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1.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(9): 1514-1525, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465156

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the ability to kneel after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patellar resurfacing, and its effect on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Secondary aims included identifying which kneeling positions were most important to patients, and the influence of radiological parameters on the ability to kneel before and after TKA. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study involved 209 patients who underwent single radius cruciate-retaining TKA without patellar resurfacing. Preoperative EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and the ability to achieve four kneeling positions were assessed including a single leg kneel, a double leg kneel, a high-flexion kneel, and a praying position. The severity of radiological osteoarthritis (OA) was graded and the pattern of OA was recorded intraoperatively. The flexion of the femoral component, posterior condylar offset, and anterior femoral offset were measured radiologically. At two to four years postoperatively, 151 patients with a mean age of 70.0 years (SD 9.44) were included. Their mean BMI was 30.4 kg/m2 (SD 5.36) and 60 were male (40%). They completed EQ-5D, OKS, and Kujala scores, assessments of the ability to kneel, and a visual analogue scale for anterior knee pain and satisfaction. RESULTS: The ability to kneel in the four positions improved in between 29 (19%) and 53 patients (35%) after TKA, but declined in between 35 (23%) and 46 patients (30%). Single-leg kneeling was most important to patients. After TKA, 62 patients (41%) were unable to achieve a single-leg kneel, 76 (50%) were unable to achieve a double-leg kneel, 102 (68%) were unable to achieve a high-flexion kneel and 61 (40%) were unable to achieve a praying position. Posterolateral cartilage loss significantly affected preoperative deep flexion kneeling (p = 0.019). A postoperative inability to kneel was significantly associated with worse OKS, Kujala scores, and satisfaction (p < 0.05). Multivariable regression analysis identified significant independent associations with the ability to kneel after TKA (p < 0.05): better preoperative EQ-5D and flexion of the femoral component for single-leg kneeling; the ability to achieve it preoperatively and flexion of the femoral component for double-leg kneeling; male sex for high-flexion kneeling; and the ability to achieve it preoperatively, anterior femoral offset, and patellar cartilage loss for the praying position. CONCLUSION: The ability to kneel was important to patients and significantly influenced knee-specific PROMs, but was poorly restored by TKA with equal chances of improvement or decline. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(9):1514-1525.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Articulação Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Patelofemoral/fisiopatologia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Knee ; 31: 54-63, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if radiographic severity, extent or pattern of knee osteoarthritis was associated with pain and function before total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or improvement therein one year after TKA. METHODS: A prospective study of 259 patients undergoing unilateral TKA for Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade ≥ 3 knee osteoarthritis was conducted: mean age 69.8 ± 9.7 (44-91); mean BMI 31.0 ± 5.8 (17-52); 152/259 (58.7%) female. Preoperative radiographs were assessed using the KL and Ahlback systems. Preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively patients completed Oxford Knee Scores, VAS-Pain and EQ-5D scores. Full thickness cartilage loss was recorded intraoperatively. RESULTS: Median radiographic severity was Ahlback 2, KL 4: 51/259 (19.7%) hypertrophic; 23/259 (8.8%) atrophic. Neither Ahlback nor Kellgren-Lawrence OA grade was associated with OKS, VAS Pain or EQ-5D prior to TKA (p > 0.05). The extent and pattern of cartilage loss did not affect preoperative PROMs. Radiographic OA severity, compartment involvement, and pattern of cartilage loss were not significantly associated with PROMs or improvements therein following TKA (p > 0.05). Hypertrophic OA was associated with less pain before TKA (difference 6.8, 0.23-13.9 95%CI, p = 0.044), and worse improvement in OKS following TKA (difference -3.41, -6.8 to -0.05 95%CI, p = 0.047). Better preoperative OKS and hypertrophic OA were independently associated with poorer improvement in OKS 1 year following TKA (R2 = 0.208). CONCLUSION: Provided at least one compartment has KL grade ≥ 3 changes, further radiographic severity, pattern or extent of cartilage loss did not affect PROMs before or after TKA: multicompartmental was no worse than unicompartmental disease.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Cartilagem , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Knee Surg Relat Res ; 33(1): 19, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172101

