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1.
J Phys Chem B ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619031

RESUMO

Protein folding can be described as a motion of the polypeptide chain in a potential energy funnel, where the conformational manifold is narrowed as the chain traverses from a completely unfolded state until it reaches the folded (native) state. The initial folding stages set the tone for this process by substantially narrowing the manifold of accessible conformations. In an ideally unfolded state with no long-range stabilizing forces, local conformations (i.e., residual structures) are likely to drive the folding process. While most amino acid residues tend to predominantly adopt extended structures in unfolded proteins and peptides, aspartic acid exhibits a relatively high intrinsic preference for turn-forming conformations. Regions in an unfolded polypeptide or protein that are rich in aspartic acid residues may therefore be crucial sites for protein folding steps. By combining NMR and vibrational spectroscopies, we observed that the conformational sampling of multiple sequentially neighbored aspartic acid residues in the model peptides GDDG and GDDDG even show an on average higher propensity for turn-forming structures than the intrinsic reference system D in GDG, which suggests that nearest neighbor interactions between adjacent aspartic acid residues stabilize local turn-forming structures. In the presence of the unlike neighbor phenylalanine, nearest neighbor interactions are of a totally different nature in that it they decrease the turn-forming propensities and mutually increase the sampling of polyproline II (pPII) conformations. We hypothesize the structural role of aspartic residues in intrinsically disordered proteins in general, and particularly in small linear motifs, that are very much determined by their respective neighbors.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576311

RESUMO

Glutathione has long been suspected to be the primary low molecular weight compound present in all cells promoting the oxidative protein folding, but twenty years ago it was found "not guilty". Now, new surprising evidence repeats its request to be the "smoking gun" which reopens the criminal trial revealing the crucial involvement of this tripeptide.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4723, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354064

RESUMO

Translational riboswitches are cis-acting RNA regulators that modulate the expression of genes during translation initiation. Their mechanism is considered as an RNA-only gene-regulatory system inducing a ligand-dependent shift of the population of functional ON- and OFF-states. The interaction of riboswitches with the translation machinery remained unexplored. For the adenine-sensing riboswitch from Vibrio vulnificus we show that ligand binding alone is not sufficient for switching to a translational ON-state but the interaction of the riboswitch with the 30S ribosome is indispensable. Only the synergy of binding of adenine and of 30S ribosome, in particular protein rS1, induces complete opening of the translation initiation region. Our investigation thus unravels the intricate dynamic network involving RNA regulator, ligand inducer and ribosome protein modulator during translation initiation.


Assuntos
Biossíntese de Proteínas , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Riboswitch/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Conformação Proteica , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/química , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/genética , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Bactérias/metabolismo , Ribossomos/química , Vibrio vulnificus/genética , Vibrio vulnificus/metabolismo
4.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 467-474, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453696

RESUMO

The stem-loop (SL1) is the 5'-terminal structural element within the single-stranded SARS-CoV-2 RNA genome. It is formed by nucleotides 7-33 and consists of two short helical segments interrupted by an asymmetric internal loop. This architecture is conserved among Betacoronaviruses. SL1 is present in genomic SARS-CoV-2 RNA as well as in all subgenomic mRNA species produced by the virus during replication, thus representing a ubiquitous cis-regulatory RNA with potential functions at all stages of the viral life cycle. We present here the 1H, 13C and 15N chemical shift assignment of the 29 nucleotides-RNA construct 5_SL1, which denotes the native 27mer SL1 stabilized by an additional terminal G-C base-pair.


Assuntos
Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Líder para Processamento
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(28): 10596-10603, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236854

RESUMO

Photocleavable protecting groups (PPGs) play a pivotal role in numerous studies. They enable controlled release of small effector molecules to induce biochemical function. The number of PPGs attached to a variety of effector molecules has grown rapidly in recent years satisfying the high demand for new applications. However, until now molecules carrying PPGs have been designed to activate function only in a single direction, namely the release of the effector molecule. Herein, we present the new approach Two-PPGs-One-Molecule (TPOM) that exploits the orthogonal photolysis of two photoprotecting groups to first release the effector molecule and then to modify it to suppress its induced effect. The moiety resembling the tyrosyl side chain of the translation inhibitor puromycin was synthetically modified to the photosensitive ortho-nitrophenylalanine that cyclizes upon near UV-irradiation to an inactive puromycin cinnoline derivative. Additionally, the modified puromycin analog was protected by the thio-coumarylmethyl group as the second PPG. This TPOM strategy allows an initial wavelength-selective activation followed by a second light-induced deactivation. Both photolysis processes were spectroscopically studied in the UV/vis- and IR-region. In combination with quantum-chemical calculations and time-resolved NMR spectroscopy, the photoproducts of both activation and deactivation steps upon illumination were characterized. We further probed the translation inhibition effect of the new synthesized puromycin analog upon light activation/deactivation in a cell-free GFP translation assay. TPOM as a new method for precise triggering activation/deactivation of effector molecules represents a valuable addition for the control of biological processes with light.

