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Nutrients ; 12(2)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023809

RESUMO

Vitamin D may play a role in performance and injury risk, yet the required supplementation dosage for collegiate athletes is unclear. The objective of this study was to define the dosage of vitamin D3 supplementation required to beneficially affect serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) among a sample of collegiate basketball athletes. This was a quasi-experimental trial, participants were allocated to one of three groups of vitamin D3 daily at the beginning of pre-season training and dependent upon their baseline vitamin D status as follows: insufficient (<75 nmol/L) to 10,000 IU, sufficient (75-125 nmol/L) to 5000 IU and optimal (>125 nmol/L) to no supplementation. Follow-up assessments were completed ~ 5 months later in post season. The majority (n = 13) were allocated to 10,000 IU vs. n = 5 to 5000 IU and n = 2 to no supplementation. The 10,000 IU group showed the greatest change (35.0 ± 27.0 nmol/L) vs. the 5000 IU group (-9.3 ± 9.6 nmol/L) and no supplementation group (-41.6 ± 11.7 nmol/L, p < 0.01). Only 1 participant reached optimal status in the 10,000 IU group. In conclusion, a daily dosage of 10,000 IU vitamin D3 supplementation mitigated the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among collegiate basketball players but was insufficient for all to reach sufficient levels.


Assuntos
Basquetebol/fisiologia , Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Deficiência de Vitamina D/terapia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Atletas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Prevalência , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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