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1.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; : e13139, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436897

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This review aimed to classify major patterns of cancer cure and discuss clinical implications. Patterns of cancer cure were identified, in terms of long-term survival and life expectancy, by means of two recently estimated indicators: cure fraction (CF) and time to cure (TTC). METHODS: We considered population-based studies reporting results for some cancer types on CF, defined as the proportion of patients who will reach the same life expectancy of the general population, or/and TTC, the time span necessary to experience a negligible excess mortality. TTC is obtained using conditional relative survival, which indicates the probability of surviving an additional y number of years, given that patients already survived x number of years. RESULTS: Four major patterns of cancer types emerged from published studies: (a) cancers with a CF > 60% and a TTC < 5 years (e.g., testicular, thyroid); (b) cancers with a CF between 20% and 50% and a TTC < 10 years (colon, rectum); (c) cancers showing a CF of approximately 50% and TTC > 10 years (breast, prostate and bladder); (d) cancers with a CF < 20% and uncertain TTC (lung or pancreas). CONCLUSION: Clinical and social impact of "cancer cure" categorisation are discussed in details. Recognising a cancer patient as cured represents an opportunity to improve their quality of life.

2.
J Occup Environ Med ; 61(5): 397-404, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between head and neck cancer (HNC) risk and occupations. METHODS: We harmonized data on occupations in a pooled analysis of 8839 HNC cases and 13,730 controls in International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for associations of occupations and HNC risk. Population attributable fraction (PAF) for occupations was calculated using the formula PEC × (OR - 1)/OR. RESULTS: Trend of increasing HNC risk was found with increasing duration of employment for many occupations, including cooks (OR = 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09 to 1.68), cleaners (OR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.13 to 1.69), painters (OR = 1.82; 95% CI 1.42 to 2.35). The PAF for a priori occupations was 14.5% (95% CI 7.1% to 21.9%) for HNC. CONCLUSIONS: We found associations between certain occupations and HNC risks, including for subsites, with a duration-response relationship.

3.
Cancer Med ; 8(9): 4497-4507, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence of cure for some neoplasms has emerged in recent years. The study aimed to estimate population-based indicators of cancer cure. METHODS: Information on more than half a million cancer patients aged 15-74 years collected by population-based Italian cancer registries and mixture cure models were used to estimate the life expectancy of fatal tumors (LEFT), proportions of patients with similar death rates of the general population (cure fraction), and time to reach 5-year conditional relative survival (CRS) >90% or 95% (time to cure). RESULTS: Between 1990 and 2000, the median LEFT increased >1 year for breast (from 8.1 to 9.4 years) and prostate cancers (from 5.2 to 7.4 years). Median LEFT in 1990 was >5 years for testicular cancers (5.8) and Hodgkin lymphoma (6.3) below 45 years of age. In both sexes, it was ≤0.5 years for pancreatic cancers and NHL in 1990 and in 2000. The cure fraction showed a 10% increase between 1990 and 2000. It was 95% for thyroid cancer in women, 94% for testis, 75% for prostate, 67% for breast cancers, and <20% for liver, lung, and pancreatic cancers. Time to 5-year CRS >95% was <10 years for testis, thyroid, colon cancers, and melanoma. For breast and prostate cancers, the 5-year CRS >90% was reached in <10 years but a small excess remained for >15 years. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings confirmed that several cancer types are curable. Became aware of the possibility of cancer cure has relevant clinical and social impacts.

4.
Oral Oncol ; 94: 47-57, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at re-evaluating the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between the combined (or joint) effect of intensity and duration of cigarette smoking and the risk of head and neck cancer (HNC). We explored this issue considering bivariate spline models, where smoking intensity and duration were treated as interacting continuous exposures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We pooled individual-level data from 33 case-control studies (18,260 HNC cases and 29,844 controls) participating in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium. In bivariate regression spline models, exposures to cigarette smoking intensity and duration (compared with never smokers) were modeled as a linear piecewise function within a logistic regression also including potential confounders. We jointly estimated the optimal knot locations and regression parameters within the Bayesian framework. RESULTS: For oral-cavity/pharyngeal (OCP) cancers, an odds ratio (OR) >5 was reached after 30 years in current smokers of ∼20 or more cigarettes/day. Patterns of OCP cancer risk in current smokers differed across strata of alcohol intensity. For laryngeal cancer, ORs >20 were found for current smokers of ≥20 cigarettes/day for ≥30  years. In former smokers who quit ≥10  years ago, the ORs were approximately halved for OCP cancers, and ∼1/3 for laryngeal cancer, as compared to the same levels of intensity and duration in current smokers. CONCLUSION: Referring to bivariate spline models, this study better quantified the joint effect of intensity and duration of cigarette smoking on HNC risk, further stressing the need of smoking cessation policies.

