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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(2): 227-231, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-889361

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The procedure used to evaluate salivary flow rate is called sialometry. It can be performed through several techniques, but none appears to be really efficient for post-radiotherapy patients. Objective To adequate sialometry tests for head and neck cancer patients submitted to radiotherapy. Methods 22 xerostomic patients post-radiotherapy (total radiation dose ranging from 60 to 70 Gy) were included in this study. Ten patients were evaluated using sialometries originally proposed by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and twelve were assessed by our modified methods. Unstimulated and stimulated sialometries were performed and the results were classified according a grading scale and compared between both groups. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the salivary evaluations of both groups (p = 0.4487 and p = 0.5615). Also, most of these rates were classified as very low and low. Conclusion This novel method seems to be suitable for patients submitted to radiotherapy.


Resumo Introdução O procedimento utilizado para avaliar a taxa de fluxo salivar é denominado sialometria. Pode ser realizado por meio de várias técnicas, mas nenhuma parece ser realmente eficiente para pacientes pós-radioterapia. Objetivo Adaptar sialometrias para pacientes com câncer de cabeça e pescoço submetidos à radioterapia. Método 22 pacientes xerostômicos pós-radioterapia (dose de radiação total variando de 60-70 Gy) foram incluídos neste estudo. Dez pacientes foram avaliados utilizando sialometrias originalmente propostas pelo Radiation Therapy Oncology Group e doze foram avaliados por nossos métodos modificados. Sialometrias não estimuladas e estimuladas foram conduzidas e os resultados foram classificados de acordo com uma escala de graduação e comparados entre os dois grupos. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as avaliações salivares de ambos os grupos (p = 0,4487 e p = 0,5615). Além disso, a maioria dessas taxas foi classificada como muito baixa e baixa. Conclusão Esse novo método parece ser adequado para pacientes submetidos à radioterapia.

2.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 84(2): 227-231, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28400176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The procedure used to evaluate salivary flow rate is called sialometry. It can be performed through several techniques, but none appears to be really efficient for post-radiotherapy patients. OBJECTIVE: To adequate sialometry tests for head and neck cancer patients submitted to radiotherapy. METHODS: 22 xerostomic patients post-radiotherapy (total radiation dose ranging from 60 to 70Gy) were included in this study. Ten patients were evaluated using sialometries originally proposed by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and twelve were assessed by our modified methods. Unstimulated and stimulated sialometries were performed and the results were classified according a grading scale and compared between both groups. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the salivary evaluations of both groups (p=0.4487 and p=0.5615). Also, most of these rates were classified as very low and low. CONCLUSION: This novel method seems to be suitable for patients submitted to radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Saliva/metabolismo , Xerostomia/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândula Parótida , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Lesões por Radiação , Salivação/efeitos da radiação
3.
Lasers Med Sci ; 32(4): 827-832, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28258315

