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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(1): e1919666, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968117

RESUMO

Importance: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values are used to guide glycemic control, but in patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), the association of the longitudinal values of HbA1c with cardiovascular outcomes is unclear. Objective: To assess whether longitudinal variation of HbA1c is associated with cardiovascular events in long-term follow-up among patients with diabetes and multivessel CAD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 888 patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD in the Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study (MASS) Registry of the Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo from January 2003 to December 2007. Data were analyzed from January 15, 2018, to October 15, 2019. Exposure: Longitudinal HbA1c values. Main Outcomes and Measures: The combined outcome of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Results: Of 888 patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD, 725 (81.6%; median [range] age, 62.4 [55.7-68.0] years; 467 [64.4%] men) had complete clinical and HbA1c information during a median (interquartile range) follow-up period of 10.0 (8.0-12.3) years, with a mean (SD) of 9.5 (3.8) HbA1c values for each patient. The composite end point of death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke occurred in 262 patients (36.1%). A 1-point increase in the longitudinal value of HbA1c was significantly associated with a 14% higher risk of the combined end point of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke (hazard ratio, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.04-1.24; P = .002) in the unadjusted analysis. After adjusting for baseline factors (ie, age, sex, 2-vessel or 3-vessel CAD, initial CAD treatments, ejection fraction, and creatinine and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels), a 1-point increase in the longitudinal value of HbA1c was associated with a 22% higher risk of the combined end point (hazard ratio, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.35; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Longitudinal increase of HbA1c was independently associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes and multivessel CAD.

2.
Bernoche, Claudia; Timerman, Sergio; Polastri, Thatiane Facholi; Giannetti, Natali Schiavo; Siqueira, Adailson Wagner da Silva; Piscopo, Agnaldo; Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Reis, Amélia Gorete Afonso da Costa; Tanaka, Ana Cristina Sayuri; Thomaz, Ana Maria; Quilici, Ana Paula; Catarino, Andrei Hilário; Ribeiro, Anna Christina de Lima; Barreto, Antonio Carlos Pereira; Azevedo, Antonio Fernando Barros de Filho; Pazin, Antonio Filho; Timerman, Ari; Scarpa, Bruna Romanelli; Timerman, Bruno; Tavares, Caio de Assis Moura; Martins, Cantidio Soares Lemos; Serrano, Carlos Vicente Junior; Malaque, Ceila Maria Sant'Ana; Pisani, Cristiano Faria; Batista, Daniel Valente; Leandro, Daniela Luana Fernandes; Szpilman, David; Gonçalves, Diego Manoel; Paiva, Edison Ferreira de; Osawa, Eduardo Atsushi; Lima, Eduardo Gomes; Adam, Eduardo Leal; Peixoto, Elaine; Evaristo, Eli Faria; Azeka, Estela; Silva, Fabio Bruno da; Wen, Fan Hui; Ferreira, Fatima Gil; Lima, Felipe Gallego; Fernandes, Felipe Lourenço; Ganem, Fernando; Galas, Filomena Regina Barbosa Gomes; Tarasoutchi, Flavio; Souza, Germano Emilio Conceição; Feitosa, Gilson Soares Filho; Foronda, Gustavo; Guimarães, Helio Penna; Abud, Isabela Cristina Kirnew; Leite, Ivanhoé Stuart Lima; Linhares, Jaime Paula Pessoa Filho; Moraes, Junior João Batista de Moura Xavier; Falcão, João Luiz Alencar de Araripe; Ramires, Jose Antônio Franchini; Cavalini, José Fernando; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Abrão, Karen Cristine; Pinto, Lecio Figueira; Bianchi, Leonardo Luís Torres; Lopes, Leonardo Nícolau Geisler Daud; Piegas, Leopoldo Soares; Kopel, Liliane; Godoy, Lucas Colombo; Tobase, Lucia; Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Dallan, Luís Augusto Palma; Caneo, Luiz Fernando; Cardoso, Luiz Francisco; Canesin, Manoel Fernandes; Park, Marcelo; Rabelo, Marcia Maria Noya; Malachias, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar; Gonçalves, Maria Aparecida Batistão; Almeida, Maria Fernanda Branco de; Souza, Maria Francilene Silva; Favarato, Maria Helena Sampaio; Carrion, Maria Julia Machline; Gonzalez, Maria Margarita; Bortolotto, Maria Rita de Figueiredo Lemos; Macatrão-Costa, Milena Frota; Shimoda, Mônica Satsuki; Oliveira-Junior, Mucio Tavares de; Ikari, Nana Miura; Dutra, Oscar Pereira; Berwanger, Otávio; Pinheiro, Patricia Ana Paiva Corrêa; Reis, Patrícia Feitosa Frota dos; Cellia, Pedro Henrique Moraes; Santos Filho, Raul Dias dos; Gianotto-Oliveira, Renan; Kalil Filho, Roberto; Guinsburg, Ruth; Managini, Sandrigo; Lage, Silvia Helena Gelas; Yeu, So Pei; Franchi, Sonia Meiken; Shimoda-Sakano, Tania; Accorsi, Tarso Duenhas; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci; Guimarães, Vanessa; Sallai, Vanessa Santos; Ávila, Walkiria Samuel; Sako, Yara Kimiko.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 449-663, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1038561
3.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(3): 1005-1015, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019790

