Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 99
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-9, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876203

RESUMO

Mastocytosis are a group of hematologic neoplasms characterized by an accumulation of atypical mast cells in one or several organs/tissues, often accompanied by mast cell activation. Whereas in children the disease manifestations are mostly limited to the skin, in adults the disease is usually systemic (systemic mastocytosis; SM) and involves the bone marrow and/or other internal organs. Several variants of SM have been defined. Whereas most patients have indolent SM, some patients have advanced SM, which underlines the complexity of SM. In 2002, a European consortium of clinicians and scientists initiated a multidisciplinary, multi-national cooperative network, termed the 'European Competence Network on Mastocytosis' (ECNM), with the aim to improve diagnosis and therapy of patients with mastocytosis and other mast cell activation disorders. Since then, members of the ECNM have organized Annual Meetings in several European countries. The present article provides a summary of advances in the field presented during the 17th Annual ECNM meeting held in Salzburg in October 2019.

3.
Cell ; 179(2): 417-431.e19, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585081

RESUMO

Severe asthma patients with low type 2 inflammation derive less clinical benefit from therapies targeting type 2 cytokines and represent an unmet need. We show that mast cell tryptase is elevated in severe asthma patients independent of type 2 biomarker status. Active ß-tryptase allele count correlates with blood tryptase levels, and asthma patients carrying more active alleles benefit less from anti-IgE treatment. We generated a noncompetitive inhibitory antibody against human ß-tryptase, which dissociates active tetramers into inactive monomers. A 2.15 Å crystal structure of a ß-tryptase/antibody complex coupled with biochemical studies reveal the molecular basis for allosteric destabilization of small and large interfaces required for tetramerization. This anti-tryptase antibody potently blocks tryptase enzymatic activity in a humanized mouse model, reducing IgE-mediated systemic anaphylaxis, and inhibits airway tryptase in Ascaris-sensitized cynomolgus monkeys with favorable pharmacokinetics. These data provide a foundation for developing anti-tryptase as a clinical therapy for severe asthma.

4.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 144(4): 883-896, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476322

RESUMO

Our current recommendations for diagnosing and treating primary mast cell (MC) activation syndrome make use of the latest studies and consensus guidelines for clinically recognizing systemic anaphylaxis in real time, regardless of whether allergen-triggered or other pathways are involved; our current understanding of the biomarkers secreted by activated MCs that best discriminate this disorder from other conditions; and the therapeutic drugs that might selectively affect those mediators or MCs themselves. Finding familial or somatic mutations of genes that cause MCs to be hyperactivatable would extend our diagnostic tools and potentially indicate new therapeutic interventions, targeting either the mutated gene product or the associated molecular pathway. In conclusion, we trust that the clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic criteria for primary MC activation syndromes described herein will provide clinicians with practical criteria of sufficient sensitivity and specificity to diagnose most cases without overdiagnosing the disorder in patients who likely have other conditions.

5.
J Exp Med ; 216(10): 2348-2361, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337736

RESUMO

Both α-tryptase and ß-tryptase are preferentially expressed by human mast cells, but the purpose of α-tryptase is enigmatic, because its tetramers lack protease activity, whereas ß-tryptase tetramers are active proteases. The monogenic disorder called hereditary α-tryptasemia, due to increased α-tryptase gene copies and protein expression, presents with clinical features such as vibratory urticaria and dysautonomia. We show that heterotetramers composed of 2α- and 2ß-tryptase protomers (α/ß-tryptase) form naturally in individuals who express α-tryptase. α/ß-Tryptase, but not homotetramer, activates protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2), which is expressed on cell types such as smooth muscle, neurons, and endothelium. Also, only α/ß-tryptase makes mast cells susceptible to vibration-triggered degranulation by cleaving the α subunit of the EGF-like module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor-like 2 (EMR2) mechanosensory receptor. Allosteric effects of α-tryptase protomers on neighboring ß-tryptase protomers likely result in the novel substrate repertoire of α/ß-tryptase tetramers that in turn cause some of the clinical features of hereditary α-tryptasemia and of other disorders involving mast cells.