6.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(13): 7753-7764, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223902

RESUMO

The ribosomal S1 protein (rS1) is indispensable for translation initiation in Gram-negative bacteria. rS1 is a multidomain protein that acts as an RNA chaperone and ensures that mRNAs can bind the ribosome in a single-stranded conformation, which could be related to fast recognition. Although many ribosome structures were solved in recent years, a high-resolution structure of a two-domain mRNA-binding competent rS1 construct is not yet available. Here, we present the NMR solution structure of the minimal mRNA-binding fragment of Vibrio Vulnificus rS1 containing the domains D3 and D4. Both domains are homologues and adapt an oligonucleotide-binding fold (OB fold) motif. NMR titration experiments reveal that recognition of miscellaneous mRNAs occurs via a continuous interaction surface to one side of these structurally linked domains. Using a novel paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) approach and exploring different spin-labeling positions within RNA, we were able to track the location and determine the orientation of the RNA in the rS1-D34 bound form. Our investigations show that paramagnetically labeled RNAs, spiked into unmodified RNA, can be used as a molecular ruler to provide structural information on protein-RNA complexes. The dynamic interaction occurs on a defined binding groove spanning both domains with identical ß2-ß3-ß5 interfaces. Evidently, the 3'-ends of the cis-acting RNAs are positioned in the direction of the N-terminus of the rS1 protein, thus towards the 30S binding site and adopt a conformation required for translation initiation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , RNA Mensageiro/química , Proteínas Ribossômicas/química , Vibrio vulnificus/química , Modelos Moleculares , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Ligação Proteica , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Domínios Proteicos , Riboswitch
7.
Chemistry ; 27(50): 12726-12736, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138492

RESUMO

Polymorphic G-quadruplex (G4) secondary DNA structures have received increasing attention in medicinal chemistry owing to their key involvement in the regulation of the maintenance of genomic stability, telomere length homeostasis and transcription of important proto-oncogenes. Different classes of G4 ligands have been developed for the potential treatment of several human diseases. Among them, the carbazole scaffold with appropriate side chain appendages has attracted much interest for designing G4 ligands. Because of its large and rigid π-conjugation system and ease of functionalization at three different positions, a variety of carbazole derivatives have been synthesized from various natural or synthetic sources for potential applications in G4-based therapeutics and biosensors. Herein, we provide an updated close-up of the literatures on carbazole-based G4 ligands with particular focus given on their detailed binding insights studied by NMR spectroscopy. The structure-activity relationships and the opportunities and challenges of their potential applications as biosensors and therapeutics are also discussed. This review will provide an overall picture of carbazole ligands with remarkable G4 topological preference, fluorescence properties and significant bioactivity; portraying carbazole as a very promising scaffold for assembling G4 ligands with a range of novel functional applications.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , Carbazóis , DNA , Humanos , Ligantes , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(35): 19191-19200, 2021 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161644

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 contains a positive single-stranded RNA genome of approximately 30 000 nucleotides. Within this genome, 15 RNA elements were identified as conserved between SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2. By nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, we previously determined that these elements fold independently, in line with data from in vivo and ex-vivo structural probing experiments. These elements contain non-base-paired regions that potentially harbor ligand-binding pockets. Here, we performed an NMR-based screening of a poised fragment library of 768 compounds for binding to these RNAs, employing three different 1 H-based 1D NMR binding assays. The screening identified common as well as RNA-element specific hits. The results allow selection of the most promising of the 15 RNA elements as putative drug targets. Based on the identified hits, we derive key functional units and groups in ligands for effective targeting of the RNA of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Genoma , RNA Viral/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/metabolismo , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , RNA Viral/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
9.
J Vis Exp ; (171)2021 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057451

