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1.
J Crohns Colitis ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The natural history of intestinal lesions in Crohn's disease [CD] is not fully understood. Although the extent of lesions at diagnosis usually defines the extent of the disease, some lesions seen at diagnosis, particularly aphthous ulcers [AUs], may resolve before follow-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of CD patients with colonic AUs seen at diagnosis. METHODS: CD patients with aphthous colitis at diagnosis who had been followed since 2001 were included in a case control study matched with two groups of controls: one without colonic involvement at diagnosis and a second group with colonic lesions more severe than AUs at diagnosis. RESULTS: Seventy-five patients were included, with a median follow-up of 7.3 years [interquartile range 2.7-9.8]. Seventy-one per cent of those having a second colonoscopy at least 6 months after diagnosis were stable or healed. Medical treatments were similar between the three groups. The AU group's rate of ileal surgery was similar to those without colitis. In multivariate analysis, the independent factors associated with ileal resection were ileal involvement (odds ratio [OR]: 8.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] [7.68-33.75]; p = 0.002) and the presence of severe colitis (OR = 0.5; 95% CI [0.32-0.79], p = 0.003). The risk of ileal surgery was not influenced by the presence of aphthous colitis (OR: 0.63; 95% CI [0.37-1.1]; p = 0.1). CONCLUSION: Aphthous colitis at diagnosis seems to resolve in most patients. This suggests that these lesions are of little clinical significance and may not need to be considered prior to ileal resection in CD or when making other important therapeutic decisions.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647994

RESUMO

The mechanisms leading to the low-grade inflammation observed during obesity are not fully understood. Seeking the initiating events, we tested the hypothesis that the intestine could be damaged by repeated lipid supply and therefore participate in inflammation. In mice, 1-5 palm oil gavages increased intestinal permeability via decreased expression and mislocalization of junctional proteins at the cell-cell contacts; altered the intestinal bacterial species by decreasing the abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila, segmented filamentous bacteria, and Clostridium leptum; and increased inflammatory cytokine expression. This was further studied in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2/TC7 cells using the two main components of palm oil, i.e., palmitic and oleic acid. Saturated palmitic acid impaired paracellular permeability and junctional protein localization, and induced inflammatory cytokine expression in the cells, but unsaturated oleic acid did not. Inhibiting de novo ceramide synthesis prevented part of these effects. Altogether, our data show that short exposure to palm oil or palmitic acid induces intestinal dysfunctions targeting barrier integrity and inflammation. Excessive palm oil consumption could be an early player in the gut alterations observed in metabolic diseases.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is a challenge to manage patients with ulcerative proctitis (UP) refractory to standard therapy. We investigated the effectiveness of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists in a large cohort of patients with refractory UP. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide retrospective cohort study of 104 consecutive patients with active UP refractory to conventional therapies, treated at 1 of 15 centers in France or 1 center in Belgium (the GETAID cohort). Patients received at least 1 injection of anti-TNF (infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab) from October 2006 through February 2017. Clinical response was defined as significant improvement in UC-related symptoms, and remission as complete disappearance of UC-related symptoms, each determined by treating physicians. We collected demographic, clinical, and treatment data. The median duration of follow-up was 24 months (interquartile range, 13-51 months). The primary outcome was clinical response of UP to anti-TNF treatment. RESULTS: Overall, 80 patients (77%) had a clinical response to anti-TNF therapy and 52 patients (50%) achieved clinical remission. Extra-intestinal manifestations (odds ratio OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.08-0.7), ongoing treatment with topical steroids (OR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.03-0.73), and ongoing treatment with topical 5-aminosalycilates (OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.07-0.62) were significantly associated with the absence of clinical remission. Sixty percent (38/63) of the patients who had endoscopic assessment during follow up had mucosal healing. Among the overall population (n = 104), the cumulative probabilities of sustained clinical remission were 87.6% ± 3.4% at 1 year and 74.7% ± 4.8% at 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: In a retrospective study of 104 patients with refractory UP, anti-TNF therapy induced clinical remission in 50% and mucosal healing in 60%. About two thirds of the patients were still receiving anti-TNF therapy at 2 years.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The degree of histologic and endoscopic disease activity has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), but no histologic scoring systems have been validated for determining risk of CRN. We investigated the association between histologic and endoscopic disease activity and risk of first CRN in patients with IBD who had negative findings from a surveillance colonoscopy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent at least 2 colonoscopies at Saint Antoine Hospital in France from January 1, 1996, through March 1, 2015, and whose first procedure was a surveillance colonoscopy. Histologic IBD activity was assessed by the Nancy histologic index. Patients were followed up for a mean 5.7 ± 3.3 years. Logistic regression and generalized estimating equations were used to identify clinical, endoscopic, and histologic factors associated with detection of neoplasia in the inflamed colon mucosa. RESULTS: Among 398 patients who underwent 1277 colonoscopies, we identified 45 patients with CRN. Factors associated with CRN were primary sclerosing cholangitis (odds ratio [OR], 2.65; 95% CI, 1.06-6.61; P = .04), age (OR per 1-year increase, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.07; P = .003), and mean Nancy histologic index during follow-up evaluation (per 1-unit increase, OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.29-2.21; P < .001). After adjustment for established factors, chronic disease activity defined as detection of ulcerations at more than 50% of colonoscopies was not associated with an increased risk of CRN (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.53-2.91; P = .62). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to established risk factors, we associated Nancy histologic index scores with development of CRN. Histologic findings based on the Nancy histologic index therefore should be included in determining the risk of colonic neoplasia in patients with IBD.