6.
Elife ; 82019 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084709

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is characterized by articular cartilage breakdown, and emerging evidence suggests that dysregulated innate immunity is likely involved. Here, we performed proteomic, transcriptomic, and electron microscopic analyses to demonstrate that mast cells are aberrantly activated in human and murine osteoarthritic joint tissues. Using genetic models of mast cell deficiency, we demonstrate that lack of mast cells attenuates osteoarthritis in mice. Using genetic and pharmacologic approaches, we show that the IgE/FcεRI/Syk signaling axis is critical for the development of osteoarthritis. We find that mast cell-derived tryptase induces inflammation, chondrocyte apoptosis, and cartilage breakdown. Our findings demonstrate a central role for IgE-dependent mast cell activation in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis, suggesting that targeting mast cells could provide therapeutic benefit in human osteoarthritis. Editorial note: This article has been through an editorial process in which the authors decide how to respond to the issues raised during peer review. The Reviewing Editor's assessment is that all the issues have been addressed (see decision letter).

7.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(4): 1125-1133.e1, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737190

RESUMO

Mast cell activation (MCA) accompanies diverse physiologic and pathologic processes and is one of the more frequently encountered conditions in medicine. MCA-related symptoms are usually mild and often transient. In such cases, histamine receptor blockers and other mediator-targeting drugs can usually control MCA. In severe cases, an MCA syndrome (MCAS) may be diagnosed. However, overt MCAS is an unusual condition, and many patients referred because of suspected MCAS are diagnosed with other diseases (autoimmune, neoplastic, or infectious) unrelated to MCA or suffer from MCA-related (eg, allergic) disorders and/or comorbidities without fulfilling criteria of an overt MCAS. These considerations are important as more and more patients are informed that they may have MCA or even MCAS without completing a thorough medical evaluation. In fact, in several instances, symptoms are misinterpreted as MCA/MCAS, and other clinically relevant conditions are not thoroughly pursued. The number of such referrals is increasing. To avoid such unnecessary referrals and to prevent misdiagnoses, we here propose a diagnostic algorithm through which a clinically relevant (systemic) MCA can be suspected and MCAS can subsequently be documented or excluded. In addition, the algorithm proposed should help guide the investigating care providers to consider the 2 principal diagnoses that may underlie MCAS, namely, severe allergy and systemic mastocytosis accompanied by severe MCA. Although validation is required, we anticipate that this algorithm will facilitate the management of patients with suspected MCAS.

8.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(6): 1793-1802.e2, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For the prevention of attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE), the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous human C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH[SC]; HAEGARDA, CSL Behring) was established in the 16-week Clinical Study for Optimal Management of Preventing Angioedema with Low-Volume Subcutaneous C1-Inhibitor Replacement Therapy (COMPACT). OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term safety, occurrence of angioedema attacks, and use of rescue medication with C1-INH(SC). METHODS: Open-label, randomized, parallel-arm extension of COMPACT across 11 countries. Patients with frequent angioedema attacks, either study treatment-naive or who had completed COMPACT, were randomly assigned (1:1) to 40 IU/kg or 60 IU/kg C1-INH(SC) twice per week, with conditional uptitration to optimize prophylaxis (ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT02316353). RESULTS: A total of 126 patients with a monthly attack rate of 4.3 in 3 months before entry in COMPACT were enrolled and treated for a mean of 1.5 years; 44 patients (34.9%) had more than 2 years of exposure. Mean steady-state C1-INH functional activity increased to 66.6% with 60 IU/kg. Incidence of adverse events was low and similar in both dose groups (11.3 and 8.5 events per patient-year for 40 IU/kg and 60 IU/kg, respectively). For 40 IU/kg and 60 IU/kg, median annualized attack rates were 1.3 and 1.0, respectively, and median rescue medication use was 0.2 and 0.0 times per year, respectively. Of 23 patients receiving 60 IU/kg for more than 2 years, 19 (83%) were attack-free during months 25 to 30 of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with frequent HAE attacks, long-term replacement therapy with C1-INH(SC) is safe and exhibits a substantial and sustained prophylactic effect, with the vast majority of patients becoming free from debilitating disease symptoms.