RESUMO

Thermal shift assays (TSAs) examine how the melting temperature (Tm) of a target protein changes in response to changes in its environment (e.g., buffer composition). The utility of TSA, and specifically of nano-Differential Scanning Fluorimetry (nano-DSF), has been established over the years, both for finding conditions that help stabilize a specific protein and for looking at ligand binding by monitoring changes in the apparent Tm. This paper presents an efficient screening of the Diamond-SGC-iNEXT Poised (DSi-Poised) fragment library (768 compounds) by the use of nano-DSF, monitoring Tm to identify potential fragment binding. The prerequisites regarding protein quality and concentration for performing nano-DSF experiments are briefly outlined followed by a step-by-step protocol that uses a nano-liter robotic dispenser commonly used in structural biology laboratories for preparing the required samples in 96-well plates. The protocol describes how the reagent mixtures are transferred to the capillaries needed for nano-DSF measurements. In addition, this paper provides protocols to measure thermal denaturation (monitoring intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence) and aggregation (monitoring light back-scattering) and the subsequent steps for data transfer and analysis. Finally, screening experiments with three different protein targets are discussed to illustrate the use of this procedure in the context of lead discovery campaigns. The overall principle of the method described can be easily transferred to other fragment libraries or adapted to other instruments.


Assuntos
Fluorometria , Proteínas , Temperatura
10.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 335-340, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928512

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is the cause of the respiratory disease COVID-19. As of today, therapeutic interventions in severe COVID-19 cases are still not available as no effective therapeutics have been developed so far. Despite the ongoing development of a number of effective vaccines, therapeutics to fight the disease once it has been contracted will still be required. Promising targets for the development of antiviral agents against SARS-CoV-2 can be found in the viral RNA genome. The 5'- and 3'-genomic ends of the 30 kb SCoV-2 genome are highly conserved among Betacoronaviruses and contain structured RNA elements involved in the translation and replication of the viral genome. The 40 nucleotides (nt) long highly conserved stem-loop 4 (5_SL4) is located within the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) important for viral replication. 5_SL4 features an extended stem structure disrupted by several pyrimidine mismatches and is capped by a pentaloop. Here, we report extensive 1H, 13C, 15N and 31P resonance assignments of 5_SL4 as the basis for in-depth structural and ligand screening studies by solution NMR spectroscopy.


Assuntos
Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Sequências Repetidas Invertidas/genética
11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(16): 6185-6193, 2021 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872503

RESUMO

The folding of DNA G-quadruplexes (G4) is essential to regulate expression of oncogenes and involves polymorphic long-lived intermediate states. G4 formation requires four G-tracts, but human gene-promoters often contain multiple G-tracts that act as spare-tires. These additional G-tracts are highly conserved and add multiple layers of functional complexity, as they are crucial to maintain G4 function after oxidative damage. Herein, we unravel the folding dynamics of the G4 sequence containing five G-tracts from cMYC, the major proliferation-driving oncogene. We devise a general method to induce folding at constant experimental conditions using a photochemical trapping strategy. Our data dissect the individual kinetics and thermodynamics of the spare-tire mechanism of cMYC-G4.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , Humanos , Isomerismo , Cinética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Termodinâmica
12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(21): 11884-11891, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683819

RESUMO

2D NOESY plays a central role in structural NMR spectroscopy. We have recently discussed methods that rely on solvent-driven exchanges to enhance NOE correlations between exchangeable and non-exchangeable protons in nucleic acids. Such methods, however, fail when trying to establish connectivities within pools of labile protons. This study introduces an alternative that also enhances NOEs between such labile sites, based on encoding a priori selected peaks by selective saturations. The resulting selective magnetization transfer (SMT) experiment proves particularly useful for enhancing the imino-imino cross-peaks in RNAs, which is a first step in the NMR resolution of these structures. The origins of these enhancements are discussed, and their potential is demonstrated on RNA fragments derived from the genome of SARS-CoV-2, recorded with better sensitivity and an order of magnitude faster than conventional 2D counterparts.


Assuntos
Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular/métodos , Prótons , RNA Viral/análise , SARS-CoV-2/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , RNA Viral/química
13.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 235-241, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755914

RESUMO

As part of an International consortium aiming at the characterization by NMR of the proteins of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, we have obtained the virtually complete assignment of the backbone atoms of the non-structural protein nsp9. This small (12 kDa) protein is encoded by ORF1a, binds to RNA and seems to be essential for viral RNA synthesis. The crystal structures of the SARS-CoV-2 protein and other homologues suggest that the protein is dimeric as also confirmed by analytical ultracentrifugation and dynamic light scattering. Our data constitute the prerequisite for further NMR-based characterization, and provide the starting point for the identification of small molecule lead compounds that could interfere with RNA binding and prevent viral replication.


