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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539048

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to update the logistic clinical SYNTAX score to predict 2 year all-cause mortality after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 15,883 patients in the GLOBAL LEADERS study who underwent PCI. The logistic clinical SYNTAX model was updated after imputing missing values by refitting the original model (refitted original model) and fitting an extended new model (new model, with, selection based on the Akaike Information Criterion). External validation was performed in 10,100 patients having PCI at Fu Wai hospital. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prior stroke, current smoker, hemoglobin level, and white blood cell count were identified as additional independent predictors of 2 year all-cause mortality and included into the new model. The c-indexes of the original, refitted original and the new model in the derivation cohort were 0.74 (95% CI 0.72-0.76), 0.75 (95% CI 0.73-0.77), and 0.78 (95% CI 0.76-0.80), respectively. The c-index of the new model was lower in the validation cohort than in the derivation cohort, but still showed improved discriminative ability of the newly developed model (0.72; 95% CI 0.67-0.77) compared to the refitted original model (0.69; 95% CI 0.64-0.74). The models overestimated the observed 2 year all-cause mortality of 1.11% in the Chinese external validation cohort by 0.54 percentage points, indicating the need for calibration of the model to the Chinese patient population. CONCLUSIONS: The new model of the logistic clinical SYNTAX score better predicts 2 year all-cause mortality after PCI than the original model. The new model could guide clinical decision making by risk stratifying patients undergoing PCI.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(3): 237-246, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541534

RESUMO

Intracoronary physiology is routinely used in setting the indication for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) but seldom in assessing procedural results. This attitude is increasingly challenged by accumulated evidence demonstrating the value of post-PCI functional assessment in predicting long-term patient outcomes. Besides fractional flow reserve, a number of new indexes recently incorporated to clinical practice, including nonhyperemic pressure and functional angiographic indexes, provide new opportunities for the physiological assessment of PCI results. Largely, the benefit of these tools is derived from longitudinal analysis of the treated vessel, which allows precise identification of the vessel segment accounting for a suboptimal functional result and enabling operators to perform accurate PCI optimization. In this document the authors review available evidence supporting why physiological assessment should be extended to immediate post-PCI with the aim of improving patient outcomes. A step-by-step guide on how available physiological tools can be used for such purpose is provided.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590430

RESUMO

Coronary luminal dimensions change during the cardiac cycle. However, contemporary volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis is performed in non-gated images as existing methods to acquire gated or to retrospectively gate IVUS images have failed to dominate in research. We developed a novel deep learning (DL)-methodology for end-diastolic frame detection in IVUS and compared its efficacy against expert analysts and a previously established methodology using electrocardiographic (ECG)-estimations as reference standard. Near-infrared spectroscopy-IVUS (NIRS-IVUS) data were prospectively acquired from 20 coronary arteries and co-registered with the concurrent ECG-signal to identify end-diastolic frames. A DL-methodology which takes advantage of changes in intensity of corresponding pixels in consecutive NIRS-IVUS frames and consists of a network model designed in a bidirectional gated-recurrent-unit (Bi-GRU) structure was trained to detect end-diastolic frames. The efficacy of the DL-methodology in identifying end-diastolic frames was compared with two expert analysts and a conventional image-based (CIB)-methodology that relies on detecting vessel movement to estimate phases of the cardiac cycle. A window of ± 100 ms from the ECG estimations was used to define accurate end-diastolic frames detection. The ECG-signal identified 3,167 end-diastolic frames. The mean difference between DL and ECG estimations was 3 ± 112 ms while the mean differences between the 1st-analyst and ECG, 2nd-analyst and ECG and CIB-methodology and ECG were 86 ± 192 ms, 78 ± 183 ms and 59 ± 207 ms, respectively. The DL-methodology was able to accurately detect 80.4%, while the two analysts and the CIB-methodology detected 39.0%, 43.4% and 42.8% of end-diastolic frames, respectively (P < 0.05). The DL-methodology can identify NIRS-IVUS end-diastolic frames accurately and should be preferred over expert analysts and CIB-methodologies, which have limited efficacy.

