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Int J Cardiol ; 283: 35-40, 2019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528623

RESUMO

AIMS: Troponin is the gold-standard for diagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic performance of a new ultra-sensitivity troponin I (us-TnI) assay in patients with suspected MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1534 patients with suspected MI were included. Us-TnI measurements were performed directly on admission and after one hour. One-year rates of mortality and incident MI were assessed. For diagnostic evaluation the negative and positive predictive value (NPV/PPV) using admission us-TnI concentrations and 0/1h delta were calculated. For rule-out an NPV > 99.5% (100% for single-admission-value) and for rule-in a PPV > 80% was targeted. Internal derivation/validation was used. In the derivation dataset 155/767 (20.2%) patients were diagnosed with having non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI). For rule-out of NSTEMI an us-TnI < 1 ng/L directly on admission resulted in an NPV of 100.0% (CI 98.2-100.0). Using serial sampling an admission us-TnI < 2 ng/L and a 0/1h delta < 1 ng/L resulted in an NPV of 99.7% (CI 98.4-100.0) and ruled-out NSTEMI in 46.8% of all patients. The respective one-year rate of death or MI was 0.6%. For rule-in of NSTEMI an us-TnI ≥ 25 ng/L on admission or a 0/1h delta ≥ 6 ng/L resulted in a PPV of 81.3% (CI 73.7-87.5) and ruled-in NSTEMI in 18.5% of all patients. The one-year event rate was 12.7%. Results were similar in 767 patients from the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Application of an us-TnI assay allows the accurate triage of a large proportion of patients with suspected MI using a 0/1h algorithm. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02355457).


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Triagem/métodos , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
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