Assuntos
Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/química , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
14.
FEBS J ; 288(18): 5350-5373, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660383

RESUMO

Small ORF (sORF)-encoded small proteins have been overlooked for a long time due to challenges in prediction and distinguishing between coding- and noncoding-predicted sORFs and in their biochemical detection and characterization. We report on the first biochemical and functional characterization of a small protein (sP26) in the archaeal model organism Methanosarcina mazei, comprising 23 amino acids. The corresponding encoding leaderless mRNA (spRNA26) is highly conserved on nucleotide level as well as on the coded amino acids within numerous Methanosarcina strains strongly arguing for a cellular function of the small protein. spRNA26 level is significantly enhanced under nitrogen limitation, but also under oxygen and salt stress conditions. Using heterologously expressed and purified sP26 in independent biochemical approaches [pull-down by affinity chromatography followed by MS analysis, reverse pull-down, microscale thermophoresis, size-exclusion chromatography, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) analysis], we observed that sP26 interacts and forms complexes with M. mazei glutamine synthetase (GlnA1 ) with high affinity (app. KD  = 0.76 µm± 0.29 µm). Moreover, seven amino acids were identified by NMR analysis to directly interact with GlnA1 . Upon interaction with sP26, GlnA1 activity is significantly stimulated, independently and in addition to the known activation by the metabolite 2-oxoglutarate (2-OG). Besides, strong interaction of sP26 with the PII-like protein GlnK1 was demonstrated (app. KD  = 2.9 µm ± 0.9 µm). On the basis of these findings, we propose that in addition to 2-OG, sP26 enhances GlnA1 activity under nitrogen limitation most likely by stabilizing the dodecameric structure of GlnA1 .


Assuntos
Proteínas Arqueais/genética , Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/genética , Methanosarcina/enzimologia , Aminoácidos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica em Archaea , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
15.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 287-295, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770349

RESUMO

The current COVID-19 pandemic caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a worldwide health crisis, necessitating coordinated scientific research and urgent identification of new drug targets for treatment of COVID-19 lung disease. The covid19-nmr consortium seeks to support drug development by providing publicly accessible NMR data on the viral RNA elements and proteins. The SARS-CoV-2 genome comprises a single RNA of about 30 kb in length, in which 14 open reading frames (ORFs) have been annotated, and encodes approximately 30 proteins. The first two-thirds of the SARS-CoV-2 genome is made up of two large overlapping open-reading-frames (ORF1a and ORF1b) encoding a replicase polyprotein, which is subsequently cleaved to yield 16 so-called non-structural proteins. The non-structural protein 1 (Nsp1), which is considered to be a major virulence factor, suppresses host immune functions by associating with host ribosomal complexes at the very end of its C-terminus. Furthermore, Nsp1 facilitates initiation of viral RNA translation via an interaction of its N-terminal domain with the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the viral RNA. Here, we report the near-complete backbone chemical-shift assignments of full-length SARS-CoV-2 Nsp1 (19.8 kDa), which reveal the domain organization, secondary structure and backbone dynamics of Nsp1, and which will be of value to further NMR-based investigations of both the biochemical and physiological functions of Nsp1.


Assuntos
Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , SARS-CoV-2 , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/química , Modelos Moleculares , Domínios Proteicos
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 4942-4948, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783202

RESUMO

Multidimensional NOESY experiments targeting correlations between exchangeable imino and amino protons provide valuable information about base pairing in nucleic acids. It has been recently shown that the sensitivity of homonuclear correlations involving RNA's labile imino protons can be significantly enhanced, by exploiting the repolarization brought about by solvent exchanges. Homonuclear correlations, however, are of limited spectral resolution, and usually incapable of tackling relatively large homopolymers with repeating structures like RNAs. This study presents a heteronuclear-resolved version of those NOESY experiments, in which magnetization transfers between the aqueous solvent and the nucleic acid protons are controlled by selecting specific chemical shift combinations of a coupled 1H-15N spin pair. This selective control effectively leads to a pseudo-3D version of HSQC-NOESY, but with cross-peaks enhanced by ∼2-5× as compared with conventional 2D NOESY counterparts. The enhanced signal sensitivity as well as access to both 15N-1H and 1H-1H NOESY dimensions can greatly facilitate RNA assignments and secondary structure determinations, as demonstrated here with the analysis of genome fragments derived from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Magnéticos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , RNA Viral/química , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Temperatura
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(19): 10895-10901, 2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539622