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia is considered the cornerstone of the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Although the deleterious effects of myocardial infarction, the maximum expression of ischemia, have been extensively studied and described, the clinical effects of chronic, documented myocardial ischemia are not completely clarified. The first studies that compared therapies for coronary disease focused on the presence of anatomical features and assessed ischemia based on the interpretation of the findings of obstructive atherosclerotic lesions. They suggested that revascularization interventions did not confer any clinical advantage over medical therapy (MT), in terms of cardiac or overall death. Other retrospective studies that were dedicated to assessing the impact of documented stress-induced ischemia on cardiovascular outcomes have suggested a prognostic impact of chronic ischemia. However, this has been questioned in recent studies. Moreover, the previous understanding that chronic ischemia could lead to worsening of ventricular function was not confirmed in a recent study. Thus, the prognostic significance of stress-induced ischemia has been questioned. Regarding treatment options, although some previous analyses have suggested that interventional therapies would reduce cardiovascular events in CAD patients with documented ischemia, recent post-hoc studies and metanalysis have shown distinct results. In this review article, the authors discuss myocardial ischemia, the different responses of the myocardium to ischemic insults, ischemic preconditioning, and the main findings of recent studies about the clinical aspects and treatment of patients with chronic, documented myocardial ischemia.

4.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 110(1): 68-73, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538525

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite having higher sensitivity as compared to conventional troponins, sensitive troponins have lower specificity, mainly in patients with renal failure. OBJECTIVE: Study aimed at assessing the sensitive troponin I levels in patients with chest pain, and relating them to the existence of significant coronary lesions. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center, observational. This study included 991 patients divided into two groups: with (N = 681) and without (N = 310) significant coronary lesion. For posterior analysis, the patients were divided into two other groups: with (N = 184) and without (N = 807) chronic renal failure. The commercial ADVIA Centaur® TnI-Ultra assay (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics) was used. The ROC curve analysis was performed to identify the sensitivity and specificity of the best cutoff point of troponin as a discriminator of the probability of significant coronary lesion. The associations were considered significant when p < 0.05. RESULTS: The median age was 63 years, and 52% of the patients were of the male sex. The area under the ROC curve between the troponin levels and significant coronary lesions was 0.685 (95% CI: 0.65 - 0.72). In patients with or without renal failure, the areas under the ROC curve were 0.703 (95% CI: 0.66 - 0.74) and 0.608 (95% CI: 0.52 - 0.70), respectively. The best cutoff points to discriminate the presence of significant coronary lesion were: in the general population, 0.605 ng/dL (sensitivity, 63.4%; specificity, 67%); in patients without renal failure, 0.605 ng/dL (sensitivity, 62.7%; specificity, 71%); and in patients with chronic renal failure, 0.515 ng/dL (sensitivity, 80.6%; specificity, 42%). CONCLUSION: In patients with chest pain, sensitive troponin I showed a good correlation with significant coronary lesions when its level was greater than 0.605 ng/dL. In patients with chronic renal failure, a significant decrease in specificity was observed in the correlation of troponin levels and severe coronary lesions.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Dor no Peito/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(9): 793-800, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29239459

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction is a condition related to poor prognosis. There is a lack of robust evidence in many aspects related to this condition, from definition to treatment. Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a spectrum ranging from stunned myocardium associated with myocardial fibrosis to hibernating myocardium and repetitive episodes of ischemia. In clinical practice, relevance lies in identifying the myocardium that has the ability to recover its contractile reserve after revascularization. Methods to evaluate cellular integrity tend to have higher sensitivity, while the ones assessing contractile reserve have greater specificity, since a larger mass of viable myocytes is required in order to generate contractility change. Since there are many methods and different ways to detect viability, sensitivity and specificity vary widely. Dobutamine-cardiac magnetic resonance with late gadolinium enhancement has the best accuracy is this setting, giving important predictors of prognostic and revascularization benefit such as scar burden, contractile reserve and end-systolic volume index. The latter has shown differential benefit with revascularization in some recent trials. Finally, authors discuss interventional procedures in this population, focusing on coronary artery bypass grafting and evolution of evidence from CASS to post-STICH era.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 62(9): 879-885, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28001264

