Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 233
Filtrar
1.
Curr Drug Targets ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967077

RESUMO

Neglected diseases are a group of infectious diseases, many of them parasitic, that mainly affect the poorest populations with limited access to health services, especially those living in remote rural areas and slums. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), neglected diseases put the lives of more than 200 million people at risk, and treatment is made difficult by the occurrence of resistance to existing medications, as well as the high level of toxicity. In this way, the potential of multitarget compounds is highlighted, defined as compounds designed to modulate multiple targets of relevance to disease, with the overall goal of enhancing efficacy and/or improving safety. Thus, the objective of our study is to evaluate existing multi-target compound approaches for neglected diseases, with an emphasis on Leishmaniasis, Chagas Disease, and Arboviruses. A literature review was performed by searching the database "Web of Sciences". In relation to the diseases covered in this work, Leishmaniasis, individually, was the one that presented the largest number of articles (11) that dealt with the topic, which can be justi-fied by the high prevalence of this disease in the world, the second most common disease was Dengue, followed by Chagas disease, Chikungunya virus, and Zika virus. Furthermore, the multi-target potential of phenolic compounds was observed in all diseases under study, with the mecha-nisms related to the nucleus and transcription being the most reported mechanisms. From this per-spective, it is worth highlighting the effectiveness of approaches related to multitarget drugs in discovering new therapeutic agents for neglected diseases.

2.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 22(13): e240524230306, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847378

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a neurological disease with no defined cause, characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. These occur due to the dysregulation of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system (CNS). Psychopharmaceuticals have undesirable side effects; many patients require more than one pharmacotherapy to control crises. With this in mind, this work emphasizes the discovery of new substances from natural products that can combat epileptic seizures. Using in silico techniques, this review aims to evaluate the antiepileptic and multi-target activity of phenylpropanoid derivatives. Initially, ligand-based virtual screening models (LBVS) were performed with 468 phenylpropanoid compounds to predict biological activities. The LBVS were developed for the targets alpha- amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), voltage-gated calcium channel Ttype (CaV), gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA), gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter type 1 (GAT-1), voltage-gated potassium channel of the Q family (KCNQ), voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV), and N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA). The compounds that had good results in the LBVS were analyzed for the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity (ADMET) parameters, and later, the best molecules were evaluated in the molecular docking consensus. The TR430 compound showed the best results in pharmacokinetic parameters; its oral absorption was 99.03%, it did not violate any Lipinski rule, it showed good bioavailability, and no cytotoxicity was observed either from the molecule or from the metabolites in the evaluated parameters. TR430 was able to bind with GABAA (activation) and AMPA (inhibition) targets and demonstrated good binding energy and significant interactions with both targets. The studied compound showed to be a promising molecule with a possible multi-target activity in both fundamental pharmacological targets for the treatment of epilepsy.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes , Epilepsia , Humanos , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Anticonvulsivantes/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
3.
BioTech (Basel) ; 13(2)2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38921048

RESUMO

Candida species are frequently implicated in the development of both superficial and invasive fungal infections, which can impact vital organs. In the quest for novel strategies to combat fungal infections, there has been growing interest in exploring synthetic and semi-synthetic products, particularly chromone derivatives, renowned for their antimicrobial properties. In the analysis of the antifungal activity of the compound (E)-benzylidene-chroman-4-one against Candida, in silico and laboratory tests were performed to predict possible mechanisms of action pathways, and in vitro tests were performed to determine antifungal activity (MIC and MFC), to verify potential modes of action on the fungal cell membrane and wall, and to assess cytotoxicity in human keratinocytes. The tested compound exhibited predicted affinity for all fungal targets, with the highest predicted affinity observed for thymidylate synthase (-102.589 kJ/mol). MIC and CFM values ranged from 264.52 µM (62.5 µg/mL) to 4232.44 µM (1000 µg/mL). The antifungal effect likely occurs due to the action of the compound on the plasma membrane. Therefore, (E)-benzylidene-chroman-4-one showed fungicidal-like activity against Candida spp., possibly targeting the plasma membrane.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400330, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701178