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether unrestricted weight-bearing as tolerated (WBAT) following lateral locking plate (LLP) fixation of periprosthetic distal femoral fractures (PDFFs) is associated with increased failure and reoperation, compared with restricted weight-bearing (RWB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with unilateral PDFFs undergoing LLP fixation, patients prescribed WBAT were compared with those prescribed 6 weeks of RWB. The primary outcome measure was reoperation. Kaplan-Meier and Cox multivariable analyses were performed. RESULTS: There were 43 patients (mean age 80.9 ± 11.7 years, body mass index 26.8 ± 5.7 kg/m2 and 86.0% female): 28 WBAT and 15 RWB. There were more interprosthetic fractures in the RWB group (p = 0.040). Mean follow-up was 3.8 years (range 1.0-10.4). Eight patients (18.6%) underwent reoperation. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated no difference in 2-year survival between WBAT (80.6%, 95% CI 65.3-95.9) and RWB (83.3%, 95% CI 62.1-100.0; p = 0.54). Cox analysis showed increased reoperation risk with medial comminution (hazard ratio 10.7, 95% CI 1.5-80; p = 0.020) and decreased risk with anatomic reduction (hazard ratio 0.11, 95% CI 0.01-1.0; p = 0.046). Immediate weight-bearing did not significantly affect the risk of reoperation compared with RWB (relative risk 1.03, 95% CI 0.61-1.74; p = 0.91). CONCLUSIONS: LLP fixation failure was associated with medial comminution and non-anatomic reductions, not with postoperative weight-bearing. Medial comminution should be managed with additional fixation. Weight-bearing restrictions additional to this appear unnecessary and should be avoided.

4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(5): 846-854, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934639

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), minimal important change (MIC), minimal detectable change (MDC), and patient-acceptable symptom state (PASS) threshold in the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) according to patient satisfaction six months following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: During a one-year period 484 patients underwent a primary TKA and completed preoperative and six-month FJS and OKS. At six months patients were asked, "How satisfied are you with your operated knee?" Their response was recorded as: very satisfied, satisfied, neutral, dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied. The difference between patients recording neutral (n = 44) and satisfied (n = 153) was used to define the MCID. MIC for a cohort was defined as the change in the FJS for those patients declaring their outcome as satisfied, whereas receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the MIC for an individual and the PASS threshold. Distribution-based methodology was used to calculate the MDC. RESULTS: Using satisfaction as the anchor question, the MCID for the FJS was 16.6 (95% confidence interval (CIs) 8.9 to 24.3; p < 0.001) and when adjusting for confounding this decreased to 13.7 points (95% CI 4.8 to 22.5; p < 0.001). The MIC for the FJS for a cohort of patients was 17.7 points and for an individual patient was 10 points. The MDC90 for the FGS was 12 points; where 90% of patients scoring more than this will have experienced a real change that is beyond measurement error. The PASS was defined as 22 points or more in the postoperative FJS. CONCLUSION: The estimates for MCID and MIC can be used to assess whether there is clinical difference between two groups and whether a cohort/patient has had a meaningful change in their FJS, respectively. The MDC90 of 12 points suggests a value lower than this may fall within measurement error. A postoperative FJS of 22 or more was predictive of achieving PASS. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(5):846-854.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Diferença Mínima Clinicamente Importante , Satisfação do Paciente , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(4): 602-609, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789471

