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1.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 54(1): 54, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028725

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin C supplementation on blood parameters of pre-parturient (PP) dairy cows and growth performance and immune system of their newborn calves. Forty PP cows (at approximately 21 days before calving and an average weight 791 ± 50 kg) were allocated into two experimental treatments: (1) basal diet without vitamin C supplementation (CO) and (2) basal diet with 20 g of vitamin C supplementation from 21 days before calving to parturition (VC). After parturition, the experiment continued by grouping the calves into four dietary treatments with 8 calves in each treatment. The experimental treatments were (1) control calves with no vitamin C supplementation and from cows that received no vitamin C supplement (CON), (2) calves supplemented with 600 mg of vitamin C per day and from cows that received no vitamin C supplement (CVC), (3) calves supplemented with no vitamin C and from cows that received 20 g of vitamin C per day (MVC), and (4) calves supplemented with 600 mg of vitamin C per day and from cows that received 20 g of vitamin C per day (CMVC). Serum concentrations of glucose, HDL and LDL, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, and albumin of cows were not affected by vitamin C supplementation during pre-parturient period. However, cows that received VC diet had lower (P < 0.05) malondialdehyde (MDA) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations, higher total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and vitamin C concentration in their blood compared to CO cows. Vitamin C supplementation had no effect on plasma iron, copper, and zinc concentrations of PP cows. Similarly, vitamin C supplementation had no effect on total feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of suckling calves. However, calves in the CMVC group had higher (P < 0.05) overall daily weight gain compared to the other groups. Calves in the CVC and CMVC groups had lower (P < 0.05) blood MDA concentration on days 7 and 21. The highest (P < 0.05) blood TAC level was recorded in CMVC calves. Control group calves had lower (P < 0.05) blood superoxide dismutase activity compared to the other calves. Blood levels of alanine aminotransferase on days 7 and 21 and aspartate aminotransferase on day 7 were higher (P < 0.05) for calves in the CON and MVC groups. Based on the results, vitamin C supplementation had positive health effects on the oxidative parameters of PP dairy cows and also improved the performance and health status of the calves.


Assuntos
Cobre , Zinco , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Ferro
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 101(13): 5574-5582, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal use of feed resources must be considered by most livestock farmers. The use of low-cost agricultural by-products and the processing of these materials is one possible solution in this respect. One such compound is edible button mushroom waste (EM), a large amount of which is produced annually in the mushroom production cycle worldwide. RESULTS: Bulk density 100 of EM was smaller than the other groups. These changes also applied to alfalfa for bulk density, which was higher than the replaced waste. The dry matter solubility of EM was higher than that of alfalfa hay, whereas the ash solubility rate for EM was greater compared to alfalfa. Replacing up to 210 g kg-1 alfalfa with EM did not affect the production of purine derivatives, microbial protein, nitrogen excreted in urine and feces, and retained nitrogen, although the organic matter digestibility (OMD) increased, whereas the crude protein digestibility and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased (P < 0.05). Fermentation potential, gas production rate, metabolizable energy and short-chain fatty acids were increased. On replacing up to 210 g kg-1 alfalfa with EM, the diet OMD increased, whereas the crude protein and NDF digestibility decreased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: EM usage in the experimental diets did not affect the production of purine derivatives, microbial protein, nitrogen excreted in urine and feces, and retained nitrogen. The physical properties, chemical composition and nutritional value of EM, as well as its low cost, show that it can be used as an alternative part of the diet forage in the ruminant's diet. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Agaricus/química , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Ovinos/metabolismo , Resíduos/análise , Agaricales/química , Agaricales/metabolismo , Agaricus/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Digestão , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Medicago sativa/química , Medicago sativa/metabolismo , Nutrientes/química , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovinos/microbiologia
3.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 195(2): 461-471, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392544

RESUMO

The need for minerals during pregnancy in mammals increases by progress of gestation due to embryo development. Therefore, the supply of trace minerals for pregnant ewes in late pregnancy may be of vital importance. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of selenium and iodine release slowly on the performance and some blood parameters of pregnant ewes and their lambs. Experiments were performed on 40 pregnant ewes from 3 to 4 years old in the last month of pregnancy with a weighing average of 52 ± 5 kg and a factorial experiment (2 × 2) in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 10 replicates used for 120 days (30 days before and 90 days after parturition of ewes). Experimental treatments were containing the following: (1) control, (2) ewe receiving bolus containing iodine, (3) ewe receiving bolus containing iodine and selenium, and (4) ewe receiving bolus containing selenium. One month before the expected birth date, the pellets will be fed to each of the livestock by bolus gun. During the test period, ewes will not receive any other mineral supplements and will be kept in a group in a herd. Ewes were blood sampled at 10 days prepartum and 30 and 60 days postpartum. The results showed that body weight on birth and weaning of lambs and average daily gain of lambs were highest in bloused animals that were related to the slow-release selenium tablet lambs (P < 0.05). Lambs born to mothers receiving 0.3 mg day-1 of selenium per day had a keratin phosphokinase concentration of T4 concentration and T4 to T3 lower than that of zero selenium (P < 0.05). Daily gain, glutathione peroxidase activity, and T4 concentration at iodine 0.4 mg day-1 were significantly higher than iodine level (P < 0.05). The adding of slow- release pellets of iodine and selenium improved the immune system.


Assuntos
Iodo/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Iodo/sangue , Gravidez , Selênio/sangue , Carneiro Doméstico
4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 191(2): 389-402, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600505

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of organic, inorganic, and selenium nanoparticle supplements at the final stage of pregnancy on selenium, zinc, copper, and iron concentrations of goats and placental, colostrum, and milk transfer of these trace minerals from goats to their kids. Forty pregnant Khalkhali goats (30 ± 5 kg) were randomly allocated to four treatments including (1) no supplement (control), 0.6 mg Se head-1 day-1 of selenomethionine (SM), 0.6 mg Se head-1 day-1 of selenium nanoparticles (SN), and 0.6 mg Se head-1 day-1 of sodium selenite (SS), from 4 weeks before the expected day of delivery to delivery day. Blood samples were taken from the goats 4 weeks before the expected day of delivery and on the kidding day. Colostrum samples were collected from the goats immediately after kidding. Instantly after delivery, newborn kids were taken apart from their dams and their blood samples were collected from the jugular vein, before they drank their first colostrums and at 7, 14, 21, and 28 after birthday. The results demonstrated that the whole blood and serum Se concentration was greater in Se-supplemented goats compared with the control (P < 0.05). The total Se content of the whole blood and serum was higher in SN than in SM (P < 0.05) and SS goats (P < 0.05). At birth, the whole blood and serum concentration of Se was decreased (P < 0.05) in kids of SN-treated goats contrasted with the control ones (P < 0.05). The copper content of goats and their kids in treated goats was greater compared with control goats except for SN treated, which was decreased (P < 0.05). It was totally vice versa with Zn content trend in the whole blood, serum, and colostrum (P < 0.05), which was also concomitant with an increase in Fe content of kids of supplemented goats at birth and first week of life (P < 0.05). These results seem to indicate a higher efficacy of placental and colostral transfer of Se into kids of SM-treated goats when contrasted with either receiving comparable doses of SN or SS. It could be concluded that Se supplementation can affect and correlate with Cu, Zn, and Fe levels, and this effect depends a lot on the chemical or physical variety of Se supplementation.


Assuntos
Selênio/farmacologia , Selenometionina/farmacologia , Selenito de Sódio/farmacologia , Animais , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Cabras , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanopartículas/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , Tiorredoxina Redutase 1/metabolismo
5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(8): 3803-3810, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary fats, fed to ruminant animals, have been observed to improve reproductive function. Sunflower oil is one of the richest sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), over 60% of which is linoleic acid (C18:2). With regard to recommendations for increased consumption of PUFAs, special emphasis has been given to the importance of consuming more antioxidants to prevent lipid peroxide formation. This study evaluated the effects of dietary n-6 PUFAs and vitamin C (VC) in rams - in particular, on semen quality, blood metabolites, sperm lipids and overall fertility. RESULTS: Diets supplemented with SFO and VC increased the proportion of motile sperms and their progressive motility improved (P < 0.01). Rams fed a diet containing SFO had an increased proportion of sperms with normal acrosomes in their semen samples (P < 0.01). The highest levels of lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH) enzyme were found in control rams (2.60 U mL-1 ). Feeding SFO significantly affected blood triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations (P < 0.05). Diets containing SFO increased the proportion of C18:2c, C20:4, C20:3 and C22 in the sperm lipid composition (P < 0.05). Semen of SFO and VC-fed rams was more fertile than that of control rams when it was artificially inseminated to ewes. CONCLUSION: Feeding rams with supplemental SFO and VC increased semen quality and improved fertility rates. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-6/metabolismo , Sêmen/química , Ovinos/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/citologia , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Óleo de Girassol/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/química , Masculino , Sêmen/metabolismo , Análise do Sêmen
6.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 64(1): 47-51, 2018 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412793

RESUMO

Citrus Limon Oil (CLO) is known as antioxidant resource and contains limonoids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of CLO on blood parameters and antioxidant status in Afshari ewes. Six adults Afshari ewes (3-4 years old and 51±5 kg) were randomly allocated to 3×3 Latin square design with three diets in 21 days period. Dietary treatments included:1) control diet, 2) control diet with 200 mg/day CLO, and 3) control diet with 400 mg/day CLO. To evaluate the antioxidant effect of the CLO, sustainable elimination of free radicals by DPPH and ABTS methods were used. The antioxidant activity of essential oils in DPPH method at doses of 32.5, 45, 130, 260 and 520 mg/ml were 9, 16, 31, 49 and 89%, respectively. Also, antioxidant activity of essential oils in ABTS method at doses of 32.5, 45, 130, 260 and 520 mg/ml were 49, 73, 81, 89 and 95%, respectively. CLO treatments did not affect glucose, blood urea nitrogen, albumin, total protein, low density lipoprotein, while improved the concentration of high-density lipoprotein (P>0.01). Results showed that supplementation with CLO significantly decreased (P<0.01) cholesterol, triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein concentrations compared with control. There was no significant difference in analyzed blood bio-chemicals and serum enzymes level between different antioxidant activity methods and groups, suggesting general well-being of ewes. These results suggest that, CLO supplementation had a positive impact on blood traits and antioxidant status of the Afshari ewes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Citrus , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ovinos/sangue , Animais , Enzimas/sangue , Feminino , Lipídeos/sangue
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