5.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(8): 889-900, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165419

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a pooled analysis assessing the association of blood transfusion with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: We used harmonized data from 13 case-control studies (10,805 cases, 14,026 controls) in the InterLymph Consortium. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression, adjusted for study design variables. RESULTS: Among non-Hispanic whites (NHW), history of any transfusion was inversely associated with NHL risk for men (OR 0.74; 95% CI 0.65-0.83) but not women (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.83-1.03), pheterogeneity = 0.014. Transfusion history was not associated with risk in other racial/ethnic groups. There was no trend with the number of transfusions, time since first transfusion, age at first transfusion, or decade of first transfusion, and further adjustment for socioeconomic status, body mass index, smoking, alcohol use, and HCV seropositivity did not alter the results. Associations for NHW men were stronger in hospital-based (OR 0.56; 95% CI 0.45-0.70) but still apparent in population-based (OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.72-0.98) studies. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of a literature reporting mainly null and some positive associations, and the lack of a clear methodologic explanation for our inverse association restricted to NHW men, the current body of evidence suggests that there is no association of blood transfusion with risk of NHL.

6.
Stat Methods Med Res ; : 962280219848471, 2019 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074326

RESUMO

The attributable fraction is the candidate tool to quantify individual shares of each risk factor on the disease burden in a population, expressing the proportion of cases ascribable to the risk factors. The original formula ignored the presence of other factors (i.e. multiple risk factors and/or confounders), and several adjusting methods for potential confounders have been proposed. However, crude and adjusted attributable fractions do not sum up to their joint attributable fraction (i.e. the number of cases attributable to all risk factors together) and their sum may exceed one. A different approach consists of partitioning the joint attributable fraction into exposure-specific shares leading to sequential and average attributable fractions. We provide an example using Italian case-control data on oral cavity cancer comparing crude, adjusted, sequential, and average attributable fractions for smoking and alcohol and provide an overview of the available software routines for their estimation. For each method, we give interpretation and discuss shortcomings. Crude and adjusted attributable fractions added up over than one, whereas sequential and average methods added up to the joint attributable fraction = 0.8112 (average attributable fractions for smoking and alcohol were 0.4894 and 0.3218, respectively). The attributable fraction is a well-known epidemiological measure that translates risk factors prevalence and disease occurrence in useful figures for a public health perspective. This work endorses their proper use and interpretation.

7.
Nutrition ; 63-64: 205-210, 2019 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the association between the inflammatory potential of one's diet and cancer risk varies across age groups in a population characterized by widespread use of the Mediterranean diet. METHODS: We analyzed data from a network of case-control studies conducted in Italy between 1991 and 2014. The studies included cancers of the oral cavity (n = 509), pharynx (n = 436), nasopharynx (n = 198), larynx (n = 459), esophagus (n = 304), stomach (n = 230), colon (n = 1225), rectum (n = 728), liver (n = 184), pancreas (n = 326), breast (n = 2569), endometrium (n = 454), ovary (n = 1031), prostate (n = 1294), kidney (n = 767), and bladder (n = 690). Controls were 13 563 patients hospitalized for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. Dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores were computed based on 31 food parameters assessed using a reproducible and validated food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios were estimated through logistic regression models adjusting for recognized confounding factors. RESULTS: The DII increased with age, with lower scores among men than women, in individuals located in northern rather than in central or southern Italy, and in controls more than in cancer cases. After adjustment for cancer-specific potential confounders, an increasing DII score was directly associated with cancer risk for all considered cancer sites, except for liver and endometrium. Although the DII level varied across age groups, no heterogeneity in cancer risk emerged for any of the considered cancer sites. CONCLUSIONS: In the Italian population, DII scores were higher in elderly than in middle-aged individuals. Although not directly affecting cancer risk, this finding may have important implications for the older population because elevated DII scores, indicating a proinflammatory diet, also have been associated with frailty.