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to measure the effect of hospital case volume on the survival of revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of Scottish Arthroplasty Project data, a nationwide audit which prospectively collects data on all arthroplasty procedures performed in Scotland. The primary outcome was RTKA survival at ten years. The primary explanatory variable was the effect of hospital case volume per year on RTKA survival. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to determine the lifespan of RTKA. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards were used to estimate relative revision risks over time. Hazard ratios (HRs) were reported with 95% CI, and p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: From 1998 to 2019, 8,301 patients (8,894 knees) underwent RTKA surgery in Scotland (median age at RTKA 70 years (interquartile range (IQR) 63 to 76); median follow-up 6.2 years (IQR 3.0 to 10.2). In all, 4,764 (53.6%) were female, and 781 (8.8%) were treated for infection. Of these 8,894 knees, 957 (10.8%) underwent a second revision procedure. Male sex, younger age at index revision, and positive infection status were associated with need for re-revision. The ten-year survival estimate for RTKA was 87.3% (95% CI 86.5 to 88.1). Adjusting for sex, age, surgeon volume, and indication for revision, high hospital case volume was significantly associated with lower risk of re-revision (HR 0.78 (95% CI 0.64 to 0.94, p < 0.001)). The risk of re-revision steadily declined in centres performing > 20 cases per year; risk reduction was 16% with > 20 cases; 22% with > 30 cases; and 28% with > 40 cases. The lowest level of risk was associated with the highest volume centres. CONCLUSION: The majority of RTKA in Scotland survive up to ten years. Increasing yearly hospital case volume above 20 cases is independently associated with a significant risk reduction of re-revision. Development of high-volume tertiary centres may lead to an improvement in the overall survival of RTKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(4):602-609.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escócia , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(4): 635-643, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789473

RESUMO

AIMS: Debate continues regarding the optimum management of periprosthetic distal femoral fractures (PDFFs). This study aims to determine which operative treatment is associated with the lowest perioperative morbidity and mortality when treating low (Su type II and III) PDFFs comparing lateral locking plate fixation (LLP-ORIF) or distal femoral arthroplasty (DFA). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 60 consecutive unilateral (PDFFs) of Su types II (40/60) and III (20/60) in patients aged ≥ 60 years: 33 underwent LLP-ORIF (mean age 81.3 years (SD 10.5), BMI 26.7 (SD 5.5); 29/33 female); and 27 underwent DFA (mean age 78.8 years (SD 8.3); BMI 26.7 (SD 6.6); 19/27 female). The primary outcome measure was reoperation. Secondary outcomes included perioperative complications, calculated blood loss, transfusion requirements, functional mobility status, length of acute hospital stay, discharge destination and mortality. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. Cox multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for reoperation after LLP-ORIF. RESULTS: Follow-up was at mean 3.8 years (1.0 to 10.4). One-year mortality was 13% (8/60). Reoperation was more common following LLP-ORIF: 7/33 versus 0/27 (p = 0.008). Five-year survival for reoperation was significantly better following DFA; 100% compared to 70.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 51.8% to 89.8%, p = 0.006). There was no difference for the endpoint mechanical failure (including radiological loosening); ORIF 74.5% (56.3 to 92.7), and DFA 78.2% (52.3 to 100, p = 0.182). Reoperation following LLP-ORIF was independently associated with medial comminution; hazard ratio (HR) 10.7 (1.45 to 79.5, p = 0.020). Anatomical reduction was protective against reoperation; HR 0.11 (0.013 to 0.96, p = 0.046). When inadequately fixed fractures were excluded, there was no difference in five-year survival for either reoperation (p = 0.156) or mechanical failure (p = 0.453). CONCLUSION: Absolute reoperation rates are higher following LLP fixation of low PDFFs compared to DFA. Where LLP-ORIF was well performed with augmentation of medial comminution, there was no difference in survival compared to DFA. Though necessary in very low fractures, DFA should be used with caution in patients with greater life expectancies due to the risk of longer term aseptic loosening. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(4):635-643.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/mortalidade , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Periprotéticas/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Falha de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Bone Jt Open ; 2(3): 203-210, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739125

