Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 181
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Vet Sci ; 21(3): e39, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are various Helicobacter species colonizing the stomachs of animals. Although Helicobacter species usually cause asymptomatic infection in the hosts, clinical signs can occur due to gastritis associated with Helicobacter in animals. Among them, Helicobacter pylori is strongly associated with chronic gastritis, gastric ulcers, and gastric cancers. As the standard therapies used to treat H. pylori have proven insufficient, alternative options are needed to prevent and eradicate the diseases associated with this bacterium. Cheonwangbosim-dan (CBD), a traditional herbal formula that is popular in East Asia, has been commonly used for arterial or auricular flutter, neurosis, insomnia, and cardiac malfunction-induced disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the antimicrobial effect of CBD on H. pylori-infected human gastric carcinoma AGS cells and model mice. METHODS: AGS cells were infected with H. pylori and treated with a variety of concentrations of CBD or antibiotics. Mice were given 3 oral inoculations with H. pylori and then dosed with CBD (100 or 500 mg/kg) for 4 weeks or with standard antibiotics for 1 week. One week after the last treatment, gastric samples were collected and examined by histopathological analysis, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and immunoblotting. RESULTS: Our results showed that CBD treatment of AGS cells significantly reduced the H. pylori-induced elevations of interleukin-8, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). In the animal model, CBD treatment inhibited the colonization of H. pylori and the levels of malondialdehyde, inflammation, proinflammatory cytokines, iNOS, and COX-2 in gastric tissues. CBD also decreased the phosphorylation levels of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase family. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that CBD might be a prospective candidate for treating H. pylori-induced gastric injury.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 260: 112999, 2020 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454173

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dohongsamul-tang (DST) is a traditional herbal formula used to promote the blood circulation and inhibit inflammation, and also widely has been used in the treatment of patients with chronic liver diseases in Korea and China. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the effect of DST on regulation of lipid metabolism of chronic liver diseases in mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the effect of DST on high-fat and high-cholesterol diet (HFHC, 40% fat and 1% cholesterol)-induced NAFLD, and applied unbiased lipidomics using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) coupled with multivariate analysis. RESULTS: DST improved hepatic morphology and reduced levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). In addition, DST inhibited hepatic lipid accumulation through the downregulation of C/EBPα, PPARγ, and pAMPK. To further elucidate the effect of DST on hepatic lipid metabolism, we applied UPLC/Q-TOF MS-based lipidomics. The score plots of partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed that DST changed the lipid metabolic pattern of high-fat and high-cholesterol diet (HFHC) mice. Twenty-two lipid metabolites were selected as biomarkers regulated by DST and pathway analysis revealed that sphingolipid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were associated with the effect of DST on NAFLD. Among the 22 selected biomarkers, 14 were phospholipids, and DST significantly reversed the increased expression of lysophospholipase 3 (LYPLA3) and neuropathy target esterase (NTE), which are key enzymes in glycerophospholipid metabolism. Given that alterations in sphingolipids and phospholipids can have effects on apoptosis and insulin resistance (IR), we subsequently investigated changes in the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), and IR-related markers after DST treatment. We accordingly found that the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 expression, a maker of apoptosis, was also elevated in HFHC mice and reduced by DST treatment. In addition, DST enhanced hepatic insulin signaling by upregulating the expression of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) and phospho-protein kinase B (pAKT), and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) analysis indicated that this herbal preparation also ameliorated systemic IR. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that DST might have an effect on NAFLD by regulating the metabolism of lipids such as phospholipids and sphingolipids and demonstrated that lipidomic profiling is useful to investigate the therapeutic effects of herbal decoctions from traditional Korean and Chinese medicine.

