Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 120
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054998

RESUMO

This retrospective study aimed to investigate the outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Thirty-six patients (low-grade MDS, 24; advanced MDS, 12) received HSCT at the Asan Medical Center over two decades (early period, 1997-2007; recent period, 2008-2017). The transplantation outcomes were analyzed according to disease status, conditioning regimen, various donor types, and period of HSCT. During a median follow-up of 5.6 (range, 1.4-21.1) years, the probability of overall survival (OS) and failure-free survival was 77% and 69%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of transplantation-related mortality (TRM) was 12%. Significantly reduced TRM and improved OS were observed in patients who received HSCT during the recent period vs. the early period (TRM, 4% vs. 30%, P = 0.021; OS, 87% vs. 50%, P = 0.006). Comparable outcomes were observed for HSCT from haploidentical family donors vs. HLA-identical donors (TRM, 10% vs. 14%, P = 0.837; OS, 86% vs. 79%, P = 0.625). This study identified the improved outcomes of allogeneic HSCT for childhood MDS over time, in addition, the feasible outcomes of haploidentical HSCT suggested its use as an attractive alternative in the future procedures.

2.
Pediatr Transplant ; : e13658, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960542

RESUMO

This study was performed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of tandem HDCT/ASCT combined with targeted radiotherapy using 131 I-MIBG for high-risk neuroblastoma. Patients with high-risk neuroblastoma were treated with 8 to 10 cycles of induction chemotherapy before tandem HDCT/ASCT. Patients received 131 I-MIBG treatment before the second HDCT/ASCT. Local radiotherapy and maintenance therapy were performed after tandem HDCT/ASCT. Between 2012 and 2016, 19 patients were diagnosed with high-risk neuroblastoma in our institution and 18 of them received tandem HDCT/ASCT combined with 131 I-MIBG therapy. For the first HDCT/ASCT regimen, 12 patients received busulfan/melphalan and six patients received melphalan/etoposide/carboplatin. The second HDCT included ThioCy. The median dose of 131 I-MIBG was 17.2 mCi/kg for the first eight patients, while 12 patients in the latter period of the study received reduced dose of 10.7 mCi/kg. The 5-year OS and EFS rates were 79% and 61%, respectively, for all 19 patients with high-risk neuroblastoma, and 83% and 64%, respectively, for 18 patients who completed tandem HDCT/ASCT combined with 131 I-MIBG therapy. Six patients experienced disease relapse and five patients died. Treatment-related mortality was not observed. Among 15 evaluable patients, 11 patients (73%) developed hypothyroidism, six patients (40%) had CKD, and six patients (40%) had growth failure. Hypothyroidism and growth failure were less frequent in patients who received reduced doses of 131 I-MIBG therapy. Tandem HDCT/ASCT combined with HD 131 I-MIBG therapy could be feasible for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma with acceptable toxicity profiles and favorable outcomes.

3.
Ann Lab Med ; 40(1): 1-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JL1, a CD43 epitope and mucin family cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed on leukemic cells. An anti-JL1 antibody combined with a toxic substance can have targeted therapeutic effects against JL1-positive leukemia; however, JL1 expression on bone marrow (BM) lymphoma cells has not been assessed using flow cytometry. We investigated JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells from patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) to assess the potential of JL1 as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Patients with BM involvement of mature B-cell (N=44) or T- and natural killer (NK)-cell (N=4) lymphomas were enrolled from May 2015 to September 2016. JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells was investigated using flow cytometry. Clinical, pathological, and cytogenetic characteristics, and treatment responses were compared according to JL1 expression status. RESULTS: Of the patients with NHL and BM involvement, 37.5% (18/48) were JL1-positive. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, 100%, 38.9%, 33.3%, 100%, and 25.0% of Burkitt lymphomas, diffuse large B-cell leukemias, mantle cell leukemias, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and other B-cell lymphomas, respectively, were JL1-positive. Three mature T- and NK-cell NHLs were JL1-positive. JL1 expression was associated with age (P=0.045), complete response (P=0.004), and BM involvement at follow-up (P=0.017), but not with sex, performance status, the B symptoms, packed marrow pattern, cytogenetic abnormalities, or survival. CONCLUSIONS: JL1 positivity was associated with superior complete response and less BM involvement in NHL following chemotherapy.

