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1.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 9: 92, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29201152

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic patients may be more susceptible to myocardial injury after coronary interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the release of cardiac biomarkers, CK-MB and troponin, and the findings of new late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after elective revascularization procedures for multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Patients with multivessel CAD and preserved systolic ventricular function underwent either elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), off-pump or on-pump bypass surgery (CABG). Troponin and CK-MB were systematically collected at baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 h after the procedures. CMR with LGE was performed before and after the interventions. Patients were stratified according to diabetes status at study entry. Biomarkers and CMR results were compared between diabetic and nondiabetics patients. Analyses of correlation were also performed among glycemic and glycated hemoglobin (A1c) levels and troponin and CK-MB peak levels. Patients were also stratified into tertiles of fasting glycemia and A1c levels and were compared in terms of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) on CMR. Results: Ninety (44.5%) of the 202 patients had diabetes mellitus at study entry. After interventions, median peak troponin was 2.18 (0.47, 5.14) and 2.24 (0.69, 5.42) ng/mL (P = 0.81), and median peak CK-MB was 14.1 (6.8, 31.7) and 14.0 (4.2, 29.8) ng/mL (P = 0.43), in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. The release of troponin and CK-MB over time was statistically similar in both groups and in the three treatments, besides PCI. New LGE on CMR indicated that new myocardial fibrosis was present in 18.9 and 17.3% (P = 0.91), and myocardial edema in 15.5 and 22.9% (P = 0.39) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. The incidence of PMI in the glycemia tertiles was 17.9% versus 19.3% versus 18.7% (P = 0.98), and in the A1c tertiles was 19.1% versus 13.3% versus 22.2% (P = 0.88). Conclusions: In this study, diabetes mellitus did not add risk of myocardial injury after revascularization interventions in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. Trial Registration Name of Registry: Evaluation of cardiac biomarker elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft; URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com.ISRCTN09454308.

2.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 12(1): 122, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29284532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of peri-procedural myocardial infarction is complex, especially after the emergence of high-sensitivity markers of myocardial necrosis. METHODS: In this study, patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers and formal indication for elective on-pump coronary bypass surgery were evaluated. Electrocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. Myocardial infarction was defined as more than ten times the upper reference limit of the 99th percentile for troponin I and for creatine kinase isoform (CK-MB) and by the findings of new late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance. We assessed the release of cardiac biomarkers in patients with no evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of 75 patients referred for on-pump coronary bypass surgery, 54 (100%) did not have evidence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. However, all had a peak troponin I above the 99th percentile; 52 (96%) had an elevation 10 times higher than the 99th percentile. Regarding CK-MB, 54 (100%) patients had a peak CK-MB above the 99th percentile limit, and only 13 (24%) had an elevation greater than 10 times the 99th percentile. The median value of troponin I peak was 3.15 (1.2 to 3.9) ng/mL, which represented 78.7 times the 99th percentile. CONCLUSION: In this study, different from CK-MB findings, troponin was significantly increased in the absence of myocardial infarction on cardiac magnetic resonance. Thus, CK-MB was more accurate than troponin I for excluding procedure-related myocardial infarction. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of coronary bypass surgery related myocardial infarction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN09454308 . Registered 08 May 2012.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Gadolínio , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(6): e6053, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28178154

RESUMO

The release of myocardial necrosis biomarkers after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) frequently occurs. However, the correlation between biomarker release and the diagnosis of procedure-related myocardial infarction (MI) (type 5) has been controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the amount and pattern of cardiac biomarker release after elective OPCAB in patients without evidence of a new MI on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE).Patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers referred for elective OPCAB were prospectively included. CMR with LGE was performed in all patients before and after interventions. Measurements of troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB) were systematically performed before and after the procedure. Patients with new LGE on the postprocedure CMR were excluded.All of the 53 patients without CMR evidence of a procedure-related MI after OPCAB exhibited a cTnI elevation peak above the 99th percentile. In 48 (91%), the peak value was >10 times this threshold. However, 41 (77%) had a CK-MB peak above the limit of the 99th percentile, and this peak was >10 times the 99th percentile in only 7 patients (13%). The median peak release of cTnI was 0.290 (0.8-3.7) ng/mL, which is 50-fold higher than the 99th percentile.In contrast with CK-MB, considerable cTnI release often occurs after an elective OPCAB procedure, despite the absence of new LGE on CMR.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/patologia , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 15: 72, 2015 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26195004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac-specific troponin detected with the new high-sensitivity assays can be chronically elevated in response to cardiovascular comorbidities and confer important prognostic information, in the absence of unstable coronary syndromes. Both diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease are known predictors of troponin elevation. It is not known whether diabetic patients with coronary artery disease have different levels of troponin compared with diabetic patients with normal coronary arteries. To investigate this question, we determined the concentrations of a level 1 troponin assay in two groups of diabetic patients: those with multivessel coronary artery disease and those with angiographically normal coronary arteries. METHODS: We studied 95 diabetic patients and compared troponin in serum samples from 50 patients with coronary artery disease (mean age = 63.7, 58 % male) with 45 controls with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Brain natriuretic peptide and the oxidative stress biomarkers myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine and oxidized LDL were also determined. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease had higher levels of troponin than did controls (median values, 12.0 pg/mL (95 % CI:10-16) vs 7.0 pg/mL (95 % CI: 5.9-8.5), respectively; p = 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of CAD was 0.712 with a sensitivity of 70 % and a specificity of 66 %. Plasma BNP levels and oxidative stress variables (myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine, and oxidized LDL) were not different between the two groups. In a multivariate analysis, gender (p = 0.04), serum glucose (0.03) and Troponin I (p = 0.01) had independent statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Troponin elevation is related to the presence of chronic coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with multiple associated cardiovascular risk factors. Troponin may serve as a biomarker in this high-risk population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.controlled-trials.com REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN26970041.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Troponina C/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Oxirredução , Peroxidase/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Tirosina/análogos & derivados , Tirosina/sangue
5.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 14: 66, 2015 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26025451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of diabetes mellitus on myocardial ischemic preconditioning is not clearly defined. Experimental studies are conflicting and human studies are scarce and inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: Identify whether diabetes mellitus intervenes on ischemic preconditioning in symptomatic coronary artery disease patients. METHODS: Symptomatic multivessel coronary artery disease patients with preserved systolic ventricular function and a positive exercise test underwent two sequential exercise tests to demonstrate ischemic preconditioning. Ischemic parameters were compared among patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ischemic preconditioning was considered present when the time to 1.0 mm ST deviation and rate pressure-product were greater in the second of 2 exercise tests. Sequential exercise tests were analyzed by 2 independent cardiologists. RESULTS: Of the 2,140 consecutive coronary artery disease patients screened, 361 met inclusion criteria, and 174 patients (64.2 ± 7.6 years) completed the study protocol. Of these, 86 had the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Among diabetic patients, 62 (72 %) manifested an improvement in ischemic parameters consistent with ischemic preconditioning, whereas among nondiabetic patients, 60 (68 %) manifested ischemic preconditioning (p = 0.62). The analysis of patients who demonstrated ischemic preconditioning showed similar improvement in the time to 1.0 mm ST deviation between diabetic and nondiabetic groups (79.4 ± 47.6 vs 65.5 ± 36.4 s, respectively, p = 0.12). Regarding rate pressure-product, the improvement was greater in diabetic compared to nondiabetic patients (3011 ± 2430 vs 2081 ± 2139 bpm x mmHg, respectively, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, diabetes mellitus was not associated with impairment in ischemic preconditioning in symptomatic coronary artery disease patients. Furthermore, diabetic patients experienced an improvement in this significant mechanism of myocardial protection.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico , Idoso , Angina Estável/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. [80] p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-871549

RESUMO

Introdução: A determinação de troponinas I e T é considerado o padrão ouro para diagnóstico do infarto agudo do miocárdio. Novos métodos foram desenvolvidos possibilitando a determinação de troponinas em concentrações mínimas no plasma atualmente, abaixo de picogramas/mL. A pesquisa com estes novos marcadores mostrou concentrações detectáveis na população geral e também em pacientes com diferentes doenças associadas. Tem-se demonstrado correlação entre a elevação destes marcadores e mortalidade cardíaca e não cardíaca. Diabetes mellitus e doença arterial coronária são preditores conhecidos da elevação de troponinas. Não se sabe se há diferença entre as concentrações de troponinas em pacientes diabéticos com e sem doença arterial coronária. Objetivo: Quantificar as concentrações de troponinas em dois subgrupos de pacientes diabéticos: um grupo com doença arterial coronária e um segundo grupo controle - sem doença arterial coronária e comparar os resultados destes grupos. Métodos: Concentrações de troponinas foram determinadas em pacientes diabéticos: com e sem doença arterial coronária. Os pacientes foram pareados por idade e índice de massa corpórea. Ambos os grupos de pacientes tinham função ventricular avaliada como normal, pela ventriculografia no cateterismo ou por ecocardiografia transtorácica. Pacientes com fibrilação atrial e hipertrofia ventricular foram excluídos. As concentrações de BNP, nitrotirosina, mieloperoxidase e LDL oxidado também foram determinadas em ambos os grupos. Resultados: 95 pacientes participaram do estudo: 50 pacientes com doença arterial coronária (idade média=63,3 a, 58% masc) e 45 pacientes com artérias coronárias angiograficamente normais (idade média=61,4 a, 39,5% masc). As Concentrações de troponina foram significativamente mais elevadas em pacientes diabéticos com doença arterial coronária em relação aos pacientes do grupo controle (mediana=12,0 pg/mL (IQR=8,0-18,0) vs 7,0 pg/ mL (IQR =5,9-10,0)), respectivamente;...


Background: Cardiac-specific troponin detected with the new high-sensitivity assays can be chronically elevated in response to cardiovascular comorbidities and confer important prognostic information, in the absence of unstable coronary syndromes. Both diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease are known predictors of troponin elevation. It is not known whether diabetic patients with coronary artery disease have different levels of troponin compared with diabetic patients with normal coronary arteries. To investigate this question, we determined the concentrations of troponin in two groups of diabetic patients: those with multivessel coronary artery disease and those with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Methods: We studied 95 diabetic patients and compared hsTnI in serum samples from 50 patients with coronary artery disease (mean age=63.7, 58% male) with 45 controls with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Brain natriuretic peptide and the oxidative stress biomarkers myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine, and oxidized LDL were also determined. Results: Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease had higher levels of troponin than did controls (median values, 12.0 pg/mL (IQR: 8,0-18,0) vs 7.0 pg/mL (IQR: 5,9-10,0), respectively; p=0.0001).The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of CAD was 0.712 with a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 66%. Plasma BNP levels and oxidative stress variables (myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine, and oxidized LDL) were not different between the two groups. In a multivariate analysis, gender (p=0.04), serum glucose (0.03) and hsTnI (p=0.01) had independent statistical significance. Conclusion: High-sensitivity troponin elevation is related to the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with multiple associated cardiovascular risk factors. High-sensitivity troponin may serve as a biomarker in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Isquemia Miocárdica , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Estresse Oxidativo , Troponina
7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 13: 117, 2013 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful mechanism of myocardial protection and in humans it can be evaluated by sequential exercise tests. Coronary Artery Disease in the presence of diabetes mellitus may be associated with worse outcomes. In addition, some studies have shown that diabetes interferes negatively with the development of ischemic preconditioning. However, it is still unknown whether diabetes may influence the expression of ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will include 140 diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic, stable coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function. The patients will be submitted to two sequential exercise tests with 30-minutes interval between them. Ischemic parameters will be compared between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Ischemic preconditioning will be considered present when time to 1.0 mm ST-segment deviation is greater in the second of two sequential exercise tests. Exercise tests will be analyzed by two independent cardiologists. DISCUSSION: Ischemic preconditioning was first demonstrated by Murry et al. in dog's hearts. Its work was reproduced by other authors, clearly demonstrating that brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion triggers cardioprotective mechanisms against subsequent and severe ischemia. On the other hand, the demonstration of ischemic preconditioning in humans requires the presence of clinical symptoms or physiological changes difficult to be measured. One methodology largely accepted are the sequential exercise tests, in which, the improvement in the time to 1.0 mm ST depression in the second of two sequential tests is considered manifestation of ischemic preconditioning.Diabetes is an important and independent determinant of clinical prognosis. It's a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Furthermore, the association of diabetes with stable coronary artery disease imposes worse prognosis, irrespective of treatment strategy. It's still not clearly known the mechanisms responsible by these worse outcomes. Impairment in the mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning may be one major cause of this worse prognosis, but, in the clinical setting, this is not known. The present study aims to evaluate how diabetes mellitus interferes with ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable, multivessel coronary artery disease and preserved systolic ventricular function.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
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