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1.
ChemMedChem ; 14(24): 2075-2083, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677361

RESUMO

Investigations on the antitumor activity of metallacarboranes are sparse in the literature and limited to a handful of ruthena- and molybdacarboranes. In this study, the molybdacarborane fragment [3-(CO)2 -closo-3,1,2-MoC2 B9 H11 ] was combined with a vector molecule, inspired by the well-known drug tamoxifen or 4,4'-dihydroxytamoxifen (TAM-diOH). The molybdacarborane derivative [3,3-{4-[1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)but-1-en-2-yl]-2,2'-bipyridine-κ2 N,N'}-3-(CO)2 -closo-3,1,2-MoC2 B9 H11 ] (10), as well as the ligand itself 4-[1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)but-1-en-2-yl]-2,2'-bipyridine (6) showed cytotoxic activities in the low micromolar range against breast adenocarcinoma (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-361 and MCF-7), human glioblastoma (LN-229) and human glioma (U-251) cell lines. In addition, compounds 6 and 10 were found to induce senescence and cytodestructive autophagy, lower ROS/RNS levels, but only the molybdacarborane 10 induced a strong increase of nitric oxide (NO) concentration in the MCF-7 cells.

2.
Chemistry ; 25(36): 8550-8559, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002195

RESUMO

The molybdacarboranes [3-{L-κ2 N,N}-3-(CO)2 -closo-3,1,2-MoC2 B9 H11 ] (L=2,2'-bipyridine (2,2'-bpy, 1 a) or 1,10-phenanthroline (1,10-phen, 1 b)) incorporating well-known potentially non-innocent ligands (CO, 2,2'-bpy, 1,10-phen) and the "non-spectator" nido-carborane ([η5 -C2 B9 H11 ]2- ) ligand were prepared and fully characterised. High-resolution mass spectrometry, single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, spectroscopy (IR, (resonance) Raman, NMR), cyclic voltammetry and spectroelectrochemistry (electrochemical properties) were supported by theoretical investigations of the electronic structure (DFT, CAS-SCF, TD-DFT).

3.
Chemistry ; 24(23): 6208-6216, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29441623

RESUMO

Carborane-substituted 1,2-diphosphetanes (Ia,b) react with elemental lithium in THF with cleavage of the P-P bond to give a deep red solution from which, in the case of Ia, red crystals of a lithiated intermediate, [{1-Li(THF)PtBu-6-PtBu-4,1,6-closo-Li(THF)C2 B10 H10 }{Li(THF)3 }]2 ⋅2 THF (2 a), are obtained. The compound is dimeric, C2 -symmetric and contains six lithium and four phosphorus atoms. Two lithium atoms cap the six-membered C2 B4 faces, resulting in two 13-vertex closo-clusters (according to Wade's rules) with docosahedral geometry. The addition of methyl iodide resulted in the formation of zwitterionic bis-phosphonium-nido-carborates 7,10-bis(tert-butyldimethylphosphonium)dodecahydro-7,10-dicarba-nido-dodecaborate(2-) (1 a) and 7,10-bis(N,N-diisopropylaminodimethylphosphonium)dodecahydro-7,10-dicarba-nido-dodecaborate(2-) (1 b) in moderate to good yields. Compounds 1 a and 1 b exhibit short Ccluster -P bonds and large Ccluster ⋅⋅⋅Ccluster distances in the solid state. Further insight into the ring opening and reduction potential of the alkyl halide was obtained from methylation reactions of different 1,2-bis-phosphinocarboranes. The reaction of rac-/meso-1,2-bis(tert-butylmethylphosphino)-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane(12) (3 a) with two equivalents of methyl iodide also resulted in the formation of 1 a (as shown by NMR spectroscopy), whereas the reaction of 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane(12) with methyl triflate afforded the phosphonium salt 1-methyl-diphenylphosphonium-2-diphenylphosphino-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane(12) triflate (4) without reduction of the cluster.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 46(36): 12067-12080, 2017 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28799598

RESUMO

Three [(η6-arene)RuC2B9H11] complexes (arene = p-cymene (2), biphenyl (3) and 1-Me-4-COOEt-C6H4 (4)) were synthesised according to modified literature procedures and fully characterised. 2-4 were found to be moderately active against two types of tumour cell lines (HCT116 and MCF7), with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. However, viability of normal, healthy cells (MRC-5 cell line, MLEC and mouse macrophages) was not affected by treatment with 2-4, indicating high selectivity of the metallacarborane complexes towards tumour cell lines, compared to the unselective antitumour agent cisplatin and other potential RuII drugs. Moreover, flow cytometric analysis suggested that 4 induces cell death via a caspase-dependent apoptotic mechanism. DFT calculations of the frontier molecular orbitals showed that the HOMO-LUMO gap in 2-4 is smaller than in the corresponding cyclopentadienyl complexes 2-Cp-4-Cp (e.g. 5.47 (2) vs. 6.31 eV (2-Cp)). In order to assess the stability of 2-4, particularly the ruthenium-dicarbollide bond, energy decomposition analysis (EDA) of 2-4, together with the respective cyclopentadienyl analogues 2-Cp-4-Cp, was performed. EDA suggests that the ruthenium(ii)-dicarbollide bond in the three complexes is mostly ionic and far stronger than the ruthenium(ii)-arene bond.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Rutênio/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Boranos/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Conformação Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Termodinâmica
5.
Inorg Chem ; 56(1): 292-304, 2017 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27958718

RESUMO

Racemic carborane-based bisphosphanes were obtained by dismutation reactions between a carborane-based diphosphetane and diaryl dichalogenides. NMR spectroscopic and theoretical studies revealed a two-step mechanism explaining the high stereoselectivity of these reactions. The coordination chemistry of the multidentate P,N ligands 6c and 6d in copper(I) and silver(I) complexes was studied. While 6d acted exclusively as tetradentate ligand, 6c showed either tridentate or tetradentate coordination depending on the metal and the counterion.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(28): 8944-7, 2015 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26135846

RESUMO

This study details the formal hydrogenation of two magnesium(I) dimers {(Nacnac)Mg}2 (Nacnac = [{(C6H3R2-2,6)NCMe}2CH](-); R = Pr(i) ((Dip)Nacnac), Et ((Dep)Nacnac)) using 1,3-cyclohexadiene. These reactions afford the magnesium(II) hydride complexes, {(Nacnac)Mg(µ-H)}2. Their reactions with excess CO are sterically controlled and lead cleanly to different C-C coupled products, viz. the ethenediolate complex, ((Dip)Nacnac)Mg{κ(1)-O-[((Dip)Nacnac)Mg(κ(2)-O,O-O2C2H2)]}, and the first cyclopropanetriolate complex of any metal, cis-{((Dep)Nacnac)Mg}3{µ-C3(H3)O3}. Computational studies imply the CO activation processes proceed via very similar mechanisms to those previously reported for related reactions involving f-block metal hydride compounds. This work highlights the potential magnesium compounds hold for use in the "Fischer-Tropsch-like" transformation of CO/H2 mixtures to value added oxygenate products.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(31): 6854-7, 2015 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25791698

RESUMO

The first structurally characterised two-coordinate hydrido-germylenes, :Ge(H)L (L = -N(Ar){Si(OBu)}, Ar = C6H2{C(H)Ph2}2R-2,6,4; R = Pr(i) ((tBuO)L(†)), Me ((tBuO)L*)), have been prepared, and their dimerisation shown to be thermodynamically unfavourable, largely due to the extreme steric bulk of their amide ligands.

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