RESUMO

Late effects of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer treatment have been increasingly investigated due to its impact on patients' quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy on hyposalivation, low salivary pH, and quality of life in head and neck cancer patients post-radiotherapy. Twenty-nine patients with radiation-induced xerostomia received laser sessions twice a week, during 3 months (24 sessions). For this, a continuous wave Indium-Gallium-Aluminium-Phosphorus diode laser device was used punctually on the major salivary glands (808 nm, 0.75 W/cm2, 30 mW, illuminated area 0.04 cm2, 7.5 J/cm2, 10 s, 0.3 J). Six extraoral points were illuminated on each parotid gland and three on each submandibular gland, as well as two intraoral points on each sublingual gland. Stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow rate, pH (two scales with different gradations), and quality of life (University Of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients with Head and Neck Cancer) were assessed at baseline and at the end of the treatment. There were significant increases in both mean salivary flow rates (unstimulated: p = 0.0012; stimulated: p < 0.0001), mean pH values (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.0004), and mean score from the quality of life questionnaire (p < 0.0001). Low-level laser therapy seems to be effective to mitigate salivary hypofunction and increase salivary pH of patients submitted to radiotherapy for head and neck cancer, thereby leading to an improvement in quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Qualidade de Vida , Saliva/química , Xerostomia/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 34(8): 326-30, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27196626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the impact of low-level laser (LLL) on low salivary flow rate in patients undergoing radiochemotherapy (RT-CT) for head and neck cancer. BACKGROUND DATA: LLL has shown efficiency in preventing hyposalivation in patients under different pathological conditions, including those undergoing RT-CT. METHODS: During all RT-CT, 17 patients received laser therapy and 10 received clinical care only. An Indium-Gallium-Aluminum-Phosphorus diode laser was punctually used for intraoral (660 nm, 40 mW, 10 J/cm(2), illuminated area 0.04 cm(2), 10 sec) and extraoral irradiation (780 nm, 15 mW, 3.8 J/cm(2), illuminated area 0.04 cm(2), 10 sec), three times a week and on alternate days, for a total of 21 sessions. Unstimulated salivary flow rate was assessed before the first RT session (N0), at the 15th RT session (N15), at the last RT session (Nf), and at 30 (N30) and 90 days after the end of the oncologic treatment (N90). RESULTS: At N15, Nf, and N30, patients treated with LLL showed significantly higher averages of salivary flow rate when compared with patients receiving clinical care only. CONCLUSIONS: LLL seems to be an efficient tool for mitigation of salivary hypofunction in patients undergoing RT for head and neck cancer.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Xerostomia/etiologia , Xerostomia/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Radiol Bras ; 49(2): 86-91, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27141130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether low-level laser therapy can prevent salivary hypofunction after radiotherapy and chemotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 23 head and neck cancer patients, of whom 13 received laser therapy and 10 received clinical care only. An InGaAlP laser was used intra-orally (at 660 nm and 40 mW) at a mean dose of 10.0 J/cm(2) and extra-orally (at 780 nm and 15 mW) at a mean dose of 3.7 J/cm(2), three times per week, on alternate days. Stimulated and unstimulated sialometry tests were performed before the first radiotherapy and chemotherapy sessions (N0) and at 30 days after the end of treatment (N30). RESULTS: At N30, the mean salivary flow rates were significantly higher among the laser therapy patients than among the patients who received clinical care only, in the stimulated and unstimulated sialometry tests (p = 0.0131 and p = 0.0143, respectively). CONCLUSION: Low-level laser therapy, administered concomitantly with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, appears to mitigate treatment-induced salivary hypofunction in patients with head and neck cancer.

6.
Radiol. bras ; 49(2): 86-91, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-780938

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To determine whether low-level laser therapy can prevent salivary hypofunction after radiotherapy and chemotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 23 head and neck cancer patients, of whom 13 received laser therapy and 10 received clinical care only. An InGaAlP laser was used intra-orally (at 660 nm and 40 mW) at a mean dose of 10.0 J/cm2 and extra-orally (at 780 nm and 15 mW) at a mean dose of 3.7 J/cm2, three times per week, on alternate days. Stimulated and unstimulated sialometry tests were performed before the first radiotherapy and chemotherapy sessions (N0) and at 30 days after the end of treatment (N30). Results: At N30, the mean salivary flow rates were significantly higher among the laser therapy patients than among the patients who received clinical care only, in the stimulated and unstimulated sialometry tests (p = 0.0131 and p = 0.0143, respectively). Conclusion: Low-level laser therapy, administered concomitantly with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, appears to mitigate treatment-induced salivary hypofunction in patients with head and neck cancer.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do laser de baixa potência na prevenção de hipofluxo salivar em pacientes portadores de câncer de cabeça e pescoço após radioterapia e quimioterapia. Materiais e Métodos: Treze pacientes receberam laserterapia e dez receberam cuidados clínicos. Utilizou-se um InGaAlP laser diodo para aplicação intraoral (comprimento de onda de 660 nm, 40 mW de potência e dose média de 10 J/cm2) e extraoral (comprimento de onda de 780 nm, 15 mW de potência e dose média de 3,7 J/cm2), três vezes por semana, em dias alternados. Sialometrias estimulada e não estimulada foram realizadas antes da primeira sessão de radioterapia e quimioterapia (N0) e 30 dias após o final do tratamento (N30). Resultados: Em N30, os pacientes submetidos à laserterapia apresentaram médias estatisticamente maiores de fluxo salivar estimulado (p = 0,0131) e não estimulado (p = 0,0143), em comparação com os pacientes que receberam apenas cuidados clínicos. Conclusão: A laserterapia de baixa potência realizada concomitantemente a radioterapia e quimioterapia foi capaz de mitigar a hipofunção das glândulas salivares em pacientes portadores de câncer de cabeça e pescoço após o tratamento oncológico.