8.
Tumori ; 105(4): 296-303, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of thyroid cancer (TC) increased in the last decades worldwide. This study aimed to describe TC incidence in the Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region, to estimate the quota of overdiagnosis, and to investigate the impact of surgery on long-term survival after TC diagnosis. METHODS: TC cases reported to the FVG population-based cancer registry during 2002-2013, aged <85 years, were included. Age standardized rates (ASR) on the European population were computed, while proportion of TC overdiagnosis was estimated in comparison with expected age-specific incidence rates from published time series. Adjusted hazard ratios of death, with 95% confidence intervals, were also estimated. RESULTS: During 2002-2013, 1701 TC cases were reported to the FVG cancer registry, with papillary TC (78.2%) as the most frequent histologic type. ASR increased from 12.4 to 16.5 in women and from 4.3 to 6.2 in men (+33.1% and +44.2%, respectively). Overdiagnosis was estimated as 79% of TC cases in women and 64% in men. Almost all TC cases (97.1%) underwent surgery, including 84.6% of women and 78.9% of men who underwent total thyroidectomy. Up to 10 years after TC diagnosis, the type of surgery did not appear to influence survival. CONCLUSIONS: This study documented an increase in TC incidence in FVG in the last decade, with overdiagnosis accounting for a large proportion of TC diagnoses and total thyroidectomy in more than 80% of cases. These findings suggest reconsidering thyroid screening practice and aggressive therapeutic strategies, as recommended by new TC guidelines.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Sobremedicalização , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(5): 527-535, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Flavonoids have drawn attention because of their antioxidant capacity and anti-carcinogenic effect in various types of cancer. A limited number of studies has investigated their potential effect on the risk of bladder cancer, with inconsistent results. METHODS: We analyzed data from an Italian case-control study including 690 incident bladder cancer cases and 665 controls admitted to the same network of hospitals for acute, non-neoplastic, non tobacco-related diseases. Subjects were interviewed using a reproducible and validated food-frequency questionnaire. We applied data on food and beverage composition to estimate the intake of isoflavones, anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, flavanones, flavones and flavonols. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) through multiple logistic regression models, including terms for potential confounding factors, including tobacco smoking and total energy intake. RESULTS: We found an inverse association between isoflavones (OR for the highest compared to the lowest quintile of intake = 0.56, 95% CI 0.37-0.84) and flavones (OR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.44-0.95) and bladder cancer. Non-significant inverse association was found for flavan-3-ols (OR = 0.70), flavonols (OR = 0.85) and total flavonoids (OR = 0.76). The results were consistent for non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive bladder cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate an inverse association between isoflavones and flavones with respect to bladder cancer risk.


Assuntos
Dieta , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Idoso , Antocianinas/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Isoflavonas/administração & dosagem , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
10.
Med Oncol ; 36(4): 31, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815763