RESUMO

We investigated the folding kinetics of G-quadruplex (G4) structures by comparing the K+ -induced folding of an RNA G4 derived from the human telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA25) with a sequence homologous DNA G4 (wtTel25) using CD spectroscopy and real-time NMR spectroscopy. While DNA G4 folding is biphasic, reveals kinetic partitioning and involves kinetically favoured off-pathway intermediates, RNA G4 folding is faster and monophasic. The differences in kinetics are correlated to the differences in the folded conformations of RNA vs. DNA G4s, in particular with regard to the conformation around the glycosidic torsion angle χ that uniformly adopts anti conformations for RNA G4s and both, syn and anti conformation for DNA G4s. Modified DNA G4s with 19 F bound to C2' in arabino configuration adopt exclusively anti conformations for χ. These fluoro-modified DNA (antiTel25) reveal faster folding kinetics and monomorphic conformations similar to RNA G4s, suggesting the correlation between folding kinetics and pathways with differences in χ angle preferences in DNA and RNA, respectively.


Assuntos
DNA/química , RNA/química , Telômero/química , Quadruplex G , Humanos , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
18.
ChemMedChem ; 16(10): 1667-1679, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508167

RESUMO

Lead-optimization strategies for compounds targeting c-Myc G-quadruplex (G4) DNA are being pursued to develop anticancer drugs. Here, we investigate the structure-activity- relationship (SAR) of a newly synthesized series of molecules based on the pyrrolidine-substituted 5-nitro indole scaffold to target G4 DNA. Our synthesized series allows modulation of flexible elements with a structurally preserved scaffold. Biological and biophysical analyses illustrate that substituted 5-nitroindole scaffolds bind to the c-Myc promoter G-quadruplex. These compounds downregulate c-Myc expression and induce cell-cycle arrest in the sub-G1/G1 phase in cancer cells. They further increase the concentration of intracellular reactive oxygen species. NMR spectra show that three of the newly synthesized compounds interact with the terminal G-quartets (5'- and 3'-ends) in a 2 : 1 stoichiometry.

19.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(1): 165-171, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423172

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 RNA, nsP3c (non-structural Protein3c) spans the sequence of the so-called SARS Unique Domains (SUDs), first observed in SARS-CoV. Although the function of this viral protein is not fully elucidated, it is believed that it is crucial for the formation of the replication/transcription viral complex (RTC) and of the interaction of various viral "components" with the host cell; thus, it is essential for the entire viral life cycle. The first two SUDs, the so-called SUD-N (the N-terminal domain) and SUD-M (domain following SUD-N) domains, exhibit topological and conformational features that resemble the nsP3b macro (or "X") domain. Indeed, they are all folded in a three-layer α/ß/α sandwich structure, as revealed through crystallographic structural investigation of SARS-CoV SUDs, and they have been attributed to different substrate selectivity as they selectively bind to oligonucleotides. On the other hand, the C-terminal SUD (SUD-C) exhibit much lower sequence similarities compared to the SUD-N & SUD-M, as reported in previous crystallographic and NMR studies of SARS-CoV. In the absence of the 3D structures of SARS-CoV-2, we report herein the almost complete NMR backbone and side-chain resonance assignment (1H,13C,15N) of SARS-CoV-2 SUD-M and SUD-C proteins, and the NMR chemical shift-based prediction of their secondary structure elements. These NMR data will set the base for further understanding at the atomic-level conformational dynamics of these proteins and will allow the effective screening of a large number of small molecules as binders with potential biological impact on their function.


Assuntos
Proteases Semelhantes à Papaína de Coronavírus/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , SARS-CoV-2/química , Isótopos de Carbono , Hidrogênio , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
20.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(1): 173-176, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475934

RESUMO

The non-structural protein nsp3 from SARS-CoV-2 plays an essential role in the viral replication transcription complex. Nsp3a constitutes the N-terminal domain of nsp3, comprising a ubiquitin-like folded domain and a disordered acidic chain. This region of nsp3a has been linked to interactions with the viral nucleoprotein and the structure of double membrane vesicles. Here, we report the backbone resonance assignment of both domains of nsp3a. The study is carried out in the context of the international covid19-nmr consortium, which aims to characterize SARS-CoV-2 proteins and RNAs, providing for example NMR chemical shift assignments of the different viral components. Our assignment will provide the basis for the identification of inhibitors and further functional and interaction studies of this essential protein.


Assuntos
Proteases Semelhantes à Papaína de Coronavírus/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , SARS-CoV-2/química , Isótopos de Carbono , Escherichia coli , Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
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