7.
Radiol Bras ; 49(1): 17-20, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rectal volume influence on prostate motion during three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with prostate cancer underwent a series of three computed tomography scans including an initial planning scan and two subsequent scans during 3D-CRT. The organs of interest were outlined. The prostate contour was compared with the initial CT images considering the anterior, posterior, superior, inferior and lateral edges of the organ. Variations in the anterior limits and volume of the rectum were assessed and correlated with prostate motion in the anteroposterior direction. RESULTS: The maximum range of prostate motion was observed in the superoinferior direction, followed by the anteroposterior direction. A significant correlation was observed between prostate motion and rectal volume variation (p = 0.037). A baseline rectal volume superior to 70 cm(3) had a significant influence on the prostate motion in the anteroposterior direction (p = 0.045). CONCLUSION: The present study showed a significant interfraction motion of the prostate during 3D-CRT with greatest variations in the superoinferior and anteroposterior directions, and that a large rectal volume influences the prostate motion with a cutoff value of 70 cm(3). Therefore, the treatment of patients with a rectal volume > 70 cm(3) should be re-planned with appropriate rectal preparation.

8.
Radiol. bras ; 49(1): 17-20, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-775183

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the rectal volume influence on prostate motion during three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: Fifty-one patients with prostate cancer underwent a series of three computed tomography scans including an initial planning scan and two subsequent scans during 3D-CRT. The organs of interest were outlined. The prostate contour was compared with the initial CT images considering the anterior, posterior, superior, inferior and lateral edges of the organ. Variations in the anterior limits and volume of the rectum were assessed and correlated with prostate motion in the anteroposterior direction. Results: The maximum range of prostate motion was observed in the superoinferior direction, followed by the anteroposterior direction. A significant correlation was observed between prostate motion and rectal volume variation ( p = 0.037). A baseline rectal volume superior to 70 cm3 had a significant influence on the prostate motion in the anteroposterior direction ( p = 0.045). Conclusion: The present study showed a significant interfraction motion of the prostate during 3D-CRT with greatest variations in the superoinferior and anteroposterior directions, and that a large rectal volume influences the prostate motion with a cutoff value of 70 cm3. Therefore, the treatment of patients with a rectal volume > 70 cm3 should be re-planned with appropriate rectal preparation.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do volume retal na movimentação da próstata durante a radioterapia tridimensional conformacional (3D-CRT) para câncer de próstata. Materiais e Métodos: Cinquenta e um pacientes com câncer de próstata foram submetidos a três tomografias seriadas, sendo a primeira de planejamento e duas durante a 3D-CRT. Os órgãos de interesse foram delineados. O contorno da próstata foi comparado ao exame inicial em relação aos seus limites anterior, posterior, superior, inferior e laterais. As variações dos limites anterior do reto e de seu volume foram avaliadas e correlacionadas à movimentação da próstata no sentido anteroposterior. Resultados: As maiores variações na próstata foram observadas no sentido superoinferior, seguido pelo anteroposterior. Observou-se correlação significante da movimentação da próstata com a variação do volume do reto ( p = 0,037). O volume retal inicial superior a 70 cm3 influenciou significativamente na maior movimentação da próstata no sentido anteroposterior ( p = 0,045). Conclusão: Este estudo mostrou que a próstata apresenta significativa movimentação interfração durante a 3D-CRT, apresentando maiores variações nos sentidos superoinferior e anteroposterior, e que um volume retal inicial superior a 70 cm3 influencia na movimentação da próstata. Desta forma, os pacientes com volume retal superior a 70 cm3 devem ser replanejados com preparo retal adequado.

9.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 73(2): 104-10, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25742578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of waiting time (WT) to radiotherapy (RT) on overall survival (OS) of glioblastoma (GBM) patients as a reliable prognostic variable in Brazil, a scenario of medical disparities. METHOD: Retrospective study of 115 GBM patients from two different health-care institutions (one public and one private) in Brazil who underwent post-operative RT. RESULTS: Median WT to RT was 6 weeks (range, 1.3-17.6). The median OS for WT ≤ 6 weeks was 13.5 months (95%CI , 9.1-17.9) and for WT > 6 weeks was 14.2 months (95%CI, 11.2-17.2) (HR 1.165, 95%CI 0.770-1.762; p = 0.470). In the multivariate analysis, the variables associated with survival were KPS (p < 0.001), extent of resection (p = 0.009) and the adjuvant treatment (p = 0.001). The KPS interacted with WT to RT (HR 0.128, 95%CI 0.034-0.476; p = 0.002), showing that the benefit of KPS on OS depends on the WT to RT. CONCLUSION: No prognostic impact of WT to RT could be detected on the OS. Although there are no data to ensure that delays to RT are tolerable, we may reassure patients that the time-length to initiate treatment does not seem to influence the control of the disease, particularly in face of other prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/radioterapia , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Glioblastoma/radioterapia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(2): 104-110, 02/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-741183

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the effect of waiting time (WT) to radiotherapy (RT) on overall survival (OS) of glioblastoma (GBM) patients as a reliable prognostic variable in Brazil, a scenario of medical disparities. Method Retrospective study of 115 GBM patients from two different health-care institutions (one public and one private) in Brazil who underwent post-operative RT. Results Median WT to RT was 6 weeks (range, 1.3-17.6). The median OS for WT ≤ 6 weeks was 13.5 months (95%CI , 9.1-17.9) and for WT > 6 weeks was 14.2 months (95%CI, 11.2-17.2) (HR 1.165, 95%CI 0.770-1.762; p = 0.470). In the multivariate analysis, the variables associated with survival were KPS (p < 0.001), extent of resection (p = 0.009) and the adjuvant treatment (p = 0.001). The KPS interacted with WT to RT (HR 0.128, 95%CI 0.034-0.476; p = 0.002), showing that the benefit of KPS on OS depends on the WT to RT. Conclusion No prognostic impact of WT to RT could be detected on the OS. Although there are no data to ensure that delays to RT are tolerable, we may reassure patients that the time-length to initiate treatment does not seem to influence the control of the disease, particularly in face of other prognostic factors. .


Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do tempo de espera (TE) até radioterapia na sobrevida global de pacientes com glioblastoma como um fator prognóstico confiável. Método Estudo retrospectivo de 115 pacientes com glioblastoma, que foram submetidos à radioterapia pós-operatória, em dois serviços diferentes no Brasil (um público e outro privado). Resultados Mediana de TE para radioterapia foi de 6 semanas (variação, 1,3-17,6). A mediana de sobrevida para TE ≤ 6 semanas foi de 13,5 meses (IC95%, 9,1-17,9) e para TE > 6 semanas foi de 14,2 meses (IC95%, 11,2-17,2) (HR 1,165, 0,770-1,762; p = 0,470). Na análise multivariada, as variáveis associadas à sobrevida foram perfomance status (p < 0,001), extensão da ressecção (p = 0,009) e tratamento adjuvante (p = 0,001). Conclusão Não se observou impacto prognóstico para TE até a radioterapia na sobrevida. Diante de outros fatores prognósticos, é possível assegurar de que o espaço de tempo até a radioterapia não parece influenciar o controle da doença. .


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Papio/fisiologia , Prenhez/fisiologia , Contração Uterina/fisiologia , Eletromiografia/veterinária , Laparotomia/veterinária , Fotoperíodo , Papio/cirurgia
11.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 32(11): 618-26, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the repair of rat tibiae exposed to ionizing radiation (IR). BACKGROUND DATA: IR causes structural changes that delay bone tissue repair. Properly dosed, LLLT improves the bone repair process. METHODS: Seventy-two healthy Wistar rats were distributed into the following groups: Group I, sham control; Group II, LLLT; Group III, IR; and Group IV, IR and LLLT. Groups III and IV received a single dose (30 Gy) of gamma radiation and underwent surgery 28 days later. A noncritical sized bone defect (diameter 2.5 mm) was surgically created in all groups. Groups II and IV received three applications of postsurgical LLLT (GaAlAs, 808 nm, 100 mW, 0.028 cm(2), 3.57 W/cm(2), 20 sec, 2 J,≅71.4 J/cm(2)) on alternate days. Histomorphometry was assessed following digital image analysis. RESULTS: The samples were evaluated on days 7, 14, and 21 after surgery; the IR protocol resulted in a significant reduction (p<0.018) in bone formation in Group III compared with Group I. Significant increases (p<0.006) in newly formed bone were noted in Group IV compared with Group III. No significant differences were observed between Group I and Group IV. CONCLUSIONS: LLLT increased the newly formed bone area during the initial phase of the tibiae repair process in rats exposed to IR.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Lesões por Radiação/terapia , Tíbia/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Lasers Semicondutores , Masculino , Doses de Radiação , Radiação Ionizante , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
12.
Neuro Oncol ; 16(7): 999-1005, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24463356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and survival features of patients with glioblastoma multiforme treated in 2 health care scenarios--public and private--in Brazil. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical, treatment, and outcome characteristics of glioblastoma multiforme patients from 2003 to 2011 at 2 institutions. RESULTS: The median age of the 171 patients (117 public and 54 private) was 59.3 years (range, 18-84). The median survival for patients treated in private institutions was 17.4 months (95% confidence interval, 11.1-23.7) compared with 7.1 months (95% confidence interval, 3.8-10.4) for patients treated in public institutions (P < .001). The time from the first symptom to surgery was longer in the public setting (median of 64 days for the public hospital and 31 days for the private institution; P = .003). The patients at the private hospital received radiotherapy concurrent with chemotherapy in 59.3% of cases; at the public hospital, only 21.4% (P < .001). Despite these differences, the institution of treatment was not found to be an independent predictor of outcome (hazard ratio, 1.675; 95% confidence interval, 0.951-2.949; P = .074). The Karnofsky performance status and any additional treatment after surgery were predictors of survival. A hazard ratio of 0.010 (95% confidence interval, 0.003-0.033; P < .001) was observed for gross total tumor resection followed by radiotherapy concurrent with chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Despite obvious disparities between the hospitals, the medical assistance scenario was not an independent predictor of survival. However, survival was directly influenced by additional treatment after surgery. Therefore, increasing access to resources in developing countries like Brazil is critical.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Glioblastoma/terapia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Feminino , Hospitais Privados/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Support Care Cancer ; 20(11): 2903-11, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22410861

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the late oral complications and the role of salivary gland hypofunction in the severity of mucosal reaction in nonsurgical head and neck cancer patients, submitted to radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five hundred fifteen charts from patients treated between 2005 and 2009 were reviewed, and 41 patients met the inclusion criteria. Salivary gland function was assessed using a simplified grading system (GSX) and sialometry. Late effects were assessed using the Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC Version 2.0). RESULTS: The average follow-up was 17.1 (4-51) months. A statistical correlation was found for whole salivary flow rates and the average CTC grades for the mucous membrane. Both unstimulated/stimulated whole salivary flow rates (<0.09 mL/min) were identified as potential risk factors (p < 0.05) and an independent predictor for late mucous membrane toxicity (≥ grade 2). A significant correlation was also found between unstimulated salivary flow rates-GSX scores (p = 0.001) and CTC grades for salivary glands. Eighty-five percent of the patients were classified as suffering from salivary gland hypofunction, as well as 58.2 % considered dryness of the mouth the most debilitating complication. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the late effects assessed, the salivary gland hypofunction was the most significant and received the highest morbidity graduation (grade 2/grade 3); xerostomia was also considered the most debilitating complication after treatment. Data show the role of salivary gland hypofunction in the severity of late mucous membrane complication.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Xerostomia/etiologia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Bucal/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Risco , Saliva/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 82(3): 1285-91, 2012 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21550180

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic response of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy given low-dose orbital radiotherapy (RT) with a protracted fractionation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eighteen patients (36 orbits) received orbital RT with a total dose of 10 Gy, fractionated in 1 Gy once a week over 10 weeks. Of these, 9 patients received steroid therapy as well. Patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically at 6 months after treatment. Clinical response assessment was carried out using three criteria: by physical examination, by a modified clinical activity score, and by a verbal questionnaire considering the 10 most common signs and symptoms of the disease. Radiologic response was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Improvement in ocular pain, palpebral edema, visual acuity, and ocular motility was observed in all patients. Significant decrease in symptoms such as tearing (p < 0.001) diplopia (p = 0.008), conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.002), and ocular grittiness (p = 0.031) also occurred. Magnetic resonance imaging showed decrease in ocular muscle thickness and in the intensity of the T2 sequence signal in the majority of patients. Treatments were well tolerated, and to date no complications from treatment have been observed. There was no statistical difference in clinical and radiologic response between patients receiving RT alone and those receiving RT plus steroid therapy. CONCLUSION: RT delivered in at a low dose and in a protracted scheme should be considered as a useful therapeutic option for patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Edema/radioterapia , Dor Ocular/radioterapia , Doenças Palpebrais/radioterapia , Feminino , Oftalmopatia de Graves/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/radioterapia , Músculos Oculomotores/efeitos da radiação , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Acuidade Visual/efeitos da radiação , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 45(6): 1338-1344, Dec. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-611552

