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Mol Brain ; 12(1): 9, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700334


Correction to: Molecular Brain (2018) 11:52 publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that the article was mistakenly submitted with the omission of two authors: Feng Cao and Zhengping Jia. The authors declare that this was an error made in good faith. The corrected author list and list of affiliations are used in this Correction. The changes made to the author list and list of affiliations are also listed below, as well as the revised 'Acknowledgements' section and 'Authors' contributions' section.

Brain Res ; 1700: 19-30, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420052


The present study was undertaken because no previous developmental studies exist on MCH neurons in any avian species. After validating a commercially-available antibody for use in chickens, immunohistochemical examinations first detected MCH neurons around embryonic day (E) 8 in the posterior hypothalamus. This population increased thereafter, reaching a numerical maximum by E20. MCH-positive cell bodies were found only in the posterior hypothalamus at all ages examined, restricted to a region showing very little overlap with the locations of hypocretin/orexin (H/O) neurons. Chickens had fewer MCH than H/O neurons, and MCH neurons also first appeared later in development than H/O neurons (the opposite of what has been found in rodents). MCH neurons appeared to originate from territories within the hypothalamic periventricular organ that partially overlap with the source of diencephalic serotonergic neurons. Chicken MCH fibers developed exuberantly during the second half of embryonic development, and they became abundant in the same brain areas as in rodents, including the hypothalamus (by E12), locus coeruleus (by E12), dorsal raphe nucleus (by E20) and septum (by E20). These observations suggest that MCH cells may play different roles during development in chickens and rodents; but once they have developed, MCH neurons exhibit similar phenotypes in birds and rodents.

Mol Brain ; 11(1): 52, 2018 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30231918


Sleep disorders are comorbid with most psychiatric disorders, but the link between these is not well understood. Neuroligin-2 (NLGN2) is a cell adhesion molecule that plays roles in synapse formation and neurotransmission. Moreover, NLGN2 has been associated with psychiatric disorders, but its implication in sleep remains underexplored. In the present study, the effect of Nlgn2 knockout (Nlgn2-/-) on sleep architecture and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in mice has been investigated. The EEG and electromyogram (EMG) were recorded in Nlgn2-/- mice and littermates for 24 h from which three vigilance states (i.e., wakefulness, rapid eye movement [REM] sleep, non-REM [NREM] sleep) were visually identified. Spectral analysis of the EEG was performed for the three states. Nlgn2-/- mice showed more wakefulness and less NREM and REM sleep compared to wild-type (Nlgn2+/+) mice, especially during the dark period. This was accompanied by changes in the number and duration of individual episodes of wakefulness and sleep, indexing changes in state consolidation, as well as widespread changes in EEG spectral activity in all states. Abnormal 'hypersynchronized' EEG events have also been observed predominantly in Nlgn2-/- mice. These events were mainly observed during wakefulness and REM sleep. In addition, Nlgn2-/- mice showed alterations in the daily time course of NREM sleep delta (1-4 Hz) activity, pointing to modifications in the dynamics of sleep homeostasis. These data suggest that NLGN2 participates in the regulation of sleep duration as well as EEG activity during wakefulness and sleep.