9.
Allergy ; 74(6): 1157-1165, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is recognized mainly through clinical criteria, which may lack specificity or relevance in the perioperative setting. The transient increase in serum tryptase has been proposed since 1989 as a diagnostic tool. Sampling for well-defined acute and baseline determinations has been recommended. We assessed the performance of four proposed algorithms with tightly controlled time frames for tryptase sampling, their robustness with inadequate sampling times, and the possible use of mature tryptase determination. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 102 adult patients from the Aix-Marseille University Hospitals who had experienced a perioperative hypersensitivity reaction clinically suggesting anaphylaxis. EAACI and ICON criteria were used to diagnose anaphylaxis. Mature and total serum tryptase levels were measured. RESULTS: Based on EAACI guidelines, clinical diagnostic criteria for anaphylaxis were found in 76 patients and lacking in 26. The most effective algorithm was the international consensus recommendation of 2012 that acute total tryptase levels should be greater than ([1.2×baseline tryptase] + 2] µg/L to be considered a clinically significant rise. In our cohort, this algorithm achieved 94% positive predictive value (PPV), 53% negative predictive value (NPV), 75% sensitivity, 86% specificity, and a Youden's index value of 0.61. A detectable acute mature tryptase level showed lower sensitivity, particularly in patients with acute total tryptase levels lower than 16 µg/L. Acute tryptase levels varied as a function of the clinical severity of anaphylaxis. CONCLUSION: Total tryptase levels in serum discriminated between nonanaphylactic and anaphylactic events in a perioperative setting when acute and baseline levels were collected and analyzed by the consensus algorithm.

11.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(3): 880-893, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528617

RESUMO

Providers caring for patients with mastocytosis are tasked with the decision to consider therapeutic options. This can come with some trepidation because information available in the public domain lists numerous mast cell (MC) activators based on data that do not discriminate between primates, rodents, and MC lines; do not consider dosage; and do not take into account previous exposure and resultant clinical findings. This being said, there is support in the literature for an enhanced MC response in some patients with mastocytosis and in cases in which there is a greater incidence of adverse reactions associated with certain antigens, such as venoms and drugs. Thus this report provides a comprehensive guide for those providers who must decide on therapeutic options in the management of patients with clonal MC disease.

12.
JAMA ; 320(20): 2108-2121, 2018 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30480729

RESUMO

Importance: Current treatments for long-term prophylaxis in hereditary angioedema have limitations. Objective: To assess the efficacy of lanadelumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that selectively inhibits active plasma kallikrein, in preventing hereditary angioedema attacks. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 41 sites in Canada, Europe, Jordan, and the United States. Patients were randomized between March 3, 2016, and September 9, 2016; last day of follow-up was April 13, 2017. Randomization was 2:1 lanadelumab to placebo; patients assigned to lanadelumab were further randomized 1:1:1 to 1 of the 3 dose regimens. Patients 12 years or older with hereditary angioedema type I or II underwent a 4-week run-in period and those with 1 or more hereditary angioedema attacks during run-in were randomized. Interventions: Twenty-six-week treatment with subcutaneous lanadelumab 150 mg every 4 weeks (n = 28), 300 mg every 4 weeks (n = 29), 300 mg every 2 weeks (n = 27), or placebo (n = 41). All patients received injections every 2 weeks, with those in the every-4-week group receiving placebo in between active treatments. Main Outcome and Measures: Primary efficacy end point was the number of investigator-confirmed attacks of hereditary angioedema over the treatment period. Results: Among 125 patients randomized (mean age, 40.7 years [SD, 14.7 years]; 88 females [70.4%]; 113 white [90.4%]), 113 (90.4%) completed the study. During the run-in period, the mean number of hereditary angioedema attacks per month in the placebo group was 4.0; for the lanadelumab groups, 3.2 for the every-4-week 150-mg group; 3.7 for the every-4-week 300-mg group; and 3.5 for the every-2-week 300-mg group. During the treatment period, the mean number of attacks per month for the placebo group was 1.97; for the lanadelumab groups, 0.48 for the every-4-week 150-mg group; 0.53 for the every-4-week 300-mg group; and 0.26 for the every-2-week 300-mg group. Compared with placebo, the mean differences in the attack rate per month were -1.49 (95% CI, -1.90 to -1.08; P < .001); -1.44 (95% CI, -1.84 to -1.04; P < .001); and -1.71 (95% CI, -2.09 to -1.33; P < .001). The most commonly occurring adverse events with greater frequency in the lanadelumab treatment groups were injection site reactions (34.1% placebo, 52.4% lanadelumab) and dizziness (0% placebo, 6.0% lanadelumab). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with hereditary angioedema type I or II, treatment with subcutaneous lanadelumab for 26 weeks significantly reduced the attack rate compared with placebo. These findings support the use of lanadelumab as a prophylactic therapy for hereditary angioedema. Further research is needed to determine long-term safety and efficacy. Trial Registration: EudraCT Identifier: 2015-003943-20; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02586805.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/prevenção & controle , Calicreína Plasmática/antagonistas & inibidores , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/classificação , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 121(4): 464-471, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) is the preferred patient-reported outcome (PRO) for assessing symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD). Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) is commonly used to assess the burden of skin disease. Previous severity strata were developed for POEM and DLQI in clinical cohorts, which may be biased toward more severe disease. Severity strata were not previously examined in population-based cohorts. Patient-Oriented Scoring AD (PO-SCORAD) is another commonly used PRO for assessing AD symptoms; however, severity strata are not established. OBJECTIVE: We sought to confirm previously developed strata for POEM and DLQI, and to develop strata for the PO-SCORAD in a population-based cohort of adults with AD. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study of 8,217 adults was performed using a structured questionnaire. A diagnosis of AD was determined using modified UK Diagnostic Criteria for AD (n = 602). AD severity was assessed using self-reported global AD severity (anchoring question), POEM, PO-SCORAD, and DLQI. Strata were selected using an anchoring approach based on patient-reported disease severity. RESULTS: We confirmed the existing strata for DLQI (mild = 0-5, moderate = 6-10, severe = 11-30) (kappa = 0.446). However, the preferred strata for POEM was mild = 0-7, moderate = 8-19, and severe = 20-28 (kappa = 0.409) and PO-SCORAD was mild = 1-27, moderate = 28-56, severe = 57-104 (kappa = 0.444). CONCLUSION: Existing strata for DLQI performed well in a population-based cohort of adult AD. The optimal severity strata for the POEM in our AD population varies slightly from those previously published for AD. This may suggest that different strata may be optimal in different study settings and cohorts. Finally, we proposed new strata for PO-SCORAD in adult AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Grupos Populacionais , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Eczema , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
J Biol Chem ; 293(25): 9614-9628, 2018 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29661938

RESUMO

Human ß-tryptase, a tetrameric trypsin-like serine protease, is an important mediator of the allergic inflammatory responses in asthma. During acute hypersensitivity reactions, mast cells degranulate, releasing active tetramer as a complex with proteoglycans. Extensive efforts have focused on developing therapeutic ß-tryptase inhibitors, but its unique activation mechanism is less well-explored. Tryptase is active only after proteolytic removal of the pro-domain followed by tetramer formation via two distinct symmetry-related interfaces. We show that the cleaved I16G mutant cannot tetramerize, likely due to impaired insertion of its N terminus into its "activation pocket," indicating allosteric linkage at multiple sites on each protomer. We engineered cysteines into each of the two distinct interfaces (Y75C for small or I99C for large) to assess the activity of each tetramer and disulfide-locked dimer. Using size-exclusion chromatography and enzymatic assays, we demonstrate that the two large tetramer interfaces regulate enzymatic activity, elucidating the importance of this protein-protein interaction for allosteric regulation. Notably, the I99C large interface dimer is active, even in the absence of heparin. We show that a monomeric ß-tryptase mutant (I99C*/Y75A/Y37bA, where C* is cysteinylated Cys-99) cannot form a dimer or tetramer, yet it is active but only in the presence of heparin. Thus heparin both stabilizes the tetramer and allosterically conditions the active site. We hypothesize that each ß-tryptase protomer in the tetramer has two distinct roles, acting both as a protease and as a cofactor for its neighboring protomer, to allosterically regulate enzymatic activity, providing a rationale for direct correlation of tetramer stability with proteolytic activity.