3.
Nutrients ; 12(5)2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349329

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by pruritus and cutaneous dry skin. Here, we investigated whether topical application of NI-01 composed of six herbal medicines has a therapeutic effect on AD in vivo. Twelve marker compounds of NI-01 were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector for quality control. To induce AD, house dust mite extract was applied to the shaved dorsal skin and ear surfaces of NC/Nga mice twice a week for 6 weeks. NI-01 (1, 2, or 4 mg/mouse) was applied daily to the site for experiment periods. The coefficient of determination of each compound showed good linearity (≥ 0.9999). The recovery rate of the 12 marker components was 96.77%-105.17%; intra and interday precision and repeatability were ≤ 1.40%. Topical application of NI-01 reduced house dust mite induced AD symptoms. The increased expressions of interleukin-4 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 caused by house dust mites were markedly suppressed in NI-01-treated mice. Corticosterone levels significantly decreased, whereas serotonin levels increased with NI-01 application. These results suggest that NI-01 alleviates AD symptoms by inhibiting infiltration of inflammatory cells, thereby decreasing AD-related stress. NI-01 could be beneficial for the treatment of AD-like skin diseases.

4.
Nutrients ; 12(3)2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182802

RESUMO

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have similar properties to embryonic stem cells in terms of indefinite self-renewal and differentiation capacity. After in vitro differentiation of iPSCs, undifferentiated iPSCs (USCs) may exist in cell therapy material and can form teratomas after in vivo transplantation. Selective elimination of residual USCs is, therefore, very important. Prunellae Spica (PS) is a traditional medicinal plant that has been shown to exert anti-cancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities; however, its effects on iPSCs have not been previously characterized. In this study, we find that ethanol extract of PS (EPS) effectively induces apoptotic cell death of USCs through G2/M cell cycle arrest, generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, alteration of mitochondrial membrane potentials, and caspase activation of USCs. In addition, EPS increases p53 accumulation and expression of its downstream targets. In p53 knockout (KO) iPSCs, the EPS did not induce apoptosis, indicating that EPS-mediated apoptosis of USCs was p53-dependent. In addition, EPS was not genotoxic towards iPSCs-derived differentiated cells. EPS treatment before injection efficiently prevented in ovo teratoma formation of p53 wild-type (WT) iPSCs but not p53KO iPSCs. Collectively, these results indicate that EPS has potent anti-teratoma activity and no genotoxicity to differentiated cells. It can, therefore, be used in the development of safe and efficient iPSC-based cell therapies.

5.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153198, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are regarded as the best potential cell source for cell-based regenerative medicine. To develop a safe and efficient iPSC-based cell therapy, it is very important to avoid possible teratoma formation, which can arise from undifferentiated iPSCs (USCs) remaining among differentiated cell products. Dried bark of Magnolia officinalis (Magnolia cortex, MC) has long been used in traditional medicine to treat gastrointestinal ailments and allergic diseases, and has shown have various pharmacological activities, including anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer effects. However, its effects on iPSCs have not yet been examined. PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the selective cytotoxic effects of ethanol extract of MC (EEMC) on undifferentiated iPSCs and elucidated the underlying apoptotic mechanisms in detail. We also investigated the inhibitory effects of EEMC on teratoma formation via in ovo experiments. RESULTS: We found that EEMC greatly reduced cell growth and induced apoptotic cell death in USCs, but not in differentiated or normal cells. EEMC caused G2/M cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial damage, and caspase activation of USCs, accompanied by p53 accumulation. In p53KO human iPSCs, EEMC had no cytotoxicity, reinforcing that EEMC-mediated apoptosis of USCs is p53-dependent. EEMC did not cause DNA damage in iPSC-derived differentiated cells. In ovo teratoma formation assay revealed that EEMC treatment before injection efficiently eliminated USCs and prevented teratoma formation. CONCLUSIONS: These results collectively indicate that EEMC has potent anti-teratoma activity, and therefore can be used for the development of safe iPSC-based therapy.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 255: 112779, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209388