6.
Gut ; 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Following ileal resection for Crohn's disease (CD), recurrence is very frequent. Although several clinical risk factors of recurrence have been identified, predicting relapse remains challenging. Performing an ileocolonoscopy within the first year after surgery is currently recommended to assess endoscopic recurrence and to adjust the treatment. We took advantage of a large prospective multicentric cohort to investigate the role of the ileal mucosa-associated microbiota in postoperative endoscopic recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ileal mucosa-associated microbiota was analysed by 16S sequencing at the time of surgery and/or of endoscopic evaluation in 201 patients (288 samples in total) prospectively recruited in France. RESULTS: Ileal mucosa-associated microbiota exhibits profound changes following surgery in CD. Compared with non-recurrence setting, endoscopic recurrence is associated with strong changes in ileal mucosa-associated microbiota that are highly reminiscent of those observed generally in ileal CD compared with healthy subjects with a reduction in alpha diversity, an increase in several members of the Proteobacteria phylum and a decrease in several members of the Lachnospiraceae and the Ruminococcaceae families within the Firmicutes phylum. At the time of surgery, we identified several bacterial taxa associated with endoscopic recurrence and that can better predict relapse than usual clinical risk factors. CONCLUSION: Surgery has an important impact on ileal mucosa-associated microbiota. Postoperative endoscopic recurrence is associated with changes in microbiota composition and alpha diversity. The gut microbiota has the potential to predict postoperative evolution and recurrence.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Different types of histologic lesions at the ileal margin, detected by histology, have been associated with increased rates of recurrence after ileocaecal surgery in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to characterize histologic features of the ileal margin and to evaluate their association with disease recurrence. METHODS: We collected histologic data from 211 patients with ileal or ileocolonic CD who underwent ileocolonic resections at hospitals in France from September 2010 through December 2016. Ileal margins were analyzed. Early endoscopic recurrence was defined by a Rutgeerts score of i2 or more, 6 months after surgery. We also collected data from 10 adults with healthy ileum who underwent ileocecal resection for colonic tumors (controls). Clinical relapse was defined by CD-related symptoms confirmed by imaging, endoscopy, therapy intensification, CD-related complication, or subsequent surgery. RESULTS: Six months after surgery, 49% of patients had endoscopic recurrence; 5 years after surgery, 57% of patients had clinical relapse. Ileal margins were macroscopically affected in 20.9% of patients. CD transmural lesions at the margin (defined by mucosal ulceration or cryptitis, submucosal fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate of the subserosa) were observed in 13.6% of patients. Endoscopic recurrence was observed in 75% of patients with CD transmural lesions vs 46% of patients without (P =.005). In multivariate analysis, CD transmural lesions at the margin were independently associated with early endoscopic recurrence (OR, 3.83; 95% CI, 1.47-11.05; P =.008) and clinical recurrence (OR 2.04; 95% CI, 1.09-3.99; P =.026). CONCLUSION: In patients with CD, transmural lesions at the ileal margin were associated with an increased risk of post-operative recurrence. Histologic features of the ileal margin should be included in making decisions about post-operative therapy.

8.
J Crohns Colitis ; 13(10): 1239-1247, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether vedolizumab may be effective as a treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis [PSC] in patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] remains controversial. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of consecutive patients with IBD and PSC, treated with vedolizumab for at least 30 weeks in 22 centres of GETAID from January 2015 to June 2016. The outcomes included a decrease in the serum alkaline phosphatase [ALP] concentration of at least 50% from baseline to Week 30 or 54, a change in any serum liver enzymes concentrations, and an assessment of the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab in IBD. RESULTS: Among 75 patients with active IBD and PSC treated with vedolizumab, 21 patients discontinued vedolizumab before Week 30 [due to lack of efficacy in 19 and malignancy in two patients]. In the remaining 54 patients, a decrease in the serum ALP concentration of at least 50% from baseline to Weeks 30 and 54 was observed in four [7%] and four [11%] patients, respectively. No significant change was observed in serum liver enzyme concentrations at week 30 or 54. After a median follow-up period of 19.4 [14.0-29.9] months, nine cases of digestive neoplasia [colorectal neoplasia in seven and cholangiocarcinoma in two] were reported. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with IBD and PSC, vedolizumab did not improve serum liver enzyme concentrations at week 30 or 54. Nine cases of digestive cancer occurred during the follow-up period, confirming the need for a tight surveillance programme in this population.

9.
PLoS Genet ; 15(3): e1008018, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849075

RESUMO

Several bacteria in the gut microbiota have been shown to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and dozens of IBD genetic variants have been identified in genome-wide association studies. However, the role of the microbiota in the etiology of IBD in terms of host genetic susceptibility remains unclear. Here, we studied the association between four major genetic variants associated with an increased risk of IBD and bacterial taxa in up to 633 IBD cases. We performed systematic screening for associations, identifying and replicating associations between NOD2 variants and two taxa: the Roseburia genus and the Faecalibacterium prausnitzii species. By exploring the overall association patterns between genes and bacteria, we found that IBD risk alleles were significantly enriched for associations concordant with bacteria-IBD associations. To understand the significance of this pattern in terms of the study design and known effects from the literature, we used counterfactual principles to assess the fitness of a few parsimonious gene-bacteria-IBD causal models. Our analyses showed evidence that the disease risk of these genetic variants were likely to be partially mediated by the microbiome. We confirmed these results in extensive simulation studies and sensitivity analyses using the association between NOD2 and F. prausnitzii as a case study.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia , Adulto , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/genética , Clostridiales/genética , Clostridiales/isolamento & purificação , Clostridiales/patogenicidade , Faecalibacterium prausnitzii/genética , Faecalibacterium prausnitzii/isolamento & purificação , Faecalibacterium prausnitzii/patogenicidade , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Genéticos , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Gut ; 68(11): 1961-1970, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792246

RESUMO

T cell clonal expansions are present in the inflamed mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and may be implicated in postoperative recurrence after ileocolonic resection. METHODS: T cell receptor (TCR) analysis was performed in 57 patients included in a prospective multicentre cohort. Endoscopic recurrence was defined by a Rutgeerts score >i0. DNA and mRNA were extracted from biopsies collected from the surgical specimen and endoscopy, and analysed by high throughput sequencing and microarray, respectively. RESULTS: TCR repertoire in the mucosa of patients with CD displayed diverse clonal expansions. Active smokers at time of surgery had a significantly increased proportion of clonal expansions as compared with non-smokers (25.9%vs17.9%, p=0.02). The percentage of high frequency clones in the surgical specimen was significantly higher in patients with recurrence and correlated with postoperative endoscopic recurrence (area under the curve (AUC) 0.69, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.83). All patients with clonality above 26.8% (18/57) had an endoscopic recurrence. These patients with a high clonality were more frequently smokers than patients with a low clonality (61% vs 23%, p=0.005). The persistence of a similar TCR repertoire at postoperative endoscopy was associated with smoking and disease recurrence. Patients with high clonality showed increased expression of genes associated with CD8 T cells and reduced expression of inflammation-related genes. Expanded clones were found predominantly in the CD8 T cell compartment. CONCLUSION: Clonal T cell expansions are implicated in postoperative endoscopic recurrence. CD patients with increased proportion of clonal T cell expansions in the ileal mucosa represent a subgroup associated with smoking and where pathogenesis appears as T cell driven. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03458195.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Ileíte/etiologia , Ileíte/cirurgia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Fumar , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ileíte/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
JAMA ; 321(8): 773-785, 2019 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806694

