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Molecules ; 25(15)2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717782


A combination of hard-templating (HT) and soft-templating (ST) approaches was studied to obtain MWW-type materials with intermediate physicochemical properties. The HT methodology involved the introduction of carbon particles as hard templates during gel synthesis to obtain a layered zeolitic precursor (LZP) with particles possessing a microspherical morphology. The LZP obtained was treated with surfactants as soft templates to expand the layers of the LZP, followed by a pillaring procedure. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis and N2 adsorption. The results demonstrate that the obtained material possesses intermediate properties from both approaches, with interparticle mesopores/macropores and pore sizes between 18 and 46 Å. However, the ST procedure causes a partial disruption of some microspheres, forming small crystallite aggregates, and results in a decrease in the number of interparticle mesopores/macropores previously formed by the HT method. All synthesized solids presented catalytic activity, which was evaluated by the cracking of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) as a probe reaction.

Chemistry ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427389


In this work, an MWW-type zeolite with pillars containing silicon and niobium oxide was synthesized to obtain a hierarchical zeolite. The effect of niobium insertion in the pillaring process was determined by combining a controllable acidity and accessibility in the final material. All pillared materials had niobium occupying framework positions in pillars and extra-framework positions. The pillared material, Pil-Nb-4.5 with 4.5 wt % niobium, did not compromise the mesoporosity formed by pillaring, while the increase of niobium in the structure gradually decreased the mesoporosity and ordering of lamellar stacking. The morphology of the pillared zeolites and the niobium content were found to directly affect the catalytic activity. Specifically, we report on the activity of the MWW-type zeolites with niobium catalyzing the gas-phase oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which is an important reaction for clean environmental. All produced MWW-type zeolites with niobium were catalytically active, even at low temperatures and low niobium loading, and provided excellent conversion efficiencies.

Molecules ; 24(10)2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126026


The need for greener procedures is a fact to reduce residues, to decrease industrial costs, and to accomplish the environmental agreements. In an attempt to address this question, we propose the addition of a natural resource, Brazilian diatomite, to an MFI zeolite traditional synthesis. We have characterized the resulting product with different techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, microscopy, and gas sorption, and, afterwards, we evaluate the greenness of the process by the Green Star method. The results were promising: We obtained the desired topology in the form of small crystallites aggregated and a pore diameter of 0.8 nm. In conclusion, the product has the necessary characteristics for an adsorption or catalytic future tests and escalation to industrial production.

Terra de Diatomáceas/química , Zeolitas/síntese química , Brasil , Química Verde , Modelos Moleculares , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X , Zeolitas/química