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Asteris Radix et Rhizoma (AR) refers to the roots and rhizomes of Aster tataricus L., which is widely distributed throughout East Asia. AR has been consumed as a traditional medicine in Korea, Japan and China for the treatment of urologic symptoms. To date, however, the therapeutic effect of AR on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has not been investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study evaluated the therapeutic effects of AR on a testosterone-induced BPH rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We induced BPH to rats by subcutaneous injections (s.c) of testosterone propionate (TP) daily for four weeks. Rats were also administered daily oral gavage of AR (150 mg/kg) or vehicle. After four weeks of induction, all animals were euthanized humanely and their prostate glands were removed, weighed and processed for further analysis, including histopathological examination, real-time PCR, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Administration of AR to TP-induced BPH rats considerably reduced prostate weight and concentrations of serum testosterone and prostate dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Epithelial thickness and expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were markedly suppressed by AR-treatment in the rats. Furthermore, the expression of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) were reduced and expression of the Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) increased, resulting in significant reduction in Bcl-2/Bax ratio. In addition, AR decreased the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were reduced by AR treatment in a TP-induced BPH rat model. CONCLUSIONS: AR alleviates BPH by promoting apoptosis and suppressing inflammation, indicating that AR may be used clinically to treat BPH accompanied by inflammation.

7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 252: 112551, 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923540

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bojungikki-tang is a traditional herbal medicine used to boost immunity and reduce fatigue. However, there is not enough scientific evidence about its toxicological safety profile to support its continued clinical application. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to investigate the subchronic toxicity profile of Bojungikki-tang water extract (BITW) in Sprague Dawley rats who were exposed to it in multiple doses and various concentrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BITW was administered to rats orally, once daily at doses of 0, 500, 1000, or 2000 mg/kg/day for 13 weeks. We checked toxicological parameters including general observations, organ/body weights, food consumption, ophthalmological signs, hematological and serum biochemical values, urinalysis values and histopathological findings. RESULTS: The 13 week repeated oral administration of BITW to rats at doses at doses levels of less than or equal to 2000 mg/kg/day caused no significant toxicological changes and only minor nonsignificant changes. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that administration of BITW for up to 13 weeks may be safe and nontoxic, with a no-observed-adverse-effect-level of >2000 mg/kg/day for both male and female rats.

8.
Phytother Res ; 34(3): 624-633, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724257

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated whether 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (HA) has a palliative effect on asthmatic inflammatory responses using a mouse model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma. The mice were divided into five groups, each consisting of seven females (normal control phosphate-buffered saline); OVA (OVA sensitization/challenge); dexamethasone (DEX, OVA sensitization/challenge + dexamethasone 3 mg/kg); HA-10 and HA-20 OVA sensitization/challenge + HA 10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively). Mice treated with HA showed a reduction in airway hyperresponsiveness and in the number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) compared with asthmatic control. HA treatment also reduced the levels of interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13 in BALF and of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E in the serum compared with asthmatic control. HA treatment relieved airway inflammation and mucus overproduction caused by OVA exposure. Additionally, HA inhibited the increases in levels of nuclear factor kappa B, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2 that normally occur after OVA exposure. HA treatment also reduced the activity and protein level of matrix metalloproteinase-9. Taken together, HA effectively suppressed asthmatic airway inflammation and mucus production caused by OVA exposure. These findings indicate that HA has the potential to be used as a therapeutic agent for asthma.