RESUMO

Importance: Use of thiopurines may be limited by myelosuppression. TPMT pharmacogenetic testing identifies only 25% of at-risk patients of European ancestry. Among patients of East Asian ancestry, NUDT15 variants are associated with thiopurine-induced myelosuppression (TIM). Objective: To identify genetic variants associated with TIM among patients of European ancestry with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Design, Setting, and Participants: Case-control study of 491 patients affected by TIM and 679 thiopurine-tolerant unaffected patients who were recruited from 89 international sites between March 2012 and November 2015. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and exome-wide association studies (EWAS) were conducted in patients of European ancestry. The replication cohort comprised 73 patients affected by TIM and 840 thiopurine-tolerant unaffected patients. Exposures: Genetic variants associated with TIM. Main Outcomes and Measures: Thiopurine-induced myelosuppression, defined as a decline in absolute white blood cell count to 2.5 × 109/L or less or a decline in absolute neutrophil cell count to 1.0 × 109/L or less leading to a dose reduction or drug withdrawal. Results: Among 1077 patients (398 affected and 679 unaffected; median age at IBD diagnosis, 31.0 years [interquartile range, 21.2 to 44.1 years]; 540 [50%] women; 602 [56%] diagnosed as having Crohn disease), 919 (311 affected and 608 unaffected) were included in the GWAS analysis and 961 (328 affected and 633 unaffected) in the EWAS analysis. The GWAS analysis confirmed association of TPMT (chromosome 6, rs11969064) with TIM (30.5% [95/311] affected vs 16.4% [100/608] unaffected patients; odds ratio [OR], 2.3 [95% CI, 1.7 to 3.1], P = 5.2 × 10-9). The EWAS analysis demonstrated an association with an in-frame deletion in NUDT15 (chromosome 13, rs746071566) and TIM (5.8% [19/328] affected vs 0.2% [1/633] unaffected patients; OR, 38.2 [95% CI, 5.1 to 286.1], P = 1.3 × 10-8), which was replicated in a different cohort (2.7% [2/73] affected vs 0.2% [2/840] unaffected patients; OR, 11.8 [95% CI, 1.6 to 85.0], P = .03). Carriage of any of 3 coding NUDT15 variants was associated with an increased risk (OR, 27.3 [95% CI, 9.3 to 116.7], P = 1.1 × 10-7) of TIM, independent of TPMT genotype and thiopurine dose. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients of European ancestry with IBD, variants in NUDT15 were associated with increased risk of TIM. These findings suggest that NUDT15 genotyping may be considered prior to initiation of thiopurine therapy; however, further study including additional validation in independent cohorts is required.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Doença de Crohn/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Pirofosfatases/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Exoma , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Haplótipos , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/uso terapêutico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) prevent autoimmunity and control inflammation. Consequently, any autoimmune or inflammatory disease reveals a Treg insufficiency. As low-dose interleukin-2 (ld-IL2) expands and activates Tregs, it has a broad therapeutic potential. AIM: We aimed to assess this potential and select diseases for further clinical development by cross-investigating the effects of ld-IL2 in a single clinical trial treating patients with 1 of 11 autoimmune diseases. METHODS: We performed a prospective, open-label, phase I-IIa study in 46 patients with a mild to moderate form of either rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, Behcet's disease, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Takayasu's disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, autoimmune hepatitis and sclerosing cholangitis. They all received ld-IL2 (1 million IU/day) for 5 days, followed by fortnightly injections for 6 months. Patients were evaluated by deep immunomonitoring and clinical evaluation. RESULTS: ld-IL2 was well tolerated whatever the disease and the concomitant treatments. Thorough supervised and unsupervised immunomonitoring demonstrated specific Treg expansion and activation in all patients, without effector T cell activation. Indication of potential clinical efficacy was observed. CONCLUSION: The dose of IL-2 and treatment scheme used selectively activate and expand Tregs and are safe across different diseases and concomitant treatments. This and preliminary indications of clinical efficacy should licence the launch of phase II efficacy trial of ld-IL2 in various autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01988506.

13.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30457024

RESUMO

We report the 11 cases of +8-MDS/MPN associated with Behcet's-like syndrome and compare them with Behcet's disease and Crohn's disease, pool with literature cases for analysis. Data for patients with +8-MDS/MPN and Behçet's-like syndrome were collected from MINHEMON. Eleven patients had Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN (median age 75 years [IQR 65-87]; M/F ratio 0.8). MDS and Behcet's-like syndrome were diagnosed at the same time (7/11, 64%). By comparison with 63 patients with idiopathic Behcet's disease without associated MDS, those with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN were older (median 75 vs 48 years; p = .0003) and had less pseudofolliculitis (11% vs 62%; p = .0045) and ocular impairment (0% vs 52%; p = .0008), but more frequent gastrointestinal involvement (60% vs 13%; p = .0005). By comparison with Crohn's disease, 39 patients with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN were significantly older (median 72 [53-78] vs 36 [27-45] years; p = .0002) and more frequently had oral aphtosis (97% vs 5%, p < .0001), skin features (50% vs 10%, p = .0005) and arthralgia (63% vs 20%, p = .03). Median survival did not differ between patients with Behcet's-like syndrome and +8-MDS/MPN and those with +8-MDS/MPN (n = 103) (47 vs 34 months, p = .61). AML-free survival did not differ between patients with MDS/MPN with and without Behcet's-like syndrome (p = .29). MDS/MPN with trisomy 8 can be associated with particular phenotype of ulcerative digestive disease resembling Behcet's or Crohn's disease and should be considered a single disease.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298122

RESUMO

Yersinia are common contaminants of food products, but their prevalence in the human gut is poorly documented. Yersinia have been implicated in Crohn's Disease (CD, an inflammatory bowel disease) however their role in CD is controversial. We performed highly sensitive PCR assays of specific sequences for the gyrB gene of Y. aldovae, Y. bercovieri, Y. enterocolitica, Y. intermedia, Y. mollaretii and the inv gene of Y. pseudotuberculosis. We analyzed a total of 470 ileal samples taken from 338 participants (262 CD patients and 76 controls) belonging to three independent cohorts. All patients and controls were phenotyped and genotyped for the main CD susceptibility variants: NOD2, ATG16L1, and IRGM. Yersinia were found in 7.7% of ileal samples (respectively 7.9 and 7.6% in controls and CD patients) corresponding to 10% of participants (respectively 11.8 and 9.5% in controls and CD patients). Y. enterocolitica, Y. pseudotuberculosis and Y. intermedia were the most frequently identified species. The bacteria were more frequent in resected specimens, lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. Yersinia were no more likely to be detected in CD tissues than tissues from inflammatory and non-inflammatory controls. CD patients treated with immunosuppressants were less likely to be Yersinia carriers. In conclusion, this work shows that Yersinia species are frequently found at low levels in the human ileum in health and disease. The role of Yersinia species in this ecosystem should now be explored.

17.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 48(8): 831-838, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genital fistulas represent a devastating complication of Crohn's disease. Only studies with small sample sizes have evaluated the efficacy of anti-TNF therapy for this complication. AIMS: To assess the efficacy of anti-TNF therapy for genital fistulas complicating Crohn's disease and to identify predictive factors associated with clinical response at 1 year. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated with anti-TNF therapy for genital fistulas complicating Crohn's disease from 1999 to 2016 in 19 French centres from the Groupe d'Etude Thérapeutique des Affections Inflammatoires du tube Digestif were included in a retrospective cohort study. Outcome was clinical fistula closure at 1 year. RESULTS: Among the 204 women with genital fistulas who received anti-TNF therapy, 131 were analysed. The first anti-TNF given was infliximab (79%), adalimumab (20%), or certolizumab (1%). At start of anti-TNF therapy, 56% of patients had seton drainage and 53% had concomitant immunosuppressive treatment. A complementary surgery was performed during the first year in 10 patients (8%). At 1 year, 37% of patients had complete clinical fistula closure, 22% had a partial response, and 41% had no response. Among patients without complementary surgery, 34% (41/121) had complete clinical fistula closure. Only complementary surgery was associated with better response on multivariate analysis (adjusted relative risk: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.25-3.26, P = 0.0043). CONCLUSIONS: In the anti-TNF era, approximately one-third of patients with genital fistula in Crohn's disease had complete fistula closure at 1 year. Collaboration between surgeons and gastroenterologists appears to be very important to improve the rate of fistula closure.