RESUMO

O objetivo do presente trabalho é classificar o grau de mucosite oral de acordo com os parâmetros internacionais do Common Toxicity Criterion (CTC) em pacientes portadores de tumor de cabeça e pescoço submetidos à radioterapia e quimioterapia concomitantes, e caracterizar um perfil dos pacientes em nosso meio, verificando os hábitos dos indivíduos, as características do tumor, o protocolo de tratamento e a intensidade desta reação aguda. Neste estudo foram avaliados 50 pacientes, submetidos à radioterapia em megavoltagem com doses entre 66 a 70 Gy e quimioterapia com cisplatina ou carboplatina concomitante. Semanalmente foi avaliado o grau de mucosite de acordo com o CTC, uma escala ordinal que apresenta 4 graus. Observou-se interrupção do tratamento por mucosite em 36 por cento do total de pacientes e em 100 por cento dos pacientes diabéticos, o que nos permitiu verificar que esta patologia contribui para a gravidade da mucosite.


The objective of present study was to classify oral mucositis according to the Common Toxicity Criterion (CTC) international parameters in head and neck tumor patients simultaneously treated with radio and chemotherapy, and characterize a patient profile in our area, observing the individuals' habits, tumor characteristics, treatment protocol and acute reaction intensity. Fifty patients undergoing simultaneous 66 to 70 Gy megavoltage radiotherapy and cisplatin/carboplatin chemotherapy were evaluated in this study. Weekly evaluations of the degree of mucositis were perfoemed according to CTC, a four-degree ordinal scale; 36 percent of all patients and 100 percent of those with diabetes discontinued treatment due to mucositis, showing that this pathology contributes to the severity of mucositis.


El trabajo objetivó clasificar el grado de Mucositis oral de acuerdo a parámetros internacionales del CTC en pacientes portadores de tumores de cabeza y cuello sometidos a radioterapia y quimioterapia concomitantes, y caracterizar un perfil de pacientes en nuestro medio, verificando hábitos de los individuos, características del tumor, protocolo de tratamiento e intensidad de esta reacción aguda. Fueron evaluados 50 pacientes sometidos a radioterapia en megavoltaje con dosis entre 66 y 70 G y quimioterapia con cisplatino o carboplatino concomitante. Se evaluó semanalmente el grado de Mucositis según el Common Toxicity Criterio - CTC, una escala ordinal que presenta cuatro grados. Se observó interrupción del tratamiento por Mucositis en 36 por ciento del total de pacientes y en 100 por ciento de los pacientes diabéticos, lo que nos permite verificar que dicha patología potencia la gravedad de la mucositis.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Mucosite/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Mucosa Bucal
16.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 45(6): 1338-44, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22241190

RESUMO

The objective of present study was to classify oral mucositis according to the Common Toxicity Criterion (CTC) international parameters in head and neck tumor patients simultaneously treated with radio and chemotherapy, and characterize a patient profile in our area, observing the individuals' habits, tumor characteristics, treatment protocol and acute reaction intensity. Fifty patients undergoing simultaneous 66 to 70 Gy megavoltage radiotherapy and cisplatin/carboplatin chemotherapy were evaluated in this study. Weekly evaluations of the degree of mucositis were perfoemed according to CTC, a four-degree ordinal scale; 36% of all patients and 100% of those with diabetes discontinued treatment due to mucositis, showing that this pathology contributes to the severity of mucositis.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Mucosite/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal
17.
Radiol. bras ; 43(4): 236-240, jul.-ago. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-557976

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a reprodutibilidade do posicionamento de pacientes com diagnóstico de câncer de próstata submetidos a radioterapia conformada. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 960 (posições anterior e lateral) filmes radiológicos, de um total de 120 pacientes que receberam radioterapia conformada na próstata com técnica isocêntrica. As imagens foram obtidas em acelerador linear de partículas 6 MV. Aplicou-se protocolo específico para planejamento e tratamento da próstata, com o paciente em posição supina, mãos colocadas sobre o tórax, pés apoiados em suporte apropriado. Diariamente, os pacientes foram posicionados conforme demarcações na pele, coincidentes com os lasers da sala. Os filmes radiológicos foram comparados com as radiografias reconstruídas digitalmente (digitally reconstructed radiography - DRR) em sistema de planejamento computadorizado Eclipse, a partir das tomografias. As radiografias de posicionamento foram realizadas no primeiro dia e após, semanalmente, até o término do tratamento. RESULTADOS: As médias dos deslocamentos observados foram de 1,99 ± 1,25 mm no sentido crânio-caudal, 1,37 ± 0,84 mm no látero-lateral e 1,94 ± 1,10 mm no ântero-posterior. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de protocolos específicos para posicionamento dos pacientes é possível na prática clínica, possibilita reprodutibilidade adequada e rápida correção dos possíveis erros.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility of daily patients' setup in 3D conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study evaluated a total of 960 radiological images (anterior and lateral views) of 120 patients submitted to conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer with the isocentric technique. A 6 MV particle accelerator was utilized in the process. A specific protocol for prostate radiotherapy planning and treatment was applied, with the patients placed in supine position, hands on the chest and legs placed on and appropriate support. Daily, the patients were positioned according to previously made skin markings in alignment with the in-room laser. The portal images were compared with digitally reconstructed radiographies (DRR) in the Eclipse treatment planning system based on the tomographic images. Radiography was performed at the first day, and weekly afterwards until the treatment was completed. RESULTS: The following average position shifts were observed: 1.99 ± 1.25 mm craniocaudally, 1.37 ± 0.84 mm laterally, and 1.94 ± 1.10 mm anteroposteriorly. CONCLUSION: The use of specific protocols for patients' setup is feasible in the clinical practice, allowing appropriate reproducibility and quick correction of possible errors in conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Posicionamento do Paciente , Neoplasias da Próstata , Radioterapia Conformacional , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Radiol. bras ; 43(3): 175-178, maio-jun. 2010. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-552309

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os limites de campo padronizados para radioterapia de neoplasia maligna de colo uterino com o uso de ressonância magnética e verificar a importância deste exame na redução de possíveis erros de planejamento com técnica convencional. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, retrospectivamente, exames de ressonância magnética do planejamento de 51 pacientes tratadas devido a neoplasia de colo uterino. Os parâmetros estudados foram limites anterior e posterior no corte sagital. RESULTADOS: Observou-se, no corte sagital das ressonâncias magnéticas, que o limite de campo anterior apresentou-se inadequado em 20 (39,2 por cento) pacientes e que houve perda geográfica em 37,3 por cento dos casos no limite posterior. A inadequação de ambos os limites de campo não se relacionou com parâmetros clínicos como idade das pacientes, estadiamento, tipo e grau histológico. CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação dos limites de campo padronizados pela literatura com o uso de ressonância magnética mostrou altos índices de inadequação dos limites do campo lateral, assim como a importância do uso deste exame no planejamento radioterápico de pacientes portadoras de câncer de colo uterino com a finalidade de reduzir a perda geográfica no volume alvo de tratamento.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, by means of magnetic resonance imaging, the standardized field borders in radiotherapy for malignant neoplasm of uterine cervix, and to determine the role of this method in the reduction of possible planning errors related to the conventional technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging studies for planning of treatment of 51 patients with uterine cervix cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The parameters assessed were the anterior and posterior field borders on sagittal section. RESULTS: The anterior field border was inappropriate in 20 (39.2 percent) patients and geographic miss was observed in 37.3 percent of cases in the posterior border. The inappropriateness of both field borders did not correlate with clinical parameters such as patients' age, tumor staging, histological type and degree. CONCLUSION: The evaluation of standardized field borders with the use of magnetic resonance imaging has demonstrated high indices of inappropriateness of the lateral field borders, as well as the relevant role of magnetic resonance imaging in the radiotherapy planning for patients with uterine cervix cancer with a view to reduce the occurrence of geographic miss of the target volume.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Radioterapia , Neoplasias Uterinas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
19.
Rev. imagem ; 31(3/4): 39-43, jul.-dez. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-613741