4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5531-5539, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Possible correlations between the expression of immune checkpoint molecules and prognosis in childhood acute leukemia were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of programmed-death 1 (PD1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), and B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) was determined by flow cytometry on peripheral αß+ and γδ+ T-cells from patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (n=9) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n=12), and from healthy volunteers (n=7). The expression of programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1), B7-1, B7-2, human leukocyte antigen-ABC (HLA-ABC), and herpesvirus-entry mediator (HVEM) ligands was determined on leukemia blasts. RESULTS: PD1 expression on αß+ and γδ+ T-cells was significantly higher in patients with ALL than in those with AML (p=0.0019 and 0.0239, respectively). CTLA-4 expression was moderately higher on αß+ and γδ+ T-cells in ALL (p=0.077 and 0.077, respectively), whereas HLA-ABC expression was significantly higher in AML blast cells (p=0.0182). The expression of CTLA-4 on γδ+ T-cells and the B7-2 ligand on blasts was higher in patients with high-risk ALL (p=0.02 and 0.02, respectively). In AML, PD1 expression on αß+ T-cells was higher in the intermediate-risk group (p=0.05), whereas HVEM expression was significantly higher in the low-risk group (p=0.02). Expression of CTLA-4 on γδ+ T-cells and PD-L1 on blasts were both associated with poor relapse-free survival outcomes in ALL (p=0.049). CONCLUSION: The higher expression of immune checkpoint molecules, in particular, CTLA-4 and PD-L1 are associated with a poorer prognosis in ALL, suggesting that selective use of the immune checkpoint blockade might improve the clinical outcomes in patients with ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ligantes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Adulto Jovem
5.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352772

RESUMO

Purpose: The presentations and geographic incidence of pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma differ from those of adults. This study delineated the characteristics and outcomes of pediatric NHL in East Asia. Material and Methods: Medical records of 749 pediatric patients with NHL treated at participating institutions in mainland China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan from January 2008 to December 2013 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical features, survival outcomes, and putative prognostic factors were analyzed. Results: Five hundred thirty patients (71%) were male. The most common pathologic subtypes were Burkitt lymphoma (BL) (36%). Six hundred seven (81%) patients had advanced diseases at diagnosis. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were 89% and 84%. The 5-year EFS rates of BL, LL and DLBCL were 88%, 88%, and 89%, and those of ALCL and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) were 71% and 56% (P<0.001). CNS involvement, high lactate dehydrogenase level (>250 IU/mL), and advanced disease at diagnosis (≥ stage III) were associated with poor outcomes (P<0.05). ALCL and PTCL relapsed more frequently than other pathologic subtypes (P<0.001). Conclusion: In East Asia, PTCL was more frequent than in Western countries, and BM involvement did not affect treatment outcome. This international study should motivate future collaborative study on NHL in East Asia.

6.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 36(4): 222-235, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313940

RESUMO

We investigated bone marrow (BM) recovery of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and hematopoietic microenvironment after chemotherapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Twenty-nine de novo childhood ALL patients were enrolled and BM biopsy sections at diagnosis (BM0), after induction (BM1), consolidation (BM3), interim maintenance (BM5) and delayed intensification (BM7) chemotherapy were obtained. Expressions of CD133, CD34, CD117, osteopontin, osteonectin, CXCL12, and CXCR4 were evaluated by semiquantitative immunohistochemical stains. All markers recovered significantly following chemotherapy while highest values at BM3 (for CD133/CD117/CXCL12/CXCR4), BM5 (for CXCL12/CD34/osteonectin), and BM7 (for osteopontin). Patients with cytogenetic good risk expressed significantly more CD133+/CD34+ cells than those with standard and poor risk in BM5. Patients without aberrant immunophenotype expressed significantly more CD133+ cells in BM1, and more CD117+ cells in BM5 than those with aberrant immunophenotype. Patients treated with standard risk-average chemotherapeutic protocol expressed significantly more CXCR4+ cells than those treated with other protocols in BM7. Patients who showed lowest ANC ≥ 200/µL during induction chemotherapy expressed significantly more CXCR4+ cells at from BM1 to BM5, and more CD133+ cells in BM3 than those who did not. Early and full recovery of BM HSC is most vigorous at BM3 and BM5, respectively. Reconstruction of BM niche and stromal cell recovery is mostly active at BM5, and hematopoietic activity of BM niche recovers mostly at BM7. Patients with cytogenetic good risk, nonaberrant immunophenotype, standard risk-average chemotherapeutic protocol and less BM suppression during induction chemotherapy show prompt recovery of some BM HSC and microenvironment markers compared to others.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia
7.
Ann Lab Med ; 39(4): 358-366, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JL1 is a newly identified CD43 epitope that specifically recognizes leukemic cells. We analyzed the incidence of JL1 expression and compared the clinical, immunophenotypic, and genetic characteristics of de novo pediatric acute leukemia patients with respect to JL1 expression status to determine the therapeutic potential of an anti-JL1 antibody. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with pediatric acute leukemia (52 with ALL, 26 with AML) diagnosed between December 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled prospectively. Flow cytometry for JL1 expression was performed at diagnosis. Clinical, immunophenotypic, and genetic characteristics were compared with respect to JL1 expression status by the Student t-test/Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test/Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: The incidence of JL1 expression was 76.9% and 84.6% in ALL and AML patients, respectively. ALL patients with JL1 expression showed higher CD10 and cytoplasmic IgM expressions than those without JL1 expression (P=0.022 and 0.003, respectively) and were associated with TCF3-PBX1 and KMT2A-MLLT1 translocations. AML patients with JL1 expression showed higher CD13 and lower CD65 and CD15 expressions than those without JL1 expression (P=0.013, 0.007, and 0.024, respectively) and were associated with RUNX1-RUNX1T1, PML-RARA, and CBFB-MYH11 translocations. The JL1 expression incidence did not differ between ALL and AML, and the JL1 expression status did not affect prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the potential therapeutic role of anti-JL1 monoclonal antibodies; JL1 expression was associated with specific immunophenotypes and genetic abnormalities. Future studies should examine the prognostic impact of JL1 expression in pediatric acute leukemias.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Cariótipo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucossialina/química , Leucossialina/metabolismo , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
8.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(5): 965-974, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639824

RESUMO

Haploidentical family donors have been used as an alternative source in hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with severe aplastic anemia. We evaluated and compared the outcomes of transplantation in pediatric acquired severe aplastic anemia based on donor type. Sixty-seven patients who underwent transplantation between 1998 and 2017 were included. Fourteen patients received grafts from matched sibling donors, 21 from suitable unrelated donors, and 32 from haploidentical family donors. Ex vivo CD3+ or αß+ T cell-depleted grafts were used for haploidentical transplantation. Sixty-five patients (97.0%) achieved neutrophil engraftment at a median of 11 days. Haploidentical transplantation resulted in significantly faster neutrophil engraftment at a median of 10 days, compared with 14 days in cases of matched sibling donors and 12 days in cases of unrelated donor recipients. Nine patients experienced graft failure, and 5 of 7 who underwent a second transplantation are alive. There was no difference in the incidence of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease based on donor type. The 5-year overall survival and failure-free survival rates were 93.8% ± 3.0% and 83.3% ± 4.6%, respectively, and there was no significant survival difference based on donor type. The survival outcomes of haploidentical transplantation in patients were comparable with those of matched sibling or unrelated donor transplantation. Optimized haploidentical transplantation using selective T cell depletion and conditioning regimens including low-dose total body irradiation for enhancing engraftment may be a realistic therapeutic option for pediatric patients with severe aplastic anemia.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 317, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30670752

RESUMO

Accurate risk stratification according to the extent of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) determined on whole-body evaluation is important for determining the treatment plans and prognosis in patients with LCH. This study aimed to compare the lesion detectability and the accuracy of risk stratification of skeletal survey, bone scan, and whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) in patients with LCH. Patients with newly-diagnosed LCH who underwent all three imaging modalities were retrospectively included (n = 46). The sensitivity and mean number of false-positives per patient for LCH lesions, and the accuracy of risk stratification of each modality were assessed. WB-MRI had significantly higher sensitivity (99.0%; 95% confidence interval, 93.2-99.9%) than skeletal survey (56.6%; p < 0.0001) and bone scan (38.4%; p < 0.0001) for LCH lesions, and there were no significant differences in the number of false-positives per patient (p > 0.017). WB-MRI tended to have higher accuracy for the risk stratification than skeletal survey and bone scan (concordance rate of 0.98, 0.91, and 0.83, respectively), although the differences were not significant (overall p-value 0.066). In conclusion, WB-MRI had higher detectability for LCH lesions than skeletal survey and bone scan, while the three whole-body imaging modalities had comparable accuracy in the initial risk stratification of LCH.

10.
Cancer Res Treat ; 51(1): 357-367, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764117

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dexrazoxane has been used as an effective cardioprotector against anthracycline cardiotoxicity. This study intended to analyze cardioprotective efficacy and secondary malignancy development, and elucidate risk factors for secondary malignancies in dexrazoxane-treated pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: Data was collected from 15 hospitals in Korea. Patients who received any anthracyclines, and completed treatment without stem cell transplantation were included. For efficacy evaluation, the incidence of cardiac events and cardiac event-free survival rates were compared. Data about risk factors of secondary malignancies were collected. RESULTS: Data of total 1,453 cases were analyzed; dexrazoxane with every anthracyclines group (D group, 1,035 patients) and no dexrazoxane group (non-D group, 418 patients). Incidence of the reported cardiac events was not statistically different between two groups; however, the cardiac event-free survival rate of patients with more than 400 mg/m2 of anthracyclines was significantly higher in D group (91.2% vs. 80.1%, p=0.04). The 6-year cumulative incidence of secondary malignancy was not different between both groups after considering follow-up duration difference (non-D, 0.52%±0.37%; D, 0.60%±0.28%; p=0.55). The most influential risk factor for secondary malignancy was the duration of anthracycline administration according to multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Dexrazoxane had an efficacy in lowering cardiac event-free survival rates in patients with higher cumulative anthracyclines. As a result of multivariate analysis for assessing risk factors of secondary malignancy, the occurrence of secondary malignancy was not related to dexrazoxane administration.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Dexrazoxano/administração & dosagem , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dexrazoxano/uso terapêutico , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Clin Apher ; 33(4): 521-528, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29971847

RESUMO

A consistent and reproducible depletion technique is crucial for the successful transplantation of an ex vivo depleted graft. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of an ex vivo technique for depletion of αß+ T cells using a biotinylated anti-TCRαß monoclonal antibody, which was performed by one clinical nurse specialist. Between 2012 and 2017, 119 depletion procedures from 216 apheresis using the anti-TCRαß monoclonal antibody were performed on 105 pediatric patients. The median log depletion of αß+ T cells was 4.0 (range, 2.5-5.0). The median recovery rates of CD34+ , NK, and γδ+ T cells were 90.4%, 74.9%, and 75.9%, respectively. The efficacy of depletion of αß+ T cells significantly improved over time and the duration of the depletion procedure significantly decreased over time. Our study demonstrated that this procedure for depletion of αß+ T cells by skilled staff is highly effective at depleting target cells and obtaining CD34+ progenitor cells.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Procedimentos de Redução de Leucócitos/métodos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/isolamento & purificação , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transplante Haploidêntico/métodos , Adolescente , Antígenos CD34/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/imunologia
13.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis and management of children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) admitted in the emergency department (ED) are challenging. The present study aimed at describing the initial characteristics of pediatric patients with HLH upon admission in the ED. Moreover, the clinical severity of the condition was assessed. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients who visited the pediatric ED and were newly diagnosed with HLH during hospitalization between February 2012 and January 2017. The patients were classified in the clinically unstable group if at least 1 of the following conditions was observed upon admission in the ED: hypoxia requiring oxygen supplementation, hypotension requiring inotropic support, coagulopathy with prothrombin time (international normalized ratio, ≥1.5), and seizures or altered consciousness. RESULTS: We enrolled 31 pediatric patients with HLH, with a median age of 6.53 years (interquartile range, 1.35-13.24 years). Abdominal discomfort along with fever (74.2%) was the most common presenting symptom in patients admitted in the ED. Based on the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria, fever (96.8%), hyperferritinemia (96.8%), splenomegaly (74.2%), hypertriglyceridemia and/or hypofibrinogenemia (67.7%), and bicytopenia (41.9%) were observed in the patients. However, only 8 patients (25.8%) met the criteria. Nineteen patients (61.3%) were included in the clinically unstable group. This group had lower albumin (2.3 vs 3.3 g/dL, P = 0.002) and fibrinogen levels and higher ferritin level and neutrophil count than the clinically stable group. Meanwhile, the number of clinical findings that met the diagnostic criteria was not different between the 2 groups. Lower albumin level was a significant risk factor in the clinically unstable group (odds ratio, 0.040; P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients with HLH often have clinically unstable conditions upon admission in the ED. However, only few patients meet the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria. Lower albumin level may be useful in assessing clinically unstable patients and preparing for possible deterioration.

14.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(13): 1330-1338, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29498925

RESUMO

Purpose Safe, effective treatments are needed for pediatric patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Dasatinib is approved for treatment of adults and children with CML-CP. A phase I study determined suitable dosing for children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemias. Methods CA180-226/NCT00777036 is a phase II, open-label, nonrandomized prospective trial of patients < 18 years of age receiving dasatinib. There are three cohorts: (1) imatinib-resistant/intolerant CML-CP, (2) imatinib-resistant/intolerant CML in accelerated/blast phase or Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 17), and (3) newly diagnosed CML-CP treated with tablets or powder for oral suspension. Major cytogenetic response > 30% for imatinib-resistant/intolerant patients and complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) > 55% for newly diagnosed patients were of clinical interest. Results Of 113 patients with CML-CP, 14 (48%) who were imatinib-resistant/intolerant and 61 (73%) who were newly diagnosed remained on treatment at time of analysis. Major cytogenetic response > 30% was reached by 3 months in the imatinib-resistant/intolerant group and CCyR > 55% was reached by 6 months in the newly diagnosed CML-CP group. CCyR and major molecular response by 12 months, respectively, were 76% and 41% in the imatinib-resistant/intolerant group and 92% and 52% in newly diagnosed CML-CP group. Progression-free survival by 48 months was 78% and 93% in the imatinib-resistant/intolerant and newly diagnosed CML-CP groups, respectively. No dasatinib-related pleural or pericardial effusion, pulmonary edema, or pulmonary arterial hypertension were reported. Bone growth and development events were reported in 4% of patients. Conclusion In the largest prospective trial to date in children with CML-CP, we demonstrate that dasatinib is a safe, effective treatment of pediatric CML-CP. Target responses to first- or second-line dasatinib were met early, and deep molecular responses were observed. Safety of dasatinib in pediatric patients was similar to that observed in adults; however, no cases of pleural or pericardial effusion or pulmonary arterial hypertension were reported.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Transplant ; 32(1)2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29090489

RESUMO

To investigate reconstitution of T and NK cells after αß T lymphocyte-depleted haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HHCT) and the clinical implications of γδ T cells, we analyzed 50 pediatric patients who received 55 HHCTs using αß T cell-depleted grafts. The number of CD3+ T cells and CD8+ T cells recovered rapidly and reached donor levels at days 180 and 60, respectively. Recovery of NK cells was rapid, and the median of NK cells at day 14 was comparable to the donor level. At day 14, median percentage of γδ T lymphocytes was 70.5%. After day 14, the percentage of γδ T cells gradually decreased, while the percentage of αß T cells gradually increased. Patients with a low percentage (≤21%) of γδ T cells at day 30 had significantly higher incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation compared to patients with a high percentage (>70%) of γδ T cells (P < .01). In patients with acute leukemia, patients with high percentage of γδ T cells at day 30 showed significantly higher relapse-free survival compared to those with low percentage of γδ T cells (P = .02). Data suggest that early recovery of γδ T cells decreases the risk of CMV reactivation and leukemia relapse.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Depleção Linfocítica/métodos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Ann Lab Med ; 38(2): 132-138, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children. Alveolar RMS (ARMS) is characterized by FOXO1-related chromosomal translocations that result in a poorer clinical outcome compared with embryonal RMS (ERMS). Because the chromosomal features of RMS have not been comprehensively defined, we analyzed the clinical and laboratory data of childhood RMS patients and determined the clinical significance of chromosomal abnormalities in the bone marrow. METHODS: Fifty-one Korean patients with RMS <18 years of age treated between 2001 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. Clinical factors, bone marrow and cytogenetic results, and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 36 patients (70.6%) had ERMS and 15 (29.4%) had ARMS; 80% of the ARMS patients had stage IV disease. The incidences of bone and bone marrow metastases were 21.6% and 19.6%, respectively, and these results were higher than previously reported results. Of the 40 patients who underwent bone marrow cytogenetic investigation, five patients had chromosomal abnormalities associated with the 13q14 rearrangement. Patients with a chromosomal abnormality (15 vs 61 months, P=0.037) and bone marrow involvement (17 vs 61 months, P=0.033) had a significantly shorter median OS than those without such characteristics. Two novel rearrangements associated with the 13q14 locus were detected. One patient with concomitant MYCN amplification and PAX3/FOXO1 fusion showed an aggressive clinical course. CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive approach involving conventional cytogenetics and FOXO1 FISH of the bone marrow is needed to assess high-risk ARMS patients and identify novel cytogenetic findings.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Rabdomiossarcoma/patologia , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 13 , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , República da Coreia , Rabdomiossarcoma/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(3): 1036-1049.e5, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunodysregulation polyendocrinopathy enteropathy x-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a monogenic autoimmune disease caused by FOXP3 mutations. Because it is a rare disease, the natural history and response to treatments, including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and immunosuppression (IS), have not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVE: This analysis sought to evaluate disease onset, progression, and long-term outcome of the 2 main treatments in long-term IPEX survivors. METHODS: Clinical histories of 96 patients with a genetically proven IPEX syndrome were collected from 38 institutions worldwide and retrospectively analyzed. To investigate possible factors suitable to predict the outcome, an organ involvement (OI) scoring system was developed. RESULTS: We confirm neonatal onset with enteropathy, type 1 diabetes, and eczema. In addition, we found less common manifestations in delayed onset patients or during disease evolution. There is no correlation between the site of mutation and the disease course or outcome, and the same genotype can present with variable phenotypes. HSCT patients (n = 58) had a median follow-up of 2.7 years (range, 1 week-15 years). Patients receiving chronic IS (n = 34) had a median follow-up of 4 years (range, 2 months-25 years). The overall survival after HSCT was 73.2% (95% CI, 59.4-83.0) and after IS was 65.1% (95% CI, 62.8-95.8). The pretreatment OI score was the only significant predictor of overall survival after transplant (P = .035) but not under IS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving chronic IS were hampered by disease recurrence or complications, impacting long-term disease-free survival. When performed in patients with a low OI score, HSCT resulted in disease resolution with better quality of life, independent of age, donor source, or conditioning regimen.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/congênito , Diarreia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/congênito , Imunossupressão , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia/imunologia , Diarreia/mortalidade , Diarreia/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/mortalidade , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/genética , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/mortalidade , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/terapia , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 148(1): 64-72, 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28927163

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the frequency and clinicopathologic characteristics of RUNX1 mutations, focusing on patients with acute myeloid leukemia not otherwise specified (AML NOS). Methods: Diagnostic samples from 219 patients with AML NOS were analyzed for RUNX1 mutations using standard polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Results: Thirty-one RUNX1 mutations were detected in 33 (15.1%) patients. Mutations clustered in the Runt homology (61.3%) and transactivation domains (25.8%). Frameshift mutations were most common (51.6%), followed by missense (41.9%) and nonsense (6.5%) mutations. Patients with RUNX1 mutations had a lower platelet count (P = .013) and shorter relapse-free survival (P = .045) than those without. The presence of RUNX1 and NPM1 or CEBPA mutations was mutually exclusive. A literature review, including our study, showed that patients with RUNX1 mutations were associated with intermediate risk; coexisting mutations such as FLT3-ITD, ASXL1, TET2, and DNMT3A; and a relatively cytogenetic heterogeneity. Conclusions: Our findings strengthen previous data concerning RUNX1 mutations in AML and support the notion that RUNX1 mutational status should be integrated into a diagnostic workup of AML, particularly for AML NOS or an intermediate-risk group.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Alelos , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
19.
Pediatr Transplant ; 21(7)2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762602

RESUMO

Intensified chemotherapy, HSCT, and supportive care improve the survival of pediatric patients with AML. However, no consensus has been reached regarding the role of HSCT in patients without favorable cytogenetics. We evaluated OS and EFS according to prognostic factors that affect clinical outcomes, including cytogenetics risk group, conditioning regimen, donor type, disease status at the time of HSCT, and number of chemotherapy cycles prior to HSCT in 65 pediatric patients with AML without favorable cytogenetics who underwent HSCT. Fifteen of the 65 patients died: three of TRM and 12 of disease-related mortality. The 5-year OS and EFS were 78.0% and 72.0%, respectively, and the 5-year cumulative relapse and TRM rates were 26.9% and 5.1%, respectively. Survival rates were not influenced by cytogenetic group (intermediated vs. poor), donor type (related vs. unrelated), transplant type (myeloablative vs. reduced-intensity conditioning), or number of pretransplant chemotherapy cycles (≤3 vs. >3 cycles). The low TRM rate and encouraging outcomes suggest that HSCT may be a feasible treatment for pediatric patients with AML without favorable cytogenetics.


Assuntos
Cariótipo Anormal , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Korean Med Sci ; 32(8): 1304-1311, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28665067

RESUMO

Primary airway tumors are rare in children and no literature reviewed their characteristics each location. We evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Korean children with primary airway tumors, from the larynx to bronchi. A retrospective chart review of children with primary tumors of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi at Asan Medical Center from January 2000 to July 2016 was conducted. Nineteen children were diagnosed with primary airway tumors of the larynx (47.4%), trachea (10.5%), and bronchi (42.1%). Median follow-up duration was 2.8 years and there were recurrences in 21.1%. Laryngeal tumors were associated with a younger median age at onset (2 months) and diagnosis (4 months), and most were relatively small (median size = 5.3 mm) and symptomatic. Tracheal and bronchial tumors were found in older children (age at onset and diagnosis > 11 years) and large (> 15.0 mm). Most (75%) patients with bronchial tumors were asymptomatic and all the patients with tracheal tumors were symptomatic. This study suggests that we should consider different the locations in primary airway tumor based on the age at onset and diagnosis, initial symptoms or signs, and size of tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Broncoscopia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Laringoscopia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias do Sistema Respiratório/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neoplasias da Traqueia/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA