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1.
Cureus ; 13(9): e17736, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659950

RESUMO

The term scleritis refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a chronic inflammatory response centered on the sclera and often involving adjacent structures such as the episclera, cornea, and uvea. It is an uncommon but severe, painful, and potentially blinding ocular disease and may occasionally result in perforation of the globe. Through a case report of severe scleritis that occurred after pterygium surgery, the authors expose diagnostic difficulties and emphasize the need for a meticulous diagnostic approach in such a condition.

2.
Cureus ; 13(8): e17588, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646641

RESUMO

Autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system characterized by positive GFAP autoantibody. The most common are encephalitis, meningoencephalitis or meningoencephalomyelitis. Antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) against GFAP are biomarkers and expressed in most cases with autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy. Diagnosis by biopsy is not common practice and has been rarely performed in the literature. This is the particularity of our reported case of autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy presented as opticopyramidal syndrome, all paraclinical investigations were normal, only the biopsy allowed the diagnosis.

3.
Cureus ; 13(8): e16857, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367838

RESUMO

Several neurological manifestations can occur in the acute phase or in post-infection severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In certain cases, they can even reveal the disease. Although some may be consequences of direct cellular viral invasion, many represent post-infectious inflammation mediated by autoimmune mechanisms. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman who was initially consulted for acute blindness without optic neuritis. Brain MRI revealed nonspecific demyelinating lesions without any radiological signs of optic neuritis. The patient underwent an exhaustive assessment and then the diagnosis of optic neuritis with a normal orbital MRI following a SARS-CoV-2 infection was reached.

7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 15: 15, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23898364

RESUMO

Ankyloblepharon is defined by partial or complete adhesion of the ciliary edges of superior and inferior eyelids. It is usually a sporadic isolated malformation in which the upper and lower lids are joined by tags. Although it is an uncommon and benign condition, its presence should alert the clinician to the possibility of other important disorders. We report a case of a new born who had a sporadic ankyloblepharon, treated one day after birth.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/patologia , Fissura Palatina/patologia , Anormalidades do Olho/patologia , Fenda Labial/terapia , Fissura Palatina/terapia , Anormalidades do Olho/terapia , Pálpebras/anormalidades , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
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