4.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(2): e006581, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Event adjudication by a clinical event committee (CEC) provides a standardized, independent outcome assessment. However, the added value of CEC to investigators reporting remains debated. GLASSY (GLOBAL LEADERS Adjudication Sub-Study) implemented, in a subset of the open-label, investigator-reported (IR) GLOBAL LEADERS trial, an independent adjudication process of reported and unreported potential outcome events (triggers). We describe metrics of GLASSY feasibility and efficiency, diagnostic accuracy of IR events, and their concordance with corresponding CEC-adjudicated events. METHODS: We report the proportion of myocardial infarction, bleeding, stroke, and stent thrombosis triggers with sufficient evidence for assessment (feasibility) that were adjudicated as outcome events (efficiency), stratified by source (IR or non-IR). Using CEC-adjudicated events as criterion standard, we describe sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and global diagnostic accuracy of IR events. Using Gwet AC coefficient, we examine the concordance between IR- and corresponding CEC-adjudicated triggers. There was sufficient evidence for assessment for 2592 (98.3%) of 2636 triggers. RESULTS: Overall, the adjudicated end point-to-trigger ratio was high and similar between IR- (88%) and non-IR-reported (87%) triggers. The global diagnostic accuracy and concordance between IR-reported and CEC-adjudicated outcome events was 0.70 (95% CI, 0.65-0.74) and 0.54 (95% CI, 0.45-0.62), respectively, for myocardial infarction; 0.77 (95% CI, 0.75-0.79) and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.68-0.74) for bleeding; 0.70 (95% CI, 0.62-0.79) and 0.59 (95% CI, 0.43-0.74) for stroke; 0.59 (95% CI, 0.52-0.66) and 0.39 (95% CI, 0.25-0.53) for stent thrombosis. For IR bleedings, the concordance with the CEC on type of events was generally weak. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing CEC adjudication in a pragmatic open-label trial with IR events is feasible and efficient. Our findings of modest global diagnostic accuracy for IR events and generally weak concordance between investigators and CEC support the role for CEC adjudication in such settings. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03231059.

5.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(4): 444-456, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare ticagrelor monotherapy with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents. BACKGROUND: The role of abbreviated DAPT followed by an oral P2Y12 inhibitor after PCI remains uncertain. METHODS: Two randomized trials, including 14,628 patients undergoing PCI, comparing ticagrelor monotherapy with standard DAPT on centrally adjudicated endpoints were identified, and individual patient data were analyzed using 1-step fixed-effect models. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019143120). The primary outcomes were the composite of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding tested for superiority and, if met, the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 1 year, tested for noninferiority against a margin of 1.25 on a hazard ratio (HR) scale. RESULTS: Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding occurred in fewer patients with ticagrelor than DAPT (0.9% vs. 1.7%, respectively; HR: 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41 to 0.75; p < 0.001). The composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 231 patients (3.2%) with ticagrelor and in 254 patients (3.5%) with DAPT (HR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.10; p < 0.001 for noninferiority). Ticagrelor was associated with lower risk for all-cause (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.96; p = 0.027) and cardiovascular (HR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.47 to 0.99; p = 0.044) mortality. Rates of myocardial infarction (2.01% vs. 2.05%; p = 0.88), stent thrombosis (0.29% vs. 0.38%; p = 0.32), and stroke (0.47% vs. 0.36%; p = 0.30) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor monotherapy was associated with a lower risk for major bleeding compared with standard DAPT, without a concomitant increase in ischemic events.