RESUMO

AIMS: The COVID-19 pandemic led to a national suspension of "non-urgent" elective hip and knee arthroplasty. The study aims to measure the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) volume in Scotland. Secondary objectives are to measure the success of restarting elective services and model the time required to bridge the gap left by the first period of suspension. METHODS: A retrospective observational study using the Scottish Arthroplasty Project dataset. All patients undergoing elective THAs and TKAs during the period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2020 were included. A negative binomial regression model using historical case-volume and mid-year population estimates was built to project the future case-volume of THA and TKA in Scotland. The median monthly case volume was calculated for the period 2008 to 2019 (baseline) and compared to the actual monthly case volume for 2020. The time taken to eliminate the deficit was calculated based upon the projected monthly workload and with a potential workload between 100% to 120% of baseline. RESULTS: Compared to the period 2008 to 2019, primary TKA and THA volume fell by 61.1% and 53.6%, respectively. Since restarting elective services, Scottish hospitals have achieved approximately 40% to 50% of baseline monthly activity. With no changes in current workload, by 2021 there would be a reduction of 9,180 and 10,170 for THA and TKA, respectively. Conversely, working at 120% baseline monthly output, it would take over four years to eliminate the deficit for both TKA and THA. CONCLUSION: This national study demonstrates the significant impact that COVID-19 pandemic has had on overall THA and TKA volume. In the six months after resuming elective services, Scottish hospitals averaged less than 50% normal monthly output. Loss of operating capacity will increase treatment delays and likely worsen overall morbidity. Cite this article: Bone Joint Open 2021;2(3):203-210.

9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(4): 672-680, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752468

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of patients on the waiting list for a total hip (THA) or knee arthroplasty (KA) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Secondary aims were to assess whether length of time on the waiting list influenced quality of life and rate of deferral of surgery. METHODS: During the study period (August and September 2020) 843 patients (THA n = 394, KA n = 449) from ten centres in the UK reported their EuroQol five dimension (EQ-5D) scores and completed a waiting list questionnaire (2020 group). Patient demographic details, procedure, and date when listed were recorded. Patients scoring less than zero for their EQ-5D score were defined to be in a health state "worse than death" (WTD). Data from a retrospective cohort (January 2014 to September 2017) were used as the control group. RESULTS: The 2020 group had a significantly worse EQ-5D score compared to the control group for both THA (p < 0.001) and KA (p < 0.001). Over one-third (35.0%, n = 138/394) of patients waiting for a THA and nearly a quarter (22.3%, n = 100/449) for KA were in a health state WTD, which was significantly greater than the control group (odds ratio 2.30 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.83 to 2.93) and 2.08 (95% CI 1.61 to 2.70), respectively; p < 0.001). Over 80% (n = 680/843) of the 2020 group felt that their quality of life had deteriorated while waiting. Each additional month spent on the waiting list was independently associated with a decrease in quality of life (EQ-5D: -0.0135, p = 0.004). There were 117 (13.9%) patients who wished to defer their surgery and the main reason for this was health concerns for themselves and or their family (99.1%, n = 116/117). CONCLUSION: Over one-third of patients waiting for THA and nearly one-quarter waiting for a KA were in a state WTD, which was approaching double that observed prior to the pandemic. Increasing length of time on the waiting list was associated with decreasing quality of life. Level of evidence: Level III retrospective case control study Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(4):672-680.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , COVID-19 , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Listas de Espera , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(2): 309-320, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517729

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether fixation, as opposed to revision arthroplasty, can be safely used to treat reducible Vancouver B type fractures in association with a cemented collarless polished tapered femoral stem (the Exeter). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study assessed 152 operatively managed consecutive unilateral Vancouver B fractures involving Exeter stems; 130 were managed with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and 22 with revision arthroplasty. Mean follow-up was 6.5 years (SD 2.6; 3.2 to 12.1). The primary outcome measure was revision of at least one component. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. Regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for revision following ORIF. Secondary outcomes included any reoperation, complications, blood transfusion, length of hospital stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Fractures (B1 n = 74 (49%); B2 n = 50 (33%); and B3 n = 28 (18%)) occurred at median of 4.2 years (interquartile range (IQR) 1.2 to 9.2) after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) (n = 138) or hemiarthroplasty (n = 14). Rates of revision and reoperation were significantly higher following revision arthroplasty compared to ORIF for B2 (p = 0.001) and B3 fractures (p = 0.050). Five-year survival was significantly better following ORIF: 92% (95% confidence interval (CI) 86.4% to 97.4%) versus 63% (95% CI 41.7% to 83.3%), p < 0.001. ORIF was associated with reduced blood transfusion requirement and reoperations, but there were no differences in medical complications, hospital stay, or mortality between surgical groups. No independent predictors of revision following ORIF were identified: where the bone-cement interface was intact, fixation of B2 or B3 fractures was not associated with an increased risk of revision. CONCLUSION: When the bone-cement interface was intact and the fracture was anatomically reducible, all Vancouver B fractures around Exeter stems could be managed with fixation as opposed to revision arthroplasty. Fixation was associated with reduced need for blood transfusion and lower risk of revision surgery compared with revision arthroplasty. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(2):309-320.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Redução Aberta , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos Ósseos , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Seguimentos , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/instrumentação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Knee ; 28: 194-201, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes and cost economics of TKA without patella resurfacing in patients with and without patellar cartilage loss. METHODS: Prospective case control study of 209 consecutive patients undergoing TKA without patella resurfacing. Patella cartilage status was documented intra-operatively: 108 patients had patella cartilage loss (mean age 70 ± 9.7, mean BMI 31 ± 6.2, 72 (67%) female) and 101 control patients did not (age 68 ± 9.2, BMI 31 ± 5.6, 52 (51%) female). The primary outcome measure was Oxford Knee Score (OKS) improvement at one year. Secondary outcomes included OKS, EQ-5D, anterior knee pain (AKP), Kujala scores and reoperation at 2-4 years. The cost to prevent secondary patella resurfacing was calculated. RESULTS: There were more women in the patella cartilage loss group (67% Vs 51%, p = 0.037), but no other preoperative characteristics differed. There was no difference in OKS improvement between those with and without patella cartilage loss at 1 year (mean difference -1.03, -3.68 to 1.62 95%CI, p = 0.446) or 2-4 years (mean difference 1.52, -1.43 to 4.45 95%CI, p = 0.310). At 2-4 years there was no difference in AKP (14/87 with vs 17/80 without, p = 0.430) nor Kujala score (mean difference 2.66, -3.82 to 9.13 95%CI, p = 0.418). Routine patella resurfacing would have cost £58,311 to prevent one secondary resurfacing. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in OKS, anterior knee pain, reoperation or Kujala scores up to 2-4 years between patients with and without patellar cartilage loss following TKA without patella resurfacing. Resurfacing for this indication would not have been a cost effective intervention.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação
12.
J Arthroplasty ; 36(2): 434-441, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability of total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA) to facilitate return to work (RTW) when it is the patient's preoperative intent to do so remains unclear. We aimed at determining whether TKA/THA facilitated RTW in patients of working age who intended to return. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 173 consecutive patients <65 years of age, undergoing unilateral TKA (n = 82: median age 58; range, 39-65; 36 [43.9%] male) or THA (n = 91: median age 59; range, 34-65; 42 [46.2%] male) during 2018. Oxford knee/hip scores, Oxford-Activity and Participation Questionnaire, and EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D) scores were measured preoperatively and at 1 year when an employment questionnaire was also completed. RESULTS: Of patients who intended to RTW, 44 of 52 (84.6%) RTW by 1 year following TKA (at mean 14.8 ± 8.4 weeks) and 53 of 60 (88.3%) following THA (at mean 13.6 ± 7.5 weeks). Failure to RTW despite intent was associated with job physicality for TKA (P = .004) and negative preoperative EQ-5D for THA (P = .01). In patients unable to work before surgery due to joint disease, fewer RTW: 4 of 21 (19.0%) after TKA; and 6 of 17 (35.3%) after THA. Preoperative Oxford knee score >18.5 predicted RTW with 74% sensitivity (P < .001); preoperative Oxford hip score >19.5 predicted RTW with 75% sensitivity (P < .001). Preoperative EQ-5D indices were similarly predictive (P < .001). CONCLUSION: In this United Kingdom study, preoperative intent to RTW was the most powerful predictor of actual RTW following TKA/THA. Where patients intend to RTW following TKA/THA, 85% RTW following TKA and 88% following THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Retorno ao Trabalho , Reino Unido
13.
J Orthop Res ; 39(3): 628-636, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352597

RESUMO

At the time of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to realign the lower limb and offload medial compartment knee osteoarthritis, unwanted fractures can propagate from the osteotomy apex. The aim of this study was to use finite element (FE) analysis to determine the effect of hinge location and apical drill holes on cortical stresses and strains in HTO. A monoplanar medial opening wedge HTO was created above the tibial tuberosity in a composite tibia. Using the FE method, intact lateral hinges of different widths were considered (5, 7.5, and 10 mm). Additional apical drill holes (2, 4, and 6 mm diameters) were then incorporated into the 10 mm hinge model. The primary outcome measure was the maximum principal strain in the cortical bone surrounding the hinge axis. Secondary outcomes included the force required for osteotomy opening, minimum principal strain, and mean cortical bone stresses (maximum principal/minimum principal/von Mises). Larger intact hinges (10 mm) were associated with higher cortical bone maximum principal strain and stress, lower minimum principal strain/stress, and required greater force to open. Lateral cortex strain concentrations were present in all scenarios, but extended to the joint surface with the 10 mm hinge. Apical drill holes reduced the mean cortical bone maximum principal strain adjacent to the hinge axis: 2 mm hole 6% reduction; 4 mm 35% reduction; and 6 mm 55% reduction. Incorporating a 4-mm apical drill hole centered 10 mm from the intact lateral cortex maintains a cortical bone hinge, minimizes cortical bone strains and reduces the force required to open the HTO; thus improving control.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fraturas da Tíbia/etiologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
14.
Bone Jt Open ; 1(6): 182-189, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225287

RESUMO

Aims: This study aims to define the epidemiology of trauma presenting to a single centre providing all orthopaedic trauma care for a population of ∼ 900,000 over the first 40 days of the COVID-19 pandemic compared to that presenting over the same period one year earlier. The secondary aim was to compare this with population mobility data obtained from Google. Methods: A cross-sectional study of consecutive adult (> 13 years) patients with musculoskeletal trauma referred as either in-patients or out-patients over a 40-day period beginning on 5 March 2020, the date of the first reported UK COVID-19 death, was performed. This time period encompassed social distancing measures. This group was compared to a group of patients referred over the same calendar period in 2019 and to publicly available mobility data from Google. Results: Orthopaedic trauma referrals reduced by 42% (1,056 compared to 1,820) during the study period, and by 58% (405 compared to 967) following national lockdown. Outpatient referrals reduced by 44%, and inpatient referrals by 36%, and the number of surgeries performed by 36%. The regional incidence of traumatic injury fell from 5.07 (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.79 to 5.35) to 2.94 (95% CI 2.52 to 3.32) per 100,000 population per day. Significant reductions were seen in injuries related to sports and alcohol consumption. No admissions occurred relating to major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 16) or violence against the person. Changes in population mobility and trauma volume from baseline correlated significantly (Pearson's correlation 0.749, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.85, p < 0.001). However, admissions related to fragility fractures remained unchanged compared to the 2019 baseline. Conclusion: The profound changes in social behaviour and mobility during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic have directly correlated with a significant decrease in orthopaedic trauma referrals, but fragility fractures remained unaffected and provision for these patients should be maintained.Cite this article: Bone Joint Open 2020;1-6:182-189.

16.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1219-1228, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634029

