Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 35
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Evol Biol ; 34(11): 1737-1751, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538008

RESUMO

Hybridization and introgression are processes that contribute to shaping biological diversity. The factors promoting the formation of these processes are multiples but poorly explored in a biogeographical and ecological context. In the southeast coastal plain of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a hybrid zone was described between two closely related cactophilic species, Drosophila antonietae and D. serido. Here, we revisited and analysed specimens from this hybrid zone to evaluate its temporal and spatial dynamic. We examined allopatric and sympatric populations of the flies using independent sources of data such as mitochondrial and nuclear sequences, microsatellite loci, morphometrics of wings and male genitalia, and climatic niche models. We also verified the emergence of the flies from necrotic tissues of collected cacti to verify the role of host association for the population dynamics. Our results support the existence of a hybrid zone due to secondary contact and limited to the localities where the two species are currently in contact. Furthermore, we detected asymmetric bidirectional introgression and the maintenance of the species integrity, ecological association and morphological characters, suggesting selection and limited introgression. Considering our paleomodels, probably this hybrid zone is recent and the contact occurred during the Holocene to the present day, favoured by range expansion of their populations due to expansion of open and dry areas in eastern South America during palaeoclimatic and geomorphological events.


Assuntos
Drosophila , Hibridização Genética , Animais , Drosophila/genética , Florestas , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , América do Sul
2.
Clín. int. j. braz. dent ; 10(2): 182-192, abr. -jun. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-724750

RESUMO

O escurecimento dental é problema comum e que requer um planejamento completo para execução correta do tratamento. A associação de técnicas de clareamento e facetas estéticas com resina composta tem sido o tratamento de eleição para se solucionarem tais casos de maneira conservadora, principalmente em dentes isolados. O correto planejamento cromático e restaurador de cada caso, associado ao conhecimento da técnica e do sistema restaurador a ser utilizado, é o grande fator responsável por um resultado final de excelência


Dark teeth are a very common problem and require complete planning for a correct treatment execution. The association of tooth whitening and composite veneer techniques has been the treatment selected to solve this problem as a conservative and effective way, principally for isolated teeth. The correct shade and restorative planning associated with the knowledge of the technique and the restorative system to be utilized are the great factors responsible for a final result of excellence


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Resinas Compostas , Facetas Dentárias , Clareamento Dental
3.
Clín. int. j. braz. dent ; 9(4): 456-467, out.-dez. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-786189

RESUMO

Restaurar dentes anteriores tratados endodonticamente com alteração de cor e forma implica não apenas devolver a estética perdida, mas recuperar a resistência mecânica dos elementos. Neste artigo, relata-se e discute-se um caso clínico integrando-se técnicas de clareamento, colocação de pino de fibra de vidro e restauração com resinas composta nos incisivos centrais superiores, procedimentos que devolveram a estética e a resistência dos dentes tratados.


Restoring properly anterior teeth with shade and form changes involves not only the restoration of the esthetics, but restablishing function as well. This case report presents the association of tooth bleaching, fiber post and composite resin restoration techniques to recover the esthetics and function of anterior teeth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Resinas Compostas , Pinos Dentários , Estética Dentária , Clareamento Dental , Dente não Vital
4.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 5: 33-42, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23750102

RESUMO

Restoring posterior teeth with resin-based composite materials continues to gain popularity among clinicians, and the demand for such aesthetic restorations is increasing. Indeed, the most common aesthetic alternative to dental amalgam is resin composite. Moderate to large posterior composite restorations, however, have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries, and increased frequency of replacement. Investigators across the globe are researching new materials and techniques that will improve the clinical performance, handling characteristics, and mechanical and physical properties of composite resin restorative materials. Despite such attention, large to moderate posterior composite restorations continue to have a clinical lifetime that is approximately one-half that of the dental amalgam. While there are numerous recommendations regarding preparation design, restoration placement, and polymerization technique, current research indicates that restoration longevity depends on several variables that may be difficult for the dentist to control. These variables include the patient's caries risk, tooth position, patient habits, number of restored surfaces, the quality of the tooth-restoration bond, and the ability of the restorative material to produce a sealed tooth-restoration interface. Although clinicians tend to focus on tooth form when evaluating the success and failure of posterior composite restorations, the emphasis must remain on advancing our understanding of the clinical variables that impact the formation of a durable seal at the restoration-tooth interface. This paper presents an update of existing technology and underscores the mechanisms that negatively impact the durability of posterior composite restorations in permanent teeth.

5.
Braz Dent Sci ; 15(1): 4-18, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24855586

RESUMO

Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries and increased frequency of replacement as compared to dental amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and failure. The gingival margin of composite restora tions is particularly vulnerable to decay and at this margin, the adhesive and its seal to dentin provides the primary barrier between the prepared tooth and the environment. The intent of this article is to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.

6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 15(1): 4-18, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-728072

RESUMO

Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries and increased frequency of replacement as compared to dental amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and failure. The gingival margin of composite restora tions is particularly vulnerable to decay and at this margin, the adhesive and its seal to dentin provides the primary barrier between the prepared tooth and the environment. The intent of this article is to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.


Restaurações em resina composta apresentam elevada taxa de falhas, recorrência de cárie e maior necessidade de troca quando comparadas às restaurações em amálgama. A penetração de enzimas bacterianas, fluidos orais e da própria bactéria nas fendas existentes entre o dente e o compósito, enfraquecem a restauração e levam à recorrência de cárie e falhas. A margem gengival das restaurações em resina composta é particularmente vulnerável à cárie e, nesta margem, o adesivo e o selamento dentinário funcionam como a primeira bareira entre o dente preparado e o ambiente oral. O objetivo deste artigo de revisão é examinar os fatores físico-químicos que afetam a integridade e a durabilidade da interface de adesão adesivo/dentina e explorar como esses fatores agem sinergicamente para minar a restauração de resina composta. A revisão irá examinar as diversas possibilidades para solucionar esses problemas, bem como explorar como alterações na química dos materiais poderiam solucionar o impacto negativo do estresse físico-químico na interface adesiva com a dentina.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários
7.
BMC Evol Biol ; 11: 179, 2011 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21699713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We characterized variation and chemical composition of epicuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in the seven species of the Drosophila buzzatii cluster with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Despite the critical role of CHCs in providing resistance to desiccation and involvement in communication, such as courtship behavior, mating, and aggregation, few studies have investigated how CHC profiles evolve within and between species in a phylogenetic context. We analyzed quantitative differences in CHC profiles in populations of the D. buzzatii species cluster in order to assess the concordance of CHC differentiation with species divergence. RESULTS: Thirty-six CHC components were scored in single fly extracts with carbon chain lengths ranging from C29 to C39, including methyl-branched alkanes, n-alkenes, and alkadienes. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that CHC amounts were significantly different among all species and canonical discriminant function (CDF) analysis resolved all species into distinct, non-overlapping groups. Significant intraspecific variation was found in different populations of D. serido suggesting that this taxon is comprised of at least two species. We summarized CHC variation using CDF analysis and mapped the first five CHC canonical variates (CVs) onto an independently derived period (per) gene + chromosome inversion + mtDNA COI gene for each sex. We found that the COI sequences were not phylogenetically informative due to introgression between some species, so only per + inversion data were used. Positive phylogenetic signal was observed mainly for CV1 when parsimony methods and the test for serial independence (TFSI) were used. These results changed when no outgroup species were included in the analysis and phylogenetic signal was then observed for female CV3 and/or CV4 and male CV4 and CV5. Finally, removal of divergent populations of D. serido significantly increased the amount of phylogenetic signal as up to four out of five CVs then displayed positive phylogenetic signal. CONCLUSIONS: CHCs were conserved among species while quantitative differences in CHC profiles between populations and species were statistically significant. Most CHCs were species-, population-, and sex-specific. Mapping CHCs onto an independently derived phylogeny revealed that a significant portion of CHC variation was explained by species' systematic affinities indicating phylogenetic conservatism in the evolution of these hydrocarbon arrays, presumptive waterproofing compounds and courtship signals as in many other drosophilid species.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto/química , Drosophila/química , Drosophila/classificação , Hidrocarbonetos/química , Filogenia , Exoesqueleto/metabolismo , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Drosophila/genética , Drosophila/metabolismo , Feminino , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Especificidade da Espécie
8.
J Hered ; 101(5): 650-6, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20497968

RESUMO

Drosophila antonietae is a cactophilic species that is found in the mesophilic forest of the Paraná-Paraguay river basin and in the dunes of the South Atlantic coast of Brazil. Although the genetic structure of the Paraná-Paraguay river basin populations has already been established, the relationship between these populations and those on the Atlantic coast is controversial. In this study, we compared 33 repetitive units of pBuM-2 satellite DNA isolated from individuals from 8 populations of D. antonietae in these geographic regions, including some populations found within a contact zone with the closely related D. serido. The pBuM-2 sequences showed low interpopulational variability. This result was interpreted as a consequence of both gene flow among the populations and unequal crossing over promoting homogenization of the tandem arrays. The results presented here, together with those of previous studies, highlight the use of pBuM-2 for solving taxonomic conflicts within the D. buzzatii species cluster.


Assuntos
DNA Satélite/genética , Drosophila/genética , Evolução Molecular , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Especificidade da Espécie
9.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 38(6): 1989-2003, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20195761

RESUMO

Results from clinical studies suggest that more than half of the 166 million dental restorations that were placed in the United States in 2005 were replacements for failed restorations. This emphasis on replacement therapy is expected to grow as dentists use composite as opposed to dental amalgam to restore moderate to large posterior lesions. Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries, and increased frequency of replacement as compared to amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and premature failure. Under in vivo conditions the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface can be the first defense against these noxious, damaging substances. The intent of this article is to review structural aspects of the clinical substrate that impact bond formation at the adhesive/dentin interface; to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina/química , Adesividade , Animais , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
10.
Clín. int. j. braz. dent ; 5(4): 416-423, out.-dez. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-716576

RESUMO

Fraturas nos dentes anteriores são comuns, e a região ântero-superior exerce papel fundamental na estética dos dentes. Novas alternativas e soluções têm sido proporcionadas pela odontologia estética para obter-se o sorriso adequado. Quando se resgata o fragmento dentário, a colagem está indicada, mas nem sempre isso ocorre, bem como o fragmento pode não se encontrar em bom estado para colagem. Quando não for possível colar o fragmento dental, o profissional deve optar pela técnica restauradora direta com resina composta, a fim de preservar ao máximo usa a estrutura dentária.


Fractured anterior teeth are commonly observed and represent a challenge in operative dentistry. Novel techniques and materials are introduced to restore esthetics and function. Bonding of tooth fragment is indicated when it is available. However, when it is not possible or when it is not suitable for bonding, direct composite resins are the treatment of choice to achieve esthetics and preserve healthy tooth structure.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Resinas Compostas , Estética Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes
11.
Neotrop Entomol ; 37(5): 558-63, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19061041

RESUMO

Drosophila serido Vilela & Sene is a polytypic and cactophilic species with broad geographic distribution in Brazil. The morphology of the aedeagi of eight natural populations of D. serido was analyzed. Based on features of their aedeagi, populations of D. serido were discriminated with an efficiency of nearly 75%. The analysis using the Mantel test suggests that the morphological divergence of D. serido is correlated with the geographic distance among populations. There is no single cause to explain the observed pattern; therefore, the results were discussed considering the three main hypotheses to explain the aedeagus evolution: lock and key, pleiotropy and sexual selection. Alternatively, the aedeagus variability of D. serido might be related to environmental causes, such as temperature and/or host cacti.


Assuntos
Drosophila/genética , Animais , Variação Genética , Fenótipo
12.
Neotrop. entomol ; 37(5): 558-563, Sept.-Oct. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-498326

RESUMO

Drosophila serido Vilela & Sene é uma espécie cactofílica e politípica, com ampla distribuição geográfica no Brasil. A morfologia do edeago de indivíduos provenientes de oito populações naturais de D. serido foi avaliada. De acordo com as características dos seus edeagos, as populações de D. serido foram discriminadas com eficiência de aproximadamente 75 por cento. O resultado do teste de Mantel sugere que a divergência morfológica de D. serido é correlacionada com a distância geográfica das populações. A explicação para o padrão observado não é única. Por esta razão, os resultados foram discutidos considerando-se as três principais hipóteses para explicar a evolução do edeago: chave-fechadura, pleiotropia e seleção sexual. Alternativamente, a variabilidade encontrada nos edeagos de D. serido poderia estar relacionada a fatores ambientais, tais como temperatura e/ou cacto hospedeiro.


Drosophila serido Vilela & Sene is a polytypic and cactophilic species with broad geographic distribution in Brazil. The morphology of the aedeagi of eight natural populations of D. serido was analyzed. Based on features of their aedeagi, populations of D. serido were discriminated with an efficiency of nearly 75 percent. The analysis using the Mantel test suggests that the morphological divergence of D. serido is correlated with the geographic distance among populations. There is no single cause to explain the observed pattern; therefore, the results were discussed considering the three main hypotheses to explain the aedeagus evolution: lock and key, pleiotropy and sexual selection. Alternatively, the aedeagus variability of D. serido might be related to environmental causes, such as temperature and/or host cacti.


Assuntos
Animais , Drosophila/genética , Variação Genética , Fenótipo
13.
Chromosome Res ; 16(2): 307-24, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18266060

RESUMO

We aimed to study patterns of variation and factors influencing the evolutionary dynamics of a satellite DNA, pBuM, in all seven Drosophila species from the buzzatii cluster (repleta group). We analyzed 117 alpha pBuM-1 (monomer length 190 bp) and 119 composite alpha/beta (370 bp) pBuM-2 repeats and determined the chromosome location and long-range organization on DNA fibers of major sequence variants. Such combined methodologies in the study of satDNAs have been used in very few organisms. In most species, concerted evolution is linked to high copy number of pBuM repeats. Species presenting low-abundance and scattered distributed pBuM repeats did not undergo concerted evolution and maintained part of the ancestral inter-repeat variability. The alpha and alpha/beta repeats colocalized in heterochromatic regions and were distributed on multiple chromosomes, with notable differences between species. High-resolution FISH revealed array sizes of a few kilobases to over 0.7 Mb and mutual arrangements of alpha and alpha/beta repeats along the same DNA fibers, but with considerable changes in the amount of each variant across species. From sequence, chromosomal and phylogenetic data, we could infer that homogenization and amplification events involved both new and ancestral pBuM variants. Altogether, the data on the structure and organization of the pBuM satDNA give insights into genome evolution including mechanisms that contribute to concerted evolution and diversification.


Assuntos
Cromossomos/química , DNA Satélite , Drosophila/genética , Genes de Insetos , Variação Genética , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos/metabolismo , DNA , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie
14.
Genet. mol. biol ; 31(1): 155-159, 2008. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-476166

RESUMO

We characterized sequences of a novel SSS139 RsaI satellite DNA family in Drosophila gouveai and Drosophila seriema, two members of the Drosophila buzzatii cluster (D. repleta group). The sequences were AT-rich (69 percent) with a monomer unit length of about 139 bp and contained two direct subrepeats of 14 bp and 16 bp, suggesting that it might have originated by the duplication of smaller sequences. Southern and dot-blot hybridization analyses also detected SSS139 in other Drosophila buzzatii cluster species (D. koepferae, D. antonietae, D. borborema and D. serido) but not in D. buzzatii. These results agree with the marginal phylogenetic position of D. buzzatii within the D. buzzatii cluster.


Assuntos
Animais , Drosophila/genética , Evolução Molecular , Sequência de Bases , DNA Satélite , Filogenia
15.
Braz Dent J ; 18(2): 134-8, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17982553

RESUMO

This study evaluated, in vitro, the loss of tooth substance after cavity preparation for direct and indirect restorations and its relationship with fracture strength of the prepared teeth. Sixty sound human maxillary first premolars were assigned to 6 groups (n=10). MOD direct composite cavities (Groups I, II and III) and indirect inlay cavities (Groups IV, V and VI) were prepared maintaining standardized dimensions: 2-mm deep pulpal floors, 1.5-mm wide gingival walls and 2-mm high axial walls. Buccolingual width of the occlusal box was established at 1/4 (Groups I and IV), 1/3 (Groups II and V) or 1/2 (Groups III and VI) of the intercuspal distance. Teeth were weighed (digital balance accurate to 0.001 g) before and after preparation to record tooth substance mass lost during cavity preparation. The prepared teeth were submitted to occlusal loading to determine their fracture strength using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (alpha= 0.05). 1/4-inlay cavities had higher percent mean mass loss (9.71%) than composite resin cavities with the same width (7.07%). 1/3-inlay preparations also produced higher percent mean mass loss (13.91%) than composite resin preparations with the same width (10.02%). 1/2-inlay cavities had 21.34% of mass loss versus 16.19% for the 1/2-composite resin cavities. Fracture strength means (in kgf) were: GI = 187.65; GII = 143.62; GIII = 74.10; GIV = 164.22; GV = 101.92; GVI = 50.35. Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) were observed between Groups I and IV, II and V, III and VI. Higher tooth structure loss and lower fracture strength were recorded after preparation of inlay cavities, regardless of the width of the occlusal box, compared to the direct composite resin cavities.


Assuntos
Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/classificação , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/instrumentação , Materiais Dentários/química , Porcelana Dentária/química , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/classificação , Humanos , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Teste de Materiais , Tamanho do Órgão , Estresse Mecânico , Coroa do Dente/patologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/fisiopatologia
16.
Chromosome Res ; 15(4): 457-69, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17551842

RESUMO

A satellite DNA family, termed DBC-150, comprises slightly GC-rich repeat units of approximately 150 bp that were isolated (by DNA digestions or PCR) from the genome of all seven Drosophila species from the buzzatii cluster (repleta group). The presence of subrepeats suggests that part of the extant DBC-150 monomer originated by the duplication of small sequence motifs. The DBC-150 family is compared to the previously described pBuM satDNA family, an abundant component of the genome of five species of the cluster. The two families are different in several aspects, including primary structure, A + T content, intraspecific and interspecific variability and rates of homogenization (or nucleotide spread). The data indicate a lower rate of homogenization (and absence of complete concerted evolution) of the DBC-150 compared to the pBuM family. FISH on metaphase chromosomes revealed that the DBC-150 family is located exclusively in the microchromosomes. To our knowledge this is the first record of a complex Drosophila satDNA restricted to a single pair of microchromosomes. The observed low rates of homogenization of the DBC-150 family might be related to a presumed reduction or suppression of meiotic recombination in the microchromosomes.


Assuntos
Cromossomos/genética , DNA Satélite/classificação , DNA Satélite/genética , Drosophila/classificação , Drosophila/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Evolução Molecular , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 18(2): 134-138, 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-466506

RESUMO

This study evaluated, in vitro, the loss of tooth substance after cavity preparation for direct and indirect restorations and its relationship with fracture strength of the prepared teeth. Sixty sound human maxillary first premolars were assigned to 6 groups (n=10). MOD direct composite cavities (Groups I, II and III) and indirect inlay cavities (Groups IV, V and VI) were prepared maintaining standardized dimensions: 2-mm deep pulpal floors, 1.5-mm wide gingival walls and 2-mm high axial walls. Buccolingual width of the occlusal box was established at 1/4 (Groups I and IV), 1/3 (Groups II and V) or 1/2 (Groups III and VI) of the intercuspal distance. Teeth were weighed (digital balance accurate to 0.001 g) before and after preparation to record tooth substance mass lost during cavity preparation. The prepared teeth were submitted to occlusal loading to determine their fracture strength using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (alpha= 0.05). 1/4-inlay cavities had higher percent mean mass loss (9.71 percent) than composite resin cavities with the same width (7.07 percent). 1/3-inlay preparations also produced higher percent mean mass loss (13.91 percent) than composite resin preparations with the same width (10.02 percent). 1/2-inlay cavities had 21.34 percent of mass loss versus 16.19 percent for the 1/2-composite resin cavities. Fracture strength means (in kgf) were: GI = 187.65; GII = 143.62; GIII = 74.10; GIV = 164.22; GV = 101.92; GVI = 50.35. Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) were observed between Groups I and IV, II and V, III and VI. Higher tooth structure loss and lower fracture strength were recorded after preparation of inlay cavities, regardless of the width of the occlusal box, compared to the direct composite resin cavities.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar, in vitro, a perda de estrutura dentária após o preparo cavitário para restaurações diretas e indiretas e sua relação com a resistência à fratura do dente. 60 pré-molares superiores humanos foram divididos em 6 grupos (n=10). Cavidades MOD para resina composta direta (Grupos I, II e III) e cavidades "inlay" (Grupos IV, V e VI) foram preparadas mantendo dimensões padronizadas. A extensão vestíbulo-lingual da caixa oclusal foi estabelecida em 1/4 (Grupos I e IV), 1/3 (Grupos II e V) ou 1/2 (Grupos III e VI) da distância intercuspídea. Os dentes foram pesados, em uma balança de precisão, antes e após o preparo cavitário para aferir a perda de massa dentária. Os dentes preparados foram submetidos à força de compressão para determinar a resistência à fratura em uma máquina universal de ensaios sob uma velocidade de 0.5 mm/min. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância a dois critérios e ao teste de Tukey (alfa = 0.05). As cavidades do tipo "1/4-inlay" apresentaram maior percentual de perda de massa (9.71 por cento) em relação às cavidades para resina composta com mesma extensão (7.07 por cento). As cavidades do tipo "1/3-inlay" também apresentaram maior percentual de perda de massa (13.91 por cento) quando comparada às cavidades para resina composta com a mesma extensão (10.02 por cento). As cavidades do tipo "1/2-inlay" apresentaram 21.34 por cento de perda de massa, enquanto as cavidades com extensão de 1/2 para resina composta apresentaram uma perda de 16.19 por cento. As médias de resistência à fratura (em kgf) foram: GI = 187.65; GII = 143.62; GIII = 74.10; GIV = 164.22; GV = 101.92; GVI = 50.35. Diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p<0.5) foram observadas entre os Grupos I e IV, II e V, III e VI. Maior perda de estrutura dentária e menor resistência à fratura foram verificadas após os preparos do tipo "inlay" quando comparados aos preparos para resina composta direta.


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/classificação , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/instrumentação , Materiais Dentários/química , Porcelana Dentária/química , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/classificação , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Teste de Materiais , Tamanho do Órgão , Estresse Mecânico , Coroa do Dente/patologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/fisiopatologia
18.
Braz. j. morphol. sci ; 23(3/4): 333-342, July-Dec. 2006. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-644235

RESUMO

This article describes the use of geometric measurements of continuous, discrete parameters to studymorphometric variation in the wing cells of two sibling species, Drosophila mercatorum and Drosophilaparanaensis. To validate the results, the same wing samples were also analyzed using truss networks andpartial warps, in addition to a comparison with the ellipse method. The use of discriminative measurementsin conjunction with a Bayesian-based classification method yielded a relatively high number of correctclassifications for new individuals. These results compared favorably with those obtained using trussnetworks, partial warps and the ellipse method. These findings indicate that continuous curvature and arclength measurements may be useful parameters for the morphometric analysis of insect wings and possiblyother biological structures and shapes.


Assuntos
Animais , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Drosophila , Drosophila/anatomia & histologia , Asas de Animais/anatomia & histologia , Asas de Animais/fisiologia , Insetos
19.
Genetica ; 128(1-3): 287-95, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17028958

RESUMO

In this study, we have compared 34 repetition units of pBuM-2 satellite DNA of individuals from six isolated populations of Drosophila gouveai, a cactophilic member of Drosophila buzzatii cluster (repleta group). In contrast to the results of previous morphological and molecular data, which suggest differentiation among the D. gouveai populations, the sequences and the cluster analysis of pBuM-2 monomers showed that this repetitive element is highly conserved among the six D. gouveai populations (97.8% similarity), indicating a slow rate of evolution of pBuM-2 sequences at the population level. Probably, some homogenization mechanisms of tandem sequences, such as unequal crossing or gene conversion, have maintained the sequence similarity of pBuM-2 among D. gouveai populations. Alternatively, such a result may be associated with a functional role of pBuM-2 sequences, although it is not understood at present.


Assuntos
DNA Satélite/genética , Drosophila/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Brasil , Sequência Conservada , Evolução Molecular , Genética Populacional , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
20.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 78(2): 203-212, June 2006. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-427098

RESUMO

Drosophila serido e D. antonietae são espécies crípticas pertencentes ao ''cluster'' Drosophila buzzatii. Morfologicamente, elas podem ser discriminadas apenas por diferenças quantitativas. Neste trabalho, nós analisamos o comprimento e a média da curvatura equalizada de quatro regiões do edeago de indivíduos de D. antonietae e D. serido. Os espécimes de D. serido e D. antonietae foram discriminados com 96,74% de eficiência. Apenas com base na variável que mais contribuiu para discriminação dos grupos (média da curvatura equalizada do arco IV do edeago), nós observamos significativa divergência morfológica intraespecífica em D. serido em relação a D. antonietae, o que está em concordância com outros marcadores. A alta divergência morfológica apenas na média da curvatura equalizada do arco IV do edeago mostra que essa região do edeago evoluiu mais rápido que as demais desde a divergência entre as duas espécies. A importância do presente estudo para o entendimento das bases genética que controlam a formação do edeago, nas espécies do ''cluster'' Drosophila buzzatii, é discutida.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Drosophila/anatomia & histologia , Drosophila/classificação , Brasil , Análise por Conglomerados , Drosophila/genética , Evolução Molecular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...