9.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 367, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ChondroT, a new herbal medication, consists of Angelica grosseserrata Maxim., Lonicera japonica Thunb., Angelica gigas Nakai, Clematis terniflora var. manshurica (Rupr.) Ohwi, and Phellodendron amurense Rupr. (6:4:4:4:3). Our previous studies have shown that ChondroT exhibits significant anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we aimed to assess the toxicological safety assessment of ChondroT. METHODS: This study was designed to assess the safety of ChondroT after repeated oral administration. Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with ChondroT at oral doses of 0, 500, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg for 13 weeks. Mortality, clinical signs, body weight changes, food consumption, ophthalmological findings, urinalysis, hematological and blood-chemical parameters, necropsy findings, organ weights, and histological markers were recorded throughout the study period. Rats were also monitored for an additional 4 weeks to determine the recovery time. RESULTS: No death occurred and no significant changes in food consumption, ophthalmologic findings, and urinalysis were found. Although there were alterations in clinical signs, body weights, hematological parameters, blood-chemical parameters, necropsy findings, organ weights, and histological markers, they were not considered to be toxicologically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the no-observed adverse effects level (NOAEL) was 2000 mg/kg/day for the test substance. ChondroT, a new complex herbal medication composed of five plants, can therefore be used safely at the NOAEL.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Testes de Toxicidade Subcrônica , Administração Oral , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Próstata/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Submandibular/patologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/patologia
10.
J Clin Med ; 8(10)2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569833

RESUMO

Conventional and herbal drugs are frequently used together to treat many disorders. Samryungbaekchul-san (SRS, a herbal formula) and otilonium bromide (OB, an antispasmodic agent) are widely used to treat diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) in Eastern Asian countries. However, there have been no studies on the co-administration of SRS and OB. Therefore, we aimed to preliminarily assess the feasibility of SRS combined with OB for D-IBS treatment in a pilot double-blind, four-arm, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial (RCT), including 80 patients diagnosed with D-IBS according to the Rome III criteria. The patients were randomly assigned to four treatment groups and were administered drugs for eight weeks after a two-week preparatory period. Follow-up was conducted four weeks after the administration period. The primary outcome was evaluated by using a global D-IBS symptom improvement score; no statistically significant difference was observed between the groups. However, multiple logistic regression analysis of primary outcome scores shows that SRS significantly improved D-IBS symptoms (p < 0.05). For secondary outcomes, better results were observed in the SRS + OB group, in terms of symptoms, including abdominal pain, discomfort, frequency of abdominal pain, and stool form than in OB alone or placebo groups (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the co-administration of SRS and OB might be an effective and safe strategy for the treatment of D-IBS. Large-scale RCTs are warranted to further confirm and clarify these findings.

11.
Biomolecules ; 9(7)2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295870

RESUMO

Gami-soyosan is a medicinal herbal formulation prescribed for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and osteoporosis. Gami-soyosan is also used to treat similar symptoms experienced by patients with breast cancer. The incidence of breast cancer in women receiving hormone replacement therapy is a big burden. However, little is known about the components and their mechanism of action that exhibit these beneficial effects of Gami-soyosan. The aim of this study was to simultaneously analyze compounds of Gami-soyosan, and determine their cytotoxic effects on estrogen receptor (ER)-positive MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells. We established a simultaneous analysis method of 18 compounds contained in Gami-soyosan and found that, among the various compounds in Gami-soyosan, gallic acid (1), decursin (17), and decursinol angelate (18) suppressed the viability of MCF-7 cells. Gallic acid (1), decursin (17), and decursinol angelate (18) induced apoptotic cell death and significantly increased poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage and the Bcl-2-associated X protein/ B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bax/Bcl-2) ratio. Decursin (17) increased the expression of cleaved caspases-8, -9, -7, and -3. Decursinol angelate (18) increased the expression of cleaved caspase-8 and -7. These three components altered the different apoptosis signal pathways. Collectively, gallic acid (1), decursin (17), and decursinol angelate (18) may be used to inhibit cell proliferation synergistically in patients with ER-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Butiratos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Células MCF-7
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223325

RESUMO

Ssanghwa-tang (SHT), a traditional herbal formula, has been widely used to recover fatigue or consumptive disease after an illness. Along with much attention to herbal formula, the concerns about the safety and toxicity have arisen. To establish the safety information, SHT was administrated in Crl:CD Sprague Dawley rats at a daily dose of 0, 1000, 2000, and 5000 mg/kg for 4 weeks. During the test periods, we examined the mortality, clinical observation, body weight change, food consumption, organ weights, hematology, serum biochemistry, and urinalysis parameters. No changes of mortality and necropsy findings occurred in any of the groups during the experimental period. In either sex of rats treated with SHT at 5000 mg/kg/day, changes were observed in food intake, reticulocyte, total bilirubin, some urinalysis parameters, and relative organ weights. The results indicated that SHT did not induce toxic effects at a dose level up to 2000 mg/kg in rats. This dosage was considered no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and was appropriate for a 13-week subchronic toxicity study.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 240: 111913, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091465