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(5): 529-540, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical benefit after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with total occlusions (TOs) and complex coronary artery disease has not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with TOs undergoing PCI or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of patients with at least 1 TO in the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. Patients with TOs were further stratified according to the status of TO recanalization or revascularization. RESULTS: Of 1,800 randomized patients to the PCI or CABG arm, 460 patients had at least 1 lesion of TO. In patients with TOs, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization was not associated with 10-year all-cause mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment (PCI arm: 29.9% vs. 29.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.992; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.474 to 2.075; p = 0.982; and CABG arm: 28.0% vs. 21.4%; adjusted HR: 0.656; 95% CI: 0.281 to 1.533; p = 0.330). When TOs existed in left main and/or left anterior descending artery, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not have an impact on the mortality (34.5% vs. 26.9%; adjusted HR: 0.896; 95% CI: 0.314 to 2.555; p = 0.837). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not affect mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment and location of TOs. The present study might support contemporary practice among high-volume chronic TO-PCI centers where recanalization is primarily offered to patients for the management of angina refractory to medical therapy when myocardial viability is confirmed. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the online assessment feasibility of aortography using videodensitometry in the catheterization laboratory during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Quantitative assessment of regurgitation after TAVR through aortography using videodensitometry is simple, reproducible, and validated in vitro, in vivo, in clinical trials, and in "real-world" patients. However, thus far the assessment has been done offline. METHODS: This was a single center, prospective, proof-of-principle, feasibility study. One hundred consecutive patients with aortic stenosis and indications to undergo TAVR were enrolled. All final aortograms were analyzed immediately after acquisition in the catheterization laboratory and were also sent to an independent core laboratory for blinded offline assessment. The primary endpoint of the study was the feasibility of the online assessment of regurgitation (percentage of analyzable cases). The secondary endpoint was the reproducibility of results between the online assessment and the offline analysis by the core laboratory. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 81 ± 7 years, and 56% were men. The implanted valves were either SAPIEN 3 (97%) or SAPIEN 3 Ultra (3%). The primary endpoint of online feasibility of analysis was 92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 86% to 97%) which was the same feasibility encountered by the core laboratory (92%; 95% CI: 86% to 97%). Reproducibility assessment showed a high correlation between online and core laboratory evaluations (R2 = 0.87, p < 0.001), with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.962 (95% CI: 0.942 to 0.975; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed high feasibility of online quantitative assessment of regurgitation and high agreement between the online examiner and core laboratory. These results may pave the way for the application of videodensitometry in the catheterization laboratory after TAVR. (Online Videodensitometric Assessment of Aortic Regurgitation in the Cath-Lab [OVAL]; NCT04047082).

9.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 10, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association of insulin resistance (IR) with coronary plaque morphology and the risk of cardiovascular events in patients enrolled in the Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in Coronary Tree (PROSPECT) study. METHODS: Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) were divided based on DM status. Non-DM patients were further stratified according to homeostasis-model-assessment IR (HOMA-IR) index as insulin sensitive (IS; HOMA-IR ≤ 2), likely-IR (LIR; 2 < HOMA-IR < 5), or diabetic-IR (DIR; HOMA-IR ≥ 5). Coronary plaque characteristics were investigated by intravascular ultrasound. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE); a composite of cardiac death, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, and rehospitalization for unstable/progressive angina. RESULTS: Among non-diabetic patients, 109 patients (21.5%) were categorized as LIR, and 65 patients (12.8%) as DIR. Patients with DIR or DM had significantly higher rates of echolucent plaque compared with LIR and IS. In addition, DIR and DM were independently associated with increased risk of MACE compared with IS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 2.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-4.29, p = 0.01 and aHR 2.12, 95% CI 1.19-3.75, p = 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: IR is common among patients with ACS. DM and advanced but not early stages of IR are independently associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00180466.

11.
EuroIntervention ; 16(15): e1215-e1226, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478939

RESUMO

Visual summary. Coronary interventional trials in 2020.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares , Humanos
12.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary bypass artery grafting (CABG) has a higher procedural risk of stroke than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but may offer better long-term survival. The optimal revascularization strategy for patients with prior cerebrovascular disease (CEVD) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAXES study assessed the vital status out to 10 year of patients with three-vessel disease and/or left main coronary artery disease enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. The relative efficacy of PCI vs. CABG in terms of 10 year all-cause death was assessed according to prior CEVD. The primary endpoint was 10 year all-cause death. The status of prior CEVD was available in 1791 (99.5%) patients, of whom 253 patients had prior CEVD. Patients with prior CEVD were older and had more comorbidities (medically treated diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, metabolic syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, impaired renal function, and congestive heart failure), compared with those without prior CEVD. Prior CEVD was an independent predictor of 10 year all-cause death (adjusted HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.04-1.73; p = 0.021). Patients with prior CEVD had a significantly higher risk of 10 year all-cause death (41.1 vs. 24.1%; HR: 1.92; 95% CI: 1.54-2.40; p < 0.001). The risk of 10 year all-cause death was similar between patients receiving PCI or CABG irrespective of the presence of prior CEVD (p-interaction = 0.624). CONCLUSION: Prior CEVD was associated with a significantly increased risk of 10 year all-cause death which was similar in patients treated with PCI or CABG. These results do not support preferential referral for PCI rather than CABG in patients with prior CEVD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972. SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

13.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359193

RESUMO

Prior studies in patients with noncomplex coronary artery disease have demonstrated the safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the outpatient setting. We sought to examine the outcomes of outpatient PCI in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). In the EXCEL trial, 1905 patients with LMCAD and site-assessed low or intermediate SYNTAX scores were randomized to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus coronary artery bypass grafting. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; the composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction). In this sub-analysis, outcomes at 30 days and 5 years were analyzed according to whether PCI was performed in the outpatient versus inpatient setting. Among 948 patients with LMCAD assigned to PCI, 935 patients underwent PCI as their first procedure, including 100 (10.7%) performed in the outpatient setting. Patients who underwent outpatient compared with inpatient PCI were less likely to have experienced recent myocardial infarction. Distal left main bifurcation disease involvement and SYNTAX scores were similar between the groups. Comparing outpatient to inpatient PCI, there were no significant differences in MACE at 30 days (4.0% vs 5.0% respectively, adjusted OR 0.52 95% CI 0.12 to 2.22; p = 0.38) or 5 years (20.6% vs 22.1% respectively, adjusted OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.29; p = 0.27). Similar results were observed in patients with distal left main bifurcation lesions. In conclusion, in the EXCEL trial, outpatient PCI of patients with LMCAD was not associated with an excess early or late hazard of MACE. These data suggest that outpatient PCI may be safely performed in select patients with LMCAD.

14.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; : CIRCINTERVENTIONS120009183, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical implications of online 3-dimensional optical frequency domain imaging (3D-OFDI)-guided stenting for bifurcation lesions have not been investigated in the randomized controlled trials. The purpose of this study was to determine whether online 3D-OFDI-guided stenting is superior to angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of incomplete stent apposition at the bifurcation segment. METHODS: The OPTIMUM trial (Online 3-Dimensional Optical Frequency Domain Imaging to Optimize Bifurcation Stenting Using UltiMaster Stent) was a randomized, multicenter clinical trial. Eligible patients had an angiographically significant stenosis in the bifurcation lesion treated with a provisional single stent strategy using the Ultimaster sirolimus eluting stent. Patients were randomly allocated to either online 3D-OFDI-guided or angiography-guided PCI. Patients randomized to 3D-OFDI guidance underwent online 3D-OFDI assessment after rewiring into the jailed side branch after stenting and proximal optimization technique, while in the angiography guidance arm, rewiring was performed using conventional fluoroscopic/angiographic guidance. The primary end point of this trial was the postprocedural average percentage of malapposed struts per lesion assessed by OFDI in the confluence zone of the main and side branches. RESULTS: Between June 8, 2017 and September 26, 2018, 110 patients with 111 bifurcation lesions were randomized at 4 Japanese centers. Of these, 56 patients with 57 lesions were treated with 3D-OFDI-guided PCI, whereas 54 patients with 54 lesions were treated with angiography-guided PCI. In the 3D-OFDI guidance arm, the feasibility of online 3D-OFDI was 98.2%. The average percentage of incomplete stent apposition per lesion at bifurcation was lower in the 3D-OFDI guidance arm than that in the angiography guidance arm (19.5±15.8% versus 27.5±14.2%, P=0.008). The superiority of the 3D-OFDI guidance arm was also confirmed in the strut level analysis (odds ratio: 0.54 [95% CI, 0.36-0.81]; P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Online 3D-OFDI-guided bifurcation PCI was superior to angiography-guided bifurcation PCI in terms of acute incomplete stent apposition at bifurcation. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02972489.

15.
Future Cardiol ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258702

RESUMO

Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been developed over recent decades and the implantation of DES is the standard of care in contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with coronary artery disease. The MiStent sirolimus-eluting stent has several unique features; ultra-thin (64 µm) struts, a bioresorbable polymer and a controlled drug release from microcrystalline sirolimus as a reservoir embedded in the vessel wall. Results of recent clinical trials demonstrated the potential performance of this state-of-the-art DES. In the present review, we provide an overview of the development of DES, in particular the design and performance of the novel MiStent sirolimus-eluting stent from technological and clinical points of view and discuss the potentials of this new type of DES.

16.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e038152, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303435

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The previously published SYNTAX III REVOLUTION trial demonstrated that clinical decision-making between coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention based on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) had a very high agreement with the treatment decision derived from invasive coronary angiography (ICA). The study objective of the FASTTRACK CABG is to assess the feasibility of CCTA and fractional flow reserve derived from CTA (FFRCT) to replace ICA as a surgical guidance method for planning and execution of CABG in patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main disease. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The FASTTRACK CABG is an investigator-initiated single-arm, multicentre, prospective, proof-of-concept and first-in-man study with feasibility and safety analysis. Surgical revascularisation strategy and treatment planning will be solely based on CCTA and FFRCT without knowledge of the anatomy defined by ICA. Clinical follow-up visit including CCTA will be performed 30 days after CABG in order to assess graft patency and adequacy of the revascularisation with respect to the surgical planning based on non-invasive imaging (CCTA) with functional assessment (FFRCT) and compared with ICA. Primary feasibility endpoint is CABG planning and execution solely based on CCTA and FFRCT in 114 patients. Primary safety endpoint based on 30 day CCTA is graft assessment and topographical adequacy of the revascularisation procedure. Automatic non-invasive assessment of functional coronary anatomy complexity is also evaluated with FFRCT for functional Synergy Between percutaneous coronary intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Score assessment on CCTA. CCTA with FFRCT might provide better anatomical and functional analysis of the coronary circulation leading to appropriate anatomical and functional revascularisation, and thereby contributing to a better outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Each patient has to provide written informed consent as approved by the ethical committee of the respective clinical site. Results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and will be disseminated at scientific conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04142021.

17.
Platelets ; : 1-6, 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356730

RESUMO

Cessation of one component of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been associated with increased risk of ischemic events but it is uncertain whether discontinuation of aspirin is preferable to discontinuation of the oral P2Y12 inhibitor. The GLOBAL LEADERS study compared two antiplatelet strategies following PCI, cessation of aspirin at 1 month with continued ticagrelor monotherapy for 23 months versus standard DAPT for 12 months followed by aspirin monotherapy for a further 12 months. We assessed recovery of platelet reactivity after withdrawal of either aspirin or ticagrelor at 1 month and 12 months, respectively, in this study. Platelet aggregation (PA) was assessed before cessation of DAPT ('baseline') and after 2, 7, and 14 days post-cessation using Multiplate whole-blood aggregometry with collagen, thrombin-receptor-activating peptide (TRAP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA) as agonists. Following cessation of aspirin at 1 month, there was marked recovery of PA induced by AA (baseline [mean ± SD]: 11.1 ± 7.4 U vs. 14 days: 64.9 ± 19.6 U, p < .0001) and collagen (37.4 ± 22.9 U vs. 79.8 ± 13.8 U, p < .0001), whereas PA induced by ADP (18.6 ± 6.6 vs. 69.1 ± 20.5, p < .0001) and collagen (34.4 ± 18.7 U vs. 43.0 ± 21.0, p = .0018) recovered following cessation of ticagrelor at 12 months. There were no significant changes in TRAP-induced PA in either group. In conclusion, cessation of either component of DAPT leads to substantial increase in platelet reactivity with differential effects on different pathways of platelet activation when aspirin or the P2Y12 inhibitor is stopped. Further work is required to determine which patients receive net benefit from long-term continuation of DAPT.

18.
Am Heart J ; 232: 23-38, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent approval of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with low operative risk has paved the way for the introduction of novel and potentially improved technologies. The safety and efficacy of these novel technologies should be investigated in randomized control trials against the contemporary TAVR devices. The objective of the LANDMARK trial is to compare the balloon-expandable Myval transcatheter heart valve (THV) series with contemporary THV (SAPIEN THV and Evolut THV series) series in patients with severe symptomatic native aortic stenosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The LANDMARK trial (ClinicalTrials.govNCT04275726, EudraCT number 2020-000,137-40) is a prospective, randomized, multinational, multicenter, open-label, and noninferiority trial of approximately 768 patients treated with TAVR via the transfemoral approach. Patients will be allocated in a 1:1 randomization to Myval THV series (n = 384) or to contemporary THV (n = 384) (either of SAPIEN THV or Evolut THV series). The primary combined safety and efficacy endpoint is a composite of all-cause mortality, all stroke (disabling and nondisabling), bleeding (life-threatening or disabling), acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3), major vascular complications, prosthetic valve regurgitation (moderate or severe), and conduction system disturbances (requiring new permanent pacemaker implantation), according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria at 30-day follow-up. All patients will have follow-up to 10 years following TAVR. SUMMARY: The LANDMARK trial is the first randomized head-to-head trial comparing Myval THV series to commercially available THVs in patients indicated for TAVR. We review prior data on head-to-head comparisons of TAVR devices and describe the rationale and design of the LANDMARK trial.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive performances of the prewiring, postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores, prewiring, and postwiring Updated Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score (LCSS) for 2-year all-cause mortality post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND: In patients with STEMI and undergoing primary PCI, coronary stenosis(es) distal to the culprit lesion is often observed after the restoration of coronary flow. To address comprehensively the complex coronary anatomy in these patients, prewiring and postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores have been reported in the literature. Furthermore, to enable individualized risk estimation for long-term all-cause mortality, the Updated LCSS has been developed by combining the anatomical SYNTAX score and clinical factors. METHODS: In the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, anatomical SYNTAX score analysis was performed by an independent angiographic corelab for the first 4,000 consecutive patients as a prespecified analysis; of these, 545 presented with STEMI. The efficacy of the mortality predictions of the four scores at 2 years were evaluated based on their discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: Complete data was available in 512 patients (93.9%). When the patients were stratified into two groups based on the median of the scores, the prewiring and postwiring Updated LCSSs demonstrated that the high-score groups were associated with higher rates of 2-year all-cause mortality compared to the low-score groups (6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001 and 6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences for predicting the mortality between the prewiring (area under the curve [AUC] 0.625), postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (AUC 0.614), prewiring (AUC 0.755), and postwiring Updated LCSS (AUC 0.757). In the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score had a better discrimination for the mortality than the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (IDI -0.0082; p = .029). The four scores had acceptable calibration abilities for 2-year all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The prewiring Updated LCSS predicts long-term all-cause mortality with clearly useful discrimination and acceptable calibration. Since the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score does not improve mortality prediction, the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score may be preferred for the 2-year mortality prediction using the Updated LCSS.

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