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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate fetal/perinatal and maternal outcomes from a large multicentre cohort of women diagnosed with UCTD. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective cohort study describes the outcomes of 224 pregnancies in 133 consecutive women with a diagnosis of UCTD, positive for ANA and aged <45 years old at study inclusion. RESULTS: Of the 224 pregnancies analysed, 177 (79%) resulted in live births, 45 (20.1%) in miscarriages (defined as pregnancy loss before 12 weeks' gestation), 2 (0.9%) in stillbirths (pregnancy loss after 20 weeks' gestation) and 6 (2.7%) cases showed intrauterine growth restriction. Miscarriages and stillbirths were strongly associated with the presence of aPL and ENA antibodies (P < 0.05). Maternal pregnancy complications were as follows: 5 (2.2%) cases developed pre-eclampsia, 11 (4.9%) cases gestational hypertension and 12 (5.4%) cases gestational diabetes. Joint involvement represented the most frequent clinical manifestation of the cohort (57.9%), followed by RP (40.6%), photosensitivity (32.3%) and haematological manifestations (27.1%). The rate of disease evolution of our cohort from a diagnosis of UCTD to a diagnosis of definite CTD was 12% within a mean time of 5.3 ± 2.8 years. With a total follow-up after first pregnancy of 1417 patient-years, we observed the evolution to a defined CTD in one out of every 88 patient- years. CONCLUSION: In our multicentre cohort, women with UCTD had a live birth rate of 79%. Women with UCTD should be referred to specialist follow-up when planning a pregnancy. ENA profiling and aPL testing should be mandatory in this setting, and further therapeutic approaches and management should be planned accordingly.

2.
J Nephrol ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study we aimed to evaluate the usefulness of domain profiling of Beta-2-glycoprotein I(ß2GPI)-Domain-1 (D1) antibodies in relation to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)-related nephropathy (aPL-N) in patients with biopsy-proven lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Of 124 consecutive patients (96 women, mean age 45.5 ± 12.3 years, mean disease duration 14.7 ± 9.6 years) fulfilling the 1982 criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we identified 39 patients (mean age 39.84 ± 8.6 years, mean disease duration 11.3 ± 7.7 years) with the following characteristics: (a) biopsy-proven LN; (b) no previous diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) according to the current classification criteria. RESULTS: Patients with both LN and aPL-N had higher median aß2GPI-D1 antibody titres (220.1 CU, 25-75th IQ 29.1-334.2) as compared those with LN alone (46.5 CU, 25-75th IQ 12.5-75.1) (p = 0.0087). Median aß2GPI-D1 antibody titres were higher in patients with acute thrombotic microangiopathy (aTMA) (N = 7) (250.1 CU, 25-75th IQ 61.2-334.2) vs. with LN alone (46.5 CU, 25-75th IQ 12.5-75.1 CU) (p = 0.0009). Having a Global Antiphospholipid Syndrome Score > 10 confers an increased probability of having acute features of aTMA (OR 6.25, 95%CI 1.2-31.8). As compared to other aPL, aß2GPI-D1 antibodies have the best diagnostic accuracy for aTMA as evaluated by performances in Area Under the Curves in a ROC analysis. CONCLUSIONS: aß2GPI-D1 antibodies detection might provide a second-line assay to be performed in aß2GPI positive patients with LN, allowing more accurate stratification of the renal vascular involvement risk, thus potentially leading to a more tailored management.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify the aggregation of patients with aPL into different subgroups sharing common features in terms of clinical and laboratory phenotypes. METHODS: We applied a hierarchical cluster analysis from the multiple correspondence analysis to determine subgroups of patients according to clinical and laboratory characteristics in a cohort of subjects with confirmed aPL positivity who presented to our outpatient clinics from 2006 to 2018. RESULTS: A total of 486 patients [403 women; age 41.7 years (26)] were included, resulting in five clusters. Cluster 1 (n= 150) presented with thrombotic events (65.3% with venous thrombosis), with triple aPL positivity found in 34.7% of them (the highest rate among the different clusters). All the patients from cluster 2 (n = 91) had a confirmed diagnosis of SLE and the highest rate of anti-dsDNA positivity (91.7%). Cluster 3 included 79 women with pregnancy morbidity. Triple positivity was present in 3.8%, significantly lower when compared with Cluster 1 (34.7% versus 3.8%, P <0.01). Cluster 4 included 67 patients, 28 (41.8%) of whom with APS. Thrombotic events were observed in 23.9% patients. Cluster 4 had the highest rate of cytopenia, with thrombocytopenia as high 41.8% with no anti-dsDNA antibodies. Cluster 5 included 94 asymptomatic aPL carriers. CONCLUSION: While clusters 1, 2, 3 and 5 corresponded to well-known entities, cluster 4 might represent a bridging condition between pure primary APS and defined SLE, with lower thrombotic risk when compared with primary APS but higher general features such as ANA and cytopenia (mainly thrombocytopenia).

