of acceptance among all social classes. With increasing age, attendance rate decreases gradually. Only 83 % of the population with a lower social status attend the U9 test. The documentation of diagnoses in the check-up booklets was implausible because the frequency fluctuated heavily between the different check-up time points. With only less than 2 %, the documentation of psychosocial difficulties in a child was particularly surprising Conclusion It is not possible to draw conclusions regarding the prevalence of target diseases from the frequency of documented findings in the check-up booklets. In order to make the data both comparable and evaluable, documentation must be digitalized in the future.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Pediatria , Medicina Preventiva , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Família , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Haematologica ; 102(2): e52-e56, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27789675
14.
Arch Oral Biol ; 72: 75-86, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27552374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type I plasminogen deficiency (Plgdef) is an uncommon chronic inflammation of mucous membranes. Gingival enlargements usually proceed with progressive periodontal destruction and tooth-loss. Plasmin(ogen)-independent enzymatic mechanisms for fibrin clearance have already been discussed in the literature. Our primary objective was to verify, immunohistochemically, the occurrence of different enzymatic factors involved in tissue breakdown of inflamed compared to healthy gingiva. Secondly, we tried to find out, if these patients have a similar microbiological profile to the patients with known gingivitis and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of enzymes elastase, plasminogen (plg), cathepsin G, matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-7 and of glycoprotein fibrinogen were performed with gingival tissues from 3 healthy controls, 8 patients with Plgdef and 3 patients with gingivitis and periodontitis. Furthermore, plaque from 5 patients with plasminogen deficiency were also obtained to determine the microbiological profile. RESULTS: Significantly high numbers of elastase positive leukocytes were detected in all samples. Staining for MMP-3 and MMP-7 was seen in samples with gingivitis and periodontitis with a stronger staining in samples with periodontitis by Plgdef. Fibrinogen was detectable in all samples. Staining for plg was stronger in samples with periodontitis than in other samples. Staining for cathepsin G was weak in gingivitis and periodontitis. Subgingival microbial flora showed elevated colony forming units of Prevotella intermedia/nigrescens, Fusobacterium spp., Eikenella corrodens, Porphyromonas gingivalis and viridans streptococci. CONCLUSION: Strong staining of elastase, MMP-3 and MMP-7 and weak staining of plg in Plgdef samples supports the plasmin(ogen) - independent fibrin clearance. Similar subgingival microbiological flora was observed in periodontitis with Plgdef as in other periodontal diseases. Further investigations should determine the exact pathomechanism and focus on effective treatment methods of this entity.


Assuntos
Conjuntivite/patologia , Gengiva/patologia , Gengivite/patologia , Periodontite/patologia , Plasminogênio/deficiência , Dermatopatias Genéticas/patologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Gengiva/enzimologia , Gengiva/microbiologia , Gengivite/enzimologia , Gengivite/microbiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Periodontite/enzimologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Clin Immunol ; 36(7): 684-92, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27473539

RESUMO

Hereditary defects in several genes have been shown to disturb the normal immune response to EBV and to give rise to severe EBV-induced lymphoproliferation in the recent years. Nevertheless, in many patients, the molecular basis of fatal EBV infection still remains unclear. The Fanconi anemia-associated protein 24 (FAAP24) plays a dual role in DNA repair. By association with FANCM as component of the FA core complex, it recruits the FA core complex to damaged DNA. Additionally, FAAP24 has been shown to evoke ATR-mediated checkpoint responses independently of the FA core complex. By whole exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous missense mutation in the FAAP24 gene (cC635T, pT212M) in two siblings of a consanguineous Turkish family who died from an EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease after infection with a variant EBV strain, expressing a previously unknown EBNA2 allele.In order to analyze the functionality of the variant FAAP24 allele, we used herpes virus saimiri-transformed patient T cells to test endogenous cellular FAAP24 functions that are known to be important in DNA damage control. We saw an impaired FANCD2 monoubiquitination as well as delayed checkpoint responses, especially affecting CHK1 phosphorylation in patient samples in comparison to healthy controls. The phenotype of this FAAP24 mutation might have been further accelerated by an EBV strain that harbors an EBNA2 allele with enhanced activities compared to the prototype laboratory strain B95.8. This is the first report of an FAAP24 loss of function mutation found in human patients with EBV-associated lymphoproliferation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/genética , Mutação , Irmãos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Ciclo Celular , Códon , Consanguinidade , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação D2 da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Genótipo , Homozigoto , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Troca de Cromátide Irmã , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
16.
Blood ; 128(2): 227-38, 2016 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27099149

RESUMO

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human disorder characterized by defective Fas signaling, resulting in chronic benign lymphoproliferation and accumulation of TCRαß(+) CD4(-) CD8(-) double-negative T (DNT) cells. Although their phenotype resembles that of terminally differentiated or exhausted T cells, lack of KLRG1, high eomesodermin, and marginal T-bet expression point instead to a long-lived memory state with potent proliferative capacity. Here we show that despite their terminally differentiated phenotype, human ALPS DNT cells exhibit substantial mitotic activity in vivo. Notably, hyperproliferation of ALPS DNT cells is associated with increased basal and activation-induced phosphorylation of serine-threonine kinases Akt and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). The mTOR inhibitor rapamycin abrogated survival and proliferation of ALPS DNT cells, but not of CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells in vitro. In vivo, mTOR inhibition reduced proliferation and abnormal differentiation by DNT cells. Importantly, increased mitotic activity and hyperactive mTOR signaling was also observed in recently defined CD4(+) or CD8(+) precursor DNT cells, and mTOR inhibition specifically reduced these cells in vivo, indicating abnormal programming of Fas-deficient T cells before the DNT stage. Thus, our results identify the mTOR pathway as a major regulator of lymphoproliferation and aberrant differentiation in ALPS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome Linfoproliferativa Autoimune/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/imunologia , Masculino , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transativadores/imunologia
17.
PLoS One ; 11(1): e0147523, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26799970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis/ chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CRMO/ CNO) is a rare auto-inflammatory disease and typically manifests in terms of musculoskeletal pain. Because of a high frequency of musculoskeletal disorders in children/ adolescents, it can be quite challenging to distinguish CRMO/ CNO from nonspecific musculoskeletal pain or from malignancies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visibility of CRMO lesions in a whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI) technique and its potential clinical value to better characterize MR-visible lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Whole-body imaging at 3T was performed in 16 patients (average: 13 years) with confirmed CRMO. The protocol included 2D Short Tau Inversion Recovery (STIR) imaging in coronal and axial orientation as well as diffusion-weighted imaging in axial orientation. Visibility of lesions in DWI and STIR was evaluated by two readers in consensus. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was measured for every lesion and corresponding reference locations. RESULTS: A total of 33 lesions (on average 2 per patient) visible in STIR and DWI images (b = 800 s/mm2 and ADC maps) were included, predominantly located in the long bones. With a mean value of 1283 mm2/s in lesions, the ADC was significantly higher than in corresponding reference regions (782 mm2/s). By calculating the ratio (lesion to reference), 82% of all lesions showed a relative signal increase of 10% or higher and 76% (25 lesions) showed a signal increase of more than 15%. The median relative signal increase was 69%. CONCLUSION: This study shows that WB-DWI can be reliably performed in children at 3T and predominantly, the ADC values were substantially elevated in CRMO lesions. WB-DWI in conjunction with clinical data is seen as a promising technique to distinguish benign inflammatory processes (in terms of increased ADC values) from particular malignancies.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Osteomielite/diagnóstico , Imagem Corporal Total , Adolescente , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteomielite/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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