Assuntos
Heparina/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Multimerização Proteica , Triptases/genética , Triptases/metabolismo , Regulação Alostérica , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Mutação , Conformação Proteica , Subunidades Proteicas , Triptases/química
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(1): 311-321.e10, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28624612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs), the primary effector cell of the atopic response, participate in immune defense at host/environment interfaces, yet the mechanisms by which they interact with CD4+ T cells has been controversial. OBJECTIVE: We used in situ-matured primary human MCs and matched CD4+ T cells to diligently assess the ability of MCs to act as antigen-presenting cells. METHODS: We examined mature human skin-derived MCs using flow cytometry for expression of antigen-presenting molecules, for their ability to stimulate CD4+ T cells to express CD25 and proliferate when exposed to superantigen or to cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen using matched T cells and MCs from CMV-seropositive or CMV-seronegative donors, and for antigen uptake. Subcellular localization of antigen, HLA molecules, and tryptase was analyzed by using structured illumination microscopy. RESULTS: Our data show that IFN-γ induces HLA class II, HLA-DM, CD80, and CD40 expression on MCs, whereas MCs take up soluble and particulate antigens in an IFN-γ-independent manner. IFN-γ-primed MCs guide activation of T cells by Staphylococcus aureus superantigen and, when preincubated with CMV antigens, induce a recall CD4+ TH1 proliferation response only in CMV-seropositive donors. MCs co-opt their secretory granules for antigen processing and presentation. Consequently, MC degranulation increases surface delivery of HLA class II/peptide, further enhancing stimulation of T-cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: IFN-γ primes human MCs to activate T cells through superantigen and to present CMV antigen to TH1 cells, co-opting MC secretory granules for antigen processing and presentation and creating a feed-forward loop of T-cell-MC cross-activation.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Transporte Biológico , Biomarcadores , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Dinaminas , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Especificidade do Receptor de Antígeno de Linfócitos T
18.
N Engl J Med ; 376(12): 1131-1140, 2017 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28328347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema is a disabling, potentially fatal condition caused by deficiency (type I) or dysfunction (type II) of the C1 inhibitor protein. In a phase 2 trial, the use of CSL830, a nanofiltered C1 inhibitor preparation that is suitable for subcutaneous injection, resulted in functional levels of C1 inhibitor activity that would be expected to provide effective prophylaxis of attacks. METHODS: We conducted an international, prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, phase 3 trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of self-administered subcutaneous CSL830 in patients with type I or type II hereditary angioedema who had had four or more attacks in a consecutive 2-month period within 3 months before screening. We randomly assigned the patients to one of four treatment sequences in a crossover design, each involving two 16-week treatment periods: either 40 IU or 60 IU of CSL830 per kilogram of body weight twice weekly followed by placebo, or vice versa. The primary efficacy end point was the number of attacks of angioedema. Secondary efficacy end points were the proportion of patients who had a response (≥50% reduction in the number of attacks with CSL830 as compared with placebo) and the number of times that rescue medication was used. RESULTS: Of the 90 patients who underwent randomization, 79 completed the trial. Both doses of CSL830, as compared with placebo, reduced the rate of attacks of hereditary angioedema (mean difference with 40 IU, -2.42 attacks per month; 95% confidence interval [CI], -3.38 to -1.46; and mean difference with 60 IU, -3.51 attacks per month; 95% CI, -4.21 to -2.81; P<0.001 for both comparisons). Response rates were 76% (95% CI, 62 to 87) in the 40-IU group and 90% (95% CI, 77 to 96) in the 60-IU group. The need for rescue medication was reduced from 5.55 uses per month in the placebo group to 1.13 uses per month in the 40-IU group and from 3.89 uses in the placebo group to 0.32 uses per month in the 60-IU group. Adverse events (most commonly mild and transient local site reactions) occurred in similar proportions of patients who received CSL830 and those who received placebo. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hereditary angioedema, the prophylactic use of a subcutaneous C1 inhibitor twice weekly significantly reduced the frequency of acute attacks. (Funded by CSL Behring; COMPACT EudraCT number, 2013-000916-10 , and ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01912456 .).