18.
BMJ Open ; 8(8): e021037, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30166293

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) represent a socioeconomic burden as the second cause of chronic illness in Western countries. In this context, the TRANSIMMUNOM clinical protocol is designed to revisit the nosology of AIDs by combining basic, clinical and information sciences. Based on classical and systems biology analyses, it aims to uncover important phenotypes that cut across diagnostic groups so as to discover biomarkers and identify novel therapeutic targets. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: TRANSIMMUNOM is an observational clinical protocol that aims to cross-phenotype a set of 19 AIDs, six related control diseases and healthy volunteers . We assembled a multidisciplinary cohort management team tasked with (1) selecting informative biological (routine and omics type) and clinical parameters to be captured, (2) standardising the sample collection and shipment circuit, (3) selecting omics technologies and benchmarking omics data providers, (4) designing and implementing a multidisease electronic case report form and an omics database and (5) implementing supervised and unsupervised data analyses. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the institutional review board of Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (ethics committee Ile-De-France 48-15) and done in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and good clinical practice. Written informed consent is obtained from all participants before enrolment in the study. TRANSIMMUNOM's project website provides information about the protocol (https://www.transimmunom.fr/en/) including experimental set-up and tool developments. Results will be disseminated during annual scientific committees appraising the project progresses and at national and international scientific conferences. DISCUSSION: Systems biology approaches are increasingly implemented in human pathophysiology research. The TRANSIMMUNOM study applies such approach to the pathophysiology of AIDs. We believe that this translational systems immunology approach has the potential to provide breakthrough discoveries for better understanding and treatment of AIDs. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02466217; Pre-results.

19.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0201991, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the impact of established cardiovascular risk factors and disease-related factors on the risk of acute arterial events is still unclear. We aimed to identify risk factors of acute arterial events in patients with IBD. METHODS: All consecutive patients followed at Saint-Antoine Hospital between 1996 and 2015 with subsequent occurrence of acute arterial events (acute coronary syndrome or ischemic stroke) were identified. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors, treatment exposure, systemic inflammation (mean serum CRP level greater than or equal to 5 mg/L) and IBD clinical activity were assessed. A nested case-control study was performed including cases and controls without arterial ischemic event, matched on age, gender, and disease extent. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients (median age at acute vascular event occurrence: 42 years (interquartile range: 25-59)) developed acute coronary syndrome (n = 22) or ischemic stroke (n = 8). In univariate analysis, clinical disease activity and the persistence of systemic inflammation, diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension were significantly associated with an increased risk of acute arterial events. Neither protective nor aggravating effects associated with treatment exposure were identified. In multivariate analysis, the presence of diabetes (Odds ratio (OR): 14.5, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-184.7) and clinical disease activity (OR: 10.4, 95% CI: 2.1-49.9) remained significantly associated with the risk of acute arterial event. CONCLUSION: Disease activity may have an independent impact on the risk of acute arterial events in patients with IBD. These findings may highlight new potential benefits of optimizing anti-inflammatory treatment in patients with persisting clinical activity.

20.
J Lipid Res ; 59(11): 2202-2213, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206181

RESUMO

Bile acid (BA) secretion and circulation in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) were investigated by simultaneously measuring postprandial levels of individual BAs in duodenal contents and blood plasma using LC-MS/MS. CP patients and healthy volunteers (HVs) were intubated with gastric and duodenal tubes prior to the administration of a test meal and continuous aspiration of duodenal contents. Pancreatic lipase outputs in CP patients were very low (0.7 ± 0.2 mg) versus HVs (116.7 ± 68.1 mg; P < 0.005), thus confirming the severity of EPI. Duodenal BA outputs were reduced in CP patients (1.00 ± 0.89 mmol; 0.47 ± 0.42 g) versus HVs (5.52 ± 4.53 mmol; 2.62 ± 2.14 g; P < 0.15). Primary to secondary BA ratio was considerably higher in CP patients (38.09 ± 48.1) than HVs (4.15 ± 2.37; P < 0.15), indicating an impaired transformation of BAs by gut microbiota. BA concentrations were found below the critical micellar concentration in CP patients, while a high BA concentration peak corresponding to gallbladder emptying was evidenced in HVs. Conversely, BA plasma concentration was increased in CP patients versus HVs suggesting a cholangiohepatic shunt of BA secretion. Alterations of BA circulation and levels may result from the main biliary duct stenosis observed in these CP patients and may aggravate the consequences of EPI on lipid malabsorption.

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