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and can lead to significant decline in functional status and quality of life among affected patients. The risk of developing AF increases with age and the presence of structural heart disease. Thus, the attendance of patients with high ventricular response to AF is common, which makes knowledge of its management mandatory. In this context, the choice of heart rate and/or rhythm control therapy is fundamental and complex, with multiple possibilities. Thus, this review aims to assist in the management of these patients, systematizing their care.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Disfunção Ventricular/terapia , Algoritmos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 107(6): 550-556, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28558085

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A recently published study raised doubts about the need for percutaneous treatment of nonculprit lesions in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: Retrospective, unicentric, observational study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term outcomes in patients undergoing treatment of the culprit artery, comparing those who remained with significant residual lesions in nonculprit arteries (group I) versus those without residual lesions in other coronary artery beds (group II). The study included 580 patients (284 in group I and 296 in group II) between May 2010 and May 2013. We obtained demographic and clinical data, as well as information regarding the coronary treatment administered to the patients. In the statistical analysis, the primary outcome included combined events (reinfarction/angina, death, heart failure, and need for reintervention). The comparison between groups was performed using the chi-square test and ANOVA. The long-term analysis was conducted with the Kaplan-Meier method, with a mean follow-up of 9.86 months. RESULTS: The mean ages were 63 years in group I and 62 years in group II. On long-term follow-up, there was no significant difference in combined events in groups I and II (31.9% versus 35.6%, respectively, p = 0.76). CONCLUSION: The strategy of treating the culprit artery alone seems safe. In this study, no long-term differences in combined endpoints were observed between patients who remained with significant lesions compared with those without other obstructions.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(3): 370-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26466059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In Brazil, there are few descriptions in the literature on the angiographic pattern and clinical characteristics of young patients with acute coronary syndrome, despite the evident number of cases in the population. The objective of this study was to evaluate which clinical characteristics are most closely related to the acute coronary syndrome in young patients, and what long-term outcomes are in this population. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study with 268 patients aged under 55 years with acute coronary syndrome, carried out between May 2010 and May 2013. Data were obtained on demographics, laboratory test and angiography results, and the coronary treatment adopted. Statistical analysis was presented as percentages and absolute values. RESULTS: Approximately 57% were men and the median age was 50 years (30 to 55). The main risk factors were arterial hypertension (68%), smoking (67%), and dyslipidemia (43%). Typical pain was present in 90% of patients. In young individuals, 25.7% showed ST segment elevation. Approximately 56.5% of patients presented with a single-vessel angiographic pattern. About 7.1% were submitted to coronary bypass surgery, and 42.1% to percutaneous coronary angioplasty. Intrahospital mortality was 1.5%, and the combined event rate (cerebrovascular accident/stroke, cardiogenic shock, reinfarction, and arrhythmias) was 13.8%. After a mean follow-up of 10 months, mortality was 9.8%, while 25.4% of the patients had new ischemic events, and 37.3% required readmission to hospital. CONCLUSION: In the short-term, young patients presented with mortality rates below what was expected when compared to the rates noted in other studies. However, there was a significant increase in the number of events in the 10-month follow-up.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/complicações , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 102(5 Suppl 1): 1-41, 2014 05.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27223869
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 101(6): 511-8, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24217405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well known that the occurrence of bleeding increases in-hospital mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and there is a good correlation between bleeding risk scores and bleeding incidence. However, the role of bleeding risk score as mortality predictor is poorly studied. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this paper was to analyze the role of bleeding risk score as in-hospital mortality predictor in a cohort of patients with ACS treated in a single cardiology tertiary center. METHODS: Out of 1655 patients with ACS (547 with ST-elevation ACS and 1118 with non-ST-elevation ACS), we calculated the ACUITY/HORIZONS bleeding score prospectively in 249 patients and retrospectively in the remaining 1416. Mortality information and hemorrhagic complications were also obtained. RESULTS: Among the mean age of 64.3 ± 12.6 years, the mean bleeding score was 18 ± 7.7. The correlation between bleeding and mortality was highly significant (p < 0.001, OR = 5.296), as well as the correlation between bleeding score and in-hospital bleeding (p < 0.001, OR = 1.058), and between bleeding score and in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR = 1.121, p < 0.001, area under the ROC curve 0.753, p < 0.001). The adjusted OR and area under the ROC curve for the population with ST-elevation ACS were, respectively, 1.046 (p = 0.046) and 0.686 ± 0.040 (p < 0.001); for non-ST-elevation ACS the figures were, respectively, 1.150 (p < 0.001) and 0.769 ± 0.036 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding risk score is a very useful and highly reliable predictor of in-hospital mortality in a wide range of patients with acute coronary syndromes, especially in those with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Angioplastia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Hemorragia/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
12.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 11(3): 376-82, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24136769