5.
Curr Opin Crit Care ; 25(6): 573-579, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689245

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with glomerular diseases and specifically the mechanisms of development of AKI in the wide spectrum of glomerulopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: The immune system and the kidneys are closely linked. In healthy individuals, the kidneys contribute to immune homeostasis, whereas components of the immune system mediate many acute forms of kidney disease. Both crescentic and noncrescentic forms of acute glomerulonephritis can present as AKI. The diagnosis of glomerular diseases underlying AKI requires a high degree of suspicion coupled with an algorithmic approach to laboratory investigations. Renal biopsy represents the gold standard for the diagnosis of medical conditions of the kidney. The main clinical-biological presentations of glomerular diseases are acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN). All these presentations can be worsened by AKI both in the onset and in the clinical course. Heavy proteinuria and macroscopic hematuria can be directly involved in the development of AKI. SUMMARY: AKI associated with glomerular diseases is not uncommon. Sometimes it represents an emergency case. The understanding of the various mechanisms underlying kidney diseases is improving, and may aid in their prevention and treatment.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 6: 211, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612138

RESUMO

Introduction: Recurrent thrombotic events are a hallmark of Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS). However, biomarkers to identify if a patient with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) is at higher risk to develop an arterial or a venous event are lacking. Recently, the pathogenic role of anti-high-density lipoproteins antibodies (anti-HDL) in the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in autoimmunity has emerged. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of IgG anti-HDL antibodies in a cohort of thrombotic APS patients and to investigate their association with clinical outcomes. Methods: Serum levels of IgG anti-HDL antibodies, total IgG, and complete aPL profile were assessed in 60 APS patients and 80 healthy donors (HDs) by immunoassays. Results: Higher levels of IgG anti-HDL were found in APS patients compared to HDs (p < 0.001), even after correcting for total IgG levels (p < 0.001). No associations with treatments or traditional cardiovascular risk factors, except for smoking habit (p < 0.0001), were found. Patients who experienced at least one arterial event (n = 30) had significantly higher levels of anti-HDL antibodies when compared to patients with venous thrombosis (n = 30, p = 0.046), this difference being stronger when adjusting for total IgG (p = 0.007). Additionally, patients tested positive for antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin (IgG/IgM) antibodies had significantly higher levels of anti-HDL antibodies (p = 0.045). Conclusions: Increased levels of IgG anti-HDL antibodies can be found in APS, mainly in patients with arterial thrombosis, independently of aPL antibodies and traditional risk factors. These findings point to a role of anti-HDL antibodies in APS and support their use as a potential biomarker for arterial thrombotic events.

7.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(12): 1920-1926, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article aims to analyse the rate of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) negativisation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), and to evaluate potential new clinical manifestations after negativisation and/or aPL fluctuations in a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Inclusion criteria are (1) any patients with an APS diagnosis according to the current Sydney criteria and (2) patients in whom aPL negativisation occurred. aPL negativisation was defined as repeated aPL measurements on at least two consecutive occasions at least 12 weeks apart, with a follow-up of at least 1 year since aPL first turned negative. RESULTS: Out of 259 APS patients, a total of 23 patients (8.9%) met the inclusion criteria for persistent aPL negativisation. Patients were followed-up for 14.4 ± 8.1 years, experienced aPL negativisation after a mean of 5.3 ± 3.5 years and were followed-up after experiencing the aPL negativisation for a mean of 7.6 ± 5.8 years. Seventeen patients (73.9%) presented with thrombotic APS, 2 with pregnancy morbidity (8.7%) and 4 (17.4%) with both. Most of the patients (18; 78.3%) had a single aPL positivity, 5 (21.7%) double, while no triple aPL positivity was observed. At the time of data collection, after aPL negativisation, anticoagulation was stopped in 8 patients with previous thrombotic venous event (8/21, 38%) according to the treating physicians' judgements. None of the patients experienced any recurrent thrombotic event during the follow-up period after their aPL negativisation. CONCLUSION: In our patient cohort consisting of 259 patients with definitive APS, we observed over a mean observation period of > 5 years, that aPL negativisation occurred in approximately 9% of patients. Negativisation occurred most often in patients who were previously found to be positive for only one aPL.

10.
J Thromb Haemost ; 17(12): 2069-2080, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Variability remains a challenge in lupus anticoagulant (LA) testing. OBJECTIVE: To validate LA test performance between Antiphospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and International Networking (APS ACTION) Core laboratories and examine agreement in LA status between Core and local/hospital laboratories contributing patients to this prospective registry. METHODS: Five Core laboratories used the same reagents, analyzer type, protocols, and characterized samples for LA validation. Non-anticoagulated registry samples were retested at the corresponding regional Core laboratories and anticoagulated samples at a single Core laboratory. Categorical agreement and discrepancies in LA status between Core and local/hospital laboratories were analyzed. RESULTS: Clotting times for the reference/characterized plasmas used for normalized ratios were similar between Core laboratories (CV <4%); precision and agreement for LA positive/negative plasma were similar (all CV ≤5%) in the four laboratories that completed both parts of the validation exercise; 418 registry samples underwent LA testing. Agreement for LA positive/negative status between Core and local/hospital laboratories was observed in 87% (115/132) non-anticoagulated and 77% (183/237) anticoagulated samples. However, 28.7% (120/418) of samples showed discordance between the Core and local/hospital laboratories or equivocal LA results. Some of the results of the local/hospital laboratories might have been unreliable in 24.7% (41/166) and 23% (58/252) of the total non-anticoagulated and anticoagulated samples, respectively. Equivocal results by the Core laboratory might have also contributed to discordance. CONCLUSIONS: Laboratories can achieve good agreement in LA performance by use of the same reagents, analyzer type, and protocols. The standardized Core laboratory results underpin accurate interpretation of APS ACTION clinical data.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 6308-6318, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347786

RESUMO

This translational multi-centre study explored early changes in serologic variables following B lymphocyte depletion by rituximab (RTX) treatment in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and investigated in vitro effects on the activity of other immune cells and the vascular endothelium. Eighty-five SLE patients, seventy-five RA patients and ninety healthy donors were enrolled. Two additional cohorts of selected SLE and RA patients were treated with RTX for 3 months. Changes in circulating levels of inflammatory mediators, oxidative stress markers and NETosis-derived bioproducts were evaluated. Serum miRNomes were identified by next-generation sequencing, and RTX-induced changes were delineated. Mechanistic in vitro studies were performed to assess activity profiles. Altered inflammatory, oxidative and NETosis-derived biomolecules were found in SLE and RA patients, closely interconnected and associated to specific miRNA profiles. RTX treatment reduced SLE and RA patients' disease activity, linked to a prominent alteration in those biomolecules and the reversal of altered regulating miRNAs. In vitro studies showed inhibition of NETosis and decline of pro-inflammatory profiles of leucocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) after B cell depletion. This study provides evidence supporting an early RTX-induced re-setting of the pro-inflammatory status in SLE and RA, involving a re-establishment of the homeostatic equilibrium in immune system and the vascular wall.

12.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(3): 464-468, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and history of recurrent thrombosis have higher levels of adjusted Global AntiphosPholipid Syndrome Score (aGAPSS) when compared to patients without recurrent thrombosis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-positive patients, we identified APS patients with a history of documented thrombosis from the AntiPhospholipid Syndrome Alliance For Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking (APS ACTION) Clinical Database and Repository ("Registry"). Data on aPL-related medical history and cardiovascular risk factors were retrospectively collected. The aGAPSS was calculated at Registry entry by adding the points corresponding to the risk factors: three for hyperlipidemia, one for arterial hypertension, five for positive anticardiolipin antibodies, four for positive anti-ß2 glycoprotein-I antibodies and four for positive lupus anticoagulant test. RESULTS: The analysis included 379 APS patients who presented with arterial and/or venous thrombosis. Overall, significantly higher aGAPSS were seen in patients with recurrent thrombosis (arterial or venous) compared to those without recurrence (7.8 ±â€¯3.3 vs. 6 ±â€¯3.9, p<0.05). When analyzed based on the site of the recurrence, patients with recurrent arterial, but not venous, thrombosis had higher aGAPSS (8.1 ± SD 2.9 vs. 6 ±â€¯3.9; p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Based on analysis of our international large-scale Registry of aPL-positive patients, the aGAPSS might help risk stratifying patients based on the likelihood of developing recurrent thrombosis in APS.

13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(11): 2000-2008, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to investigate foetal and maternal pregnancy outcomes from a large multicentre cohort of women diagnosed with MCTD and anti-U1RNP antibodies. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective cohort study describes the outcomes of 203 pregnancies in 94 consecutive women ever pregnant who fulfilled the established criteria for MCTD with confirmed U1RNP positivity. RESULTS: The foetal outcomes in 203 pregnancies were as follows: 146 (71.9%) live births, 38 (18.7%) miscarriages (first trimester pregnancy loss of <12 weeks gestation), 18 (8.9%) stillbirths (pregnancy loss after 20 weeks gestation) and 11 (5.4%) cases with intrauterine growth restriction. Maternal pregnancy outcomes were as follows: 8 (3.9%) developed pre-eclampsia, 2 (0.9%) developed eclampsia, 31 (15.3%) developed gestational hypertension and 3 (1.5%) developed gestational diabetes. Women with MCTD and aPL and pulmonary or muscular involvement had worse foetal outcomes compared with those without. Moreover, we report a case of complete congenital heart block (0.45%) and a case of cutaneous neonatal lupus, both born to a mother with positive isolated anti-U1RNP and negative anti-Ro/SSA antibodies. CONCLUSION: In our multicentre cohort, women with MCTD had a live birth rate of 72%. While the true frequency of heart block associated with anti-U1RNP remains to be determined, this study might raise the consideration of echocardiographic surveillance in this setting. Pregnancy counselling should be considered in women with MCTD.

14.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 31(5): 499-504, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090590

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review focuses on the new therapeutic opportunities offered by the combination of biological drugs, mainly Rituximab, with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). RECENT FINDINGS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known to be the etiologic agent in the majority of patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome. Clinical research has been focused on antiviral drugs and, more recently, on the new, highly potent DAAs. New DAAs assure sustained virologic response (SVR) rates greater than 90% with relief of mild-to-moderate symptoms. SUMMARY: Mixed cryoglobulinemia may present with multiorgan vasculitis involving kidneys, joints, skin, and peripheral nerves. Data on DAAs efficacy in HCV-associated cryoglobulinemic vasculitis are disappointing possibly because of the inability of these drugs to suppress the immune-mediated process once it has been triggered. Immunosuppression has often been employed in the past as a first-line therapy in cryoglobulinemic vasculitis despite the potential risk of the infection exacerbation. However, more manageable Rituximab-based therapeutic approaches have been more recently used without increase of viral load. Rituximab substantially changed the outcome of HCV-associated cryoglobulinemic vasculitis by providing long-term remission. A combination schedule of DAAs and Rituximab may result in eradication of both cryoglobulinemic vasculitis and HCV infection.

16.
Front Immunol ; 10: 376, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891041

RESUMO

Background: Is it well-known that one of the major drawbacks of Lupus Anticoagulant (LA) test is their sensitivity to anticoagulant therapy, due to the coagulation based principle. In this study we aimed to assess the reproducibility of LA testing and to evaluate the performance of solid assay phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies. Methods: We included 60 patients that fulfilled the following inclusion criteria: (I) diagnosis of thrombotic antiphospholipid syndrome (APS); (II) patients with thrombosis and (a) inconstant previous LA positivity and/or (b) positivity for antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) at low-medium titers [defined as levels of anti-ß2Glycoprotein-I or anticardiolipin (IgG/IgM) 10-30 GPL/MPL] with no previous evidence of LA positivity. aPL testing was performed blindly in 4 centers undertaking periodic external quality assessment. Results: The 60 patients enrolled were distributed as follows: 43 (71.7%) with thrombotic APS, 7 (11.7%) with thrombosis and inconstant LA positivity and 10 (16.7%) with low-medium aPL titers. Categorical agreement for LA among the centers ranged from 0.41 to 0.60 (Cohen's kappa coefficient; moderate agreement). The correlation determined at the 4 sites for aPS/PT was strong, both quantitatively (Spearman rho 0.84) and when dichotomized (Cohen's kappa coefficients = 0.81 to 1.0). Discordant (as defined by lack of agreement in ≥3 laboratories) or inconclusive LA results were observed in 27/60 (45%) cases; when limiting the analysis to those receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA), the level of discordant LA results was as high as 75%(15/20). Conversely, aPS/PT testing showed an overall agreement of 83% (up to 90% in patients receiving VKA), providing an overall increase in test reproducibility of +28% when compared to LA, becoming even more evident (+65%) when analyzing patients on VKA. In patients treated with VKA, we observed a good correlation for aPS/PT IgG testing (Cohen's kappa coefficients = 0.81-1; Spearman rho 0.86). Conclusion: Despite the progress in the standardization of aPL testing, we observed up to 45% of overall discrepant results for LA, even higher in patients on VKA. The introduction of aPS/PT testing might represent a further diagnostic tool, especially when LA testing is not available or the results are uncertain.

17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 48(5): 406-412, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30860627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the frequency of oral involvement, there are unexpectedly few studies of either on the oral manifestations of pemphigus or their long-term management, and diagnostic delay in Dentistry is frequent. METHODS: We have examined outcome of patients presenting with predominantly oral pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Ninety-eight subjects were followed up for 85.12 months and treated with systemic steroids: 48 of them received adjunctive therapy with azathioprine, 16 with rituximab, 13 with mycophenolate mofetil, three with immunoglobulin and one with dapsone. RESULTS: Clinical remission was achieved in 80 patients (84.21%); 39 of them were off therapy and 41 on therapy. Fifteen patients were not in remission, having been under systemic therapy for 72.16 months. Sixty-nine patients developed detectable adverse effects. Two fatal outcomes were recorded. Each additional year of steroid therapy ensured 47% chance of developing 1 or 2 side effects, and 64% chance of developing more than 3 (ORs 1.47, CI 1.162-1.903; ORs 1.64, CI 1.107-2.130, respectively). CONCLUSION: In one of the largest available cohort with the longest follow-up ever reported, we observed that the management remains need-based and patient-specific, still relying on systemic corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca/tratamento farmacológico , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Pênfigo/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Thromb Res ; 175: 32-36, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The APS ACTION International Clinical Database and Repository includes a secure web-based data capture system storing patient information including demographics, antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)-related medical history, and aPL tests. Despite efforts at harmonization, inter-assay variability remains a problem in aPL testing. As a clinical repository open to researchers, ensuring comparability between assays and consistency in results between APS ACTION laboratories is essential to the validity of studies emerging from this network. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between an aPL-registry inclusion and core laboratory (core lab) anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) and anti-ß2-glycoprotein-I antibody (aß2GPI) ELISA testing results. METHODS: Patients are recruited from 25 international centers based on positive aPL tests at inclusion. All samples are retested at the corresponding national APS ACTION core lab to confirm aPL positivity based on standard validated protocols. We analysed the categorical agreement, degree of linear association, and correlation between inclusion (local laboratory) and core lab aPL tests. Samples were included in this study only if results of aPL testing with ELISA at baseline were available. RESULTS: 497 registry samples underwent confirmatory aPL tests. Categorical agreement between the inclusion and core lab values, as expressed by Cohen's kappa coefficients, ranged between 0.61 and 0.80 (as substantial agreement). The correlation between quantitative results in the aCL and aß2GPI was better for IgM and IgA compared to IgG (Spearman rho 0.789 and 0.666 vs. 0.600 for aCL and rho 0.892 and 0.744 vs. 0.432 for aß2GPI). CONCLUSIONS: The results of inclusion for aCL and aß2GPI tests used for recruitment into the registry were in agreement to the results obtained by the APS ACTION core laboratories; aCL and aß2GPI results showed very good categorical agreement. This agreement increased when considering high titer (>40 units) samples. APS ACTION is a reliable and useful research resource for APS.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(4): 741-744, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term effect of B-cell depletion therapy with Rituximab (RTX) alone as rescue therapy in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) patients with severe thrombocytopenia. METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved data from patients who met the following inclusion criteria: (a) persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) positivity and fulfilled the Sydney criteria for PAPS (b) presented with severe thrombocytopenia (platelets <50,000/mm3) (c) were treated with RTX as a rescue therapy (d) had at least 1 year of follow-up after B-cells depletion therapy. RESULTS: This retrospective study included 6 consecutive female PAPS patients [median age 49.5 (range 38-66)] who presented with severe thrombocytopenia (platelets <50,000/mm3, mean value 31,000 ± 9000/mm3). We observed a full response (defined as >150,000 platelets/mm3) after treatment with RTX in 5 out of 6 patients (83.3%). Among responders, after a median follow-up of more than 4 years, we observed a median time free from relapse of 43 months (range 12-97). One patient did not respond to the B-cell depletion therapy and was treated with a splenectomy 1 month after RTX therapy and platelets levels normalized after 3 months. No adverse events were reported, no patients developed significant infections. Importantly, the patients required no further maintenance therapy for the thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSION: In one of the longest-term observational (median 43 months) studies, sustained clinical remission of severe thrombocytopenia without immunosuppressive maintenance therapy was obtained by RTX alone in patients with PAPS and severe thrombocytopenia intolerant or refractory to conventional therapy.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Trombocitopenia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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