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gyejibokryeong-hwan is a traditional herbal medicine and is reported to have various pharmacological actions. Despite many reports of previous studies, there is limited scientific evidence concerning its safety and few drug-metabolism profiles to support the continued therapeutic application of Gyejibokryeong-hwan. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the acute and subacute toxicity profile of a Gyejibokryeong-hwan water extract (GBHW) in vivo, and its effects on the activities of drug-metabolizing enzymes in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute and subacute toxicity was evaluated by giving GBHW to rats. In a study of acute toxicity, the rats were given GBHW by single oral gavage administration at 0 and 5000 mg/kg. In a study of subacute toxicity, rats were given GBHW by oral gavage at 0, 1000, 2000, and 5000 mg/kg/day daily for 28 days. The activities of the major human microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isozymes were investigated using fluorescence- and luminescence-based enzyme assays in vitro, respectively. RESULTS: GBHW did not cause any mortality in the study of acute toxicity. In the study of subacute toxicity, GBHW at more than 2000 mg/kg/day was observed with minor changes in the absolute and relative organ weight, hematology, serum biochemistry and urinalysis parameters in rats of either sex. However, these changes were not considered to be important toxicologically. GBHW moderately inhibited the activities of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and UGT1A1. CONCLUSIONS: Our present data suggest that GBHW does not cause toxicologically important adverse events at doses up to 2000 mg/kg/day in the 4-week repeated dose toxicity study and provide valuable information concerning its potential to interact with conventional medicine.


Assuntos
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Testes de Toxicidade Subaguda , Água/química
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 238: 111852, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954616

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yongdamsagan-tang, a traditional herbal formula, is used widely for the treatment of inflammatory and viral diseases. However, the safety of Yongdamsagan-tang has not been established. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the subacute toxicity of Yongdamsagan-tang water extract (YSTE) in Crl:CD Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the subacute toxicity of YSTE in male and female Crl:CD Sprague Dawley rats (n = 5 per group). Rats were treated with YSTE at doses of 0, 1000, 2000 and 5000 mg/kg administered once a day by oral gavage for 4 weeks. RESULTS: There were no significant changes in mortality, body weight, food intake, serum biochemistry, or results of hematology and urinalysis after YSTE administration. However, all rats treated with 5000 mg/kg/day YSTE exhibited excessive salivation and discolored urine. Necropsy findings showed discoloration in the liver of both male (n = 1) and female (n = 3) rats treated with 5000 mg/kg/day YSTE, and an increase in the relative weights of kidney and liver was also found in male rats treated with 5000 mg/kg/day. In addition, decreases in serum creatinine, total bilirubin, alanine transaminase, and alkaline phosphatase were observed in male rats treated with 2000 or 5000 mg/kg/day YSTE. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities in some rats are considered to be independent of YSTE toxicity. Therefore, the results suggest that oral administration of YSTE in rats for 4 weeks is safe at doses of up to 5000 mg/kg/day.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Animais , Bilirrubina/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Toxicidade Subaguda
15.
Phytomedicine ; 59: 152777, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major contributor to the high incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) featured as chronic inflammation and airway obstruction. Mahuang-Tang is a traditional polyherbal mixture composed of four different herbs. It is widely used in Asia as a remedy for allergic reaction and inflammation. PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of a modificated Mahuang-Tang water extract (MTWE) against airway inflammation caused by CS and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice and cigarette smoke condensate (CSC)-stimulated NCI-H292 cells. METHODS: CS exposed to animals for 1 h per day from day 1 to day 7 and treated with LPS intranasally on day 4. One hour before CS exposure, animals were received MTWE (50 or 100 mg/kg) by oral gavage. Inflammatory cell count and cytokines levels were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Expression levels of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) were analyzed by western blotting. RESULTS: MTWE markedly decreased the neutrophil and other inflammatory cell counts in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and reduced proinflammatory mediators as evidenced by the decreases in inflammatory cell recruitment in lung tissue. Furthermore, MTWE meaningfully declined MMP-9 expression and reduced the Erk phosphorylation, caused by the CS and LPS exposure. In in vitro experiments, MTWE suppressed the elevated expression of proinflammatory cytokines induced by CSC treatment. MTWE reduced Erk phosphorylation and MMP-9 expression in CSC-stimulated H292 cells. CONCLUSION: Overall, MTWE effectively inhibited the pulmonary inflammation and MMP-9 expression caused by the CS and LPS exposure, which was closely involved in suppression of Erk phosphorylation. These results suggest that MTWE possesses a potential for the treatment of COPD.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Citocinas/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/patologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30800169

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of Jackyakgamcho-tang (JGT) on acute colitis. GC/MS-based metabolomics and NGS-based metagenomics were applied to investigate the alteration of metabolites and microbiota in an acute colitis model. The severity of acute colitis symptoms was alleviated by JGT treatment. Induction of colitis and JGT treatment changed compositions of gut microbiota and inflammatory cytokine levels (TNF-α and IL-6). They also substantially change metabolites (i.e., lactic acid, linoleic acid, monostearin, and palmitoylglycerol). In addition, some clear correlations were observed among metabolites, cytokine, and microbiota. This study highlights the applicability of metabolomics and metagenomics study for evaluating anti-inflammatory effects of a new functional herbal medicine as a therapeutic agent for acute colitis.

17.
Molecules ; 24(2)2019 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642008

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disease. The use of immunomodulatory corticosteroids in AD treatment causes adverse side effects. Therefore, novel natural anti-inflammatory therapeutics are needed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activities of kuwanon G and morusin. To investigate the effect of kuwanon G and morusin on skin inflammation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to quantitate secreted (RANTES/CCL5), thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17), and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) were performed, followed by Western blotting to measure the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-stimulated HaCaT keratinocytes. In order to evaluate the anti-allergic effects, ELISA to quantify histamine and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) production and Western blotting to measure 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activation were performed using PMA and A23187-stimulated MC/9 mast cells. Kuwanon G reduced the release of RANTES/CCL5, TARC/CCL17, and MDC/CCL22 via down-regulation of STAT1 and NF-κB p65 signaling in TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT keratinocytes. Kuwanon G also inhibited histamine production and 5-LO activation in PMA and A23187-stimulated MC/9 mast cells. Morusin inhibited RANTES/CCL5 and TARC/CCL17 secretion via the suppression of STAT1 and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation in TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT keratinocytes, and the release of histamine and LTC4 by suppressing 5-LO activation in PMA and A23187-stimulated MC/9 mast cells. Kuwanon G and morusin are potential anti-inflammatory mediators for the treatment of allergic and inflammatory skin diseases such as AD.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Antialérgicos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo
18.
Saudi Pharm J ; 27(1): 145-153, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662318