RESUMO

Vascular calcification in coronary artery disease is gaining importance, both in scientific research and in clinical and imaging applications. The calcified plaque is considered the most relevant form of atherosclerosis within the coronary artery tree and is frequently a challenge for percutaneous intervention. Recent studies showed that plaque calcification is dynamic and is strictly related to the degree of vascular inflammation. Several inflammatory factors produced during the different phases of atherosclerosis induce the expression and activation of osteoblastic cells located within the arterial wall, which, in turn, promote the deposit of calcium. The vascular smooth muscle cells have an extraordinary capacity to undergo osteoblastic phenotypical differentiation. There is no doubt that the role of these factors, as well as the elements of genomics and proteomics, could be a vital strategic point in prevention and treatment. Within this context, we conducted an updating review on coronary calcification focused on pathophysiology, experimental models, and clinical implications of vascular calcification.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/complicações , Calcificação Vascular/fisiopatologia , Animais , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/etiologia , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo
13.
Eur Heart J ; 34(43): 3370-7, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23828828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assuming that coronary interventions, both coronary bypass surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), are directed to preserve left ventricular function, it is not known whether medical therapy alone (MT) can achieve this protection. Thus, we evaluated the evolution of LV ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) treated by CABG, PCI, or MT as a post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial with a follow-up of 10 years. METHODS: Left ventricle ejection fraction was assessed with transthoracic echocardiography in patients with multivessel CAD, participants of the MASS II trial before randomization to CABG, PCI, or MT, and re-evaluated after 10 years of follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 611 patients, 422 were alive after 10.32 ± 1.43 years. Three hundred and fifty had LVEF reassessed: 108 patients from MT, 111 from CABG, and 131 from PCI. There was no difference in LVEF at the beginning (0.61 ± 0.07, 0.61 ± 0.08, 0.61 ± 0.09, respectively, for PCI, CABG, and MT, P = 0.675) or at the end of follow-up (0.56 ± 0.11, 0.55 ± 0.11, 0.55 ± 0.12, P = 0.675), or in the decline of LVEF (reduction delta of -7.2 ± 17.13, -9.08 ± 18.77, and -7.54 ± 22.74). Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during the follow-up was associated with greater reduction in LVEF. The presence of previous AMI (OR: 2.50, 95% CI: 1.40-4.45; P = 0.0007) and during the follow-up (OR: 2.73, 95% CI: 1.25-5.92; P = 0.005) was associated with development of LVEF <45%. CONCLUSION: Regardless of the therapeutic option applied, LVEF remains preserved in the absence of a major adverse cardiac event after 10 years of follow-up. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Registration number ISRCTN66068876.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 12: 65, 2012 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22898311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of correlation between the release, the volume of myocardial tissue loss, and the long-term significance. Delayed-enhancement of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) consistently quantifies areas of irreversible myocardial injury. To investigate the quantitative relationship between irreversible injury and cardiac biomarkers, we will evaluate the extent of irreversible injury in patients undergoing PCI and CABG and relate it to postprocedural modifications in cardiac biomarkers and long-term prognosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will include 150 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and a formal indication for CABG; 50 patients will undergo CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); 50 patients with the same arterial and ventricular condition indicated for myocardial revascularization will undergo CABG without CPB; and another 50 patients with CAD and preserved ventricular function will undergo PCI using stents. All patients will undergo CMR before and after surgery or PCI. We will also evaluate the release of cardiac markers of necrosis immediately before and after each procedure. Primary outcome considered is overall death in a 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes are levels of CK-MB isoenzyme and I-Troponin in association with presence of myocardial fibrosis and systolic left ventricle dysfunction assessed by CMR. DISCUSSION: The MASS-V Trial aims to establish reliable values for parameters of enzyme markers of myocardial necrosis in the absence of manifest myocardial infarction after mechanical interventions. The establishments of these indices have diagnostic value and clinical prognosis and therefore require relevant and different therapeutic measures. In daily practice, the inappropriate use of these necrosis markers has led to misdiagnosis and therefore wrong treatment. The appearance of a more sensitive tool such as CMR provides an unprecedented diagnostic accuracy of myocardial damage when correlated with necrosis enzyme markers. We aim to correlate laboratory data with imaging, thereby establishing more refined data on the presence or absence of irreversible myocardial injury after the procedure, either percutaneous or surgical, and this, with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 98(5): e78-81, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22858658

RESUMO

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is the most common systemic autoimmune disease, occurring more frequently in women, usually aged between 16 and 55 years 1, 2. Although classically the kidneys are the organs most affected in SLE, cardiopulmonary circulation and the heart may also be affected significantly 3. In this context, the occurrence of acute pulmonary edema associated with lupus myocarditis is rare and specific immunosuppressive therapy remains unclear.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Miocardite/etiologia , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 98(2): e28-31, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22378340

RESUMO

We report on a 30-year-old female patient, with biological mitral valve prosthesis due to symptomatic mitral stenosis and a history of acute myocardial infarction and generalized tonic-clonic seizure episodes, visual hallucinations, cerebral thromboembolic events and, at present, chorea and acute carditis. The patient was diagnosed with active rheumatic fever (RF), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). The combination of three unusual diagnoses in the same patient makes this a unique case, modifying patient treatment and prognosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Febre Reumática/complicações , Adulto , Bioprótese , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Estenose da Valva Mitral/complicações , Miocardite/etiologia
19.
Diabetes Care ; 35(1): 150-2, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22028280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of hyperglycemia in different age-groups of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 2,027 patients with AMI were categorized into one of five age-groups: <50 years (n = 301), ≥50 and <60 (n = 477), ≥60 and <70 (n = 545), ≥70 and <80 (n = 495), and ≥80 years (n = 209). Hyperglycemia was defined as initial glucose ≥115 mg/dL. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios for hyperglycemia predicting hospital mortality in groups 1-5 were, respectively, 7.57 (P = 0.004), 3.21 (P = 0.046), 3.50 (P = 0.003), 3.20 (P < 0.001), and 2.16 (P = 0.021). The adjusted P values for correlation between glucose level (as a continuous variable) and mortality were 0.007, <0.001, 0.043, <0.001, and 0.064. The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were 0.785, 0.709, 0.657, 0.648, and 0.613. The AUC in group 1 was significantly higher than those in groups 3-5. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of hyperglycemia as a risk factor for hospital mortality in AMI is more pronounced in younger patients.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hiperglicemia/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
20.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 100(1): 77-84, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20835904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have prospectively addressed the effects of exercise in the inflammatory activity of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to evaluate the consequences of an acute bout of exercise on inflammatory markers and BNP in untrained CAD patients before and after randomization to a training program. METHODS: 34 CAD patients underwent a 50-min acute exercise session on a cycle-ergometer at 65% peak oxygen uptake before and after blood sampling. They were then randomized to a 4-month chronic exercise program (15 patients) or general lifestyle recommendations (19 patients), undergoing a new acute session of exercise after that. RESULTS: In the overall population, acute exercise caused a significant increase in C-reactive protein [CRP; 1.79 (4.49) vs. 1.94 (4.89) mg/L, P < 0.001], monokine induced by interferon-γ [Mig; 351 (324) vs. 373 (330) pg/mL, P = 0.027] and vascular adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1; 226 (82) vs. 252 (110) pg/mL, P = 0.02]. After 4-months, in exercise-trained patients, there was a significant decrease in the inflammatory response provoked by the acute exercise compared to patients in the control group reflected by a significant decrease in the differences between rest and post-exercise levels of CRP [-0.29 (0.84) mg/L vs. -0.11 (0.21) mg/L, P = 0.05]. Resting BNP was also significantly lower in exercise-trained patients when compared to untrained controls [15.6 (16.2) vs. 9.7 (11.4) pg/mL, P = 0.04 and 19.2 (27.8) vs. 23.2 (27.5) pg/mL, P = 0.76; respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic exercise training might partially reverse the inflammatory response caused by acute exercise in CAD patients. These results suggest that regular exercise is an important nonpharmacological strategy to the improvement in inflammation in CAD patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Citocinas/sangue , Exercício , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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