RESUMO

Fungal infections represent a serious health problem worldwide. The study evaluated the antifungal activity of 4-chlorobenzyl p-coumarate, an unprecedented semi-synthetic molecule. Docking molecular and assay experiments were conducted to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC), mode of action, effect on growth, fungal death kinetics, drug association, effects on biofilm, micromorphology, and against human keratinocytes. The investigation included 16 strains of Candida spp, including C. albicans, C. krusei, C. glabrata, C. tropicalis, C. dubliniensis, C. lusitaniae, C. utilis, C. rugosa, C. guilhermondi, and C. parapsilosis. Docking analysis predicted affinity between the molecule and all tested targets. MIC and MFC values ranged from 3.9 µg/mL (13.54 µM) to 62.5 µg/mL (217.01 µM), indicating a probable effect on the plasma membrane. The molecule inhibited growth from the first hour of testing. Association with nystatin proved to be indifferent. All concentrations of the molecule reduced fungal biofilm. The compound altered fungal micromorphology. The tested compound exhibited an IC50 of 7.90±0.40 µg/mL (27.45±1.42 µM) for keratinocytes. 4-chlorobenzyl p-coumarate showed strong fungicidal effects, likely through its action on the plasma membrane and alteration of fungal micromorphology, and mildly cytotoxic to human keratinocytes.

5.
ChemMedChem ; : e202400135, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38687623

RESUMO

Tetrahydrolinalool (THL) is an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, produced during linalol metabolism and also a constituent of essential oils. As described in the literature, many monoterpenes present anticonvulsant properties, and thus we became interested in evaluating the anticonvulsant activity of Tetrahydrolinalool using in mice model as well as in silico approaches. Our results demonstrated that THL increased latency to seizure onset and also reduced the mortality, in picrotoxin induced seizure tests. The results may be related to GABAergic regulation, which was also suggested in seizure testing induced by 3-mercapto-propionic acid. In the strychnine-induced seizure testing, none of the groups pretreated with THL modulated the parameters indicative of anticonvulsant effect. The electrophysiological results revealed that THL treatment reduces seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole. The in silico molecular docking studies showed that the interaction between THL and a GABAA receptor model formed a stable complex, in comparison to the crystaligraphic structure of diazepam, a structurally related ligand. In conclusion, all the evidences showed that THL presents effective anticonvulsant activity related to the GABAergic pathway, being a candidate for treatment of epileptic syndromes.

7.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243945

RESUMO

Pain is characterized by the unpleasant sensory and emotional sensation associated with actual or potential tissue damage, whereas nociception refers to the mechanism by which noxious stimuli are transmitted from the periphery to the CNS. The main drugs used to treat pain are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics, which have side effects that limit their use. Therefore, in the search for new drugs with potential antinociceptive effects, essential oils have been studied, whose constituents (monoterpenes) are emerging as a new therapeutic possibility. Among them, linalool and its metabolites stand out. The present study aims to investigate the antinociceptive potential of linalool and its metabolites through a screening using an in silico approach. Molecular docking was used to evaluate possible interactions with important targets involved in antinociceptive activity, such as α2-adrenergic, GABAergic, muscarinic, opioid, adenosinergic, transient potential, and glutamatergic receptors. The compounds in the investigated series obtained negative energies for all enzymes, representing satisfactory interactions with the targets and highlighting the multi-target potential of the L4 metabolite. Linalool and its metabolites have a high likelihood of modulatory activity against the targets involved in nociception and are potential candidates for future drugs.

8.
Curr Protein Pept Sci ; 25(1): 27-43, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37649287

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brain tumors have high morbidity and mortality rates, accounting for 1.4% of all cancers. Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors in adults. Currently, several therapeutic approaches are used; however, they are associated with side effects that affect patients'quality of life. Therefore, further studies are needed to develop novel therapeutic protocols with a more favorable side effect profile. In this context, cannabinoid compounds may serve as potential alternatives. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the key enzymatic targets involved in glioma pathophysiology and evaluate the potential interaction of these targets with four cannabinoid derivatives through molecular docking simulations. METHODS: Molecular docking simulations were performed using four cannabinoid compounds and six molecular targets associated with glioma pathophysiology. RESULTS: Encouraging interactions between the selected enzymes and glioma-related targets were observed, suggesting their potential activity through these pathways. In particular, cannabigerol showed promising interactions with epidermal growth factor receptors and phosphatidylinositol 3- kinase, while Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol showed remarkable interactions with telomerase reverse transcriptase. CONCLUSION: The evaluated compounds exhibited favorable interactions with the analyzed enzymatic targets, thus representing potential candidates for further in vitro and in vivo studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Canabinoides , Glioma , Adulto , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Qualidade de Vida , Canabinoides/farmacologia , Canabinoides/uso terapêutico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo
9.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 42(6): 3051-3080, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37203996

RESUMO

Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Rutaceae), commonly known as the sweet orange, is a popular and widely consumed fruit with several medicinal properties. The present study aimed to perform the in silico screening of 18 flavonoids and eight volatile components from the peel of C. sinensis against apoptotic and inflammatory proteins, metalloprotease, and tumor suppressor markers. Flavonoids obtained higher probabilities than volatile components against selected anti-cancer drug targets. Hence, the data from the binding energies against the essential apoptotic and cell proliferation proteins substantiate that they may be promising compounds in developing effective candidates to block cell growth, proliferation, and induced cell death by activating the apoptotic pathway. Further, the binding stability of the selected targets and the corresponding molecules were analyzed by 100 ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Chlorogenic acid has the most binding affinity against the important anti-cancer targets iNOS, MMP-9, and p53. The congruent binding mode to different drug targets focused on cancer shown by chlorogenic acid suggests that it may be a compound with significant therapeutic potential. Moreover, the binding energy predictions indicated that the compound had stable electrostatic and van der Waal energies. Thus, our data reinforce the medicinal importance of flavonoids from C. sinensis and expand the need for more studies, seeking to optimize results and amplify the impacts of further in vitro and in vivo studies. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Flavonoides , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Citrus sinensis/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Clorogênico , Antioxidantes/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
10.
Fungal Biol ; 127(12): 1451-1465, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38097319

RESUMO

This study investigates the antifungal and cytotoxic properties of 7-(pentyloxy)-2H-chromen-2-one. Through molecular docking and dynamics simulations, we explored the compound's interactions with fungal cell protein targets. Notably, it exhibited strong affinities for 1,3ß-glucan synthase, squalene epoxidase, δ-14-sterol reductase, 14-α-demethylase, and thymidylate synthase, with binding energies ranging from -100.39 to -73.15 kcal/mol. Molecular dynamics simulations confirmed its stable binding at active targets. The MIC and MFC values ranged from 67.16 µM (15.6 µg/mL) to 537.28 µM (125.0 µg/mL). The compound displayed promising antifungal effects, inhibiting fungal growth for at least 24 hours. Fungal plasma membrane function alteration likely contributed to these antifungal mechanisms. Additionally, the combination of the compound with nystatin, fluconazole, and caspofungin showed indifferent effects on antifungal activity. Cytotoxicity assessment in human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT) revealed an IC50 of 100 µM, which was approximately 1.5 times higher than the MIC for C. krusei. Thus, the compound exhibited strongly in silico and in vitro antifungal activity with low cytotoxicity in HaCaT cells. These findings support its potential as a candidate for further development as an antifungal compound.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Candida , Humanos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fluconazol/farmacologia , Umbeliferonas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
11.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 16(11)2023 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38004419

RESUMO

The characterization and cytotoxicity of the essential oil from Conyza bonariensis (L.) aerial parts (CBEO) were previously conducted. The major compound was (Z)-2-lachnophyllum ester (EZ), and CBEO exhibited significant ROS-dependent cytotoxicity in the melanoma cell line SK-MEL-28. Herein, we employed the Molegro Virtual Docker v.6.0.1 software to investigate the interactions between the EZ and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases (MAPKs), the Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB), and the Protein Kinase B (PKB/AKT). Additionally, in vitro assays were performed in SK-MEL-28 cells to assess the effect of CBEO on the cell cycle, apoptosis, and these signaling pathways by flow cytometry and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay using MAPKs inhibitors. CBEO induced a significant increase in the sub-G1 peak, as well as biochemical and morphological changes characteristic of apoptosis. The in-silico results indicated that EZ interacts with Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1 (ERK1), c-Jun N-terminal Kinase 1 (JNK1), p38α MAPK, NF-κB, and PKB/AKT. Moreover, CBEO modulated the ERK1/2, JNK, p38 MAPK, NF-κB, and PKB/AKT activities in SK-MEL-28 cells. Furthermore, CBEO's cytotoxicity against SK-MEL-28 cells was significantly altered in the presence of MAPKs inhibitors. These findings support the in vitro antimelanoma effect of CBEO through apoptosis induction, and the modulation of ERK, JNK, p38 MAPK, NF-κB, and PKB/AKT activities.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37815185

RESUMO

In the field of medicinal chemistry, the concept of pharmacophore refers to the specific region of a molecule that possesses essential structural and chemical characteristics for binding to a receptor and eliciting biological activity. Understanding the pharmacophore is crucial for drug research and development, as it allows the design of new drugs. Malaria, a widespread disease, is commonly treated with chloroquine and artemisinin, but the emergence of parasite resistance limits their effectiveness. This study aims to explore computer simulations to discover a specific pharmacophore for Malaria, providing new alternatives for its treatment. A literature review was conducted, encompassing articles proposing a pharmacophore for Malaria, gathered from the "Web of Science" database, with a focus on recent publications to ensure up-to-date analysis. The selected articles employed diverse methods, including ligand-based and structurebased approaches, integrating molecular structure and biological activity data to yield comprehensive analyses. Affinity evaluation between the proposed pharmacophore and the target receptor involved calculating free energy to quantify their interaction. Multiple linear regression was commonly utilized, though it is sensitive to multicollinearity issues. Another recurrent methodology was the use of the Schrödinger package, employing tools such as the Phase module and the OPLS force field for interaction analysis. Pharmacophore model proposition allows threedimensional representations guiding the synthesis and design of new biologically active compounds, offering a promising avenue for discovering therapeutic agents to combat Malaria.

13.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 16(10)2023 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37895879

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder is a severe mood disorder characterized by different emotions and feelings. This study investigated the antidepressant activity of the phenylpropanoid methyleugenol (ME) in adult female mice exposed to a stress model induced by dexamethasone. The animals were randomly divided into groups containing eight animals and were pre-administered with dexamethasone (64 µg/kg subcutaneously). After 165 and 180 min, they were treated with ME (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg intraperitoneally) or imipramine (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally) after 45 min and 30 min, respectively; they were then submitted to tests which were filmed. The videos were analyzed blindly. In the tail suspension test, ME (50 mg/kg) increased latency and reduced immobility time. In the splash test, ME (50 mg/kg) decreased grooming latency and increased grooming time. In the open field, there was no statistical difference for the ME groups regarding the number of crosses, and ME (50 mg/kg) increased the number of rearing and time spent in the center. Regarding in silico studies, ME interacted with dopaminergic D1 and α1 adrenergic pathway receptors and with tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor. In the in vivo evaluation of the pathways of action, the antidepressant potential of ME (50 mg/kg) was reversed by SCH23390 (4 mg/kg intraperitoneally) dopaminergic D1 receptor, Prazosin (1 mg/kg intraperitoneally) α1 adrenergic receptor, and PCPA (4 mg/kg intraperitoneally) tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor. Our findings indicate that ME did not alter with the locomotor activity of the animals and shows antidepressant activity in female mice with the participation of the D1, α1 and serotonergic systems.

14.
Molecules ; 28(16)2023 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37630263

RESUMO

Cancer is a multifactorial disease that continues to increase. Lignans are known to be important anticancer agents. However, due to the structural diversity of lignans, it is difficult to associate anticancer activity with a particular subclass. Therefore, the present study sought to evaluate the association of lignan subclasses with antitumor activity, considering the genetic profile of the variants of the selected targets. To do so, predictive models were built against the targets tyrosine-protein kinase ABL (ABL), epidermal growth factor receptor erbB1 (EGFR), histone deacetylase (HDAC), serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR (mTOR) and poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase-1 (PARP1). Then, single nucleotide polymorphisms were mapped, target mutations were designed, and molecular docking was performed with the lignans with the best predicted biological activity. The results showed more anticancer activity in the dibenzocyclooctadiene, furofuran and aryltetralin subclasses. The lignans with the best predictive values of biological activity showed varying binding energy results in the presence of certain genetic variants.


Assuntos
Perfil Genético , Lignanas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Histona Desacetilases , Lignanas/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
15.
Curr Med Chem ; 2023 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37550911

RESUMO

Malaria remains one of the most challenging tropical diseases. Since malaria cases are reportedly alarming in terms of infections and mortality, urgent attention is needed for addressing the issues of drug resistance in falciparum malaria. High throughput screening methods have paved the way for rapid identification of anti-malarial. Furthermore, drug repurposing helps in shortening the time required for drug safety approvals. Hence, the discovery of new antimalarials by drug repurposing is a promising approach for combating the disease. This article summarizes the recent computational approaches used for identifying novel antimalarials by using drug target interaction tools followed by pharmacokinetic studies.

16.
Curr Drug Targets ; 24(10): 797-815, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37469150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin aging is a natural process resulting from intrinsic (hormonal and genetic) and extrinsic (environmental) factors. Photoaging occurs due to prolonged exposure of the skin to ultraviolet radiation, accounting for 80% of facial aging. INTRODUCTION: Characteristics of aging skin include reduced elasticity, the appearance of fine wrinkles, uneven tone, and dryness. Clinical signs of photoaging involve the presence of deeper wrinkles, rough texture, dyschromia and a greater loss of elasticity compared to chronological aging. METHODS: This work reported several scientific articles that used computational techniques, such as molecular docking, molecular dynamics and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) to identify natural products and their derivatives against skin aging and photoaging. RESULTS: The in silico analyses carried out by the researchers predicted the binding affinity and interactions of the natural products with the targets matrix metalloproteinase-1, matrix metalloproteinase- 3, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tyrosinase. Furthermore, some studies have reported the stability of the protein-ligand complex and the physicochemical properties of the studied compounds. Finally, this research proposes promising molecules against the targets. CONCLUSION: Thus, studies like this one are relevant to guide new research related to skin aging and photoaging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento da Pele , Humanos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pele/metabolismo , Envelhecimento
17.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 102(4): 843-856, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37455325

RESUMO

Chagas' disease affects approximately eight million people throughout the world, especially the poorest individuals. The protozoan that causes this disease-Trypanosoma cruzi-has the enzyme cruzipain, which is the main therapeutic target. As no available medications have satisfactory effectiveness and safety, it is of fundamental importance to design and synthesize novel analogues that are more active and selective. In the present study, molecular docking and the in silico prediction of ADMET properties were used as strategies to optimize the trypanocidal activity of the pyrimidine compound ZN3F based on interactions with the target site in cruzipain. From the computational results, eight 4-amino-5-carbonitrile-pyrimidine analogues were proposed, synthesized (5a-f and 7g-h) and, tested in vitro on the trypomastigote form of the Tulahuen strain of T. cruzi. The in silico study showed that the designed analogues bond favorably to important amino acid residues of the active site in cruzipain. An in vitro evaluation of cytotoxicity was performed on L929 mammal cell lines. All derivatives inhibited the Tulahuen strain of T. cruzi and also exhibited lower toxicity to L929 cells. The 5e product, in particular, proved to be a potent, selective (IC50 = 2.79 ± 0.00 µM, selectivity index = 31.3) inhibitor of T. cruzi. The present results indicated the effectiveness of drugs based on the structure of the receptor, revealing the potential trypanocidal of pyrimidines. This study also provides information on molecular aspects for the inhibition of cruzipain.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Tripanossomicidas , Trypanosoma cruzi , Humanos , Animais , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Domínio Catalítico , Tripanossomicidas/química , Mamíferos
18.
Curr Med Chem ; 2023 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37317914

RESUMO

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the second cause of death worldwide, responsible for almost 10 million deaths and accounting for one in every six deaths. It is a disease that can affect any organ or tissue with rapid progression to the final stage, which is metastasis, in which the disease spreads to different regions of the body. Many studies have been carried out to find a cure for cancer. Early diagnosis contributes to the individual achieving the cure; however, deaths are increasing considerably due to late diagnosis. Thus, this bibliographical review discussed several scientific research works pointing to in silico analyses in the proposition of new antineoplastic agents for glioblastoma, breast, colon, prostate, and lung cancer, as well as some of their respective molecular receptors involved in molecular docking simulations and molecular dynamics. This review involved articles describing the contribution of computational techniques for the development of new drugs or already existing drugs with biological activity; thus, important data were highlighted in each study, such as the techniques used, results obtained in each study, and the conclusion. Furthermore, 3D chemical structures of the molecules with the best computational response and significant interactions between the tested molecules and the PDB receptors were also presented. With this, it is expected to help new research in the fight against cancer, the creation of new antitumor drugs, and the advancement of the pharmaceutical industry and scientific knowledge about studied tumors.

19.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 356(8): e2300207, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37255416

RESUMO

COVID-19 has caused many deaths since the first outbreak in 2019. The burden on healthcare systems around the world has been reduced by the success of vaccines. However, population adherence and the occurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants are still challenging tasks to be affronted. In addition, the newly approved drug presents some limitations in terms of side effects and drug interference, highlighting the importance of searching for new antiviral agents against SARS-CoV-2. The SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpr o ) represents a versatile target to search for new drug candidates due to its essential role in proteolytic activities responsible for the virus replication. In this work, a series of 190 compounds, composed of 27 natural ones and 163 synthetic compounds, were screened in vitro for their inhibitory effects against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro . Twenty-five compounds inhibited Mpro with inhibitory constant values (Ki ) between 23.2 and 241 µM. Among them, a thiosemicarbazone derivative was the most active compound. Molecular docking studies using Protein Data Bank ID 5RG1, 5RG2, and 5RG3 crystal structures of Mpro revealed important interactions identified as hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding and steric interactions with amino acid residues in the active site cavity. Overall, our findings indicate the described thiosemicarbazones as good candidates to be further explored to develop antiviral leads against SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, the studies showed the importance of careful evaluation of test results to detect and exclude false-positive findings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...