RESUMO

Samryeongbaekchul-san (SBS) is a traditional herbal formula, which is used for the treatment of dyspepsia, chronic gastritis, and anorexia in Korea. To evaluate the quality of SBS decoction by quantifying its main constituents simultaneously using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) detection, and secondly to determine the antiadipogenic effect of SBS decoction. The main constituents in a 10-µL injection volume of the decoction were separated on Gemini C18 and Luna NH2 columns (both 250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) at 40 °C using a gradient of two mobile phases eluting at 1.0 mL/min. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into adipocytes for 8 days with or without SBS. After differentiation, accumulated triglyceride contents and leptin production were measured. The correlation coefficients of all constituents in a calibration curve were ≥0.9998 and showed good linearity in the tested concentration range after validation of the method established. The recovery of the four major compounds were 99.46-102.61% with intra- and interday precisions of 0.08-1.01% and 0.15-0.99%, respectively. The four compounds in the lyophilized SBS sample were detected up to 6.46 mg/g. SBS treatment of the differentiated adipocytes significantly inhibited lipid accumulation and leptin production without cytotoxicity. Optimized simultaneous determination of constituents by HPLC-PDA detection will help to improve quality assessment of SBS or related formulas. SBS has an antiadipogenic effect and further investigation to establish the mechanisms of action of its antiadipogenic effect is warranted.

19.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(1): 1-9, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381617

RESUMO

Veratrum maackii (VM), a perennial plant in the Melanthiaceae family, has anti-hypertensive, anti-cholinergic, anti-asthmatic, anti-tussive, anti-fungal, anti-melanogenesis, and anti-tumor activities. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effect of VM on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in human normal prostate cell line (WPMY-1) and a testosterone propionate-induced BPH animal model. WPMY-1 cells were treated with VM (1-10 µg/mL) and testosterone propionate (100 nM). BPH in rats was generated via daily subcutaneous injections of testosterone propionate (3 mg/kg) dissolved in corn oil, for 4 weeks. VM (150 mg/kg) was administered daily for 4 weeks by oral gavage concurrently with the testosterone propionate. All rats were sacrificed and the prostates were dissected, weighed, and subjected to histological, immunohistochemical, and biochemical examinations. Immunoblotting experiments indicated that WPMY-1 cells treated testosterone propionate had increased expression of prostate specific antigen (PSA) and androgen receptor (AR), and treatment with VM or finasteride blocked this effect. In rat model, VM significantly reduced prostate weight, prostatic hyperplasia, prostatic levels of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and expression of proliferation markers such as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and cyclin D1, but increased the expression of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and the cleavage of caspase-3. VM administration also suppressed the testosterone propionate-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB). Our results indicate that VM effectively represses the development of testosterone propionate-induced BPH, suggesting it may be a useful treatment agent for BPH.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Hiperplasia Prostática/induzido quimicamente , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Propionato de Testosterona/toxicidade , Veratrum , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(4): 2021-2029, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To ensure the safety, quality and therapeutic efficacy of processed foods and herbal medicines, it is important to identify and discriminate economically motivated adulterants. Zanthoxylum schinifolium is sold at a higher price than other Zanthoxylum species and is frequently adulterated with closely related Zanthoxylum species because of its high demand as a Korean food ingredient and medicinal material in markets. In addition, the pericarps of three Zanthoxylum species (Z. schinifolium, Z. bungeanum and Z. piperitum) are defined as herbal medicine Zanthoxyli Pericarpium in Korean pharmacopoeias, but not Z. piperitum in Chinese pharmacopoeias. Further confusion arises in the morphological similarity between Z. armatum (adulterant) and Z. bungeanum. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker for discrimination of four Zanthoxylum species. RESULTS: With the goal of developing rapid and reliable tools for genetic discrimination of authentic Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, we designed species-specific SCAR markers, based on ITS2 sequences, that generate amplicons of less than 200 bp. Using these markers, we established both conventional and real-time PCR assay methods capable of differentiating samples at the species level. We validated the ability of SCAR markers to authenticate edible oil and herbal medicine, and confirmed that some herbal medicines contaminated with Z. armatum are being distributed as Zanthoxyli Pericarpium in Korean and Chinese markets. CONCLUSIONS: The SCAR markers and PCR methods described represent powerful tools for protecting against adulteration and ensuring standardization of processed foods and herbal medicine. © 2018 The Authors. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Óleos Vegetais/análise , Plantas Medicinais/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Zanthoxylum/genética , Análise Discriminante , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , Zanthoxylum/química , Zanthoxylum/classificação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA