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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(20)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680255

RESUMO

Notch signaling guides cell fate decisions by affecting proliferation, apoptosis, stem cell self-renewal, and differentiation depending on cell and tissue context. Given its multifaceted function during tissue development, both overactivation and loss of Notch signaling have been linked to tumorigenesis in ways that are either oncogenic or oncosuppressive, but always context-dependent. Notch signaling is critical for several mechanisms of chemoresistance including cancer stem cell maintenance, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, tumor-stroma interaction, and malignant neovascularization that makes its targeting an appealing strategy against tumor growth and recurrence. During the last decades, numerous Notch-interfering agents have been developed, and the abundant preclinical evidence has been transformed in orphan drug approval for few rare diseases. However, the majority of Notch-dependent malignancies remain untargeted, even if the application of Notch inhibitors alone or in combination with common chemotherapeutic drugs is being evaluated in clinical trials. The modest clinical success of current Notch-targeting strategies is mostly due to their limited efficacy and severe on-target toxicity in Notch-controlled healthy tissues. Here, we review the available preclinical and clinical evidence on combinatorial treatment between different Notch signaling inhibitors and existent chemotherapeutic drugs, providing a comprehensive picture of molecular mechanisms explaining the potential or lacking success of these combinations.

2.
iScience ; 24(6): 102664, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169240

RESUMO

Limited therapeutic options are available for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Herein, we report that exposure to a neo-synthetic bis(indolyl)thiazole alkaloid analog, nortopsentin 234 (NORA234), leads to an initial reduction of proliferative and clonogenic potential of CRC sphere cells (CR-CSphCs), followed by an adaptive response selecting the CR-CSphC-resistant compartment. Cells spared by the treatment with NORA234 express high levels of CD44v6, associated with a constitutive activation of Wnt pathway. In CR-CSphC-based organoids, NORA234 causes a genotoxic stress paralleled by G2-M cell cycle arrest and activation of CHK1, driving the DNA damage repair of CR-CSphCs, regardless of the mutational background, microsatellite stability, and consensus molecular subtype. Synergistic combination of NORA234 and CHK1 (rabusertib) targeting is synthetic lethal inducing death of both CD44v6-negative and CD44v6-positive CRC stem cell fractions, aside from Wnt pathway activity. These data could provide a rational basis to develop an effective strategy for the treatment of patients with CRC.

3.
Exp Ther Med ; 21(6): 585, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850557

RESUMO

In the physiopathology of cystic fibrosis (CF), oxidative stress implications are recognized and widely accepted. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) defects disrupt the intracellular redox balance causing CF pathological hallmarks. Therefore, oxidative stress together with aberrant expression levels of detoxification genes and microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) may be associated with clinical outcome. Using total RNA extracted from epithelial nasal cells, the present study analyzed the expression levels of oxidative stress genes and one miRNA using quantitative PCR in a representative number of patients with CF compared with in healthy individuals. The present pilot study revealed the existence of an association among CFTR, genes involved in the oxidative stress response and miR-125b. The observed downregulation of CFTR gene expression was accompanied by increased expression levels of Nuclear factor erythroid derived-2 like2 and its targets NAD(P)H:Quinone Oxidoreductase and glutathione S-transferase 1. Moreover, the expression levels of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and miR-125b were positively correlated with a forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) >60% in patients with CF with chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection (r=0.74; P<0.001 and r=0.57; P<0.001, respectively). The present study revealed the activation of an inducible, but not fully functional, oxidative stress response to protect airway cells against reactive oxygen species-dependent injury in CF disease. Additionally, the correlations of HO-1 and miR-125b expression with an improved FEV1 value suggested that these factors may synergistically protect the airway cells from oxidative stress damage, inflammation and apoptosis. Furthermore, HO-1 and miR-125b may be used as prognostic markers explaining the wide CF phenotypic variability as an additional control level over the CFTR gene mutations.

4.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 75, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846306

RESUMO

Both CDKN1A (p21 Waf1/Cip1) and Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) play important roles in tumorigenesis. The role of p21 Waf1/Cip1 in attenuating ASK1-induced apoptosis by various stress conditions is well established. However, how ASK1 and p21 Waf1/Cip1 functionally interact during tumorigenesis is still unclear. To address this aspect, we crossed ASK1 knockout (ASK1KO) mice with p21 Waf1/Cip1 knockout (p21KO) mice to compare single and double-mutant mice. We observed that deletion of p21 Waf1/Cip1 leads to increased keratinocyte proliferation but also increased cell death. This is mechanistically linked to the ASK1 axis-induced apoptosis, including p38 and PARP. Indeed, deletion of ASK1 does not alter the proliferation but decreases the apoptosis of p21KO keratinocytes. To analyze as this interaction might affect skin carcinogenesis, we investigated the response of ASK1KO and p21KO mice to DMBA/TPA-induced tumorigenesis. Here we show that while endogenous ASK1 is dispensable for skin homeostasis, ASK1KO mice are resistant to DMBA/TPA-induced tumorigenesis. However, we found that epidermis lacking both p21 and ASK1 reacquires increased sensitivity to DMBA/TPA-induced tumorigenesis. We demonstrate that apoptosis and cell-cycle progression in p21KO keratinocytes are uncoupled in the absence of ASK1. These data support the model that a critical event ensuring the balance between cell death, cell-cycle arrest, and successful divisions in keratinocytes during stress conditions is the p21-dependent ASK1 inactivation.

5.
Oncogenesis ; 9(10): 93, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071287

RESUMO

Unfolded protein response (UPR) is a conserved adaptive response that tries to restore protein homeostasis after endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Recent studies highlighted the role of UPR in acute leukemias and UPR targeting has been suggested as a therapeutic approach. Aberrant Notch signaling is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), as downregulation of Notch activity negatively affects T-ALL cell survival, leading to the employment of Notch inhibitors in T-ALL therapy. Here we demonstrate that Notch3 is able to sustain UPR in T-ALL cells, as Notch3 silencing favored a Bip-dependent IRE1α inactivation under ER stress conditions, leading to increased apoptosis via upregulation of the ER stress cell death mediator CHOP. By using Juglone, a naturally occurring naphthoquinone acting as an anticancer agent, to decrease Notch3 expression and induce ER stress, we observed an increased ER stress-associated apoptosis. Altogether our results suggest that Notch3 inhibition may prevent leukemia cells from engaging a functional UPR needed to compensate the Juglone-mediated ER proteotoxic stress. Notably, in vivo administration of Juglone to human T-ALL xenotransplant models significantly reduced tumor growth, finally fostering the exploitation of Juglone-dependent Notch3 inhibition to perturb the ER stress/UPR signaling in Notch3-dependent T-ALL subsets.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14839, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908186

RESUMO

Macrophage activation by Toll receptors is an essential event in the development of the response against pathogens. NOTCH signaling pathway is involved in the control of macrophage activation and the inflammatory processes. In this work, we have characterized NOTCH signaling in macrophages activated by Toll-like receptor (TLR) triggering and determined that DLL1 and DLL4 are the main ligands responsible for NOTCH signaling. We have identified ADAM10 as the main protease implicated in NOTCH processing and activation. We have also observed that furin, which processes NOTCH receptors, is induced by TLR signaling in a NOTCH-dependent manner. NOTCH3 is the only NOTCH receptor expressed in resting macrophages. Its expression increased rapidly in the first hours after TLR4 activation, followed by a gradual decrease, which was coincident with an elevation of the expression of the other NOTCH receptors. All NOTCH1, 2 and 3 contribute to the increased NOTCH signaling detected in activated macrophages. We also observed a crosstalk between NOTCH3 and NOTCH1 during macrophage activation. Finally, our results highlight the relevance of NOTCH3 in the activation of NF-κB, increasing p65 phosphorylation by p38 MAP kinase. Our data identify, for the first time, NOTCH3 as a relevant player in the control of inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Receptor Notch3/fisiologia , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Monócitos/imunologia , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores Toll-Like/imunologia
7.
Pharmaceutics ; 12(8)2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731612

RESUMO

All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) is the most active metabolite of vitamin A. It is critically involved in the regulation of multiple processes, such as cell differentiation and apoptosis, by activating specific genomic pathways or by influencing key signaling proteins. Furthermore, mounting evidence highlights the anti-tumor activity of this compound. Notably, oral administration of ATRA is the first choice treatment in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) in adults and NeuroBlastoma (NB) in children. Regrettably, the promising results obtained for these diseases have not been translated yet into the clinics for solid tumors. This is mainly due to ATRA-resistance developed by cancer cells and to ineffective delivery and targeting. This up-to-date review deals with recent studies on different ATRA-loaded Drug Delivery Systems (DDSs) development and application on several tumor models. Moreover, patents, pre-clinical, and clinical studies are also reviewed. To sum up, the main aim of this in-depth review is to provide a detailed overview of the several attempts which have been made in the recent years to ameliorate ATRA delivery and targeting in cancer.

9.
Front Immunol ; 11: 541, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346377

RESUMO

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive pediatric malignancy that arises from the transformation of immature T-cell progenitors and has no definitive cure. Notch signaling governs many steps of T cell development and its dysregulation represents the most common causative event in the pathogenesis of T-ALL. The activation of canonical NF-κB pathway has been described as a critical downstream mediator of Notch oncogenic functions, through the sustaining of tumor cell survival and growth. The potential role of Notch/NF-κB partnership is also emerging in the generation and function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the context of cancer. However, little is known about the effects of combined mutations of Notch and NF-κB in regulating immune-environment and progression of T-ALL. To shed light on the topics above we generated double-mutant mice, harboring conventional knock-out mutation of NF-κB1/p50 on the genetic background of a transgenic model of Notch-dependent T-ALL. The immunophenotyping of double-mutant mice demonstrates that NF-κB1 deletion inhibits the progression of T-ALL and strongly modifies immune-environment of the disease. Double-mutant mice display indeed a dramatic reduction of pre-leukemic CD4+CD8+ (DP) T cells and regulatory T cells (Tregs) and, concurrently, the rising of an aggressive myeloproliferative trait with a massive expansion of CD11b+Gr-1+ cells in the periphery, and an accumulation of the granulocyte/monocyte progenitors in the bone-marrow. Interestingly, double-mutant T cells are able to improve the growth of CD11b+Gr-1+ cells in vitro, and, more importantly, the in vivo depletion of T cells in double-mutant mice significantly reduces the expansion of myeloid compartment. Our results strongly suggest that the myeloproliferative trait observed in double-mutant mice may depend on non-cell-autonomous mechanism/s driven by T cells. Moreover, we demonstrate that the reduction of CD4+CD8+ (DP) T cells and Tregs in double-mutant mice relies on a significant enhancement of their apoptotic rate. In conclusion, double-mutant mice may represent a useful model to deepen the knowledge of the consequences on T-ALL immune-environment of modulating Notch/NF-κB relationships in tumor cells. More importantly, information derived from these studies may help in the refinement of multitarget therapies for the disease.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/imunologia , Receptores Notch/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Mutantes , NF-kappa B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Receptores Notch/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 613557, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33425921

RESUMO

Major signaling pathways, such as Notch, Hedgehog (Hh), Wnt/ß-catenin and Hippo, are targeted by a plethora of physiological and pathological stimuli, ultimately resulting in the modulation of genes that act coordinately to establish specific biological processes. Many biological programs are strictly controlled by the assembly of multiprotein complexes into the nucleus, where a regulated recruitment of specific transcription factors and coactivators on gene promoter region leads to different transcriptional outcomes. MAML1 results to be a versatile coactivator, able to set up synergistic interlinking with pivotal signaling cascades and able to coordinate the network of cross-talking pathways. Accordingly, despite its original identification as a component of the Notch signaling pathway, several recent reports suggest a more articulated role for MAML1 protein, showing that it is able to sustain/empower Wnt/ß-catenin, Hh and Hippo pathways, in a Notch-independent manner. For this reason, MAML1 may be associated to a molecular "switch", with the function to control the activation of major signaling pathways, triggering in this way critical biological processes during embryonic and post-natal life. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the pleiotropic role played by MAML proteins, in particular MAML1, and we recapitulate how it takes part actively in physiological and pathological signaling networks. On this point, we also discuss the contribution of MAML proteins to malignant transformation. Accordingly, genetic alterations or impaired expression of MAML proteins may lead to a deregulated crosstalk among the pathways, culminating in a series of pathological disorders, including cancer development. Given their central role, a better knowledge of the molecular mechanisms that regulate the interplay of MAML proteins with several signaling pathways involved in tumorigenesis may open up novel opportunities for an attractive molecular targeted anticancer therapy.

11.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817098

RESUMO

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is a rare, chronic and recurrent blistering disorder, characterized by erosions occurring primarily in intertriginous regions and histologically by suprabasal acantholysis. Mutation of the Golgi Ca2+-ATPase ATP2C1 has been identified as having a causative role in Hailey-Hailey disease. HHD-derived keratinocytes have increased oxidative-stress that is associated with impaired proliferation and differentiation. Additionally, HHD is characterized by skin lesions that do not heal and by recurrent skin infections, indicating that HHD keratinocytes might not respond well to challenges such as wounding or infection. Hypochlorous acid has been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo to possess properties that rescue both oxidative stress and altered wound repair process. Thus, we investigated the potential effects of a stabilized form of hypochlorous acid (APR-TD012) in an in vitro model of HHD. We found that treatment of ATP2C1-defective keratinocytes with APR-TD012 contributed to upregulation of Nrf2 (nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2). Additionally, APR TD012-treatment restored the defective proliferative capability of siATP2C1-treated keratinocytes. We also found that the APR-TD012 treatment might support wound healing process, due to its ability to modulate the expression of wound healing associated cytokines. These observations suggested that the APR-TD012 might be a potential therapeutic agent for HHD-lesions.


Assuntos
Ácidos/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/uso terapêutico , Soluções Hipotônicas/uso terapêutico , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/farmacologia , Soluções Hipotônicas/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/genética , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Soluções , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
J Biol Chem ; 294(47): 17941-17950, 2019 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597699

RESUMO

Notch signaling plays a complex role in carcinogenesis, and its signaling pathway has both tumor suppressor and oncogenic components. To identify regulators that might control this dual activity of NOTCH1, we screened a chemical library targeting kinases and identified Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) as one of the kinases involved in arsenite-induced NOTCH1 down-modulation. As PLK1 activity drives mitotic entry but also is inhibited after DNA damage, we investigated the PLK1-NOTCH1 interplay in the G2 phase of the cell cycle and in response to DNA damage. Here, we found that PLK1 regulates NOTCH1 expression at G2/M transition. However, when cells in G2 phase are challenged with DNA damage, PLK1 is inhibited to prevent entry into mitosis. Interestingly, we found that the interaction between NOTCH1 and PLK1 is functionally important during the DNA damage response, as we found that whereas PLK1 activity is inhibited, NOTCH1 expression is maintained during DNA damage response. During genotoxic stress, cellular transformation requires that promitotic activity must override DNA damage checkpoint signaling to drive proliferation. Interestingly, we found that arsenite-induced genotoxic stress causes a PLK1-dependent signaling response that antagonizes the involvement of NOTCH1 in the DNA damage checkpoint. Taken together, our data provide evidence that Notch signaling is altered but not abolished in SCC cells. Thus, it is also important to recognize that Notch plasticity might be modulated and could represent a key determinant to switch on/off either the oncogenic or tumor suppressor function of Notch signaling in a single type of tumor.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Mitose , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsenitos/toxicidade , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fase G2/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Especificidade por Substrato/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Front Genet ; 10: 711, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552081

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is associated with increased risk of developing several malignancies. The biological and pathogenic importance of Hh signaling emphasizes the need to control its action tightly, both physiologically and therapeutically. Evidence of crosstalk between Hh and other signaling pathways is reported in many tumor types. Here, we provide an overview of the current knowledge about the communication between Hh and major signaling pathways, such as Notch, Wnt, and transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß), which play critical roles in both embryonic and adult life. When these pathways are unbalanced, impaired crosstalk contributes to disease development. It is reported that more than one of these pathways are active in different type of tumors, at the same time. Therefore, starting from a plethora of stimuli that activate multiple signaling pathways, we describe the signals that preferentially converge on the Hh signaling cascade that influence its activity. Moreover, we highlight several connection points between Hh and Notch, Wnt, or TGF-ß pathways, showing a reciprocal synergism that contributes to tumorigenesis, supporting a more malignant behavior by tumor cells, such as in leukemia and brain tumors. Understanding the importance of these molecular interlinking networks will provide a rational basis for combined anticancer drug development.

14.
Cancer Res ; 79(21): 5575-5586, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506332

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer is characterized by well-known genetic defects and approximately 50% of cases harbor oncogenic Ras mutations. Increased expression of Notch ligand Jagged1 occurs in several human malignancies, including colorectal cancer, and correlates with cancer progression, poor prognosis, and recurrence. Herein, we demonstrated that Jagged1 was constitutively processed in colorectal cancer tumors with mutant Kras, which ultimately triggered intrinsic reverse signaling via its nuclear-targeted intracellular domain Jag1-ICD. This process occurred when Kras/Erk/ADAM17 signaling was switched on, demonstrating that Jagged1 is a novel target of the Kras signaling pathway. Notably, Jag1-ICD promoted tumor growth and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, enhancing colorectal cancer progression and chemoresistance both in vitro and in vivo. These data highlight a novel role for Jagged1 in colorectal cancer tumor biology that may go beyond its effect on canonical Notch activation and suggest that Jag1-ICD may behave as an oncogenic driver that is able to sustain tumor pathogenesis and to confer chemoresistance through a noncanonical mechanism. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings present a novel role of the transcriptionally active Jag1-ICD fragment to confer and mediate some of the activity of oncogenic KRAS.


Assuntos
Proteína ADAM17/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Proteína Jagged-1/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia
15.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 21: 100502, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467849

RESUMO

We describe a 7-year-old boy presenting with a developmental encephalopathy, severe epilepsy, retinopathy with salt and pepper fundus, and ultrastructural skin alterations resembling a neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Whole exome-sequencing detected biallelic variants in the ADSL gene (c.65C > T [p.(Ala22Val)] and c.340 T > C [p.(Tyr114His)]). The increase of SAICAR and S-Ado in blood and urine was consistent with the pattern of adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency (OMIM 103050). An unusual increase of AICAR, that was due to a residual ADSL enzyme activity of about 28%, was also detected. Neither salt and pepper retinopathy nor ultrastructural skin alterations had been reported in ADSL deficiency before. Impaired purinergic signaling inside the retina is probably involved in visual failure. Ultrastructural alterations in fibroblasts suggest a possible damage of autophagic processes, whose role in the pathogenesis of neurological dysfunction deserves further study.

16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3686, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417080

RESUMO

In vivo liposomes, like other types of nanoparticles, acquire a totally new 'biological identity' due to the formation of a biomolecular coating known as the protein corona that depends on and modifies the liposomes' synthetic identity. The liposome-protein corona is a dynamic interface that regulates the interaction of liposomes with the physiological environment. Here we show that the biological identity of liposomes is clearly linked to their sequestration from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy donors that ultimately leads to removal from the bloodstream. Pre-coating liposomes with an artificial corona made of human plasma proteins drastically reduces capture by circulating leukocytes in whole blood and may be an effective strategy to enable prolonged circulation in vivo. We conclude with a critical assessment of the key concepts of liposome technology that need to be reviewed for its definitive clinical translation.


Assuntos
Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Lipossomos/sangue , Lipossomos/imunologia , Coroa de Proteína/imunologia , Adsorção , Proteínas Sanguíneas/imunologia , Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucócitos/imunologia , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Lipossomos/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Coroa de Proteína/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Células THP-1
17.
Front Oncol ; 9: 198, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001470

RESUMO

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive blood cancer caused by the deregulation of key T-cell developmental pathways, including Notch signaling. Aberrant Notch signaling in T-ALL occurs by NOTCH1 gain-of-function mutations and by NOTCH3 overexpression. Although NOTCH3 is assumed as a Notch1 target, machinery driving its transcription in T-ALL is undefined in leukemia subsets lacking Notch1 activation. Here, we found that the binding of the intracellular Notch3 domain, as well as of the activated Notch1 fragment, to the NOTCH3 gene locus led to the recruitment of the H3K27 modifiers JMJD3 and p300, and it was required to preserve transcriptional permissive/active H3K27 marks and to sustain NOTCH3 gene expression levels. Consistently, pharmacological inhibition of JMJD3 by GSKJ4 treatment or of p300 by A-485 decreased the levels of expression of NOTCH3, NOTCH1 and of the Notch target genes DELTEX1 and c-Myc and abrogated cell viability in both Notch1- and Notch3-dependent T-cell contexts. Notably, re-introduction of exogenous Notch1, Notch3 as well as c-Myc partially rescued cells from anti-growth effects induced by either treatment. Overall our findings indicate JMJD3 and p300 as general Notch1 and Notch3 signaling co-activators in T-ALL and suggest further investigation on the potential therapeutic anti-leukemic efficacy of their enzymatic inhibition in Notch/c-Myc axis-related cancers and diseases.

18.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(4): 639-643, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996810

RESUMO

Based on hit-likeness and chemical diversity, a number of chalcones and chalcone-mimetic compounds were selected as putative Notch inhibitors. The evaluation of the antiproliferative effect combined with the inhibition of Notch1 expression in KOPTK1 cell line identified compound 18, featuring a tetrahydronaphthalene-based scaffold, as a new promising Notch-blocking agent.

19.
Stem Cells Int ; 2019: 6264931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723507

RESUMO

Notch signaling is frequently activated in ovarian cancer (OC) and contributes to the proliferation and survival of cultured OC cells as well as to tumor formation and angiogenesis in xenograft models. Several studies demonstrate that Notch3 expression renders cancer cells more resistant to carboplatin, contributing to chemoresistance and poor survival of OC-bearing patients. This suggests that Notch3 can represent both a biomarker and a target for therapeutic interventions in OC patients. Although it is still unclear how chemoresistance arises, different lines of evidence support a critical role of cancer stem cells (CSCs), suggesting that CSC targeting by innovative therapeutic approaches might represent a promising tool to efficiently reduce OC recurrence. To date, CSC-directed therapies in OC tumors are mainly targeted to the inhibition of CSC-related signaling pathways, including Notch. As it is increasingly evident the involvement of Notch signaling, and in particular of Notch3, in regulating stem-like cell maintenance and expansion in several tumors, here we provide an overview of the current knowledge of Notch3 role in CSC-mediated OC chemoresistance, finally exploring the potential design of innovative Notch3 inhibition-based therapies for OC treatment, aimed at eradicating tumor through the suppression of CSCs.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(12): 1160, 2018 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478302

RESUMO

As previously reported, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells show constitutive Notch1/2 activation and express the Notchligand Jagged1. Despite increasing knowledge of the impact of Notch alterations on CLL biology and pathogenesis, the role of Jagged1 expressed in CLL cells remains undefined. In other cell types, it has been shown that after Notch engagement, Jagged1 not only activates Notch in signal-receiving cell, but also undergoes proteolytic activation in signal-sending cell, triggering a signaling with biological effects. We investigated whether Jagged1 expressed in CLL cells undergoes proteolytic processing and/or is able to induce Notch activation through autocrine/paracrine loops, focusing on the effect that CLL prosurvival factor IL-4 could exert on the Notch-Jagged1 system in these cells. We found that Jagged1 was constitutively processed in CLL cells and generated an intracellular fragment that translocated into the nucleus, and an extracellular fragment released into the culture supernatant. IL-4 enhanced expression of Jagged1 and its intracellular fragments, as well as Notch1/2 activation. The IL-4-induced increase in Notch1/2 activation was independent of the concomitant upregulated Jagged1 levels. Indeed, blocking Notch-Jagged1 interactions among CLL cells with Jagged1 neutralizing antibodies did not affect the expression of the Notch target Hes1. Notably, anti-Jagged1 antibodies partially prevented the IL-4-induced increase in Jagged1 processing and cell viability, suggesting that Jagged1 processing is one of the events contributing to IL-4-induced CLL cell survival. Consistent with this, Jagged1 silencing by small interfering RNA partially counteracted the capacity of IL-4 to promote CLL cell survival. Investigating the pathways whereby IL-4 promoted Notch1/2 activation in CLL cells independent of Jagged1, we found that PI3Kδ/AKT and PKCδ were involved in upregulating Notch1 and Notch2 proteins, respectively. Overall, this study provides new insights into the Notch-ligand system in CLL cells and suggests that targeting this system may be exploited as a novel/additional therapy approach for CLL.


Assuntos
Interleucina-4/genética , Proteína Jagged-1/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Proteína Quinase C-delta/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Receptor Notch2/genética , Transdução de Sinais
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