RESUMO

Improvements in prognosis of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have paralleled with an increase in health-care costs, so that an economic evaluation is of growing importance. Presently, most of the evidence is from insurance-based studies in the USA. Between 2007 and 2010, 879 HNSCC patients were identified through the population-based cancer registry of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, including 266 oral, 187 oropharyngeal, 136 hypopharyngeal, and 290 laryngeal cancers. Health-care costs from diagnosis to treatment initiation and in the following 2 years were retrieved through a record linkage with the regional health data warehouse. This database collected comprehensive health information on all resident citizens. Generalized linear models with a gamma distribution and log-link function were applied to model costs. The average health-care cost from diagnosis up to 2 years after treatment initiation was €20,184 (95% confidence interval: €19,634 - 20,733). Heterogeneity emerged according to cancer site, elective treatment, and retreatment for cancer persistence/recurrence (no: €13,896; yes: €24,599; p < 0.001). An advanced stage was associated with increased costs stage (I: €12,969; II: €18,276; III: €26,229; IV: €25,574; p < 0.001) as the result of treatment complexity and elevated frequency of patients retreatment due to recurrence. These findings further support strategies to diagnose patients at an earlier cancer stage and the accurate definition of diagnostic and treatment pathways, to start treating patients when radical unimodal approach is still feasible. Besides the advantage in prognosis due to timely curative treatments, this would reduce the economic burden of cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/economia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/economia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 107, 2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In southern Europe, the risk of cancer in patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving dialysis has not been well quantified. The aim of this study was to assess the overall pattern of risk for de novo malignancies (DNMs) among dialysis patients in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, north-eastern Italy. METHODS: A population-based cohort study among 3407 dialysis patients was conducted through a record linkage between local healthcare databases and the cancer registry (1998-2013). Person-years (PYs) were calculated from 30 days after the date of first dialysis to the date of DNM diagnosis, kidney transplant, death, last follow-up or December 31, 2013, whichever came first. The risk of DNM, as compared to the general population, was estimated using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During 10,798 PYs, 357 DNMs were diagnosed in 330 dialysis patients. A higher than expected risk of 1.3-fold was found for all DNMs combined (95% CI: 1.15-1.43). The risk was particularly high in younger dialysis patients (SIR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.42-2.45 for age 40-59 years), and it decreased with age. Moreover, significantly increased DNM risks emerged during the first 3 years since dialysis initiation, especially within the first year (SIR = 8.52, 95% CI: 6.89-10.41). Elevated excess risks were observed for kidney (SIR = 3.18; 95% CI: 2.06-4.69), skin non-melanoma (SIR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.46-2.22), oral cavity (SIR = 2.42, 95% CI: 1.36-4.00), and Kaposi's sarcoma (SIR = 10.29, 95% CI: 1.25-37.16). CONCLUSIONS: The elevated risk for DNM herein documented suggest the need to implement a targeted approach to cancer prevention and control in dialysis patients.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 144(2): 232-239, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30091809

RESUMO

In the setting of liver transplant (LT), the survival after the diagnosis of de novo malignancies (DNMs) has been poorly investigated. In this study, we assessed the impact of DNMs on survival of LT recipients as compared to corresponding LT recipients without DNM. A nested case-control study was conducted in a cohort of 2,818 LT recipients enrolled in nine Italian centres between 1985 and 2014. Cases were 244 LT recipients who developed DNMs after LT. For each case, two controls matched for gender, age, and year at transplant were selected by incidence density sampling among cohort members without DNM. The survival probabilities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Hazard ratios (HRs) of death and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard models. The all-cancer 10-year survival was 43% in cases versus 70% in controls (HR = 4.66; 95% CI: 3.17-6.85). Survival was impaired in cases for all the most frequent cancer types, including lung (HR = 37.13; 95% CI: 4.98-276.74), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HR = 6.57; 95% CI: 2.15-20.01), head and neck (HR = 4.65; 95% CI: 1.81-11.95), and colon-rectum (HR = 3.61; 95% CI: 1.08-12.07). The survival gap was observed for both early and late mortality, although the effect was more pronounced in the first year after cancer diagnosis. No significant differences in survival emerged for Kaposi's sarcoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers. The survival gap herein quantified included a broad range of malignancies following LT and prompts close monitoring during the post-transplant follow-up to ensure early cancer diagnosis and to improve survival.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Transplantados , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
14.
Nutrients ; 10(8)2018 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103393

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that Mediterranean diet is inversely related to the risk of several neoplasms; however, limited epidemiological data are available for bladder cancer. Thus, we examined the association between Mediterranean diet and this neoplasm in an Italian multicentric case-control study consisting of 690 bladder cancer cases and 665 controls. We assessed the adherence to the Mediterranean diet via a Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), which represents the major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet and ranges from 0 to 9 (from minimal to maximal adherence, respectively). We derived odds ratios (ORs) of bladder cancer according to the MDS score from multiple logistic regression models, allowing for major confounding factors. The ORs of bladder cancer were 0.72 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.54⁻0.98) for MDS of 4⁻5 and 0.66 (95% CI, 0.47⁻0.93) for MDS of 6⁻9 (p for trend = 0.02) compared to MDS = 0⁻3. Results were similar in strata of sex, age, and education, while the risk appeared somewhat lower in never-smokers and patients with pT1⁻pT4 bladder carcinomas. Among individual components of the MDS, we observed inverse associations for greater consumption of legumes, vegetables, and fish. In our study, which was carried out on an Italian population, the higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet was related to a lower risk of bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Dieta Mediterrânea , Dieta Saudável , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fabaceae , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Nutritivo , Prognóstico , Fatores de Proteção , Recomendações Nutricionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Alimentos Marinhos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Verduras
16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 18(1): 428, 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases, chiefly cancers and circulatory system diseases (CSDs), have become the leading non-AIDS-related causes of death among HIV-infected people, as in the general population. After our previous report of an excess mortality for several non-AIDS-defining cancers, we now aim to assess whether people with AIDS (PWA) experience also an increased mortality for CSDs and diabetes mellitus (DM), as compared to the non-AIDS general population (non-PWA). METHODS: A nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted including 5285 Italians, aged 15-74 years, who were diagnosed with AIDS between 2006 and 2011. Multiple cause-of-death (MCoD) data, i.e. all conditions reported in death certificates, were retrieved through record-linkage with the National Register of Causes of Death up to 2011. Using MCoD data, sex- and age-standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by dividing the observed number of PWA reporting a specific disease among MCoD to the expected number, estimated on the basis of mortality rates (based on MCoD) of non-PWA. RESULTS: Among 1229 deceased PWA, CSDs were mentioned in 201 (16.4%) certificates and DM in 46 (3.7%) certificates among the various causes of death. These values corresponded to a 13-fold higher mortality related to CSDs (95% CI 10.8-14.4) and DM (95% CI: 9.5-17.4) as compared to 952,019 deceased non-PWA. Among CSDs, statistically significant excess mortality emerged for hypertension (23 deaths, SMR = 6.3, 95% CI: 4.0-9.4), ischemic heart diseases (39 deaths, SMR = 6.1, 95% CI: 4.4-8.4), other forms of heart diseases (88 deaths, SMR = 13.4, 95% CI: 10.8-16.5), and cerebrovascular diseases (42 deaths, SMR = 13.4, 95% CI: 9.7-18.2). The SMRs were particularly elevated among PWA aged < 50 years and those infected through drug injection. CONCLUSIONS: The use of MCoD data disclosed the fairly high mortality excess related to several CSDs and DM among Italian PWA as compared to non-PWA. Study findings also indicate to start preventive strategies for such diseases at a younger age among AIDS patients than in the general population and with focus on drug users.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Causas de Morte , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Angiopatias Diabéticas/complicações , Angiopatias Diabéticas/mortalidade , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/mortalidade , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMJ Open ; 8(7): e019264, 2018 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30037859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define the accuracy of administrative datasets to identify primary diagnoses of breast cancer based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 9th or 10th revision codes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library (April 2017). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The inclusion criteria were: (a) the presence of a reference standard; (b) the presence of at least one accuracy test measure (eg, sensitivity) and (c) the use of an administrative database. DATA EXTRACTION: Eligible studies were selected and data extracted independently by two reviewers; quality was assessed using the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy criteria. DATA ANALYSIS: Extracted data were synthesised using a narrative approach. RESULTS: From 2929 records screened 21 studies were included (data collection period between 1977 and 2011). Eighteen studies evaluated ICD-9 codes (11 of which assessed both invasive breast cancer (code 174.x) and carcinoma in situ (ICD-9 233.0)); three studies evaluated invasive breast cancer-related ICD-10 codes. All studies except one considered incident cases.The initial algorithm results were: sensitivity ≥80% in 11 of 17 studies (range 57%-99%); positive predictive value was ≥83% in 14 of 19 studies (range 15%-98%) and specificity ≥98% in 8 studies. The combination of the breast cancer diagnosis with surgical procedures, chemoradiation or radiation therapy, outpatient data or physician claim may enhance the accuracy of the algorithms in some but not all circumstances. Accuracy for breast cancer based on outpatient or physician's data only or breast cancer diagnosis in secondary position diagnosis resulted low. CONCLUSION: Based on the retrieved evidence, administrative databases can be employed to identify primary breast cancer. The best algorithm suggested is ICD-9 or ICD-10 codes located in primary position. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42015026881.