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim was to assess the independent influence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on 30-day mortality for patients with a hip fracture. The secondary aims were to determine whether: 1) there were clinical predictors of COVID-19 status; and 2) whether social lockdown influenced the incidence and epidemiology of hip fractures. METHODS: A national multicentre retrospective study was conducted of all patients presenting to six trauma centres or units with a hip fracture over a 46-day period (23 days pre- and 23 days post-lockdown). Patient demographics, type of residence, place of injury, presentation blood tests, Nottingham Hip Fracture Score, time to surgery, operation, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, anaesthetic, length of stay, COVID-19 status, and 30-day mortality were recorded. RESULTS: Of 317 patients with acute hip fracture, 27 (8.5%) had a positive COVID-19 test. Only seven (26%) had suggestive symptoms on admission. COVID-19-positive patients had a significantly lower 30-day survival compared to those without COVID-19 (64.5%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 45.7 to 83.3 vs 91.7%, 95% CI 88.2 to 94.8; p < 0.001). COVID-19 was independently associated with increased 30-day mortality risk adjusting for: 1) age, sex, type of residence (hazard ratio (HR) 2.93; p = 0.008); 2) Nottingham Hip Fracture Score (HR 3.52; p = 0.001); and 3) ASA (HR 3.45; p = 0.004). Presentation platelet count predicted subsequent COVID-19 status; a value of < 217 × 109/l was associated with 68% area under the curve (95% CI 58 to 77; p = 0.002) and a sensitivity and specificity of 63%. A similar number of patients presented with hip fracture in the 23 days pre-lockdown (n = 160) and 23 days post-lockdown (n = 157) with no significant (all p ≥ 0.130) difference in patient demographics, residence, place of injury, Nottingham Hip Fracture Score, time to surgery, ASA, or management. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 was independently associated with an increased 30-day mortality rate for patients with a hip fracture. Notably, most patients with hip fracture and COVID-19 lacked suggestive symptoms at presentation. Platelet count was an indicator of risk of COVID-19 infection. These findings have implications for the management of hip fractures, in particular the need for COVID-19 testing. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1219-1228.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19 , Teste para COVID-19 , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pandemias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Centros de Traumatologia
17.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(6): 716-726, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475247

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to determine the proportion of patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis (OA) possibly suitable for partial (PKA) or combined partial knee arthroplasty (CPKA) according to patterns of full-thickness cartilage loss and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) status. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 300 consecutive patients (mean age 69 years (SD 9.5, 44 to 91), mean body mass index (BMI) 30.6 (SD 5.5, 20 to 53), 178 female (59.3%)) undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥ 3 knee OA was conducted. The point of maximal tibial bone loss on preoperative lateral radiographs was determined as a percentage of the tibial diameter. At surgery, Lachman's test and ACL status were recorded. The presence of full-thickness cartilage loss within 16 articular surface regions (two patella, eight femoral, six tibial) was recorded. RESULTS: According to articular cartilage loss and ACL status, 195/293 (67%) were suitable for PKA or CPKA: medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) 97/293 (33%); lateral UKA 25 (9%); medial bicompartmental arthroplasty 31 (11%); lateral bicompartmental arthroplasty 12 (4%); bicondylar-UKA 23 (8%); and patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) seven (2%). The ACL was intact in 166 (55%), frayed in 82 (27%), disrupted in 12 (4%), and absent in 33 (11%). Lachman testing was specific (97%) but poorly sensitive (38%) for disrupted/absent ACLs. The point of maximal tibial bone loss showed good interclass correlation (ICC 0.797, 0.73 to 0.85 95% confidence interval (CI); p < 0.001) and was more posterior when the ACL was absent. Maximum tibial bone loss occurring at > 55% of the anterior to posterior distance predicted ACL absence with 93% sensitivity and 91% specificity (area under the curve 0.97 (0.94 to 0.99 95% CI; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: ACL status can be reliably determined from a lateral radiograph using the location of maximal tibial bone loss. According to regions of cartilage loss and ACL status, two-thirds of patients with end-stage knee OA could potentially be treated with PKA or CPKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6):716-726.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Artroplastia do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(7): 963-971, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to assess how expectation fulfilment changes up to 10 years following total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and forty-six patients completed an expectation questionnaire (encompassing 18 activities), Oxford hip score (OHS) and Short Form (SF)-12 prior to surgery. At 1 year postoperatively, expectation fulfilment was assessed in addition to OHS, SF-12 and patient satisfaction (n = 346). This was repeated in surviving patients with intact THAs at 9.1-9.9 years postoperative (n = 224). Linear regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with early (1 year) and late (mean 9.5 years) expectation fulfilment. RESULTS: Postoperative expectation fulfilment scores declined from 36.5 at 1 year to 33 at late follow-up (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.0-5.0, p < 0.001). Increased (better) late expectation fulfilment scores were significantly associated with better scores for all PROMs applied at both timepoints. Younger age, greater pre-operative expectation score and greater improvement in OHS (both early and late) were all independent predictors when adjusting for confounding (p < 0.05). At late follow-up 78% (14/18) activities demonstrated high levels of persistent expectation fulfilment. Approximately two out of every five patients who considered themselves unfulfilled at early follow-up went on to experience late fulfilment, but this was dependent upon the specific expectation (mean 40%, range 0-64%). CONCLUSIONS: Expectation fulfilment following THA changes with time. The majority of patients report high levels of expectation fulfilment following THA at late follow-up. This information can be used to help manage the longer-term expectations of patients undergoing THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Motivação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Arthroplasty ; 35(7): 1826-1832, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate how expectation fulfillment changes up to 10 years following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Preoperative data were collected for 323 patients undergoing TKA (Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Replacement Expectations survey, Oxford Knee Score [OKS], and Short Form [SF]-12). Expectation fulfillment, OKS, SF-12, and patient satisfaction were assessed at 1 year and 9-10 years postoperatively. Relative risk (RR) of dissatisfaction at late follow-up was calculated for each specific expectation question. Linear regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with early (1 year) and late (mean 9 years) expectation fulfillment scores. RESULTS: Mean expectation fulfillment scores declined from early to late follow-up (25.9-23.9, P = .025). Multivariate analysis identified younger age and better 1-year OKS as factors independently associated with long-term expectation fulfillment. Twelve percent of patients reported dissatisfaction at late follow-up. The risk of long-term dissatisfaction was greatest in patients with high preoperative expectations of kneeling (RR 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.9-5.5), walking without aids (RR 2.4, 95% CI 0.7-7.6), and improved psychological well-being (RR 3.9, 95% CI 0.9-5.0). Night pain relief, kneeling ability, participating in outside activities, and sports were the most poorly fulfilled expectations at both early and late time points. Fulfillment improved the least from early to late for kneeling ability (17%) and ability to participate in outside activities (17%). CONCLUSION: Expectation fulfillment following TKA changes with time. Expectations of kneeling ability and the ability to perform outside activities demonstrated persistently low levels of fulfillment. This information can be used to manage the longer term expectations of patients undergoing TKA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Motivação , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(3): 301-309, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114823