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a evolução clínica e as complicações agudas e tardias de pacientes portadores de neoplasia de cabeça e pescoço localmente avançada submetidos a cirurgia com radio e quimioterapiaadjuvantes. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: No período de maio de 2004 a junho de 2007 foram analisados 39 pacientes com neoplasia de cabeça e pescoço localmente avançada submetidos a ressecção cirúrgica, radio e quimioterapia adjuvantes. RESULTADOS: A idade mediana foi de 54 anos. Estádio III foi observado em 30,8% e estádio IVA em 61,5% dos pacientes. Setenta e sete por cento dos pacientes realizaram radioterapia com dose de 66 Gy. Em relação às complicações agudas,a mais prevalente foi dermatite grau III em 46,2%, e 48,7% dos pacientes apresentaram fibrosecomo complicação tardia. O seguimento mediano foi de 30 meses, com estimativa de sobrevidalivre de doença locorregional de 70% e sobrevida global de 76% em cinco anos. CONCLUSÃO: Esteestudo mostra que, em pacientes com neoplasia de cabeça e pescoço localmente avançada, a cirurgia seguida de radio e quimioterapia apresentam resultados de controle locorregional e sobrevida livre de doença satisfatórios. Nossos resultados, bem como porcentagens de complicações agudas e tardias, estão compatíveis com a literatura.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with locallyadvanced head and neck cancer treated with postoperative concurrent radio-chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thirtynine patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer submittedto resection of all visible and palpable disease, followed byradiotherapy (60–66 Gy in 30 to 33 fractions over a period of 6 to6.6 weeks) and concurrent cisplatin between May 2004 and June2007 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A predominance of male with a median age of 54 years was observed; 30.8% of patients were in stage III and 61.5% in stage IVA; 77% of patients received a radiation dose of 66 Gy; dermatitis grade III occurred in 46.2% and fibrosis in 48.7% of patients. The 5-year loco-regional failure and overall survival were 30% and 76%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Data show that surgery followed by concurrent radio-chemotherapypresents reasonable rate of loco-regional control and disease-free survival in high-risk patients. Our index of loco-regionaland distant failure and the rate of acute and late complicationare compatible with other series in the literature.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Evolução Clínica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Tratamento Farmacológico/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Rev. imagem ; 31(1/2): 1-5, jan.-jun. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-542441

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Identificar fatores prognósticos e avaliar a evolução clínica de pacientes com diagnósticode glioblastoma submetidos a cirurgia e radioterapia, com ou sem quimioterapia adjuvante. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: trabalho retrospectivo com 48 pacientes portadores de glioblastoma tratadosno período de 1997 a 2007. Todos os pacientes foram classificados segundo critérios do recursive partitioning analysis (RPA). RESULTADOS: Observaram-se predominância do sexo feminino, idade maior ou igual a 50 anos, performance status maior ou igual a 70, e as classes mais prevalentes,de acordo com a classificação RPA, foram a V e VI. Em 72,9% dos pacientes foi realizada ressecção parcial da lesão e em 27,1%, ressecção subtotal ou total. Quimioterapia foi administrada em47,9% dos pacientes e a dose de radioterapia foi de 50û60 Gy em 72,9% dos casos. A sobrevida global mediana observada foi de 52 semanas. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados obtidos mostram que a sobrevida global de pacientes portadores de glioblastoma foi semelhante aos resultados encontrados na literatura e dependente de fatores como a adição de quimioterapia, dose de radioterapia eíndice de Karnofsky.


OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic factors and evaluate the clinicaloutcome of patients with glioblastoma treated with surgery and radiotherapy combined or not with chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this retrospective study, 48 patients with glioblastoma were treated between 1997 and 2007. All patients wereclassified according the recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) criteria.RESULTS: The majority of patients were female, with 50 years of age or above. Performance status of 70 or greater were found in 70.8% of cases, and RPA classes V and VI prevailed. Seventy-two percent of patients were submitted to partial resection and 27.1% to total or subtotal resection. Chemotherapy wasadministered in 47.9% of patients and doses between 50 and 60 Gy were delivered in 72.9%. The median overall survival was 52 weeks. CONCLUSION: Our data show an overall survival that approaches the related in others reports and were dependent of factors such as chemotherapy, dose of radiation and Karnofsky performance status.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/radioterapia , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Carmustina/uso terapêutico , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
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