18.
BMJ Open ; 8(7): e020627, 2018 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30037866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in identifying patients diagnosed with incident carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer in three Italian administrative databases. DESIGN: A diagnostic accuracy study comparing ICD-9-CM codes for carcinoma in situ (233.0) and for invasive breast cancer (174.x) with medical chart (as a reference standard). Case definition: (1) presence of a primary nodular lesion in the breast and (2) cytological or histological documentation of cancer from a primary or metastatic site. SETTING: Administrative databases from Umbria Region, Azienda Sanitaria Locale (ASL) Napoli 3 Sud (NA) and Friuli VeneziaGiulia (FVG) Region. PARTICIPANTS: Women with breast carcinoma in situ (n=246) or invasive breast cancer (n=384) diagnosed (in primary position) between 2012 and 2014. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensitivity and specificity for codes 233.0 and 174.x. RESULTS: For invasive breast cancer the sensitivities were 98% (95% CI 93% to 99%) for Umbria, 96% (95% CI 91% to 99%) for NA and 100% (95% CI 97% to 100%) for FVG. Specificities were 90% (95% CI 82% to 95%) for Umbria, 91% (95% CI 83% to 96%) for NA and 91% (95% CI 84% to 96%) for FVG.For carcinoma in situ the sensitivities were 100% (95% CI 93% to 100%) for Umbria, 100% (95% CI 95% to 100%) for NA and 100% (95% CI 96% to 100%) for FVG. Specificities were 98% (95% CI 93% to 100%) for Umbria, 86% (95% CI 78% to 92%) for NA and 90% (95% CI 82% to 95%) for FVG. CONCLUSIONS: Administrative healthcare databases from Umbria, NA and FVG are accurate in identifying hospitalised news cases of carcinoma of the breast. The proposed case definition is a powerful tool to perform research on large populations of newly diagnosed patients with breast cancer.

19.
BMJ Open ; 8(7): e020630, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980543

RESUMO

Objectives To assess the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision - Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in identifying subjects with colorectal cancer. DESIGN: A diagnostic accuracy study comparing ICD-9-CM codes (index test) for colorectal cancers with medical chart (as a reference standard). Case ascertainment based on neoplastic lesion(s) within the colon/rectum and histological documentation from a primary or metastatic site positive for colorectal cancer. SETTING: Administrative databases from the Umbria region, Azienda Sanitaria Locale (ASL) Napoli 3 Sud (NA) region and Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region. PARTICIPANTS: We randomly selected 130 incident patients from each hospital discharge database, admitted between 2012 and 2014, having colorectal cancer ICD-9 codes located in primary position, and 94 non-cases, that is, patients having a diagnosis of cancer (ICD-9 140-239) other than colorectal cancer in primary position. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values for 153.x code (colon cancer) and for 154.x code (rectal cancer). RESULTS: The positive predictive value (PPV) for colon cancer diagnoses was 80% for Umbria (95% CI 73% to 87%), 81% for NA (95% CI 73% to 88%) and 80% for FVG (95% CI 72% to 87%).The sensitivity ranged from 98% to 99%, while the specificity ranged from 78% to 80% in the three units.For rectal cancer, the PPV was 84% for Umbria (95% CI 77% to 90%), 80% for NA (95% CI 72% to 87%) and 81% for FVG (95% CI 73% to 87%). The sensitivities ranged from 98% to 100%, while the specificity estimates from 79% to 82%. CONCLUSIONS: Administrative databases in Italy can be a valuable tool for cancer surveillance as well as monitoring geographical and temporal variation of cancer practice.

20.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 632, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29866055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within a dramatic socio-political context, cancer represents a growing health burden in the Gaza Strip. We investigated the survival experience of people diagnosed with breast (BC) or colorectal (CRC) cancer from 2005 to 2014. METHODS: Data included 1360 BC cases (median age 55.1 years) and 722 CRC cases (median age: 59.5 years; 52.5% men) recorded by the Gaza Cancer Registry according to a standard protocol. Clinical information was available for cases diagnosed in 2005-2006 only. Survival probabilities were estimated by Kaplan-Meyer method, while hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusted for age and sex, were computed to assess factors associated with the risk of death. RESULTS: Five-year survival was 65.1% for women with BC and 50.2% for patients with CRC. Advanced age (> 65 years), stage, and grade increased the death risk. Full access to therapies was associated with a reduced risk of death as compared with patients who had limited access (HR = 0.26, 95% CI:0.13-0.51 for BC; and HR = 0.11, 95% CI:0.04-0.31 for CRC). CONCLUSION(S): The 5-year survival after BC or CRC in the Gaza Strip was in line with estimates from surrounding Arab countries, but it was much lower than in developed Mediterranean countries (e.g., in Italy or in Jewish people in Israel).

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