RESUMO

AIMS: Although knee osteoarthritis (OA) is diagnosed and monitored radiologically, actual full-thickness cartilage loss (FTCL) has rarely been correlated with radiological classification. This study aims to analyze which classification system correlates best with FTCL and to assess their reliability. METHODS: A prospective study of 300 consecutive patients undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for OA (mean age 69 years (44 to 91; standard deviation (SD) 9.5), 178 (59%) female). Two blinded examiners independently graded preoperative radiographs using five common systems: Kellgren-Lawrence (KL); International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC); Fairbank; Brandt; and Ahlbäck. Interobserver agreement was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Intraoperatively, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) status and the presence of FTCL in 16 regions of interest were recorded. Radiological classification and FTCL were correlated using the Spearman correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Knees had a mean of 6.8 regions of FTCL (SD 3.1), most common medially. The commonest patterns of FTCL were medial ± patellofemoral (143/300, 48%) and tricompartmental (89/300, 30%). ACL status was associated with pattern of FTCL (p = 0.023). All radiological classification systems demonstrated moderate ICC, but this was highest for the IKDC: whole knee 0.68 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60 to 0.74); medial compartment 0.84 (95% CI 0.80 to 0.87); and lateral compartment 0.79 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.83). Correlation with actual FTCL was strongest for Ahlbäck (Spearman rho 0.27 to 0.39) and KL (0.30 to 0.33) systems, although all systems demonstrated medium correlation. The Ahlbäck score was the most discriminating in severe knee OA. Osteophyte presence in the medial compartment had high positive predictive value (PPV) for FTCL, but not in the lateral compartment. CONCLUSION: The Ahlbäck and KL systems had the highest correlation with confirmed cartilage loss at TKA. However, the IKDC system displayed the best interobserver reliability, with favourable correlation with FTCL in medial and lateral compartments, although it was less discriminating in more severe disease. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(3):301-309.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/classificação , Radiografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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