Assuntos
Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/administração & dosagem , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/efeitos adversos , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/metabolismo , Estudos Cross-Over , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/classificação , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Risco , Autoadministração , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 5(5): 1314-1318, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28302451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU)/chronic spontaneous urticaria sometimes report systemic complaints (SCs). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency and characteristics of SCs among patients with CIU, as well as the association of SCs with disease measures, basophil histamine release, and serum tryptase. METHODS: Adult patients with CIU were recruited from a university allergy clinic. Patients completed a disease symptom survey and underwent blood sampling for subsequent basophil histamine release and serum tryptase measurement. RESULTS: A total of 155 patients with CIU were surveyed, with 103 reporting SCs with concomitant hives as follows: joint pain or swelling (55.3%), headache/fatigue (47.6%), flushing (42.7%), wheezing (30.1%), gastrointestinal complaints (26.2%), and palpitations (9.7%). Patients with SCs (CIU-SC) were compared with those with no SCs (CIU-NSC). Both groups had similar demographic characteristics (average age in 40s, majority female and white) and basophil histamine release profiles. CIU-SC had significantly greater disease duration (51.5% CIU-SC vs 30.8% CIU-NSC had >4 years duration), emergency department visits (41.7% vs 23.1% had >1 visit in the last year), CIU-related work absences (65% vs 27.5% had >1 day), oral corticosteroid use (84.5% vs 59.6%), quality-of-life impairment (76.1 vs 59.2 SkinDex score), and serum tryptase levels (5.1 ng/mL vs 3.9 ng/mL). CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar demographic characteristics and basophil profiles as patients with CIU-NSC, patients with CIU-SC have features of greater disease burden (work absences, emergency department visits, and corticosteroid use), quality-of-life impairment, and baseline serum tryptase levels.


Assuntos
Basófilos/imunologia , Histamina/metabolismo , Urticária/diagnóstico , Adulto , Artralgia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Rubor , Cefaleia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Triptases/sangue , Urticária/imunologia , Urticária/fisiopatologia
20.
Cancer Res ; 77(6): 1261-1270, 2017 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28254862

RESUMO

Mastocytosis is a term used to denote a heterogeneous group of conditions defined by the expansion and accumulation of clonal (neoplastic) tissue mast cells in various organs. The classification of the World Health Organization (WHO) divides the disease into cutaneous mastocytosis, systemic mastocytosis, and localized mast cell tumors. On the basis of histomorphologic criteria, clinical parameters, and organ involvement, systemic mastocytosis is further divided into indolent systemic mastocytosis and advanced systemic mastocytosis variants, including aggressive systemic mastocytosis and mast cell leukemia. The clinical impact and prognostic value of this classification has been confirmed in numerous studies, and its basic concept remains valid. However, refinements have recently been proposed by the consensus group, the WHO, and the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis. In addition, new treatment options are available for patients with advanced systemic mastocytosis, including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and multikinase inhibitors directed against KIT D816V and other key signaling molecules. Our current article provides an overview of recent advances in the field of mastocytosis, with emphasis on classification, prognostication, and emerging new treatment options in advanced systemic mastocytosis. Cancer Res; 77(6); 1261-70. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Mastocitose/classificação , Mastocitose/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA